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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 25, 1919)
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAIr
LEY NEWS 6SBVICH
Oregon: Tonight and Tues-
day fair east portion, pre-bab-
It rain -west portion: eentlo
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 40.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OX T8AINS AND NEWB
STANDS FIVE CENTS
..- . pPipaMisf afe-. ?;
DECIDE OH WE-IS
Each Nation Will Be Held Re
spoEsible For Unneutral
Acts Of Citizens. .
RULES TEND TO HAKE '
Any Ncn-Farrrag Power Dis
covered Shipping Contra
band Shall Be Punished.
(United Press s'nff correspondent)
(Copyright, 1911), by the United Press)
Paris, Feb. 25. Revolutionary chang
es in international naval laws which,
fitting in. with the rules of tho league
of nations, would make war virtually
impossible, are now' under discussion.
Regulations under which munitions are
shipped' from neutrals to warring coun
tries would bo completely ovorturnod.
Under their operation, "freedom of
the seas" would not Ibe theoretical,
Tho United Press is able to state
that the principal points favored by
tho peace delegates regarding muni
tions shipments in the future are:
1 Each nation shnll bo held respon
sible for any unneutral act by its cit
izens. 2 .All contrubrand must be estab
lished at the outbreak of tho war and
lists cannot fl.e changed during the per
iod of hostilities.
As carrying contrabrand naturally
is fonbidden, the flag of a non-warring
nation flyiing over a ship would tie a
guarantee that she was not carrying
munitions or other prohibited mater
4 If a ship arouses suspicion and is
rttopped within a restricted area, search
shall be limited to investigation of her
papers to determine her nationality.
Subject to Punishniont
5 If a ship of a non-warring power
is discovered carrying contrabrand
that nation shall (be subject to punish
ment by the lcaj-iio of nations, econom
ically or otherwise, as tho executive
It is obvious that under such rules
no nation will bs nblo to carry on a
war beyond tho limit of her .own pro
duction of munition. Tho practice of
Jmying munitions from a non-warring
ower by paymrnt tff enormous prices
nnd obtaining shipment through pay--ni"nt
of high freight rates, with ship
pers taking tho risk as heretofore
done would be eliminated iby point
one, and the nation from which a ship
was sailing woiid ascertain that she
(Continued from page two)
t Abe Martin
Joe llapos, who wuz jugged last week
fer givii' u quart o' liquor away, has
liceu adjudged ins:ri..i. Vr'ho remem
bers that whin mother went dowa ton;;
ic v.u:. an event?
i MORE TAX DODGING
ON AUTOS TO GET BY
House Favors $12 Yearly Tax
For Fords And $55 For
Owners of automobiles stand a fine
chance of paying just double the amount
of auto tax as in past years, beginning
with July 1 of this year. And those
who own autos and have failed to ro-
port them to the tax assessor and lave
paid no tax, will find that tax dodging
under the new system, will not work.
In the debate in tho house relative
to taxing autos for road purposes, it
was Btatod that fully 50 per cent of tho
automobiles in the state pn; no tax
whatever, simply because the owners
mado x.q returns to the tax collector.
It was also stated that $0.01 was tho
nvcrago amount received from each au
td in taxes tho past year and tnat the
averago assessment ' for an automobile
was $270.00. This will all bo changed
in tho present taxing bill, passed by
tho house yesterday and now in the
senalo lor consideration.
Ur.tiCf the new law, it is proposed
that automobiles and motor vehicles are
i-.ot to be assessed as personal property.
There cn be no tax dodging as every
:nv i- uuliged to secure a license and
thc-tux 13 paid at the time tho license
w Securta. . I
Objection was mndo to tho hish 11-j
cense placed on tho cheaper cars. After
several amendments wore suggested, the
house assessed the following
I'll to 23 horse power $12.00
From 20 to 30 horsepower 20.00
From 23 to 26 horsepower...! .'. 15.00
From 23 to 30 horsepower 15.00
From 36 t0 40 horsepower 45.00
(Continued on parre two)
QUESTION OF OREGON
LABELS ON FIT CIS
STARTS BIG DEBATE
Marian County Senators Take
Opposite Sides In Discus
sing Bi 1.
