Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, March 05, 1919, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
W ea&er Report
Oregon: Tonight and Thurs
day raiu west portion, fair east
portion, moderate southerly
Revolutionists Also Ask Release Of Political Prisoners In
Demands Presented To Government British Press
Advocates Moral Suppvf Of German Body Now In
Power To Keep SpartaciVjrom Gaining Control.
By Frank J. Bender.
(Unitod Prcs8 Staff Correspondent.)
Berlin, Mar. 5. Demands of the revo
lutionary radicals were presented to the
" government tonight as follows:
Trial of tho liohenzollems, Von Hin-
deiiburg, Ludeadorff aud Von TirprUjed out without waiting for formal ap-
1 tl nl . a .. . . -.T .1
vy a peuii.eo muuuoi. I
iinmeaiato release or au pontics!
prisoners, including George Ledebour
I TJ.1.
l( - u.v". ;uwillg 10 llie Oiauriiiuiio irvuonj It-3U1UU
Diaannaiuout of all volunteor regi-; from plundering.
' inents and building up of tho red guard. Quick Peace Necessary.
Establishment of a political and com- London, March 5. The new revom
inereial alliance with tho Russian so- tion in Gormuny, apparently backed -by
,viets. the weight of the prenter part of the
The govcrniuenttonight was niobili- I workers and all radicnl elements, had
zing republican guards and regulars des- resulted today in growi ig i-.pprcciation
Ijite the claim of the radicals that the of tho necessity for speeding conclu
governuient force8 had promised to join sion of a preliminary peace,
jtlie rebels. - The British press was advocating
' The radicals, declared, however, tnat moral support of tho present German
tne rest or tno country is organized ana
ready to join tho new revolution,
l acing Grave Danger.
Copenhagen, March 5. Tho German
government is facing its gravest and
possibly its final test of authority, it
was indicated in the dispatches reoeiv-
-.1 1 AJ
With disorders growing in Berlin, the
general striko was reported to have
spread to Leipsig, where Spartacans
were said to be entrenched to oppose a
leagued forco of government troops ap
proaching tho city.
Armed classes nave occurred in tno
Tiergnrten and Wiemarstrasso at Ber
lin and plundering and rioting was
said to bo going on in, all parts of the
oily. Several units of government
troops wero reported to bo wavering in
their loyalty and threo additional div
isions wero being hurried to the city.
Troopa Occupy Depots.
Government troops have occupied the
artillery depots and warehouses at Span
dau, where 47,000 workers aro on strike.
The independent socialists aro sup
porting the strike and decision of the
nmiin nr nm iirii(nii President Wilson By Wire-
, i ' . . Washington. Mar. 5. Director Gen-
II 1 ' I P 0ral Hi,1P3-totlay ia formulating plans
Mayor Hansen Issues Mate- fr meeting the serious financial tr0U-
mnl Tmloir RJUtwa Tn WeB confronting the railroad adminis
EIQIU lOaay MZ.UK 10 .ration as a result of the senate's fail-
Yesterday's Election.1 ,. ;unXT'm'm, flppr01,ria"
i ' ' . He is expected to lay his conclusions
'Seattle, Wash., Mar. 5. Calling on before President Wilson, . by wireless
Seattle, labor to purge its ranks of bol- within a few days and the president
ghcvlsts and anarchists, Mayor Ole wiil determine the future' policy. With
Hanson issued a statement today rela- immediate need of $31:5,000,000 duo
tive to yesterday's city election which W'O railroads in rentals, approximate
resulted in the defeat of threo 'lab- V 200,0(JO,000 to take up or renew
or" candidates. Insane leadership of nlalturi'r bonds, and many millions duo
labor's forces in Seattle brought about 'lu(1tri!9.,0" supplies already prorvid
the defeat of the three men endorsed fdAh,en; Jnl,tt" '?9, ""
for tho city council. ly Ml.0000.000 on hand with which to
The statement in part follows: ;. ' Two Courses Suggested
a jiw uticau'u i-niituuait'S iiutru liU6
fecl humiliated. Their defeat was not
Hrsonai out wss orongut nouot Dy we
insane leader of the Ault-Strong-Green
soviet crowd. The people of Seattle
aro not ready to harken to the disloyal
utterances of such carpers as the Un-
ion-Record a id the man who edits the
" Union labor has repudiated its false
tenders. - with or without the government s as-
"The voters okehed every act of the sistance.
