Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, January 31, 1919, Image 1

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    t 5000 CIRCULATION I
(25,000 BEADEBS DAILY)
Only Circulation in Salem Guar-
'. anteed by the Audit Burean of
Circulations
FULL LEASED WIRE J
. : DISPATCHES
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAIf
LEY NEWS 8SHVICE
Wealhsr Report 5
Oregon. Tonight and Satur-
day rain, moderate northtrly
winds. , '
- :.'.:,:r
i
M i
tft ,r" re 'c i--r
a u in in R- n i n i hi
ijjj iyj imj L1 Hii V
FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 20.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWa
STANDS FIVR r-RNTH
UUUL UUL UL UUL .1
- ..-.'..-...
Senator New's Measure Would Make All Men Over eight
een Subject To Call For Training During One Year,
Preferably In Nineteenth Year. These Men Would
Be Members Of Reserve To Be Called In Case Of War.
Washington, Jan. 31. Univorsia'l
military training is provided for in a
bill introduced totday by Senator New,
4-muiwiu.
The measure provides:
That all men over 18 shall be sub
ject io a call for training.
That the training period shall not be
louger than a year .and that training
Hhull be given in one continuous poriod.
That following training, men so train
ed shall becoino members of the nation
al reserve subject to call in case of war.
Thtit training shall bo given prefer
ably to tho nineteenth year.
That exemptions may be granted for
depomiency, in case congress does not
jrv.vido a- equivalent.
That a man exempted one year must
continue to register yearly until his
twenty-sixth year.
Tho president is empowered to di
vide the country into truining zones or
areas and registration and classifica
tion boards avo provided for. The men
of tho rcservo arc to be classified by
Ages and thoso of the youngest class
culled first in case of war. 1
Won't Endure Militarism.
In a speech in support of the bill,
New declared that American people will
"WE NEVER LET CONTRACTS
ONLY TO LOWEST BIDDERS"
DECLARES MR. THOMPSON
Public Meeting For Discussion
Of Koads And Paving Held
Last Night.
"Wo have never let a contract ex
cept to the lowest bidder. We have not
lot a contract to the Warren Construc
tion Co. excepting when they were the
lowest Ibidder," declared W. L. Thomp
eon, state highway commissioner, at a
public meeting held last evening in the
li ouse of representatives, called by the
.joint ways and means comittee of the
liouse and senate to discuss the road
'situation in Oregon.
This statement was made by Mr.
Thompson in reply to the insinuation
that the state highway commissioners
were letting contracts favoring the
Warren Construction company. He fur
ther declared that contractors had
made nk money during the past two
years on Oregon road contracts and
that many had gone broke, duo to the
sudden advance in cost of materials.
Referring q. the contracts on tho
Hnlem-Aurora road, Comissioner Thomp
wn said that the specifications for
the job were passed on by engineers
of 'the bureau of public service roads
of the United States and that even if
the contractors did make $2000 a mile,
it war but a fair profit, considering
'investment and gf;ral depreciations
of plants. As for the much talked of
Clackamas county roads, the state of
Oregon would not accept such roads
nor had the commission accepted any
such road.
Irregularity Somewhere
"If Clackamas county did construct
' Toadg at the figure claimed, it etcher
bought the asphalt at one third less
than the market price, or it failed to
put into the pavement the amount of
asphalt required by the state's speci
fications. Either that, or. the county
did not Jay the pavement' the required
five inches." ' .. .
As to thei ten years maintenance con
tract with paving concerns, Mr. Thomp
cn declared that the commission
would not require a 10 year mainte
nance if it found it advisable not to
Vut that it did expect to require a five
year maintenance bond from responsi
ble contractors.
"Make regulations for weights that
tray bo carried on the highways,"
urged Mr. Thompson. "This problem
of heavy trucks is 'the great problem
of maintaining and building toads
that will stand. There is no objection
to the tax on gasoline but there is
nome objection to taxing dbtillatc. The
legislature is supported in providing
for double automobile tax. Instead of
taxjng the farmers' trucks, put ths tax
on heavy trucks engaged in passenger
and heavy freight business.
"The people of the state comment!
the legislature in passing the $10 .000,
OOO road bond bill. But if you men
have the nerve, you should put an
s
not endure uny permanent military pol
icy which smacks of militarism. For
tins reason, he said, tho oOO.OOO' stand-
I tig army proposed-by Secretary Baker
should not be authorized. '
Universal military training, New de
clared, frees the country from militar
ism.
"It provides," he said, "the only
guarantee against maintenance of a log
I ular army larger than the country need!
Or is willing to support.
