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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 25, 1919)
CHARLES H. TISHE
EJitor tad Psbliaher
June S3, 1919
r i ne vapimi j
(Lhc Dailn RMol Ifoitrnal
Published Every Ereninj Except Sunday, Salem, Oregon. number of colleges and universities in France are also
; joiiering special pi lv-iieges 10 yanKS.
Address All Loam asicat ions to Trt il. la ...u. u. nf f:.,;-!,,.,! v;l cnl t-ym-L-
and hence is not eligible for entrance to universities
abroad, instruction in his choice out of seventy-two
trades will be given.
In other words, here is a chance fur a lad to get three
years of military training, three years of foreign exper
ts, ence in the country of his choice, three years of educa
35.tion at something which will fit him for earning a good
I living' in civilian life after his service is over, and his liv
ing paid while he is getting these. The war pay of &0 a
month with 20 per cent bonus for foreign service will be
in force for three years
138 S. Commsreial St.
D!'y. br Carrier, dot Tear $5.00 Per Month-
IMtly by Mail, per year
THE COVENANTER LETTERS
A discussion af the League of Nations Corenant, article by article,
written by William H. Taft, ex president of the United UUs.
George W. Wickeisham, formerly United States attorney general.
A. Lawrence Lowell, president of Harvard University, and Henry
W. Taft, of th New York bar.
which by reason of proximity we sat
ura'ly have a direct interest.
The discussion of this antWle will be
continued in the next letter.
i'ULL LfcAbfcD W1KE TKLKOKAPU BEPUKF
W. T. Ward, New York, Tribune Building.
W. H. Btoekwell, Chicago, People's Oas Building
ARTICLE X tween nations fcr safeguarding actiqn
The Principle We Fought Tor jof the league, by arbitration, by me
Article X of the league constitution diation and recommendation of settle
provide as follows "The members of ment, and bv enforcement of Cove-
tne league undertake to respect and
preserve as against external agres
sion the territorial integritv and exist-
.ml -1 it t. 1 ! Ik.Am... . n v. . . . tl,m Mini, tk. I
las tsmuj tnpnai journal cimir vvjm m9 i.suuticu iu t'u pk'" "
orch. If the carrier dues not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the paper aMS Service.
ta you on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only wsy
we ean determine whether or not the carriers are following instructions. Phone
II before 7:80 o'clock and a paper will be sent you by special messenger If the
carrier has mined yon.
tntr noliticsl imliiin.ltnia F utl ll..
Only young men without dependents will be taken f or j member, f the i eague. In case of any
Mien axKrexniun or in case ot anv tnieai
restraining war until
months after such machinery for peace-
THE DAILY CAPITAX JCTJBNAL
Is the only newspaper In Balem whose circulation is guaranteed by the
Audit Bureau Of Circulations
WOMEN AND - TRACTO RS.
There is no branch of farming which women are un
able or unwilling to undertake. The latest field of agri
cultural endeavor to be entered by women is that of run
fiing big farm tractors and farm power plants.
n il.. 1' -li. i .,J
fcver since me ivansas ngucuiiuiai v,uueg 0f $100,000 conditionally appropriated by the last legisla-
;ts farm motors school it has had women students. ihi3Ull0 Qn , lmncf nvom, i,1Krn,.Qn;,0f:J7 tv,
The Salem Woman's Club is preparing to give a "sil
ver tea" on the capital grounds for the benefit of the
woman's building at the state university. Usually social
events are not particularly matters for editorial comment,
but this is an instance out of the ordinary. The women
of the state, led by Mrs- Geo. T. Gerlinger, of Dallas, have
been working for several years to raise funds to erect on
the university campus a building to be devoted entirely
to the activities of women students. It is one of the great
est needs of an educational institution which should be a
source of pride to every Oregonian, for it ranks high
among the universities of this country in the standard of
scholarship it has attained and long maintained.- These
women workers want to raise $100,000 to add to a fund
year it is graduating four women and expects to have
twenty or thirty more completing its short summer course
preparaory to fall plowing.
Says the professor of farm engineering at the college,
"All the women we have had in our classes do good work,
the equal or superior of the men enrolled with them. They
go at the work in a systematic, energetic way and are
not in the least afraid of grease and dirt. In all trouble
work women are especially good at analyzing the difficul
ty and remedying it."
