Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, July 08, 1919, Page PAGE FOUR, Image 4

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CHARLE3 H. FISHKB
Editor and Fublishs
aire or i fie vammi jour
Tl'KSIUY KVhXIXC
July 8, 1919
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Address Ail Communicatioas To
136 S. Commercial St.
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. i. . t- t- CnAiv Cnlnm firorrnn .if srattprprl rrrnrYiiinif ipc nnr? irfrvflSAl offipiPnrv for Hp
Hvprv rrf mill nnrJ sn pnlisf fnvnraVilp fittpntinn hv Pnst-
j master General Burleson and the postoffice department.
cut, nowever we may pian 10 gei tne mgnway, one
thing is certain we will not get it without going after it.
Be it Baker, or Burlescn. Houston, or Lane we must con-
okeoos 'vince, let's get the seige started.
KAISER AND CHANCELLOR.
The offer of Von Bethmann-Hollweg to stand trial
hpfnrp art Alliprl trihiinnl in nl.ipp of Williplm TTnVipn7nl-
lern might seem an imressive act of generosity and renun-
TM 1 1 1
ciaiion. mere may nave Deen some Eucn ieenng on ms
a ? 1 1 ' t il. . m ii
SCBSCBXPTION KATI3
VI'. V Crritr. rtrr Tr K.OO P Month-
tMly by Mil, per jtt
.$3.00
Per Month..
43ei
FILL LtASKU WIKK TKUXiKAl'H BEKJBT
rOBHON EErKF.SENTATlVE3
W. D. Wfd, Kew York, Tribune Building.
W. H. Stofkwell, Chicago, People' Gai Building
THE COVENANTER LETTERS
discussion of the League of Nation! CoreiUDt, article by article,
written by William IL Taft, ex-presideut of the UaiUd SUles,
George W. WickeifUao, fomorly United States attorney general
A. Lawrence Lowell, president of Eamrd University, and Eeury
W. Taft, of tne New York bar.
! . j "
The Deily Cap tel Joarnal earner boyg are injtrncted to put the pepere on tbe f j u- 1 n a
orthVif the carrier dii not do this, misses you, or negieeta getting the pper ; is known to have more decency in his make-up than the
teyaa on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, a. thi i '"'r WJ average Pmssian statesman, as he showed when he ad-1
..n ..turmina vhnthitr or not the earnerg are following instructions I none ., . . , . ,, . . . . .
". . . . . ...i . ....... -,in v.. k. moKaenirfr if the lmttprt npTore tne Keicnstap" tnat tnp invasinn or p mim
1 Deiore i.ou h ciwta wiu . ,"m wi j -j -t o - o o
earner hat missed you. was '"a WTong." But a little reflection results in the con-
THK OM.OXIAIj AXDATKJS
(ii'npral Smuts, in Dt'cemlxM' last, pub
lished a little brorhuri', wnieh he call
ed "The League of Nations; a Prae
t'ial iiftjeation." In it, hi' outlined
his proie: t ct a lrairui, which has btvn
The history of German colonization
is one of the exploitation of semi bar
baioug pvpUe for the benefit of tier
many, without the slightest regard to
the welfare or intorestn of the people
she ruled over. It is, therefore, un
thinkable that hhv o't the African or
very closely followed in the covenant Australasian possessions of Uermany
which ha "been adopted by the peace j should be restored to her, nor is it con
conference in Paris, (ieneral Smuts j ceiva'ole that the allied power should
TUB DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL
It the only newspaper in Salem whose circulation is guaranteed by the
Audit Bureau Of Circulations
ROOSEVELT HIGHWAY PROSPECTS.
elusion that this simply is another spectacular example
e e a? a1 x a1 n 1
oi a course 01 action inai me uermans nave Deen engag
ed in ever since the war went against them namely,
"passing the buck."
Bethmann-Hollweg's offer is probably part of a care
fully prepared scheme on the part of the same schemers
who started the war. He seeks technically to araw at
When the ueople of Oregon at the last general elec- tention from the kaiser to himself For this purpose he
tion voted a bond frsue of $2,500,000 for the construction (chooses to assume sole official responsibility for the
of the Roosevelt hig hway they did so with the belief that a launching of the war and the manner f waging it while he
liKe apinopnauuii uy nif kwiui guvniuucm i.vinu-'.v ..x...
