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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 23, 1919)
THE DAIlfr CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2:1, 1919.
British Making Old Political i
Parties Over arid Seeking For
New Reconstruction Leaders
London, Aug. 20. Tho war has H. H. Asquith in the patty favor, when
proved a fatal melting-pot to many 'the: latter was compelled to resign the
world institutions, but nowhere has its premiership, and the coftlition govern-
effects been more marked tlian in Brit
ish polities. American and the rest of
the world would do well to watch close
ly tho rapidly changing aspects of the
situation, for all the old parties are be
ing made over, many favorite policies
merit was formed by Lloyd George in
1916. The coalition has served its pur
pose and like most such temporary ex
pedients shows signs of early disruption.
Who is Lloyd George going to lead
then? is the question agitating politi-
will go far, according to the prophets
and dose, observers. .If he had never
taken over the war offiec in tho coalition
government," Churchill might have suc
cessfully challenged Lloyd George for
the leadership of the combined liberal
and labor parties, but his handling of
demobilization, and the Russian expedi
tion has- aroused bitter resentment
among laborites and a section of the lib
eral party. That Churchill will be pre-
bless the Center Coalition group and its
aims. ' . i. v :,''-' - ..
Among hig fellow guests were the two
great party managers and election con
trollers, Captain Hoiu Frederick Guest,
chief liberal whip, fiind Sir George
Younger, chief unionist whip. Further
the company was honored by the pres
ence of Lord Clmnchellor Birkonhend,
formerly Frederick E. Smithy one of the
most brilliant lawyers and house of
commons debaters of his party, Of
mier of England some day is certain,: COurse both "Freddie'! Birkenhead and
declare most experts, but he will prob-
bly have to ho low for a bit.
Winnie" Churchill have long been
bosom friends although of different po-
Stnillie is the "dark horse." He is j Htie.nl parties, but both arc restless and
not a new man, but hig parliamentary ambitious spirits .and not given to wa&t-
career has been brief and obscure, forjig time on complimentary dinners un-
are beiner scrapned. and many of the old cians.
leaders jettisoned, having failed to testj Tho old liberal and conservative par
true in the fire of war and recoiistruc-jtfes have suffered. too many casualties
tion. 1 to be able to set up in business again.
British politicians and the voters are j The conservatives have their own little
now searching for three things:
A MAN Wanted by tho old parties
as si leader.
A PARTY Wanted by several self
styled "men." -
A POLICY Wanted by the parties,
the would-be men, and' the general pub
lic. And here is where tho rest of the
world beeouies interested, for
A number of possible candidates for rob Lloyd George of some supporters. the center party has arison, a combina-
the first job is romarkably small. The The conservatives are nominally unl-tion of progressive liberals and eonser
avera.ge citizen would tell you, most like-' ted under Andrew Bonar Law, but Law , vntives, and Lloyd George and Church
ly, that thero is only one David Lloyd apparently does not aspire to bo the Jill would appear to be the natural lead
GeorgOj the" "little Welsh wizard" who!nian the country is advertising for. Hejers. Overtures have been made, but M-
receivod such an extraordinary national! was only a stop-gap alternative, when
welcome on his return from the confer- elected to succeed Arthur James Bul
ence table at Paris. But Lloyd George four in the party leadership in 1911
would be the first to admit that lie 'is I a buffer between 'the; irreconcilable
no stranger to tho other side of political rooting for Austen Chamberlain and
fame, and for some years before the Walter Hume Long 'respectively. Ho
war ho- was probably the- most-bitterly has proved himself a-capable and con
cursed man in England. - Nineteen years scietttious statesman, but he lacks per
ago he had to flee for bis life, disguised! somil magnetism indispensable for a
in a policeman's uniform, to escape algi'eat party leader. .The .remainder of
j the conservative leaders may do ounu
' uatod from the. .contest, Chamberlain
and Long boing relegated to the "have
j boons " and Balfour desirous of retiring
from political life on account of his
less there is something to it,
The Center Coalition group modestly
refrained from advertising the lionoi
done them, but it come out and imme
diately the political experts hailed the
birth of a new party. It was openly
stated that Churchill had attended the
i gathering as the representative of Lkjyd
he -has generally been defeated in typi
cal Scotch labor constituencies by his
own countrymen, who nevertheless gave
him full power to bargain for thent in
dustrially. Since he has been president
of the Miners' Federation of Great Brit
ain, he has been easily tho outstanding
tin gods," and will not adopt Lloyd figure in the labor world. The favorites
George. What tho majority of the old ! then for prime minister arc, David George ,and as Sir George Younger 's
liberals will do is a puzzle. Although Lloyd George, Winston Churchill and; presence was taken to confer Andrew
no longer in parliament (he was over-1 Robert Smillie. It might be said tiiatj Bonar Law's blessing n. the movement,
whelmed in the election just before , Smillie 's party is obvious and ready i the Center party was immediately sad
Christmas) Herbert H. Asquith is still 'made the labor party, but that ig not 'died with three chieftains. That is, sad-
the leader of a bunch of liberals, who, so, for he had had a curious sequence of
now politically unimportant are con-1 parliamentary defeats. .
