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FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 163. EIGHTEEN PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 11, 1919.
nnrnn rmi'rt nrTTO 1 It alms au hi ,
rxuuij inu stands five cests
:-U n)f iffl Hi ""?m hit
AS PROQFFOR CbSIS
President's Plea For Conces
sions Construed to Mean
Loss of Independence.
Ey L. 0. Mirtla
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washisgton, July 11. Senators the league of nations
today seized on six words from President Wilson's speech
to the senate as proof of their contention that ratification
of the league will rob the United States of its independ
ence of action.
The six words are "at whatever cost
of independent action."
The president used them in declaring
that the world demanded a new order
at international poiities, founded on
freedom and jUKtice. He then added
that it was in the league of nations
tlmt mankind found its only ' hope of
this new order.
Thin the president, anti-leaguers ar
tued toduy, demands that the I'uited
States commit itself to giving up its
independence to whatever extent the
league may deem noeessnry.
Borah Claims Proof
This statement, taken with the pres
ident's assertion that the United Slaies
Ss legally bound to accept the advice
of the league council, proves absolute
ly what tho proponents of the league
have denied, said Senator Borah.
"They have insisted that we Be un
der no lejrnl obligation to act on the
league's udvieo utile we' feel honor
compels us to. But the president 'clear
ly views tlio situatiou differently."
Opposition senators were actively
preparing today to carry the fight to
Wilson from a new angle. While they
Portland Man Is Drowned
While Swimming In Current
. Portland, Or., July 11. C. E. Likens
was drowned Inst night while swimming
lit a bathing beach on the Columbia
Likens, who wus a returned soldier,
misjudged a strong curreut. Apparent
ly he wss not a good swimmer. 'Iwt
young women companions wen rescued.
Trotsky Is Creative Genius
Behind Bolsheviki Army
By Praak J. Taylor.
(United Tress Stuff Correspondent.)
New York, July 11. Creation of an
enormous Bed army, estimated by vari
ous authorities anywhere from two to
four million men. under (iilficulties
which have scarcely been equalled in
history iWh feat which the bolsheviks
have accomplished. The Russian Red
r.riny is a huge effective force ciosely
bound to the political organization of
Trotsky, more than any otner Russ
ian, is the genius behind the Kid anny.
He has mobilized every man of military
age at the present time, and spends his
ulir.nst boundless e icrgv gon g from
front to front re organizing uud enthus
ing local lenders. Trotskv is Russia's
"man of iron."
The bnUheviks have orermoKliicd In
the opinion of many who arc informed
as to the actual situation. Tins is prob
ably a means of preventing unvir.ploy
ment and discontent, though ultimately
it makes Russia 's economic situation
The bolsheviks eel coifidei.t th:.t no
outside army can take Moseow. For
Petrograd thev fear. Its fall would be
a tremendous moral blow to boisbivism
it is recognized by bolshevik leaders,
but they hold that the ecouo;uie prob
lem confronting them would be i.atc
iallv improved, since thev would be ir
lieved of the responsibility for feeding
The problem confronting Field Mar-
sh a I Trotsky is not manpower, but find -
iug cannon End locomotives. Most of
the soldiers have rifles, wi.ich they
proudly display as American Make, bnt
artillery to support the infant.- is rack
ing. At present the bolsheviks make
up for the shortage by dragging guns
from one front to the other to n-.cet at
tacks. This dismal's the food depart
nicnt, which is losing its transHi ttion
tn the bolshevik war departrrurt.
