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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1919)
. 5000 CIRCULATION
(25,000 HEADERS DAILY)
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE TAIr
- LET NEWS SEKYICE :
?TA' err- "ljfhW :
REVIEW OF POLICIES OF
M'ADOO SA YS THERE
ARE 3 ALTERNA TIVES
TO ROAD SITUATION
Relieves Many Of Changes Inaugurated In Railroad Op-
- eration During Last Year Should-Prove Of Perman
ent Value Whatever Form Of Control Is Decided On.
- -'Washington,, Jan, 3.-rBeturn of . the
railroads to Ube several hundred com
jmjiies which controlled them before
Uie-.-war as- -impossible if certain im
portant reforms are to be. preserved,
director general . MeAdoo declared in
statement to the 'senate interstate
Commerce committee today.
MeAdoo -declared there re three al-
. tornatives iu the railroad situatisai-
1 Return to several hundred om
panies controlling them "before the
war. .: . . : . . - ., :
.2 Government ownership and &
8 "Recount ruction of .the railroad
(nap ao as to. wipe .out the hundreds of
fli liferent, companies and substitute
tew, undor strict government centre),
to combine the advantages of unified
poratioss witjr initiative of private
MeAdoo presented a complete review
f the ipoliuies inaugurated iby the rail
toad administration. .
. Changes Would be Valuable..
"Maay of the changes, in the rail
cond operation inJugurated during the
. fri-riod of the last year should prove of
' Immanent, value sjid. Should centjnue
if 'ftossiblc, " whatever form, of control
tit'- decided upon for the .railroads,'
. Among these , reforms, MeAdoo in
cluded: V "
Maintenance of fhe permitTsystcm ao
m to control traffic 'at its source.
Maintenance of heavy loads for caw.
Pooling of repair shops.
Elimination of circuitous route, -
Unification of terminals.
Consolidation of ticket office..
Utilization of universal mileage tick
els. Standardization of equipment.
Maintenance of uniform freight
stassification introduced by the rail
Common time tables between import
High demuiiage rates and uniform
Establishment of through wayibilling
freight from point of origin to desti
nation. itenderiug unnecessary the re-billing
connecting or intermediate routes.
Elimination of the practieo of pay
ing on mileage or per diem rental for
flio use of freight or passenger cars of
one carrier by another.
Simplification of the old practice Of
apportioning inter line passenger rev
enue. Substitute Water Routes
Use of water routes for the release
cf crowded rail lines.
"Some of these reforms can be cen-
tlnued should the ruadg be returned to
frivate operation, others cannot," said
"Competition and self interest dic
tate that when the roads are under pri
vate control each earrier gets as amen
(risiness as possible and koepg it, re
gardless of the fact that the aggro
(jste result may be wasteful and un
"Private curriers," he continued,
"may not. enforce rules which eltho
aligned to bring about efficiency and
leouomy, mig'ht drive business away
im their lines. All the waste result
irz from these i; act ices end runnine
j. to high costs, is paid for by the pub
lic in the .form of increased ratoi."
Permanent Solution Needed
In presenting his views to the com
mittee, MeAdoo said:
"I have given you that statement
for transportation conditions, a year
go, of fhe transportation Achievements
sider federal control during a year of
year and of the present situation.
"What remains to be considered is
Tvhat permanent solution of the rail
road problems should be adopted and
svhat shall be the temporary form of
riilread control pending a permanent
pollution. . r
' )"In December, 1917, there were
6out 180 separate operating railroads
companies in the United States with
operating revenues of $1,000,000 or
more p?r year each Seventy fiiree of
(ties? companies had operating reven
ti'.'s of (l'),0i0,000 or more per year
"There were several hundred com
panies whose respective operating rev
enues were less than $1,000,000 per
Njt Committed to Any Pian.
"Broadly speaking, there arc three
p neral permtaenl solutions of the rail
x aJ question, the first is to send the
(Continued .on page four)
DENT WONT HANDLE
Consequently Peace Time Mil
itary Policy Won t Be Set
tled Until Next Session.
