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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1919)
(85,000 BEADEB8 DAILY)
He ( Only Circulation in Salem Guar-
anteed by tha Audit Bursas of
He Owpi: tiM and -Wed-.
, aasday, ftiii; mSm d cold;
FULL LEASED WIRE 1
if SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL- .
c LEV NEWS SEKVICB
I l I ss Trmnw oiy aawxjy. .
FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO. 309.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 2, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON tSAINS AND NEW
8TAND8 FIVE CRNTS
HIIL riHIlUIIINU IUKVHUU ULIILI
is now me ill 5
DET40B1UZED "BOOPS TO STEM
TIDE OF irtVADINiTilORDE Or tVN
Report Says That Polish Force Consists Of Infantry,
: Cavalry And Artillery, All Well Armed. Alleged To
Have Entered Posen And Frankfort-On-The-Oder,
Also Important Railway Station At Ban then.
Geneva, Jan. & A 'Polish army of 30,
. 800 to 40,00 men triklngi toward Bar
' lin haa captured Frauktort-on-iho-vwler,
- only 50 miles from the Gorman capital
'the Polish agency in Iausanne was no
tified by . telegraph, from Posen today.
: 'he Germans, the report said, are ha
tily re-arming their demobilized troops
ia an effort to stem the invasion.
The Polish force consists of infan
" try,- cavalry and artillery, all well arm
ed, the report said. Cavalry, moving
rapidly ahead of the main body, was
reported to 'have entered Posen and
I'Vaukifort-on-the-Qder. The important
railway stations at iBauthen, Guessen
end Bromborg it was said, were occu
lted with but slight resistance.
Baron von Zu Belditz, a friend of
the former crown prince, was reported
to have gene to Germany to ask the
government's permission for Frederick
, Wilhelm tfl return to that country. The'
"Jiaroh, it is understood, will ask; the
German authorities to assign the for
mer crown prince to a residence where
Secret Of Mystery Paper
Of Belguim Is Revealed
Germans Arrested Every Possible Editor Of Patriotic
... Paper Except Victor Jourdain, Who Was Real Editor.
He Used Printing Shops In Towns That Hun Troops
For Time Being Were Not Occupying. ,
Brussels, Dec. M (By Mail) With
tfiQ coming of ' liberty to Belgium, La
J.ihre Belgiquo has departed, and The
I'r.lriot. has reappeared. It is now
iossiblo to tell that the most remark
tilde of .war-time newspapers, La Libre
Itolgique, which successfully . defied
German efforts to suppress it for 1
years, was The Patriot, a long-established
Catholic . weekly, . in disguise.
Victor Jourduiu, aged editor of The
fat riot, likewise edited the will-o-the-wjsp
sheet which kept German offi
cials in a constant state of irritation
iluring their occupation of his country
nd helped to keep the spirit of the;
l.olgian people steadfast. !
He died a few weeks ago, just too;
soon to see his city of Brussels liber-1
The Patriot was suppressed by Ger-;
nan- order at the outset of the war.'
A few weeks later copies of a new
jvuper began to fall into the hands of
(lie German officials and army offi
cers. It did not prove popular with
tlie latter. Gen. von Bissing, military
f-overnor of fered ' 25,000 f nines reward
for the name of the editor and promis
ed one year's imprisonment to any!
ISelgian found reading it. There were
nrrests in great number of persons sus
pected of the editorship but no con
victions. It seemed that almost every
body -i who -could possibly have been
guilty was arrested at one time oi
uno'her everybody except Jourd.iin.
One man was held by the German to
Itave been proved sufficiently guilty to
warrant a one-year sentence, but Bel
gians in the seeret say he was inno
cent. Germans Kept Busy.
The baffled German police were kept
iusy running down false clues. Given
the tip that toe printing plant would
lie found at surh-andirach s street; they
would rush thither, only to find a va-i
cant lot or an empty house. Told that!
ri man of a certain name was the ac-j
. tual editor , they would comb Brussels'
for him, learning eventually be was not I
n the city and never had been.
