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FORTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 1.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1919.
i i hup-1 mi im &h -jiffi. il mmMi
Wilson's Return From Italy: Is Signal For Immediate
Plunge Into Final Deliberations Before Peace Con
ferenceIs Believed That President Fees He Has
Accomplished Greater Part Of What He Sought In
Making Trip To Europe. . . .
Paris, Jan. 7. President Wilson re
turned to Paris from, his Italian trip
at 9:58 this morning. ;
TO BEGIN PftELIMlNAIUES
By Eobert J. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 7. -(Back in Paris, Presi
dent Wilson was expected today to
Jifunge immediately into ths final pre
liminaries which will precede formal
peace deliberations of associated pow
ers. The president returned from Italy,
armed with the obvious support of the
ommon people of that country. This
, ndorsement, added to the apparent
Backing, of his peace program by the
majority of public opinion in great
Britain and. France was accepted in
American circles as giving him an ini
tial advantage in approaching conver
sations. Inasmuch as Wilson declared in his
Milan speech that peace must be die
tated by the common people, it is be
lieved he feels he has accomplished
through this apparent public endorse
ment tho greater part of what he
ought in coming to Europe.
' To Be Joint Conferences
The ioint conferences of the Ameri
can, British, Italian an'd French dele
gations which, it is believed in many
quarters, will constitute the real pvace
ongress, were, expected to get under
way not later than the first of next
week. - -
There was some talk in unofficial
circles that any scheduled formal con
versations might be adjourned tomor
row, the, date of Colonel Roosevelt's
funeral, in deference to the memory of
the former president.
The president was given a riotous
welcome in Turin, despite a rainstorm.
After he spoke from a balcony of the
palace, he shook hands with 1400 Ital
ian mayors who had gathered to hear
aim. Many of these men had walked
miles to the nearest railroad in order
to get to Turin.
The president said that the "Pulse
f the modern world beats in the field
and the factory. "
Wilson ' spoke again at a luncheon
given for tho presidential rarty. " The
real blood of the nation flowB in the
streets in which are the people who
more than the rest of us have borne
the stress of war," he said.
WILL BE END OP SECRECY
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press taff correspondent)
Paris, Jan. 7. The death knell of
secrecy is expected to be sounded when
the formal peace deliberations of the
associated powers open next week. The
feeling "was growing among officials
todav that these sessions, which prob
ably will start at Versailles Jan. 13
or 14, should .be open to the press of
the world. Since the allied nations
lave agreed that secret diplomacy
must be abolished, it was felt to be the
American attitude that this is the time
to put the principle into effect, Bhould
it receive ready endorsement by other
The sessions at Versailles are expect
ed to be symbolic of the new era of
Tell Binkley says his butcher informs
him that it's alius th' rule t' cut to
price o' pork chops when a final an'
laatin' peace has been signed, an'
ever upon th' mere cessation o hos
tilities. What's become o' th' ole time
drunken sailor f
ABE MARTIN I
open diplomacy and abolition of se
cret treaties. While the Versailles con
ferences will mart the official opening
of the negotiations toward peace, the
aetual opening, so far as discussion is
concerned, began with iPresident Wil
son's return to Paris today.
The Serbian, Greek, Polish, Chinese
and other smaller delegations are al
ready here. Lord Bobert Cecil assistant
secretary for foreign affairs of the
British empire, was expected to arrive
today and Foreign Minister Balfour
will probably be here Saturday. All
delegates are expected to be here by
First Subject of Discussion
The first subject for discussion will
of course K relative to another exten
sion of the armistice. There is a possi-
sibility that some modification will be
made in the present terms, along eco-
nomio lines. The armistice is entirely
a military matter, however.