Fiist hand acquaintance wil'u tiic bol
ehrvlk arier soon convinces one thnt
have previously centered their opposi
tion on article 10 of the league cove
nant, they are now preparing to make
the Shautuug questiou the first test of
Fight Takes New Turn
The first step in this direction was
the Borah resolution requesting the
president to furnish information re
garding the reported protest of Lan
sing, l.liss and Vt lute, the other three
members of the American pence dele
gation, against giving Japan control of
The president's opponents believe,
they said today, thnt thev can muster
their niaxiimum strength on nn amend
ment to the treaty eliminating or alter
ing the Shantung provision. Ik-fore this
can be done, Lansing and, perhaps,
I'rosideut Wilson, will be asked to give
the foreign relations committee not on
ly vcrbai! explanations of the meant! by
wltich the arrangement was arrived at.
but the peace conference day-bv-duy
records in the case.
formal consideration of the .peace
treaty will begin Monday by the for
eign relations cinninit'tee, .Senator
Lodge announced todny. Senate debate
on it probably will be resumed nt the
Arguments Held Back
President Wilson's expression of will
ingiies to appear before the Benate for
eiiju relations committee nt nny time ito
be questioned concerning the treaty
aiil the league was pointed to by those
favoring ratification, ns evidence of
his confidence that the documents can
n.rt ibe successfully attacked. The pres-
(i'ontinued on page two)
dirty barbarians as they are diwribed
in reports. The Reds, so far us the s
dieis concern, impressed the United
Press correspondent as being good
hearted, simple Russian who believe
thev are preventing their countiy lrom
being i ivaded by foreigners.
The soldiers were always ready to
fraternize and were never abusive. A
cigarette insured the friendship of uuy
of them. The Russian soldier Duffers
from lack of cigarettes. He wives bits
of newspapers or any other kind of pa
per, and rolls up anything thnt will
smoke. "With a carload of Aimrican
cigarette judiciously used you could
win over the whol" Hiisinu ainiy" re
nVrked one Russian.
The Russian Red bus about the same
ideas in mind as the soldiers of other
lands. As soon as one singles but a
man who can speak a language one
knows, usuallv German, the fiist ones
tiou is "When will there be peace! We
want to eo home. Wo are tucd ol
The nrmv is not strongly bolshevik
iu sympathies. This was failed strong
ly to the attention of the coi respondeat
in conversation with troops near the
front and with others on trains. In
Ponieweseh, corps headquarters in l.i
thuania, a young Lett volunteered to
lodge me over night, until the tr.nn for
Dviask left next morning.
That night he invited a fn.inii, for
merit- a professor i chaive of the
local high school, but now mobilized in
to the armywhere he could be more
closely watched by the bolsheviks. The
two sounded me out carefully, and men
en'-nrd. ned their minds. They thirsted
for new from the outside world, and
wanted to get away fnm the Reds thtt
tUi-r mieht noint out that Bussia
bolshevik by bnt a small ma. gin. Tet
they served as officers in the Ueu army
mobilized because 01 mcir iiou.tr mu.
"We have to serve there ii no o!h
TO AID IN SETTLEMENT
OF TELEPHONE STRIXE
San Franeisro, July 11. Appeal to
the International Brotherhood of Elec
trical Workers to call a aatioa wide
telephone workers' strike and a new ap
peal to President Wilson to act in the
deadlock, were dispatched east today.
These are the nowest development in
the telephone strike which for three
weeks has paralysed telephone conimu
uieation on the Pacific coast.
The Wliforuia Federation of Labor
sent the appeal to Wilson. The tele
grain urged him to "diroet the poatmas
ter general to recognise the right of
thouaaud of girl telephone operators
to a living wage aid their right to col
lective bargaining without discrimina
tion."" The Santa Barbara local sent the ap
peal far nation wide strike to inter
national headquarters. 'Power company
employes ill several cities have placed
a boycott on Sill wo res at the telophone
company. In some cities, they say they
wiH refuse to work on any poles car
rying the telephone company's wires.
Senator Phelan 'Declares
Thousands Slipped In
Washington, July 11 (United l'rcss
(barges that thousands of Japanese are
being smuggled into the Tinted Mates
despite the Lansinglshii agreement,
were made today by Senator Phelan oi
This smuggling explains the fact that
the Japnnese population in southern
California has doubled iu the last three
years, l'helau suid. ,
"When I was in Los Angcks recent
ly eighty Japanese who attempted to
enter this country by being smuggled
over the Mexican, border and were ap
prehended were being deporUd," Phe
lun said.' "i'ut every eighty caught,
two or three hundred come in. '
' ' As illustrating the carefully plan
nerl attempts to overcome the law, J
illicit point out that on Apiil 9 of
this year, five Japanese stowaways
were found oi board the .H. Tnkao
Main, in the port of San Francisco.
