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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1919)
THE D TLY CAPITAL JOURNAL. SALEM. OREGON. FRIDAY, APRIL 18, 1919.
CULTIVATION OF SQUASH
Taffeta and Messaline Dresses
Beautiful Georgette Waists
OFFERS BIG OPPORTUNITY
IN WILLAMETTE VALLEY
Old White Comer Building
Salem's Greatest Women's Apparel Store
"Sure We'll Finish the Job! Save and Invest in Victory Liberty Bonds.
Salem's Easter Apparel Store
It is a Pleasure to Choose from Such a Great Collection of Suits, Dresses, Coats.
Women tell us so, again and again. There is an excellent variety at each price,
and prices range from the least expensive that it is advisable to buy to the
most luxurious. You will find here good, wearable, conservative styles, and
the highest novelties; and the values are unsurpassed.
Suits at $27.50
Of mens-wear serge and
gabardine, in black,navy
blue and shades of gray;
made in belted and semi
belted styles, embroid
ered and braid-trimmed.
Suits at $35.00
These include the var
ious belted effects and
some of the close-fitting
models that flare ab
ruptly from the waist
line; also some with
coats in the new box ef
fects. Of . men's-wear
serge and poplin, in
black, navy blue and tan
Suits at $39.50
Smartly, tailored men's
wear Serge Suits, in
black and navy blue;
belted models and loosely-girdled
some with silk vestees.
Suits at $42.50
Snug-fitting models on
plain-tailored lines, box
effects and belted styles,
developed of serge and
poplin in black and navy
blue- Also suits in shades
of blue, brown and olive.
Coatslapes and Dolmans
The very best wraps of
moderate price are to be
found right here in
abundance. Perhaps the
sum you have set aside is
Between $15 and $32.50
Then you may choose a
cape, a coat or a dolman
of serge, poplin, gabar
dine, burella or velour
and so many and so var
ied are the styles that it
is great fun to make a
selection. Navy and
black, as well as the
gayer Spring shades are
Ffom $22.50 to $32.50
the showing is greatest.
Here are wraps of serge,
silvertone, fine suede,
velour and duvet de
laine, many of which are
lined throughout, with
peau de cygne or figur
The finer Things
Of bolivia, silvertone,
velour and duvetyn are
marked at $35 to $55.
The materials are so
soft and the linings so
lovely that just to feel
them is a pleasure.
Many of the models in
capes, coats and dol
mans are individual and
V - "ts '?! Kit1'-1
New Arrivals Of Arrow Blouses
In Georgette crepe will grace our displays
tomorrow. Liberty red, overseas blue,
flesh, Bisque and white blouses, will be
shown in abundance. Special $5.75
Other Georgette and crepe de chine
waists, various styles and colors. Spec
$3.75, $4.50 and 55.00
Easter Dresses $9.75 to $37i0;
Messuliue, Taffeta Silk Georgette Crepe
and Sorgo Dresses in many delightful new
style. Navy, Seal Brown, Black, Pekin
Blue,, Henna, Copen, Turquoise and many
other new and pretty colors. Timie panel and
straight line models. Specially priced from
$9.75 to $37.50
Latest Models in Dress Dress
$425 to $18.75
Our showing of Dress Skirts is, we be
lievo, the largest in Kalem. At any rate you
will find hero every desirable Sivle and fab
ric Marts of taffeta, silk poplin bnronetto
satin, tricolet, wool serge, novelty plaids and
other materials. We particularly invite your
attention to the many smart sport styles with
novelty belts and pockets. Hkirt price ranee
$.1.00 to $22.50.
New S3k Petticoats At Prices
$4.98 to $15.00
, Taffeta Silk Petticoats in all the new
and wanted shades. Plaited, tucked and
tailored flounces, many trimmed with fancy
ribbons. Great variety of styles to select
from. Prices range from $..-u to $9.75.
Satin Petticoats $125
Black, fancy figured and prevailing colors.
Easter Hats Specially Priced $3.50 to $15.00
Splendid assortment of new and beautiful spring models to select from in sty
les that typify the smartest modes of the moment, including large dress hats,
semi-dress and tailored hats, in all the wanted materials, shapes and colors.
By K. W. Gill
The increased demand for vegetables
has opened splendid opportunity to
all western Oregon farmers to improve
their soils by ero-p rotation using
plan that will include vegetables for
the cultivated crop.
How many of the farms iu the Wil
lamette valley are in tip top condition
for vegetable growing and, if they are
not, are they in the proper condition
foi other crops.
Many of these soils, and especially
during the war, have been sowed to
grain year after year. In the haste to
make grain sowings early, many of
these fields have been plowed too wet
and some have been pastured too wet
in winter. There is only one sure and
A quick way of restoring these soils to a
good iriaiue condition ana that is ty
growing some- vegetable crop.
