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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1919)
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM. OREGON. SATURDAY, MARCH 1, 1919.
Kaiser Wilhelm Strongly OBjected to
Abdication -Intrigued With Royalists -
Hindenburg Is Supporting New Order
BY GAFT. KARL SCHWAUZKOFFEN
k( Attacked to the Kaiser 'a Personal
(Concluded from last Saturday.)
At the end of the conference it
was decided that Ludenoorff must re
linquish nil rights to interfere with
aho civil functions of the empire and
Ithat the government must sue for
peace at once. However, after the
fcocialist deputies left Prince Max ad
Iriaed the emperor to end Ludendorff s
earccr military and otherwise, and the
emperor acted accordingly. Half an
bonr after the socialist deputies left
the jmlaco General Ludendorff . also
ioft, his career ended forever. He went
immediately to Baden and still later
ispeodrd on his way to Switzerland and
(there joined the ever growing exile
leolony, gathered from every corner of
That nb?ht the emperor dined in his
apart momts with the empress, his dau
ghter, the' Duke of Brunswick, the
(OounU'ss of Brockdorf, and Prince Max
tho members of the household dined
n an ad.ioimng room. iMaturally, 'I
I realized thon that the Prince had
advised the emperor to deduce at once
'his retinue of servants that he might
be in a position to leave the Father
dand in ease necessity arose.
On the following afternoon Prince
Max left for Berlin, 'but a week later
he returned to Wilhelmshoo, where the
emperor was 'awaiting developments.
Willing to Bring About Civil War
to Save Dynasty. .
During the absence of Prince Max
tho emperor constantly corresponded
with a number of royalists, endeavor
ing to ascertain whether or not he
could muster up enough supporters in
case he decided to fight tho socialists
should a revolution start.
Especially one messago that passed
through my hands was seriously in
criminating. It was a telegram to
General Ludendorff which read:
"I realize that we must sue for
peace immediately, but of I were cer
tain that we could depend upon suffi
cient royalists. I would fight the re
publicans. I know that it moan9 civil war, but
dt would be the only way by which we
Idined with the members of the house- can save the dynasty and should I be
jhold and during the- meal hour rumor
' Ireigned at the table. I was constantly
, (questioned as to what had really taken
iplaee at the council.. I considored it my
(ihity to show sealed lips. But the mem-
fliers ef the household were not held
in suspense very long. At the end of
tho meal Prince Max .entered the din
ing room and announced in hie usual
grave tone that he had a very import
ant communication to make to theiu.
(What the Prince had to say was known
only to very few of Us ,and the an
mouncement stunned the majority com
The Gang Quits.
The prirace stood at the head of the
liable and said solemnly:
"His majesty has requested me to
iinform you with great regret that un
.. ider the grave circumstances that arc
i ithreatoning our dear lathorland it
will iba necessary to reduce the person
nel of the (Royal establishment con
siderably. The emperor and empress
tare obliged to inform the members of
the royal establishment that they must
depart tomorrow, at tho latest, with
Itho exception of those who before mid1
tii .Hit are requested to remain.
On the following mornine more thc
ITO membors took their departure, many
f them with tears in their eyes, tho
mo douibt, the majority of those dis
charged employees were c,rying for
successful, my ulo will be more firmly
established than ever before. I shall
then crush rebellion in every corner of
my empire with a firm hand."
To which Ludendorff replied that he
would stand (by his emperor to the bit
terest end and that sufficient force
vould be gathered to fight the repub
But while the emporor was thus plot
the patient and amiable kinsman of the
emporor. As soon as ho reached the
palace I realized that he was a changed
man. The emperor and the empress
with their daughter were taking tea
in the empress' boudoir. Princo Max
brushed me aside and entered the
room unannounced. I followed him in
te the room and the emperor was
about to reprimand me for not having
announced his kinsman when tho prince
hold up his hand and stopped him from
uttering even a word. Then ho went
right to business.
Kaiser Belled Upon Armistice to
Back Him Up.
