Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 24, 1919)
(25 000 KEADERS DAILY)
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE.
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SEKVICE.
Weather Report. 5
Orrgom: Tonight and Tucs-
day fair, light northerly winds
- ' -
our oi cr ELbfiToOTMr
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 60.
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, MARCH 24, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NW
STANDS FIVE CENTS
CLKK. lit L IU jt'M
H HUpi SOV lET-REPUBLIC
"t- " .
' i i
WIRELESS TO LEKINE ASKING FOR AID
TO BATTLE AGAINST ALLIED FORCES
Russian Bolshevik Lead-:? Reported That He Was Delighted
With Hungary's Aetica.-His Representatives Have
Formed SoriaEstic-CoKffiistic Ministry To Conduct
Affairs Of New Government.
Hungary, forming a soviet republic in alliance with
the Russian bolsheviki, has declared war on the allies, ac
cording to dispatches from Budapest today.
A soviet army of seventy thousand, under General
Georgey is reported to have crossed the Russian frontier
into Hungarian Galicia and to be marching on Lemberg,
now held by the Poles. -
Other bolshevik detachments are said to be moving
toward Budapest to aid the Hungarians in resisting the
aHies, whose forces are now scattered throughout Hun
gary. These are believed to be only the advance guard
of a huge bolshevik army which Premier Lenine will send
into Hungary within a few weeks. "
The allies have sent a fleet of monitors up the Danube
from Belgrade in an effort to reach Budapest, capital of
Hungary. "While there has been some disorder in Buda
pest, American diplomatic advices received in Paris stat
ed that allied and American representatives are safe.
President Karolyi, resigning in favor of ' a soviet
communist coalition government, declared he was turning
Hun ffarv over to the radicals because the allies are con
centrating their forces in Hungary to attack the Russian
soviet republic and because the Hungarians are dissatis-
f ied with the peace conference's attitude toward fixing the
Hungarian boundaries. ,
The. new ministry immediately wirelessed Lenine for
aid in opposing the allies. He promised them, it was said,
to "keep in touch with the military situation."
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
Berliu, Mar. 23. -The new Hungar
in soviet republic has formed nn alli
ance with the Russian bolsheviki jinl
declared war on the entente, BudaPest
dispatches announced today.
Bolshevik forces were reported to he
moving into Hungary to aid the new
government against French and otner
allied troops, which are scattered thru
Out the country.
The action of the Karolyi ministry
in resigning and turning the country
over to communists was said to have
resulted from dissatisfaction nf the al
lies and proposed adjustment of the
Hungarian frontiers by the peace con
ference. Form New Ministry
Representatives' of Premier Lenine
ne reported to have assisted in form
ing the new socialist-communist minis
try, which is constituted as fallows:
Alexander Garbai, president.
Uugen Barga, minister of finance.
Josef Poganny, minister of war.
Wilhelin Boelm, minister of social
liola Kim, minister of foreign af
fairs. Abo Martin
If they'd jest serve buckwheat cake?
an' sausage at a banquet we'd try aa'
stand th' speeches. Who rememiicrs
wen showmen had t' advertise n
"strictly moral entertainment " in orlc .
' ?'t tl' businc? .
The now cabinet has issued the fol
"Uniting with the world's bo"i.he
vilii, we rise against the entente and
imperialism and proclaim general mo
bili.ation. AH opponents will be executed.'''
Paris, .Mar. 24. Allied monitors
liavo started up the river from Bel
grade In an attempt to roach Budnl'est
it wa announced today.
American diplomatic advices said
that despite the fat there hii3 been
firing and disorder in BuditPcst, allied
and American representatives are safe.
Communications have been interrupt
ed between Vienna and Serbia.
A dispatch to the Matin says Gener
al Pctlura, leader of the Ukranian ar
my, has opened negotiations with Lenr
ino, who promised autonomy for the
Ukraino providing Petlura lights
against "the Poles and the entente's
Czech o Oppose Hungarians
Biislo. Mar. 24. Upnernl (ienrpevs.
commanding an army of seventy thou -
sand bolsheviks, was reported in a Vi-
enna dispatch today to have crossed
the Dniester river and entered Oula-'
cia. His armv, eompesed largely 0f
Hungarian and BulgRiian troops" enp-1
tmed bv Russia during the war, is
sail to be following the Ix-miberg-Uu-!
