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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1919)
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SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
Wilson Conceded Rigid War
Censorship To Save European
Allies From Downfall
TB.A1.NB AM) UtA
BJA.ND8 mi caurr
Charles H. Grasty, Noted War Corre
spondent of New York Times, Tells
That While Restrictions on Publicity
Were Paralyzing to English-Speaking
Countries, They Were Necessary
To Save Shell-Shocked Nations
er doubted u high qualities of Ameri. : talking of the wu; after the armbtice
can youth s kuuiaa beings; I want to; the unfoldinir of event, was Inter-
esting and a mighty hard job for repre
speak of them an soldier: I don 't be-
lu'V such soldiers ever exited be
fore. "Mind, I am speakinir as a West
Mutative of the press,
Tho war ceusorahip was overdone The
Pointer. At the eud of the war, the'Iai'k of information didn't make to much
war correspondent, was asked by Edi-
tor Publisher to relate some of his'
(Mr. Crusty who 1 treasurer of the J otic .American.
New York Times, for n.auy year editor ftu no reflection on the other par
and publisher of tho Baltimore Sim, re- ( tieipant to say that the war couldn't
turned form Europe recently with IW have been won without North Ameri
dent Wilson party, after having ach-'cauisui (alway indude the Canadians
loved an intei national reputation as a with Uib North American. They be-
ur.i.uun rner ana interpreter ot evIu there, and Curric wa one of the
..-..is ii.mii ,uur year- service as a greatest jreneral in the wur.)
"Best Soldiers In Europe."
But even above my experience with
the irUlll'1-Uln I'hntll - 1 miri.ii-iiil an
Peace Conference, of particular inter-J much, I put mv experiences with the
est to our renders. Here follow his soldier, I saw the first of them land
reply, illuminating not only us regards t St. Xanaire on June 28, 1U17. Thev
the censorship but the personalities were raw material then. I a the
of the lenders on whom depended the Idta Infantry march- through Tnrls on
fate of the Miles' cause, the staunch th following 4th of Julv. Thev were
mipport given the President war poll- Hplendid fellows, but still raw mnteriul
eieseie by Viscount Northcliffe, social I saw them in training around XJou
uuiest in lireut Brituin, and other mat- diecourt and there was not much dif
fers of keen, prosent interest to the forence.
press of the t'nitod Htates, Editor ' But they were coining. Their full
hitting power was shown at Cantigny
By Chart. H. Graaty. , Marue, and from then' on they were
You ask me foi my most interesting the best soldiers iu Europe. ' Onee
experience. r.olne of th(.m not th(y a,, ro(
At the top standi my experience ponded to that spirit of competition
wiUi American soldiers. I went over characteristic, of North America.
on the boat with General Pershinp A . t.. ti... i.i
."v-r iu inn miuusi e- niauium in J'aris, i saw a picked bat
American army had so many corns d
eliet that it was difficult to count
I had s chance to talk with Marshal
Focu several time. He always said
that the best that could be done -was
to hold the Americans. He inado good
in that forecast.
The French Leaden.
Marshal Joffre, whom I interviewed,
impressed lue as a great philosoyhe.
and thinker whose moral and intellect
ual leadership brought out the best
ijuuiiiii-s iu me rreucn. (Jlcmuuceau is
aiuerence in continental communttie,
but it was paralyiiag to English peak
ing countries. We depend Oa public op
inion to shape publie policy.
Our public lacked information before
the armistice and nvor caught up af
terward, though tho; censorship was re-
laxed.ii Then we wore alway afraid
or giving uermbny jBome kind of an
edge by telling too much. It was a most
difficult position, j
The president hiiself wa obliged
largely to waive publicity which would
i is L . . . . :
a great character, made to order for ! " "J?; " , T U"SD'" "
the last quarter of an hour a. Joffre 1meric' Th .hell-ahocked countile. of
was for the first. d( lrr, Europe couldn't have atood it under
I admired Paul Paialeve. who fell I . I f "gUe ,Jr8twn8 gorernment
partly at least, because ho wa a math
ematician and not an orator. I hap
peued tu be with him at tho War Of
fice whea he made the life-saving de
cision io iaae soiuior froiu his al
ready thin front and aeud them to It
uly. 1 went with them , and never was de
moralization and consternation tran
uuilizcd by such a comparatively small
force as by them after Caj-a.-ettu.