"Lot me toll your majesty what
brought me back to Wilholmshoe bo
suddenly," he said, "I am resigning
the chancellorship, and you must abdi
cate thois very hour. Herr Ebort will
become chancellor and the republicans
insist that the monarchy end at
The omperor glaTed at the Prince
and findin? his kinsman's eyes set
on him in an iron-like stare, turned
lug head aside and rose to his feet. He
walked up end down the room lor
few moments without uttering a word.
He. then turned and exclaimed: "Yes,
J will abdicate and after the armis
tice is signed I shall gather enough of
my royal regiments to enable me to
fight the rebels. I shall never give up
claim td the throne of my fathers.
"I advise you not to entertain such
thoughts. ' replied the prince sternly.
"The army ia not in a mood to fight
for your throne."
"I am certain that the greater part
of the army will follow their royalist
officers, and will, in the end, rally to
our support. All we need is ft little
firmness. " - '
Until then I had never seen Prince
Max utter an angry word. But the mo
ment hnd at last arrived. Ho was angry
beyond description. He raised his
voice and leaning across the table ad
dressed the emperor as though he was
talking to a foolish boaster. He said:
"Vou speak of the royalists support
ers. Now liston : Forty five of them were
aarrestea yesterday and fifteen were
shot this morning, and tho orders to
execute the rest have been signed and
perhaps now they are shot. Do you
reaiizo what that means?
The emperor stepped back, horror
stricken by the stern words of hi
"And; who has signed the order for
their arrest and exeeutionsf" he
shouted. He was dazed.
ting with Ludendorff, Prfince Max re-1 Hindenburg Supporting New Order.
turned from Berlin. He wftq im lonffflrT "TTindrnihnrcJ- haa nicrneA iha nrdar.
Hindenburg has also written a letter
to Herr Ebert, pledging his nnquesr
tioned support to the new order. He
has already recognized the new govern
ment. Thearmy, too, is with the new
government. My resignation ig not an
nounced yet, but to all intents ilerr
Ebort is the head of the now govern
ment. For God's sake do not talk
about fighting the socialists. Your talk
about a civil war will menu the order
of your own execution. Wilhelm, yon
were unwise in corresponding with the
royalist officers. Your correspondence
with them and with Hindenburg have
been intercepted by the socialists. Yea
are standing on the brink of death.
Abdicate, for God's sake, for your
sake and for the sake of your family,
and get out of the country df you;
The empress and Duchess burst into
tears. They sobbed pitifully. They
asked Prince Max repeatedly, "What
can we dof What can we dot But
Prince Max stood silent and motion
less, his gaze fixed on the emperor in
the attitude of awaiting Ins decision.
At this juncture Prince Henry of
Prussia entered the room. Earlier in
the day he had wired that he was com
ing to Wilhelmslioe. He came upon his
relatives at a critical and dramatic mo
ment. The emperor waa standing re
garding Prince Max an a kind of hor
ror-stricken amazement He seemed to
fear his kinsman. Both the empress and
the duchess were on a soft weping and
sobbing audi muttering indistinct words
as though to themselves. Prince Henry
first went toward his niece who rose
and put both arms around her uncle's
Blioulder. iPrinee Henry kissed his
niece while she exclaimed in tears:
"Uncle, uncle, where can we go, what
can we do "
Prince Henry Anxious to Flee.
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154 South Commercial St.
Prince Henry taking his niece in his
arms turned towards Prince Max and
the emperor and said, "It ii all over
for us. It is better that we leave the
Fatherland at onco I found it diffi
cult to reach here. There is blood in
the hearts of the rebels."
The emperor must havo felt as tho
he was struck with a second blow and
I expected to see him collapse at any
There was silence for a few- moments
then, the omperor walked over to his
'Mother ana saia: ".Henry, l realize
that we must go. Let it end. Let us
say no more albout it." He then turn
ed to Prince Max. and said: "Max, I
am thanKtul to you for your services.
I wish you farewell."
The two kinsmen shook hands and
in half an hour Prince Max departed
from the palaco.
