t 5000 CIRCULATION. (25.000 READERS DAILY) $ Only Circulation in Salem Guar- anteed by the Audit Bureau of A Wea&sr RepsrL Oregon: Tonight and Wed- nsday rain, mod rato south- Jjt cr!v winds. Circulations. FULL LEASED WIRE. . DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL- LEY NEWS SERVICE. ON TBAIN9 aNI NEWS STANDS wtvt -rv FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 51. SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1919. PRICE TWO CENTS i MILITARY STATUS WILL BE REDUCE TO LOWEST POINT Prussians Will Be Impotent Even Before Smsl Neigh bor Switzerland. TREATY WILL BE GIVEN TO THEM AT VERSAILLES If Enemy Refuses To Sign, Alternative Is Allied Occu pation Or Stavaiicn. By Fred S. -Ferguson (Tinted Press staff correspondent) Pa'ris, Mar. .11. With the military terms adopted and rapid progress be in,? made ' toward completicu of the other provisions, it was learned today Mi at the preliminary peace treaty may be ready to present to the Germans by March 20. : . ' Prom the greatest war maker in the world, Germany will 'be reduced to 4 military status lower than that oi er smallest neighbor. Bhs will be impo tent even fbefor Switzerland. The conscription fystem will .be I: uaeked out by .ft twelve year enlist ment required for the army which, it is understood, will be reduced to 100, 000 men. What army the has, conse quently, will :be purely professional. The danger of Germany having .four or five million trained men within .he next ten years, which would have been icssible through conscription, will be ftbolishcd. All iguns, munitions and equipment in oxeess of the amount necessary for her reduced army will lie surrendered. It is understood also fchat tho notorious general staff will le wiped out. To Present Firm Front If any attempt is made to carry out the threat .to refuse acceptance of the jeace reaty and throw the country in to chnos if tho terms are too harsh, Germany will find the allies presenting firm front. The choice in such a ease probably lies 'between occupation of Germany and continuation of the blockade, let ting the enemy starve until they arc ready to sign. Considering the compar ative contentment in the present oc cupied portions of Germany, the lat ter course ig considered more likely. Under present plans, the treaty will lie handed to the Germans, at Versail les immediately after their arrival there The enemy delegates will then lie allowed to return to Berlin or Wei mar for consultation with their, gov ernment, afterward eominJg back to Versailles for the formal signing. That ('Continued on page two) t Abe Martin One redeeaiin' f. attire about a grouch you hav t' attack him first. No-luiddj- seehis t' have a much fun at a nr'y a th' feller that duln' know i! uz goin ' t ' ba a dress suit affair. 20. IS Frank W. Mondell, Wyoming, Republican Floor Leader Washington, Mar. 11. Rep resentative Frank W. Mondell of New Castle, Wyo., today was elected republican floor leader in the next congress. Tho vote for Mondell was 100 to 23, the latter number merely voting ''present," fifty throe votes were absent from the meeting of tho republican committee on committees. Previous to the nomination of Mondell, Eepresenruvivo Mniui, Illinois, present republi can floor leader, was chosen to agnin lead the republican forces in the house, but declined the nomination. The vote for him was 154, twelve voting against him and two voting for Kcprc-se- tative Longworth of Ohio. ffi CILIN ARE LOVE 1 8. Wrote Essays On "Why Such Enthusiastic Reception Was Given Wr'son. Paris, Fob. IS. (By mail) '.' What were the reasons for the enthusiastic reception. f President Wilson . at Par is?" "'- -': This was tho subjects of composi tions in practically every school in Franc after the American president 's. arrival here. Here is a typical develop ment of the theme, writen by little Charlotte Girod. aged 10, of 1 'institute l'lliuntnond in the shadow of the Sor bonne: ' "Paris prepared the enthusiastie cel ebration of President Wilson's arriv al because- he came to our aid, ami caused to ,bo raised an army of 3,000, 000 men who saved Fiance and the world. The Americans,, are . brave sol diers who let nothing discourage them. Parisians proved their gratitude for what America had done by receiving President Wilson with acclaim." . Here la what Phyllis Jacqueline, aged wrote: ' Paris .tcted President Wilson be cause he came to the aid of France at the moment the Germans were attack ing the hardest. And maybe the Ger man's feel themselves ill at ease then! But the Americans and the French did not occupy their time thinking about that. Not at all! And the wicked Ger mans died and died and died! ''Anil that's why little French chil dren love President Wilson lots and lots and America and her armies." Thus are the French teaching grati tude towards America. SPINACH IS HARDY AS AN Op CROP Mr. Gill Tells About Possibil ities Of This Vegetable If Grown Properly. By E. W. Gill. Spinach is one of our hardiest vege tables and is