11 .r . . , k, . i u i. a iaji rnu: , i ; ,
forthcoming and that construction work could be started
at once. But such is not the case.
Somewhere, somehow, somebody slipped a joker in
Ihe deal in the form of the clause which provides that the
cost of maintaining the highway shall be borne by the
government. That killed the chance of an appropriation
from the federal good roads fund, which operates under
the proviso that maintenance costs shall be met by the
fctates. And now conies the news that the Hawley bill, de
signed to secure the needed $2,500,000 by direct appropria
tion from congress, has next to no chance of passage be
cause of its pioneer qualities.
There remains one hope for action within the near
future, according to Senator McNary that existant upon
interesting one of the government departments and enlist
thp fitrht. for the nnnronriation. The
senator 'makes four proposals along this line, as follows:
This nssiimnr.inn is nhsurd on thp facp of it. for the
whole world knows that Bethmann-Hollweg as chancellor,
was not at all in the same position with respect to the
kaiser as the premier of Great Britain or Italy with re
spect to the king. Germany was not a constitutional mon
archy. It was an absolute monarchy. The chancellor was
responsible to the kaiser alone he owed no account
ability to the German Reichstag, and offered none. He
was accountable solely to his master, Wilhelm, who boast
ed that he himself was accountable only to God. That
fact clearly puts uon the kaiser the responsibility for the
chancellor's administrative acts.
It's a finp Prussian nlot. The kaiser Dasses the buck
to his chancellor. That is the biggest step. With that ac-
e ii It ii 1
compnshed the chancellor woum proceed to prove ms own
constructive innocence, and pass the buck to some name
less group of militarists or junkers, or to the Reichstag
aior manes iour proposals uiwug nuo nuv, iuiiuoo. .Un.u,.u.u . ---- --o
r,. , . ;i.A t. , l nVint.r Vt n t Jt M-niilfMn rrnnprnl Anil thus if wnnln hp rtflssPfl fin atlfl lllffrlffl
ft in with land settlement legislation bv providing access around until the guilt now centered upon the kaiser was
to loged-off lands or other lands suitable for settlement (dissipated into thin air, and there is no guilty Prussian left
projects. That might interest Secretary Lane and the in- to'punish and point the moral of official criminality.
tC11ScSlta1survey might show that the road could be The big newspapers and magazines 'of the country,
so laid as to make accessible parts of forest reserves and forced to pay a fair rate of postage on their publications
assist in development of forest resources. That might in- under the zone postal law, have combined with the Bol
terest the forest service, and so secure indorsement fromjshevik element of the labor unions to force Postmaster
Secretary Houston and the department of agriculture. (General Burleson out of office. Quite likely the alliance
Third a survey might develop the practicability of i will succeed since no man would care to retain office in
such a road as part of a system of military highways, and the face of such opposition with the press closing all
thus interest Secretary Baker and the war department. ' avenucs of publicity to him and giving him no opportunity
' Fourth a survey miht indicate the linking together! for defense. Mr. Burleson is the strongest and one of the
' " InlJnet tnl.lnnt n-inmf ipi'c P 1'nci Ann f Wiljnn Vina rhnprt rlnr-
vxYVYVVYVy''l'l,-cl' uuimnuuoMu, x v.. -
otigbdbcxJbdw , in c his administration.
RIPPLING RHYMES
By Walt Mason
In the alliance of United States, England and France,
fnr iho nrntoHirm of the latter from German invasion,
(Senator Borah sees a refutation of the primary principle
. .... T 11 11'
. . of the League ot Nations peace, lie says tne amance
VACATION. lis based on the theory of war. Evidently he is not aware
uf the chastening powers of hunger. Or, perhaps, he has
And now the city dweller dreams of forests, moors become so imbued with the "fight" idea that he cannot
and lonely fens, of speckled trout in mountain streams and comprehend a peaceful alliance.
rufous deer that roam the glens. When summer comes
with brassy skies, who docs not long for things like these, A Philadelphia sport writer has made the suggestion
for outings where the mountains rise, or in the shade of that the Willard-Dempsey fight was a fake. Well, if Wil
lordly trees? And surely men who toil and spin for weary lard had to take the beating he got to camouflage a frame
months, and give their" best, when rattled by the city's iUp he is probably thanking his lucky stars that it wasn't a
din, should have one month of helpful rest. One month doal fight.