In view of the growing threat of
bolshevisim. the Americans are under
stood to be inclined toward modifying
the blockade feature of the armistice
Herberts Hoover having declared . that
food conditions in some parts or Aus
tria are desperate and Germany is so
lacking in fata as to threaten serious
disquietude, it is felt that tne great
est care is necessary t9 avoid cring
ing about conditions in the central
powers which would result in such dis
order that there would be no respon
sible government to deal with. At the
same time German statesmen have no
hope of gaining the sympathy of the
United states Dy currying xavor.
la suite of preliminary , discussions
between tho associated powers, the
Germans will have to realize that the
Americans, the same as all the allies,
are here to make a ' victorious not
League or Nations second
The League of Nations will be the'
second problem in connection witn tne
general peace settlement to be taaon,
up. Despite pessimistic expressions in
some quarters, it is oeuevea tne gen
eral idea of the league will be adopt
ed with reasonable promptitude. The
president had termed all information
conferences on this subject ne nas naa
to date " satisfactory as can be ex
Premier Clemeneeau says, " Utter
ances regarding the balance of power
have not worried the Americans. It is
also stated that certain circles who are
hoolniy to muddy the league waters oy
stirring up Great Britain iu regard to
whose position in regard to tne iree
dram of the seas has not yet been stat
ed in detail, he is expected to make
clear that America will not accept sec
ond place to any power. It can be Stat
ed authoritatively, however, that he
does not intend to ask that the Brit
ish fleet tie scrapped.
To Work Out Details
Upon adoption of the general plan
for tho league of nations, a committee
comprised of representatives of vari
ous powers will be appointed to work)
out the details. Freedom of the seas
doubtless will come under such discus
Aside from frequent sittings of the
formal session at Versailles, there will
be serious separate discussions at tho
headquarters of the various delega
American. British. French and Ital
ian delegations were unusually busy
today on the derails of organization.
Hundreds of experts were uaseuiuuug
entire libraries of data. The American
library alone now consists of ten thou
AM State Buildings At Warsaw
Were Occupied Early
Warsaw. Jan. 6. The Polish govern
ment today was in control of Prince
fianieha. who acted as stage manager
for a- coup d'etate yesteraay morning,
which had for its object the establish
ment of a eoalition ministry.
Under direction of Sapieha all state
hnildintni were occupied during the ear
j , -
ly hour8 of yesterday and the cabinet
members placed under arrest. Sspieha
then conferred with the government's
military leaders, 'General Piludslai and
General Szcptycki. Sapicha, earned
away by the success of his eoup, en
deavored to get the generals to agree
1 - - .!..4i'sn Knf ftlAV in.
paign of a coalition government.
BAKDITS ROB ARMY
Three Captured And Fourth
Thought To Be Wounded In
Woods Near By.
' Taeoma, Wash., Jan. 7. Three un
known bandits, who held up and rob
bed the Cs-mp Lewis Army Bank at 11
o'clock this forenoon were caught by
the military police after a chase
through the cantonment. One Or the
robbers is believed to be a woman. En
tcring the bank, they covered the cash
ier, a cleric and a lieutenant wno was
making a dope sit, then went back of
the cage and secured $500 In cash and
The holdups are thought to be color
ed. James Creehan, president, and
three clerks were in the bank when the
robbers enterod. The trio drew revol
vers and commanded all present to hold
up their hands. The army officer at
the cashier's window and the clerks-
reached for their guns and a lively fus
illade followed. James Henry, military
policemen, who was attracted by the
shots, rushed into the DanK and was
shot by one of the robbers and seri
ously wounded. During the shooting,
the smaller of the robberB slipped be
hind, the cage and grabbed $500 in gold
lying loose on the desk.
All three men made a dasn rrom tne
building. Military police gave chase
and soon overhauled two of the band
its. The third man escaped but was
later surrounded in the woods, lie is
said to be wounded sod his capture is
certain. A fourth member of the gang,
driving an automobile, which was wait
ing on the others, was also arrestea.
Taeoma. Wash.. Jan. 7. Military po
lice this afternoon surrounded in the
woods and captured the last or the trio
of colored bandits, one of whom was
a woman, who earlier held up and rob
bed the Camp Lewis army bank
The driver of a Taeoma taxicab, in
which the robbers ( intended to make
their escape with the $1,000 in cash
taken from the bank, was captured
Continued on page six)
WERE WILLING TO KILL
HELPLESS WOMEN AND
Correspondent Writes Of Impressions Of German Sail
ors. Off icers Are Mostly Men Who Were Educated
To Consider Crimes For Fatherland Honorable.
Jackies Are Of Different Stamp Entirely.
By Edwin Hullinger
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Harwich, Eng., Dec. 18. (By Mail.)
