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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1919)
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FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 153.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 28, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS wan w-me S
WHEN ill ENVOYS
China Alone Refuses Consent
to Agreement Patting End
to War; South Africa
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Versailles, June 28. "The conditions of peace are now
&n accomplished fact, the proceedings are closed."
In this brief statement Premier Clemenceau, chair
man of the allied peace delegation, formally brought to
an end this afternoon the ceremony of signing the peace
The mooting, which occupied only 41
ininuti'R, took place in the historic pal
ace of Verouil lea, where the Gorman
0" ipire was born in 1H71 and where its
dream of world dominion ended today.
After the allied delegates hud atscm
Mcd about the horseshoe shaped table,
tlio German plenipotentiaries were ush
ered in tuking their seats at Z:0 p. m.
Clemenocnu aroso and brioflj assured
.the Oermans that the text of the tronty
was identical with that previously fur
nished them, concluding witji the
"I now invite you to sign.."
China Refuses Signature.
The meeting v; convoked at 3:09
fmd three minutes later Foreign Mint
filer Mueller of Germany had affixed
lis signature to the document. Ho wai
loi,ow,d by Colonaal Minister Bel'.. The
program hud boen changed nt the last
moment, the original plans being for
the Oornmns to sign after nil the ailicd
President Wilson signed at 3:14 and
was followed by Premier Lloyd-George.
The signing thereafter was by entire
delegations in this ordcrt
Americans, British, French, Italians,
.Tupanesc and smaller nations. Clemen
ceau signed with the French at 3.23.
The Chinese refused to sign bc.auro of
the Shantung settlement and were not
represented at the ceremony.
General Smuts, representing South
Africa, signed uudor protest and issued
.a long statement explaining his objee-
(ContinueJ on page six)
SUMMARY OF TREATY
Versailles, June 28. The peace treaty has been
The German delegates placed their signatures on
the document at 15:12 p. m. today. President Wilson
signed two minutes later and was followed by Premier
Lloyd-George who signed at .T:17 p. m.
The German delegates arrived at the palace at
3:08 and the meeting was convened one minute later.
Foreign Minister Mueller was the first to sign for
Colonial Minister Bell signed immediately after
Premier Clemenceau, opening the ceremony, assur
ed the Germans the treaty text was the samo.as pre
viously furnished them and said:
"I now invite you to sign."
"The conditions of peace are now an accomplished
fact; the proceedings are closed " Clemenceau said.
The allied delegates remained seated as the Ger
mans departed at 3:52-
The British colonial representatives signed immed
iately the British delegation. General Smuts, of South
Africa signed under protest, issuing a long statement
explaining his objection to the treat)'.
Clemenceau signed at 3 :2:. The Chinese delegation
refused to sign. The Japanese signed at o:.0.
Clemenceau declared the proceedings closed at
3:50, the entire ceremony occupying 41 minutes.
THIEVES ROB STORE
Of DRUGS WORTH $30 0
Morphine And Cocaine Are
Stolen From Schaeffer
Store In Night
The ban en morphine and cocaine
was lifted last night so far as one
pair of ''dope" dealers is concerned
at loa.st. The Schaeffer Drug Store, on
North Commercial street, was entered
by way of the rear door tbme time in
the middle of the night and the entire
I visible supply of the soothing drugs
I John Marr, the merchant's patrol of
ficer, discovered the work of the
, "Jimmy" artists about two o'clock
this morning which indicates that the
burglarising was done between 12 and
2, the period in which he laid off for
lunch. When he made the rounds about
miiliiieht everything was all right and
no indications of crookedness.
It is presumed that two men were
concerned in the crime, as the outer,
steel-covered doors of the store were
closed with a steel bar half an inch
(Continued on Page Six.)
The Great Conflict
1914 July 28: Austria Hungary de
clared wur in Serbia.
July 29:' Austrian began hostilities.
Au:;ust I: Germany declared war on
August 3: Germany declared war on
August 4: Great Britain declared war
on Germany. Germany declared wui on
Belgium. Wilson issued neutrality
August 6: Anstria-Hungary declared
war on Russia.
August 15: Liege fell.
August S3: Jupan declared war on
September 5: Buttle of Manic be
gan. October 29: Turkey declared war on
1915 May 7: Lusitania torpedoed.
May 23: Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary,
October 24: Bulgaria declined war
1916 February 21: Germans attack
May 31: Battle of Jutland.
December 5; Germans captured
1917 Jannury 31: German pro
claimed unrestricted submarine war
fare. February 3: Wilso:i serverud diplo
matic relations with Germany.
February 23: Laeonia torpedoed.
Germans Say Pact Signed
Without Reservation And
Terms Will Be Fulfilled
Versailles, Juno -28. Foreign
Minister Mueller and Colonial
Minister lie 1 1, German' signator
ies of the treaty, today made
the following exclusive s. a le
nient to the United I'ress:
"Wo are signing without
me :tal reservation. Whut we
are signing will bo carried out.
The Gorman peoplo will use ev
ery means to meet the terms.