exceedingly easy of cul ture. In recent years it lias Become very popular and its consumption ha been greatly increased. From a health standpoint it ranks very high. No home garden should be without spinach and the opportunity to plant it on & large scale is determined by the demand ere ate.d by cannera. dehydrating plants and general market nse. Cliniutie conditions in Oregon aro ideal, for spinaeh as it thrives best in a cool moist climate and conditions here mako for tho very best of either green, or processed by the manufacturer. Location. Spinach requires well drained soil containing plenty of humas. It : eeds a deep soil with a- propensity for retaining moisture. There aro plen ty of loontion8 everywhere in Oregon well suited to spinach but low, mucky soils will not give good results. Preparing the soil. It is imperative to have the soil thoroughly prepared by plowing and discing so that all clods r.re pulverized and hard places elimin ated. Beware of working the soil when I (Continued on page seven) Colons Of Third Oregon To Be Stored With State's Treasures At Capitol Portland, Ore., March 11. The torn and tattered regi- mental colors of the famous ivd Oregon infantry will be stored with the state's most precious treasures in the capitol at Sa- leni. The flag made its last ap- pearanco for somo time, prob- ably, here yesterday afternoon when, it appeared at the head of 2.")0 veterans of the Third wno paraded following thicr arrival from Camp Lewig at 4 o'clock. These men, who served in France as niombers of tho 162nd infantry, returned home as civil- iuns, having been honorably dis- at tho contonement. After being welcomed at the Union Station, the roturning heroes marched to. tho municipal auditorium where they were fet- cd and fed. The 2o0 men who came homo yesterday composed the contin- gent which was sent to Camp Lewis ui'xler command of Col- onnl John L. May and belonged to the First battalion of the 102. LBANE D1DN7 ACT -LIE COMING BAC1 Ills Boat With Frankio Brown Got Him Nothing But Multi tude of Jeers. By Tom Lewis. (United Press Staff Correspondent) New York, March 11.. Johnny Kil bano may bo coining back, as ho has declf.Tcd, but if his last night's fiasco :vitli Frankic Brown of Philadelphia is anv criterion ho will be a long time arriving at his scheduled designation. The Kilbane special was all but wrecked in transit. Kilbane, one time idol of American boxing fans, once left the ringside with iho cheers of the multitude ringing in liis ears. Last night he got no cheers. But there were jeers in supcrarjund ance. The Kilbano who faced Frankio Krown was not the same Kilbano who made Joe Rivera look like a selling plater, who boxed circles around Abe Attell and who gave George Cannoy the lacing of his life. The Kilbano of today carries too much excess baggage a.id in that baggage there is no punch. Johnny said he had somothing up his sleeve but ho was mistaken. iho "something" wag in the sleeve of one Frankio Brown, a hard fisted youngster from New York. Knocked Kilbane Down. Brown not only knocked Kilbane down but almost knocked the erown from the Kilbano dome. Moreover, ho out-point ed the would be "comeback." , The wise ones agreed that if Johnny was looking for easy pickings ho backed his push cart up to the wrong market. Aside from this, the boxing fang are asking some pertinent questions. Has Kilbune really pone back. Was ho box ing at his best or trying for a return engagement and stalling his way thrul Did ho deliberately let Brown flatten him, or did Frankie hand him this little surprise party without leave or hind rance T One thine is certain if Johnny was going at his bost, he stands sorely in need a chin strap to hold his crown in place. . say Sir Phmkett Is Really Agent British Government Boston, Mass., March 11.- oir Horace & t-t Plunkctt, Irish statesman on & visit to the United States, was denounced as an! agent of the British government by Ir- Dusseldorf and Silesia. ish leaders here today. 42ND DIVISION OEDEEED HOME "Sir Horace Plunkott should eome . out in his truo colors, namely as an Washington, March 10. General Per agent for tho British government, "jshing cabled tho war department today Matthew Cummins, former head ot tho 'that ho had ordered the Forty Second ancient order of Hibernians, declared division to "prepare for return to the today. "HiB mission hero is English ! United States." propaganda, pure and simple. The few War department officials said the nice things he has said about Ireland averagetime between the order to pre have been. camouflage." pare to return and the actual sailing Flunkfttt's addresses have brought was one month, forth & storm of protest, particularly! ' from the Sinn Fein societies and the The resignation of Baonbridge Colby Friends of Irish freedom, tie bj.