These Japanese had been assisted by
the cook nud steward on board the
Tukno Maru. Two pleaded guilty to
violation of the immigration act nnil
were scutcuccd to six inu .Wis ca.h in
the county jail. They stated that, they
had beeu solicited bv Japanese runners,
in Japan, who told them that they
would secure their admission into the
United States on the p:iytncitt of WO
en euch, Itllfl yen to go to the runners
and the other olW yen to the employes
on bun id tlu,' steamship wlio would se
me their landing in the I niteii Mutes,
"i'reuuei.tlv Japanese seamen en-
Uavur tt swim ashore during the night.
la June of last year, Oghi Diniclu, a
seaman on board the steamship Tenyo'
Maru, attempted to swim ashore from
tuat uoal, urn wus cuugm uy imi nmcu
man anrt arrested. An i in est i gauon
lisclosed that this Japanese had writ
ten to Ins brother ana Ins oroiiier-in-
law, who were regularly iu the United
States, requesting their assistance ana
that they were on the dock in nu auto
mobile awaiting the arrival of the Jap
anese seaman wnen no swam u:tnure.
Onhi Diuichi is now being held for de
ntation pending au appeal uo.u no
imminent of the district court ai rsun
Francisco, ordering his deportation, i ne:
case is bei . fought, I am tolu, by the
Japnnese association, which 1 have rea
son to believe is an agency of the Japa
nese government for the dissemination
of Japanese propaganda."
Lem Smiley, who never had a chance
Oa earth, is now a mail clerk on a air
plane. It's been jest a yar since Mrs.
Winsior Ka went t' lt altar sup
ported by her father, aa' he's i"iU sap
j.rtin ' her.
TRADE VITH M
TO EE Eli 800H
Lifting Of Restrictions Awaits
Word Of Pans Economic
Washington, July 11. Trade rela
tions with Germany will be renamed at
once, Acting rVcretsry ef State Polk
Formal announcement will be tussle
to the world within 4s hour. Polk said
The state department wiiH issue blan
ket licenses for trade with Germany in
everything but dyes, potash and chem
icals. Restrictions on these German
products will not be lifted as yet. '
Though trade and communication
will bo permitted, Secretary Polk em
phasized that the United States Is still
at war wth Germany and will be until
this country ratifies the peace treaty.
The tradiug with the enemy act is still
in force, bat the blanket license will
permit trade and communication under
it. .. "
The orders allowing the resumption
of trade was decided upon bwt night at
a conference between state department
officials. The decision is da line with
the view of President Wilson, express
ed yesterday, that trade could he rer
opened as eoon as the Germans ratified
the pence treaty without awaiting for
formal ratification Jiy thin country.
Shortly before Polk't announcement
it was learned that the lifting of the
trade restrictions wiis awaiting ouly
word from the supreme economic coun
cil at Paris.
BREWERS WIN HRST
Railroad Officials Admit Er
ror In Refusing Beer
San Francisco, ' July 1L Han Fran
clsco brewers won their first battle In
the fight against prohibition when in
the federal district court, railroad ad
ministration officials admitted that
certain Southern Pacific officl.ilN erred
when they refused to accept ..u per
cent for shipment.
The case grew out of an attempt by
the iiainicr Brewing company heie to
ship beer to its JI.os Angeles hint for
bottling and tilling. It was pointed
out that there is nothing in the railway
administration orders to prevent ship
ment of wine, beer or other ibiunis if
consigned bv the shipper.