''We believe the entente will,
in its own intercuts, find it ne
cessary to change somo of he
terms, or they' will se the treaty
is impossible of execution,
"We believe ho e itento will
not insist on delivery of the
kaiser and other high official.
"The central government
will not assist in any attack
"Germany will make every
effort to prove herself worthy
to enter the league of nation. "
GODDESS OF LIBERTY
Alta Johnson Leading Race At
Present; Only Three Days
Tin-re is a constant shifting of the
portions of the candidates foi Godless
of Liberty in the grand celebration
next week, and at this honr (lie win
i.ing candidateii is as uncertain r.s the
weather. For a time the name of Marie
Breitcimtcin wti near the head, but
now is taking third place, while A'ts
Johnson is at tho top owith a lead of
several hundred votes. Evidently her
friends hsve become apprehensive and
have goneto work with new vim. Miss
I.cone Dunham is the latest candidate
to be put forward, and white both she
and Miss tireitenstein have piotestcd
against having their names usd, their
friends are still coming in strong with
the votes. The standing of the candi
dates at the latest report wss as fol
lows: Alts Johnson. 2r.rtf); Margaret Wnlto,
2199; Marie Ilrietenirtoin, 219J; I.ylsa
(Continued ou Page .Six.;
WHERE WERE TOO.'
Where were you whe the
treaty officially ending the
greatest war in tho world's his
tory was signed f TJie sising.
which made the document effec
tive, except for the formality of
mtifiratiun by the allied pow-,
er wis eonrlnded St 7:31
oVIiK-k this morning, fsilrm
April 2: Wilson read war uiewage to
I April 4: Senate passed war resolu
tion. I April 6: House passed and Wilson
: signed war resolution.
April 14: House passed fl.OOu.OOO,
000 war revenue bill.
I June 8: Pershing arrived in Lon
idon. I Juno 2(1: First Amcricsa regulars ar
rived in France.
October 26: First Amorieao entered
November 7: ' Kerensky deposed.
December 8: British captured Jcro
MI 111 LATE
Mueller And BeU Reach Ver
sailles At 3 O'Gock This
ENEMY FEARS CHANGES
MADE IN TERMS OF PACT
Representatives Of Every
Race AriCred Gather At
By Fred 8. Ferguson
(Cnited Press Htaff Correspondent.)
Verse.! lies, June 28. Tho German
delegation which signed the peace trea
ty arrived hero at 3 o'clock this morn-
I ing. It consisted of Foreign Minister
Mueller and Colonial Minis tot Bell.
Thov were accompanied by a small
staff of secretaries.
I An officiul of the French foreign of
jfico obtained the German doleulcs
credentials at 9 a. m. a il took ilu.ni to
'the (juai D'Orsay fur examination. Dr.
I Herman Mueller and Dr. Johann Bell,
Ithe German signers woro still in bed at
10 a. m.
Big crowds were in tho streets at an
The program wr.s changed toddy so
the Germans could sign earlier tli in un
der the original schedule. According
to the new plan Clemenceau, Hilsoa,
Llovd George and t wo Germans will sign
'the treaty at the center table, in the
order numcd. Then tho protocol of the
Khine convention will be signed by the
same delcgntcs at their own sects. Next
nil documents will be takes to the cen
ter table where tho other delegate, will
affix thir signatures.
Dr. Mueller of the German delega
tion ordered a special train to be ready
to start for Berlin tt 9 p. m.
(Continued on page three)
V JU. HIT - "
TIT febr that's goia' f th' dtul i
alius lookiu' er soinebuddy t' go witU
him. Knockers are ' eaten fub'owers
December 12: Wilson issued war
proclamation against Austria-Kui.o'ory.
1918 March 3: Brest Litovsk trea
March 21: Great Britain ottcnsive
began, between Arras and Lal'cre.
May 6: Bucharest treaty signed.
May 27: Germans begun Caissons
May 28: Americans took Cuntigny.
Juno 6: Americans smashed Ger
mans at Chuteueu-Thierry turning
joint of war.
June 11: Americans captured liel
June 23: Austrians driven across
July 15, 16, 17: German "peace of
July 18: Allies began counter of
American took FUmrs.
Allies sniuehed 11 in den-
burg line. -fcteptembcr
St. Miliiel salient.
September 28: Pershing started Ar-
September 30: Bulgarians quit war.
October 31: Austrians routed.
November 1: Turkey granted armi.
November 3: Austrians signed ar
mistice. November 11: Germans signed r.r
mistice. . -.
Ships Of American Navy
Fire 21-Gun Salute As
World WarComes To End
"Washington, June 28, (I'm-
ted Press.) Upon the siMinj
" 'of the treaty, Secretary Dnruci
flashed tho order to every
American imval ship and shore
station to fire a salute f il
Hecretnry Daniels sent the
following message to all naval
.ships aud stations: if
"The signing 0f the treaty of
peace at Versailles ushers in the
t best day in tho history of llio
world since the angels in Loth-
lohom sang 'Glory to God in tlio
Highest and on, Kurth Peace,'
Good Will Toward Men.' Wo
ere living in the fulfillment of
the prophecy. As a republic v.'o
are grateful to have borno a
k part In .rnaking straight jand
plain the path of permanent
pence with justice to tho world.