-poscd as a member of the shipping board has separation of Ireland from England, .been accepted. FOOD EVMLLY TO BE LGWLtlN PRICE WiD Establish Prices That Will Stand Until Normal Conditions Resumed. ".",- Washington, March 11. Prices on most of the basic commodities, includ ing food, will bo brought down within sixty to ninety days, George N. Peck, chairman of the new industries board of the commerce department, predicted today. Tho new board plans to call .repre sentatives of each of the industries to Washington, decide on fair prico sched ules that will relieve the business stag nation and will then recommend these prices to the public , Steul men submit Schedules of post bellum prices tomorrow.They will be fol lowed by brick, cement, fuel, lumber, food and textiles. To Have Price Schedules. "The board hopes to establish price schedules that will stand until the nor mal law of supply and demand can take effect r.gain," Peek snid. "Our whole aim is for prices that will establish confidence enough to relieve the present business stagnation, and send us into what all agree should be an era of pros perity." One of the things tho board intends to do is to talk lower prices at all times, members said today. They are frank in their criticism of tho policy uf somo government agencies in pre- licting- much higher figures for some commodities. ... .. . . The statement of the food adminis tration that pork wilL.gp! much higher, with tho discontinuance of tho $17.50 price, lias immediately Drought an la- creased hog price, with more pork in storago in the country than ever be fore, one member Said.: To Kojiove irregularities . Efforts of tho board will also bo directed toward removing somo irregu larities in the prico schedule of the var ious industries. Foil, '.instance, w.ulo tlio averago increase of steel and its products is about 115 per cent over pro-war prices, building hardware baa increased 180 per cent. . Efiorts will be made to bring all down to a fair lovel. Complete cooperation between the board and the railroad administration has been promised and this may mean that some of the high freight rates will bo lowered, particularly In build ine and road materials as requested by the recent conference of governors aad mayors. Tables of the board show 'that food has gone up 103 per cent over the pre war figures, with milk and eggs show ing the highest increase. Building ma terials averaged a 100 per eent increase. MAKE ORDERS THAT ARID HEN EXCEPT; TR0OPSWILLISIO1 As Result Of This Several Spartacans Were Killed By Loyal Soldiers. Baste, Marcn n. war Minister iNosKB, issued a proclamation ounday to thel effort that autyone seen carrying armsj except government troops would be shot immediately, according to Berlin dis - patches toduy. As a result or tnis oruor tnreo epar - tacans wero shot by government troops. in response me opanacans nuoi, mru lovai soldiers. "Spnrtacans' cruelty and bestiality compel mo to order ajiyone found bear ing arms against the government to be shot immediately," tho decree said. Parts of tho city occupied by goveru ent' troops are calm, tho dispatch said. Elscwhcro tho Spartacaus aro cuuuuu iug their misdeeds. Leipsig Captured. Zurich, March 11. Leipsig lias been captured by the government troops, which inflicted defeat on. the Sparta- cans, it was reported in a dispatch from Berlin toaay, Dispatches yesterday reported . the city completely surrounded by govern ment troop, while airplanes were drop ping bombs on the Spartacans entrench- on the outskirts of the city. Siege In Silesia. Zurich, March 11. The Wolff Bureau,', the country will be purchased semi-official German news agcncy,an- i.t.r i,n ,:a a il.i il. - , A uounceu. louuy iiia-v ui stria. i& cmr ed in central Germany, but said a state of siege has again been proclaimed in WARNS REPUBLICANS TO GO SLOW IN STAND ACA1TX0VEHANT Taf t Says Too Much Crlliciosi Of League Of Nations En dangers Party. By Robert J. Bender. (United Press Staff Correspondent) Washington, March xi. nojmuiican supporters of tho league of nations, headed by Former President William H. Taft, are warning G. O. P. opponents of the Wilson covenant against a too rigid stand, lest they ono!i.-r . the party. It is now generally admittecf umi un the peace treaty conic8 back from France tho league of nations will bo part and parcel of it. The whole of thu drafting of tho treaty in Paris hti boon built on the promise of a lcaguo of na tions a'ld practically every article in some way is applicable under league rules. ' - Still State of War. lleuco, tho treaty, whon completed, if it failed of ratification in a republi can senate because tho league af nations was a part of it, the wholo work of drafting tho treaty would havo to bo done over again and in, tho meantime tho treaty would remain imffecitvc and a state of war would continue as now. The party responsible for holding up ratification of tho treaty would un doubtedly be charged thereafter by the opposi-g party with having prolonged tho war. Might be Split. Tuft's move and the difference of opinion existing in both parties have created tho belief here that there is a possibility in 1020, if the peace treaty is not ratified, of tho