Shall Oregon fruit and vegetables bo
labeled with an Oregon brand when of
fered for sulet
That question precipitated a sharp do
bato iu tho senate this morning when
house bill 455, by Martin, came up for
third reading. Because of the opposi
tion to the bill, the measure wi:3 refer
red to the senate horticultural commit
tee for the purpose of adding a provis
ion that the act shall not apply to
wholesalers, packers ana others lor re
packing. Tho Marion county senators took op
posite sides of the question, So.:nlor
Lnchmund strongly favoring the bill
while Senator LaFollette just as vig
orously opposed it.
Senator Lachmuud oecIared that all
tho big fruit organizations of tho slate
; favored the bill, and he insisted that
it was right that Oregon fruits should
be sold under an Oregon label so that
this state will be able to build up the
reputation, its fine fruits and vegetables
Senator LaFollette, wh0 reminded the
senators that he was a fruit grower end
knew from personal experience some
thing of the business, insisted that the
bill would drive from the state aa but
Oregon fruit companies, and he declared
tho result would be the elimination of
competition and a consequent reduction
in the priee the growers would receive
for their products.
He said that Senator Laehmund was
favoring the bill because he was the
representative" of a local fruit Company i
which wanted to drive out competition.
Senator Handley declared that behind
the bill "is tho fine Italian hand of
(he fruit monopoly." lie insisted that
the bill would squeeze out the small
fruit growers who sell their products to
Armour & Company and other big pack
ers who buy from the little fellows and
furnish them labels for the fMtrMgur.
Senator Dimick supported the bill.
"Wo are trying tn build up our state
.and gain a reputation fur our fine
'j fruits," he said, "and still Oregon
; fruits are being sold under a California
TO RETURN IN ORDER
OF ARRIVAL ABROAD
General Pershing Announces
Increase In Shipping Ton
Paris, Feb. 25. American soldiers
willl return home in the order of the
arrival of their respective division
headquarters in France, General 'Per
sian; announced in genera! orders
mado public itoday. Divisions ibearing
regular army designations will bo cx
cludod, howovor. The enly other ex
ceptions will be made when availabil
ity of transportation or the military
situation rendors it necessary.
Assigned combat, together with sup
ply, and laibor units, will ibe returned
in tlio order of their service, so far as
they can bo spared. The orders esti
mate that shipping, including Gorman
craft, will Ibe available as follows:
March 212,000 tons.
May 248,000 tons.
June 270,000 tons.
Based on the .provisions of the gen
eral orders and taking into considera
tion tho importance of their present
assignment, divisions would return as
March, Twenty seventh. Thirtieth,
Eighty fifth, Thirty seventh and Nine
ty first divisions.
April, Twenty sixth, Seventy sev
enth, Eighty socond, Thirty fifth and
Forty second divisions.
May, Thirty second, Twenty eighth,
Thirty third, Eightieth and Seventy
Juno, Eighty ninth, Ninetieth, Twen
ty ninth and Seventy ninth divisions.
By .exception of so called regular
army divisions, the orders would indi- i
cato that those units will bo maintain
ed as the army of occupation as iong
Owner Of Mysterious
Diamonds Claims Jewels
Sau Francisco, Feb. 25. Tho string
of . 72- matched diamonds, valued ut
$20,000, still rests in the vault at police
headquarters, but its owner is now def
initely known as Mrs. Josephino Mc
Allister of New York. '
Sho promised to call again today and
reclaim her jowols, which were stolen
from her Friday night at tho St. Fran
She told tho polico late yesterday
that the loss of tho jewels worried her
so that sho collapsed at the home of a
friend. and so did not reappear, although
the diamond were recovered Saturduy
Mrs. McAllister gave her permanent
address as tho Hotel Plaza, New York.
Sho said sho came horo from Portland,
Oregon, and had intended to remain a
wnilo, but that unfortunate publicity
csulti ,g from the theft htd determined
htr to leave at once.
Arrest Plotters For
Copenhagen, Feb. 23. Former Pre
mier Wekerle, Former Minister of Com
merce Szernowi and other members of
the old government have been arrestcf
dor complicity in a counter revolution
ary plot, it was reported in a dispatch
received from Buda Pest today.