By L. C . Martin
United Tress Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Jan. 3. Secretary of
War Baker today advocated a tempor
ary yoluntoer army of -500,000 men to
facilitate the quick discharge of men
who have already seen service. A Mil
U authorize the organization, of this
army will soon be submitted to con
gress, Baker told the house military
boauulttae.. Z The mT hfl explained.
would,' be 'of temporary nature-and de
signed to hasten the demobilization r
the present forces,:-, - i: (. . ,
-Beprosentstive Dent, chairman of the
house military committee, has refused
to handle the war, department's reor
ganization billit became known today.
Dent's insurgency on this measure poe
tically makes it certain that the poaco
time military policy or tins nation will
not be decided by the present demo
Kabn WiU Be Chairman. .
Hcpreseutative Kahn, who will be-
conio chairman of the committeo when
tho republicans assume control of con
gress after March 4, will go to Europe
this spring to confer with Uenoral Per
shing and allies military leaders. Up
on data thua gathered, Kahn will build
an army re-organization bill.
Kahn and his republican colleagues
already have the general staff's plan
slatod for the waste basket.
The situation is believed lareoiv re
sponsible1 for delay in presenting tho
bill to congress. The war college has
been working on the measure for some
time. General March, chief of staff,
told membors of the senate military af
fairs committeo, they said today, that
the bill would be presented in December
March outlined certain features of the
pre-organization to these senators in
confidence. But December went bv and
the bill was not presentod. Wheir it
was withheld because of President Wil
son's absence, because of the congres
sional situation or because of both, is
not clearly established.
Told Baker About It.
Dent, however, told Baker in so many
words, ho said today, that he will not
handle the bill.
I have told Secretary of War Baker
that I will not handlo an army reorgan
ization bill at this session of congress"
Dent said. "It would be silly to try
to put such a measure through in the
50 working days reinaiuiug at this ses
sion ot congress."
Kahn's statement was an indication
of tho dissatisfaction many committee
members feel with tho attituuc of the
"Before I enter into the considera
tion of an nrmv bill, I want to hear
from General Pershing and General Lig
gctt and others who have seen actual
fighting on the other side," Kahn said
"Obviously we cannot get them here
for this session of congress."
To Europe After This Session.
"Furthermore, I am going to Europe
immediately after this secsion of con
gress to find out what I can of the
English, French and Belgian army plans
and talk to any of our officers who may i
stil be on the other side at that time.
"An nrniy re organization bill cannot j
pass this session of congress, but an
army appropriation bill will have to be
As members of the house and senate
military committees view it, fixing of
a peace policy involves, among others,
deci.ioD concerning the following:
Kuture of the national guard.
Hizo of the standing army, both wo
bi!e rnd reserve.
Disposition cf army cantonments.
I Upon all there questions there is a
wide variance of opinion.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 3,
SOME REASONS M
HUNS WERE CALLED
BRUTES BY BRITISH
Grewsome Deeds Of Germans
Told Of By Repatriated
. , , , -";
London, Doc. 17. (By Mail.) The
term "brutes" appears often iu Eng
list newspaper stories of interviewed
repatriated prisoners. . .,
This is why:
"I was working in a hospital new
Soisons," said a young non-commission
ed officer waiting n the station piat
form. "A British prisonor who Was
suffering from dysentery was partially
"I saw the Germans put him in a
coffin. They pushed me away as thoy
began to nad down the lid on Ao man
who was not dead. Later t'hor inform
ed me they had nailed down tho coffu
lid with 4-inch nails before putting it
in the grave. The prisoner was buriod
"I saw a British officer, lielploss be
cause he was an unarmed prisonor, bo
ing bullied by a German private. Tht
private demanded the officer's boots.
When .the officer refused to givo them
up tho private wsunded - the officer
with a bayonet thrust. Then the pri
vate removed the officer's boots and
tarried thorn away." .
This One Was "Humane."