city officials during the strike. The Many senators and some of the rail
people of Seattle are ready at any roa,l administration officiialg are coun
ting to elect members of organized aellinff the first course. The difficulty
of the second course, it is pointed out,
(Continued on page five) j is that if the government docs no'.
, stand back of the roads attempting to
Acting Governor Olcott to
day issues the following state
ment to the public:
As a tribute to the memory
of Governor James Withyeombe
it is respectfully suggested that
all departments of the state gov-,
eminent remain closed all of
Thursdr.y, March 6, 1919, the
date of the funeral. It is far
ther suggested that the flags
on all state buildings and ar-
mories be. placed at half mast
for a period of 30 davs from
March 4th.
ma "2 w. socialists trades unionists as
to w."V $x they should join the demon
stratiii j expected hourly, Printers
the Tageblutt, Vosiche
"S1 Anzieger, Morgenpost
gnj 0tber non radical newsparers walk
proval or tneir unions, in one or. tnese
papors were able to publish,
p00,j is SKi3 to be growing scarcer
.... . 11!
government, as well as supplying the
country with food. Tho newspapers ex
pressed fear that unless this was done
tho allies would not be able to collect
any indemnity. A Spartacan victory,
they pointed out, might necessitate iji
armed occupation of Germany for n
indefinite period.
Conflicting reports wero received to
day regarding the progress ofthe now
revolution. The uprising was to have
been signalized by a general uprising
in Berlin. The latest direct reports
from that city indicated tho strike, call
ed Monday evening, was attended by
riots in which the Spartacans were at
least temporarily successful.
Seize Police Station.
They are said to have seized the
central police station, Later uncon
firmed reports said that War Minister
Nosko, by employment of largo bodies
of troops, had succeeded in restoring
order and that the city was still under
martial law.
No confirmation had been received of
(Continued on pnge two)
Turn .,11,1,J10 n-KInt, A
m ,j V u I ,1C3, im. u 1U VC ITCH
gested as a means of solving the dif-
!:,, ,..
Trn the railroads tack to private
management again, the igovcfnmeut to
exercise a form of guardianship pend-
ing the readjustment, to prevent !Ol-
lapse of any of the systems; or
Ifnve the railroads go to tho bank-
ing interests and borrow the money,
borrow money they may experience
great difficulty, and if the govern
ment does secure any such loans, it
would create a condition where gov
ernment railroad bonds would be com
peting with liberty loan bonds and
notes on the open market.
Improvements Deferred
Whether one. of these or some other
solutirtn is, reached in handling the
problem, it is certain, railroad officials
sa.id, that Improvements and exten
sions must be deferred and operating
cos!s must be trimmed wherever pos
sible. 'Meantime rMoreg bt thousands of
railroad stock and bond holders are
left in doubt todav as to whether or
(Continued on page two)
tern At 2 Tomorrow Morn
ing For Seattle Where An
other Joyf est Awaits.
Portland, Ore., Mar. 5. Vour offi
cers and 472 men of the o9th regiment
arrived in Portland on a special train
at 8 o'clock this morning. All the sol
diers, who recently arrived home from
ovorseas duty, are from the states of
Oregon and Washiington. The Oregon
ians originally belonged to tho Ore
gon coast artillery regiment.
Tho artillery men 'greeted tho thou
sands at the Union station with:
"Oui, oui, 'beaueomip de joy, trez
been, toot ewect, oo la, fa."
This mixture of French and English
means tflie Yanks are blamed glad to
be home, and a few other overjoyed
Major Marlon in Command
Major if. r. Marion of Seattle is
in command of tthe returning ..heroes.
