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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1919)
' 5250 (EOLATION
(23,00 READES3 DAILT)
Only Circulation, ia Stka Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
VALLEY NEWS SERVICE
TTT .1 r
Oreon: Toaicat sad Thtir-
dsy fair west, fair sd cooler
east portion; ;;er.!'n wctetiy
FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 166. EIGHT PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 16, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OX TRAINS AND NKW
STANDS FiVB CNt
ft (1 .flii (1
wwauL:,:. ...... -
PRESIDENT TO INVITE
TO CONFtON LEAGUE
Fifteen Opponents of Pact to
Be Interviewed; Debate of
Covenant Held Up.
: . j
Washington, July 1ft President Wilson is preparing
to invite a number of leading republican senators to con
fer with him on the peace treaty and the league of nations
covenant, it was said at the
The invitation to the republican sen
ators 13 of them who areto be re
quested to call oil the presidiut wan
considered in line with Wilson's policy
of making himself readily accessible to
all member of congress.
It was belie ed he would take the
republican! into hit confidence walk re
(aril to the proceedings at Paris unci
thus seek tu weaken oppositiou to the
M-aee treaty and the league of nations
in the senate.
Senator Puiiiercue, member of the for
eign relations committee, will make an
early cull on the president, it was stilt
ed. Federal Investigation Of
$100,000,000 Food Com
bine Under Way In Chicago
Chicago, July 16. (United Press.)
Federal investigation of an alleged
1 00,00(1,000 food combine here was un
der way today by Charles F. Uyne, Uni
ted States district attorney, and Walter
B. Wooden and Attorney diaries F
Moore of Washington.
Clyne snid there was evidence of a
great trust of- producers, canners and
distributors operating In this leiritory
and extending its activities to all parts
of the country.
This combination, Clyne saiu, coi.trols
peas, beans, tomatoes, asparagus and all
kinds of canned fruits, vegetables, milk
and meat. Impetus was given the In
vestigation by receipt of word that no
tice had been sent out of a 15 per cent
increase on future deliveries.
Clyne snid he hoped to hsvc the fed
ernl trade commission from Washington
here next week to assist in tiie investigation.
Fruits Vie for Predominance
With Agricultural Products
In Districts Close to Salem
If any one should happen to wnut in
fni nation as to where wheal, corn cr
ont are gionn in the county, or what
is the fruit section, all that would be
necessary world be to ca II at the of
due of P.en F. West, county is-essor.
The fruit and berry interests, as well
as the agricultural interests decided
snme time ngo t lint it would be a fine
thing if there was some vital statistics
tu show just wliHt was growl in Ore
jinn. There was a desire on the pnit of
the fruit niiu Ui have a true eMimute
o' Oregon ' fruits, especially as abou'
."et per cent of Oregon's finest is sent
east under California labels. Hence, the
law requiring assessors to gather agri
cultural and horticultural statistics. '
F. M. Lick had one of the big Jobs
ENTIRE CREW BELIEVED
LOST IN EXPLOSION OF
BLIMP OVER NORTH SEA
London. July 16. Search was being
made today for the erew of the Brit
iik airship XH II, which was blown up
during a flight over the North sea last
night. All were believed to have Wen
lost. There were two officers and ten
The airslitp was attached to the mine
weeping fleet. Persons living on the
Norfolk coast d-r!are.l they heard a
series ff esplosion and saw burning
debris falling info the sa. Jt is be
lieved the airship either was struck by
lightning or developed engine trouble.
The ship lift Piiiham. where the K-34
and R 33 are s'ationc d late last night.
Until the K34's recent record of 1IW
hums and 10 nvnute in the air, on her
trans Atlantic rrni-e. the NS11 held
the record wilh l"4 hours of cfntinu
W lute House today,
Cham be slain Invited.
Wilson also invited Senator Chamber
lain to the White House. Significance
was atached to this, as ill feeling was
reported to. have existed between the
president and thp Oregon senator since
Chamberlain denounced the govern
ment's military policy during the war.
The president's first offer to te!i the
senate, through Its foreign relations
committee, the inside facts ii connec
tion with the peace settlement, was
made in his lust speech to the senate.
This proposal was reiterated through
Senator Hitchcock, who said Wilsou
would receive members of the commit
tee on 24 hours notice.
No response was forthcoming from
the committee and today's r.ii::outice
meat at the White House rokvillcd.
Portland Asks Visit.
Announcement of the itinerary of the
president's nation wide speaking tour is
evidently being held up until tho bust
nos of telling the senators about the
Paris proceedings is disposed of.