An officer More humane than most
Gormen commandants was in charge of
a camp where at Irish soldier foil ex
hausted. German guards prodded him
with their bayonets, wounding him rci
ly, but he lacked the strength to rise.
Fearing they should be punished, tht
guards put the unconscious man iu, . i
track and lot a toe (motive pass ovei
him, A court martial decided the pris
oner came to lug death through acci
dent. One returned prisoner raid he came
from a camp in which only 47 prison
ers were loft alive. Originally the
camp's population was 1500.
President Of Czechoslovaks
Says Wilson And Allied Heads
Agree to Bavarian Supremacy
Vienna, Jan. 3. President Wilson
Premier Lloyd-George and Promior
Clemenceau have sgreed on "creation
of a new Gorman confederation under
Bavaria's direction, " according to an
announcement made by President Mar
aryk of tho Czecho slovaks, r. Prague
dispatch reported today.
Marsaryk was said to have stated
that this scheme included destruction
of Prussian supremacy, separating the
provinces of l'oscn, Silesia and the
Rhina, destruction of Hungarian su
premacy by separation of all lands in
which the Hungarian tongue is not
spoken and establishment of a Danube
Czechoslovak confederation, including
Matsonia With Units Of :
143rd And 144th Arrives
New York, Jan. 3. The transpoit
Matsonia arrived here todi.y from
France with units of tho Hold und
144th field artillery.
Units of the 143rd were the head
quarters supply company; batteries JJ,
D, E and V. Ordnance and medical de
tachments. Those nion were formerly
California national guards, with a few
from Camp l-ewis and Fort Dpuglas
They totaled 3207 men and officers.
There are 1440 men and 58 officors
of the 144th field artillery aboard.
Thirty ni no bedridden wounded and
six casual companies also arrived.
Street Car Service Back
Akost To Normal In Denver
Denver, Jan. 3. While street car
service was practically normal carly
today, further trouble was regarded k
certain to develop from the resolve
by workingmen in "five cents or
nothing" clubs not to pay the new
seven cent fare and one cent for trans
fers. Ten thousand demonstrators halt
ed all service last night by cutting
trolley rope and commandeering cars.
Trouble opened today when workers
took charee of one ear and drove it by
a roundabout route to their place of
Announcement is made of the -resignation
of Colonel W. E. McClnre as
eommander of the Third infantry regi
ment, Washington natnonal guard.
P eszssii Is PractkaSy Une-
TeltpsaBst Offers Ore:!
flan Diego, Jaa. 3, Bich in u torsi
resources and. awaiting only Assarieas
eapital and industry to make it of
the most ' valuable . agrieultoral and
mining communities in thn wast, Lower
California, for years has bea regarded
with covetous eyas by westerasapital-
ista . .. .
The senate resolution, introduced
yesterday, by Senator, Ashnrst of AtL
one, calling. upon President' Wilson to
open negotiations with Msxice for the
purchase of Lower California created
iatease interest here today.
Legal authoritielpaia that, while the
Mexican constitution forbids the sale
of Mexican, territory, the constitution
could be suspended to permit the sale
of Lower- Calif omia ' if the Mexican
government wished to, sell. -
Lower California itt today practically
undeveloped. It's varied resources li
in a dormant state. Only two or three
little towns are found on the peninsula
ana me population is meager. :
I's purchase ' by. the United States
would mean big things commercially for
California : and. the ' southern border
states, a rieh territory would be open
ed p t&at is now practically Inacces
sible. In addition the United States
would have possession f a strategic
s'retcn of lana tbat may prove a eoureo
of serious trouble in case of differences
with southern or. western neighbors.
tapirter.t Conferences With
Itahan Statesmen Sched
uled For Today.
, By Robert J. Bender
(United" Press Staff Correspondent.)
Rome, Jan. 3. Pursuing his policy of
making the public a party to the pre
liminary peaee '"discussion, President
Wilson will talk directly to the people
of Italy, as he talked to those of
France and England
For this purpose, it was unders'ood
today he will visit the great industrial
ccntors of Milan and Turin, leaving
for those cities tomorrow night.
