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FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 97.
ALLIES PLAN CONSUMATION Of
PEACE WITH ALL FOES, IN RAPID
SUCCESSION OF TREATY PACTS
Big Four99 Turns Attention
to Terms iSe Presented to
Austria ath Hungary.
Germany Fully Expected To Make Decision Regarding
Terms Within 15-Day Limit. Possibility Of Rejec
tion Appears Small In Face Of Reductions In Arma
ments Already In Force Hun Reply Demands Ad
mission Into League Of Nations.
. i By Ed L. Keen
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, May 8. The allies were today laying plans for
quick consummation of peace with all enemy nations.
With the initial treaty in the hands of the Germans,
the "big four" turned their attention to formulating a
program for presentation of the terms to Austria, Hun
gary and Turkey.
According to unofficial remits, the pence treaty well wtihin the 15 davs
Austrian mid If miariu n delegates will time limit fur discussion was the opiu
arrive Monday at St. Germain, near lion tlmt prevailed in allied circles to-
crsuillos, wuero they will he quartered. I
Jt wan learned today that the special
committee charged with assembling the
articles of the Austrian treuty have
been instructed to report before ?.7on
Uay. Despite pessimistic talk in some quar
ters, it is generally believed the Ger
mans will know their decision regard
ing the treaty before Muy --, me rtr.te
for expiration of their consideration of
Single Treaty Possible.
tt. has not been made plain yet
whether the Austrian and Hungarian
pacts will be contained in a single docu
ment, Or will be submitted separately.
However, it is believed the delegates
of those nations will be subject ut me
same rules as governed the German.
No arrangements havo yet been made
for reception of the Bulgarian and
'Turkish plenipotentaries. aThe I'nited
Mates will not be directly concerned In
the treaties with those nations, since it
never was officially at war with them.
Nevertheless, American representatives
are expected to urge that the same prin
ciples be applied to Bulgarian and Tur
key as were accepted for the nsis of
the German and Atistro Hungarian
By Fred S. Ferguson
(I'nited Press Stnff Correspondent.)
Paris, May 8. That Germany will
nmke known her decision regarding the
By L. C. Martin
I'nited Press staff f orfesindcnt)
Washington Mac 8. -President Wil
son ' pledge to present the I'nited
rtate senate a proposal for an Anglo
American alliance automatically to aid
France in the event of an unprovoked
German attack, was the center of sen
While jronernl comment on the treaty
as a whole was guarded, pending study
of the long document, senators indicat
ed the proposed special alliance will
cause an uproar in the senate, equall
ing if not iirpaing that expected to
center about the league of nations dis
cussion. The opposition unless the president
departs -from his reported, intention of
making no recommendation when hn
lays the proposal before the senate
appears likely to come not alone from
those hostile to the league of nations,
or to the admini-tratiun, but from
democrats who are with the president
on all other details of his peace pro
The alliance idea was characterized
by some senators today as "the un
exjiei ted nrpr;.e. '' For weeks there
has been a feeling among them that at
the last minute some startling develop
ment would come out of Pans. Al
though fbe defensive alliance has teenjeofk on the point that the league cov-
forecast in cable dispatches, conr'nry ennnt does not now protect lengue mem
reports had practically convinced sen fbers against sagression. That, he paint
atori they ssid today, that nothing of
the soTt was betna contemplated. '
Se nator Hitchcock, who w ill be the I
j.n-si'ient s peace program sokesrraa
Already reduced to virtual military
and naval impotence, the Germans ad
ditionally faces the prospect of eco
nomic annihilation if they dare to re
fuse the terms presented to them at
Versailles -yesterday afternoon. The
blockade division of the supreme eco
nomic council, under direction of "big
three' has begun preparation of the
pinna under which an even moro rigor
ous blockade than obtained during the
war will be clamped down on Germany
in the event of her definnce.
Allies Beady to Sign.
Premier Clemcneeau .in his speech
yesterday made plain that the allies are
prepared to sign the treaty as soon as
tho Germans make known their decis
ion, regardless of the day this occurs.
"The German plenipotentiaries will
known thnt they have the maximum
period of 13 days within which to pre
sent in English and French their writ
ten observations on the whole of trea
ty," he said.
"Before the expiration of the afore
said period, the German delegates wril
be entitled to send thir reply on par
ticular headings of the treaty or o ask
questions regarding them.