Upon receipt of news of sign-
ing of the treaty of peace, tlio
most important document in the
historv of the world, every siiiji f
and shore station will fire u sa-
lute of 21 guns with the nation-
ul ensign at each mast head.
(Sigrd "Jnsephus Daniels."
WILSON WILL LEAVE
FOR STATES TONIGHT
President Expresses Appre
ciation To French For
Waihington, June 28 President Wil
son will land st New York and has
agreed to a reception, there, fceeietary
Tumult v announced todsy.
A personal message from the presi-1
deal stated he was leaving Paris ct:
V-.M) t-might and ended: I
Paris, June 28. (Cnited Frew.)'
President Wilson, upon leaving France i
isnued the fololwmg statement! olayi 1
"As I look back over the cve.its of;
the mouths I have spent in Finnre my
memory is not of conference end f.ard
work slo v, but also of iiiMimciahic
nets of generosity and frieod)i:p whirh
hsve made me feel how genuine the
sntimnt of France is toward the peo
pie of America, and how foiunatn I
have been to be the representative of
onr people in the miiht of a i.tttion
which knows how to tAow us kindness
with so niiK-h charm and open rmtni-:
festation of what is in its h.a't.
"Deeply happy as I am at the pros
pects of joiuing my own rnunliymen
again, I b ave France with genui.ie re
gret, my deep sympathy for her jienple
and belief in her future confirmed, my
thoughts enlarged by the privil. ge of,
appreciation wtih her public Inei., con '
Will Of PEACE
III FOR BORDER
Pact Liberates People to Own
Ambitions Declares Chief
News of War's End.
By RoberJ J. Bender
(United I'ress Staff Correspondent)
Washington, June 28. Germany today signed the
Nearly five years after a proud and lustful monarchy
started out to conquer the world, a beaten people today
affixed its signature to the allied bill of indebtedness and
FRUIT UNION CANNOT
SELL BUTTO PHEZ CO.
Temporary Injunction Forbids
Disposal Of Contracted
The first stage of the now noted
cuso of the rhel compuny vs. Tho Sa
lem Fruit Union was reached this morn
ing when there was made public the
conenrrept opinions of Judges Bingham
and Kelly, granting a b'tnpmary in
junction against tho T'lilon. In this
documet the judges have gone into the
matter in a thorough manner And arc
very clear and concise In dealing with
the principles involved. The court espe
cially emphasizes the point tnat the
doctrine of the enforcement of a con
tract mudo for the benefit of another,
relutes to those executed by or.e of the
parties to the original contract, and
imposes no executory obligation upon
Reviewing the case, the court ays in
part: "The Hulem Fruit Unioa went
to the growers and secured 8 to iign a
new contract of delivery, and after se-
(Continued on Page Rix.)
SUMMARY OF WAR WHICH TREATY
Five years aog this day, Francis Ferdinand, Aus
trian archduke, was assassinated at Sarajevo.
His death furnished the excuse for the world war
which ended today with signing of the treaty of peace.
The shots which led to the war were fired 'y Gavrio
Prinsip, a student. He leaped out from a crowd watch
ing the archduke and his wife as they drove by in a car
riage June 28, 1914, and poured a stream of bullets at
them from an automatic pistol.
Shortly afterward Austria made demands on Ser
bia for a hand in Prinsip's trial. These demands result
ed in international complications and the war.
Prinsip died in jail
June 28, 1918 British communique:
English troops advance a mile on a three and a
half mile front on the Picardy front. Australians make
a slight advance in Flanders.
French communique: The French advanced nearly
two miles on a five mile front south of the Aisne.
Italian communique: Artillery firing anl raiding
reported in various sectors.
German communique: The British and French
showed some activity north and south of the Somme."
June 28, 1919. the Germans signed the peace
Word of the signing, fhWied tat
America, was followed by a proclama
tion from President Wilson, Issued at
the White House. It follows;
"My fellow countrymen!
"The treaty of pence has bcon sign
ed. If it is ratified mid acted upon ia
full and sincere execulion of its terms,
it will furnish the starter for a new
order of affairs in tho world, lt is
severe treaty iu the duties and penal
ties it imposes upon Germany, but lt ia
severe only because the great wrongs
dnuo by Germany are to be righted !
repaired; it imposes nothing that Ger
many cannot do; and she can regain tins
rightful standing in the world by tho
prompt end honorable fulfillment ul its
Mors Than Hera Psacs.
"And it is much more than a treaty
of pence with Germany. It liberate
great peoples who have ncvir tutor
been able to find the day to liberty.
It ends, once for all, an old and In
tolerable order under which s.nall
groups of selfish men could one tho
people of great empires to serv their
own ambitions for power and domin
ion. "It associates the free government,
of the world in permanent league la
which they tiro pledged to use their
united power to maintain )ieace by
maintaining right and justice, it make
iuternutional law a reality supported by
imperative sanctions. It doe away
wtih the right of conquest ai d reject
the policy of annexation and suoati-
(Contlduod on page three)
(Continued oa page six.)