The presidont 's first important speech
in Italy, however, will be delivered At
a state dinner tonight. He is confi
dent of clearing up any misunderstand
ing that may linger in the minds of
Italian people and statesmen regarding
his peaco program.
Following the formal reception in
the Quirinal tho president called up
Queen Mother Margharita, widow of
tho Into King Humbert. Later ho went
'o the municipal palace on the summit
of the historic Capitoline Hill, where
ho was made a citizen of Rome.
Important conferences were sched
uled with Italian statesmen for this
afternoon and tomorrow. He will have
an audience with Popo Benedict tomorrow.
WOUNDED BEING RESCUED
FROM NORTHERN PACIFIC
All But 300 Had BeenR
moved At 3:00 PJI-BIiz-ard
Fire Island, N. V., Jan. 3. Sparred
by the menace of nn approaching bliz
zard, rescue iquada worked at top
speed this afternoon to get all troops
iff the stranded Northern Pacific be
fore the storm strikes.
It was estimated at 3.30 p, m. that
2000 had been taken from the liner.
One hundred helpless men on stretchers
were among those still on board at
Wome of the more saverly woended
were taken off by block and tackle
and plaiced in life boats, four to each
At 1:43 p. m. the transport signalled
that 1600 bad been removed and that
900 remained on board. Many of tho
mcst serious eas,-s wero taken to the
hospital ship Solace. Two detroycrs
loaded with rescued troops started for
iioboken. Others were taken to the flo
tilla of thirty relief ships anchored in
a great half moon around the wreck.
lowered Over Bld.cg
Helpless s. Idiers in stretchers were
lowered over the slippery sides of the i
wrecked steamer. Thy were taken
aboard launches from the cruisers Dec
FEW ORGANIZATION .
CF 4IST GiflSIOIl
Forty First Division Consists
HMy Of Troops rroa
: Washington, -Jan. 8. The war so
Tertment announced todav that the fol
lowing organization of the 41st divis
ion aavc been assigned to early cua
. One hnndred and fciity first; 163d;
Mttth infantry regiment and 162d in
fantry regiment except second battal
ion. 116th n'nunitien train, 116th sup
ply train, 14tHh, 147th and 14Sth ma
chine gas; battalions;- (1st- infantry
brigade headquarters, 82d infancy bri
gade headquarters, lldtk sanitary train
In edition these onita were assign
301st.. motor .tank train; : 142d aero
squadron, 101st, 104th, 804ta and 306th
trench mortar batteries.
The 4t division consists mainly of
troops from the northwest.
BERGER DflD BEIHC
Admitted Being Supported Of
Fhuip Schasepiann, Ger
Chicago, Jan. 3. 'Proof ,1s lacking
that Germany ever attacked America
with sub-marines, Vietor Berger told a
federal jury here today.
Testifying in hie own defesso in the
trial of five socialist leaders here on
espionage act charges, Berger disputed
theidoa that Arnerien'was forced into
war by foreign nggreesion " ' '-.
' Government attorneys in-- cross ex
amination endeavored to bring to light
Bergor's views on war.. Continual
wrangling between Attorneys was the
As a supporter of Philip Scheido
mann, German socialist, federal attor
neys said, Berger had aligned himself
with the kaiser's war aims. This Ber
ger hotly denied. Later he said he
know Mcheidemann to be in favor of
wiping out Serbia and Germanizing the
Berger yesterday during cross exam
ination, declared he did not believe the
sinking of the Lusitania was a cause
for war. He asserted however, it was
a "beastly thing to do."
Berger asserted he was against a
war with Mexico, eltho he admitted
''Villfi (ihouldn 't J'havo Snvnd our
territory." Ho admitted having writ
ten editorials urging action against
the Mexican handit.
Hoover To Direct Food
Relief Measures Abroad
Paris, Jan, 8. Herbert Hoovor lins
been designated director general of
food relief measures, in restored, neu
tral and enemy territories it was of
ficially announced today.