Francis B. Harrison, governor general
of the Philippine Islands, called on Pros
ident Wilson this morning and discussed
with, him affairs of the Insular govern
ment. Governor Harrison said ho plans
to return to the islands on the first
ship that sails.
Seuator Chauiberluin asked the presi
de Lt to include Portland, (Jr., in his
An armistice prevailed today in sen
a'e debcte over the league of nations,
while leaders on both sides prepared for
resumption tt hostilities tomorrow.
Hitchcock Seeks "Dope."
Senator Hitchcock, administration
leader, who was prevented from seeing
President' Wilson yesterday by the
stormy session on the league, hoped to
(Continued on page three)
as deputy assessor, as be was given
what is known as the Like Labi'h
country, including Chemnwa and
Isrooks and extending south to the
state fair grounds. This is on Salem
rural route. ttt in T. 6 S. R. 2 W., and
the district contains ,10,000' acres.
Here the grain interests do not pre
dominate as farther north in the coun
ty. Fruits and berries are claiming an
acreiitre, with a general ;divcrsi ied
Of the SO.GOT, acres da this dislrict
just north of .Silem, including Onin-
aby, Brooks, Chemawa. Hopuieie and
Wacom, and north almost to Wheat
land, there is 39L'4 acres planted in win
ter wheat, over 12 per cent. Hpring
wheat claim 14S1 acres, with outs as
the second largest crop with 3"-l seres
over 11 per cent.
In barley, out of the 30,000 acres in
the district, there is planted 3n7 acres,
rye HI, and 110:t acre in eorn. There
is 45 acre in alfalfa, l.VMl acres in
bay, 814 in potatoes, 31 in 'pea and 57
This is in one of the fruit districts
of the county, s there is l.'U acres in
bearing cherries ."SO acres in bearing
applea, 173 in peaches with 34 acres
coming oa, and 4.19 in pears witba's'
Coming into this district from the
north, it i BOticable that this is get
ting into the prune section, as in this
district there is W2 acres planted in
prune already beshug. with ln.t acres
n.n lifsriig. This Is also a walnut dis
triet the acreage is in bearing
with I't acre's aon bearing.
While in the northern part of the
county but little sttei tion is given to
the b.gsnberry industry, here we find
numerous loganberry tracts, the total
acreaiJ b'ing 4!M! in Bearing with 72
a re recently planted. Strawberries
(Oootiaued on page tno)
BOLSHEVIK SILK WORMS
AND PLANTATION HANDS
CAUSE. TOHTER SKIRTS
New Turk, July IS, SkuU mil be
.hortor this fall, eves, if the pockets
ksveto He moved north.
Either that skinnier much, much
The dress fabric buyers, meeting here
are oue in saying it has to be doue, for
there ia't going' to be enough cloth to
gor around. If some one mti.ts on
eight yard scenery, they say, somebody
else has got to stay hoiae.
And alt this because:
7 The silk worms have joined the
2 Planters are growing watermelon
or something instead of eotton,
3 Wooly lamb are breaking altitude
4 Ho who toils Is getting to be an
But this only scratched tho suifaee
for it was flatly predicted by manufac
turers there will not be enough mater
ials for five years. Consider the possi
bilities of this it there is an annual
Fur men here for the anual million
dollar auetioi are less pessimistic for
tunately. The fur market is strong,
they say, with, everything from weasels
to silver foxes in demand.
Just now the girts are wenriug lots
of marten, it wis reported, the temper
ature having reached the' nineties.
Marten is aot au fait under SO degrees.
FRUIT SHIPPERS OUT
TO KIIIJIGH RATES
Interstate Commerce Commis
. sion Opens Hearing In
Portland, Or., July Hi. (Cuited
Press.) With more than a dozen at
torneys and examiners assembled to
urge or to fight the proposed radical !r-
ereases in freight and incidental rates
for the shipment of north weslcn fruits
to esstcrti points, the interstate com
merce commission today opened n hear
ing in 1'uited Htste district oourt cham
H. C. Dearborn of the Pacific Fruit
Express was the first witness called
before Examiner Marshall. Iln spent
the entire morning session on the wit
ness stand under direct aud cro,s ex
amination on technical subjects.
Many of the prominent fruit growers
and shippers of the uorthwc: t aie at'
tending the bearing.
Officially the Fruit Growers Agency,
Inc., is currying on tho fight against
tho proposed increases.
The railio.vl aJiiiiui.stratnui will base
its contention for adeances of from SO
to 35 per cent on claims of additional
Such shipping agencies (Is Hie fiyan
Fruit company and tho 'Vakimti Valley
Traffic & Credit association will show
to Examiner Marshall, they declare,
they operated their own heating and re
frigeration svstem when the railrond ad
ministration ciuld not or would not fur
nish proper c.rs, at a much !es cost
than that the administration lias ap
plied in its new tariffs.
