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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 15, 1919)
(25 000 HEADERS DAILY)
Only Circulation in Salem Guar-
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE.
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE.
Oregon: Tonight and Sunday
rain west portion, rain or snow
cast portion, moderate south
n n'Ti n I" r f
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. U.
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEW
STANDS FIWj CKNT."
7 U v
j t5 m
fl J!!! -
Since His Return To Pa c lis Popularity Has Steadily
Increased. His PrinY Have Won Out To Such
Degree That French 1 "Daily Defends Him From
Attack Of Some Of :Hr Countrymen.
By William Philip Simms.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
I'aris, March 15. "Beeauso of the
attacks to which ha has been subjected
by certain Americans whose politics
are exaggerated nationalism, President
'Wilson comes back to us dearer to our
kourts than ever."
This sentence from thipen of Auri
cede Wuler, editor of the Paris Midi,
tells iu a nutshell the obvious opinion
of the average Frenchman. Thus Pres
ident Wilson enters the third phaso of
the peculiar status of his relations with
the French people whoso Latiri temper
ament has given full sway to their
emotions iu the past three months.
When the president arrived in Paris
in December everybody lauded his sense
of justice, but many feared his scheme
(for tho league of nations was too Utop-
OF labor mm
Hon. Eagcne E. Smith Speaks
n This Question Last Night
Hon. Eugene E. Smith came to Salem
Wist night with his entire Btock of op-,
tiuiism to the front, for, without dosir-'
ing to appear too confident, he hoped
that the meeting in the state house 1
would provo the initial step in an in
dustrial ovolution in Oregon in fact,
.tlmf it would parallel tne epochal con
ference lit- Chauipoeg in carving out a
new industrial empire.
Tho Salem public was oauiy split up
lust night betweon half a dozen events,
o that his audience was not so large
m it would otherwise have been. The
house of representatives was fairly
well filled, Govornor Olcott and a nuui
ler of state officials being present.
. Treated Subject Exhaustively.
Mr. Smith had a big subject and he
treated it in an exhaustive manner,
demonstrating that he had made a
thorough study of the labor question,
froth in an academic way and by person
al contact. He called attention to the
encouraging fact that the entire civil
ised world was feeling the impulse to
toxou n ai Kina ironi tne earnest ices.
. " .r i. T
uc.umu BUIIieiime lO Hie UlSVUSBlOn
IUU UL cullctliailOU. UIOUIK-
u-.r.. nt... muiuouuu, nilicil ailT tUO Ul-
ten confused in the public mind, He
jilso went into an analysis ot tho Ore-
eon law on this subiect. showimr how
it might fail to Work out in practice.
The 8neakfi, wi J i,:.
wl,i,l, Iia twn. . ,!.... i...
esntblished a mngazine for their propa
w u ..v..uun.y w.ca. ii .J U.UB
Kanda. He pointed out what is al
ready known that .the labor problem is
a serious one that invades every home
and every industry more or less, and
When a feller begin t' ft-el that it
no longer pays t' shave he begins t
niuite fun o' things, he did when he
wuz young. It seems like ever' thing's
imitated these unscrupulous times 'cept
good, upright citizen.
ia wever, he was considered the
wo. -per-thinkcr and was applaud
ed, .ater tho league appeared to be
practical, but many feared that same
senso of justice they had praised might
load him to bo over-lenient with Ger
many. His popularity decreased. To
day tho French admit the necessity of
fooding Germany out of sheer sell-protection,
while they demand formation
of the league as tho only means or sal
vation of tho world.
Wilson's' principles have won out to
such a degreo that tli" French press
daily defends him from the attacks of
some of his own count'vmen.
Tlio Temps nays tho French ''rejoice
at President Wilson's return," and the
Liberto declares 'J the shouts of the
people serve as a reminder to Prosident
Wilson that Paris is faithful to her
Peace Treaty To Definitely
Include World Covenant
New York,, Mar. 15 The pie-
nary council at Paris has de.fi-
nitoly decided that the league
of nations is to be part, o tho
peace treuty, Joseph P. Tumul-
ty, secretary to President Wil-
son, announced today. He de
it: olared the president had so
cabled him.,. :..