While the police hunted, Victor Jour-
dain prepared copy. Ho pointed out in-1
entional errors in the German official j
communique, be gave the Belgian pe.
i-l? the latest new of the Belgian armyj
tnd the Allied armies, he ridiculed and!
I impooned the German officials,- and!
f-nerally kept alive the people's faith
in a better dsy to come. '
he can live jwith his wife and children
-under a guard if necessary.
Frederick Wilhelm, it wag further
reported, is willing to do any work
the government thinks him fitted for.
. "I was unexpectedly called to the
cabinet and am in n0 position to out
line mr whole program," Noske told
the United Press today. "But my first
action will be to suppress Polish vio
lence," CAPTURED SIX CITIES
By John Graudez
(United Press stafi correspondent)
Berlin, Jan. 1. (The Polish army advancing-
along' the railways toward
Berlin has captured six German cities,
according to information received here
today. ' ". : . - ...
The-Politflr mobilisation and advance
has alarmed the German government.
Counter measures are expected to be
undertaken : immediately. ,..'
Obscure Shops Used
A few times obscure printing shops
in this city set up and printed tno
little 4-page paper. For the most part,
however, the work was done in shops
olscwhero. Jourdain would appear by
night at the home of some small town
or city printer, always selecting one
for the moment free of German troops.
Next morning he would depart in his
automobile with the entire issue con
cealed in the car. Distribution would
begin as far as possible from the place
where the printing was done.
In spite of the difficulties of publica
tion La Libre Belgique nearly always
was neat and attractive typographical
ly. Sometimes when the services of u
complete printing plant were obtain
able, the first page would be bordered
in the national colors, red, yellow and
black. Editions, of course, were not
regular regularly irregular was the
paper's own statement of its publica
tion dates, but Jourdain managed us
ually to issue one eaft month
Part compensation for his trouble
was found by the editor in such an
nouncements as uiese:
"Not submitted to any censor."
''Telegraph address, Commandatur,
'Offices: Not being able to establish
these In a fixed place, they arc install
ed in an automobile cellar."
''Advertisements: Business being nil
under the German domination, we have
suppressed the page of advertising, and
advise our readers to keep their money
for brighter days."
"Price per conv: Elastic, from zero
to the infinite. Please do not exceed
A typical article from La Libre Bel
gique,' printed on the 3d anniversary of
the war, follows:
'August 4, 1914, Daine Germany
started off to war. The plan is simple:
Belgium does not eount. Paris tnken in
a weeks. Russia crushed before winter
England remaining alone, too small a
thing not to understand iha' nothing
is left but to negotiate.
''WE made the house of cards crum
ble! WEI After they decided to takr
Calais, pass into England, etc., therr
was the Yserl f'till US!
London Suffered Little.
''Zeppelins were to destroy London.
I.omlon suffered rittle, the twmfntion
of the Zejipelins suffered much. Mean
time they tried to finish Bussia, by mil
itary means first; the coup failed; by
diplomatic mean then; the Buasiaa
peoplo put a atop to that They plotted
in the Balkans, they bled themselves
while at Yerdua. All was useless. And
all this time the people of Germany
were suffering .enormously. The new
chancellor began to realize it. Then
they made their last throw: the sub
marines! And even ia Germany itself
mey nave oarea to announce publicly
that this weapon ia ineffective- .
Them it is tho end! Yea, it certainly
it the end
"Since the coming of America into
the arena, the account of tho Central
Powers has been definitely settled. Ia a
Httlo while they will have to bog for
mercy.- No doubt another winter will
moah groat hardship to us.- But seeing
tho importance of our goal we wish,
we Belgians, to suffer etui, if neces
sary 4n order that- Right and Justice
shall triumph more completely, 1 more
"What tho Allies know: That we do
not ask that consideration of our suf
ferings should haste the end of the war
one singlo day I"
TO 8E HELD TONIGHT
City Police Matron And Other
Interesting Things To Be
Tho new citT council for next year
will hold its, first official meeting this
evening to aol tae -customary -caucus
to decide as to Who shall hold various
city off iocs thaft sre not voted oa by
tho people. .