(Lemberg is only sixty uiiies from
the RiissoHungariati frontier. The
Poles recently recaptured the city
from the Ukrainians.)
A dispatch from Budapest said the
Czechs have begun to mobilize against
the Hungarians. ,
Tbo llunaiian soviet sent Premier
U'liiu.! a wireless, addressing him as
"chief of the universal soviet'' fcnd
asking military aid agninst the entente
limine rrptied that fiussia is de
lighted at Hungary's action and (lint
she would keep in touch with the mil
Fear Spraad of Anarchy
London, liar. 24. rear, of the spread
:f bolshevism into Kumauio,
and Uzecbo-Slovakia us the
the getting up of a soviet government
in Hungary was expressed by London
The newspapers ealkd the Hungar
ian situation most alarming. Editor
ials declared it t-onfrontcd the states
men at Paris with a serious problem,
which might complicate the work of
delegates seeking a qiiicn peace. Liber
als argue that events in Hungary dem
onstrate the immediate nctd of a lea-
Sue or nations.
Two springs inserted by an inventor j
below the etired serctiou that enters its
user's arm pit gives resiliency to
j'sertly patented crutch.
Japan Watches United
States With Jealousy
Washington, March 24, Pub
lie feeling in Japan and eastern
Asia is being watched with
great vigilance and with 'some
concern by this government,
it became known today. The
anti-American campaign carried
on in the press of the. Orient
has reached an acute stage.
This criticism of the United
States arose about the timo
American troops were dispatch
ed to Hibcria. Japaneso folt
America was not using a strong
enough hand in dealing with the
fighting Russian factions.
Japan is also apprehensive of
American trade possibilities in
Siberia, say some officials, una
fears tho United States may
outstrip Japan in commerce.
01 OF CONFEREES
APPEARS EAR FROM
Rhine Question Seemed To
Be Insolutle At Todays
Session Of Delegates.
, By Lowell Mollctt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Mar. 24. The peace confer -
lJ-,Z,Zt LI.. ;J
wa supposed to
its work on the
preliminary peace treaty with cbery
thing apparently In a state of chaos It
seemed as though tho delegates had
nothing to show for their muny weeks
of hard work except an increased accu
mulation of unsolbed problems. -'If
the situation is half as bad as its
surface indications, it scorns certain tho
conference will not wind up its work
on the treaty this, week or for several
weeks. 1 lie American delegation says
situation is Bimilar to vhut of the
closing days of congress it appears im
possible that the work will be com
pleted, yet it is always finished.
'there is a tendency to feci, too. that
hereafter tho British and Americans
will cut tho Oordian knots in tho
peace settlement by layiutf .down a
program for solution and enforcing it by
their economic, iinancial and political
French Are Stubborn.
For instance the lihine question ap
peared nnsolublo today. Tho French
were still holding out lor territorial se
curity en tho left bank. Various com
promises habe been suggoo;ed, rejected
and renewed. If no scheme consistent
with tho principle of self-determination
and no annexations is achiebed, the
problem- is expected to be terminated
by a flat American and British declara
tion somewhat to this effect:
"You have tried and we have helped
you work out a plan of territorial guar
antees which will not violate tho prin-
'ciples underlying the armistice Our at-
, tempts have ended in failure. Therefore
vou must accept simply the guarantee
!o"?red under the league of nations."
,inre d(,uljt tl ability of Great
! Britain and the United State to enforce
the solution. The Anglo-American dcle-
au,s aie expected to take the same
attitude toward Italy and Japan. As a
result, wniie tnere appears to be no
'solu'ion to these and many other ques
tions in- sight, it is alway3 po:v.;il;Io to
! fasten the lid on international bicker
iligs and sign a treaty covering all nec
iessary points in line with tho armistics
Several Thousand Troops
Arrive On Four Transports
New York, Mar. 24. Several thou-
Mflml Wfnimll'.l fr .inn Vnlnaoan I tfrwr.a
f.nd a transport load of Pacific coast
troops of tho Fortieth division return-
pit tmlno- nn i. ion.r,ri. a t ..n
om1 rnt1T1i h ru..i,i on .h..