Secretary. Tumulty s sfate-
ment was made with reference
to reports that the league
-would not. ibe included in the
.peace treaty. Tumulty's state-
"1 cabled direct to the pres-
ident at I'aris asking him if
there was any truth in these
reports and I am this morning
in receipt of a cable from the
president stating that the 'ple-
nary council has positively de-
cidod the league is to be part
of the peace treaty; that there
is absolutely no truth in any
report to the contrary. '
while we have largely settled the prob
lems of democracy and the contention
among religions, the spectre of indus
trial strife is still ubroad. He held that
it was an injustice on the part of the
press and public to assume tuat organiz
ed labor was responsible for tho strife
and animosity that exists. The leaders
takes.,,, dealing with the situation
a 7 r in t
and labor must not make the same mis'
.i... Wkiln U II1J !. inkr
While he maintained that labor
n0 desire to assume dictatorship,!
as had boen charged, he warned the
pubho that un oss capital assumes a'
" riu difficult to decide between them.
ea l 8aP i f nictI1?U9;. "0W;
eve there ls a hopeful sign m the fact
that great financiers aro devoting at
tention to the labor, problem, being
pressed with the fact that there are
greater things iu the world than muk-
ing money. -
On "Voluntary Mediation."
subiect of "volun -
speaking on the
tary mediation" Mr,
to eiaoorate on the possibilities or the
"industrial council" which has been in
oprcation in England for three years.
He believed that America, had the Other delightful features of the pro
broadth of vision and the ideals to ' gram were a piano solo by Veneta Mc
niake this plan a solution of the great i Kinncy and a vocal solo by Margarite
proportion of all difficulties Uctweea Wible. Following the program the con
capital and labor, as the council pro- j tcstants and a number of others were
vides for the fullest representation of invited (to a luncheon at the Gray
both sides and encourages the fratern-J Belle, through the courtesy of the for
al spirit between employer and employe, ensic manager, Mr. Cooper.
ne was confident that the cooperative 1 1
council would be the next step in in- SILViEETON SAWMILL,
dustrial evolution. - "
' Closing his address he expressed the j The big sawmill of the Silver Falls
hope that this meeting woula prove the Timber company is now working a crow
rirst step in a movement to a better I
condition in Oregon and throughout the
New York Harbor Strike
Dwindled Rapidly Today
Now York, Mar. 13. "The strike
dwindled rapidly today as the boat
owners met the men's demands for an
eight hour day and higher pay, and
operations were -resumed.
According to the estimate of Presi
dent DeJahunty of the .Marine Work
erg Affiliation, four thousand men were
still on strike this morning. This is
about 30 percent of the number that
Conciliator Hughes loday
further effort to mediate
strikers and private boat owners ho
have not yet agreed to the an:i,n terms
Refused To Sign "Round Rob
in" But Favors Amend
ment Of Constitution.
By L. O Martin
(United Press staff correspondent) '
Washington, Mar. 15. Senator Ken-
yon 's statement on the league of na-.
tions was received here today with un
disguised satisfaction by those light
ing tho proposed constitution.
Kenyon's statement, declaring for
amendment of the constitution before
it is submitted to the senate for ratifi
cation, was wade after he had spent
nearly a week dn his home state, Iowa,
talking to his constituents. (Further
than that, Kenyon doclined to sign the
"round robin" of the opposition sena
tors. Ho announced beforo leaving
Washington that he had not made up
his mind on the proposal and would do M
w ..AFi .. . ji" Ji " ."iP
so only after he had gone directly to I
his people and got their views.
The fact that, he now takes the same
stand as the "ccnato 37 who signed
the round robin indicates, .league op
ponents said that the sentiment in Io
wa ,nt lenst, is against the league in
its present form. -
People have a right to demand,"
said Kenyon, "that ambiguous clauses ful than ever todaT that the prelimin
bo made plain in such a document ry treaty would be joady for suomis-
... .f . .... 1 : 4 ai.- i i : ; -hi .i.
which uttects the whole world." ;'"" lo me uviuxmin, uiuuuhk mira
This was taken here to mean that i20 or 22. Under this rnlo there will bo
Kenyon's people are demanding that an "arl.y meeting of the league of na
the league pact's language be cleared ! tions committee, of which Wilson is
Favors More Votes.