"After having examined the observa
tions, presented tho supremo council
(bis four) will send their answer in
writing to the German delegation and
(Continued on page two)
to Stir Up
ia the next senate, admitted the pro
posal may have hard sledding in the
senate. Unit pointed out- that it is not smeraoie teaiousy ana irouoie winn
inconsistent with the principles onlthc .Stotler and Hannah families. A
which the peace settlement has been 'fw yea" S Hannah was an attend
based Heal necessity exists for it, in "nt at the state asylum, but has 'not
Hitchcock's opinion! been employed lately. It is understood
".Should Germany attack France be- the Hannahs own an 80 acre farm near
fore the league of nations is perfected Lebanon, in Mrs. Hannah's name,
that is, before Germane has become I About two years ago Mrs. Ktotler
a member upon proof of her fitness and Hannah were arrested at the home
France would need dnstant aid," saidjof Laura Lutz and it was not so long
Hitchcock. This agreement would ago that Mrs, Sootier was before the
bridge over auch a period when the 'justice of the peace on the charge of
league would 'not be able to prevent asnlting her husband.
(I ruiany .going to war, because it ) 1 '
would not be able to call the pther iT..T Wslenma Corxr!ra
leaaue members to France's defense.
Under the league covenant, other lea-1
gue members would not be bound to
go at once to France's aid against such '
attack. Dv the time the league got oth-1
er members in the field France might
be overrun. It's the immediate a id
that this treaty provide, for."
Senator Moses, republican, Xcw
Hampshire, snid that "a triple entente ,
of Cireal Rritnin. France and the Unit-
e.l ta'c it occurs to me. would be a
splendid substitute for the futile lea-
guc of nations," but as a separate al-
iinn.-e, Moses indicated, he would be
on:ed to it. He differed with Hitch
Jed out, i the purpose of article ten, j
which1 binds all league members to pre-1
(Continued on page two)
JEFF i. HANNAH DEAD
AS RESULT OF DOUBLE
Mrs. Josie Stotler Held By Po
lice Pending Investigation,
Of Gira Play In Her Home
As a resist of a dispute over the
possession of a Hopkins Adams .38
calibre revolver, Jeff J. Hannah was
killed yesterday afternoon when
shot crashed through his brain, enter
ing just an inch above his right ear,
and 'Mrs. Josie Stotler was seriously
injured by a shot from the same gun,
which struck her on the right side of
the head above the ear but which in
flicted a scalp wound only. The shoot
ing occurred at 4 o'clock yesterday af
ternoon at the home of -Mrs. tStotler,
H(() Trade street.
Mr. Hannah was at once removed
to tho Deaconess hospital where lie
died at ti o'clock. Mis. Slotler, "who
appeared to 'be not seriously injured
by the shot in the head was taken to
the police stution to await develop
ments and the result of the coroner's
According to the story told to Chief
of Police Varney and Ir. C. H. Hob
ertson who had been called, Mil, (Stot
ler and Hannah had met down town
early in the afternoon and she had
asked him for her gun. lie said he
would give it to her at her home. They
went to the home of Mrs. Htotlcr and
went to her bedroom. As she wi.s
standing in front of the dresser re
moving her hat, Hannah who was in the
doorway of the room,drew his revolver
and fired, she said. She fell uncon
scious, she declared, but cume too
when she heard another shot. It was
then thut her mother summoned the
doctor and the police.
Mrs. .Stotler also said that as soon
as she regained consciousness, she
went to where the body of Hannah lay
and took the revolver from his hand
fearing he might shoot again. The
right tejnplo of Hannah shows pow
der marks. The bed room in which the
shooting took -plnce is about 10 'by 12
feet and when the polios anived, his
body was lying on the south side of
Jjie room near the dresser. The shot
that killed him entered just above the
right ear and came out through the toy
of his head.
When Chief Varney entered the
room, Mrs. Stotler was standing on
the north side, with blood streaming
from the wound on the right side of 1
her head. Hannahs body was on the
floor just where it fell. In reply to
Varney 's question us to who the man
was, buo said, f" That's Hannah."
When asked what had taken place, sho
replied, "He carried out his threat."
Later she said that he had fired at
her while he was standinz 111st at the
entrance of the room, while she was
on the opposite tde removing her hat.
j The police tound in the possession 01
. .. :v.,... v.-
Hannah a memorandum, I nave sold
all my m
achinery for $170. ('he, k sen,;
to Joe. Look it nn. ' The "Joe
f,.rr,.,l .o U Josie Mtotler of 800,'"" dopartmcnt or ngnc
According to general report, Han
nah had 'been keeping company with
Mrs. Mtotler and there had been con
lUlliwI IV II viVwuiv MVi f IVv
Boys Formally Friday Night
, .. .,. , .
