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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 15, 1919)
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cpf(1AL WILLAMETTE VAU
EY ' KSW3 SERVICE
faptY.SECOJD YEAR NO. 8.
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 15, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
C1H STRAINS AND NEWS
F? A VPS FIVE CEVT6J
" fl Tin n
I f J M S J Li fl -j - It
AT PEACE COWFBim
Associated Powers Have Reached Conclusion That Dis
cussion Of World Peace Would Be Futile Without
Consideration Of Vast Populations Of Northern
Country. Program For Investigation Of Actual Con
ditions In Russia Was Fully Discussed Today.
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Jan. 13. Representation for
Ifuseia at tlie peace congress was ex
peeled to be definitely determined up
on at today's session of the inter allied
The tssociated powerg liavo reached
the obvious conclusion that discussion
of world peace would be absolutely fu
tile without the vast population of Bus-
- 1.1. ....,1 rPl...tr .In,. iiA tin.
flcrstood to realize that the Russian
problem cannot be solved without tho
consent and cooperation of the people
, A program for of ficiul Investigation
or actual conditions in xtussta to ne
fully discussed today. Tliis, it was be
lieved, will result in a commission bo
ing sent into that country which would
report directly to the conference. Upon
the report would be based some pro
gram of recognition for the soviet gov
eminent and other ructions that they
might send a wcdiitd representatives
Formal Action Today.
Formal action was also to be taken
today on the question of granting rep
resentation to the British dominions.
Shis not only carries out tho league of. Counsellor Polk -of the state depart
nations id, but is significant as bring mmit orrone(nigv assumed that Prcsi
iK additional western thought into tho do,,t wi,aon wnil(1 hn ,Ur..tU
conference. America's, entmnee-into' whieh 11Bjioubtcaly would have been the
he w transformed the issues from cftafl if lhis particular gnbicct ,,R(! C(,m0
fcaropcan to world wide scope, and now up in tho coure of the ail)on)atic con.
old world political ideas are in contact versations.
with those of the new world. Canadian But thig WR1! onlr one angle of thf
VitZT for,instance' re problem, which the varion. government
iw ,' 4 , . re constantly exchanging upon. Fur-
hn " &n'mt .h" thermore, it was explained Wi'son was
HHsl T ""KM'toT B0t in C0Iltaet with1 th0 BHtish
TIJtt " thai time.
-to separate J? 'fS&ZJ
VOTE OF SENATE PLACES
OREGON FAVORABLE TO
senator Thomas Protests
Against Bonding Bslis Being -SEpped
, , iiiiuiwuiviUB YULU,
"ua a msoroua nmt.. k.. t r.
inouuag amiinsi: hin- Ui.u.. i a
j-'g Mis being .s,ipi)ftod ?l,r;7gh the
(s-'s.ature during the closing hours by
Pfcal interests, featured tU. morn-
wT810'1 of the senato.
hl -t V ths wnate of
7 ,V 1 rt,soluun No. 1, by !
"lore Oregon takes its plae in the Ui
states which have ratified the na-
Tl.. . . ' "
'1o' Zdrlefin',tllatkin tak6 th'
factory urt lt ' bMoT
Korth Sea nl- ?'1 1 didn' buv V
r ABE MARTIN
the latter being d.awn In only when
questions directly affecting them aro
dismissed, thereby eliminating the very
remote danger of a "packed conven
The only countries, in fact, whose rep
rrsontation has not been at4east tenta
tively fixed are the two which made
operate peace settlement with the cerrf
tral powers Russia and Bumauia.
Thcie seems to be no obstacle in tha
way oi granting delegates to the latter,
...u uumuvi uuuiK wiw vuxri iiiniier un
der consideration, Russian representa
tion bviously will take more time and
Opposition Not Final
The fooling' pwvails now that For
oigulTinistor Pichon's bitter oppostkn
to even partial recognition of the Rus
sian soviet government, based on a sug
gestion of the British government fa
voring such recognition, need not be
considered final. In this connection, it
was authentically reported today that
there is nothing mysterious in the fect
that tho American delegation knew
nothing of tho British proposal until Pi
chon's published statement.
