Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, December 26, 1918, Image 4

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    Editorial Page of llie Capital Jourhq
Editor nd Publisher
December 26, 1913
Pablished Every Evening Except Sunday, Salem, Oregon.
Address AU Communication To
DailBitjil Ifournal
136 S. Commerciftl St.
Daily, by Carrier, per year. i.$5.00 Per Month
Daily by Mail, per year. $3.00 Per Month.
W- D. Ward, New York, Tribune Building.
W. H. gtockwell, Chicago, People's Gas Building
fae Daily Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed" to put the papers on the
porch. If the earner does not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the paper
to you on time, kindly phono the circulation manager, as this is the only way
we can determine whether or not the carriers aro following Instructions. Phone
81 before 7:30 o'clock and a paper will be sentjou by special messenger if the
carrier has missed you.
It tho only newspapor in Salem whose circulation is guaranteed by the
1 Audit Bureau Of Circulations
pended are resuming operations. Many of them were
employers on a large scale of female help. They now
enable the women to resume their former more congenial
The percentage of women who took labors of dis
tinctly masculine character, such as shipyard and foundry
work, is really small, and almost entirely unskilled labor
ei sy to shift. , ,.
What employers call for in these days is efficiency
and skill. The jobs are held by the persons best fitted
forthem, be they men or women. The war only empha
sized a fact already accomplished in this regard.
Where the question arises what to do with a body
of workers no longer needed, the United States employ
ment service stands ready to help both employers and
employes. This service maintains, branches and clearing
stations throughout the country to aid in the distribu
tion of help and the solution of the labor surplus or short
age in any district. It is urged by the government that
this service be utilized.
No nation had it on the Belgians for enjoying Christ
mas this year. You can bet your last dollar on that.
F.Ik Zt At M i HiHr
One of the countries in which the world is going to
be most interested, when it has time, is China.
While the rest of the world has been largely "engaged
in the conduct of the great war, China has been in the
throes of revolution and civil war herself. She has swept
. from monarchy to republic. The north has fought the
south. Faction has warred on faction. Just now she is
at peace, all her various parts being, at least temporarily
in harmony.
The change in governmental form in China is most
significant of the progress of the world; for that secret,
old, mysterious country invented kings and aristocracy,
and has remained hide-bound and conservative beyond
any other nation m the world.
China was asleep, stupid with old age and opium.
But now the voice of youth is heard in the land; railroads
will be pushed into territory never before desecrated by
the foot of modernity; mines are to be developed and
Ehips built; there is a representative government, crude
as yet, but none the less republican in form.
The women have emerged from their abscurity and
oppression to education and industrial employment.
Most significant of the change in this ancient, self -centered
people, is the report . that China contributed
$1,200,000 to the United War Work fund for its work
abroad, going over the top with twelve times the quota
assigned her.
Studying Y. M. C. A. methods in New York City are
several Chinamen who are to go to France and work
among the Chinese laborers there.
South America is most frequently mentioned as a
fruitful field for United States manufacturers after the
war; but an awakened China, beginning to build and to
buy, is worth the careful consideration of the American
business men.
Ever since the call came for women in greater num
bers for industrial service, there has been an undercur
rent of worry as to what would happen when the men
came back, and wanted their jobs. As a matter of fact
this, like most worries, was unnecessary.
There is more work than ever to be done throughout
the country generally, and so far at least anybody who
wants a job can have it without working any injury to
anyone, male or female.
Peace industries that were wholly or partially sus-
BylWalt Mason
Oh, Wilhelmina, may I not congratulate you on your
guest? His merry ways will hit the spot, and give your
humdrum life new zest. There's something doing all the
time when little Willie is on deck, some fascinating curves
in crime, new stunts in arson, death and wreck. He's
coma to eat your Holland prunes, with you he'll rest and
break his fast, and I would always count the spoons when
he has finished his repast. The kaiser at your door has
knocked, you've let him in, without his crown; now see
the henhouse safely locked, and all your portables nailed
down. Oh, Wilhelmina, may I not suggest a safe deposit
A good many people are getting so addicted to the
war bond habit that they're almost sorry to see the war
Hiram Johnson seems to think that he is represent
ing the Russian bolshevik in the United States senate.