For the first time in many years, ac
cording to the generally accepted opin
ion, tho new city council is now in the
gamo of politics. Neither the incoming
mayor, JS. Albw, nor any of tho new
aldermen have ever played tho game
nor aro they supposed to have E-ny po
litical aspirations. To use a well known
expression, "politics is adjousaeO"
while the new council holds down the
However, notwithstanding the fact
that the new mayor and new sOdermen
zre beginners as far as politics is con
cerned and it is thought thero will be
nono, in order that cortain city offi
cials may be quickly elected, tho cau
cus will bo held this evening and every
thing docided except the formal voting
of tlio first meeting of the city council
next Monday evening.
According to qencral information and
the opinion of the wise political boys,
tliero is some doubt as to who will be
named city attorney. The present in
cumbentBert W .Mucy, is a candidate
f ir re-election and also Elmo 8. White.
It is also said that John Carson is in
a rcccptivo mood and has been spoken
of most favors 'ily. Anyhow; I'.ie best
guessers on political matters are up in
As for pol.,'0 matron, thee appears
to be a feo'ing that tho public has
caught up on the emphatic competition
between Mrs. M try Shank and Airs. Le-
1 ill Lynch. The various women's clubs
have' recently taken an interest in the
police matrot. proposition and it is pos
sible that the wishes of the women will
have som influence with the aldermen.
One of the candidates already has the
endorsement of some club of" women.
There is also a chanco for the naming
of a dark horse if this political term
may be appliod to the selection oi
city police matron. From the expres
sion of various aldermen in past coun
cils since the time Dr. B. L. Htcevcs
was mayor, tho city matron muddle has
been the cause of considerable grief.
It is probable that C. B. Roberts will
be elected as alderman from the sixth
ward. Merlin Harding was elected si
dermnn laf.t fall but has since moved
out of th" ward. It is now up to the
council to elect and as Mr. Boberts has
been on the ouncil for the post two
y.'iirs. bis election by his fellow coun
cilmcn is assured.
According to the political wise men,
Dr. Bry Pemberton will be clected'city
physician. It is understood that lr. O
B Miles was not a candidates although
he has held the office for a number of
The work of Walt 8. Low as street
commissioner has met with the approv
al of tho 1918 council end the forecast
ia mado that ho will bo elected without
much opposition. City Engineer Skcl
ton will also succeed himself
As to who will be elected to assist
Chief of Police Varney in maintaining
order for tho community, the wise ones
have not even a guess or at least are
not making their inside information
Dr.- Hs-rry 8. Tanner, noted for his
long periods of fasting, is dead at Ban
Diego, aged 91.
WORLD WAR COST AS
KUCH AS TOTAL VEALTH
OF AMERICAN HATIOH
Ttttl Expnditcres Up To No
Tessher 11, Aggregated AI
isost 25ft BOHai.
Washington, Jan. 1. The world war
cost an amount almost equal to the en
tire wealth of the America nation, figures-
available today -revealed - that
when the armistice was signed Novem
ber 11, war expenditures aggregated ap
proximately -t 249,780,000,000, The
wealth of the United States is esti
mated at 1255,000,000,000. Interest o I
this debt based oa ' the latest reports
from European countries, will total near
ly ? jo,ooo,ooo .a year.
America's share of the cost when ac
tnnl fighting eeused was $21,000,000,
000, but treasury officials said toda)
thai figure reached $24,680,000,000
when the new; year began. ;
Germany .spent (47,500,000,000 direct
ly on her military program reports from
German publicists show. Of this sum
he borrowed mere than $38,000,000(000
in loag term loans. ' ' ,
The expenditure of Austria-Hungary,
Turkey and Bulgaria have never been
scpasatud but -treasury statisticians
place their war cost at $33,000,000,000.
- While the figures given represent the
direct coat of the world war, official t
explain that no computation m be
made, of course,, of the economic los
o 'he nations involved.
Balshevik Forces Capture
Capital Of White Guards
"London, Jan. ' B, Bolshevik
. forces captured Ufa, capital of
the wUto guards, Tuesday, a
wireless dispatch from Moscow
reported today. They also cap
' tured Stilitan. " . i' . -
4c ,The Lithuanian government,
because oi the Bolshevik succes-.
es in western i&ussiav has been
remcved from Vtlna to Kovno.