of loafing in the dells, where Nature does her smoothest,
work, and man would come back wearing bells, to do hi? J The "one big union" idea is to be launched from
s4unt as shipping clerk. One month of camping in the i Butte, Montana, the home of more disloyalty and deviltry
wild, the office, chairs, all left behind, and man would than any other place on the continent with the possible
then be reconciled to his delimit ion. beastly grind. One exception of Paterson, New Jersey.
month of trapping grizzly bears, of citchir.g codfish in '
the sea. of cha.sing bok'ats to thfir liar, and man would doj Quite likely the Missouri senate had someone in mind
the work of three. 1 hough earnestly we workers try to besides ordinary murderers and like criminals w nen h vul-
'il.nn out fine vacation schemes, the cost of living is so
high we have to take it out in dreams. The grocer and
the hutched still insist on having all we earn, so we pass
up the windswept hill the woodland and the brae and
burn. The iceman and the plumber come to tell how they
think we owe; in vain the scented breezes hum, we can't
enjoy them as they blow.
ed to restore the death penalty in that state.
Who said warfare hadn't come to an end? Down in
Peru they have staged a bloodless revolution. Not even
the former president was assassinated.
Sympathy strikes for Torn Mooney may turn out to
be "hungry" strikes for others.
fi
LADD & BUSH
BANKERS
Established 1SGS
General Banking Business
Commencing June ICth Banking Hours will be
from 10 a.m. till 3 p.m.
Hunting a Husbana
By MARY DONGLAS
pointed out that one of the firs! re
suits of the war would be the removal
of oxi:ii!;r sovereignties over the co-
loniul empire of Uermany and the na
tions heretofore under Ottoman rule,
arid the establishment of a group of
new and untried states in Kurope.
With respect to the colonies, he in
sistcil that none of these territories
should be annexed by any of the victor
ious powers; that in their future gov
ernment, any external authority, con
trol or administration which miuht be
no-essnry because of their imperfectly
leveloped rivilizfttion, should exclusive
Iv be v -sted in and exercised by or on
behalf of the league of nations. 11c
nni.ited out tlmt where-vor in the past
joint international administration had
oeeu applied to territories or peoples,
it had been found wanting: that the
only successful a'iininistratioii of col
onics or deix'ndeiK'ies was that which
had been carried out under the direc
tion of one state with sufficient exper
ience for the purpose, lie advocated
administration of the peoples and ter
ritories coining under the jurisdiction
of tho league, by nominating a partic
ular state to act for and on behalf of
tho league in te mutter, and that
wherever possible, this a'ent or rr.an-
rlatorr of the league should he nomi
nated or approved by tho people of the
tcrrrtorv in uucstinn, the decree of au
thority, control or administration to be
exercised Ibv the mandatary state to
be in each caso laid down 'by the lea
gue in a siM'cial a't or chnrter.
Britain 's "Colonial Empire"
During the war, different powers of
the alliance came into the iiossession
of various territories or colonies, and,
it the time of the opening of the peaeo
conference, some of thcaa gave evi
dence of a strong desire to continue
such poRS'ssion for their own benefit.
On tho other hand, Great Britain die-
ulaved a verv sironi: disinclination to
expose herself to the charge of having
waned war to extend her colonial Oiu-
pi re. (ienernl fmiiits proposal iurnisn-
ed a solution of 'both of these difficul
ties, and the principles advocated by
him were closelv followed m articlo
XIX of tho original covenant of 1'aris.
(Ireat objection to it, however, was ex
pressed in SJinc Auu.ica.i quurters, Ui-
on the ground that the league mignt
require a nation ours, for instance
without its consent, and even against
its will, to undertake the administra
tion of some far dis;aut country. The
apprehension was not warruuted by the
miigu.i'jo t the covenant, nut tne re
vised covenant has removed any possi
ble bnsia for it, by exprew'y limiting
the seltction of matnlataries of the
league to those states who are willing
to accept.
and other similar circums:aoeee. In the
case of communities formerly belong
ing to the Turkish empire which have
reached a stage of development when
their ei steiu-e as independent u&tuns
can. provisionally le recognized, su- .