Bein ggovernor and boss of .California for several years
admirably fitted him to become an associate of Lenine
and Trotsky. ; -. :j .
By Jane Phelps.
vault, ior an tne gooas you prize a Jot, for everything ex
cept tne salt ( Your visitor's a charming skate, when'he
has will and wish to please, but while he strives to fascin
ate, hang firmly to your cupboard keys. No doubt 'twill
grieve your gentle heart to see him with his crownless
brow, but you should bid your tears depart until you have
secured the cow. His hair is white, his cheek is pale, he
bears the marks of misery; but while you listen to his tale,
just chain your palace to a tree. He'll doubtless talk of
Me und Gott until your woman's heart is sore; but, Wil
hqlmina, may I not suggest a strong new cellar door?
Mrs. Cihy borne remained with Ruth
until the baby wag over a nio.uu ut
The duy she left, Ruth returned to the
shop, although hor aunt had told her it
was unnecessary Mrs. Clayborne glad
ly would havo taken both huth and tuo
baby homo with her and cared for thci
But Ruth, aside from her feeling of lay -alty
to Jiduu, ui'.a was uucaBV. Sho
loved her work jud found herself long-
ma to got uu&y Uj-uiu. ........
Mr, Miniiel hud been most kind
so Mrs. Clay Lome impressed u, liulli
llo Lad 3Ciit many flowers to both Ruth
and her .mint, and when RuUi was able
to go out, he had sovoral times taken
them to the opera.
'I did enjoy it so much," Ruth said
to her aunt after ono of those evenings
at he opera, "but it bocius dreadful to
enjoy one's self whon B our boys aro
ngiiting and nmy.bo killed."
"Your moping at homo won't 'koiu
them. It is needful for everyone to have
a vcrluiu amount oi pleasure in i, -
lives. Uoodnoss knows vou have had
title dough since you marrk'fi."
" I have boon as gay as most in our
circumstances. "
'Thai's just it! xou lad no bust
iii'hh to be iu those circumstances. .'.
am not saying a word ligniiiBt Brian at
a num. .iut as a provider for a f'tmii
hi is dociuYuly inadequate."
Ruth mado ntt reply. What her aunt
said ias true, llriun, as a nrovU.-r
wus inaatquiite. Ho would have anoth
er' to woik for when he came back
if he did come back. Someway, Ruth's
thoughts of Brian jvore always tingo
with fenr. She knew ho had a reckless,
venturesome spirit. Sho fearod it would
load him into needless danger, Whoa
she read that tho Americans could hard-1
ly be controlled so anxious were they to
be in tho fiirhttn" she always visuoliz-l
ed Brian as ono of the foremost of to
boys -Mulling into danger.
Ruth settled down into her old work
at the shop. Sho first lenrned what
had boon done in her department during
lnr absence, then with renewed enthusi
asm, gave the best of which she was
capable to her employer.
She had nothing to worry her if ono
excepted four for Brian. Rachel wus
thoroughly competent to care for the bn
i'V, and also lo do the simple house
keeping required, now that thev wore
alone. Ruth hired a laundress, but
aside from that Ruchol would havo no
I peo.v cum ak cure o you, missy
Ruth, and yo' baby too," she had said
when Ruth had expressed a fear thai,
it would be too much for her to at
tempt. And as sho saw no neglect any
where as tho baby was well and won
derfully cared for, her own meals woll
cooked and nourishing she gradually
left all tho details of the home to Ra
"Gt what you like," was her an
swer whenever Rachel consulted her as
to tho marketing.
This freedom from all ears at home
gnvo her more strength to use in busi
ness. More and niorro did Mandel come
to depend upon her. Much of his time
was given to war work. He had always
been a generous and philanthropic man.
And new he gave himself as well as
his money, so making it necessary to
lean more heavily npon hfs empwyus
to run his business. La Monte had gone
into a training camp, and his work, to
a great extent, devolved upon Ruth.
But she made no complaint. Sometimes
when she was unusually tired, site would
say to herself:
"I can only do my bit this way."
Mandel had raised her salary again
whon La Monto left.