it is an 'temptuously styled the ''Wee Frees. " For Lloyd George and Churehill there
Asquith is a dead-letter, but ho can still , is a billet on offer. A new organization
'patriotic" mob who resented his
championship of the Boer farmers with
whom Great Britain was then at war.
Lloyd Gcorgo is the one outstanding
character in British political life todav,
and by sheer hard work, flashes of in- great ago.
tnitivo genius and personal mngnotisml The only two serious rivals to Lloyd
ho ha-s lined up practically the whole George in the personality contest are
country behind him. :. Winston S. Churchill, at present war see-
But what he needs is a party. For-! rotary ,and Robert Smillie miners' leaa
merly leader of the radical wing of the j or a id uncrowned king of British labor,
liberal party he automatically succeeded j Both have the magnetic gift, and both
though it is said that Churchill is will
ing, Lloyd George has "nothing to
say." Doubtless they are sizing up the
situation and weighing their prospects
Is the new center pa rty to provide the
solution of Great Britain's political dif
ficulties? -And will Premier Lloyd
George adopt the latest political infant
and undertake to lead it to tho promised
land of office?
These questions are agitating Britain,
although it is generally believed tho an
swer to both is in : tho affirmative.
When, a few weeks n go War Secretary
Winston 'Churchill, accepted an invita
tion to dine at the Critorion restaurant
with the energetic bunch of younger pol
iticians who called themselves tho Cen
ter Coalition group, he came straight
from Lloyd George's home; after inter
viewing the premier, and proceeded to
died with Lloyd George as high priest,
and Church and Bonar Law as assist
ants. ' 1
, Churchill smiled and affected to treat
the matter as a joke, when questioned;
Llovd George said
say,," and Bonar Law smiled. Not
enough evidence for conviction, perhaps,
but it was not a denial, and tho wise
acres easily made out their ease. And,
ono does not havf to study British poli
tics very closely to sec how likely and
even desirable it would be.
. Lloyd George, the one , outstanding
figure in a singuar.ly barren political
ago, has no party. Ho has always boon
a liberal, but his late chief Herbert H.
Asquith, who was ousted from the pre
miership over the shells scandal, is still
the official lender of the liberal party,
and a devoted band of liberals under Sir
Donald Madron, insist that ho is still
the one and only leader. . Moreover, Sir
Donald and the "Wee Free's" as-the
Asquithian liberals aro called in parlia
ment, do not '-approve of all Lloyd
George 's policies. . '""'."
The schism -in the liberal ranks Is
even greater in the cAnservotive party
for the aggressive Austen Chamberlain
and Walter Hume Long factions, have
Saw Your Wood
sued subgroups following Sid Jidward I '-
Carson and Lord Robert Cecil. Andrew
Bonar Law is the nominal Under but he
was never more than a stop-gap destined
to conciliate the Chamberlain and Long
groups, and ho does not seen desirious
of striking out line for himself. ; j
The old liberal and conservative par
ties have been killed by the war, and
can never expect to esumo independent
operations when tho present coalition
govrnmont splits up. If they attempted
10 tiicywouiti almost assuredly bo oMor
whelmod by a combination of labor
groups. eHnce the formation of a Cen
ter party composed of tho progressive
elements of the two old parties would be
the logical solution, .. .
