5000 CIRCULATION Weedier Report , Cretan: Tonight and Friday rail wert portion, rain or snow ast prtion; warmer tonight east . portion, strong southerly .wind. . - (25,000 READERS DAILY) Only Circulation in Salem Guar- enteed by the Audit Bureau of 4c Circulations Z FULL LEASED WIRE t DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAIr " LEY NEWS SERVICE FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 299. SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1918. PRICE TWO CENTS ON TWAINS AND NEWS BTANDB ITVE GENTS mm MmmiMmMmmk WILSON id uim President Scheduled To Return Marshal Foch's Call After Conference Margaret Wilson Will Probably Sin? In , Gondecourt To Soldiers On Christmas Day While President Will Address Doughboys At American Headquarters. By Robert J. Bender - (United Press stuff correspondent) Paris, Dee. 19. President Wilson and Premier Clonieneeau began an im portant : conference at Mltrat palace this morning. It is believed a closer un derstanding betwee the French and .be United States regarding details ef the peace pact will be reached. 41.. nac!n.nt u-n .. s.il. a,1 Iiwl trt .nhi.n Marshal Foch's call. Miss Margaret Wilson, who is expect ed to resume- her tour of American mil itary camps tomorrow, litis naked to be ent to the most isolated localities. As result she probably will sing in Conde ourt Christmas day, whil) the presi dent is addressing the doughboys at American headquarters. (mm i iiArairvnnrr ta H-KHKrr capture newvork; paris, and london German General Admitted That It Couldn't Be Done Even To Win War. i T.nnilrtn. TW 19.- fieneriil Tiiidnn dorff wa told more than a vear aeo i nui in uruer tu win ine war mr magi capture Paris, Loudon and Now York.' Mo admitted It could not be done. This was revealed today in an in terview with Dr. Rntheman, head of the German General Electrical company (c-mploying 70,000 men) obtuiued by the Berlin correspondent of the Express "Germany is ruined for the next gen eration, politically, industrially and ec onomically," Ratliemnn was quoted as saying. "The people do not know who they can trust. . "I told General Ludendorff in July, 1917, 'to win tho war you have .got to eitpture Paris, London and New York.' " 'We can't do it,' ho admitted and ttsid he wanted a 'pence by understand ing.' " Regarding the present conditions in Germany, Ratheruan said: "If the allies do not send food with in tw0 months ,thore will be riots and siekuess throughout Germany." Circling Of Milo Piper Halted For Time Being Muskegon, Mich., Deo. 39. Illness of the prosecuting attorney has tempo rarily halted the grilling of Milo H. S'iper, accused of having slain Frieda Weichman to hide his marriage to her. "Piper spends his time weeping and treading for the loyalty of his acknowl wised wife. State officials today declared they liave found evidence of a third mar riage by Piper. Sheriff Siauffer de flared he has learned Piper married Marian . Gray, manager of a Bonton ? (arbor matrimonial bureau, who later, Jie claimed, was jailed by federal au thorities and then pardonel by Presi dent , Taf t. M MARTIN : We've alius noticed that a prosper ous feller don't hand out much advice Mrs. Tjpto Bud's niece has sued a car j en er's helper fer $73,000 fer alien atin' her affoctlons. There are two Gondecourt in the American one. One is 18 miles east and north of Verdun. The other is 45 miles south of that city. The-former probably is the town Miss Wilson will visit. President Wilson and President Poin care attended the reception to Marshal Joffre by the French academy. They sat among the members. Tteir wives occupied the presidential box. Tho Wilsons will entertain Foreign Minister and Madame Pinchon at luncheon tomorrow. During the day the president will receive all foreign am bassadors and ministers at the Murat I'alaee. " "" " """" '" TELLS OFRFIRl PROPAGANDA OVER Had Been In Front Trenches 3 Weeks When Armistice Was Signed. Herbert Sehabacker of the 339th in fantry, writing under date of Nov. 12 to Pr,f. Erich Sehabacker, snys:, , ' , "Little did I think that yuur first letter to Franco" would find me in the first Hue trenches and just as the war is over. I have been in tho