Lawrence Spencer, a truck driver,
wc struck by a passenger train at La
Grande Tuesday and bndly injured.
Moines and Columbia, and transferred
to relief veceels rolling in the heavy
swell as near to tho Northern Pacific
as they dared approach.
Submarine patrol boat mnnbei 93
took the first load of troops who were
able to help themselves over to the
transport H. R. Mnllory.
The patrol craft dashed alongside the
Northern Pacific in full view ot
crowds of spectators ashore and clung
there, bobbing like a cork whilo 150
khaki clad men slipped down a rope
ladder to her decks.
Nearly 2500 men were still on the
big transport. It was pounded 16 foct
deep into ennd by the surf, had a
slight list, but was undamaged. There
was a sleety rain and a eold wind from
As tho ship had held together for
53 hours under incessant hammering by
a turbulent sea, naval officers felt
confident she would stand the terrific
strain until all hands were safe.
Look Over Situation.
Captain Yates Stirling, chief of.staff
to Admiral Usher; Captain Bayless in
charge of naval signal service on this
coast -and Lieutenant M 8. Bcntham,
U. H. N., arrived late toduy to look
over the situation.
Captain Stirling declared the North-
(Continued on page five)
PRICE TWO CENTS
Rome Resplendent In
Flags and Flowers to
King Of Italy And W' on Inspected Troops Drawn Up At
Platform Of SU .--Crowds In Streets And Build
ings Kept Up Cf nt Cheering As Procession In
Royal Carriages Its Way Through Throngj
AT 1?SWICH, ITGUQ
Captain Lang, Pilot, and Lies-
tenant Blowers, Observer,
Were In Plane.
'. jpewica, tagiana, Jan. B A new
world airplane altitudo record of 30,600
feet has been' established here today
by Captain Lang, pilot, tnd Lieutenant
Blowers, observer. Their motor stopped
at that height, - due to exhaustion ot
their petrol supply, but they landed
safely, . . ,.....,
- Both Lang and Blowers are in the
hospital with frozen hands and feet.
The latter fainted at 20,000 feet when
the pipe through which he was breath
ing oxygen from a spirally designed
apparatus became disconnected. He did
not recover consciousness until the land
ing was made. The flight waa made in
British built plane.
ins previous attitude record was
28,900 feet, established by Captain
Schroeder at Dayton, Ohio, Sept. 12.
1918. He also carried n special oxygen
apparatus. He landed about 200 hund
red miles from his starting point Ips
wich is in Suffolk county about 60
miles from London.
TO CALIFORNIA FROM
Crowds Gathered To Welcome
s As Trains Arrived
Oakland, Cal., Jan. 3,Two trains
bearing 583 officors and mon of the
M.ldi no(d artillery, California men,
and one company of casuals, arrived
here at 10 a. m. today.
On the trains wero batteries A of
Los Angoloe and B of Oakland, head
quarters company, sanitary department
and part of tho supply company, all
of the 143d who have been overseas,
and a casual company of western men
being returnod from Oamp Merritt, all
Calif ornians. Those will be demobiliz
ed. The casuals- havo not been over
seas. Colonel Ralph J. Faneuf, formerly
superintendent of mails in Oakland, is
Crowds Gathered Rapidly
A bie crowd ttatherod very rapidly
when the trains drew in. The men were
to be guests of Oakland for threo hours
and wero to parade through the city
streets. At 1 o'clock they will go to
the forry. It has not yet boen decid
ed whether they will parade in Ban
Francisco or will go direct to the Pre
sidio. Ever sinco daylight the population
of every town and hamlet thru which
the trains passed, have turned out en
masse to gl-oct the homecoming heroes.
Hags were waved and banners bearing
the words "Wclcomo home" have
been every whero in evidence.
Trains crossed tho Nevada Caltror
nia line at 4 o'clock yesterday. As the
men crossed into California soil, pan
demonium broko loose in the cars.
There .was cheering and handclapping
and a general jubilation.