Tho proposal was forwarded to Wash
ington thrnnirh 1ia nannl .Itannnl.
tional prohibition amendment. The El
more resolution did not reach tho son
ate until after a similar resolution by
Senator Eddy had been passed, but as
soon as it was read Senator Eddy mov
ed the suspension of th-e rules and the
immediate adoption ef tho resolution,
as he said he wished to givo Mr. El
more, a voteran in the ranks of prohi
bition advocate, the honor of being
the father of the resolution which plac
es Oregon on record for national pro
hibition. Senator Eddy said ho would have
tho eomunittee in the house kill tiis
Began About BumOrj
Immediately after the senate open
ed, Senator Thomas rose to a question
of personal privilege, and then opened
up on the rumors that a big highway
bonding ibill is being prepared In Port
land for the legislature, while none of
the members here seem to know any
thing albout what is going on.
He reviewed the manner in which
the $6,000,000 bonding bill wag rushed
through the legislature during the clos
ing hours of the 1917 session, and de
clared that the bill was vicious and
At the last session, he said, he had
mado diligent effort to learu what was
Ln tho ibill, which wag being shown to
memlbarg who wero being asked to sign
it ttt a certain local hotel, but he was
unable to get hold of the tiill or evmi
see the bill until a printed copy was
put on his desk at 0 o'clock on tho
night that the bill was made a special
order for 8 o'clock.
"That was an insu't to members of
this legislature, " he declared. "Again
at thig session, when road building and
providing employment for returning
soldiers aro the greatest issues before
us, we hear rumors that swarm of
lobbyists are going bo descend upon ui
with a $10,000,000 bonding bill. It is
now being drawn iby lawyers in Port
larrd There is to a repetition of
what occurred last session, I don't in
tend to permit it, if I can prevent it.
Won't Admit It
"If we permit this to be done we
impliedly admit that we do not possess
the ability to enact the legislation
which we were- gent hero to enact. 1
ao not admit any such thing. I do not
(Continued on page three)
PROGRAM ARE RIFF
Premier Gcnmeeau WH Pro
bably Preside At Formal
Sessions Of Coimci
By William Philip Siimns
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 15. Three questions dom
inatcd goneral discussion of the confer
ence program today as the time ap
proached fcr the first full session of
tho peace conference set for Saturday
afternoon. They were:-
Will the session be open or secret!
Will the bolshevik problem or the
league of nations como up first
Will Premier Clomencean or Preti
dont Wilson preside!
These, together with a score tf minor
puzzles aro solved or unsolved, as fast
as one newapaper cdiO'f?ucceeda n-
otner, or a correspond, I meets one of
the conferees. .
Nothing aujthorilative ipould bo ob
tained whether the conference will be,
oppn 80crct- As to the question what
should be broached first, Clemenccnu
already is pledgod to bring up the
league of nations at the outset. Tho bol
shevik problem probably will come
next. It is understood that the situa
tion oT Poland and similar questions
will bo taken up in the general Rus
Will Have Chairmanship.
It is generally agreed that Clemen
ceau will be given the chairmanship
through diplomatic precedent. Presi
dent Wilson does not take precedence
over Clomenceau because ho merely
acts aa his own premier, hanging tho
nianio of the presidency on tho same
peg with his hat ond overcoat as he
enters the council chamber. .
Invitations have been addressed to
representatives of associated nations
big and small to attend the opening
session in the Quai D'Orsav Baturday
afternoon, the time being definitely set
for 2;30. This was done through secre
taries of the five big powers After the
initial meeting, it is understood the
work of the five principal aa'ions will
be conducted largely by committees,
all debates being entirely informal.
The minor nations will bo callocl into
confercnoe then aA soon as the commit
tee completes their studies on matters
directly affecting them. . . , '
TO M'KINLEY SCHOOL
This Was Definitely Decubd
At Mecta Hsid Yesterday
The Salem Hospital will be removed
to tho MeKinley school building, now
vacant, aa soon as the necessary re
modeling can be done to equip the
building for hospital purposes.
This was definitely deoided at
meeting held Ia:;t evening between the
board of education and the Salem hos
pital executive- committee The McKir.-
ley building was built to accommodate
200 pupils and besides the eight large
rooms, has two rooms in the basemen!.