Many will say, however, that this
entails too much labor, which at pres
ent is hard ta secure. To those where
this situation applies I would reconi
iieud the growing of a squash crop,
this or pumpkin being the easiest of
air vegetable crops to grow ana har
vest. This crop is more profitable than
train and the consequent cultivation
is of great 'value to the soil and will
afford a chance to clean the ground of
Scope of Markets
Rehydration plants and canneries
arc now iu the market for large quan
tities of squash and nearly nil of the
Willamette valley is afforded an op'
portunity to reach this class ol mar
kets. The direct consuming markets
handle a great many squash, but this
demand would not use a very large
acreage. Contracts can be secured and
the crop sold before plautlng, thus
eliminating all difficulty and uncer
tainty regarding disprsal of the yield.
Squash arc quite heavy feeders and
require considerable moisture. They do
best in warm soil, especially those soils
containing a portion of sand. Beaver
dam soils will produce good squash if
tlicy havo good d-oinage and can be
planted by May 20th, however the
kneral indency on this class of land
is for the squash to run to vine in
stead of fruit. Rich, sandy river bot
tom soil is the ideul locution for squash
and will not only give good yielils, out
will ripen curly. Many upland noils
will produce good squash crops, the
main consideration being their adapt
ability to retain moisture.
tjil that Wave prev usly grown
some kind of legume, such as clover,
peas, beans, etc., will offer the best
condition for growing tho crop.
Jf your soil is run together or clod
dy, 1 would recommend two plowing,
the first about April 1 to 15 and tho
second about May 10 or a fow days
previous to planting. With soils that
aro in good garden condition, one plow
ing about Anril 15th will be suffi
cient, if the soil is well disced. The
ground should 'be disced over twice
the second oporatiou running cross-
wavs to the rust, me grounu suouiu
be'hnrrowed after the first plowing
and occasionally thereafter to keep
down weeds and retain inuisturc. All
clods or lumps should be broken up
and the soil be in a tirm incnow con
Ono of tho first requisites is plenty
of humus, therefore barnyard manure
is of great value. Old Btraw of any
kind is also useful if well rotted.
Soil which naturally contains plenty
of potash will respond readily to the
uso of land plaster and alfbut 200
pounds per acre should be sown Uroad
cast and plowed in. Nearly all vege
table crops are improved by the use of
land plaster us it will create better vi
tality a"fl assist in warding off disease
Nitrogen is of great value in giving
the young plants a quick start, but too
liberal uso will tend towurds excessive
Phosphoric acid is the chemical most
needed and this can be secured by pur
chasing tankage, containing a high per
centage of this ingrodicnt.
Squash are very easy to plant since
the hills aro planted quite far apart.
I prefer to have the rows 10 feet apart
and the distance in the row will lo-
Dcnd somewhat on tho soil, but sliouiu
be from 8 to 10 feet. Ten foot rows
allow plenty of room for operating a
disc or harrw between, mis is bis
wide enough to drive between when
harvesting the crop. About 10 seeds
hnulil be irlanted to each hill, this will
permit plenty of plants out of which to
select two good strong plants to be
left in each hill. Homo or these plants
may be destroyed by birds, squirrels
or worms and it is best to nave plen
ty. Thinninz should not bo done until
about two weeks after the plants are
Another good way to grow sqnash,
and which is still easier is to use a
force feed type of drill like the Co
lumbia or Acme, Use the largest eyl-
der and if this Is not large enough,
have your blacksmith or auto repair
. .1 ! .. .1..
man core out a special me iur m.
purpose. Set the drill to drop tho secu
about 3 to 4 feet apart. These rnn
be thinned to one plant. With this
plan ,each plant has an individual op
portunity to develop. The seed should
be covered from l'i inches to 2, ac
cording to soil and weather conditions
snd the soil should be somewhat firm
ed over the seed. Planting should be
t t t t I t t t t t t t II I t t
ttttttt tttttttMMltmtttttltMtMt t tVtVW
done from May 10 to 20 according to
Inasmuch s this plant requires a
fairly long season to grow and mature,
it is Important to give the young
plants a good, quick start and it is
advisable to use some kind of fertilis
er, .mixed into the soil below the hills.
A little nitrate of soda can be applied
near the hill, but not on the plants.
Poultry and sheep fertilizers are ex
cellent for this purpose.
For canning and dehydrating Boston
Marrow is the variety most used, and
this sort ig ono of the heaviest crop
The Hubbard ij one of the best kinds
for retail markets and is a good rp
er. 'For quality and flavor, nothing is
superior to the Delicious. This vari
ety does not yield" so heavily as the
other varieties mentioned, but has a
very high quality. These are the three
main varieties used for table purposes,
but there are many other good kinds.