What kind of fellows personally are
these German submarine sailors they
who used to go about sinking passen
ger vessels and hospital ships without
This is a question every American
has asked himself at some time.
From a British launch today I saw
hundreds of them standing in gro
tesque groups on the U-boats' decks,
tumbling from the submarine into the
launch and leaning against their kits
as tho launch hurried them back to
their transports and I talked person
ally with dozens of them.
The firat personal impression as your
launch draws up beside a submarine
is the boyishness of the faces before
you. -Many seemed from 15 to 16. Sev
eral admitted they were 18, one 17
The next, is the remarkable expres
sionlessness of their features. You had
expected to find sullenness, or dejec
tion, or spite. Instead you find your
self looking into a group of absolute
masks, registering neither joy nor sor
row, relief or strarn, pleasure nor bate I
absolutely nothing giving the faintest
hint as to what is going on behind.
Yon never realized before the capacity
of the German physiognomy to conceal
You came to find desperate men
You found strange-looking boys, in gro
tesque nondescript uniforms.
Some wore the conventional grayish
jacket worn by locomotive and station
ary enginemen in the states. Others
combined the regular blue jacket of
the German navy with a pair of olive
khaki trousers. Still others had their
engineer's jaekct over an ordinary
dark brown or black pair of civilian's
trousers. All had the little round blue
eap of the German jackie.
All Not Boys.
As the crew swarmed off the sub
marine into the launch it became ap
parent all were not boys. Here and
there was a man of 30, bristling in a
4 or 5 days growth of whiskers. Here
was a chap of 26, looking as if he had
just come from a machine shop.
Ofine aboard, the masks dropped from
their faces, and I was soon surrounded
i . ;nM nt Aaaer MmiWnp German
boys, with fat cheeks and friendly blue
AH PARTS OF WORLD
Four Telegraphers At Oyster
Bay Are Swsspea With
Messages Coming In.
Oyster Bay, Jan. 7.-Words of sym
pathy for Mrs. Theodore Boosevelt and
the bereaved Boosevelt family ana
pressions of sincere grief at the death
of Colonol -Theodore Boosevelt, poured
into the house on the hill today from
all parts of the world. Four telegraph
operators were swamped with messages.
Among them were the following:
President WilBon "Pray accept my
hoartfolt sympathy in the death of yo'ir
distinguished husband. . The news of
which has shocked me very much."
Secretary Daniels: "My wife isles
me in sincere sympathy in the death
of your distinguished husband."
Old Companion Hears News.
Dcadwood, S. D., Jan. 7. Captain
Seth Bullock, soldier, cattle man and
rough ridor, today expressed to the Unit
ed Press his great sorrow at the death
of his friend and former commander,
'For more than 30 years I have known
Theodore Boosevelt intimately, first as
a cattle man on the ranges of Dakota.
territory, when all was open range west
of the Missouri, then as a hunter of
biff same, civil service commissioner.
assistant socretaryiof navy, Colonel of
the Bough Eiders, President of the
United Stages, and welcome guest of
the people of the British empire in Lon
don. In all these positions he was the
same as in his cow boy days, clean
minded, open hearted and unafraid. He
fears nothing that walks on the earth,
was said of him when he was specal dep
uty sheriff in Dakota. This character
istic was his to the end. ... Every loyal
American has lost a personal friond.
Our nation in his- death sustains its
sreatest bereavement since the death of
Lincoln. Civilizations :wonrns. his
(Continued on page two)
eyes, all trying to answer all questions
The element of bitterness seemed to
be gone from the situation from their
point of view. The surrender had
"wiped that out." And now they want
ed to begin over again and be friends
They wcro not sea-faring boys, never
had been and never would be. The ono
at my elfiow was from Berlin, the ono
beyond from the Khineland; another
from Duesseldorf. They were mostly in
Knew No Traditions.
They knew nothing of the traditions
of the sea. Several years ago they had
never seen salt water Which probably
partly explains the absence of depres
sion". They were not so much concerned
with the fact that the German navy had
been the first navy in history to do
liver itself almost intact to an enemy
in surrender, as they were concerned
that this was the final act necessary to
end the war.
Occasionally, of course, a sober face
told a different story.