The Hungarian government is said
also to have demanded extradition from
Switzerland of Prince Windeschgrutz.
who is accused of defrauding the state
of four million crowns ($,000,000) and
extradition of tho former military com
mandant of Buda Pest, who is accused
of wholcsalo execution of soldiers.
FRIEND op yM&M
Three of the heavyweights of the upper house of the legislature, who might have suc
ceeded in eluding the vigilance of the cartoonist had the .session closed with the con
stitutional limit. .
FIRST NIGHT SESSION -
CLEARS UP BUSINESS
Senate Passes P Relative To
Building Roosevelt Coast
Last night the senate held its first
night session and disposed of a grist
of house bills.
By unanimous vote it passed house
bill .147, which refers o the peoplo at
. ho next election the question of issu-t-m
$2,500,000 of bonds for building the
Roosevelt coast highway. A condition
is that tho government must put up an
equal amount with the state.
Tho highway is te be built along the
coast and is being surged for its com
mercial and military value and for its
Under suspensions of the rules, the
senate fussed house :bill 508, which au
thorizes tho appointment by the' com
mission of a commission to spend $5000
tor the entertainment of the Oroiron sol
diers ns they arrive In New York. Tho
$5000 is to bo taken from the $100,000
soldiers emergency fund appropriated
early in the session
The senate passed house bill 225, ap
propriating $40,813 for the purposo of
matching tho government ' funds under
tho Smith-Hugheg act, which provides
for tho extension of industrial cduca
tio:i i:i the public schools of tho stato.
The bill which causes a biennial fight
over fishing in Bogue river came before
the senate late last night and after a
short, but acrimonious debate, was pas
sed bv a vote of 18 to 12. It waa house
Other bills were passed last night as
H. B. 413, by Coffey Creating an in
terstate commission consisting of the
throa county commissioners of Multno-j
mah and the district attorney allowing
the commissioners a salary of $50 u
month each, and providing that tho
commission shall have full control of
the iaterstato bridge, relieving the
stato of its obligation to pay tho in
terest on the interstate bridge bonds.
1L B. 398, by Hosford Amending io
state lime board law.
H. B. 428, by . Ufaham Providing
that pionoer8 mny hunt and tish with
out license. .
H. B. 19, by Burnaugh Amending
the law rolating to the levying of a
special road tax.
H. B. 449, by committee on icvision
of laws Relating to compensation for
labor or products exchangod between
II. B. 438, by Gallagher Providing
for the eradication of predatory animals
and injurious dorcnts, and appropriating
n. B. 303, by Clatsop county delega
tion Appropriating $10,000 for Klats-
(Continucd on page two)
Jap&ese Satisfied With ,
Disposition Of Islands
Tokio, Feb. 19. (Delayed.) Japan
ese newspapers, commenting on the cov
enant of the leaguo of nations, which
has just appeared in comploto text
here, agreed for the most part today
that it sounds the krdl of militarism.
The newspapers eppear to t0 satis
fied with regard to the arrangement
for tho German islands in tho South
In one respect they are unanimous
Thov rerret that in tho covenant, there
ia no declaration! of the equality of
races nnd nothing to abolish discrimin
Tho above dispatch from Tokio was
ercatly de.laped probably because rf the
h-nV in tho cable connections with tin
UNDER THE CAPITOL DOME.
II 7V Af f
TO RESTORE KORHAL
Committee On Reparation Re
ported To Be Approach
By Fred 8. Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Feb. 25. The new revolution
in Germany is giving added impetus to
tho work of preparing the outline for a
preliminary peace. Tho conferees are
anxious to reach a point where food
and materials niay be shipped into Ger
many to restore economic and political
conditions to a normal basis.
The peace conforonco had uot yet re
ceived official advices oa the situation
in Germany today, owing to the fact
thut its representatives in that country
are sending reports by courier rathei
tlum telegraph. But there was a' dis
position on tho part of tho delegates to
feel that speed in effectuing n prelim
inary peace is becoming moro ossontial
each day from a- standpoint of self pio
tcction, if for no other, reason.