The court held the udiiiismon of errof
was sufficient and an injunction was
Jidge Snwtelle put over until Mon
day the hearing of charges of diy law
violation against Kudolph hornet a:.d
Louis llemrich of the Rainier Bnwina
,on .,mllv following manufacture of 2.75
Nm - ,.., .,.r
FRUIT GROWERS WILL
MEET HERE SATURDAY
. n ; ! i;A
iicmy VlKuiU.vU nKri)Viauuu
Ta Hair naLar( At
IV MWU Umuvi j m
A meeting of the Oregon 'Growers'
inoperative association, recently or
ganized, will be' held tomorrow after
noon at 2 e'c'o 'k at the armory ia Ha
This ansoeiation Whs organised to
nationalize Oregon's horticultural pio
ducts under the Oregon label, to zain
a general wider distribution of Ore
gon's products, to establish and main
tain a standard and to riuee the cost
of marketing and to cut out all unnec
At the meeting Rstordsy sfti-rnoon,
addresses will be given by Isaa 1).
Hunt, Prof. C. I. LewU of the O. A.
O. Holt of Eugene and others tdea
tified in the new association.
The incorporators include the follow
in? who are interested in the welfare
and in the future of Oregon: Isaae D.
Hunt, vice president I .add k Tiltoa
bank; Keymour Jones, speaker of the
1911 house of representatives; . O. Holt
manager Eugene Fruit Growers' associ
ation; Prof. '. I. Lewis, chief of the
department of horticulture, O. A. P.;
E. L. Klcmmer, extensive fruit grower,
Alvailore, Oregon; Ceorge Zimmerman,
Yamhill fruit grower; B. W. Johnson,
secretary Willamette valley frutt ex
change, Monroe; W. E. St. John. PouU
l.is county enmmiiioner, Sunderlin; E.
W. Mattiiers, Amity walnut grower:
Karl Penrey, county fruit inspector
1'ouglas county, and Robert C. Paulus,
manager of the ralcni - Fruit Union,
chairman of the organization commit
tee and president- of 1be Halcia Com
BARGAIN DAY- JULY 12TH
HARDEN MENTIONED AS
Bf Cart D. Croat
(Cnited Press stuff correspondent)
Berlin, Jnlr 9 . (IVIayed) Maxi
milian Harden, c-.litor of IieZukunft
and opponent of German autocracy, is
being discussed as the new ambassador
who will wrestle with Germany's post
war probiemj in Ameriea.
It ia understood that Count Von
Bersstorff, who has played a leading
role ia tha eounsels of the government
for long time, regards Harden as a
favorable man for the Washington post
cxpecially as he entertains liberal
viewa and is believed to be highly re
garded in the United States through
his editorial work.
The Berlin government is eager to
have diplomatic relations restored with
the UiTUed Htates, France and Great
Incidentally the foreign office ia un
dergoing a cleaning out process. ' Dead
wood" is boing weeded out and offi
cials say room is being made for real
merit. (For instance, it lis deslared that
men who have made good in the con
sular fteld horoafter will have a chance
to enter diplomatic positions.
R-34 HORE THAN HALF
WAYHOME AILO. K.
British Dirigible Speeds Ahead
At 60 Knots For
New York, July 11. Bowling along
at sixty knots an hour, the liritish dir
igiMe R 31 was believed to bo more
than half way across the Atlantic on
her return voyage to Scotland, early
Tli latest ri'port received by the
naval radio station here showed the
airship more thau 1000 miles out from
her starting point, Miueola, L. 1. at 11
p. m, Greenwich time (7 p. m. New
York time.) Her position at that hour
was iven as 42.115 north latitude and
")2.4( west longitude. - .
"Speeding at 00 knots for blighty"
she wirelessed. "All's well."
Just before leaving Jtoosovelt field
nt midnight, Wednesday, Major Scott,
commander, expressed confidence that
the B H would make the 13200 miles iu
70 hours. If her present spoed is main
tained she wtill uccnmplish the trip iu
nearer to. She Is taking the "southern
route" with the prevailing winds di
rectly at her .back.
1'ight members of the crew, left be
hind at Roosevelt field to make room
for 4.10 gallons of additional fuel, will
return to Hcotlnnd by steamer with ihn
detachment which assisted American
nffic.nis ami men in preparing for the
K 34 's landing here.
PATTERSON RUmORED AS
NEXT WARDEN, BUT LAW
SAYS HE CANNOT ACCEPT
While no official statement has been
made either by (ioverimr Oleott or Dr.