- ITfa is an important. oity 200
miles north of Orenburg and .750
miles east of Moscow,. , . : .
Oath Of Office Administered
Before Legislature By Sen
Boston, Jan. 2. Calvin Coulidge of
Northampton lieutenant governor un
der Gov. MiCall, was inaugurated gov
ernor of Massachusetts today in the
cressnco of both branches of the legis
lature. Tho oath of office was admin
istered 'by Sen. Edwin T. McKnight.
Coolidge, republican, succeeds Sam
uel W. McCell of Winchoster, who was
governor since 1910. McCall is retir
ing after 30 year of public life.
Chamung H. Cox of Boston succeeds
Coolidge as lieutenant governor.
The new governor is a lawyer. Ho
was born in Plymouth, Vermont, in
July, 1872, and is a graduate from Am
herst college. He s.Tved successviely
a a city councillor, city solicitor, may
or of Northampton, and in both branch'
es of the state legislature.
Our idee o a
that git shaved
spendthrift is a feller
fer a S-eent the-ater. i
Mrs. Qabe Craw
has two daughters
one married ac' one still painted,
Former Crown Prince
Makes Attempt To Escape
' Wierengen, Hoi., Jan. 2.
Friederich Wilhelm Hohennol-
lern made an unsuccessful at-
tempt to escape from his exile ' 4
here, it was reported today. No
details could bis obtained. -
STAT! HEALTH BOARD
m m mm
Issues Leaflet Telling Of Need
For Better Protection Of
''The responsibility for the lives al
ready sacrificed and the numbor that
wll be sacrificed during the next few
months because of insufficient health
protection cannot be placed upon the
board of health," says a leaflet which
will soon' be issued by the state board
of health in support of its request for
an appropriation of . $93,225 for the
'The responsibility rather lies with
the legislature since it makes the ap
propriation and possibly in a mcas
ure with you, too. since you help elect
the legislators. If the appropriation is
insufficient the protection will be in
sufficient. Protection eosts money; it
is not secured by waving a wand nor
in uttering incantations. On the con
trary it takes a lot of well directed
continuous hard work and work has
to be paid for with real money.",
The board is asking for an appropria
tion much larger than it was given by
the last legislature and is proparing to
conduct an , -organised campaign to
arouse sentiment throughout tho siatc
in support of its request. I he last ap
propriation was for $25,000, as against
the $95,900 now being sought.
Plans for the . expenditure of tho
$95,000, if.it is obtained, are outlined
by the board in the pamphlet now being
printed. The work of the board will
be segregated . into five divisions,
- Executive office, headed by the state
health .officer at ..a; .salary of .$2400 a
year, total fT.loo annuany. ... .
Bureau of vital statistics, headed by
an assistant registrar at a salary of
$1800 a year, total $3000 annually
: Bureau of oreventable diseases, head
ed by an epidemiologist at a salary of
$2400 a year and including five dis
trict health officers at $2000 a year
each, total $19,000 annually.
Bureau of hygiene and sanitation,
headed by a sanitary engineer at. a
salary of $2400 a year, total $83,00
Bureau of laboratory work, headed
by a bacteriologist at a salary of $2000
a year, total 4ou annuany.
General expenses applicable to all
bureaus, $4,700 annually.
Permanent apparatus, $725.
fflS 1ST ROUND
House Adopted Rule Concern
ing Revision Of Postal
! Washington, Jan. 2. Chairman Kit
chin, of the house ways and niennr.
eommittc today won tho first round in
his fight to prevent revision of tje
postal 7.ono law when the house adopt
led a rule to send the new revenue bill
to conference without a separate voto
'on the senate zone amendment.