It was Painluve ho put in that
great general, Petaia, after the fail
ure of the Nivello offensive iu April,
19'7, when the armyas almost iu a
state of mutiny aad the French civil
ian morale at low water murk. Petain
brought the army back.
I wa much at Versailles duriag the
fight to put a generali(winio ia com
mand. The aupport of that fight by
Lloyd George against natural, nairowj
homo opposition is thing that must
always be remembered iu his favor.1
but Wilson' euppftrt. tliouuh easier io
CONDITION OF KOADS IN
8AtiM Wfcfon Road: Open and ia
fair condition betweea Fostor and nm
nit of Cascade mouutain. Several ma
chine have crossed the CWadee Into
eastern Oregon this season via thil
McKaucie Highway: Open and in
good condition, Eugene to Blue river;
fair condition through McKenrie Past
to Sister. ,
Willamette: Open for machines be
tween Eugene and Bigdon. Passable
for wagon across summit. In fair con
Many Conditions Enter Into
Problem of Putting Industry
On Stable Basis. Says Clews
Barlow: Open between Sandy and
Wnpinitia. Ia good condition, Pandy to
Twinibridges; poor, Twinbridge ' to
Clear ereekj fair, Clear creek to Wa
pinitia. EnfMie-Florence: Open and in per
manent unune,r condition, entire route
Medf ord Klamath Tails; Open and
in fair condition, entire length. Auto
ni obi led can get to Crater Lake.
Anna Creek: Open and in fair condition.
Brookings; some rough places.
Crescent Ctty-BrooJdngs: Open and
in fair condition, Crescent City to
oi iurope would have fallen. So toe
President had to grin and bear It.
l hail tho pleueurd of meeting King
ueorge, an amiaoio j and
monarch who aved hi monarchy by his
sucriuco ana energy, and who U now
aendiiij; hi heir aniong the masses to
meet advancing democracy half way.
I suw nmea of a Still more powerful
potentate, Alfred HnVmswirth, Viseount
Northcliffe, who 1 ueh a hustler that
thousands of English think him Ameri
can by birth. . !
Ho lielH'd the president at every tym
until a aerioua illness temporarily re
Oraoita Pas Crescent City: Open and
in fair condition between Grant Pans
and Crescent CitV. Kouuh n Oreimn
sclf-deuylngl Mountain, and from there to Waldo.
I California ide in good condition.
Waldport-Alaea: Opfn entire length
and in pajmaMo condition for summer
travel. The road south from Waldportu
via Yaihata and Cape Perpetua to Ten
Mile treelc i open and in permanent
Biddle-Tlller: Open and in good con
dition for entire length,
New York, Aug. 1. There are not a
few difficult problem ahead which
tend to sober the excessive optimism de
veloped since the war cloned. Much at
tention is centered Uon the hvbor move
ment, the demands for higher wage and
shorter hours, the frequency of strikes
and the outlook for the continuance of
this movement. Capital is not unsym
pathetic with the desire of labor to im
prove its position, but appreciate tho
consequence of shortened production
and what will happen when the upward
bined will put a much hctvier lead ap
on the banks than ever before.
Other Pressing Demands.