It seemed such an incongruous pic
ture that of these youngsters scurry
ing down the stool ladders, snapping
shut the hatches and rushing to the
torpedo tubes to commit murder of the
worst kind. Standing there right at
your elbow they looked so harmless.
The officers, however, were of a dif
ferent stamp. There was one m partic
ular, a 20-year-old lieutenant, from
Hanover. He was a fine-looking chap,
light hair, clean features, friendly blue
eyes and an easy smile which served t
accentuate the perversion and bitterness
of his point of view.
- . .. . .
How incredible it sounaea wnen ns
replied with a smile, ''Certainly, sub
marine commanders willingly carried
out orders to sink passenger ships with
WOMEN AND CHILDREN AIM) ABU.
They were GLAD TO DO IT. That ir
It seemed so Incredible, from a fel
low like that, I asked him to repeat
He said tho same thing over again,
slowly with the same smile, and seem
ed to see nothing odd in it. He Tather
appeared 4 bit amused. that the question
There were very few officers, how
ever. Most of the captains and iicnten-
ant had preferred to let their subor
dinates do the surrendering. More than
one U-boat was surrendered by a petty
offieer ,or a junior grade lieutenant.
PLAN TO DISPOSE OF
Advocates Government Own
ership ,M Lease Of Roads
By Private Concerns.
By Raymond Clapper.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Jan 7. Government
ownership of railroads, the same to be
leased to private operation companies,
was advocated" today by Senator Cum
mins, Iowa, Republican. He will be
chairman of the Senate interstate com
merce commission after March 4. As
Cummins outlined his plan to the Unit
ed Press, it provides for:
1. Government ownership.
2. Leasing of roads under strict
terms to private concerns.
3. . Maintonamce of a dozen or so com
peting lines to operate with unified ter
minals. 4. Cabinot of floor for government
railroad administrator or possibly a
5. Issue of capital stock to cover
equipment by government at guaran
teed return of probably 4 per snt.
6. Operating capital to be supplied
by lease with largor return propor
tion .to efficiency of management.
To Combine Advantages.
"What we want is to combine the
advantages of government otmerskip
and private initiative," Cummins said.
"I think we can got this by lotting
the government own the railroads and
leasing them to operating companies tt
a guaranteed return."
Cummins explained that competing
systems must be organized through the
same territiry and he is opposed to re
gional grouping as suggested by Retir
ing Director General JttsAdoo.
Washington, Jan. 7. Creation of
secretary of railroads as a-member of
the cabinet with wide regulatory pow
ers will be urged by railroad execu
tives when they appear next week be
fore the senate " interstate commerce
committee, it was learned today.
Private ownership and operation or
the railroads undor appropriate govern-
mon regulations was urged by iiclgar
Slark of the interstate comincrce com
mission, testifying before tho sonato
railroad hearing today.
MAYOR OF SALEM
New Councilmen Assume Du
ties And business begins
Without Usual Oratory.
Oratory was at a discount last eve
ning when tlie old council stepu uu
and tho new stepped in. Mayor Wulter
Kcyes was not m a specially oratorical
mood and his farewell address to the
council of 1918 consisted of tho state
ment, "I wish to thank the members
for thoir consideration."
Glen E. Unruh, retiring alderman
from the fifth ward, arose and remark
ed, "Wo are handing the new council
aa awful lemon to squeeze. 1 nope
the now members will make the most of
it." After these few remarks, Mr.
Keyes called on Mr. Albiu to take tho
mayor 's chair. Frank Ward wag called
on to lncke a few approprute oium,
but Mr. Ward also- was not in an ora
torical mood. There was sort of an im
pression that that Mr. Ward had some
thing up his sleeve, but if ho nad, ne
kept it there.
Mavor C. E. Albin's address to tne
new council was type written and read
bv Becordcr Earl Hace. After rclcr
ring to the many pioblcniB that will
ennfrout the new administration, tho
mossago mentioned especially tho Span
ish influenza. -The mayor recommend
ed that tho council do its utmost to
stamp out the disea-so by adopting and
passing an ordinance regulating public
After passing over tne auiies oi me
police force and tho fire department,
the message suggested that all depart
ments should use the utmost economy
the coming, year. Tho mayor thought
the time was not opportune for the ex
penditure of gTeat sums of money for
a municipal ngnting piani. tvuhu m
believed a public dock would be of ben
efit, bo deemed the time had not come
when public money Should oe uscu ior
the building of a dock, Bivcr naviga
tion between Portland and Salem
should receive the attention of the
council. As for street improvement
liens, in his message the mayor favored
For alderman from the fifth ward,
to take the place of Merlin Harding,
a petition was presented with 80 names
axkinir the election of Joseph N. Smith.