Upoa presentation to the school
board that the Salem hospital was not
a money making affair and that when
any money was accumulated it was in
vested in cquipmont, the board of edu
cation offered the building to the hos
pital free of rent.
Part of the agreement was that the.
Salem hospital wag to have prssfssior
of the school building until Sept. 1.
1920 and that it was to return the
building to the board of education in
condition for school purposes . The
Board of Kducation, knowing that the
school building would be vacant for
the next two years thought it best
to have the building occupied and
heated rather than to be unoccupied.
The Salem hospital executive com
mittee will beiriu, at ouce to remodel
in the way of erecting eight foot par
titions in the rooms and provide othnr
equipmont necessary for hospital pur
poses. This will probably cost the hos
pital about WflW.
Condition Of Colonel
Is Vor Satisfactory
Paris, Jan. 15. The condition of Col
onel House, though still confined to his
bed with indigestion, is very satisfac
tory, Gordon Auchincloss, his son-in-law
informed the United Press today. H
added that House expects to be out
within a few days.
Airplanes Available For
Patrol Service In Forests
Spokane, Wash , Jan. 15. A number
of aviators and airplanes are to be
made available hr tho war department
for lookout and patrol service in the
forests of Idaho and Montana during
tho conrng fire W.Ma. according to
Homer E. Penn . Cgden. Utah, at a
n.toting of federal fyrtsters hero Tuca-
DtLIVtRED BY HOUSE
Three Edinoaab Represen
tatives Ctst Votes Qbos-
On the second day of it session the
house of representatives went on record
Sg favoring a dry country, ratifying the
prohibition' amendment to the federal
constitution by a vote of S3 for s-nd
three against. . " '
It seems that tho governof hoped to
make the ratification unanimous. But
with three Multnomah representative:;
opposed to prohibition the best that
could be done was to call tho roll and
D. C Lewis, K. K. Kubli and E. C.
McFarland, all of Portland, had the
pleasure of standing by their record,
each voting no.
Representative Lewis said he was dry
and had been dry gince ho left his moth
or 'g arms. He wanted to be relieved of
the necessity of voting yet at the same
time wanted his position on prohibition
mado a matter of record in the journal
of the house.
Gordon of Portland thought it was
cowardly for a man to ask to bo reliev
ed from voting. Lewis attempted to
bring a resolution before the house ro-
forring tho prohibition question to a
voto of tho people. He was very much
worried lest the, passage of the bill
would take from; tho state its sovereign
right to control its own affairs.
K. K. Kubli said he was very much
ombaras8cd to differ from so many of
hi f rionds in the house but ns he had
firm convictions along certain lines he
felt constrained to oppose national pro
hibition. : .'. . .
Mr. McFarland of Portland made no
attempt to explain why ho wo-s against
national prohibition. He was content
ed to vote no without making nu ex
- Representative , Lewis ' said tuat the
governor had asleep him to refrain from
voting no in order that the house might
go' on record unanimously. Thero was
some disposition to excuse him from vot
ing but when it was found that othors
intc'idod to vote no, it was brought to
a square test, putting every man on
record. ' j
W, P. Elmore of Brownsville, who,
spoke in favor of the bill, from his!
standpoint of fighting liquor for the j
past 30 yours, was given tho honor of
making the closing talk in favor of na-
tiomti prohibition. An interested spec
tator was J. M. Shelloy of Eugono who
claimed tli at ho was responsible for tho
first iegal stop 'in the state to bring
about. K-tification when 16 years ago
ho fathered tho bill for the Australian
system of voting. . I
BAKffi f-lAY BEflEXl TO
RETIRE FROM CABINET
Is Not Itaght PrckMeJIdw-
ever, mm He rtioes Up
; Iiipdrtast Bsskess. - :
By Oarl D. Groat.
(United Pross Staff Correspondent'.)
Washington, Jan. 15. There is a pros
pect thtvt Secretary of War Baker will
retire from President Wilson's cabinet)
according to persistent rumors here to
day. If ho does, ho will return to Cleve
land and re-establish his law practice.