"Let us confront the fuct. Wo do not
know what obligations are being pre
pared for us in Paris, but we do know
that wo have duties toward ourselves
and .totwnrd posterity. It may be well
to make tho world sr.fo for democracy.
Let us first mako it fit for ourselves.
"This is a national issue and 1 am
firmly convinced that now, not at some
nebulous future indeterminate date, is
tho time to come to a decision con
cerning our milittiTy policy for tho fu
ture. Today wo can tako advantage of
the experience which has been gained
and continue tho application of its les
sons. Demobilize completely and it will
bo too If te. Wo shall have to start all
over again and I, for one, am not will
ing to permit the loss of what wo have
gained."
omcrgency clause on the bill to keep
such men as C. E. Spence and others
from putting us up against a referen
dum. Tho people are with you."
Mr. Thompson also complimented the
legislators on the fact that there was
no lobby of any kind hanging around
on road legislation.
Mr. Booth Spsfie
B. A. Booth spoke briefly on lie
work be'ing done by the commission
and what it hoped ito accomplish. "I
don't like to serve on this commission
but I '11 not be run off by grafters and
politicians," said Mr. Booth.
Juiro Bushey speaking briefly
said: "I have no insinuations to cast
on any 'ono. Wo know what our roads
cost jMy opinion is that we can build
roads like the contractors and beat
them at the game. I 'm not saying any
thing against the state highway com
mission and I'm not finding fault. All
we want is good roads for the money
and we will assist the road commis
sion." John R. Penlund, former city engin
eer of Albany, quoted prices of pave
ments laid in Albany of five inch
asphaltic concrete with a three inch
asphaltic concrete with .a .three inch
base and two inch top. In 1914 the
actual cost was 65 cents a square yard,
not-including overhead. In 1915 it cost
$1.05 a square yard. He said the pave
ment was satisfactory and that for an
overhead expense, about 10 ients a
square yard should be added. Mr. Pen
land thought the cost of building a
pavement now would t3 about twice
that of 1915.
W. J. Culver, Marion cnunty road
master, said the county had laid pave
ment on gravel road bed for 67 a
square yard in 1915 and that the road
leading Irom eialem to ISilverton laid
in 191 S cost 86 cents a square yard
with the county paying 7: cents a
yard rent for use of the paving plant.
C. E. Spence, master. of the state
grange, said that he did not speak ut
an expert on roads! He did claim that
most of the promises niailo when the
$8,000,000 road (bonds had been voted,
had not been carried out by the com
missioners. From the report of Clack
amas coonty paving, Mr. Spence quot
ed 79 cents a square yard as the ccst
of a five inch paving in 1916. In 1917
the cost was 91 cents and in 1918
$1.0114 a square yard to the county,
three inch base with a two ii.ch top.
Could Lay Road Cheaper
Mr. Spence claimed that a contract
or could not lay a road as cheaply as
a county, as he had organization ex
penses, high priced officers, high pric
ed attorneys, law suits to defenu, ex
pensive offices and a lobby at.the leg
islature. "I've always favoTcd taxation for
roads," declared Sir. Spenee. "I am
far good roads ail the time. It is un
fair to say I am opposed to good roads
because I opposed the $6,000,000 road
(Continv.4d on page eight)
LAFOLLETTt'S BILL
ABOLISHES OFFICE
OF PAROLE OFFICER
He Seeks To Put End To Pri
son Difficulties By Abol
ishing This Position. '.
If the bill introduced in tho senate
totday by Senator LaFollet is enacted
into law, State Parolo Officer Joe Kel
ler will wake up one morning about 90
duys after tho legislature adjourns and
find himself out of a job.
The bill abolishes tho office of state
parolo officer and bauds tho duties ov
er to tho warden of the penitentiary.
A iothcr bill was introduced yesterduy
sfternoon by Senator LaFollott amend
ing the parolo law relative to reports
which are to bo made, by courts to the
parole officer.
Senator LaFollott read the report of
tho Marion county grand jury, which,
after tin exhaustive investigation found
that Keller was the chief cause of all
tho strifo and trouble at tho pen sinco
Governor Withycombe put him 011 the
state payroll three or four years ago.
Ho says tho cause of trouble should be
'removed and his bill is tho means by
which he hopes to accomplish that re
sult. But the senator must know that ho is
going up against the power of tho ex
ecutive office and the influence of U
crew of state eppointeeg who will rally
to save the governor's favorite appoin
tee from being severed from the state 's
payroll.
Tho grand jury found that Keller was
wielding a:i influence ovor tho governor
which mado him practically dictator, of
tho govornor's policy in connection
with tho prison. It found that Keller
obtnined or stoppod paroles at his pleas
ure, and that through his running to
the governor with tales of prison af
fairs undermined various wardens and
eventually got their official scalps.