ject to the general assistaiu-e and coa
trol of a mandatary, it is declared that
the wishes of those roinmuuitira should
be tho I'racipaJ consideration hi the s
! lection of a particular mandatary. Oth
'er peoples, especially those of Central
Atnca. are at such a stae or develop
ment that the mandatary must tie re
sponsible for the administ ration of the
territory, under conditions which will
gvniantoe fretdum of eonsiieim-e or re
ligion, subject only to the maintenance
of public order and morals, the prohi
bition of abuses, such as the slave
.fade, the arms traffic and the 4iqur
traffic, and the preveirtiou of the estab
lishmeut of fortifications or military
or naval basis, and of military training
of the natives, except for their owe
police and defense purposes, and under
sich venditions a!i as will secure
eijuul opportunitipg for the trade and
commerce of ether iiien.beis of Uie lea
gue. These provisions should effective
ly preclude the possibility of stick
scandals as the h:s;ory of the C'ougu
stnite affords,
Inteniatinal Stewardship
Other territories, such as Sutilhwest
Africa and certain of the JSouth la
cific Isiniuls, which are coniri.uoug to
ocgtini.ed and eiviiized powers of the
character o ft lie iouth Af rienn Union
or the Australasian t'ominotiweiilth can,
it is pointed out in the revised cove
nant best be administered as integral
portions of the territory of such an ad
jacent nation, and under its laws, suh- .
ject to the safeguards aliove mention
ed, and in the interests of the indi
genous population.
In every instance, the mandatary is
required to render to the council au
annual report of its stewardship, and
a permanent commission is to be con
stituted to receive and examine these
reports, and to advise the council oa
nil matters relating to'the observance
of the mandates.
The United (States is not required,
under the treaty, to accept a mandate
to administer any one of these terri
tories. But. tho direct responsibility!
which it has assumed in the settlement
of the terms of peace may, and prot-a-bly
will, impose upon it the moral ob
ligation of discharging some duty in
this direction. The experience which
hat been gained in the administration
of our Asiatic and other insular pos
sessions should have fitted us for tho
a trust.
turn to the rule of the unspeakable
lurk any of those regions which have
been freed from Ottoman tyrannv.
Not Ready for Self Governments
The African colonies are, anil for
many years will be, incapable of gov
erning themselves. Sneli regions as
Mesopotamia, Syria and Armenia are
occupied by peoples unaccustomed to
iclf government, and' incurable, at the
iresent time, of being entrusted wifh
omplete political autonomy. While
ach of these ciuntries was occupied
y the army of one of the alLied pow
ers, yet, in n general sense, their pes
s'ssion was the result of the combined
effort of the allies, and no one power
is warranted in claiming the right, or
should be changed with the duty of
continued occupation and sole respon
sibility for the government of such re
gions. The suggestion of (ieneral Smuts
mis followed b the peace conference
as affording, a just solution of a diffi
cult problem.
"Sacred Turst of Civilization"
. Article XXII of the revised cove
nant declares that there shall be ap
plied to that problem::
"the pricniple that the well being and
development of such peoples form a
sacred trust of civilization aud that
securities for the performance of this
trust should be embodied in this cove
nant." It declares the best method of giving
practical effect to this principle to be
that the tutelage of such peoples be en
trusted to advanced nations, who, by
reason of their resources, experience or
geographical position, can best under
take this reioiisilrility and that the
character of the manikito tinder which
they should act must differ according performance of such
-u mi! bhixo ot uevcinpnient Of the ' s
people, the eornphical situation of n Inillir r sir IIIIV 1 OTTI
the territory, its economic conditions, BAKU A Li 1Al- JULl
THE TINE rOINTS or T11L CAME., the s 'th linen of the sheet. The
soft silken covering.
I wnked slonlv. 1 bmVed arm...d the i I leaned back Ir.ily on Ii y t rm.