Another financial problem of great
importance is the granting of foreign
credits, which are absolutely impera
tive for the continuance of our export
trade. Government aid in this direc
tion has beea about exhausted, but local
banker are carefully devising plus for
meeting this situation which will urob-
ably be shortly announced. 1'oreign ess.
change wa strengthened considerably
movement is checked by exhausting buy 'by hope that some atabilitatiou would
nig power, vtpual and labor alike aro soon be established. The restoration
demanding higher woges to meet rising of Europe and the future of our foreign
costs, and both are likely to demand still trade must largely depend upon ima
more as long a the publie will pay, or 'such successful action, and it i for
until abudance take the place of car-tunate that the problem is to be left t
city, which a a matter of fact is the private iuitiitrve rather tfcaa to gev
only real cure. That, of couiae, mean ernment enterprise, finally ttwr ar
work, and more work. the requirements of home busiaem,
Heavy Load Upon Money Market I which are last, but not least. Home -The
monetary outlook i also a aouree terpriae has been deferred for several
of decided perplexity. While banking years, and there is a heavy aceuniula
resource have grown enormously, crcd- tion of new venture a demonstrated
It has also been greatly inflated, and by the number of new capital issues,
the demand for money is growing fust In the Vnited Btutea these (.mounted
in all direction. The amount of money I to 1,1 82,892,000, from January 1 to
in circulation July I, wa 5,R12,0o0,00wjuly 1, as against $8!,i2L',000 at th
compared with 58",0()0,000 a year ago j same time last year. In Great Britain
the circulation per capital new being i the hrw commitment reported were.
Cottag OroTO-DiMton: Open and in
?ood condition between Oottage Grove which owing to an extraordinary profit
spi.xn, as against ru.BU at the same
timo last year. Tho-total deposits of
the national banks, according to tho lest
available statement, were $15,903,000,.
000, an'lnereaso of 1,518,000,000 in 13
months, while loan and discounts in
creased in the same period 'ill,D0i),00ii.
Taxation continue to draw enormous
sum from productive activity, and
there are no sign of relief from this-00,000,OO0 a vear ago, Tho
burden, the government still being the States is also building about
most infliinntinl factor in the money
market. Next come trade requirements,
Lloyd George i tlve greatest of all
politician in a political civilization in and tho u9ston iwneh. (Closed for u. nlile harvest will be exceedimrlv heavv
wnun puDiie men aro all statesmen and. to between this point and Bohemia, during the approaching autumn and
I winter month. Tho larger voluino of
(Continued on page ten) 'trndo and the high level of values eom-
give, must bo acknowledged as the
and saw him deliver n hn nlm,t or. o.-.i:. i- i--; i . . , . . . i luciur.
, " . . . . "louiuui in J uris, I saw B piCKCa Dal TTo Wlluni LIAoA
bauated French tho American inesKge tallon of American soldiers that out- r , . ? ,
of comradeship and lop ehissi'd kny I had ever seen. And when I ...GTal Bl' o oporateJ with ex-
watched him develop step by stey I spoke to General Pershing about ""uru'u"-f "uJr' Pfrnp no, too
gn-ui loice pernap tue great- them, ho n rl! . .iic ui wie ci
est single personal force in the war. lie
is a typical, feiirlcs. agvesaive, pntil
"I have just finished reviewing 1,
B'JII.OOQ Arii'iienii soliliors. No one ev-
One doesn't know where to stop in
With Local Headquarters at
We Sell the
THS SfiTVttJMY BVBSrim POST
...... i. y -r- s. fc,.
t vrtinf C
because we know that it is a quality
product in every sense of the word.
We know that the thirry-onc ) cars'of
specialized storage battery building
cupcnciHc mat is uujic into it is
arantee that its design and construction are right. We know that "Exit'
iuc .-i ourc ocari nssurea an accomn ished fact fur hunArrA h,,.t., ..t .
owners the country over, and that it will do the same for you.
We Offer "Exibe" Battery Service
to all car owners because all car owners will find it a truly dependable and economical
ff"'" ,rs'Snc.d l? Pe longer battery life and better battery performance.
Exl&e Service includes the testing, repairing and rechaVging of ail makes of
tarting batteries; it provides for every individual need of every individual user
of a starting battery.