Tho next two days were spent in
packing. The empress's jewels were
packed in eight iron boxes and forwar
ded by special messengers to a banker
in Holland. On the third day we all
left Wilhelmshoe; the empress and hor
daughter for Elizabeth Palace while
the emperor left for Spa .
Kaiser Hatches Plot of His Own.
' On November 3rd, the emperor ad
dressed a group of officers in words
"I have not the slightest intention
of abdicating. I appeal to every offi
cer to stand firm td the end aga'nst
the threatening socialist rebellion. As
the Highest War Lord of my Empire
I feel it my duty, to defend the throne
of my fathers to the end. On the day
of my abdication anarchy and lawle.i
ness will break out in every corner of
my empire. The strong hand of a
monarch must save the Fatherland
from choas.i I am working gladly
and harmoniously with the new govern
ment and I have already adviuel sev
citai of my ministers to assist the nen
government with all their might"
I leard tiosc words with my own
ears end from that, moment my faith
in the words of my emperor wore shat
tered like a piece of glass thrown on
a stone pavement. I heard my emperor
utter falsehoods which werj not ut
tered under an impulse or mistaknbly.
He uttered words that were not true.
From that moment I dttiued to free
myself from his priva'e staff. I was
filled with sorrow. My empcrot lad
deliberately lied to his offesr in or
der to win their support to hold his
own throne thrOngh their blood. He
had promised Prineee Max to vVv
eato and hnd se nt him to Be Mm with
that promise, tut on reacn'nj Spa,
considered himself secure in th midst
f his army, h.- could deny his words
and defy the goveru.iii t.
I felt it i-iy duty to my Fatherland
to expose. the trut.i to the oit'ers. 1
realized that y keeping tv- import
ant secret I woild bs a party ;g the
infain..us falsehood tnut my cmieror
had seen fit to utter to his soldiers. I
eomunicated my knowledge of affairs
to several of the high military chiefs.
They were astounded at the emperor's
He. A few ox them refused to believe
mo and that I was telling the truth.
1 challenged them to communicate
with Princo Max at Berlin, which they
did. Immediately word was received
confirming my assertions regarding the
Army Loyal to Country, Not to
On November 9th, shortly before
noon Hindenburg had a conference
with the emperor at the Imperial villa
Fraineuse. At the end of the audience
Hindenburg gathered about fifty staff
officers, representing several armies.
At the end of a lengthy discussion he
suggested that each staff officer send
a dozen officers from each army to the
general headquarters, tach of them
were ordered to make a written re
port regarding his view about tho loy
alty of his troops. When the reports
were digested the result showed that
with the exception of four of the of
ficers reported that against the enemy
the troops could tie depended upon, but
aganist their comrades they would not
In the meantime messages were pour
ing in from Berlin, urging the abdi
cation of the emperor at once in ordtr
to nastcn the signing or the armistice,,
Finally the emperor abdicated as the
emperor of Germany, but refused to ab
aieate as the Hing ox 1'russia. It had
already become known that Hinden
burg had declared for the new govern
ment and was urging tho emperor to
This tact made the Situation more
clear for the army,. Any royalist at
tempt to sustain the monarchy would
be considered as treason against the
new order, The emperor was helpless.
Late in the evening a message came
from the government that it was too
late and that the government had al
ready announced the complete abdica
tion of the emperor, both as the em
peror of Gormany and the kings of Prus
My disgust of my emperor was
growing. While everyone was -advising
that he abdicate he was still cling
ing to the throne, without any apparent
consideration of the welfare of the
Fatherland I would have respected him
even today. had he from the first shown
readiness to do anything that lay in
his power even offering to abdicate
for the welfare of the country. (But
to the last moment he clung desperately
to the throne.
'I Am No More Your Emperor."
But at last Hindenburg, Gronor,
Hintze (the foreign minister )and Ad
miral Bchocr hold another council
with the emporor.. That was the end
of it. When the emporor was leaving
the council chnmoor he met war
Dohma Schlodion who was waiting ni
the ante room. He said with tremor
in lus voice: "l am no more your
He immediately went to his room
and soon the Crown Prince arrived,
He met with his father about twenty
minutes, at the end of which he de
parted for his armies.