..,,.,., ;'(;,.':i n. u,.
The Matsonia bad 59 officers and
151H men of the lflOth infantry, field
and staff, machine gun company, head
quarters company, supply company,
medical detachment and all lettered
eompanies: de'achments of the 15trn
infantry, 12 officers and 823 meu, le
i tachment 2iith engineers, 7 officers and
i On the Antigone were Bordeaux con
' valoveent detachments.
fnc cru:ser Xcrth Carolina arrived ,
! with 1471 men as follows:
ij trench mortar battery; 130th
ai.T0 squadron and easual companies,
a're-;.Iore than 1400 nien'of the 112th bri-
),"Je Arrived on the cruiser Montana.
CAUSE FOR GERMANY'S
DILATORV TACTICS IS
Will Now Offer to Oppose
Bclshevjki To Get Less
Severe Peace Terms.
By William Plap Sinuns.
(United Prct Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, March 24. The bolshevik
movement, culminating in Xlungary
setting up a soviet republic and declar
ing war on the allies, was believed to
day to have furnished an explanation
for Germany's dilatory nd obstructive
tactics toward the peace conference.
Germany, playing for time, lias now
reached a point whore she will offer to
oppose a bolshevik invasiou of western
Europe in exchange for less severe
peace terms, in the opinion ot. many
delegates. ' t . .
This is not such a preposterous situa-1
tion as at first appears, awarding to
the opinion expressed in some quarters.
The entire situation south of the Baltic
is chaotic and "full of dynamite." It
may possibly grow entirely out of allied
control, it was pointed out,, unless it
is mot squarely at once. One suiution
apparently will bo to raise an -interallied
expeditionary force. Tho alterna
tive is to allow the Germans, who are in
a much better strategic position, to donl
with tho situation. Germany would
thus virtually become the allies' man
datory in eastern and central Kurope.
. Now Blocking Allies.
Germany, in the meantime, is block
ing tho allies at every point possible.
Many are convinced she is taking this
attitude for no other purpose innn to
force permission for iter ro mat "Hor-
atius at tho Bridge.' -
lvienacea on tw0 fiides, one by tho
Germans and the othflr by tho bolshevik,
Poland is desperately in need of food.
equipment and assistance of her troops
inai lougnt in rrant. rot Uormany is
refusing to permit these troons to land
at Danzig, placine tie peaco conference
i:ico to faco with'. tho altornativo of
"lvv'B uuwii -r -ortiiscirioarKiug the
Poles under the guns of allied warships.
Tho situation ia Rumania is darker still
in many ways. Added to the threat of
a bolshevik' invasion from tho east is
the new- menace of a soviot Hungary.
Poland and Rumania desire a common
boundary so they may form buffer
states against the bolshevik under pro
tection of the league, of nations, uut
it would require soino timo to bring this
about and tho situation apparently de
mands speed of action above everything
The feeling is growing lioro that mak
ing this international jigsaw puz&le of
peoples and nations fit is the most im
portant problem beforo tho conference
and that whether tho preliminary treaty
with Germany is ready for signing next
Saturday matters littlo unless strong
measures aro taken by the allies to
stamp out the mischief brewing
throughout eastern nnd central Europe.
Universal Trailing For
Young Women Advocated
Scuttle, Wash., March 24. Universal
training for young women in home eco
nomics is just us vital to national prog
ress as universal military training for
young men, ,
At least this is the contention of Mi
Mary Treat, wife of the Seattle capital
ist and she is organizing a nation-wide
movement to have congress work' out
women's universal training legislation.