While tho question of whether peace
with Cornuiny or final disposition of
the league of nations shall be taken uf
first after President Wilson's return
probably will remain open until ho ia
present to participate in the discus
sions, there appears little doubt at thif
time that the preliminary peace will be
Tho various committees are progress
ing rapidly in the working out ot de
tails of tho general peaco settlement,
Tho sub committee of tho body which
will determine responsibility and pun'
ishment for authors of tho war Js un
derstood to have completed its report
on individual guilt, though the wholo
committeo has not yet acted. The sub'
committee 's report is said to have been
.Tho committeo on reparation is re
ported to bo approaching agreement. It
is further reported that early aigb
claims are being consistently suaved
down to confonn with what win be ob
taincd.i The committeo is - understood
to show a preference for making the
peiiod of payment as short as possibU
-inside of 20 years rather than per
mit the cry ot ' commercial .slavery '.'
to go up l'tom a couple of generations.
In tho mattor 'of territorial claims.
informal discussions regarding tho west
er .1 frontiers of Germany are going on.
Only tho Moroccan and Armenian
questions remain of tho minor probloml
tu bo takou up.
Representatives of various league ot
nations societies of tho big powors will
meet in London this week to confor on
amendments and additions to tho con
stitution, which they will present when
the peace conference opens' debato on
tnc coverjant. ,
Wilsoa Sisns Six .
Dollar Revenue Bill
Washington, Feb. 25. President Wil
son signed tho $6,000,000,000 revenuo
bill before retiring last night, it was
officially announced today.
The mensure, besides providing for
greatly increased taxes on incomes,
profits a xl many of the every day
things of life, carried a rider ninkjng
tho national capital bone dry.
Income tax blanks have been mailed
out and tho operation of many provis
ions of tho law will get under way at
lonce.' 1 -
Tho Knightg of Columbus will erect
a clubhouse nt Yakima costing from
$30,000 to $50 000.
AN ASSURED THING
Citizens Will Have To Raise
$10,093 To Meet State And
Silverton is likely to have an armory.
The liouso this morning passed a bill
introduced in tho senate by Senator
Luchmond authorizing an appropriation
of $10,000 in stute funds for construct
ing an armory at Silverton upon a site
which hud already been dontted or up
on ono that may bo donated.
Besides tho $10,000 stato money tho
county of Marion is authorized to ap
propriate from tho general fund or to
lovy taxes for tho purpose of raising
funds in the sum of $10,000 to aid in
The goneral stuff creatoo unaer tho
military codo is authorized by tne bill
to accept tho site which may bo tend
ered by the city of Silverton or to ac
cept any site that may be acceptable
to tho general staff.
All that the bill needs now to be-
como a law iB the signature or the
governor. As ho is known to bo strong
for tho military, Silverton is practically
assured of an armory. ,
In order that the armory muy be
acceptable to tho general staff, tho bill
provides that "no part of tho money
hereby appropriated, nor of tho moneys
to bo raised in- said Marion county
shnll bo oxper.ded in the construction of
said armory until tho city of dilverton,
of tho citizens thereof, shall have raised
by subscription, donation or otherwise,
a sum of not less than $10,000; pro
vided, however, if any site acceptable
to tho general staff is donated, tho
markot value thereof shall bo consider
ed as a part of tho money to bo raised
by tho city of Silverton, or tho citizens
It, ia also provided that tho general
staff shall be tho exclusive judjjo of the
site. ' '
McCredie Well Fixed
Piiekrs And Outfielders
Portland, Ore., Feb, 25. If Walter
McCrodio were as well fixed for aa. in
field ns ho ia' for pitchers and garden
ers, ho wouldn't be worrying a bit about
his Pacific Coast league team for the
Besides uiou tor covering the bags,
ho needs uu extra catcher. But hi8 out
fielders and hurlers appear to bo U to
tho good, especially since Ueorgo Pen
ninittou. was secured from the St. Louis
Browns, supported by Walker and Pen
ner, he will bu tho main stay ot tne
Besides tlii8 trio, McCredie can uo
lect from "i-iOl'ty" James, Dick Mitch
ell, ito.iry Lay i;ud Frank liupp.
"Bed" Oidliam, who pitched I'or San
Francisco until ho went to war, will
bo turned over by Detroit if ho can be
located. Detroit is also expected to
dolivor two outfioldurs in hilisou and
Maisei. Other gurdncrs will bo select
ed from a list of four: Juck Farmer,
Walker, formerly of Detroit; John L.