At ten o'clock, that night Hintze
again returned to the emperor and
urged his speedy departure from the
country. Tho emperor made every ef
fort to remain in Germany but his
friends and ministers urged him to
leave for Holland. Tho emperor 'a sugj
gestion that he be nnrmittna to join
j the thrown Prince s armies were re
ceived ana rejected as it was consid
ered unsafe to travel there. Then ho
suggated that he be assisted to return
to Gastlo Bruehl, near 'Cologne. This
aiso was overruled by Hindenburg.
Finally the emperor doclurcd that ho
would go to Holland to mako it easy
for his people to obtain peace. How
shamefully he acted to the end! In
every step of the great drama he never
took a heroic attitude. He never
yielded one inch for the welfare of the
Fatherland until he was forced to do
so. During these critical days he lost
the sympathy of all his supporters,
President Of Swift
Company Answers Hoover
I F. Swift, president of Swift and
company, made the following "com
ments with regard to Mr. Hoover's lot
ter to the president on the packing in
"I am naturally greatly interested
in Mr,. Hoover's letter to tho presi
dent, which was written last Septem
ber, and welcome it as an honest ex
pression of opinion about the packing
house situation. I am only sorry that
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1 FRENCH ARMY BAND I
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Avoid Trouble at
by giving baby
By causing the stomach to
digest food as it should, keeping
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baby less food, the first teeth
never cause trouble.
Contains no harmful ingredients
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and note how easy and comfort
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, At all Jnirrl'tt.
Do Your Bit By Helping Entertain the Home
WEDNESDAY. MARCH 5, 8:30 P. M.
The services of this noted band of French Heroes were engaged and paid for
by 70 Patriotic Business and Professional Men of Salem.
DO YOUR PART-ENGAGE YOUR SEATS TODAY
Every ent of the Proceeds Goes to the Mother's Club of Salem '
"THE HERO MOTHERS''
Tickets now on sale at Geo. C. Will's, Hartman Bros., C. B. Clancy's, Patton
; , Bros., and P. E. Fullerton's,
Mr. Hoovor had not had opportunity to
avail himself of tho information
brought out at the recent congression
al hearings in Washington.
"Theprincipal issue seems to foe
whether or not there is a monopoly
and I .believe it was cleaTly demon
strated at these hearings that the large
packers are in active competition with
each other. Thero are absolutely no
agreements among the five largest
packers to control priccv.-.nnd they, to
gether handle less than forty per cent
of the meat supply of the country.
The largest company handles only
about twelve per cent of the total meat
supply and less than twenty five per
cent oi even the output of houses that
are under U, S. inspection.
There are about two hundred and
seventy packing concerns, besides
those oporated by tho five largest,
that are under fedoral inspection, and
hundreds of local houses that are not
subject to inspection All hirge cities
have packing houses that compete di
rectly with the five largest. Soma of.
their representatives appeared at the
hearings in Washington and stated
that they wore prospering, and that
thero was fair and open competition
in the industry.
"1 have publicly etatcd that we
huve no serious objection to being re
lieved of our interest in refrigerator
cars and stock yards. But we have
pointed out that it is decidedly ques
tionable whether any efficiency or
benefit can ibo gained by such proced
ure. We would also call attention to
the fact that during the recent hear
ings, no evils, needing correction have
sion rather than hy efficiency' .As long
as tho largo packers havo to uso their
utmost efforts in competition with
each otheT and with hundreds of small
er concerns" to earn thoir profits of
only two or three cents on each dol
lar of salos, there is no room for a fall
ing off in efficiency
"However, I welcome such sincere
and disinterested views as those ex
pressed iby Mr. Hoover. Tho public and
our legislators need to understand our
business much moro thoroughly than
they do now, before they aro in a po
sition to undertake restrictive regula
tion. Swift and company has voluntar
ily appeared before congressional com
mitoes to give such information as is
desired. Wo have nothing to conceal.