8cnt.tor LaFollott is going to attempt
to end the mess by .decapitating tho
chief meager. - .. - -
Nat C. Goodwin, Famous
Comedian, Passes Away
New York, Jen. 31. On the eve of
his sixth marriage, Nat C. Goodwin,
famous comedian, died in his apart
ments at the Hotel Claridge horo ea.rly
today. Sobbing beside his bed as lifo
passed out "was Miss Georgia Gardner,
23, whom Goodwin, 62, was to have wed
next week. She was taken to hot
room bordering on a state of collapse,
it was suid.
Miss Gardner was a member of Good
win's company which was producing
"Why Marry" now a road show. The
last npper.rauce of the couiilo togothcr
was last Saturday night.
Funeral arrangements have not been
completed, but friends said the body
would be taken to Boxbury, Msss., for
burial. Goodwin's aged parents now
livo in Boxbury, where Goodwin was
born. His mother is reported to be
quite ill.
The actor was one of the founders of
the Lambs club here and a prominent
member. Friends in this club probably
will take pErt in a brief funeral ser.
vico kl Campbell's morgue horo today.
DAYLIGHT SAVING DUE SOON.
. Washington, Jan. 31. Its eight
weeks from Sunday until we move up
the old time piece and start daylight
saving again.
The law provides this skip of time
shall take place at 2 a. m. on the last
Sunday in March.
Another group of legislative leaders caught in characteristic attitudes.
OLD AGE PR1SI0N
TO BE ELUDED
tie. 8. POLICIES
War Time Insurance May Be
Concerted Into Any Of Six
Different Policies.
PLAN ALSO TO INCLUDE
DIVIDED FEATURES
Death Awards Since Govern
ment Entered This Field Ag-
gresste $294,720,500.
Washington, Jan. 31. Provisions ap
proximating old age pensions are to be
included in the new government insur
ance policies, it was officially stated
today. Tho policies into which the pres
ent war timo insurance may be convert
ed number six lotdinary lifo, 20 pay
mont life, 30 payment life, 20 year en
dowment, 30 ycar endowment and en
dowment, "ago 62."
In each of the six policies are in
cluded clauses which provide for the
continuous payment of allowances in
event of total disability of the insured
during the life of the policy. The poli
cy holder will draw the rogular allow
ance although payment of premium may
havo stopped, it is explained.
Tho now fedoral policies also ere
planned to include participating divi
dent features, officials said, liescrves
of the government bureau if a pro
posed amendment to the insurance ct
pusses congress will bo invested in
government securities, insuring a funod
upon which to draw SB "profit." It
was indicated the reserves will bo In
vested in I:onls of the Yarm loan banks,
which at present sre "pioldiug about Va
per cent.
Announcer Awards Today. ,
Death awards siuco tho government
entered the insuiance field wore an
uouncf.d todnj ut 34,909 aggregating
$294,720,500. During the month of Jr.n
uary, including cstimatoi on the claims
to bo recoived totday, the death awardt
totalled 10,999, amounting to $102,231,
000, Colonel Henry D. Lindsley, chief
of tho bureau, reported.
In allotments nnd G-llowancos and ac
crued death claims disbursements of
the bureau amount t0 $363,130,607 since
it began operations.
Practically til of tho certificates for
war time insuranco have been mailed
out, Lindsloy said. Of the 4,480,000 pol
icies outstanding, 4,220,000 havo becu
sent to the beneficiaries of the sol
diers, sailors and marines who carry tl
TWO POPULAR SPEECHES
,
- ;
Two sot speeches are most
popular in the house of ropresen j
tativos. The firBt, regardless of j
ijc on what side a question a repre-
aentative maybe speaking is,
"I yield first place to no man
in the matter of patriotism etc"
This is especially handy if the
speaker is orating on a red flag
or criminal Byndacalism propo-
4c gition. But the expression that (
is used several times a day end
every day is, "Mr. Speaker,
what bill are we voting onf" ,
,
UNDER THE BIG CAPITAL
V .-"AMD &&&&J 1
BiLL WOULD KEEP RURAL
DOGS AT HOME NIGHTS
House Grinding Away Ga All
Sort Of Bills, i avci s Ex
tra Pay For Sai&srs.
Theie was no oratory nor even a
disposition to urate in the house this
morning, it waj just plain business
from the btprt and tho reading clork
kept matter; humming until the noon
hour.