Most of the women have gone into the work to help
solve the labor problems on their husbands' farms. But
if the need for extra farm help continues and farming re
mains as popular among women as the growth of the
land army indicates, the "hired woman" may come to be
a customary helper in the fields as well as in the dairy and
farm kitchen. '
CHANCE FOR THE GRADUATE.
ture and almost every club organization in the state has
been working hard to this end, the Salem women being
among the last to become actively interested in raising
money to complete the fund. As residents of the state
capital, naturally interested in all state institutions, they
are appealing to the public to put the capital city on rec
ord for substantial support of a great and worny move
ment. The members of the club are hoping that all the
women of the city will co-operate in making the initial ef
fort a success and in this desire they should not be disappointed.
There may be something to Congressman Berger's
complaint that his constituents have been deprived of
their constitutional right to representation. A community
that elects a man like Berger to congress deserves to be
represented by a man like Berger.
Death's sting has been located, according to one of
our esteemed exchanges, since coffins are classed as jew
elry and subject to the luxury tax, as noted in recent
official rulings. But where does the sting come in when
somebody elsp pays the tax?
, Uncle Sam is making a pretty good bid for the ser
vices of the boy who has just finished high school. Uncle
. would like to have 250,000 boys of about that age enlist
in the army for a period of three years. Choice of ser
vice in France, Germany, Siberia, Philippines, Hawaiian
Islands, Alaska, Panama, China or the United States is
Those who choose to go into the army of occupation
will have an opportunity to study in the "khaki univer
sity" and obtain free education, or they may take advan-
i . ! .. i? - -1 - - .1 !,!... 4.. ! IV ....
uge oi exceptional 1 1 ' J ujij nes io aii.i-i ean wmvis tt,mpt to toqch this qomtry for a loan Which indicates
jMulont at Oxford (.ambndfro . Vmwm v of Manches- lh t th . method in the madness of these,pat-
t.-r, University of London or Trinity College. A large ,.: t a
A resident of Washington county, 91 years old, took
an air flight the other day. We imagine that it is only
the natural thing at that age to prospect the route to
heaven and see nothing so very remarkable about the incident.
President DeValera of the "Irish republic" will at-
Deitz, the famous football coach, is trying to legally
establish the fact that he is an Indian. The average man
would fight if you called him one.
Loganlverries seem to be out after the prune price
record. Nine cents in the open market and still going up.
By Walt Mason
HARD TO PLEASE'
If a man is not contented with this gold old world in
Jane, if his aching grief is vented in a pessimistic tune,
hi is hopeless, he is chronic, he is full of prunes and bile,' Another aviator in ftown ;now. These high-flyers
fnd there is no earthly tome that will brace hmi up to . will soon be too common to attract attention,
anile. For in June the world is gaudy, everything's a .
eight to see, and the mansion and the soddy should alike f
lk full of glee; and the schoolboy should Ik1 beaming as j
along the road he swings; and the grandsire should bet
dreaming of a lot of pleasant things; and the farmer with
his horses should explain how good he feels; the mortician,
with his corses should be kicking up his heels. There is!
nmething out of kilter with the sad desponding loon who I
will let his sorrow filter through his countenance in June i
If a man is grim and sober, shy of happiness and vim, on 'n
a bleak day ui October, I can sympathize with hun. If a
man is for from merry, if he mutters a "Gee Whiz," in p ""Vtl't" "viu ""oili"1111"
the blast of January, I can mix my tears with his. If the ...ijj' w ht "h"'.1 b" . nr ! on,,,, i,
language hed dismember, seeking words that scar like mn,,,,1 liim l'v v,'j
; 4t,n t;,i. iu nn,.,u t .... "' ' letter!"
nil, in mi; imuuic ui aiv.i-iii.-i , van nun nun an a ivwu. "Well I am j;!ml for her.
But this rosy month is waning and I'd give no picavune'mh u fr the obii,tv
for the man who is complaining in the happy days of June, r 1 h"ve h?r'' 0,,.hini te ' de" ,M r,k vvn u ,in "B ho"r'
THE PROMOTER'S WIFE
.BY JANE PHELPS
AVIS1T FROM TOWN ITJEND3 .t live out her life with a mn for
!uim xlits due unt rare; to live alwav
"te !,:! letter (.,.... a em.i.tes, 1 ' ,ovig
HUM III .-sell win'll lie came iiuiue. . , ... , . ,
ml in she is funniest now, men
tiuuuiu (lie ii :i me ut an liuliiin
tug anvthiiij; of the happiness we, and
r trtiter ot sm n aj,;re8-ioii, the conn
eil shall aitvise upon the meant tiv
which the obligation sliall he falfili-e,l."