The one thing required is a definite
policy. Lioyd George undoubtedly has
one ready, a strong, progressive policy:
which will rake in many moderate labor
men who are at present a bit scared by
the bolshevik tendencies of the official
How soon? England is ask'ng.
With the rumblings of approaching
dissolution shaking the coulitiou govern
ment, and recent developments in the in
dustrial world, all eyes are tinned on
the labor party in the house of commons
and the questici "How long before a
labor government Is in power?" which
would have been laughed at ten years
ago, is asked seriously, ;
For labor nlonn of iho ooliticiil lmrtios
a uavu uuiiuiit, i gtaudg better than ever betore, and po
iiticai experts uoeiaro that labor can
never expect to find itself in a more
favorable position, politically. The coali-1
tion is doomed, but neither of the old
parties, liberal and conservatives, can
go buck to their pre-war status. Alany
old leaders have been thrown overboard,
policies have been modified or aban-
doucd ,nnd the breaking up of the coali
tion would leave thorn shivering lilco.tlio
babes in the wood, uncertain which wnj
to turn ,or who to look to. J
, Labor is not absolutely united" in par
liament, thero being several groups,
known as tho labor party, the independ
ent labor party , tho miners representa
tives' ,and numerous freelances like Col
onel John Ward, tho "navy" M. P.
who was promoted to tho command of a
battalion in tho war, C B.. istniiton, one
time miners agent, Comiuunder J. II.
YVedgewood, one time liberal ,nnd Jack
Joiioh. the Mrtnmmnn iin,lt,Ja ttimiil-tn,, !
from east London. .' ,
The independent labor party contains
the '.'intellectuals" like Philip Suow-
den. Ramsey Mucdoiiald, Sidney Webb
land other regular socialists but for the
purposes of a labor government they!
, would unite with the turgor group; And I
jin tho tw.o groups there are many good'
j men,., who would doubtless make excel-1
K nt statesmen, and who would have tho
: support of people ordinarily bit forty
j hostile to labor. ' i .
I There aro Georgo N. Barnes, cabinet
jmi-istor, who" fathered tho labor cove
nant- oi mo peace treaty . it. Huberts,
food controller, in the -present govern
ment; Stephen Walsh; at peseiit hold-
llio- ,1 ml, mi n-nvni-n trifiiit nW-t . W i 1 I ! n .v.
Ur.." -!nVTvfii -It.ii.H-.il. -ITrln fni
... i,- v, ... i.iv(v ii.vt'L--iMnu.-o, ui a norm.
COSTS LESS THAN 5 CENTS A CORD TO
The only drag saw with tho jift v saw holder,
st: ntly. No holes to drill in saw head. Only
behind saw. Metalio clutch. SturdvJ Tested.
Grips or releases saw in
saw with Mrivo straight
VAUGHAN MOTOR WORKS. INC.
See . Your Dealer or Write Us
476 "E. Mail St.
WE AREEXCLUSIVE agents for
BETTER THAN HALF SOLES
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Monty s Tire Shop
GOTJXET WILL BE THE CHIEF
- OF POLICE AT STATE FAIR.
,Our showing of Trunks, Bags and Suit Cases is very complete. We have everything from the most in
expensive to the best. You always get more for your money at our store. -
. Comity, Commissioner Qoulet was bore
on business from Woodbui'n Saturday,
lie stated that slate and county road
work-is' making good progress every
whero in Marion county. He : hopes' to
see the Pacific Highway from Wood-
James O 'Grady, .1. H. Thomas) railway-1 burn to Aurora fully completed This fall.
ron-.'g leader; William Adamsou, the of- -"-ho pavement is now nearly, a. nulo this
ficial loader of tho labor parly; Arthur,silo of the railroad crossing at Wood-
licniiersou and last but not least. Hob-, burn.
FIKE AT LONE ELDEE.