His insistence that tho voting pow
er of the United Mtates be- increased
means, league opponents hero said, thr.t
the people to whom Kenyon has talked
regard Britain's plurality or votes over
tho United Mates as a dangeious pro
vision and ono which they will not
Kenyon's statement was accepted by
anti-covenant senators here as showing
unqualified opposition to the- league-in
its present form, but- unwillingness to
embarrass Presideut Wilson ay mu ex
Both proponents and opponents of tho
leaguo will invado the middle west in
tho coining two weeks. Hitchcock is
to speak for the leaguo at Chicago on
March 20. Borah is to speak against
it in Clevelmid next week if present
l .1. 1 1.
ar.antso em o vnrougu, na ,., ,m
Pttcd will Qrtrlrf.a httr motino'a in Sr.
T '. . rL u 11 j
Louis and Ka-nsas City the following
Poiutdexter will leave for Washing
ton Btato probably next week and ex
pects to make some speeches there.
Miss Florence Shirley Wins
The oratorical contest of Willanietto
University, held last night at Waller
Hall undor the scrutiny of six keen
judges, was a worth-while event tar
the audience who listened to the three
orations. The contestants were Thomas ing has boen removed and replaced with
Acheson (America and the League of j new wire under the supervision of In
Nations); Miss Florence Shirley (''The spector Barton.
Marines at Chateau-Thierry"): Wil-
i;.. -Vil.,.11 fOTho Hnrnrd UathaA In
aii tll nrf:nn(1 wr,r
'., Tiit ,., ti,. h
sllirl and Mr, Achc80n beinlr
very cloa; in inU of merit tUat it
the latter showing a very broad grasp
of the problems involved. The honors
were finally awarded to Miss Shirley
im-iWll0 wju tl)u9 represent Willamette at
th int.ereolloiriato contest to be held
at tjie University of Oregon April 11.
The contest last night was in charge
of Prof Della Crowdor Miller, head
0itV 01 "el,a Tllnt D,
fecting the contest with a brief address
with regard to the work of the depart-
of men on repair and putting the mill
in shape to begin the cutting season
We understand the mill people intend
putting on two crews when the season
open up, possibly the first of April.
TONIGHT IS DEAD LINE.
Washington, Mar. 15. Stop! Look!
Listen! . -
Midnight's the dead line on your
income tax returns. If yon don't get
under the wire by that time with your
innermost financial secrets and make
payment number one of a scries of
four antes, then the penalties start to
And they pile on last at the rate or ;
'one per cent per month of procrastina-
Oovernor Clement of Vermont has
vetoed the bill allowing women to vote
at presidential election , ,
WiLSOH STILL URGES
His Return Has Given New
kpshis To Every Depart
ment Of Conference.
By Carl Di Groat.
(United Press Stiff Correspondent.)
Paris, March io. president Wilson
today was expected to urge inclusion of
the Leaguo of .Nations in tho prelimin
ary peace treaty with Germany. It
was understood he believes that such
a course not only is possible but ad
The president's position in this re
gard was to bo made known, it was un
derstood, either at an informal meeting
called this noon or at the session of
the supremo- war council, called for 3
o'clock this afternoon. : At the noon
meeting he w.as to lie officially ac
quainted with the progress made in the
' 7 , T' .'"-
work during his absence.
Despito the activities of tho various
committees while Fie was away, his re
turn has given now impetus to every
department of the peace conference
owing to the fact that settlement of
many questions was contingent on his
judgment and leaders were more hopo
cnairman, ana various nationaities, m-
t Con tinned on page three)
GET FINE TRAINING
At Present They Are Refinish
ing Interior Of Dwelling
T, . . fortlmHte bunch f b
. . J
in the carpenter department of the Ha-
. u , tQ
use carpenter 's tools, not in making
window boxes' and foot stools and yui
arcts, but in remodeling and refitting
a modern dwelling in keeping with the
most approved linos of architecture.
Since last December the class of ton,
under the superyision of E. W. Hock
ert, their instructor, has been at work
on tho interior of a dwelling adjoining
tho school building, completely trans
forming four of the room. The old
casings and moulding have been torn
out and are being replaced with the
finest lumber. All the old electric wir-
Will Hare 13 Rooms.