Tudor cross examination Dearborn afl
oat ted Hint many times when his eof
ordered "dry" or un-ieed csrs
the rr.ilroa,l administration they
were delivered at the bunkers half full:"' l'aris American military police,
of lee. This was taken as ev.dence of,1""' 'e more """ P'oved by testi
great wastage. mony of witnesses Called by the special
Dearborn declared that the basic cost committee of the house," Represents
of Ice delivered to the bunkers of his;ive Dallinger, Massachusetts, said to-
coinpa iy a cars had increased irom sj.uuj-
(Cunt'ntied on page three)
FLEET SCHEDULE ON
Portland Nat Included In
Stops To Be Made By
Washington, July 16 (United Press)
The Pacific fleet will sail from Hamp
ton Koads July 19 sad will arrive in
Panama July 5, Saa Diego August 7
and Saa Fraaeisre August 15 and at
Bremertos, Wssh., September 15, the
navy department announced todaq.
The complete schedule is. Leave
Hampton Kusd July 1ft.
Arrive Psasms, July 85.
I-eavj Penama July tS.
Arrive San Diego August 7.
Leave Sao Diego August h.
Arrive Ssa Pedro August 0.
Leave Saa Pedro August 15.
Arrive Sau Francisco August 15.
Leate Ssa Francisco August
Arrive Honolulu August 29.
Leave H inoiolu September 4.
Arrive HJi (Hawaii; September 5.
Ij-ave HU j September t.
Arrive Breaiertun, Wash., September
Chicago Tribune Etcrial Gt-
d In Million DGorSst
UYEY TILTS FEATURE
OF CROSS EXAMINATION
Auto Manufacturer Afeks He
For U. S.
Mount Clemens, Mich., July 16.
The Chicago Tribune today sought to
prove Henry Ford ad "ignorant ideal
ist" in the manufacturer's million dol
lar libel suit against that newspaper.
Attorney Stevenson cited a Tribune
editorial in -which Ford was called an
ignorant idealist" saying he wished
to prove the statement true.
"Suppose I should admit I am an
gnornnt idealist " 'Ford asked.
"Then 1 will admit also and "drop
the subject," (Stevenson said.
' Did vou ever hear of Hone diet Arn
old f" Stevenson asked.
" Yes," said Ford.
"Who was hef"
"Would you be surprised to find h
was nil American general and a trai
Stevenson next took up John Andre.
and asked Ford if he had ever heard
of him. I'.f.on getting a negative reply,
Mevensou uegnn a K'ngtny tustory or,. ,,k.. i,r .u,,, ar res.
Andre. Despite ob jections, the court l-!
lowed him to proceed.
Ford admitted h . sever .Us d hraril
''And you assumed to educate the
American people, didn't youf Stev
4 Vou might any so."
"Do you think you should have un
derstood what you were talking
about f "
"Yes," Ford answered.
Ford was asked if he considered him
self a murderer because he manufac
tured vast amount of war munitions.
"I was one of the helpers in murder
in 1917," he answered.
'Arc you in favor of absolute dis
armament " Stevenson asked.
"Not for the I'nited State alone,
but for she whole world, yes, " 'Ford
"ou also used the word treasonable,
calling men preparing for war trait
"We were not a! war at that time.
(Continued on page four)
Cruelty To Americans In
French Prisons Charged
Washington, July 16 (United Press)
' ' The charges brought by me last hat-
"day of cruelty to American soiuiors
within Iia.icc, caught in the web of
Me vera i
niiw nlil'mrH wlin knit
been confined in prison camps neai
Paris a id in what was called toe
tilo' 'in Paris, told the committee
about iift-tances of cruel treatment.
How do vou suppose anarchists ei
fell in with soup boxes? Th' Laitenlers
have all gone t' work, but th' reformers
don't seem t' hive found si.jtarj t
suit 'em yet.
if - .
LABOR OFFERS SOLUTION
OF RAILROAD FROBLEIS
IN BILL BEING FRAMED
Washington, July If (Pnitcd Tress)
Labor will present its solution of the
railroad problem in a bill to be intro
duced ia congress shortly, according to
representatives of the big four biother
hooda. labor 'a plan provides for.
Government ownership with guaran
teed interest return to bond holders.
Operation by a board computed of IS
directors, five named by the president
to represent the public, five represent
ing railroad executive snd five repre
. tiuul division ef earnings between
government aud employes.