line for about three weeks, two of these in tho first lino watching Fritz and picking away at him when he shwwcd himsoif., "Tho last ten days havo been ox treinoly hard as through ono of Frits 's tricks ho got quite a lot of information, My particular sector was the front an fjla of the whole line. In fact, a few days ago in bright light, I had to evac uate a small part to protect the sector. He opened up with all he had but luckily I was able to stand him off. "You cannot imagine how it feels to be fooling safe again and not being afraid any minute of being blown to pioces or shot through by a crack shot. It was getting on my nerves. For 10 days I had very little sleep at nighi cuicmng a nap now ana then between visiting sentinels on post. 'During the day we worked to maki things safe and comfortable around tho sector and duer out. I 1 ! thought that an officer draws to much money compared to an enlisted man, but I d0 not think that any more. In Mountains. "I am now in the mountains and can now appreciate your talk of mountain scenery as I have been through the mountains, the Vosges. I am now op- jposire .Muinouse, in Alsace." the writer enclosed several pamph lets printed in French that tho Ger mans fired over in to the linen win. big shell. Other propaganda is printed in angusn wnn uie Headlines proclaim ing, "The German Pcoplo offer peace. The new German government has ap pealed to President Wilson to bring about peace. It is willing to come to an honest understanding with France about Ahtace-Lorraine. The new Ger man government has restricted the U boat war. Nn nasseneer steamer, rot carrying troops or war materials will be attacked in the future." By this sort of propaganda tho Ger mans hoped to undermine the fighting spirit of the American troops. ' Charting Of Mail Route To Sacramento To Continue Riverside, C'al., Dee. 19. Charting of the aerial mail route between River side and Sacramento will be continued. Instructions were received by Major John C. Bartholf today to have Match Field flyers chart the route from Ba kersficlcl to Sacramento. Lieutenant W. H. Stevens, Lieuten ant E. L. Sweet and Lieutenana H. B. Stevens have been assigned to do the work. They will leave March field on Saturday morning at 6:30 o'clock and they expect to make the flight to Sac ramento In one day. Tho flyers will spend Sunday at Mather Field, return ing here Monday. With this work eompleted the gov ernment will have charts for its pro posed aerial mail route from Truxton. Arizona, to Sacramento, a distance of about 12i)0 mile as the birds fly. The woodwork industry in Klamath county has a payroll which exceeds 1250,000. KING AND QUEEN Of ITALY ARRIVED IN PARIST0DAYAT3:10 President Wilson And Victor Emmanuel Exchanged Visits This Afternoon. By Henry Wood (United Press staff correspondent) Paris, Dec. 19.-dCing Victor Emman uel of Italy arrived in Paris at 3:10 o 'clock this afternoon. The Italian official parly included the king, Queen Elena, Crown Prince Humbert, Premier Orlando, Foreign Minister Sonnino and othor ministers. They were1 greeted at the Bois Bou logne station by the French cabinet, headed by Premier Cleinenceau. The king and his party were conduct ed to the Quai DX)rsay, where he will take up his residence. President Wilson and the king ex changed visits this afternoon. The day's program also includes a visit by the king to Clemenceau'e office; The premier will return the call. The king and queen will lie the guests of Presi dent and Mme. Poincare at the Palais Elysce this evening. King Victor Emmanuel also will re view a parade comprising Italian units which fought on the French front, dep uties of the redeemed proviucos and members of the Italian colony in Paris. Soldiers Will Have Big Celebration Christmas Paris, Dec. 19. Christmas greens, holly and Christmas trees are being commandeered by the American V. M. C. A. throughout France preparatory to a big Christmas peace eele- bration in all Y. M. C. A. cen- tors. Hundreds of American girls and' American soldiers have, ' been invited to attend the Christmas party at tho Hotel Petrograd, the largest Y. M. C A. hostess fcouse in Faris. - :. PERUVIAN CONSUL TO FRISCO