Speaker Seymour Jones announced
tht;t the last day for tho indiscriminate
introducing of bills would be next Mon
day. After that day, a bill must be
passed on and recommendod beforo a
special .committee beforo it may bo in
troduced in tho house.
The morning session started in with
tho reading of a resolution by the Farm
c"s' Union of Oregon, asking thnt some
thing be done to recover tho school land
of tho slato that had been secured by
rrauct several years ago.
V memorial to congress passed the
house in which tho Oregon legislators
went on record ns favoring the payment
to every discharged soldier of a six
months' salary and a civilian suit of
clothes 0r the pieo of a suit.
Another resolution favored by the
house was one asking congress for relief
on railroad lates on materials used in
tho construction oi roads in tho state.
When tho administration assumed
chrrge of tho railroads tho rates took
a sudden jump. The legislators of the
house want tho rate for road building
materials restored to the figures in the
tariff in effect before the administra
tion took over the railrosds.
Representative Dennis of Yamhill
county introduced a bill on tho dog
question. It provides that dogs ovor
six months old shall be kept at home
from 8 o'clock in the evening until 6
o'clock in the morning unless undor
immediate control. Also that when a
do hangs c round a, farmer's houso ten
d-is, said farmer is legally to be rt
gatded as the owner. The bill is to
protect sheep and othor stock and pro
vides tho manner of proceeding in caso
of dcniiigo. If the bill becomes a luw,
do;,'s will have to stay homo at night
or run a chance of .getting their own
ers in trouble This is ..especially true
of the rural dog. , . ,
t Eopresontntive Burdick who has boon
confined to his room by the flu for tho
past week, had bill introduced which
provides that country school districts
with less than eight montliB of school
for tho present school .year shall not be
debarred from receiving its regular al
lowance of school funds. The present
law provides thct if a school district
hus less than eight months of school in
n year it shall not benefit by tho ochool
fund. The law was proposed to relieve
those districts that closed for seven,!
months on account of the influenza.
School teachers in Portland receiving
less thun $2000 a year way receive a
raiso in si'laries if tho bill proposed
by Mr. Richardson becomes a law. It
passed the house this morning with 34
votes. To officially pass, a measure
must receive 31 votes. Mr. Richardson
won famo iv few years ago in repre
senting his wifo in her suit agaiiiBt t
school board of Portland when they dis
charged her on account of getting mar
ried. Sho won. Mr. Richardson is a
lawyer.
insurance.
Insurance writton by tho government
has reached the astounding total of $39
232,2157,500 about $12,000,000,000 more
than the combined Insurance outstnndt
ing of pll commercial life insurance
companies in the United States. The
avovngo of Insurance carried by men In
the service is $8,750.
Tho bureau .however, is still writing
insuranco. Applications are coming in
by the hundreds daily.
DOME
Now That "Satisfactory Provisional Agreements" Has
Been Reached Regarding Disposition Of German Col
onies, World Congress Now Takes Up Other Ques
; tions. Other Statesmen Bow To Wilson's Ideas. -
By Fred S. Ferguson.
Taris, Jan. 31. The next great issu
to bo settled is self -determination, it de
veloped today. Preliminary stops to
ward consummation of this vital prin
ciple was expected to be aken when
the "peace bureau resumed jts sessions
this afternoon.
Tho agreement reached yestorday re
gurding disposition of Gorman colonies
docs not apply to European territories
contrary to general belief according
to authoritativo information. Tho rea
son is that these peoples are too far
advanced in cvory way to permit out
siders to administer thoir affairs.
The Dalmntion question, it was point
ed out, is Blill unsettled, although by
accepting the principle involved in yes
terday's colonial agreement, Italy cbnn
doncd tho argument of "security"
which was Australia's chief contention.
Similar cases include tho Czechoslo
vaks ' cliiiem to German territory with
in and bordering Bohomia, nnd Franco's
dosire for "more securo frontiers"
along the west bank of tho Rhino.
While it was frankly admitted in
certain quarters today that the self
determination issue perhaps will preci
pitate moro bitter disagreements even
than thoso which wore settled yester
day , groat stop was token toward
fixing tho principles of solf-detornuuB-tion
when the inviolability of the ar
mistice terms was practically conceded.
... . V..S. Influence Weighty.
Official announcement that "satis
factory provisional 'agronmcnts,'' . had
been reached regarding tho disposition
of German colonies and occupied terri
tories in Turkey and Asia mean8 that
the opposed powers havo r.ccepted Pres
ident Wilson's program for placing all
disputed areas undor administration of
tho lenguo of nations with interested
powers f eting an trustees. It was Am
PACT WITH ITALIANS IS
CAUSING BIG PROBLEMS
Controversy Between Jugo
slavs And Italy Brought On
By Secret Treaty.