His reason for resigning would te a fi
nancial one, say those in touch with
Some of his friends suggest that he
may be persuaded to reniaia if given
the post of attorney general. . ,
BMkof has boon under heavy expense
while holding his cabinet place.
la the liborty loan drives it is known
that he not only "did his bit," but bor
rowed money to buy more bonds.
Baker is scheduled to make trip
to Eu. ope soon to assist in winding up
the war department's business. It is
unlikely he would quit before number
of contract matters are cleared away
and the army organization -bill disposed
Incidentally, Baker ta mentioned o-
Cttnionally as a presidential possibility.
Esoy Prisoners WEI
Rebuild Wrecked France
TVris, Jan. 15. Enemy prisoners of
war will get a chance to rebuild wliat
ther have wrecked in 1 ranee, according
to a decision of the French cabinet, an
nounced today. Toe prisoners will bo
bo employed at once on reconstruction
work in tho -devastated' regions. Two
hundred thousand are expected to be
laboring by March 20.
Charles W. Gorman, a prominent poli
tician of the state of Washington, and
state printer under Governor Meade,
was stricken with paralysis while talk
ing in a hotel at Olympia Saturday
RIOTS IN GERMANY DUE
TO SHORTAGE OF FOOD
Furnished Foods So That Fur
ther Amy Occupation Would
By Fred a Ferguson ,
Paris, Jan. 15. rFear that further oc
cupation of Germany would be neces
sary if a serious food ehort&ge devel
oped, prompted the allied food council
to permit importation of supplies into
that eountry, the United Press is able
to state authoritatively today.
Bolshevik riotg in industrial centers
such as Berlin are based upon food dif
ficulties, it was established. It was fur
ther ascertained that while Germany'
supplies aro sufficient for the moment,
the people are rapidly consuming their
stockg and would face aetual starvation
To Insure Stability
It was upon representations of the
allied military authorities that the
eouneil decided it was vital to permit
Germany to import foodstuffs. This
would insure establishment of a stable
government, it was declared, and pre
vent the necessity for further encroach
ment by tho allied armies upon Ger
man territory. '
Under Tules of The Hague conven
tion, provisioning of the people will
devolve upon the armies of occupation.
When the Germans own supplies are ex
hausted, if it were not necessary to oc
cupy additional territory, the obliga
tion naturally would increase In view
of the contlitions revealed by the al
lied military investigations, it is point
ed out that if Germany suceumbj to
anarchy s&e will be unablu to make
peace and restitution and indemnities
would bo impossible. Germany, how
ever, must pay for every pound of food
imported to save herself from dissolu
tion. -'- .
The allies, it was learned today, have
instructed Marshal Foch to enforce all
provisions of tho new terms included
in the "armistice in connection with its
prolongation. No haggling Buch as Gor-
many has boen showing a marked ton)
dency to indulge in, will be permitted.
The new terms also include transfer
of all cold in the reichbank in Berlin
to Frank fortt where it will iie placed
under allied control. - ; ,
Governor Withycombe Said h
Address That rrison ton
tons Were Improved.
Governor Withycombe was officially
inaugurated yesterday afternoon before
the joint assembly of the senate aud
house of ' representatives, members of
the supreme court and stato officials
He was sworn in by Chief Justice Mc
Bride. There was no pomp or semblanco of
glory in the proceedings. After tho
senate had been admitted there was
firut tlin official canvass of the voto
for governor with tho announcement
that Ja-mcs Withycombe had received
rfl,067 votes and William Pierce, demo
cratic, nominee. 65.440 and Grant. 6180.
Following tho official announcement of
election, the governor was sworn in.
Before reading part of his inaugural
address- the governor congratulated the
house on its prompt organization auu
getting down to business. Explaining
Hint the address was lciitfthy, the gov
ernor said ho would call, attention to
!ji.'ci!tl matters of interest. - .' .