Tho othor officers aro Captain R. M,
S'tith, Seattle, surgeon; Second Lieu
tenant R. D. Alvorsen, Everett, Wash.:
Second Lieutenant L. R. Woods, Cor-
One hund od and six of the 478 men
aro from the state of Washington. The
others aro Oregonians. '
Relatives and sweethearts of the ar
twiorymcn were allowed an 'hour ill
which to visit with the boy at the
station, after which the- Yanks formed
a parade which traversed .Sixlh street
to Morrison, Morrison to Third, and
thou along Third to the Auditorium,
whero a Ibilgi "dhow" had been pro
vided. It was followed by a general
pow-wow with a few welcoming speech
Red Cross workers tho Multnomah
guard and band, and Salvation Army
g:ir ,s mppearod an the parade, Practic
ally nil other Portland citizens were
seen on tho sideiwalks or in buildings
affording a good view of tho paraders
The doors of all theaters ana cluws
of tho city wore thrown open to the
members of the Kixty ninth during the
afternoon. Those who cared to make
the trip wore taken in automobiles ov
er tho Oolumma highway, ine evening
entertainment includes a dance, with
music and many eiirlg provided.
Tho Sixty ninth will leave Portland
at a a. m. Thursday morning lor se
attlo where another monster celobra
tion awaits tho boys, many of whom
hailed from -tho state of Washington.
I0W0WAT 2 P. H.
Services Will Be Conducted
By Dr. R.N. Arisen, Pastor
Of Methodist Church.
The funeral of Governor James
Withyeombe will be held Thursday af
ternoon at 2 o'clock from the First
Methodist church. Tho services will be
conducted by Dr. E ST. Avison, pastor
of the church and a friend of the gov
ernor. Wallace McCamant, who was ap
pointed a inetnber of the supreme court
by Governor Withyeombe will deliver
the eulogy.
The body will lie in state in tho
church from noon tomorrow until 2
o'clock, when the casket will be closed,
not to be re-openod Tho body guard
during the time the body lies in state
and during the services will include
members of the Oregon Agricultural
College cadets. The O. A. C. cadets will
act as an escort to the cemetery.
The music for the funeral services is
in charge of Mrs. Hallie Parrish Dur
dall. This will consist of but one solo
by MrB- Durdall who will sing by spec
ial request " One - Sweetly Solemn
Prominent citizens from Portland
and other parts of the state will arrive
in the city tomorrow to attend the ser
vices. This will include officers of the
Oregon national guard and Oregcn
guard and Adjutant General C. F Bee
be, of Portland. Members of the Su
prcme Court and state officials will at
tend in a body. Mayor C. E. Albin an
nounces that the city officials of Sa
lem will attend.
Business Suspended.
Business will be suspended in Salem
tomorrow afternoon from 1:30 until
3:30 o'clock. At a meeting of the di
rectors of the Business Men's League
of the Commercial club held this morn-
continued on page six.)
fpllffi LEADERS
First Time Iky Have Met In
Majority Caucus Roosa In
Eight Years.
Washington, March 5. Republican
leaders met today to organize the next
houso of representatives for the -business
of the first session of the Sixty
Sixth congress.
For the first time in eight years tho
republican committee on committees
met in the majority caucus room of the
houso office building, under tno leader
ship of Representative Mann, of Illin
ois. Until noon yesterday tms room,
was reserved for democratic gatherings.
The first business of the cemmitoe
on committees, which is made up of
3b" mcmbors, one from each republican
state delegation, is to choose & floor
leader and a steering committee of
which the floor loader will be chairmau.
Draw up Rough Program.
Tho next thing will be the assignment
of various members to tho various
house committee and the drawing up
of rough details of a legislative pro
gram, which the republicans hope to
start beforo the next congress is many
days old. '
The meetings of the comnnttoe may
continue for a week, Mann said today.
The one chosen floor, loador will bo
without assignment on any legislative
committee. Under tho democratic or
ganization, the chairman of tho ways
and means committee 'was the floor
leador, No republican today would ven
ture a prediction as to who woulS get
the job that ranks in importance with
tho speakership itself.