At raernmcnto about a score of
friends of the men wero waiting at
the station, where thoy had been since
2 a. m. At 4:15 the first train reached
.Sacramento. The early risers on the
trains were just piling out of the
berths. Nearly every window was shov
ed up and tousled neads looked out to
bid a gay "Good morning."
The officers car wa the seeno of
hilarity long before Btocktou was
reached. Pillow fights ana wrestling
matches, laughter and banter had ev
ery one up by 5 o'clock, although
breakfast was not served until seven.
Colonel Faneuf had been up practical
ly all night. He was the first man off
tho train at Sacramento.
Tho cclonel greeted tho United Tress
correspondent and invited him on the
train. Ho was fhs only newspaper man
to make the trip. j
Wasn't War Enough for All. j
"Thcro wasn't enough war to g"
(Continued on page two)
ON TRAINS AND NEWB
STANDS fTVE CENTS
- By Henry Wood
United Press Staff Correspondent.)
tome, Jn. 3. President Wilson's
ial train arrived at the station here
anctually at 10:80 this morning.
A tremendous cheer went up as the
train stopped in front of tue royal
waiting room, which had been trans-,
formed into a gay ly decorated parlor,
carpeted with rich tapestries and m
plete with rnre fiowers. '
The president alighted on the rug cov
ored piutiorm and was heartily greeted
by King Victor Emmanuel, jueen 1
ent and the Dashes d'Aosta.
Mrs. Wilson was cordiady received
by the royal couple and their retinae.
Contingents of war yetcrvns salutod
and an American military baud played
the Star Spangled Banner as officer)
stood at attention and civilians bcrgd
their heads, t' , I', , . ; . .,
The reception was a magnified fefe
of the greeting that had been given; tha
presidential party along tue rou mib
Paris to Rome,' As tho train, decorated
with the stars and stripes, passed thin
each village the inhabitants, waiting
beside the tracks, gave the president as,
ovation. These receptions had been
growing in fervor sinee dt.y break,:
When the presentations had beoa
made at the station, the president and
the king, chatting merrily, walked to
the edge of the platform and inspected
the troops lined up there. They wero
accompanied by the prince Udine, Am
erican ambassador Page and Italian am
bassador Cellera, ' ." '
The American embassy staff, the Brit
ish and Japanese Ambassadors and Am
erican military officers stood groupod
uround the threshold of the ' waiting
room under decorations of American
flags which, also covered every smoko
btackencd pniar in the station, -
After inspection of the gtiard of hon
or, the president and his party spent
ten minutes shaking hands - with ttiis
second croup of officers, Then ther
ontercd the royal carriages. '
As the carriages rolled out of the sta
tion, the president was given a rous
ing greeting by the British and Amer
ican officers, American Red Cross and
Y. M. C. A. workers and representa
tives of every American military mis
sion in Rome who were grouped about
At the same time ,tho commcudcr
of Rome garrison gave a sharp order
which hundreds of officers ropcatcil
and more than 5000 soldiers presented
arms while one of the largest crowds
Homo has ever seen massed behind tho
troops, gave the president the city
popular Welcome. .
- Mass or waving nags.
The lnrco square appeared to bo a
solid mass of waving flags. Crowds
thronged the streets and adorned the
windows of every building, especially
the windows of tho Hotel Continental
and tha Princo Massimo's college.
Tho president, deeply touched by the
demonstration, remained with hat in
hand for several minutes.
In the first carriage were the king
aides and Rear Admiral Grayson. ; in
tho second wero the king and the presi
dent whilo tho third Contained tho
nueen, Mrs. Wilson and the Duchess
d'Oostn. The latter two vehicles wero
surrounded by the king's bodyguard of
mounted cuira-ssiers. A number of oth
er carriages end automobiles followed,
bearing members of the suites and acb-
The procession mode its way slowly
'Continued on page three)
Who rememjera when a feller start
ed out t' be a tramp as soon as ha
learned a trade! Th' first thing most
felb'rs do when they go t' a party is t
park their wives-