, Turner community will meet at
,r "urcn, r ..., ,..,,
r.y , to welcome ineir soioier ooys-
" 1,1 "-,u- "n! "'
eryl.ody is urged to DC tnere and Help
make the reception a grand success.
The tpwortb League offers not to
Itieir niemoers amy our o an, a treat
next Tuesday evening. May 13, in the
form of sn illustrated lecture on Vel-
lowstone National Park. No admission
'charged, simply a eolection to cover ex
pcfiscs. Here, then, is your chance to
see Yellowstone at vour 'own price.
Three American soldiers were killed
and eight injured in t railroad accident
near Orleans, France, Saturday.
OREGON. THURSDAY, MAY 8, 1919.
President To Send First
Message To Congress By Wire
By Robert J. Bender
(United Frew Suit Correspond-
Washington, May 8. Fresi-
dent Wilson will cable tire lint at
message to the aext congress to
the I'nited States for reading
before the joint tension, it was
announced today, 41
This, which will be in his Dies-
sage on the atate of the union,
will recommend early passage of
the appropriation bills aud is ti-
pec ted to contain the piest-
dent 'a recommendations for $
proper remuneration for tele-
phone and telegraph companies
taken over by the government
during the war emergency.
In preparing his documents
the president will advise with
SSeerctaries Baker and Daniels
by rable as to their needs. He
is ulready in touch with Reere-
tnry of the Treasury Glass. 4
.The peace treaty message will
come later and probably will be
delivered to a joint session by
the president in person.
MM BARRIMP "Fllrtl
Two Of Trio Who Held Up
Washougal Bank Captured
At The Dalies.
The Dalles, Or.., . May 8. Edward
Primrose, who fatally shot Chief of Po
lice Ralph Gibous yesterday and DolpU
Lewis, who are in jail hero, hare eon
fesacd the. robbery of tho Washougal,
Wash., bank Monday, according to Vit
trict Attorney Galloway.
''It was a fool notion and looked
easier than it wn," Lewis said in ai
signed stutement, the district attorney
Chief of Police Gihima and Bherlff
'hrismun had arresi Prtmrom - wmI
Lewis as they alighted from a pasieu-
ger train, and wore marching them to
juil. Primrose suddonly turned on Gib-
ons and shot him twice with a revolved day on the first leg of their journey
w hich he had concealed in a newspaper I across the Atlantic via Nova Bcotiu, 1
he carrid. Tho chief died an hour later.! New Foundland and the Azores.
Lewis fired at the sheriff twicer! The NC-3, carrying Commander Tow-1
neither hot taking effoct. Tho men jcrs, commandant of expedition, was the t
made their getaway iVurln g the excite first to take tho air. Hho was followed!
merit .but were later recaptured. 'in short order by the NC11 and NC-4 iu j
After e-arrestiug Primrose, Shoriff ! formations prescribed in advance. The'
ChriHinnu uBed his gun in holding backxC-3 rose from tho water, as did tho I
a crowd of angry citizens who w.wm1NC 1. The NC-4 was placed on the'
to lynch the prisoner.
Max Lewis, alleged to be the third of
the bandits who robbed the bank, is
still at Inrge.
.LIBERTY BOND QUOTATIONS
May 8. Liberty Bond
.Va's, 98.01, up .04; first 4's, 03.80;
second 4's, 94.2fi, off .04; first 4'a,
95.H0, up .10; second 4Vi's, 94.28, off
; tmrrt 4'i 's, ...', ott. us; lourtn.j,, and a half hours.
4,'-4 s, off .04.
Motor Trucks Worth Around
$45,000,000 To Go To State'
. ' ' s j
Wellington, Mav 8. Twenty thor;.
sand motor trucks, worth $43,000,000
f h j , ., I tnn f 1
. " , . ....
" - - - . ,
,'the' department of agriculture an- i
Next t' takln' your bu-dness worries
home, th' worst thlnz ia brlneln' vour.Vn 11 i..-r We t lo-:in m Thev
domestic troubles down town. No moth-
er ever loved her children so dearly that
she didn' dread th' spring vacation.
Navy Seaplanes Leave Rock
away Beach For HaEfax On
First Leg Of Trans-Atlantic
COMMANDER TOWERS LN
NC-3 FIRST TO TAKE AIR
Officials Expect Planes To
Reach Nova Scotia Within
Seven And Half Hours Froml
Boston, Mass., May 8. The ,
American seaplanes bound for Halifax
on the first leg of their trans-Atlantic
flight passed Boston at 1:31 o'clock
Washington, May 8. (United Press.)