Mann May be Floor Leader.
Representative Mann, present floor
leader, said he will not have it. Rep
resentative Longworth, Ohio, is known
to be tho choico of Representative Gil
lotto, slated to bo next speaker. Others
mentioned are Representatives Moore,
Pennsylvania; Mondoll,. Wyoming and
Graham, Pennsylvania -
,". Committee chainnon will in all prob
ability be choso under undor the senior
ity ruleby which the oldest republi
can on, a committoo in point of sorvico
will got tho chairmanship. This leaves
littlo in tho way of assigning outside
the placing of new members and the de
termination of tho proportion of demo
crats ami republicans on each com
Tentative republican plans call forj
tho meeting of tho more important com
mittees, such as the ways and means,
appropriations, naval and military af
fairs, within tho next few weeks, to
draw up legislation for presentation
at the re-oponing of tho session.
The ways and means committee plans
to start the framing of a now tariff
bill at the earliest possible moment.
Conference Of Governors And
Mayors Upholds Hin la His
Washington, Mar. 5. A resolution de
manding that tho prosidont "immed
iately reconvene conjress to keep it on
the job while the country is facing a
serious reconstruction period," was In
troduced in the conference of govern
ors and mayors by Mayor Jamos Rolph,
Jr., of San Francisco. The resolution
was referred to a committee and action
will be taken on it at four o'clock
this afternoon.
Rolph 's demand has developed a par
tisan fight, democratic mayors and gov
ernors claiming ho had no right to
raise the resolution until it had been
acted on by a committee.
Called It Gag Rule.
Judgo Lewis, Arizona, declared this
would bo applying gag rule and tho con
ference by au overwhelming vote sus
tained Rolph.
Kolph also demanded to know why
555 ship contracts of American yards
were cancelled and that tho shipping
board is still allowing Chinese and Jap
anese yards to build American ships.
His resolution reads:
"Resolved, that we urge the presi
dent to immediately reconvene congress
and keep it on the job while the coun
try is facing a serious reconstruction
period; and that iif his message he de
mand appropriation for the prosecution
of all government work agreed upon by
the various departments and now held
up for want of funds, such as public
buildings, wharves, docks, naval bases
and improvements to railroad and other
publie utilities.
'Further, that we do condemn as un
American the policy of building ships
for the merchant marine ia Japan and
China and that all such contracts be
replaced in American shipyards to give
employment for returning American
(Continued on page three)
Send-Off Was Quieter His
Time Because Few Knew
men ShgPut Out
Now York, Mar. 5. The transport
Georgo Washington, carrying Presi
dent Wilson back to Franco passed
Sandy Hook and headed into tho Open
sea at 9:55 a. m. today.
Sho was escorted by a warship and
five destroyers.
There was a light mist but hardly
any wind and the water was smooth
for the start of the president's second
voyage to the ipeace conference.
Although the progress of the George
Washington from her wharf m Hobo:
ken to tho Narrows, the entrance into
the bay, was quiot and unattended by
any demonstration, there was a rous
ing sendoff as the transport passed
the harbor forts and the wai vessels
anchored under tdieir guns.
Forts Hamilton, Wadsworth and
Hancock cut loose with presidential
salutes. Tho war vessels also fired 21
guns, seamen of the ships in tho lower
bay swarmed into the rigging, cheer
ing, and spectators on the shores wav
ed and shouted farewells across tho
Breakfasted Early
The president breakfasted' early end
was on deck when tthe transport went
down tho bay. His ensign flew from the
New York seemed to be still asleep
as tho George Washington passed thru
tho harbor, but as the Bhores of Staten
Island and tho Narrows were approach
ed the cheering and whistle tooting
At about 8.55 tho Georgo Washing
ton steamed ipast the Statue of Liber
ty, making about ton knots. Her only
escort at this point were two tugs,
which fussed along, one on each side
of her. Opposite the statue sho passed
l" "'"" i Vf u ' ,Bti""f t ':i questions asked him by his critics since
vessels exchanged tho ttulahon wh.s-J q
Four Destroyers for convoy
.'..'twwwJ.. . i
At the 'Narrows, where the steamer
entored tho lower liay, she was met by
four destroyers. Two took up posi
tions ahead of . her and one on each
si do.