' Supporters of the senate amendmont
were so evidently outnumbered that
they did not demand a record vote,
deciding to wait until tho conference
! report is returned to fnc house before
making any organized fignt
Late Reports Show That
Rescue Work of Northern
Pacific Less Hazardous
Fire Island, Jan. 2 With . a s"a
calmer making rescue work less haz
ardous, six hundred wounded landed
inoq jC,i;Oij jo subdiu Ki jCb;bs
Sonic ot the troops aboard the trans
port transferred to relief vessels stand
ing by. But they will not attempt to
land bed ridden soldiers unless forced
to by sudden change of conditions.
Twelve soldiers, five coas'guard,
were thrown into the water when life
boat capsized as the result of a heavy
soa. Soldier guard cn shore swam to
their rescue, dragging all of them to
safety. Some were half drowned, and
others wore in a semiconscious condi
tion, but all were resusieitutcd.
Government destroyers arrived late
this afternoon and immediately spread
oil around tho transport so the rescue
heavy sea. The trolley boat may con
tinue operations all night if roughness
of the sea prevents transferring of the
men to relief ships.
Position Of Hospital Transport Northern Pacific Much
Improved Since YesterdayBoat Lay Close To
, Beach, In Shallow Water, This Morning At Low Tide.
Naval Wireless In Constant Touch With Ship.
. Capt. Connelly Says Relatives Of Boys Needn't Fear.
Naw Tork, aJn. 2. Wounded soldien.
were being transferred this afternoon
from the hospital ship Northern Pacific
ashore on Fire Island ,to the transport
iialiory. . The sea subsided suffiomutly
to permit the starting o f this operation,
according to a wireless message receiv
ed at the port of embarkation, Habo
ken, N. J.
The Mallory was scheduled to dock
in Hoboken this afternoon. " - -
'A relief party of Bed Cross nurses,
physicians and soldiers crossed Great
South bay from Bay Shore to the island
this morning to care for those brought
ashore. The weathor continues bleak
with a penetrating rain. '
four Brought Ashore.
Fire Island, N. Y., Jan. 8, Four sol
diers were brought ashore from the
stranded transport Northern Paeifia by
coast guards this morning.
They were Private Albert Litchner,
Buffalo, N. Y, Company G, Thirtieth
Lieutenants Joe A. Logan, Millton,
Pa.., 111th infantry. ,
Bobcrt J. Thorpe, Washington, Ind.
Litchner was the first to step ashore.
Captain Joseph Tuttle of the coast
guard, brought these men ashore In a
small boat, after a perilous trip through
the surf to the transport.
All the boys are happy and feeling
fine, declared Litchner. This was the Captain LcVine from the port of em
first word brought 'directly froms the, barkatioa. replied -, that, he and Colonel
vessel since the coast guards boarded
There was no panic or excitement
when the transport struck, he said.
"We were all sloop. When the
shock came the boys thought they had and wounded, 710 other troops and Wi
reached tho dock." ' crew of tho Northern Pacific will bo
The men crawled out of their berths made just as soon as wind and seus per
and were much interested when they mit. If conditions are right , they will
learned the ship was aground, Litchner be taken off in small boats and trana
said. Then they spent New Years ferred to the vessels standing by. ,
watching the ehore operations and the Carruot Be Done Yet.
efforts to rescue them. They were This cannot be attempted for soma
gloomy at being dolayed at the very time yet. The unsuccessful effort of
gates of homo. the destroyers and tugs to approach tr-.u
"We're all happy aboard," said Lo-! Northorn Pacific this morning showed
gan, "the band is playing, tho mon are! the feat to be practically impossible nn-
dancing and we aro having a general
Tho four mon who first came ashore
were volunteers in the rescue work.
Have Trolley Arrangement.
Captain Tuttle said ho expected to
bring the woundod ashoro within & few ashore from the ship. The plan wes to
hourg by trolley arrangements. rig a double lino of cables and to at-
The men wore busy arranging Hum tat-.h a lifo boat to it by a trolley ar
and gotting tho trolley boats ready rangement so the bedridden wounded
while on the trnnsport tho wounded
were being got to the deck and propar
cd for tho transfer. ' A hydroplane hov
ered over head watching operations.
Bod Cross workers landed additional
supplies from the mainland and dis-
tributcd a great quantity of sandwiches
among volunteers eager to greet the
boys with food and cigarettes.