Whon completed the dwelling will
contain thirtoen rooms and will be one
of the most commodious and convenient
in that part of town. Especial atten
tion is being given the kitchon and
dining-room, which are equipped with
neat cabinets, shelves, refrigerator,
woodlift and other conveniences that
belong t0 the most modern dwelling.
Iu the basement the boys have done,
a big job of evcavating, moved the
furnace and assisted the furnace nuvn
in tho work of installation. They will!
also work as assistant, with the plumb-
It should be noted that all the work
is boing done by the boys themselves;
the instructor simply directs every
more, and any piece of joining or cas
ing that docs not come up to standard
is promptly rejected and must bo done
over again. The result of all this is
that the boys are not only learning
principles and the handling of tools,
but aro getting the actual experience
of construction. Thoy have their note
lifMikfl at. hand and if called unon to do
r ..(,. r.f uinm ,.lr 1.1 IQA , I r. t n I
a ) ' i v v i. v, bUDiuiu t. v I V 111. I. 11.1 IU
Work Ig Excellent.
The advantage of this method of con
struction is further shown in the keen
interest taken by the boys, who have
a feeling of pride as well as a sense
of responsibility constantly upon them,
While they are not making the progress:
of professional contractors, they are . wthin 15 days, it was annouced today,
putting up a class of work that no pro-1 The young anarchist was eonvicted
fessional will ever have a chance to and sentenced late yesterday after a
criticise. trial lasting but a few hours. He was
Mr. Hcckcrt, who is at the head of pale and nervous through tho proceed
this department, is supplementing thejings, but declared during bis cxanuna
building with a course of drawing, tion that had he escaped he might
which occupies a portion of each day. (have made another attempt on the pro
Although still a young man, he is dem-.mier's life.
onstrating th( utmost efficiency in his j He admitted he was "filled with
lino. He took r course at both the Agri-I
cultural Colle) t and .at tne University
of Oregon, specializing in arcnitectual
This training was supplemented .
1 - 1. !.!. 1. I
i iiv everu Years wura wiin ma iuwcrtiwaB commit 10 ma anermtru.
a well known contractor and builder.
formerly superintendent of construction
with the Booth-Kelly Lumber Co.
DUBLIN LORD MAYOR
ANX100S TO KNOW IF
U. S. IS FOR IRELAND
Says ISs Peep's Aral-low
Strike to Gain EpI
By Ralph Conch
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
(Copyright, 1919, By United Press)
New York, -Mar. 15. Foreseeing pos
sible bloody revolution, ho one public
official in Dublin who has the confi
dence of all faction is trving to unite
tho various Irish political elements in
sxino form of ruioiuV home rule.
That man is Laurenso O'Nev'i, lord
muyor of Dublin. Ho was recently in
augurated for his thl'l term. TiiU is
jmuuai, as custom 1'jl ago decreed
Um the lord mayor covld serve but
Although I wont to the Mansion
House to interview O'Neil just before
leaving Dublin a fortnight ago, I soon
fonnd that I was being interviewed in
'.'Is America against vs " hd asked
immediately. ''That is tho only inter
protation I can put on tho failure c-f
President Wilson to acknowledge tho
invitation to como to Ireland, which
was extended to him on behalf .of the
Situation Most Serious.
When asked to give his view of con
ditions in Ireland he said:
'The situation is most serious. The
foelngs of tho people are stirred by
the continual pvesenco hero of thous
ands of soldiers. Nobodv knows what
will happen and everybody fears the
worst. Tho military rule is severe
Men are arrested and imprisoned, often
without trial Nearly one hundred are
in English prisons. (Reports have since
been received in this country that these
prisoners are being released).
'America, we are hoping, will use
her influence to help us better our
condition. But if tho Americans have
lost their sympathy for us 1 don't know
what will happen."