Full tontrol of rates by the interstate
commerce commission. Rates to be
scaled dowa to keep government earn
ings within five per tent of gross oper
Wages to be fixed by the board of
Although the senate interstate com
merce committee is at work on a, sola
tios of the railroad problem, Chairman
Cummins said today it would be nearly
two months before a bill eould be laid
before the senate.
OLCOTT NAMES BOARD
TO OCT ACCIDENT
Employers, Employes And
State Each To Have Three
Representatives On Inves
Governor Oleott today nnnouneen mi
personnel of the committee which will
investigate tho Industrial accident com
mission. This committo is to consist of
. . . . .,
ommended bv the industrial associatlo
of Oregon as representative of the in
tcresfs" of the employers, three by. thaUia and Hudapest .allied
state federation of lnbor as representa
tive of the interests of tho employes
and three were appointed by the execu
tive as representative of the Interests
of the people of all the state. Tho se
lection of the committee Is made con
siderably In lino with the law ei eating
the industrial accident commission,
which provides for three cnmmissione'rs,
one trt represent the employers, one to
represent the employes and one to ri-'f"
resent the people of tho stato at large.
The investigating eomniitleo ia to be
made up as follows:
Femplovers F. A. Douty, president
Multnomah Lumber & Box company,
Portland; A. O. Labbe, vice-prc.-.ident
Willamette Iron & Steel, Portland; A.
C, Dixon, manager Booth Kelly Lumber
Employes Frank flreen, 451 Simpson
street, Portland; J. H. Rreoks, (1JB Fast
0th street North, 'Portland; Sandy Mr
Lain, 615 Cosbie street, Pendleton.
For the state Robert H. Gill, editor
Four L Bulletin of Loyal Legion of
Logger end Lumbermen, Portland; C.
K. Apperson, president MrMutillP Na
tional bsi k, McMinnville; H. J. Over
turf, manager Bend Commercial club,
The governor arrived st a determina
tion to call for an investigation of the
affairs, of the accident commission a
number of weeks ago after several reso
lutions had been received in the execu
tive office asking for such nn investi
gation and after W. A. Marshall, s
j member of the commission iUeif, had re
queste.i tnnt yie executive o. . r ,...,
(Continued on page three)
INCOME OF SOUTHERN
Subsidiary Companies Add To
Total, Only One Reporting
New York, July Id. Total net in
come of the Southern Pacific, ilailway
company for the year ending Dwcmlm
31. last, was 111,313,232.53, th annual
statement of the board of directors,
made ptibli here today, announced.
Sub.diary eoinps'nies added mater
ially to the total, with the exception
of the Oregon and California Railroad
company, which ihowed a loss of flrt4,
Net income from the Phoeuix snd
Katcrn rsilrosd company ws only
fi.84. The Marion and Linn county
company returned 'i03.0; Morgan's
linisiana and Texas Railroad and
.Steamhip company, 626,131.!M; For
Jtersville (Northeastern, l 1,050.47;
Southern Pacific Coast, 2SO,41.lV;
Southern Pacific Terminal
?WM7.'H: Texas and
J2.H;!j.W; Tucson snd Nogale",
BATTLE FOR CONTROL
Elimination of Bolshevik Men
ace Through Armed Strug
gle Viewed as Likely.
Paris, July 16. A final armed struggle between the
allies and the Hungarian Reds, with Vienna as the sup
reme objective, was foreseen today. The allies have
reached definite conclusions that central and southeast
ern Europe is menaced by a wave of bolshevism. It was
declared today that unless Vienna can be saved from the
bolshevik and permitted to. become the capital of a stable
government, the peace outlook in Europe will be dubious
for years to come.
Tho bolshevik! apparently realize ss.the Rumanians were the offenders snd
fully a the peace commissioners the
supremo strategic importance of Vicu
na. iCoiuioqiiently the Hungarian sovl
ets wcro reported to be staking every
thing upon a final effort to establish
a soviet republic in Vienna similar to
their own before the present govern
ment succeed in signing peace with
the allies and placing itself on a solid
Vienna Strategic Point
Should the Soviets realize their ob
joetive, it was asserted in allied quar
ters, they would possess in Vienna a
geographical and political radiating
poiut from which it would be possible
to extend their influence into Slnvaniu,
Italy, Switzerland, Havana, Bohemia
According to dispatches from Vlen-
have sent special courier to Paris, ask.
iug the peace conference to adopt im
mediitely the most drastic, measures.