SHOOTS 8EU No Motive Has Been Ascer tained As Yet For His Suicide. San Francisco, Dec. 18. Luis E. Cal devon, Peruvian consul to San Francis co, shot and killed himself in his roome here today, Causu for the action 's unknown. Calderon was at breakfast in hif fashionable pnrtuicuts shortly before tho body was found. Tho breakfast was sent up at 8:30 and the body was found shortly after 9. It .was still warm. A letter in Spanish was found. It is being translated. Calderon was reputed to be wealthy, and it is said he was a prominent poli tician in Peru. Ho had been here a number of years. Ho shot himself through the heart. He was recovering from a slight at tack of influenza. W. H. Harshbarger, manager of tiio apartment house, found (he body. His mother, brother and sisler left hero last Monday for Peru. Ho was for nieily consul in Japan, EngM Practically Cleared Of U, S. Tree - London, Dec. 19. Croat Brit- I ain is practically cleared of American troops. - All the American camps ex- eept thoso at Winchester and Liverpool, have .been cvacuat- ed. The contingent still remain- ing here consists principally of Major Biildie's staff and 2000 wounded. These are being sent home as rapidly as pfsible. ' Major Riner Says Coach Dietz Is Not Slacker! Yallejo, C'al., Dec. Vi. Lone 8tn. Dietz, ite Indian football coach of the Marc Island Marines, is not a slacke'. iiajor Riner of the Marines made t' o statement ttoday. tie declared Diet, filed 'his questionnaire with the Spo kane d.aft board aoking exemption merely !iiat he might finish the seaso-i wilh the marines. "I wss aware of Diets' plans," said Major Inner, "fie had practically ar ranged to i.!.i ia the iiu.ines inm.e diatrly sftir the elose of the season. He made theso arrangement with m ! before the sov.on opened. Lone 8ta.' isn't lae'er. ' Hie bootleggers have the wrong idea of the holiday spirit. ' i LONDON WILL TO ECLIPSE TRENCH FOR PRESIDENT Wilson's Council To Be Sought " In Regard ! To Allies Russian Policy. By Lowell Mellett (United Press Staff Cor-mipondeat) " London, Dee. 19.-t-Londoa intends to eclipse Paris ' welcome to President Wil son in the same degree that its popula tion exceeds that of the. French capi tal. . 1 , - While, great numbers of organizations political and non-political, have already considered separate demonstration) in Wilson's honor, it Si believed they ul timately will folbw the example pro vided by Paria and combine in one big celebration. . i The government, of eourse, w8l o vido the president with every official attontion, but it is London's millions who will furnish the real welcome. ' - - Mow Than Holiday. Wilson's visit, however, will be much more than a holiday, since he will ar rive in- the midst of an increasingly warm discussion, regarding tho allies' Russian policy. It is practicahy t -tain his counsel will be sought cms regard. It ia almost equally wtui he will be urged to define in more de tail his attitude concerning freedom of tho seas and enlarge oil his plan for tho league of nations. Beneath the surface of social attea tions which will be showered upon the President tnd trt. Wilson in the form of parades, bauquots, speeches, memor ials and general felicitations, it is ev ident, therefore, much of the prelimi nary work of the peace conference will be transacted bore. Renowcd interest in the . Russian problem is thv, ott'growth of persistent rumors that e git allied expedition is . planned for occupying Petrograd and Russia, suppressing the bolshevik governmentand establishing ordor dur ing tho present winr. The newspap ers publish complaints . from soldiers who allege they ha , been ordered to Russia. Tho press -of -all- shades of po litical opinion hint that great opposi tion will develop if an attempt is mado to carry out such a plan. , An attack on the newly formed de mocracy, however mistaken might bs the ideas hold about that democracy, would lead to disappointment in some circles," said tho Chronicle. Mild in Comparison. This is regarded as significant, be cause tho Chronicle is accepted as Pro mior Lioyd-Goorgc's personal organ But this comment is mild compared with that of somo of the other newspa pers. "Before any