Under her plan, girls botweon tho
ages of 17 and 18 would spend two
months in a government training school
or camp, to study homo keeping and
"This plan would spread the spirit
of democracy," says MrB. Treat, "and
do much to brenk down the ugly bar
riers that breed bitterness and autoc
racy." Senator King Prepares
Substitute For Covenant
Washington, March 24 Senator King
of Utah has prepared a substtiut
league of untiong covenant which ho
jwill send to President Wilson at Pans
for consideration, he announces.
King's plan, ho said, will pormit pro
tection under tho Monroe doctrine and
iJPV0 cacn "ion eo to oeciuc its own
P"1" ref!nr"nr immigration questions,
i tariff s and similar matters.
FOUB TRACK MEETS :
Four dual track moots have been ar
ranged by Coach Mathews of thi Wil
lamette university athletes. Dual ets
will bo staged at McMinnville and Sa
lem with the McMinville collcgo End
two meets are scheduled with tho Che
man Indian school. Other meets are
The team tnrned out for its first
workout last Wednesday. An interclaas
!-.cet will be staged during the latter
nart of this week. From two tn fnur
levent will be st.iirnil eaeh lnv. Dimirlc
land Medler are, two of Willamette's
stars who have returned p college. Over
one hundred are expected to eater the
REPORT OF HACV WAGE
SCALE EXTENSION TO
Alleged That Original Infer
mation Came From Judge
Tacoma, Wash., March 24. A flat
denial of the report from Portland Fri
day that an agreement hud been reach
ed at Washington, D. C, to extend the
Macy wage scale until October 1 is con
tained in a telegram received yesterday
from representatives of Tacorua- Metal
Trades Council who have been attending
the wage scale conference at the na
The teleirraiii wa rennivert h ! Ti
Barrett, secretary of the Tacoma Metal
.runes council, it saia:
"No turreoment has been rcnphoA
Conference is still on. Report in paper
Ike report of the agreement was said
to have been based on a telegram re
ceived in Portland bv Arthur W. .Tnm.a
assistant examiner fur Mm hnnr.l'
from Henry McBride, northwest district
representative or the emergency fleet
Doubted It From First.
Tfcoma Metal Trades officials wore
inclined to aoubt it from the first, as
they said that renrnsnn tr.il vm nf tlm
conference had been specifically In-
airucieo. to oraor any agreement that
did not carry with it a referendum vote
amone tho unions sffeetnrt
Dispatches from Portland quoto Jones
us reiterating nis statement of last Fri
day that ho had been advised from
Washington that an agrocmont to ex
tend the Macy scalo had been reached.
Referring to the reported denial re
ceived by Secretary Barrett, ho is quot
ed as saying: 'I do not know who the
Tacoma representatives quoted are, as I
noto their names nrn nnf i,t
my information is from Judgo Henry
uixuiuio or neattie, examiner for the
Macy board in tho northwest, who has
been in Washinetnn nltenillntr thn
foronces and "telegraphed me from there.
x nave n reason to believe that Judgo
MeBrido's information was either incor
rect or immature. I have heard noth
ing further from him since Friday."
RECENT AUTO THEFTS
CfiARGEDTO 4 BOYS
A21 Are Now In City Jail Await
Four youths are now in tho city jail,
suspected of a series of crimes although
they nro legally charged with larceny,
and this record now stands against
them on tho police books, as the boys
have confessed. '
Their names are Ted Kdgar and
Harry M. Hheppnrd of the Oak Grcve
neighborhood in Polk county end Har
very Brown and Chub Staples, of Salem.
The boys are from 15 to 18 years of
In the arrest of the four boys, Sher
iff V. I. Necdham and deputy Bert
Smith, co-operating v.ith Chief Varney
and the pi lice force have finally solv
ed the mystery of the many au'oinobilo
thefts that have been troubling .police
officials for the past two weeks.
Seven automobiles liavo been stolen
in the vicinity of Salem within the past
15 days and in "several instances the
cars were found in the city with either
a blow-out or out of gasoline, showing
that tho thieves had token the cars
for joy riding purposes.