Oil troubles developed on the trans
AUautic flyer NC-4, putting one motor
out of commission, the navy department
was advised by wireless messages sent
out from the air fleet at 2:01 p. m. to-
day The NO- i proceding under pow-j
er irom ner otnor inree engines, out, may
have to descend, the messages said.
... .. . I
Y., May 8. '
Kockawsy Beach, N.
lumteu iress.i in uuitco. etaies
navy seaplanes started for Halifax to
Five small seaplanes circled about as
the huge air boats roared into tho first
jump of thei rduring trip. A dirigible;
also was in the air. These six craft
were expected to form an escort for the
journey as tat us Montauk Point, where .
the trail leads from Long Island,
The sky was gray and there wna a
mist over tho water before the planes
started, but a west wind made starting
condtiions favorable. Kcporis nam the
New England and Nova IScoliu coast
also made it desirable to start tho llight
Naval offu-ors said it was expected to
make the flight from here to Halifax
A Inst minute chuniro was made in the
crew of the NC-4, Chief Special Me
elm nic K. II. Howard having his hand
cot off by a propeller blade. His place
was taken by Chief Mechanic's Mute
The "flagship" of the squadron was
the NC-3, carrying Commander Towers.
Thr 4 'n c ',iarKe of Licutonant
1 ommander Keid ana l in command .
f Lieutenant. Commander Bellinger.
T(. wrei NC.3Commandct
,;- Kichardson, Lieutenant I). Tt. Me
Culloch, Lieutenant Commander K. A.
Lavender, Machinst L. K. Moore and
Lieutenant U. Ithodes.
NC-4 -Lieutenant E. F. Store, Lien
tenant W. Hinton, Knsign II. C. Hood,
Chief Mechanics Mate Hhodes and Lieu
tenant L. J. Breoe.
NC I Lieutenant Commander M. A.
Mitscher, Lieutenant T. L. Barin, Lieu
tenant H. Hadenwater, Chief Machinists
Mate C. J, hosier, Machinist K. Chris
There was onlv a small crowd to wit
ness the start. A few relatives 01 tne
crews, some naval officers and enlisted
men and a group of ncwspaH-r corre
spondents saw the machines take the
air. There was no cheering.
Two women standing e-vmi . !?ic
water's edge wept us the proMllers
whirred. .Thev were the wives of men
on one of the planes.
The machines circled about the bay
to get height and squadron formation.
Then, with the NC-3, piloted by their
commander leading the way, they head
ed northeast and roured out of sight. A
submarine chaser churned the water in
hot pursuit with the intention of keep
inn them in view a short while.
The aviators wore bather clothing,
the dress of the naval flyers. The plains
carried food and water.
Sag Harbor Passed.
H.-.ir Harbor, L. I., May 8. (I'nited
Press.) The three navy trans-Atluntic
planes passed over coast guard station
were flvimr in close formation at an
altitude of about SuO feet and were
PRICE TWO CENTS
FOHTLAND IS HOST TO
316TH SANITARY UNIT
Three Hundred And Eighty
Four Oregon Boys Spend
Day In Rose City.
Portland. Or., May 8. Three hundred
eighty-four Portland and Oregon mem
bers of the 31ttth sanitary train ar
rived this morning and receved one of
the most rousing welcomes ever accord
ed a crowd of service men here.
One company of the 3 Itith ia largely
composed of University of Oregon grad
uates and former students, its organizer
having been the late dipt aw i.oerie
The returning hetftes will be autr
tained in various ways throughout the
day and evening, leaving at 1 o'clock
(morrow morning for Camp Lewis where
ther will be discharged.
Following is the personnel of the
Stilst sanitary train:
Cteorge Anderson, Sanford E Archi
bald, Karl B Averill, Kskill K Auder-
(Continued on page six.)
PRESIDENT TO MAKE
Pledge Of American Aid To
France To Be Laid Before
Senate Without Comment Is
By Carl D. Croat
Paris, May 8. President Wilson will
lut.ke no recommendation regarding the
proposed defensive alliance among the
United Htntes, Great Brituiu and France
when it is submitted to the senate for
ratification, it was learned today.
The proposed alliance., it is understood
will be laid before the seiiulo simul
taneously with peace treaty at tho spe
cial session of congress called fur May
The president will not return to
Washington until the trcifty is signed,
it was learned authoritatively today.