The law of the league with the sane
t.ion of the power of th
rorhiiU the violation of the interna
tional romiimiiilmeut, "Thou sliult not
steal by force.'' it is the embodiment
of the prineiple than wc entered anil
fought this War to maintain, it is the
answer 1T itho lierman doetrine an
nouncivl through its philosophers its
military writers anil its avowed poli
cies, that "might makes right." It is
the denial of the piiuciple which tier
many set forth in the summing up of
her whole imperial purpow, that eon
quest by force w is essential to the pro
gress of Mod's world, anil that she was
His ins'riiment in such conquest.
We are met by the objection thiit the
t'tdted States should not bind itself
not to entend its 'beneficent influence
in the work of civilization through con
quest. Hucli objectors nrguo that in this
way the I'uited tate has extended its
useful dominion to the present borders
of Mexico and to the I'acitic ocean. If
t lis argument is noiind, then the Unit
ed States should certainly not enter
the league. If we yield to it, we ought
never to have entered upon the. war
against Germany. Tho argument is not
in the slightest degree to be distin
guished from that of the Merman l'hil
usophers ati military men whos pur
pose (rermany was carrying out in this
war. If the improvement in civilization
and it spread are dependent on war
in its present form involving for the
future what is praHically world sui
cide, them surely mankind is in bad
situation. Those who support the lea
fue may well leave to the people of
the United States and the people of
the world the dwison whether they pre
fer a slower method oif mproving Chris
tian civilization than by one. which in
volves the cruel destruction of one
half tho world in order to enable the
other half to get on.
The second and the more persuasive
objection which is urged to article X
is that it is likely to involve us in wars
all over the world, and to require our
soldiers to undergo suffering and hard
ships and to give up their lives in feat
ties waged for remote countries in
whoso welfaro we have but little in
terest. It is said it will prove to be a
neavy burden, both in life and treas
ure, for our nei pple;
How Obligation is Limited
In aiMwering thus objection, it is to
. . ,
ALKALI IN SOAP
BAD rOB THE HAIR
Soap should te used very earetfully,
if you want to keep your hair looking
its best. Most soaps and prepared
shampoos. eontain too much alkali. This
dries the walp, makes the hafcr brittle,
and ruins it.
The best thing for steady use is mul-
Rifiuri w nut nil ahflmruiA wtiati im
settlement has failed. Bv articles !.... .M..X.. ; i,i. th...
Ml aiul XUl a breach of such cove- anvrnj11K ellK you ,. 11S.,.
nants is to be pi-naliied Jy an imniedi- 0no or two (mrfuls cl,.a,.s
ate and u.iivers:il boycott of the cove- th( hair an(l ,, throil!i)liy. fc,ull,.
uant hreakmg nation and then by wuch iv nioistl. tB0 hair Vith water and
nul:,.;,ry exiK-d:t.ons as the members . it j,,. jt lnakt8 all gbunrianpe of
tf the league shall determine neces- ril.h rmlinv iather whiih rinses out
snry on the recommendation of the L.-iie ..n-in .-..i..i s
' I :i 1T1 .1.... . .1 ..nr...,., ....... W VI
league thus ,u"n'". .inirss inereiore, xno external ,,irt dalulruff aiui excessive oil. The
.,,....,.., ... ,,,,,,., .nun -- hair ilrns quickly and evenly, and it
curs three months after attempts at 1 1.,,, th(1 gl.a,p 8m, thhnir fin0
peaceful setllemert under articles XII ;,, silkv bri, jtroiM, fluUfy and
to XV haye failed so that the cove- casv t0 "manege.
nants of those articles are not broken you ,.HI1 t,t niuisifU.d eoeoanut oil
by it, the penalizing iprovis ons of a r- Lk ...... ..!,......