All we want is an opportunity to got
tho facts before tho public, and when
this has been accomplished, we shall
rely on the sense of fair play of the
Aninrican peoploi and shall abido by
Rochambean And Aquitasia
Dacksd In New York Today
New York, Feb. 28. The transport
Itochamboau, currying the 102nd engin
eers formerly the old 22nd engineers,
docked at 3 o'clock today.
The great liner Aquitania camo up
the bay not far behind the Eocham
beau. Hho carried 5,902 men, mostly
negroes. Among cabin passengers were
J. P. Morgun and Mrs. Morgan, The
Aquitania received a groat welcome.
Harbor cruft dwarfed to insignificance
been brought to light in connection by the great steamer, swarmed around
with packer ownership of these facil-.her, whilo those on hor decks cheered
ties. and waved at the returning soldiers
"I quite agree with Mr. Hoover that looking on them from the towering sides
there is no reason for the government 0f tho transport.
to take over the branch houses of the Among the organizations on the Aqui
packers, ibut I do not feel that euffi-! tania were 366th infantry: 817th anv
munition train; 317th train headquar
ters; 92nd division military police com
pnny and Brest convalescent detach
ment numbers 60, 70 and 71 J casual com
r.nny 1211 (Illinois) 'B
cicnt consideration has been given to
the question of handijnT other pro
ducts than meats. Bwift.and company
handles only a few such products, and
they are distinctly related to our bus
iness, either as iby-prodncts of tho pack
ing houses or a goods which can be
economically handled through our ex
tensile distributing organization.
'I hardly think that the govern
ment should assume authority to dic
tate what products any business con
cern may or may not handle. There is
not only no need for such a step in
connection with the (packing busineiw,
but it would act as a dangerous prece
dent which might be extended to all
"It is a little difficult for me to
reconcile Mr. Hoover's criticism of the
fact that the large packers have . ..m
inatcd middlemen and gone direct to
the retailers with tho general opinion
that marketing ghould ,le as direct as
possible from producer to consumer. I
think it will be conceded that if w
have eliminated uuneeefwaiy middle
men this has ibeen to the advantage of
the public at large.
"Mince there is no monopoly, the
facts do not justify the statement that
'as time goes on hi efficiency cannot
fail to diminish and, like all monopo
lies, ibegia to defend itself by repres-
MABT TEE8A ARAL PASSES.
Mtiry Tresa Aral,, beloved- wife of
Gus Aral, died February 25, 1919, at tha
Willamette sanitarium in Salem, follow
ing an operation a few days before.
Who was born in Brown county. Wis.,
June 20, 1879, being 39 years, 7 months
and 20 days old when she died.
November 22, 1899, sho was united in
marriage, to Gus Aral; two children
were born to them, 0nc died when quite
yountf, and Miss Lena Aral, who with
her futhcr and the following brothers
uuu sinters of deceased survive:
John Vanderbeck of Newberg, Eugene
of 8t. Johns. Gabe and Joe of Gervais,
Alfonce and Mrs. Matilda Rubens, of
Ht. Louis, Mrs. Miller of Scio, Ore., and
Hister itogina', of Beaverton, Ore., alo
many nieces and nephews and many
friends. -r-Gervais Star.
PRUNE OECHAED BEINGS BIO SUM
A. real estate deal of some consequence
was closcdJast week when Henry tfoth,
of Suit Creek, purchased the prune or
chard of 40.17 acres of Elizabeth Poters
located a short distance east of Dallas,
paying therefore $14,000, or about 350
an aero, Mr. Voth has also purcnaseU
tho A. J. Bnrham residence property at
tho wcHt end of Court street in this cily
and expects to soon make his homo
here. I)allas Itemize.
FI3CHER MILLS FILLING.
Tho Fischer's Flouring Mills of this
city aro again busily engaged in turn
ing out a 7000-barrel order of flour for
tho government, These orders always
call for record time delivery ami the
local mills being equipped for fast and
good work aro regularly receiving .gov
ernment flour ordors. -Silverton Appeal.
The treasury department announces
that subscriptions to the fourth liberty
lonn amounted to $fl.!)93,073,250.
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