Mteiuer, temporarily in charge of the
state penitentiary, the impression Is
;nini'd tlir.t there will be no immcttKiv!
haiige in the office of warden.
Dr. R. E. L. Kteiner, wno has been'
at the head of the institution for tome,!
weeks, is proving his efficiency '.here.
as fully as he did at the head of tho
it ute hospital, and the govcjuoi will
be alow in appuintinurfi permanent sue
cessor until most cnnuble man appears
to tahe the place of Dr. Kteiner.
Among the possible appointees who
have been mentioicd in connection with
the position is Heiiator I. L. Patterson,
of Polk ncouty, but, inasmuch n th
constitution provides that nny legisla
tor whs advances legislation looking to
the increase of the salary of
official cannot be eligible to the posi
tion of such officiul, it appear that
Kesstor Patterson is barred, for he was
nehve in the 19ISI legisiatine which
passed a bill increasing the sui...) of
the warden. Among others who have
been suggested as possibilities are
Frank Meredith, Sheriff T. 1). Taylor of
I'ntatillu 'county and foruur Mierift
Ksca of Marion county.
President Wilson Invited
To Visit Salem On Jaunt
President Wilson has been ex
tended an invitation by Govern
or Hen W. Oicott, to stop over
ia HUem on his spesking tour of
the Pacific coast. Announce
ment was made from Washing
ton a few days ago that the
president intended to prcwM
the working of the peace league
conference to the people of tho
country in a speaking tour. l:i
order that Oregon and especially
Sslem might, not be overlooked,
the governor sent the following
"President Woodrow Wilson,
White House, Washington, V. C.
"It is earnestly desired that
the president do Salem the honor
of visiting the capital city of
Oregon oa his proposed liip to
the Pacific coast."
Domination Over Food Sup-
ply of Nation
Washington, July ll.-The
will soon exercise a powerful
food supply and international
less congress takes immediate
the federal trade commission
"An approaching packer domination
of nil important foods In this country
and an international control of inckt
products with foreign companies seems
a certainty unless fundamental action
is taken to prevent It," aays tli report,
which is part one ot the commission's
investigation of the meat industry.
A fair consideration of the course the
five puckers Armour, Morris, Swift,
Wilson and Cuduhv have followed and
the position they have already reached stock.
must lend to the conclusion tliut theyj They produce one-fifth f tha soaa
threaten the froedoin ot the market ofitry's mixed fertiliiser supply; oae-'.ontk
the country's food vndustrles and of I of the acid phosphate supply ; oiis-thlrd
the byproduct industries linked there- of the cotton seed oil supply; nearly
with. ' ' one half of the lnrd compounds and
The commission rluims the packers lnrd substitutes; four-tenths of tha oleo
are fast obtainlmi thoir domination bv margarine supply and three tenths of
manufacturing or dealing in 77.1 com
modifies, largely products and bv gain
ing control of 762, other eompniiies,
many of which are public utility cor
poration. Control 574 Companies.
"The 'big five' j..i..tlv or sepsrntely or "'""Pi
wield a controlling Interest in B74 jcnlvw, and 1.2 per cent of
panics, a minority interest in P.I others! . Mockynrds eontro ed by the hi
and an undetermined interest In Vf've r,,,,,v,e thl; ''"r ,'5.,?" tT
the report said. of the country stock in IDIfl. Cattle,
"The hmtory of the packers growth
is Interwoven with illegal combinations,!
rebates and with undisclosed control I fit y 1 rjn
c,orporii(litns. Tlid comiaissioii urg.nltarjeS tlSapSlil, L
Hill puouciry oi corpornic owuc.niiijij
of all industries
"As to devices for secret control.
there does not exist adnqimto law. In Los Angeles, Cul., July 11 While
its absence unfair, competition may run thousands laughed st Charley CliapHn'a
its course to the gonl of monopoly nndBni(n on the movie screen today, tha
ruin of competitors, without the secret ! Kjnj( 0f niiith was bitterly moiirnir.gr tli
ownership being suspected." Ideuth of his first born son tho bab
The commission's report points ens
the following alleged details of the
Public UtiUtlei Hold. 1
The "biff five." have control of, or
interest iu, public utility corporations.
in Hioux City, Kansas C'it
M. i 'Kill,
Here's A Chance To Spend
Money Yet Save It; Third
Annual Bargain Day Here
Bargain day, like Christmas, comes
once a year, and therefore let us lx'
merry, for Itargnin lny is a day of sav
ing money instead of spending it.