big military develop ment, such as committing this nation to war with Russia, tho people o' this country should be consulted," the Ex press said. The Manchester Guardian has boon hinting for several days that tho gov ernment is proposing to enter the Rus sian project on a big scale. "Wo might be sending machinery and tools to Russia, instead of machine guns," declared the News. Divided in Opinions. Russians in London are divided in their opinions. Representatives of the old regimo are keen to see a big mili tary demonstration by tho allies car ried out. Moderates of the type of Keuensky say. thev would welcome nl lied intervention if the Americans pre dominated. They declare no others would be welcomed by the Russian lib erals. OVATION FOE A1Y CHEFS AT UNDO Field Marshal Haig Cheered By Crowds Of People On His Arrival. London, Dee. 19. Hundrils of thou sands of persons joined in a tremendous ovation to the British army eniefs who arrived here this afternoon to visit King George. When Field Marshal Haig, accompan ied by Generals Hawlinson, Plumer, Byng, Birdwood anil Home left the train at Charing Cross ststion they were surrounded by a cheering, yelling mass of humanity that blocked their progress to the waiting automobiles. Many American soldiers and sailors participated in the demonstration. When the military party arrived, an aerial escort circled over the ststion, dropping smoke signals. The police finally cleared a way and the famous military leaders started on a triumphal procession through the Strand, Pall Mali and Picadilly to Buckingham Palace. The streets were decorated with allied flagl Accom panying the military party were the Duke of Connanght, Premier Lloyd George and other members of the cab inet, who had met them at the ta tion. At the palace Hnig and his party were guests of the king at lunches!. ENDEAVOR WELCOME OF General Eugene De Miller, former jeiiief of staff of the Fifth Russian ar my on the east front, who has gone to Archangel to command tho Russian troops co-operating with tho allies, es timated that between 200,000 and 300, 000 men wsuld be needed on the north ern front and a similar force in the Ukraine. He expressed the hope Am erica would pro ride the bulk of these troops. He believes the winter is the beat season fir operations, as sleds can bs used for transport, whereas the spring mud would hamper movements. ebertIeSeTin french heyspaper to iiavtresied Soldatenrat Receives Propos als That President Be Elected Sunday. ' , Paris, Doe. 19. Le Journal says it understands Chancollor Ebert has re signed. ' , Spartacus Checked - The Spartacus in Berlin appears to have been checked, a Zurich dispatch to LTnfonimtion said today. It declared Chancellor Ebert has boon upheld by the workmen's and soldiers' council and is taking vigorous action against followers of Karl Liebk neeht. i GOVERNMENT ENDORSED By Frank 3. Taylor (United Press staff correspondent) Berlin, Doe. 18(Night) The Eb-ort-Haase coalition government has re ceived the endorsement of the national solilateurat (soldiers?;-council.) A'be vote was unanimous.'" " Tho soldatenrat accorded tie present government absolute control over ci vilian affairs, but reserved supervision of the nriny. Resolutions adopted by the soldaten rat make the people's council, com posed of six members, supreme in the national provisional government. Administration of military affairs by the peoples' council, however, will be subject to approval by a parliamentary executive committee elected by sol datenrat. To Elect President fieriin, Doc. 18. (Delayed) The na tional workmen's and soldiers' coun cils have proposals that the "German republic" elect a president Sunday. Prompt action in this connection, it is pointed out, is necessary to give the allies guarantoe that Germany will havo a responsible government when the peace conference begins. i Suppress Bolshevik) Amsterdam, Doc. 19. Tho Ebert Haas? government has suppressed the bolshevik government at Neu Oeln, ar resting members of the workmen's and soldiers' council, according to a Berlin dispatch received hore today. NOT ATTACKED DRAFT Declares Socialists Did Not Defend Men Who Refused To Register. Chicago, Dec. 