"Tou will have considerably more
care, now that La Monto is gone," he
had told her, "it is only fair that you
have more money. Then, living expens
es have advanced , p a great extent. Be
careful, though, that I don't put too
much work on you.' Ton must not got
"Work never makes me ill," she had
responded, thereby telling him more
than she meant to of tho reason of her
occasional illnesses before Brian left
Bor. "It was worry because of him,"
Mandol said to himself aftor this eon
rersation. 1 u ' -'
Tho thought riiade him feel that Soon
ho might win Ruth' for his ownj-as such
thought always . ctfd. vMandol was not
a bad man. e was really-a good man.
He thought Brian unfaithful, not wor
thy of Ruth, Hot had thought hor un
happy with him, and although she now
had a child he (dMndel) would gladly
take baby and all at once. But as I
have said bcfore,5"he wag a patient,
man," so ho bidid his time, making
Ruth as happy as was possible under
tho circumstances.
Then camo a letter from Brian that
turned Ruth's world upsido down again.
(To bo continued.)
J Open Forum J
Question. What is the comparison
between Sulem and other first class dis
tricts in Oregon in regard to tho mill
ago tax for schools for tho year 1917
ana lifts i
. A. Salem has the next lowest of any
in tho state, Albany being the lowest
which will be readily seen by the fol
lowing: The Dalles, 13,1 uiillsjMarsli
field, 13; 'McMinnvillo, 12; Medford,
11.8; Corvallis, 10.2; Kosoburg, 10;
Astoria, 9.4; Ashland, 9; u.vson City,
8.3; Pendleton, 8; Eugene, 7.6; Tort
land 6.5; Salem, 6.4; Albany, 6.
Q. Have any i these dstricts fail
ed to pass the budgets on tho first elec
tion! A. Yes, Thj Dalles. They had a sec
ond election and -passed it by a large
majority. Salom cannot afford to. not
pass this budget either from the stand
point of dollars and cents or from the
stand point of the children.
Q. Why is it noi a good proposition
in dollars and centa tn vot mm.,-
et down!
A. Because the district will have to
borrow about 9b,000 with which to
maintain the school, at an expense of
about 6000. I his interest wi)i amount
to about one-half of the raiso tho school
board finds it imcessary to have (13,
Q. Why will it be a good propositiou
from the children's ttandpointt
A. If the schools are crippled be
cause of financial aij thoy will also
be crippled because of moral support
to the effect that tho schools cannot
be kept up to standard for tho benefit
of tho rising generation.
Q. What is one of the great contrib
uting factors which has mado the Unit
ed States of America take the lead in
recent world events?
A. Tho schools have been largely
responsible for producing a rac of peo
ple who possess initiative and ability to
think. There has never been ia the
history of the world such a well edu
fated army as the United 8tates of
Amorica put into the field during tho
war. , , ...
Q. What ret irmkniiu hunt K
people of the United Stalest
a. ina industrial situation showed
America that she had to take steps iu
tha future to bring hor industries up to
tk proper standard by educating the
people along this line.- . - - .
Q. What is the object of the so-cull-1
fflrl ICS - & W v
I. I
Oitpio IiUtttbet0 Yard- "
1 . t
Winter-time is busy-time in" forest
lands. Only when the snow is on the
ground are trees felled and drawn to
water, so the white season is a fever
ish one. Logging companies bid
against each other for the services of
the fearless fellows mostly Scandi
navians and French Canadians who
follow the dangerous calling known
as "logging." The felling of trees is
no child's play. Strength is needed
to swing the axe or thrust the saw;
judgment ' and . nimbleness "are re
quisites ' ?when dodging a down
crashing giant; fearlessness and
dexterity are essential when tiding
the logs down stream or breaking up
a jam. i I
Cetera t JV l2?1teiUrf in, cb-a. i .
Loergincr camps are busy, interest
ing places. They are maintained by
the various companies who operate
in the woods, for bed and board must
be furnished every worker. Enor
mous quantities of food are con
sumed by the husky men whose ap
petites are whetted by hard labor in
the clear, keen atmosphere of north
ern woods.