Reference was made as to what
ohnnlil he done for the homecoming sol
diers, saying that some plan for land
sottement that is practical snouia De
ffcred. The nstural resources of Or
egon, its trade opportunities and the
building of Ships in Oregon were brief
ly referred to.' ' ,
A. tn tho! nenitentiarv which tho gov
ernor said was a sensitive subjectone
that had been the football or politics
things were- moving along very nicoly
nnw Tha w- warden was compliment
ed for the work he had done in his one
v.rx :. The governor tnougni
tho populction of the penitentiary
might now inerease since the war was
over and that some effort should be
made for the building of a cell house.
As to the flax proposition, the gov
ernor said tho past two years had been
the most snfavomble for flax culture
in the past 40 years and a 1: - cdg"d
that it had not been successful. He
claimed that if this last season had
been favorable for fla-x thi Elate
would have eleaned up $50,000.
' As to the prohibition amendment he
said; "I do nopo tnis proniomon
amendment will be unanimously rati
fied. Oregon has slways gone over the
top for all that has been good and
Boston, Mass., Jan. 15. Ten persons
were killed and fifty injured when a
truck load of molasses casks expioaea i
at the plant of the Cuban. Distilling
It is believed that the huge casks of
molosseg which were loaded on a truck
standing in the street had fermented..
fm 1 DM!
This Action Results Frca Attitude Of Pcblic That EZiar
foa Be Swept Away. Secretary Of War Baker Has
Submitted His Plan To House Aid Senate Leaders.
I OREGON TROOPS
LAUDED M HEW YORK
HiEOR THIS WIG
Boys Of 346th Field Artillery
Disappointed In Not Get
hg Into Rghtisg.
New Yok Jan. 15. The United
Stare." rmvr St. .! ainvod in New
":k h-irlicr tt- -H'-ting Ainnrie-.u
On board wero 45 officers and 1254
enlisted men. Of thig number 300 were
sick or wounded.
Twenty two cases of influenza wore
reported during the trip across.
Tho men of the 346th field artillery
aboard were from California, Oregon.
Washington, Montana and Idaho.
They were loaded down with trophies
from the battlefields, gathered just aft
er the armistice fas signed.
Tho men all of whom trained at Camp
Lewis, said they sailed for France on
July 13 On tho Bteamer Baltic, and en
camped near Bordeaux after a trip via
Liverpool. Later they wore moved to
VcufcliGteau, near ISancy.
On November 8 they were ordered to
begin moving int battle.' November
II, as they wore on-the even of going
into action, tho armistice onued hosti i,
ties. Tho 346th artillery embarked at
Brest for tho return trip home on Jan
uary 2. The trip across was unevent
ful except on the MwniWl Anv out whon
the ship ran into a sevore storm. There
wag one death from influenza.
The returning artHlorymen were giv
en an enthusiastic reception upon their
arrival here. Tho mayor's committee
mot them as they entered the harbor
and put aboard cigarettes and news
At the dock an army nana piayea
patriotic selections as they passed
ashoia. They were greeted by repre
sentatives of (ho Salvation Army, Red
Cross and X. M. C. A. who gave them
sandwiches and hot coffee.
Immediately upon deJbarkation the
artillorymen were taken to Camp Mor
ritt by special train. - Late they will
go to Camp Lowis for demobilization.
.Hattery A watn uaptain iiamuion i
Gardner of Salt Lake City was the
first unit to leave the transport.
We sure were a disappointed ibunch t
when the armistice was signed before
we got a crack at the nun, ' aeciarea
Private L. R. Greenman of Portland,
Or. Ue said tho regiment was about to
move to the firing line with its motor
batteries f iFrench 19 4 when the
fighting was stopped.
Captain Benjamin B. Foster of San
Rlafael, Cal., was in command of bat
tery B. Ho said that the artillerymen
had undergone a most intensive train
ing program and were about to be
rushed into the St. Mihiel sector when
the anmistico came.
Amonz tho memlbers of this battery
who landed were Privates Lylo Ander
son, Boiso, Idaho; Paul W. Wood, Eat
Holene, MonU, and A. (J. Clayton,
uiaa to wet uomo
"We ere surely glad to get home al
though our experience in Franoe waa
well worth the trip," said Walter
The French poopie treated
Captain Charles iFertig, Spokane,
Wash., was in command of battery C.