19. The national so cialist party never solicited money for the defense of men tho refused to reg ister for the draft, nor used any mon ey for that purpose, declared Adolph Germer, one of the five defendants, in his testimony at the trial of five so cialist leaders here today. The party did, however, uso funds in defense of socialists who were prose cuted for making spoechos and distrib uting literature, Germer said, citing a notice lir that effect published in the New York Call socialist daily, in 1917 Hde Early Peace Effort Evidence tending to show that the socialist party made efforts toward peace as early as September, 1914, be fore the United States enteied the con flict, was given, Germer declared peace meetisgs were held in New York and Chicago in 1914 and 1913 and that an article printed in the Call at that time blamed the war on capitalistic in terests. A proclamation was sent to the work ers of Europe, Germer declared, on Au gust 4, 1914, by'the "committee on im mediate action," of which Victor Bcr ger, another defandant, was a member. The proclamation urged the Europeans to "rise to action" and fight for "immediate peace," Oermei said. Germer denied authorship of. a let- (Continued on page eight) SOLATIOil IS i!0 L0NGERP0SS1BLE 111 UNITED SMS If League Is Not Created U. S. May Have To Enter Coal ition Of Nations. BALANCE OF POWER ONLY ALTERNATIVE OF LEAGUE Germany' s Threat Before Am erican Entry Into War Was ' Eastward Expansion. (Written for the United Press.) New York, Dee. 19. If the league of nations is not ereatod by the peace con ference, the United States ultimately probably will be compcllod in solf-ds- fcuse to enter iuto an international co alition to create a balance of power fa vorable to American interests. V A return to Amorica's former policy of somploto isolation is impossible be cause the United States now has in Gormanr a subtle and relontless Euro pean enemy. Alliances aro tho outcomu of international enmities. Nations do not band together because they have an affection for one another, but bo- cause they have mutual interests to be safeguarded against a common enemy. I ho only alternative to a leaguo of nations is a return to the old world poll cy of balance of power, whereby two coalitions of nntionj seek to hold each otherin equilibrium. Berlin'! Threat, When America was hesitating about entering the war, it was a common threat in Borlin that if America eon tributed to Gorman's defeat, German statesmanship would in future years work for an alliance with Russia and Japan, aimed against the UnKod Httes. Blocked from expanding westward, tho Germans would, thus turn to the east and would eventually sock with thoir allies to dominate the Pacific. It Is such a threat as this that forces a menaced nation into an alliance to restore the balance of power. Ofton a sufficient check against so proton tious a design is the knowledgo that a counter alliance exists. If, however, the blow eventually falls tho counter alli ance springs into instant defensive ac tion. A menace of this nature against United States would necessarily be di rected against Australia, Now Zealand and Canada, who havo intorests in the Pacifie in harmony with America's. If, thoreforo, tho league of nations fails to be crested and if America is compelled to join an international coalition a com munity of interest alrendy exists for tho formation of an English speaking league. YANKEES HAVE I CHANCE FOR PEKNANT SINCE ll TRADE While Red Socks Have Gain ed Good Pitcher Needed For Some Time. By H. O. Hamilton (United Press staff correspondent) New York, Dec. 19. Perusal of the trade in which Miller Hug-gins obtained for tho Yankees, Hub Leonard, Ernie Shore and Duffy Lewis, in exchange for Al Waltors, Ray Caldwell, Frank Gilhooley and Slim Love, gives the deal a fifty-fifty sort of lock .with the advantage, if any exists, resting the side of Kd ISarrow. In Lewis, Hoggins obtained strength for his outfield, something he has nev er possessed. In Al Walters he gave to Barrow one of the Americi.n league's best catchers, something the Red Box have needed inco Bill Carripan becsms banker. ) t The pitchers addod to the' Yankee staff