ITALY TO CHARACTERIZE
WILSON'S VISIT TO ROME
President And Mrs. Wilson
ual's Private Train At Their Disposal. Enthusiastic
Crowd At Paris Station To Wish Them "Bon Voyage"
By Robert J. Bender
(United l'ress Staff Correspondent.)
Aboard President Wilson's Train
Bound for Italy, Jan. 2. Pursuit ue
same course ho has followed in Francs'
and England President Wilson will talk
dintly to the people of Italy, as well
as confer with their leaders. He will
make every effort to eclar up anyy pos
sible misunderstanding entertained by
the Italians concerning his petce pro
gram. In summing up tho president's work
in Europo so far, it is evident he has
mndo the greatest progress 'toward lin
ing up tho allied countries in favor of
the league of nations. His speeches
i have emphasized tho United Press' fore
I east that he intends the league shall Be
j tho foremost subject of tho peace con
' ferenee. Ho has mado it clear that
i America will refuso to join any combi
) nation except a world lengue, oppose
any "balance of power" and insist up
on a peace of justice. Tht leaders of
j tho associated .nations, lie has duclured,
twill sit in tne cor.roicnees as tao peo
Destroyers and tngs standing by tried
to move closer inshore this morning to
! launch some small boats for removal of
some of the 464 soldiers aboard. But
the heavy seas prevented. The little
vessels jockeyed with the tide, approach
ing the transport and then backing oat
as the waves swept them toward the
treacherous sands. There was a pelting
rain and a brisk wind, with a northeast
er predicted by unofficial forecasters.
The stricken transport, 300 yards off
the beach, was at times but dimly ia
ecrujble through the mist which shrqud
ed everything in a bleak grayness. Tha
sea pounded the Northern Pacific a.l
night, but still the ship showed , ao
sius of going to pieces. Before dawn
a staff of the army medical corps who.
nurses and supplies arrived
Whenever the weather lightened a
bit, the transport talked to the shore
by means of wig-wag signals. During
the night, the wife, mother and sister
of Lieutenant Averell Broughton, Brook
lyn, reached the beaeh and when it be
came light enough a signalman wig
waggod their message to the ship. Tho
reply was "all's well," and an admo
nition for them not to worry.
Captain Bonds Message. ,
At B o'clock Captain Connelly of the
Northern, Pacific sent , this message:
"Who is in charge on the beach t"
F. I, Poaree of the medical corps were.
in command. . t '
"We have ample food, blankets sr.d
litters in case you hind men hore," they
signalled. The rescue of the 144 sick
til the wind veers and tho waves do-
crease in violence.
Captain Joe Tuttle of the Oak Hi.l
Life guards reached the trnnsport afte
a dash through tho breakers in a sma i
boat. Ho made a try at bringing a line
; could bo ferried ashoro m sr.tety.
Breeches Buoy Still Intact.
The breeches buoy rigged curlier was
still intact but no effort to use it had
been made as the sea was considered
to0 rough. At da-'llgi t it was seen that
the Northern PMinc has Dccn ariven
I (Continued on page three)
Have King Victor Emman-
ple's representatives, not. their maators.
Freedom of the seas is plainly the
one outstanding difficulty now, but thu
American delegates are very hopeful
thut a complete agreement jvill bo
reached on this subject. . ;
President Wilson is thoroughly en
joying tho trip his second successive
day of coniplet relaxation. King Vic
tor Emmnnual's private train, which
was placed at the disposal of tho presi
dential party, is the very acme of com
fortable luxury, its nine coaches jr in
charge of the king's persona staff.
President and Mrs. Wilson's ear is ia
the center of the train. Its exterior
is of tho sa.do dark blue as tho other
coaches and is emblazoned with the roy
al coat of arms. Its interior is a com
bination of mahogany and blue satiu.
A small ut enthusiastic crowd gath
ered at the station iv Paris yesterday
evening to wist thu President bon voy
age. In response to repeated cheers, ho
canio out on the vestibulo just bcfm
;the train left and stood hat in .hand
bowing and smiling, but made no specett