In appearance O Noil ib not at all
what imagination pietmcs the wearer i'f
the gold chain of a 'lord mayor's of
fice. He is Bmall and thick set, not big
and pompous. He speaks with a slight
musical brogue and there is a contuuul
look of weariness in his eyes. His
friends say he works longer hours than
any man in Dublin. Ho sometimes'
makes appointment as early as 7
o'clock in the morning, yisitors aro not
infrequent at the Mansion House at
night after dinner
O Neil is credited with having mane
the big yellow Mansion House "the
only free building in Dublin."
"My position has been difficult be
cause I had to please so many ele
ments," he explained. "My job has
been one of 'pouring oil on -troubled
waters.' Any group can meet here, no
mnttor what thoir political opinions, j
It seems as though everybody.
conies here at least one a day to ;.ha-
test against something. Perhaps u:no,
day the Irish won 't have to protest
continually. Meanwhile, we are sitting,
on the lid; nobody knows when it will
A taxpayers' strike is one form of
direct action now being considered by
the. Sinn Fein national council direct
ing revolutionary tactics in Ireland.
Only One Of Several Measures
This is one of several measures,
short of open rebellion, which the Sinn
Feincrs hope will call the world's at
tention to what they call "Britain's
army of 200,000 bayonets occupying
Leaders say the strike will bo adopt
ed as a national Sinn Fein policy it
the party is successful in winning ma
joritics on the county councils at the
local elections in June,
Under the strike plan, the national
council would begin a countryw
(Continued on page six.)
B1IL COTHNTO BE
OTJl 15 DAYS
Was Convicted Late Yesterday
After Trial Lasting But
pttris, March 15. Emil Cotton, under
sentence of death foi shooting Premier
Clomenceau, probably will be executed
emotion" the day the shooting occur
red, saying that only a lunatic would
have failed to show emotion at such a
time, "especially as I
i i J I)
A irreat erowd attended tho tfial
which began shortly after noon. Cottin
was in charge of four republican guards.
Council Of National Defense, By Means Of This Commit
tee, Intends To Take Over All Branch Agencies Of
United States Employment Bureau, That Have To Do
With Work Of Soldiers And Sailors. Governors, And
Mayors Of Big Cities Will Help In Undertaking.
Washington, Mar. 15. To provide
employment for returned soldiers and
sailors, an omcrgency committee of tho
council of national defense was organ
With the unemployment again' In
creasing, tho committee was believed
to be necessary because of the eighty
percent reduction of the United Slate's
employment service. It will tako over
the soldiors and sailors work of the
Appeals woro telegraphed today to
all governors, mayors of tho principal
cities and chairmen of all state coun-
cilg of defenso asking assistance in tho
worlt and suggesting tho immediate
opening of state and municipal K..o-
ployment offices to succeed the ones
of the federal government that will be
closed March 22. The board will take
over the two thousand branch agencies
of tho- welfare association which have
been directed by the soldiers' and sail
PICTURE Of PARIS TODAY
DIFFERS FROM YEAR AGO
Stage Is All Set For Speeding
Up Work Of Bringing About -'
By Fred 8. xerguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, March 15, One year ago to
day the world coworcd in anticipation
of the launching of Germany's master
offensive of the war. On March 21, tho
blow was struck.
Today the final work of the peace
settlement was well under way, the
terms of which will bring Germany
militarily to her knees. .
No groator picture of the triumph
of right over might could be presented
than tho contrast of tho president of
the world's greatest democracy riding
through the streets of Paris on his way
to the peace deliberations and those
same streets a year ago.
A brillian moon will batho the boule
vards and beautiful Champs iilyssco
with silver light tonight. A year ago
tho same brilliance would have meant
destruction as the Gorman airplanes
wcro above.' Sirens shrieked, the streets
became dosortcd and the city seemed
scarcely to breathe. Tonight laughing
crowds will throng the streets. Hund
reds of children played in the Champs
Elyssco this afternoon beneath the
wheols of long lines of German guns,
which a year ago were hurling death
in support of autrocorcy's last assault.
Jimkertlom Ends In Germany.
In Germany, hunger and revolution
have taken the place of junkerdom.
Allied dolcgntes at Brussels have pre
sented final conditions to Germany
by which she is forced to turn ovcr
her magnificent merchant fleet as pay
ment for food from the larders of her
Complete tho picture, part of these
ships will bo used to carry homo thoso
thousands of American fighters which
the gunerbl staff assured the German
poople would nover reach these shores.