But at the recent caucus C. M. Bobcrts
had been selected and no other name
was eonsmerea. Alter eiecuou, mr.
Roberts took his customary scat.
A petition was presented with 39 sig-
natures asking the appointment of El-
. . i 1 . , .1...: 1 .
(Continued on pags two)
R ep orts Say Tha t
War Has Broken
Out In City of Berlin
Spartacusians And Government Forces Are Armed And
Are Fighting With Machine Guns In Streets. Inde
pendent Socialists And Sparta cus Groups Have Join
ed And Issued Proclamation Declaring That "Today,
Final Fight For Revolution Will Be Fought"
Iiidon, Jn. 7. Civil war has brok
en out in Berlin between Spart&cus and
government forces, according to dis
patches received here today,
Munich, Jan. 6. (Delayed) Com
plete anarchy reigned in Berlin, ac
cording to telephone messages from the
capitol today. Thousands ot workers
are fighting in the streets. The rattle
of machine guns ean be heard ttirongn
out the city. Spartacusians have barri
caded themsolves in many of the pub
lic buildings and are reported to hold
all tho banks.
Late tolcphone messages said that
government forces were planning to
storm the central police station this
(Monday) afternoon. Carl Liebknecnt
was reported to be personally leading
the Bpartacusians. Hundreds of per
sons are fleeing the city.
Women In Fighting
Copenhagen. Jan. 7. Women sup
porters of both factions are participat
ing in the street fighting in Berlin ac
cording to a Berlin dispatch filed last
night and received by tne t "u"
FINAL RITES FOR COLONEL
ROOSEVELT ARE TOMORROW
Simplicity Is Characterizing
every Preparation For
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Jan. 7 A few sim
ple preparations were made today for
Colonel Boosevelt 's funeral with the
idesi of making it as plain and unemo
tional a ceremony as possible. Tho ser
vice will consist meroly of a prayer and
the Episcopal ritual "ashos to ashes,
and dust to dust" without hymns,
without a sermon. Thore was a hush
ovor the villaga todcy. Some places
woro closed and a few mourners arriv
ed. But for the most part there vs to
unusual stir tho town looked as it
would on Sunday. Boosevelt, the man
t,f action and strifo, in whose ears ap
dIb.usb of millions had dinned, lay in
state with a military guard of honor,
but like the most humble private citi
zen, in he sorrowful calm of his own
houso, with none but his own home
folks to look upon his face.
Sagamore Hill Desolate.
Siigamoro Hill looked rather desolate,
tho blinds were drawn in somo of the
windows and a bit of crepe flapped in
The casket was delivered at tho houso
ckbaj and the body placed in it. It is
sovorlv plain In. design of oak with
throe silvc handles on either side. Tho
inscription, on a silver pinto, is "Thoo
dore Boosevelt," Octobor 27, 1858. Jan
uary 6. 1919."
Definite tho rociuost that there bo no
flowers a number of sot pieces arrived
and wcro taken to the church. A small
flag was hoisted to half maBt in front
of Sngamore Hill this morning.
Leslie Disbrow, worshipful master of
tho local Masonic lodge, of which tho
ex-president was a member, said all his
plans for participation in the funoral
had been halted because oi me iuiuu
wishes and that no flowers would bo
sent. W. Emlcr Boosevelt, a rel&tivc,
indicated there was considerable anxi
ety as to the number of notables that
probably would come to tho services. It
is believed that many woll known men
will attend, despite tho private naturo
of the ceremony; so many in fact, that
there will be no room for them. Toward
noon today farmers who had known
Boostvclt personally began coming into
town in automobiles and wagons.
Leafless trees about tho houso and in
the estate surrounding added to the at
mosphere of sadness. An occasional au
tomobile drove slowly np to W fce
door, Its motor making a noise that
seemed rudely disturbing. Bcv. G. E.