rlnl... YV1 ....1 ven 11 .....1.. ' ' I"".'. "
.....o .... . 1 1 1 nouiii uptiv 10
the aggression, whether for the "pur
pose forbidden in article X or not. Jn
;'ther wopis, article X only increases
the obligations of the members of the
league beyond those 0; article XVI i:i
respect of wars which do not violate
the covenants f ar.ti.iles XU, XIII or
XV. Article X lliecnines pra' tu ally im
portant therefore, only nt'tei the pur
pose of .the war -has lreeu clearly dis
closed. A war only , for punitive pur
poses without taking territory or over
throwing a government would not vio
late article X.
cheap, and a few ounces will supply
every mennber of the family for months
DeValera Seeks To Raise
$5,000,000 Irish Aid Fund
New York, June 2. Edward DeVa
lera, "president of the Irish repub
lic" tola phinned to raise ",CHW,0(0
in this country for the uiitooognized
Irish government. He said he will float
sn "Irish republic" Ibond isue, the
... . . .... , , iir.-.- lllirnui UI mill U Will SO UU1I1
W o havi- seer, this exemplified in our ' witlrin "ix months after Eneiand ree-
ognizes Ireland's freedom and with-
construction of our own Xlomoe doc
trine. The Monroe doctrine, as origin
ally declared by Monroe, .was article
X limited to Ithe aggression of non Am
erican nations against countries of the
Western Hemisphere. When Upain at
tacked Clrili during Mr. Seward's in
cumbency as secretary of state and
Chili called on the United tttates to de
fend her, Mr. Reward replied that otir
policy d!id nnt Unik to our defending
an American state against any puni
tive war by a non-American power, but
only against one inten'lcd to take ter
ritory or to destroy independence. Mr.
Roosevelt laid down the some limita
tion of the Doctrine in. the Venezuela
case as to wars begun merely to Col
lect financial obBsations when ther
did not speak atpririat.ion of terri
tory or deprivation of independence.
Modified hj other Articles
The intervention of the Vendue under
article X is. therefore, likely to be in-
voKel only In casi where the victor in
a war "lo?al" under articles XU
XIII and XV, seeks to imiose terms
on Its enemy contrary to the undertak
ing of Article X. In all other eases,
resort to article X will vie unnecessary
because acition under it will have been
anticipated under other articles. Ar
ticle X, therefore, enlarges the scope
of the obligations of the h-ague much
less tlrin has lipcn generally assumed.
Secoin, should a violation of article
X occur, 'nnd the council advise a plan
for fulfilling its obligation ii.v the mem
draws their troops.1
MZDICIXES USED BY MONKS
It is claimed that monks of aacient
Uiys knew of more than three hundred
upeciea of medicinal iplnnts irsod la
general for medicines 4y these relig
ious orders. While oeniuries have pass
ed, with all the advance made Sn me-.
dical Hcieuee many of our sioet sue-'
cesflful remedies sre today made from
tho roots and herbs of the field, liko
that good, old fashioned remedy, Lydin,
K. l'rnkham's Vegetable Compound,
which for more than forty yrsrs has
been relieving women from some of
tho worst forms of female ills, and is
now consioVred the standard -remedy.
be noted that the operation of article ! nf the Icajne, this plan will have
A. to increase the other obligations of
the league is comparatively small.
I'nder articles XI to XVJI inclusive
provision Is made for tho peaceful se.t
i lenient of all threatening disputes be-
limn or woitiim." Neil returmcd. 'Ami
Well . B niioil iiinnv livn bIu-MVI K-itlwinl Vt.Aw.
ethers enjoy together."
VV,. talked of Mrs. Orton, now 'a
to countess, all through dinner. Then we
; took our walk to investigate tho va
I haven't cant lots in town. The place was so
lint from ; small, because of restrictions, that we
LADD & BUSH
General Banking Business
Commencing June ICth Banking Hours will be
from 10 a.m. till 3 p.m.
im, you American meu! 1 never ca mai we talked oi During a lol uu
; heard one of you praise a foreigner uu ibiiilding a house of our "very own" as
Mil we went to war, and now, unless It he expressed it. Ho adored the place
Is b'-pne of their fighting you i1iiu.ii and whs very happy in his school,
tlniii r. ith half praise." "A fellow can have ome fun in a
" P.lanche was a good sort." He pa 1 place like this! New York is alt right
mi attention to what 1 had said. ''Ijwhcit you're grows up, but there's no
hope she lll lie happy, 1 fancy hc pls.-e for a follow to pisy," he said as
never was with Orton. And Hub h je stopped tu look at a lot Keil had
tolls the truth. She never knew Hun I. heard u for sale.