Tomorrow is the third nnnnul liar
gain ly in Hslein. Already the fsr
seeing merchants nf the city have been
preparing for the day, in not only ad
vertising a part of their bargains, but
in arranging tor exira ncip.
It is conceded that when 30 or more
tore, representing every line of mer
chandise, all agree on the same day to
offer bargains, it will be ipretty hard
to dodge them.
And with this offering, there will
days of Ihe past two years when thou
sands came to the city to save money.
For coming to Kalem tomorrow means
saving money. Bargain mean spwiar
price. Kegiilar prices mean higher
prices, and then with the advancing
market, again eomes higher prices.
With tho almost universal use of the
automobile, llargaln day in Salem now
reaches out into distant points of the
vnller. It is worth while to come 30 to
40 milm for the opportunity of buying
even blsnkets at today's prices, for the
advsnce sheet reports received Tester
dav br several merchants indicate sky
1 ' L. i
I k M 1 1. ... HA.wnn t.. 1 .. J
A lew iiitmms " rriT".i, nn.u.i
ing merchants, was just waiting a little
while before fcuying, just wnitinf un
til the prices would go down. Every
body waw mistaken Prices went the
other way and are still going up and
aceording to the best of reports, will
keep on going higher during the fall
! Hence the invitation t come to "a
9 lem tomorrow and do some tiading is
"Bis; five" meat packers
domination over the nation's
control of meat products un
steps to forestall these aims,
today reported to President
Portland. Or., San Francisco, Fort
Worth, Chicago, St. Joseph, Mo., and
Hill City, Minn.
During 1917 they produced 44 pee
cent of the country's totul output f
sheep and lamb shoe stock; 17 por e
of the glove stock; 9 per cent ot. har
ness leather; l per cent of belting and
215 per cent of sole leather. On Jnly
31, 1917, the "big five" had almost 99
per cent of the country s entire bida
the cotton seed oil sonp.
Meat Industry MT-'.polistd,
Iu the meat industry, the sommissioa
stated, the "big five" already consti
tutes a monopoly. In 19!ft they slaugh
tered H2.S per cent of ail cattle, 88.4 per
1 .. a sai a. a ift
(Continued on poga eight)
Hours Old, Is Dead Today
born to Chaplin' and his wife, Mildred
Harris Clmiilin. Death came to tha
child, seventy-two hours nftnr birth.
Chaplin had Wn told by physician
the child could not live and for the last
44 hours of the bnbe's life tho famoaa
comedian never lert me nursory.
just like putting money in one's pock
et. Ix.uk for the Hariiiiin store eard, for
it is t these stores the bargains are f
fered. The specials are at the following
Daniel J. Fry
The Hrmnant Store, dry goods ho.ierr
C. J. Brier Co., dry K"l!i 'a,
men s f urnisiungs.
Sampson Ilros., (2 stores), 13J -Nortfc
Commercial street, drv goods Bud ra
tions. Corner Union and Cossmereial,
Frank r. Kirhier, eompu-m
The Price Shoe Co.
The Booterv, shies for ths whole H
People's Cash Store.
Bnrnes Cash Store.
J. C. Penney Co.
F. W. Woolwotlh Co.
V. 0. Shipley Co.
Hay I.. Fanner Hardware Co.
Halcm Hsrdwsre Co.
Portland Cloak Suit C.
W. W. Moore.
il ile. A Company.
Busick 4 8or.
Bosteia & Ifreenbnum.
Scotch Woolen Wills Store.
Wm. Xcimeyer, drug. ,
Uoth Oroeory Company.
The Wiley B. Allen Company.
Needle Craft Shop.
N. K Brewer, drug store. .
the Heds ore n-l all the long '.carded,
(Continued on ie two)