Talmr.dee. who will eonduct the ser
vices, Indicated today that no chnngo
in arrangements had been made
Tho plan is to have s. brief prayer
at Sagamore Hill at 11:45 then employ
es of tho family will carry the casket
out and walk beside the hcarst which
bears It to Christ Church. This seats
but 500 persons. A congressional dele-
cation will be there. Admission is to
1. - ... 3 ..7. mnA (hdU ...111 Vfirfl
vo uj ratu v-.
being Issued only to relatives and closo
friends. After the short service the
casket, followed by members of the im-
mediate family, will be taken to Young
Memorial cemetery at Oyster Bay Cove
Thousands of workingmen are en
gaged in the conflict, which has as
sumed the proportions of civil war.
The fighting was preceded by coun
ter demonstrations, in whu'h a great
proportion of the population joined.
The rival elements have placards
with legends, "Down with the govern- .
ment" and "down with the Bparta
cus. " The Spartacusians then massed
in the Tiergarten and Zoological gar
den. Shots were fired and the fighting .
began. Tho spartacusians seized all
telegraph offices. Shops are said to .
be closed and business at a standstill. ,
Liebknecnt Directing Fighting
Liegknecht, Bosa Luxemberg and the
two Russian bolshoviki envoys, Adolph
Joffe ami Karl Badek, are reported to
be directing the spartacus rrom the
central police station.
ilndcpcjadent socialists have joined
tho Spartacusians in the civil war now
raging in JJerlin, according to dis
patches rocoived here today. The in
dependent socialists and spBitacusiinis
are reported to. have issued the fol
lowing joint proclamation: "Today the -final
fight for the revolution will b
whore tho former president will be laid
in a grave dug at a spot selected by
Episcopal Ritual Bead.
The Episcopal ritual designated for
tho cemetery will be read there. Al
though Mrs. Boosovclt wants as lit 1 1 o
publicity as possible, it was certain to
day that considerable number of mourn
ers would be on hand tomorrow to stand
uncovered outside tho little church dur
ing the service and to line the lea it
from tho church to tho ceniotery, pay
ing thoir last respects to the dead ex-
Aa atmosphere of gloom and mourn'
ing porvades this little town and op
presses the visitor the moment he steps
from tho train.
It is not a fast moving town, though
only an hour snd a half by railroad
from the city. It took quito a while
for the realization of its loss to spread
along tho quiet streets but now there
is only deep dejection and silenco of
They all knew tho colonel. They
speak of him in whispers, as though he
wero thoir brother, asleep in the next
The town is full of newspaper corres
pondents and photographers, tho inn is
crowded with them. Movie men aruv
ed early. They wander about the si
lent village streots disconsolate-loowng
anxiously for "action" when finally a
big flag was raised in front of tho post
ofico, all the movio men in despora
tion gathered there to film tho flapping
Tho little Episcopal church is a typ
ical frame structure such as you mty
see in many villages in the land. It
seats only 500.
It was noted that many of the sym
pathy notes camo from "just plain
folks" who never saw Boosevelt, but
felt that they had suffered to personal
loss. A number 'of cablet arrived from
soldiers in the American expeditionary
forces, telegrams came from Hpanisii
war veterans, rough riders and G. A. B.
No Troops fur Funeral.
Captain Archie Boosevelt tnis after
noon, through Colonol H. I. Stinmon at
Governor island, declined tho offer of
tho war department to send troops for
military funoral. Rfgurdless of contra
ry reports, it "jas insisted, at the houso
thr.t no chart t in fueurat plans would
Charlos E. Frazcr, an old friond, to
day made a death mask of Boosevelt,
plans 'or which wero discussed some
timo ago, it became known. Frazer has
also mndo minute measurements of the
colonels hands, fingers and head, for
use in designing statues and busts.
One of the mourning airplanes flying
above Oyster Bay this afternoon swoop
ed low over the roof of the Boosevelt
home and neatly deposited a wreath
there. -; '
"Miss Laura Lofton elosed a very
successful eight month 'g term of school
Friday In the Lofton district on the
west side of the valley," writes the
Baker Horald's Beech ercek correspond
ent, under date December 28. Most
schols have vacations in the heated
term. Beech ereek has vacation in the