Tho vessels moored in the harbor
fired the presidential siiluto of 21
guns as tha George, Washington came
abreast and thoir crews dressed ship.
As tho salutes rang out, ships clus
tered about, tho quarantine station
started their sirens. Those aboard
swarmed to tho rails, cheering and
wavinlg. Thoro were good sized crowds
on both sides of the Narrows. They
greeted tho prosidont with cheers and
the flourishing of many flags.
Seattle Re-Elects Three
Of Foraer Council
Seattle, Wash. Mar. 5 Regnrdod as
a toBt of strength betewwen tho gener
al electorate and the labor vote, Seattle
has ro-elocted three city councilmen
with heavy majorities over thro op
ponents supported by the Central labor
C. B. Fitsgorald, R. H. Thompson and
Wililam Hickman Mooro aro the three
councilmen re-elected for a three year
term by the general citizenship.
The voters defeated a charter amend-
mont curbing the power of tho health
commissioner in fighting epidemics; re
fusing to increase council salaries from
$3000 to $4000, and confirmed Corpor
ation Counsel Walter G. Meier in office.
Bond issuo for $2,150,000 for two brid-
gos and -a municipal hospital are in
An overwhelming vote was recorded
against tho granting of a 25-year fran
chise to the National District Tole
graph company for a signal alarm sys
tem. A
fioems like a girl named Goldie alius
leads an eventful life. Do you suppose
cabaret singors '11 git any applause
when th' country goes dry!
President Believes People Of Nation Will Back Him In
Support Of Covenant Of Nations. Is Willing To Try
To Clear Up Points Not Understood By Congressmen,
But Apparently Does Not Intend To Amend Or Sep
arate League From Main Treaty With Germany.
By Bobert J. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
. New York, Mar. 5. President Wil
soin is igoing to a finish fight with the
senate republicans on (his league of
nations covenant.
In hiia final appeal to the people of
the country hore last night the presi
dent declared "an overwhelming ma
jority of the American people" favor
"No party has a right to appropri
ate the league issuo. And no party will
in (the long run dare to oppose it."
This is tho conviction he carried back
to Franco with hiin today.
Nothing in his speech last night in
dicated the president proposed ro
amend the covenant or scparato it
from tho main treaty with Germany as
demanded by tho' senate republicans.
No Constructive Suggestion
On the contrary, the president de
clared that in the avalanche of criti
cism launched against the covenant in
the senate .there has been ' no coinrruc
tive suggestion" and "no counsel of
generosity." .
ilenco, ho Starts back to Franco to
day with no congressional amendment
to the covenant in hand end no con
cise idea of what the senate republi
cans want. There have boon scores of
I amendments to tho league
ague constitution
suggested but not ipassod 'by t'he sen
ate and suggestions for two different
league covenants offered one by Cum
mins and one by Knox but neither
taken up for passage and each differ
ing widely from 'tho other.
Nevertheless, the president 'has tak
en with him the main points of attack
on his coveMne and is expected to
suggest some clarification of articles,
wording of which has left the senators
doubtful as to their scope.
n. . r
S3 ISS1I3 MaE&ieiH Wr
Eoasdsg Japan's Twenty
One Demands On China.
Washington, Mar, (3. Japanoso and
Chincso representatives issued a utate-
mcut to tho press today agreeing that
tho lcaguo of nations will settle oriental
problems, but taking contrary views
regarding the individual aspirations of
their individual countries.
Tho Chinese, assorting thoir claims
to Kiuo Chow and denouncing Japan's
21 demands on China, openly churgod
that Japah prevented China from join
ing tlio war in ivii ana luio. Aitor
China notified the allies that she de
sired to declare wah in 1914, it was
charged that she received intimations
from a "secret power" that such a
move would be likely to "create com
plications," Again in 1915, she was pre
pared to enter the war, but Japan re
fused to assent.