electorate split ting up into a new alignment thoso for and those opposed to ratification of the league. The fight would then be with the issue of moderate interiuvtionalism, as opposed to a strict nationalism. , Iu this connection there aro now strong organizations backing both, the elements favoring'and oppostg trio lea gue? each organization determined to enrrv the fight to the finish. Owing to the feet, however, that the leading republicans opposing the Wil son covenant favor 'some league, tho hope is expressed by friends in both the republican and democratic parties that tho president will recommend clarifica tion of questioned articles s0 as to re move much of the ormosHion and asstirf thcMeivgue's rntificMinn. FORD ILL EMPLOY ffl tp PLANT Is Now Engaged Oa Design Of New Model Car To Sell Around $300. Detroit, Mich,, March 11. Henry Ford expects to give employment to 200,000 persons in the plant he proposes to erect for the manufacture or auto mobiles to sell around 300, ho Baid to ,-1Tho nt F(ml Motor u,lll(,,y j(ivs about r)0000 mcn whije our - ny wi off(!r employment to . five" time, that number," Ford 1 .(j Ford said his plans for the new com ; ... . no affect tTie pre,cnt jonJern and that tho Ford stock wr.s gr mlo Th() con(,CTn wjn keep on diiine business an usunr. To be Separate COEipajiw. "This will bo a separate company en tirely," ho said. "Kdsel Ford will remain as president of the Ford Motor company to. protect our interests and the i r.t crests of the thousauus or, cm nloves. " VnrA nid it was safe to slain tho "old homo town" would bo the head quarters of the new company. Ford is rnnorted tn be actually engaged on the design of the new esr on his farm at Dearborn. Edsel Ford said it wag impossible to give out exact plan as yet, but ex pressed tho hopo that the bu,;c. s "f the plants would be started early next year. Two sites have alrady been sel ected, ono at Hamilton, Ohio and tho Uthe. nt Green Island. N. Y, Others all ' - . General Trolley Strike Starts Tomorrow At Newark Xewurk, N. J., Mach 11. A general trolly strike in this city and throughout northern New Jersey will start at four; what i8 known as the sulphite prucew). o'clock tomorrow morning. This tn-jThis does not include what is general - nouiiccment was made today by William J ly known as the ordinary newspaper ;poratio:i, they predict, will be the only Wepner, presiderjt of tho trolley men's print. ; organization of the food administra tion, The building of the '500,000 paper lion to remain in existence aster July Between 3300 and 4000 mcn will walk mill in Bait m is one of the many signs lBt. ? out. The men want recognition ot the Within the past year 6000 Americans in Franco jiave married French women, Declare Legislation Must Be Enacted That Will Keep Agi tators Out Of Country, Curb And Punish Those Try ing To Undermine Government, And Keep Teaching Of Bolshevism Out Of Mails And Public Prints. By L. C. Martin (United Press staff correspondent) Washington. Mar. 11. Drastic laws to euilb activities of anarchists, I. W. W.. social revolutionist,! and bolsheviki in America will bo recommended to congress iby the senate committee whih has been investigating bolshe vik activities, members said today. Hearings are nearly ended. Practic ally the only evidence the committee will havo of bolshevik propaganda in tho United States i$ now being sub mitted in the form of newspaper clip pings, pamphlets, bonlts ana papers sent through tho mails. The committee has so far tailed to find ovidenco of an organized propa ganda ytom paid for by foreign mon ey or directlyconnectcd with me lius- sian bnlshoviiu. I. W. W'a Potent Influence Out of the miisg of testimony sub mitted, committee mom'bors said todny ono clear fact has disclosed inaeif the I. W. W. in tho United States is the moit potent influence for the spread j of tho doctrines of unrest. The committee has 'been hearing ' about- Russia and tho doings of the bol- sheviki there, until it seemed, Senator i King said, that tho investigation's real puiposo had been lost sight, of. This I was to ' determine how extensive bol-. shovik activities, in the United States Half I Million Dollar Paper Mill Will Be Located On Site Of Old Salem Flouring MI, Trade And Front Streets Plans are practically completed for tho 'building wilihin a few uionths of a half million dollar paper mill in Sn- icm, to ,be located on Mill creek on tho site of the' old Balem Flouring mill, Trade and Front streets. The mill will be owned and operated by men interested .in the Spaulding IjOgguiig company ami 'besides Salem interests, stockholders will Include Portland investors who own stock in tho Crown Willamette Mills at Oregon City. The main building for tho one large inaehino for paper making will he HO by 150 feet and of two stories. In ad dition ,to this main building there will bo several smaller ones in connection with'the plant. Tho largo machine that goes into the making of paper is more tlian 100 feet long and the cost is close