by the dicker will help, but the ai I i i ton al slapinan slipped to Barrow will also help the Sox to fill a deplet ed staff. Gilhooley' worth is practic ally discounted through the fact that the 'Red Sox already have Hooper, Strunk and Shorten to draw from. The Red Box were good enough last summer to win a pennant with only a little help from Leonard, none from Shore to Speak of and little from Lew is. Therefore, relinquishment of this trio hurt only slightly. The Sox were badly in need of a catcher to holp Aj ncw. So this helps them. The trade, however, resti'ts in this fact It places the Yankees within shoot ing distance of a pennant, for it gives them a strong outfield and a strong pitching stfff. They have good ia-field. BOLSHEVIK GAIN POWER IN RUSS IS IlICATIOHS KiEtary Experts Differ Oa Course Allies Should Pur sue With Bolshevii SITUATION IN SIBERIA IS BECOMING UNSTABLE No Change In Present Allied Pohcy Until After Peace Conference. Londss, Deo. 19. The bolshoviki are gaining power in Russia, it is indicat ed in recent dispatches. This is partis- ularly true in the border states, whera the Germans are withdrawing. Thus the allied pohcy regarding Rusuiaa operations is becoming more important. Contrary views sie hold by allied military experts end civilian groups eoneernmg the eonre the allies are to pursue. They range from extension of the military effort to crush the bolshoviki to complete with drawal from Russia The situation in "Siberia also is becem ing more unstable, as military chiefs' suceeed each other in chaotic fashion. Conditions in northern R-ussia are some what screened by a veil of alienee, but the allied operations there appear ta have been practically stabilized. The one thing that is certain is that there will be no extension or change in the present poMcy until the allied atti tude and plans regarding Russia are more fully explained at the peaee con ference. , ,- " The .morning newspapers approve th poliey of Lord Milner, war secretary, not to abandon Russia but to withdraw the military forces as soon as possible. Most of them ask the government to clearly define its plan of campaign. The Daily News calls upon the gov ernment to make evident that we are not pursuing illegitimate ends or impa tiently waiting for something to turn up." "We are at- war with Russia and the nation is entitled to kno-.v what the end the government contemplates," says the London Telegraph. Vernon Rings Was In One Of Hardest Catties Ot War Vemon K. Kings, who is with tho American forces in France, writes ot some of ins I'xpeiienccs as follows: ' ' Yesterday I was in one of the hard est fought bittles of tho war. The ma chine gnu bullets were falling thickiK than roindiops and shrapnel was fail ing on all sides. "About a week ago I was made lino sergeant and when the buttlo was at its worst our platoon sergeant wsj wound ed, so the captain sent word for mo t take charge of the platoon aud lead them on. ! " When the battlo was the thickca and when we had just about captured Ineir machine guns and cannon, the Germans ran out and threw up their hands and suid, "the war is finished." It was 11 o'clock of the day firing was t0 cease aud they had boen ordered to cease firing. . "It was ceituinly a funny feeling to have it all stop so suddenly. I eould hardly realize it was so and that the war was over and that I had come out without a soraach. I hope soon to get back to dear old V. S. A." GilLEIT Al IW ARE SPEAKER CANDIDATES CertaSn That Representative Fess Name Will Be Put Forward. Washington, Dec. 19 Representative Gillett, republican of Massachusetts, to day announced himself a candidate foi speaker of the next bouse of represen tatives. . lie has the unanimous backing of the Massachusetts delegation. Gillette u the second candidate formally in the field. Representative Man of Chica go, eame out yesterday. Representatives Fess, Ohio, still say he is not a candidate, but this name is almost eertain to be put. forward. Fesa will have the support of the middle west progressive wing. Representatives Kahn, California, Towner, Iowa, and Campbell of Kansas will be put forward but the vote for them will be largely complimentary.