Regular $9.00 Genuine leather hand
bag, now -, - ,
Regular $6.00 imitation leather hand
Regular $12.00 genuine leather hand
Regular $2.75 Imitation leather suit case, now Regular $10.00 Imitation leather suit case, now$7.8Q
Regular'$4.00 Imitation leather suit case, now ' Reg. $15.00 genuine leather suit case, now $11.95
Regular $6.50 Imitation leather suit case, now J4-95
ert Smillie, president of the Miners Fed
eration of Grout Britain.
Of these Sinil.'io stands out mo.-ft. prom
inently, from the vigorous' pait he has
taken in the settling of post-war labor
problems ,nnd he is probably the most
powerful man in the labor world today.
Whether he or any of the others have
the makings of a premier remains to ui
seen but they have a fine chance just
now to formulate a. smashing, reasoned
program ,and secure the spoils of office
it is practically certain that labor, to
day, could (iefeat both of the oid poli
tical parlies working independently, and
tho proposed Center party, a combina
tion of the tivo could not lie certain of
securing a majority over the. united
ranks of parliamentary lalior. Tho for
mation of a new party is always a source
of strength to ils opponents, for seces
sions are inevitable and in the uncer
tainty labor would undoubtedly guin
ma y recruits.
The uufiii problem for labor to solve is
whether the extremists are to prevail,
j At the last election tho extremists wero
roughly treated at the polls, but while
I there lias been the inevitable reaction
!."''nce (lie signing of jieace, their policy
j is not popular. If the moderates like
j Adi.iiison, Bruce, Humes, Thomas and
! Huberts can retain control of labor
cabinet is not only possible but extreine
I ly probable. -
MT. ANGEL'S WATER SUPPLY.
Mr, Goulet has been named chief of
the Stnto Fair police this year. Ho was
chief of .the mounted force last year,
lie will have some 40 or 50 men to po
lice the grounds. Aurora Observer.
.... A fire .Saturday, evening . about : 0
o-'elock at liono Elder, destroyed ' tho -bains
find 'outbuildings belonging ,:to
Chris Guebel. The damage is reported
to be $500 or $()(). 'Thejioiisct.waB;saved,
Hlmiifli 'it:' rW.i'f.ih.. ti..o i, "iA.
(lit inn to the' bulldjh'gft, -1 ha'jV'.'
.15 curds of wood, and all farm imple
ments were binned. The family wero
away from home at the tl mo iho firo
started. Mrs, Cocbel who was at fi neiglr-
burg saw tho fire and gave the alurm.
How tho firo started is not known.
"Foreel It" Buv At;Ifcne
Try-Man First In EnviittttS Keen 'em In The Circle $$
Id TRADE MAWK
TRUNKS mm TRUNKS PI TRUNK j
4 STORES - f) We I
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Mt. Angel's city council has been try
ing its best for over a year to get a
well dug that would furnish ample wa
ter for all city purposes, but has been
unfortunately delayed on every turn in
its effort to attain .its end. Keouiingly
tho fates have been against them and
the growing demand for water for pri
vate purposes has made it imperative
in protecting the supply for fire com
bat tiii. purposes to demand under pen
alty of disconnection, to use the city
water rVr sprinkling lawns, streets and
for. irrigation purposes, until October 6,
the mnyor having issued a proclamation
to this effect. Tho work on the 10-inch
I well now being .(lug is being crowded
land the present condition should soon
be . -'Mpdied. '
Ana:' Tiii.-nts hove been practically
completed .'' '' ation cf one of the
county's three .1 ' C plants at Mt.
Angel. The eountv -oa,'l and Koad En
gineer Culver were in the city lust
Tuesday and after inspecting the rock
on the butte belonging to the Hencdic
'ine Fathers, a dironouncijig it the
beet kind of roek for paving purposes,
'and due to t!j" liberal offer of the Fa
thers of ample rock from their quarry
without cost for road purposes in this
vb-iriitv for the 'country's for the
county's requirements in its present pro
gram, they have decided to locate the
plant and are completing arrangi merits
for yard room on the Southern Pacific
track immediately south of the S. Bch
maltz warehouse property..
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of some ovntis to refev to.
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AUTO ELECTRIC SHOP
418 Court St.
After Sept 1st, 238 North High