That Marshal Foeh ha begun to col
lect military information aliendy is
D'Esperay to Commaud
Budapest dispatches also indicated
today that a comlsined allied offensive
under General D'Ksperay, was expect
The Humsnian, 4'xeeho-Hlnvakis and
Polish armies, vfith French and Italian
contingents, are rendv for action, it
was said toilav. Meanwhile Swiss dis
patches announced the Hungarian reds
werp being reinforced by Russian so
Bela Kun, Hungarian soviet leader,
lins been warned by the allies that for
eign securities in Budapest must be
respected. The warning wits the result
of an order confiscating foreign bond
Bela Kun sent a note to the allies
yesterday denying that he was violat
ing the terms of the armistice, lie
charged that the Czecho Slovak and
'RESIDENT AT WORK
ON ALLIANCE SPEECH
Wilson Making Ready To In
ject New Issue Into Sen
Washington, July Itt-d'residcnt Wil
son was understood today to have stsrt
ed work drafting the speech he will
make to the senate In presenting for
ratification the agreement whereby Am
erica and Britain are bound to aid
France against unprovoked German ag
gression. With sejiate debate over the peace
treaty and the leaguo of nations al
ready hot, the president i msklng
ready to Inject into the controversy
issue which probably will increase the
fnverishness of the argument.
Just when he will appear before the
senators with the sgreement i prob
lematical and it is believed depends
largely on the developments in the
present debate. At the moment which
ia considered most opportune for an
other speech in behalf of the settle
ment st Paris, tho president's friends
look for him to go to the capitol.
Before starting on his transcontinen-
(Continued on page two)
Federal Agents Hunt For
"Lost" Films Of Big Scrap
Chicago, July 16. Federal authori
ties todar sought to locate films of the
Demtmev-Willard prize fight, alleged to
'have been shipped from Toledo yester-
Idsy in violation Of the law of
'I.- Superintendent of Investigation Bren
nan was prepared to scire the picture.
asked what action the allies intended
Hays Says League Mast Be
Accepted With Condit?
New York, July 16. Sneaking of tie
league of nation covenant and uhe at
titude of the republican party toward
it, Will Hays, chairman, declared In
statement issued here last night that:
There must be effective reserva
tions, to safeguard the sovereignty of
tho United States in every particular;
the pact must guarantee the Monroe
Doctrine beyond the shadow of a doubt
must either eiiminute article 10 entire
ly, or so modify it that, congress shall
tie murally us woll k.i Jru.U free af
ter a specified period K doeiile whesi,
where and to what extent our sobliers
shall he employed, and must provide
full right to withdiaw from the league
at any time, without hindrance or con
ditions of any kind. ' a
Man Held In Baker May Be
Long Sought Bank Robber
Baker, O., July 1(1. Werd is await
ed from the authorities' at WashonEril,
Wash., which will determine whether
the Jack Lewis in j'lil here lj the ssan
wanted for the robbery ef the Washon
gnl bank in May.
Two Lewis brothers robbed the bank.
In a gun fight at The Oalles the polico
chief there was killed One of the Lew
is brothers escaped.:
The I,cwis held here had a letter
from a Seattle girl which referred to
some trouble he had enperieneed. He
is serving a ninety day sentence for
disorderly conduct, li s photo bu bees
sent to Wnsliougnl.
PERSHING BUSY HAN
AS LONDON'S GUEST
Reception Details Keep Com
mander On Jump Through
London, July 16. General John J.
Pershing, as the guese of tiiiat Butain,
uinli'i look to ciiny out u liei.uou rtu
grnin arranged i'i his honor.
Americun Ambiissudor iHivis wad te
present the Americun commander tu a
number of distinguished Britibh offi
cials, including W inston hun hili, war
secretary; Viscount Peel, under secre
tary for war, and Lord MU:;cr, colon
Luncheon had beetl arranged lor hiss
by tho Americun Luncheon cli;b; hi tarn
afternoon he was to be guest al tha
king's garden party. , At sight be had
ben Invited to attend a British oi'fUiU
dinner at the Carlton hotel, where toe
general and his staff are stopping.
"Welcoming General Persuing ta
London, the Daily Mail said today:
"We do not forget What we owe the
United States, General l'rrsbiug and his
men. In the d;;rk hours of 1IM8, whe
the German legions were driv.ag toward
Psris, General Pershing said U) Marshal
Foch: 'Here are our men, triu.d sad
untrainod. Take them snd use thee.'
This magnificent gesture ef saeiifie
restored confidence from that time ea.
"At Chateau Thierry, St. .Vihicl sod
the Argonne, the Americans played the
essential part in the defeat ef the s
eniy. Their fine courage, their splendid
comradeship and bouuU!e fcft rt
.erves behind the war wora b.ics were