Las: Friday evening a car belonging
to the Archerd Implement company wuj
taken from Chemawa and found the
next morning on Marion otreet. The
same night a Chevrolet was reported
stolen. A day or two luter Mr. Hoff
man of Polk county reported his car
taken from Commercial street Tins
car was later found at 18th and Leo
Last Saturduy night two cars were
reported stolen from the dowa town
districts and these were found luter,
one at Marion and Summer street and
tho other in another part of the city.
The stealing of tho luBt car Saturday
evening was the undoing of tho young
thieves as they were recognized and
two arrests were made Sunday morning
and the other two last night.
The .youths at first refused to tell
anything. But after a lengthy confer
ence with Chief Varney, they told the
whole sordid story of stealing cars
with which to go joy riding with -some
young girls under age and with some
married women, who will probubly bt
railed in to testify when the boys are
brought before Judge Unruh's court
for a hearing.
UPHOLD 8-HOTJB LAW
Wshington, March 24. The supremo
court today affirmed decisions of loworl
courts which upheld the provisions of
Arizona's eight-hour day for women
law, which piovided that eight hours
work should be done within the course
of 12 hours.
Officials Realize That World Faces Necessity Of Bring-'
ing About Hasty Peace Unless Bolshevism Is To Gain
Ground Steadily. Peace Conference Is Having
Trouble In Keeping Extraneous Questions Out Of
Treaty Discussions. .
MONROE DOCTRiE TO
BE VOTEOj TONIGHT
President Wilson And Colonel
House Aire Advocating This
By Carl D. Groat,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, March 24. An amendment to
the leaguo of nations covenant covering
tho Monroo doctriuo, advocated by
President Wilson and Colonel House, is
expected to be presented at tonight's
session of tho leuguo commission.
The proposed amendment would pre
vent any power from acquiring territory
in the western hemisphere by conquest,
purchase, treaty or otherwise, unless the
This article was reported toay lo be
mooting 'with apposition from within
the commission, especially by the Brit
ish and French, who have extensivo In
terests in tho Americas. It could not
bo learned whethor tho president will
attempt to forco through tho amend
ment despite tho opposition, but it was
believed ho will strongly advocate its
adoption, inasmuch as it would remove
much of tho ground for opposition in
tho United Statos. Tho Monroe doc
trino proposal is held by some to mark
a coHsiderablo recession from Wilson's
original position, that the covenant
would not bo ajtercd except in a minor
Tho proposal for changes in the cove
nant submitted by Senator King of
Utah has not yet boon officially com
Japan's, recommendation for an
amendment providing racial equality
was not presented at Saturday meeting.
(A press association dispatch Satur
day said it was Up for consideration.
Tho United Press said its presentation
has been postponed.)
It may be reserved until tho consti
tution is debated bv tho plenary ses
sion. Many of tho delegates are under
stood to favor equality of nations, but
not of nationalities.
Wounded Soldiers 0a
Way To Camp Kearney
New York, March 24. Carryina 109
wounded soldiers, 18 of them littor
cases, the United States hospital train
trom .Now iork to tamp Kearny, Cm.,
will leave at 1:30 o'clock today. It is
scheduled t0 arrive at Camp Kearny at
8 o'clock Friday night.
The wounded men will travel in nine
specially constructed cars, wjiich will
include cu operating c,ur and an obser
vation car. A staff of medical corps
surgeons will bo on hand.
Stops will bo mndo cu route at Chi-1
cago, Kansas City, Topekn, Albuquerque.
and Los Angeles. Mayors' committees I
will be allowed to inspect the train at;
tho various stops.
Lumber Market On
Coast Is Very Active
North Bend, Or., March 24. A stim
ulated demand for lumber and timber
products is indicated here by the in
creasing number of inquiries received
by local lunibor concerns from "dealers
in nil parts of tho country. During the
last 10 days representatives of large
lumber brokers of the coust have visited
this section and placed orders for more
than 20,000,000 feet for early delivery
to tho markets of the middle west. Ono
order for 1,000,000 feet, now being fill
ed by , the Bay Park Lumber company
hero, is for shipment to Capetown,
South Africa. A slight improvement in
market prices is reported from tho lum
Tho revised wage scale, with a mini
mum of $;i.20 a day, is now effctcive in
nil the mills here, though there is com
plaint that tho prices of food products
have not been reduced in proportion to
th st la wanes,.