to $125,000. The factory will bo equipped at first with tho ono machine but tho building is so constructed that after the busi ness gets under headway, another of tho machines can be installed. , Employ 100 Men . It is estimated that the paper mill will employ at least 100 men and later 200 employes will bo necessary for maintaining tho output of the mill. - F. W. Ledbotter, vice president of the Spaulding Logging company, will have charge of the construction. He is a practical paper mill man, having owned and operated a mill at Camas, Wn., and having been also' interested in several paper nulls ibefore they were consolidated into one ' company known as tho Crown Willamette Paper Mill company. Besides being vice president of the Wpaulding Logging 'Co...Mr. Lcd bctter is a director in the Northwest ern National bank of Portlautl and a heavy stockholder in the Crown Wil lamette Paper Mill to. Just before t.bo beginning of the war (there - wa talk of building the mill hero in Salem but with the war coming on, the proposition was dropped. How ever as soon as peace was in sight, those interested in buildin.g here again took up tho matter, until" now tho plant is practically assure!. miko uiRtt uraae rapei The paper to be manufactured is to be o hinh irrude only, manufactured by tnat tno city is aue ror e rapia growin I within the next few years. By next fall tho Steusloff & Cres packing; house will be in operation employing close to 100 men and there is a well have been and to report on means for counteracting them. , King flslicd Raymond Robius wheth er he knew of any organized propa ganda movement in tho United States. Rcbing replied he did not, but added that "every I. W. W. in America is spreading bolsheviki id.as." Ssoi to Replace Government The statement wag made to the com mitec in a memorandum submitted thru the office of Solicitor Lamar of the post offic? department and prepared by Jnniej D, Ho-ton This mcrnonmue.iri declared the 1 W W are the most -ct-ivc of the raaknb seeking; to ren'uco , the American government with a bcl-, slieviki republic. . . Committee members today declared they feel the investigation has clearly 5 shown that the Russian bolsheviki mean, 'if they can, to extend their sys tems to all the world, oven to the ex- ' tent of helping revolutionists with force if necessary. They declared losr- lslation must be enacted that will: .1 Keep agitator cut of the coun-. trv. 2 Curb and punish thso trying to undermine tho K ivernmejit. 3 Keep teaching .'of bolshevism out of th) mails and public prints. Senator Overman, committeo ehnir man, indicated no more witnesses will be culled now unless lomo good reason is Bhown for enlling them. E or oaiem founded rumor that ci:her a bo fac tory will locate in the city or the ine- . tory ihcre now will daiblo its cnpe, ,y. With tlio Pheasant No.'thwt's-t Pro ducts company bvrrliing out into thu manufacturing of joins and j:-llies and the extensive prune dryer to be erect ed this spring on Murth Commercial street, and with Kalem becoming tho -confer of the fruit Industry of , tha niTtihwest, and n 'mi'vher of other diis incfn interest a that will expand this spring and summer, there is abundant evidence that Salem is just about to experience a material yrowth and also . an abundnnco of prosperity along with ' it. The building of the big paper mill and other industries that aro absolute- -ly nssured, and the Wonderful increaso , in tho sales of real estate both in town and in tho city, and the assurance tlmt Marion county within few years will ihnve 100 mileR or more of hard surfaced market rinds these all tiuitt to but onl way. And that, way, acced ing to those who are will informed on general conditions, is that Salem is about to finally enmn into its own. Wilson Opposed To Many Changes In Leap; Draft By Carl D. Groat. (United Press Staff Correspondent) Aboard U. S. H. Oeorgo Washington, -. Mar. 11. President Wilson was suffer ing from a slight cold today, but Ken? Admiral Grayson said it was not ser ious. Tho president received a great .. quantity of wireless mes-tnges from Paris, detailing tho progress cf tho pence work Ho flpent some time in his stato rocm going over this data. I' was ; announced that he will go from Brest ' direct to Paris and Ret into immediate touch with Secretary Lansing. Colonel Houso and olher inombers of tho Amer ican delegation. According to those close to tho presi dent, he is not disposed to consent tn ! any radical changes in tne league or -, Nations draft, but will await the result ! of conference. with other delegates bo- ' fore making a definite statement in this regard. , - HOOVER BACK TO CALIFORNIA. ' San Frnncirco, March 11. Herbert Hoover will return to California in July ' and resume engineering worn, is th ' opinion expressed hero today by his. . former associates.- Hoover's grain eor- j Approximately ."00,0f 0,000 wnl He spent by the ovornment. on nignwsy construction during tho coming season, 1 giving employment to 100,030 men.