Other members of the battery were
Privates Berry Jackson, Pocatello, Ida
ho, and Bud Lewis of Twin Falls, Ida.
Others on board included Lieutenant
E. C. Thayer, Portland, .Or.; Private
H. a Compton, San Francisco; John U
Peradotto, Seattle, and Peter Mcln-
tyer, Pendloton, Ore.
The boys of the 346th artillery were
confident that their lucky number was
in "13." From the time they sauca
from New York, until thoy returned,
13" followed them with We Dert
According to the artillerymen "13"
was with them as follows:
Bailed from New York, on the Bal
tic, July 13.
Passed Statue or liberty at n min
utes past one, tho thirteenth hour.
Thirteen days igoing across to finf-
land. . '
Camp De Souge, France, for embar
kation home on (Friday, December 13.
Reached Brest after 13 aayi jour
Sailed from Brest with 1300 men in
(Continued on page two)
era t mm
By I o. Martin
(United Tress staff correspondent)
Washington, Jan. 15: The smallest
army compatible with national . safety
is to be the demand of congress when
it takes up the regulation plan just
submitted to the house and genato lead
ers by Seeretary of War Baker.
oena'tor Chamberlain and Representa
tive Dent, ehairman of the senate and
house military committees, today wero
studying the draft or a peace time ar
my plan which Baker submitted confi-
dentially yesterday. No hint of the de
tails of this plan has been allowed to
reach eongrcss generally.- - .
But whatever plan Baker and . the
general staff have - worked out,, eon-
gresg knows what the country wants in
the way of on army, leading members
of both houses declared today. ;
The public s attitude hag been fair
ly plain in'hundreds of letters to con
gressmen. These letters are practically
unanimous in demanding that every ves
tige of militarism be swept away. ,
CIVILIANS SHOULD I
IIA1LE FEELiG OF
: GERM' -1LS0:I
If Germans Fail To Agree,
Then Marshal Foch Will
: Dictate Terms.
By Bobert J. Bender.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Jan. 15, President Wilson is
determined' So lar as possible that ci
vilian representatives shall control tha
machinery for feuding Germany. ' But,
it the Germans fail to agree to tho
proposition advanced by the civilians,
Marshul Voch will dictate the terms.'
Edward Hurley and Admiral Benson
representing tho United Statog in com
pany with the allied commissioners were
cn routo to Treves today to meet the
German delegation and take up with
them the proposition of turning over
German merchant ships to tho allies for
transportation of food. When the ques
tion came up at the conferences of the
associated powers the president main
tained that the best Tesults could be ob
tained by putting execution of tho plan
in the hands of civilians instead of
military officials. Ho obtained suffi
cient support, particularly from Great
Britain to carry his point. One of tlio
principal American objectives just now
is to get American soldiers back home.
WU?oa hopes to obtain Gorman acqui
escence to the allied proposals, so that
Gui'i;ian ships will relieve tho present
Rairead Problem Wi -Go
To Republcan Cosgress
Washington, Jan. 15. Senate demo
cratic leaders have decided the -railroad
problem must go over to tho re
They have given up hope of framing
Hud passing bills, disposing of tho rail
roads befcre March 4, it developed to
day. Republicans, however, will make an
effort, however, to prevont President
Wilson from turning the roads back be
fore the 21 month period is up. Bena
ator Cummins wi I imronuru n resolu
tion to that effect as soon as the pres
ent hearings are over, he said totday.
Would Give Soldiers $10
For Every Month la War
Olympia, Wash.,, Jan. 15 Every sol
dier or sailor of Washington will
paid $10 for every month ef war-service,
out of etate funds, if the .bill
ready for introduction by . Senator
Goorgo B. Lamping- of King eouwty is
passed. It would appropriate $750,000
for the purpose and is endorsed by the
war veterans associations of the stato.
Iihkikrg Will Protect
German Eastern Frontiers
London, Jan. 13. Field Marshal von
Hindenbiirg has been made generalis
simo of German forces for tho protec
tion of the eastern frontiers, the Zur
ich correspondent of the Journal wired
This aetion is taken here to mean
that Germany is taking precautions
against an invasion by Polish foreea
or by tho Bussiaa bolsheviki. .