ExtDe" SERVICE IS ALWAYS AVAILABLE
CI! ACQUAINTED WITH IT TODAY
Starter Service Batttrj Servic
R. D. BARTON
171 South Commercial St.
'There'i an "Exi&e" Battery for moery car"
mast be politician.
Brltlgji Social Unrest,
I'eoplo j" the House of Common
to see Lloyd Ueoe fall, but he always
falls on hi feet. Aiftl matter of fact,
lltcro in uo one in night to succeed him,
and so a radical minister presides over
a rather Toiyish 'government ai in
verted pyramid, but it will topple ome
There 1 a lot of rebellion loo. !
Britain, but it will never come to Bol
sheviBtn. There will be a alow revolu
tion that will chang0 economic oondi-l
tion and throw off. the oppression of'
social auiocracy in the freest of tho po
litical democracies. There won't be
such really beautiful arUtcruts or such
pitiful lower classes, but the average
will be higher.
Iu many ay American and Iliilihh
are the same breed. We will get on to
gether. Hut we mustn't sweetheart each
other. Neither will stund it. In America
wo will best keep friends with tho
healthy selfish British by lookin2 out
for ourselves, just aa they do, God bless'
Preparedneaa for V. S.
Particularly, we must have jut bie
a navy as they or anybody else ho. We
owo that to our self-respctit, as well as
to our coaHt line. They must scale down
or we scale up. Without navaj equality
this foolish old world won't pay much
attention to our desire for justice and
The kind of altruism which the old
world siugecat admire ia altruism with
a kick in it. Good advice without a narv '
is mere impudence. We musn't otfend
our i-.uropeun friend in this way.
Then we must have universal military
training ami service, not only an a pro
tective peace measure but is a measure
to promote American citizei.ship and
ureserve the spirit of American nation
alismthe real victory won br ua for
ourselves in this war. j
Tavors League of NaUoo.
I began last autumn by being for
thcao things only, said against tho Lc-'
gue of .Nations, but I have born drawn
toward the broad view. I want to see
America go out into the world and kelp,
not so much for the other a for our
selves. Tht' the way to ke-p ourselves
alive. There have been nation almost
at great as we. Most of thm died front
the ingrowing and dow breeding it
ferts of narrow elfishneaa. It's be
game in thi country to try the olher
plan nnder the enlightenment aad afa
leadership of the man was ia today ev
erywhere recognized aa the world ' lead
er Mr. Wilaon.
WOODBTJKJI DOCTOH ILL.
Dr. L. W. Otiisi was take UI the lat
ter part of lest week and hi eons. 8.
I. and Joan and daughter, Mx.
Arthur fiegoer, ram up itna Portland
to we him. 8. L Guis remained over
until Monday when he areomraaitd
hi father to Portland f-r trratment.
Accompanying those from Portland
were Mrs. John Guis and Mr. Keener.
They were guests ar the hem of their
brother, H. l tuis, aad wife. Independent.
$$ Don't Let ea Renin K
5$ Kecp'ealallieGrcle j?
about t.'ltiO.OQO.OOU, compared with 3-V
000,0(10 in 1917, for the first air
months of the calendar year. Revival
of home enterprise alone will require
enormous sum of money, espocWIy foe
raiirouds, shipbuilding and structural
work. The principal cities report $.120,
000,000 of building permits for the fiist
five months of this year, eompaied wltK
cent of the new ship tonnage usder eoa-'
structlon. Ordinarily busineim require
ments are somewhat el:;tie, but ao fc-sa
insistent than those above mentioned.
This year they will surpass all record
(Continued on Tags Tea.)
Geo. p. Halvorsen & Co.
have taken over the Marion Garage and will do a gen
eral garage business. We are agents for the Oldsmo
bile and Franklin automobiles. Also will have full
line of parts, supplies and repair shop.
Service with a smile is our motto.
We solicit yOur patronage by business methods.
GEO. E. HALVORSEN, Mgr.
2a'5-2:6 S. Commercial St.