By Fred S. Ferguson. '
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, March 24. The world faces aa
infinitely more serious situation today
than it did a year ago when the German
super-offensive was at its height, ac
cording to the belief expressed in cer
tain official quarters. This, dospite the
fact the armistice was signed five
months ago and tho peaco couterenca
has boon in session three months.
Instead of military defeat, it ts ceo
no'iiic, fini'n.iiitl and social collapse that
is imw threatening.' Economic,, experts
ngr'.'O that ov-ry duy lost is signing
pea eo tiri'.gs the g',ieral crosis that
:i-.n -:i licari r. - -
Tliore wa. n tii'.ei.cj' today, in fact,
(e regard ll'ingnry 's ci-t'.ou iu forming
tt 5'vlo; republic in rlbfneo with the
lluisinn oHiheVikl lis ii fEuiiiB the crisis
aheidv hits Liiu niched. There was
in uiun.i4iri.iii to hill- the belief that
th;1 lmuni-o nf 1 1 . I n if.ni has been In-c-rc-.ie
I a 1-miJmKoid Ly tins new situ
ation in liuivaiy,
Every'.no Was V'ovking.
''A yciir ngo cMi;,ciie in the world
wns nt w,rk." s-. id one il the leading
economic nnd financial authorities. "If
they were not fighting they were pro
ducing.. In addition, patriotic impulse
v.as,,jrpcediii4 up work. -"The govern
ments hnd control and everyone 'had to
do something. But everything is now
headed for stagnation nnd disorder, un
less speedy counter action is taken.
"In tho meantime, the peace confor
onco is in the worst muddlo since it
opened. The hour of decisions Having
arrived, it enn bo stated that the situa
tion is lis follows: ,
"There is a constant tmiutmr. to '
drag in extraneous questions. For in
stctieo, the Syrian question, which has
no bnnring whatever on peaco with
"The question of territorial rights!
Balmatia is constantly bobbing up, al
though It is purely one for liitor-ulliod
"The Polish quostion has been mid
handled. The war council Bamrtiay;
reached the point whoro it startefl on
this matter and decided to adopt the
program originally proposed.
French Still Hoping.
"Tho French still hope for an inter-"
national pool of war expenditures, In
which tho United Slates would pay tho
majority of tho bills. As an alterna
tive, they suggest internnttonnli7.ation
of exchange. This would bring up thn
economic value of tho franc, with con
scmiont loss in the present value of tho
'Meanwhile, France lies done nothing
to date to meet the serious financial,
situation confronting her, duo to this
hopo of some international arrange
ment. The French people have not been
taxed within fifty per emit ns heavily
ns the British and Americans for car
rying on the war.
"Against tho set program of having
all committee reports submitted by
March 8, only two major committees!
have completed their work tho mili
tary and naval bodies, Reparation,
boundaries and post war economic terms
are still in a fluid stnte.
"At the present rato of progress the
discussion must drag on for weeks. But
certain conferees agreed this cannot bo,
the case. In view of tho reports from
Huugary and Germany, some drnstio
action appears likely to bo tr ken within
a fow days.
"Whether the peace treaty is com
pleted by next Saturday as planned de
pends upon whethor a different program
from tho present bickering is forced
Cof!d Strike On Yukoi
River Has Been Reported
Seattle, Wash., Mar. 24. A gold
ntriko has been made 45 miles abovo
Marshal City and a short 'distance be
low Holy Cress on the Yukon river,
according to E. V. Psfks, owner of
tho only quicksilver mile in tho terri
tory. Parks has just arrived in Seattlo
from tho Kuskowim district, Alaska.
Pnfks met a number of prospectors
nt Aniak, who had stampeded to tho
new diggings and nil of them reported
tifty cent pans had been taken from
tho sands. The creek runs into a slough
of the Yukon river, making it an easy
matter to land supplies at the new
The ground has already been staked
for miles around. Parks thinks it use
less for anyone to start for there from.