Endorses League.
Endorsing the league of nations as the
biggest achievement of all times, the
Chinoso statcmont concluded:
"We have known littlo groatness.
Maybe much that was lost will be re
gained under the international ordor in
which wo will be free to live our Lie
untrammolcd and uuthrentened by tho
type of stato Whoso material greatness
is based on, war."
The Japanoso statement was Issued
by Marquis Saionji in response to a
query regarding Japan 'a attitudo to
ward the league of nations.
Completely Sympatnctic.
Japan is completely sympathetic
with tho great project to establish
peace on a pust, impartiul and firm
' We view tho question as much from
tho general world viewpoint as from
that of the Far East, where we have
been compelled three times in tho past
century to resort to arms to maintain
peaco. Wo are happy that humanity
finally will bo able to get a glimpse,
although feeble, of tho new era in which
right will definitely triumph over force.
"I am "firmly convinced that unina
will appreciate our just tnd legitimate
aspiration and will come to a complete
(Continued on page two)
Tho action of senate republicans i
recording opposition to the. league at
this time "amazes'' but "docs not
worry the president," Frionds of tha
league aro confident there will foe
strong reaction to it immediately, 4i,r
ing many republicans who signed tho
Lodge "round robin" to withdraw
their signatures at some lateT time. If,
however, the republican senators srand
pat in 1-hei.r opposition, the president,
it is said by his friends, will carry tho
flight to the polls in 1920 und will S3
inform the peace delegates in. Paris,
Tho president leaves for France soinev
what fatigued from his strenuous week
at home. His weariness was brought
into relief last night at the Metropoli
tan opera house, when a spotlight was
flayed on him. Ho asked Rabbi Ste
phen Wise, sitting near by, to go off
the gtaige and have the light turned
In Good Condition
The president, however, is in splen
did physical condition, according til
Admiral Cury Grayson, the president's
physician, and a few days rest aboard
tho boat, he said, will put him in fine
fettle for resuming his conferences in
Paris. The president has announced his
intention of remaining in Paris until
the peaco treaty is signed. Ho believes
Hub will be accomplished not hater than
June 1 and hopes that the work may
be ended by the middle of May..
London, Feb, 20. (By Mail.)r-Fortuno
tollers are reaping a harvest at clan
doBtino meetings of relatives of men.
still missing an a result of the war.
Police are waging a campaign against
tho clairvoyants.
Advertisements seeking information
of missing soldiers total hundrods each
day. . ....
Never Before Has Any Con
gress Left So Much Undone
As 65th DM Yesterday.
By L O. Martin.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Mar. 5. With President
Wilson and congress both gone, tha
United Btates today found itself facing
an unprecedented situation. Never be
fore' in history hns a congress lett so
much undone as tho Sixty Fifth when
it quit yesterday, tho records show.
Government officials aro intently
seeking some way to prevent serious
consequences in muro than one direc
tion. Among the things congress loft ardi
Money for the Railroads.
By failing to pnss tho $750,000,000
railroad appropriation, tho senate, ac
cording to railroad administration offi
cials today, made it necessary for tho
roads to borow money at high rates
of interest from privato sources until
congress again convenes and meets &
$381,000,000 deficiency. Extensions
and betterments in servico will have to
bo foregone for tho present, officials
declared, because there is no money to
provide them.
Bringing tho Soldiers from Europe.
In the army appropriation bill, which
failed to pass, there wus an appropria
tion of $411,000,000 for the transporta
tion of the army. A part of this was
for bringing back tho soldiers now in
France. Congressmen touay pointed
out, however, that tho return of tho
army depends more on the speedy fin
ishing of tho peace conference than on
congressional appropriations.
Secretary Baker holds the viow that
congress somewhat delayed tho return
of troops from France.
Provisions for Returning Soldiers.
The Sixty Fifth congress adjourned
without milking any provision tot tho
1 (Continued on page thre)