Canada bids fair to soon have a
monopoly of these lumber camps, for
the logging industry in the States is
fast dwindling. Take any given sec
tion in northern Wisconsin or Michi
gan where in the eighties or nineties
flourished a dozen camps, today you
will do well if you find two. The
reason is that most of the standing
timber there now is too far from
water to make loeeine a cavine bus!- '
ness. On the other hand, Canada's
600,000,000 acres of timber lands are
threaded by such a network of
waterways that the profitableness of
logging is insured for many, many
The timber of Canada embraces
nineteen varieties of soft woods and
eleven sorts of hard woods. Of
these, white pine is the most im
portant and commercially valuable.
Spruce makes the best pulpwood, the
newspaper demand bringing this ta
a $16,000,000 annual item. British
Columbian red cedars go into furni
ture and interior decorations. The
yearly output of Canadian forest
products . near? the 200,000,00tj
cd Smith-Hughes Act!
A. The objoct of the Smilh-Hughes
act is to pronioto industrial education
among the peoplo and to produce an
educated workman who knows and feels
about conditions in an enlightened way.
y. now docs the oniitli-liuglios act
promote industrial education!
A. It promotes industrial education
by appropriating money. These appro
priations covor a period of seven years
Salem public schools receive $1800 this
year from the appropriation.
Q. Under what conditions does Sa
lcm receive this money 1
A. By conducting the work of the
shops, carpentry classes and homo ec
onomics elass in a real manner so as to
fit a boy or, girl for a useful occupa
Q. How many 'states in the Unitec?
States of America have token on tin.
A. Every one. There is a great de
mand for this kind of work.
Respectfully submitted by the .com
mitoe on public information. '
es would naturally have a downward
tendency and they say they are will
ing to pay teachers liberally, but not
exorbitant wages. That wo in the cap
ital city should sot examples instead
of following examples set by other cit
ies, but they do not know what the
salaries are nor how much- was the
raise, they think the committee should
print, the names of tlie teachers or at
least classify them together with the
former salaries and Ithe amount of
raise, and why the teacher demanded
it. They have the impression that in
some cases tho raise wag unexpected by
the teachers.
Vc have not written this in antagon
ism to the school board or the commit
tee but undoubtedly these impressions
defeated tho budget formerly and we
believe' tUe committee atwiild know
the reasons and thus avoid the same
calamity and we believe no doubt they
can explain matters satisfactorily.
Slate Council Of Defense
Ceases As Department
Qovornor Withycombe today receiv
ed a copy of the letter being sent t
tlit chairmen of all county and con.
nnmit.y councils of defense announcing
that I ho state council of dnfonso will
cense to operate as an official depart
ment the stato government on .nn
ary 1.
"The problems of demobilization nut
tho induction of returned soldiers intu
armies of peaco will be handled direct
ly by tho federal employment service
and by the special executive commit
too headed by George L..Bnkor, mayor
of Portland," says the letter.
With the approval of Governor Witb
yenmbo, Secretary Kollock urges the
county and community councils to ecn
tinue in existence as voluntary organi
zations for tho purpose of aiding ia
various relief campaigns and to pro
vide a statewide organization fully
equipped to meet such futuro emergen
cies ns mar arise.
Editor Journal. We have read the
explanations given on the school bud-i
get by the committee of information.!
-I. Mi M . 1. . . 1 ClAn. I
is in .favor of schools and willing to
tlo their part in what is proper as they
understand it, and we believe they en
dorse every item contained in the bud
get, excepting the buying of the Hol
man property, and they have doubts'
as to the justification of the raise in
teachers' salaries. We will give their
reasons so that the committee may ex
plain them prior to election. The im
pression is general that tho Holman
property was not bought as an actual
necessity but as an investment because
it was cheap and much more had been
offered for it previously and that we
might have use for it in the future.
Statements have gone forth that we
could nse one room and rent the rest
until such time as it was needed and
think that if so that an extra room
might have been rented. That much
property might be bought for less than
former prices; that the people in gen
eral have done their utmost financial
ly to help erush militarism even to bor
rowing money to assist in- this worthy
cause, and that taxes are already high
and that an effort should have been
made to stay within the 6 per cent lim
it. Now, as for the raise of salaries; they
say that it was evident early in the
summer that the war would close this
year and that in such Case many of
ur factories-would close. The boys
would return home and as a result wag-
Mr. Business Man
Asa matter of economy you
should consult the Journal's
Job Department before placing
your printing--we are satisfying
Salem's leading firms put us
on your calling list. Phone 81