By Amos Plnchot
(Written for the United Pross.)
Washington, Jan. 31. Tho controver
sy betwoen Italy and tho Jugoslavs
growing- out of the secret treaties of
tho allies, in which tho United Stutes
had no part, is oho of the most serious
menaces to harmonious agreement on
a peace settlement.
There seems to be no way for Presi
dent Wilson to clear tho peace table of
this embarrassing complication without
first forcing destruction of tho sceret
treaties. This can be done only if tho
peoples of the United States and the
allied countries understand his position
and are willing to back lin in this dif
ficult but seemingly necessary under
taking. The trouble between the Italians and
their new eastern neighbors arises from
the London Pact of 1915. Articlo IV
gives her Dalmatia and adjacent
islands. The Jugoslavs contend that
Italy has neither political nor ethnolog
ical claims to these territories, and a
crisis of extrome delicacy had been
precipitated that already has warrant
ed some measures of intervention by
the othor allies. According to the cen
sus of 1910, the population of Dalmatia
was 645.666. Of these, it is estimated
that 60,000 are Italians. Tho Hlav in
habitants number approximately 480,
000 and only about- 30,000 of those
speak Itnlinn.
Principal Beacon.
The principal reason why Italy wants
Dalmatia is found in the formation of
the littoral. On tho Italian side, the
Adriatic is shallow and sandy; it is
a nice place for children to bathe, but
is no place for shipping. The Dalma
tian coast, on the other hand, is brok
en by bays and gulfs, and fringed with
islands; ?nd almost every mile has a
commodius harbor for merchant ves
sels or a woll-sheltered base for war
ships. France and Great Britain are ob
ligated to Jback Italy's Dalmatian
claims, in spite of the new Jugo-Hlav
nation, which presumably until recent
ly, has also been kept in ignorance of
the secret treaties- They pledged
themselves to do so in the treaty of
1915, and if they don't Italy can seek
revenge by oppesing French and Brit
erican pressure that swung , the allies
iiuio vii iuu ivusHiua proposal auu
American influence . that resulted m
unanimous adoption of the league of
nations principle after some of tho Eu
ropean nations hud fought for reten
tion of tho old "balance of power."
The victory was not without its scars
however, if the attitude of the Aus
tralian delegatos, following the unf
vornblo decision regarding their colon
ial claims is a criterion. It was no
secret today that tho Australians,, while
admitting thnt Wilson was working on
ly for the realization of a vitul pnnuir '
pie, felt that the United States hud
failed to distinguish between measures
that wore essential to Australia's liar
tional safety and pftty territorial am
bitions. The president, during th
course of a long conversation with Pre
mier Hughes yestorday, reiterated that
America appreciated Austrulia's ceo
nomic and political Claims regarding tho
former German colonies, el't, tho pres
ident failed to concede an inch of
ground on tho nuiin issue.
Referring to his conversation, .. one
Australian delegato said: "I am con
vinced that if ours was tho only' caso,
President Wilson would have been with."
ns."
Tho fur-reaching effoct of the deci
sion regarding Australia's specific
claims may be judged by a statement
Foreign Minister Bonnino of Italy mado
to Hughes, following the hitter's pre
seuti'tioii of Australia's case.
"You havo stated our caso regarding
paimutiu exctly," sid Sonniiio. ? ,-.
MAKE NO RETALIATION.
Washington, Jan. 31. No retaliatory
jnoosurcs against Great Britain will
bo taken by tho war trado board bo
cause of recent import restrictions
against American goods, it was an
nounced today.
ish claims in other districts. For in
s'nnce, another secret memorandum
provides for tho partitioning of Arabia
between Franco and Great Britain. If,
at Versailles, Franco and Great Brit
ain should bulk at tho treaty of 1915,
Italy's representatives mny well be ex
pee'ed to protest against the fulfill
ment of tho arrangement regarding
Ariibin, and other secret understandings
which ore equally important to them.
One of the claims which Great Brit
ain is expected to make under the
shadow of the secret agreements is
the exclusion of Germany from trade
with China. Another will be an ex
tended sphere of influence in Mesopo
tamia, including the world's richest oil
regions. France and Italy are expected
to demand an equal participation with
Great Britain, in the division of Euro-,,
pean Turkey. All of these agreements
aro mutual. They stand or fall on the
common determination of tho powers
that made them to abide by them.'
ft
'
: ABE MARTIN
Th' ways an' means committee o
th' White" Woodwork club '11 meet at
th' home ' Mrs. Tipton Bud, t'day."
".Ole friends, ole wine, olo books,'
an' ole prices.