Sullivan and Bill Dunicls.
Oregon Hardware Dealers
Convention Jn Portland
Portland, Feb. 25. With many vw
itors in attendance from tho Washing
tin association, the Oregon Hardware
Dealers opened their annual conveu
tion here today. It will last three days.
Ctiptuin W.. J. Hindley, former mayor
of Spokane, is among tho speakers for
the convention- Mayor Baker of Port
land will be the toastmastor at the an
THOUGHT nE WAS KINO
Boston, Feb. 25. John Bogosky, who
wa arrested when ho attempted to gain
admittance to President Wilson's suite
in tho Coplcy-IMaai hotel, was arraign
ed in the central court today charged
with carrying dangerous weapons.
Kogosky told the police ho "intended
to got the president and suvo the
world." It was also learned that tho
man believed, himself to bo the -'King
of Poland." Upou bis arrest ho de
clared he "had reached heaven" and
that ho tried to do the tank imposed
upo:l him by tho "supremo being."
Representative Hawley has appoint
ed William Sheperd Iiiddlo of llilwau
kie as princiiml to West Point Mili
tary acadwnJy and Ealph Tudor of
UI.VV ilia I ii ill
CHIEF OF THESE
Wilson Believes People Will
RaSy To Support Of Society
PLANS TO LEAVE FOR
- FRANCE BY MARCH 5
Mo Definite Date Has Been
Set For Conference With
Governors As Yet.
By Robert J. Bendar
(United Press s'.nff correspondent)
Washington, Fob. 25. President "
Wilson in his first few hours at the
whito house today eigncd twenty six
congressional 'bills and jcint resolu-.
Hons. Chief among thosexwere tho $100,
000,000 famine fund bill, -tho deficien
cy bill, the invalid pension bill, a
measure allowing soldiers, suilorg and
mauineg credit on homestead eutrici '
while they were In tho service, tho
public buildings bill nnd the joint res
olution grauling a pens'ion to Mrs.
Sinco his departure from home last '
December, the president has traveled
over 12,000 miles, has been made a cit
izen of -approximately siztoeu hu-Jrect
oitiw, towns nnd hamlets in Europe,,
has been1 housed in the royal ps'accs)
of two kings and one prince, has rid
den on tho Tnytil trains of two mlinjj
families delivered nearly two score of
speeches and short addresses and re
ceived six collego and university hon-
(Continucd on pngo three)
in viii Arum 11
m IflLL WJiiM
Lloyd-George Introduced Bill
Calling For Investigation
London, Fob, 25. Representative
of tlio "triplo allianco" miners, rail
way men and telephone workers met
today to map out a common program
regarding demands to be mado upon
the government and to decide whether
a general strike shall be called.
The miners did not yield nn inch in
last night's iiarliament session, reply
ing to Premier Lloyd (icorge's offer
of compromise, "accede to our de
mands to avoid a strike." The bill in
troduced iby tho premier to create a
special ronunimion to investinto the
mining situation was advanced to its
swond reading. Tho miners' ninena
ment, providing thut the proposed com
mission should report March 12 instead
of March 31 was defoated 257 to 43.
William Adamson, labor leader ia
the house of common, announced that
tho final returns of the recent vote ort
a miners utrike wore (M1,H1W for and
101,007 anainst. lio saidi he did not be
lif vo tho government had done all it
could to mnet tho miners' demands.
W1U Try to Avert Strike
"Confronted with the prospect of
civil strife, we should do all in our
power to avert it," said Lloyd Kleorge
in introducing the bill "I had hoped
tho bill would be passed through alt
its stages today.
"To grant the miners' demand with
out Inquiry might made hundreds of
thousands jobless, while crippling the
export of coal. The miners were plac
ed first in demobilization and the
terms offered them y.'urc tho most gen
erous of any country in Europe."
The premier projwsed a ro.luction in
hour, and a raise in the "price of ooal
at tho pit head to shillings a ton
($0.50), compared with 11 to 12 hill
ings (2.T5 to $3) ia America.
Lloyd-Goorge .prumised re-organization
of mining, housing, wages and
hours, but nid the reduction of two
working hours a day, as demanded,
would have a serious erfoct.