Is very simple, but very important,
as we are growing a plant which re
quires much moisture. Cultivation
should Ve started early before the
weeds make progress. A riding culti
vator should be run closo to the row
on each side and the centers between
the rows cnu be worked with a disc or
harrow. During warm weather the soil
should be worked level. He sure to
break the crust ufter every rain and
when summer wcathVr has started a
dust mulch should bo established and
maintained by frequent dragging. To
assist in cultivation, the viuo should
bo trained to follow the row. A boy or,
girl can easily turn the vines with a
hoe handle. Shallow cultivation or drag
ging should be continued until the
main crop of squash has set.
This is very easy since the wagon
can bo driven between the rows and
the squash gathered as you go. A boy
should go ahead of the wagon and cut
the squash loose with a pruning shears
one with a hamllo about two feet long
is best for rapid work.
Iu growing for dehydrators or can
ners, the squnsh cau be loaded louse
in freight cars and shipped, or if
grown near the factory they can be
handled direct from tho field. Squash
can be grown on a lnrxc scale for these
factories and the fact that they are
sol, I at planting time and no storage
or crating nre neeefHary should bu
taken into consideration by the grow
er when ho considers tho price offered
Thero will be some undersized and
immature equtish which will make ex
On good soil will run from 10 to 2o
Watch Your Child's Tongue!
Constipated Children Gladly Take
(Gilifornia Syrup of Figs"
For the Liver and Bowel
m Tell your druccist you want genuino
."California Syrup of FiS." Full directions
tnd dose for babies and children of all agei
who are constipated, bilious, feverish, toriue
coated, or full of cold, are plainly ptinted on
the bottle. Look for the name "California"
and accept no other "Fig Syrup." Beware !
tons per acre with liostun Marrow va
riety and nearly that amount with
Hubbard. Much will depend upon their
culture and the amount of fertilizer
Pests and Disease
lilack aphis is sometime troublesome
but can be overcome foy spraying with
some kind of tobacco spray to which
soap has been added. Squash bugs are
generally not very serious in Oregon.
Blight is prevalent in some locali
ties and all effeeted plant should be
carried out of tho field and destroyed.
Squnsh, if properly bundled, can be
kept nearly all winter. The stems
should lie cut off carefully and the
squash left to dry for a f'" days .in
the field. They should then be hauled
in a spring wagon or truck aud stored
in a dry place.
Put them on a shef only one deep.
A stovo should be provided to keep
out excess moisture or freezing. They
can also be kept for a long time by
placing them one row deep on a bam
floor and covered wilh fine straw. In
either case they should be gono over
occasionally and inspected, removing
all which arc decaying, .Some commer
cial growers place them in hop dryers
and dry them just long enough to re
move om of tho moisture- coutent af
ter which they keep much better.
Cost and Profits
This table is given to assist the grow
er in estimating his profits, but each
individual must be the judge of hi
own conditions, however, this guide
will assist in figuring out his returns
Soil preparation, plowing, etc $3.00
Planting the seed .'. B.00
Hoeing and thinning 2.00
Harvesting 12'y tons at 30c .... 6.21
Hauling 12- tons 1 mile at 50c.... 8.21
Cultivation aud training vines ... 5.00
Tot til $28.21
12 1 i tons at 18 per ton (can
be contracted) $100.00
Xet profit $7.1.73
This dues nut include an averago
value of from $.T to $10 per acre cull
for feeding purposes or does it includu
theva!iu accrued to the land through"
culUvaTMOi. Tho crop can bo material
ly increased by using fertilizer, but
this should not be figured as an ex
pense, .but rather as an investment.
City authorities at Florence are ne
gotiating If or the purchase of the elec
tric liht plant operating there.
Tons Squash Wanted
BOSTON MARROW VARIETY This heavy yielding variety matures early.
Squash are the easiest of cultivated crops to grow and will net you better than
grain, besides furnishing rotation for your fields.
HAUL THEM LOOSE to the factory, no crating, no sacks and easy to harvest.
LABOR COSTS need not worry you in growing squash, for most of the work
can be' done with team or tractor.
ARE YOU BEHIND WITH SEEDIN? If so, planting a vegetable crop like
beans or squash, which can be delayed until May, will help you catch up.
2000 Tons Beans Wanted
BURPEE'S STRINGLESS GREEN POD Variety is the kind wanted. Many
growers are signing acreage with us, but we must get more.
WE ASK YOU, MR- FARMER, to grow beans. If you cannot manage any
more, at least grow an acre.
1919 AND OPPORTUNITIES are here. We ask you to grow fruits and veget
ables and help establish the biggest agricultural developing process yet known.
We need your produce and you need our market. ,
OUR MUTUAL CO-OPERATION will build and maintain a market far be
yond our present comprehensions. That's why, just now we ask you to
Grow Beans and Squash
)Vritu nr ?hone us and we wil1 g,ad to send yu contracts. Ask for our
free bulletins on culture of beans, squash, cabbage, peas, carrots, tomatoes,
spinach and cane berries. We supply seed at cost. All containers are furnish
Salem King's Product Co.
Luther J. Chapin, Field Agent,