'roe-ui.1 l.ijjht oMivk snid the iittlc What was I Used to? I saw i V. a l
Vntb.r fiun.I . lm k beside mv b,d. lit ere here before me. Tne firkel
l.xiked at the pretty quaint v.ail;t'r. nlarm rlock on my bureau bursid. 1
The fiieplaee n Use white m.iiiti I bold j jumped up angrily. Stuffed it under
two austere candle sticks. Tte pc.f.- t'rny pillow. Just five minute more. I
(I'iM.iMuioiits of the biJi dressec. Thrtdnrcd. I waked with a jerk ' .ir! I
pat dies of piielight on the tt,'. wool had ovcrlept. I pulled bark ry mm
foot. Tien I f. It again with a'i-ht pled sheets. Too late! I must go with
out in v hath. I (Ircsseit. nairioi.iv
tvouslv, pulling off a buttou uc:e us
ing a safety pin in its place. Mj room
is small but neat. One wg.iuJW a
bureau of oak one chair. Hurry, hurry,
hurrv. 1 am on my way to tae office.
Nine o'clock. I slip into the Triliee
luietly. "liood nioruing, iiK-s iue,
i,oil morning. Miss iloiris." iduil
dictation and the clutter, clulttr, clat
lei of mv typewriter. A:i)thei Ui.y ami
I am tlie well oiled machine, running
smoothly on its cogs.
And iiow f Of course I had been uar
a. Hut wasn't this worth ill I suow
my whole year will nut bo made up of
house parties and play. For 1 aai work-
Vjr still. Hut it is a worn mui snau ue
worth while. This game will tulie knowl
edge .cleverness, subtlety. I am the
path of the first I
As 1 turned tne Winer on in
en tub, 1 said anew my resolutions. This
game shall Ik- plnved to u fmisn. -Nu
il.o M. rxiierience of last eveai :g w as
a gooil lesson.
I was bathed. 1 dressed ims.if in a
fresh while linen. Made so simply that
mi one could guess that it was 'ii.'.ile b
me. Trice of material, SiUi i.icnding
hot tons.
I went down stairs to brrakinst. Wil
fred Hale whs there before mv. be was
to !o,ik at i v white .!. ks ind
l,ite hirt. And I felt I, too, f'ttcd
into the picture.
."Let's play together this ii.niniu
he so"g'"t. d, as we left the di.u: g i-imoii
together.
Let's,"! sui'l. 'or hod I nor prom
ised ti keep a watchful eye on i.im for
Jane Alien f Hut 1 thought to myself,
"I do not repeat the mistake of last
night. He sh;iH think me no il'e flirt.
"Shall it be golf, tennis or a swiiiil"
he asked as we looked over the suauy
expanse of green lawns.
Tc'inis." 1 snid at a hazard. "But
?on will have to teach me," Wilfred
Mute kn how. too. He h.ed me
how to hold my racquet. How ti. M-rvc.
"You'll huve a good serve." he suid
after a few trials. So my five yens at
a typewriter had given me a siro g sup
ple wrist!
As we were volleying. I saw Cs-ptain
Donovan and the blue cved "ln " com-
'Jhe Story of the Growth ot the
Salem Bank of Commerce
As shown by a comparative statement of our resources:
June 30, 1910 $07,920.57
June 30, 1911 $144,819.91
June P.0, 1912 $222,124.32
June 30, 1913 $211,302.07
June 30, 1914 $287,273.76
June 30, 1915 $218,020.81
June 30, 1916
June 30, 1917
June 30, 1918
June 30, 1919
$293,928.00
$327,319.15
$429,937.37
: $625,295.98
Salem Bank of Commerce
OF SALEM, OREGON
Report of Condition, June 30, 1919.
RESOURCES.
Loans $262,128.63
Bonds and warrants 198,091.35
Banking House 24,500.00
Overdrafts 1,166.81
Fixtures 2,900.00
Cash and due from banks 136,509.19
$625,293.98
LIBILITIES.
Capital : $ 50,000.00
Surplus and undivided profits 9,220.37
Deposits 566,075.61
ing t iwurd us ever the grss. How
should I Bo-t himf Coolly, fiankly, ot
pstiirallyf I hud only a niowoat to de
cide. (Tomorrow HoMipg One's Owr..
$625,295.98
OFFICERS.
B. L STEEVES President
S. B. ELLIOTT Vice President
H. V. COMPTON Cashier
A. W. Smithers Assistant Cashier
DIRECTORS.
B. L. Steeves, S. B. Elliott H. 0. White
W. W. Moore H. V. Compton
Geo.F.Vick J.C.Perry
WE INVITE YOUR PATRONAGE ON THE BASIS OF
INTELLIGENT, HELPFUL AND AGREEABLE
SERVICE
V