S'-cepted properties without investigm-j "He's right!" Neil said to Die.
ing them. She wouldn't have helped "Only 1 don't know that New York Is
nie had she known,' jso ckI fur grown ups either. Someway
"1 mil mi ilnd she didn't know. I 'one gets nearer to the real things of life
rs.il feel kindly toward her now that I j if they have room to breathe ini-tead of
know that. I ttoi-c too that she will le,K-iiip cooped up bctweea rows of brick
happy." Then I ave expression to S!sud stone,"
ihuught which oftcii tame to n y mind I "I think so loe, Neil. One seems
when I saw trained pi-ople who werejneurer tiod down here."
evidently mUinated, and so unfppT. "Are you going to buy this Jot,"
'It uii-t be dreadful N. il for a woman 'Kol.eit interrupted.
"I don't know sun. We are only
looking about tonight. We won't de
cide in a hurry we cau't. We have to
ave the money for it first."
"Will it take longf disappointment
in his voice.
"Not very if we all help."
"I'll help Ml I can dad. fan J in
a workshop in the uttic liko Tom tiuiith
"You shall have u work shop some
where if we build a house." Ho was
very ingenious, and Neil em out aged
him in every way,
1 think we were all a bit excited over
the thought of owning n home bucc
more. For before we went to bl Neil
nnd I looked through several niasrii.ines
which had plans for inexpensive onuses
ind talked excitedly of how we should
like one or the other of them.
"It's innocent amusement, snvwas"
Neil declared when I laughed at our
When we reached tome we wers sur
prised to see a big touring enr in front
of the house. Lorraine Morton sod
Ned linybiirn were sitting o" the perch,
wniting for us.
"We knew you hadn't gone far, be
cause the door was unlocked. Think of
living in a place where one conld gn
out without locking everything us,"
(.ermine said ss she followed us into
the house. It ksd been some time since
I had seen her, so leaving Ned nnd
Neil to smoke, I carried her off into
my bedroom to gossip. I told her all
Shout Blanche Orton and she gave me
the prussip of town friends. the had
been to sn affair at Mrs. Powers and
had heard the host say that there was
n't a man in town he respected more
than he did Neil Forbes. It made me
so hsppy to hear iu. h things. Neii had
been publicly eensured; it ws good to
know his woith was also publicly rec
ognised. They remained until lute, I
fixed a chafing dish supHT, snTi we
told them of our plans.
"Y'on can't find two lots csn yjuf"
Ned Raybiirn asked while Lorraine
blushed. "Lorraine and I may like s
summer home near you." So amid con
gratulations and exprc-s'ons of pleasure
I hey left Us.
"I'm glad for Lorraine. It's time
she a married," Neil id yatunli;.
"She'll not be so enave-ittonal mow I'll
(Tomorrow To Po Right Brings,
IVacc and Happiness.)
to be uiiaiiimmislr agreed upon bv the
council. We have con-tarf ly one repre
sentative in the council, who must thus
.join in advising the plan. Wc can reas
onable nviiiiio therefore, flint the plan
rccninmoiidcd will tint involve us in
military erneditions nnronnnblv re
mote or inconvenient, and that it will
advise our action in that part nf the
world where we can most promptlv
fii'iiish aid aid in respect to wars in
t - m,
LEAGUE BASES 4
(By I'nited Press.)
Yesterday's winners: Seattle, Sua
Krnncisco, Vernon Los Angeles.
Home runs; Crandall, Bonis; rournier,
Crawford, Angels; Wolter, Senators.
"The awakening of Bill riymer" a
nine act episode of baseball life result
ed in the Kainiers squelching the OatiS
!) to .". eiymer has been reinstated in.
locnl fnndnm by, his coaching lrfcthod.
Crespi, released fioin the Seals, lasted
two innings for the Senators aganst
the Angels. The sun kissed aggregation
won, 8 to 4.
The Beavers sneaked across the plate
with one run which proved insufficient
as the Tigers grabbed six tallies.
t'oucli allowed tlie Bees four hits ia
the opening game "ut Mormon city, ths
mhaui gang winning, 9 to 2.
This Coupon is good for Five Votes for
Goddess of liberty, Fourth cf July
(Write name here and deposit this in ballot box)