Official announcement of the pro
posed alliance yesterday stated that:
"In addition to the securities ailord
ed the treaty of peaco, the president of
the United States has pieocif himself
to propose to the senato of the Uuited
Httnes and the prime minister of Great
Britain has pledged himself to propose
to the parliament of Great Britain as
engagement subject to tho approval of
the council oflhe league of nations to
come immediately to the assistance of
France in case of unprovoked attack by
It was ths pledge, it is iinilerslond
that mused France to reduce the do
ninnds for territorial security along the
Hli i ii" and to fnil to press her amend
ment to the league covenant providing
for an international military staff.
Press Comments All
Agree Peace Terms
Exacting But Just
New York, May 8. "It is a terrible
piiuishment the German people and
I heir mad rulers have brought up'in
themselves," the New York Times said
today ill an editorial on the peucc
"How (jreat will be their nimal and
spiritual suffering we runnot know,
because the world has its doubts about
the Gorman conscience."
The New York Hun objected to the
league of nr.tinns being interwoven with
the Hace terms and said: "The senate
and not the president is the representa
tive of the American people in the mak
ing of international agreements. Per
haps its witom and patriotism nm lis
rem a way for n brand reserva
tion which will meet here the situation
forced upon it by the executive."
"The international gibbet is higii and
within the bight of its noose hangs a
clunking example," said the Tribune.
"The settlement wilt make for peace."
Kansas City Times: "As to the
terms, thev apparently were designed to
impose til the traffic would bear. They
are steep terms, steep and stiff. They
are such terms as only victors could dic
tate, and that none but the vanquished
would accept. The result of the wr is
written into every line, and as long as
time leaves legible records in this world,
history can raise no doubt of its issue.
Hard terms, but just!"
Milwaukee Sentinel: "The most cas
ual reading of the official abstract of
ON TRAIN'S i'SBKIWI
STANDS FI V I CETfl
Severity Of Treat? When Con
sidered As Whce Creates
Impression Enemy WiH Re
REPLY TERMED INSOLENT'
German Delegates' Exhibit
Every Emotion From Ha
mfiation To Defiance At
By Lowell Mellett
(I'nited Press Htaff Correspondent.)
Paris, May 8. "The Germans will
never sign," was the expression hcarA
from many lips in funs today, follow
ing publication of the treaty draft and
Biockdorff linntzau's speech at Versail
The same men attached to the Ames
iriin commission who a few dats ago
told the I'nited Press the elmneeW the
German signing was about "fifty
fifty" nre now umong those saywu tna
enemy will never accept thi temi MA
who recently were confident the Ger
main would sign now nay the' chancel
are about even.
Eeply Termed "Insolent."
The reason for the Increased pessim
ism is believed to ho tho enlininrting
effoct of se....eiug all parts f the treaty
together, wherea earlier opinions were
based on particular sections of which
various men had pirsonal knowledge.
Tho inipressio.i created in French eli
des by Br' kdorff-Rantzan s .y.-ck
can he summed up in one word, ''inso
lent." Home of these expressed the belief ha
seined the occasion as the first and lust
nininrtuuitv to address the allied debt
gates and therefore profited to the full
"Hroekdorff -Ttnnlzaii's I m p d f
stieech was intended more for h!storv
and heme consumption than for the al
lies," snid one high personage.
Fy Fred 8. Ferguson
(I'nited Press Htaff Correspondent.)
Versailles. Ma 7. Hiimiliulion, de
fert. truiredv nil the dargntr emotion
possible to human expression then ob
sequious admission of their wrongs; and!
finally defiance ni.d claims of a plnco
'Continued on page threes
the terms as published yesterday must
satisfy the bitterest memory uf the law
less act (sinking of the Lumtania) that
the terms spell expiation. Germany
herself bv her own stauda-rd of term
to be imposed upon a beaten enemy
should now feel herself estopped frona
complaining that the terms imposed up
on her are harsh. It is the application
of her own principles and practices."
Kan Francisco Chronicle: "As indi
viduals. CcriiiHns mav he p..r get
ter off than thev were before," it com
ments. "They are to be completely re
lieved from the horrible burden of mili
tarism, including conscription, the erect
ion and maintenance of huge armies, na
vies and fortifications. The people of
the victorious nations, npapreutly con
demned to groan under their military
burdens, may yet come to envy the lot
of the conquered.
Chicago Poet: ''As one reads para
graph after paraaraph one -cfs the pic
ture of r. great empire dwindling to in
siguifance. Ppwer, privilege and prov
inces nre taken from it. A study of tha
treaty impels one to the conclusion that
had it not been planned from the be
Kinuiuji to ennte s league of nations,
the necessity for doing so Wmnu uava
In come manifest before th pT.iee -aty
Chicago Dailv News: "What the Gor
man people will do about the treaty ii
Tontisucil on csge two)