A vear ago America in France meant
a scant four mile lino in tho midst of
tho mud "northwest of Toul" which
was held by the First divisiou. What
American in Fr&nce now means is writ
ten in terms of Chateau-Thierry, the
Aoto Fly Wheel Burst And
Broke Plate Glass Windows
Portland, Or., Mar. 15. Several
plate glass windows at the vomer of
Fifth and Washington sheets wero
smashed yesterday evening when an
automobilo flywheel broke into hund
red of pieces.
Tho flywheel fell oit of the car 'and
into the street befoio disintegrating
and wrecking windows of the Lipmnn
and Wolfe department storo and the
Beingold jewelry store.
Hundreds of persons at the sceno of
the accident miraculously escaped in
jury, Tho automobile, driven by Mike
Do Cicco, was one which had been as
sembled out of parts of several cars
and had recently attracted consider
able attention about the city. The ma
chine wag white in color, with a deaths
hand painted on the radiator.
ors' bureau of the employment service.
Put Bureaus Where Needed
"It will be tho task of the commit
tee," said the organization's first
statement, "to secure the contimmnee
of every such bureau and establish
ment of them in communities where
they are needed." v
Colonel Arthur Woods of New Ycrk,
liaison officer of the war department
in charge of soldiors' employment, is
chairman of tho committee.
Other members aro Chairman Hurley
of the shipping board. Assistant 6.e
retary of the Nnvy Roosevelt, AVhaa
A. Smyth, department of labor; C, I.
Christie, .ssis;aut secretary of agri
culture; B. 8. i Cutler, commerce de
partment; S. F, Bush, industrial board,
E. J. Ayers, interior department; fcv
liott Goodwin, United States chambc
of commerce; Matthew Wnll, Ameri
can Federation of Labor; Director
CJarkson, council of national defense
and John W. Hallowell of Boston.
Vesle, Cantigny, St. 'Miliicl tniftho At-,
gonne. , But oven" more uignifieent is
,1110 fact that now all tho European
turn to America as tho arbiter.
. America Disinterested. "
In the final, dlleate negotiations to
come sho stands out as tho only disin
terested party. Delegates como to Am
erican representatives to present argu
ments or claims, oxpoetiug to get from
them an unbiased opinion.
As the committees are winding up
their rinal recommendations, tho word .
from every delegation is "we are now
waiting for President Wilson."
Numerous questions aro awaiting hia
final word. For instnnce, tho matter
of disposition of the German fleet will
bo presented to him for it is apparent
that a disagreement has also developed
between nnvej and civil representatives;
on other delegations. Tho naval men
in what might bo regarded as a curious
miiiiuer, from the standpoint of prece
dent, favor sinking the ships. One ot
their arguments is that such a coursa
will be in alignment with tho disarm
ament move. Tho civilians oppose sink
ing the ships on the grounds of economia
Except such side issues, tho stage
has been set for spocding tho wor of
bringing about peace. If all move
on schedule, the treaty may bo rendy
and tho Germans summoned by tho an
niversary of the very day when they
began tlieir last desperato attempt l
conuuor the world.
Secretary Daniels Sails ' !
For France This Afternoon
New York. March 15.- Secretary Dan
iels sails for Franco on tho transport
Lcvithnn, which is scheduled to depart
from Hoboken at five o'clock this af
ternoon. Daniels' purpose in goinj
abroad is to study naval devices whicu
have formerly been secret but which
as a result of tho ending of the war
aro now available for his inspection.
I On tho eve of sailing, Daniels joincl
Homer S. Cummings, chairman of tho
democratic national committee, in an
attack on the republicans for their op
position to tho lcugue of nations. They
spoke at the national Democratic club.
Tho speeches were believed by some
political observers to signify practical
acceptance of the league as a 1920 cam
FORECAST FOR NEXT WEEK
Washington, Mar. 13. Fore
cast for the period March 17
to 22, inclusive:
Pacific coast states: Fre
quent rnin probable during tho
coming week with temperature
Theodore Roosevelt's birthplace in
New York has been purchased by a me
morial committee who wi'l res'or it
to the condition that existed daring
the ex-president's boyhood.