Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 18, 1918)
ttStt r , TP
of The Capital Journal
December li, 1918
ya. i in. m
QStfj j CHARLES II. I'lijlltK I 44
gB j Editor and Publisher f Q
Published Every Evening Except Sunday, Salem, Oregon.
Address All Communications To
136 S. Commercial St.
Dailv. br Carrier. ter rear.-i $5.00 ' Per Month.-
Daily by Mail, per year
WORK, OR WORK.
FULL LEASED WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
W- D. Ward, New York, Tribune Building.
W. H. Stockwell, Chicago, People's Gas Building
The Daily Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the paper
to you on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only way
we can dctemino whether or not the carriers are following instructions. Phone
81 before 7:80 o'clock and a paper will be Bent you by special messenger if the
carrier has missed you.
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL
Is the only newspaper In Salem whose circulation is guaranteed by the
Audit Bureau Of Circulations
ANOTHER PIONEER CROSSES THE DIVIDE.
Colonel John H. 'Cradlebaugh, news of whose death
yesterday afternoon brought sorrow to many friends, was
long connected with the editorial staff of the Capital
Journal, and there is mourning in this office today. His
unfailing cheerfulness, his genial ways and the bigness of
his heart endeared him to. those with whom he worked and
lived. A vigorous, intelligent editorial writer, a poet of
no mean attainments, his wit and sense of humor made
him a favorite with the readers of this paper, and his
death leaves a void that will not soon be filled.
Colonel Cradlebaugh's career was varied and inter
esting, covering a period of 70 years, many of which were
spent among the exciting scenes of Virginia City in the
old bonanza days, where he was miner, newspaperman and
attorney. Once only did he fill public office, that of dis
trict attorney in a Nevada county, but its duties of prose
cutor were distasteful to him and he soon resigned. He
was, during those days, a friend of Mark Twain and Bret
Harte, and his little volume of poems, issued a few years
ago, would be a fit library company tor the works oi tnese
famous Westerners in any home.
His death removes from the stage of action another
of that fast diminishing type of pioneer. I Heir, adven
turous spirits blazed the way for the civilization of to
day, and men like Colonel Cradlebaugh have lived to see
the Pacific coast country which lured them with- its pros
pects of excitement and adventure, pass from the wilder
ness stage to that of high development, wealth and pop
ulation. Possibly these pioneers builded better than they
knew, more likely they glimpsed with prophetic vision the
glorious future of the western slope of the Rocky moun
tains, the "Land Where Dreams Come True", as Colonel
Cradlebaugh has so beautifully expressed it in one of his
poems and he lived to see the dream a reality in his
beautiful Oregon country before he "crossed the divide."
He had shared the hardships of the pioneer with fortitude,
and had braved the dangers of mining camp and trail with
stout heart and sturdy courage. But the time came when
his work was finished, when the iron constitution gave
wav to advancing vears. and that civilization which fol
lows so closely upon the track of the pioneer gave him
rich reward, for loving hearts watched over him in the
long illness so uncomplainingly borne, while the minis
trations of tender hands sought to smooth away his pain
and suffering as the end drew near, and he closed his eyes
in peaceful content upon a world he had helped to make
more cheerful and bright and happy for those around him.
The number of criminals in the British penal institu
tionstions has fallen off fifty per cent since the war be
Sir Evelyn Brise, chairman of the British prison
commissions, gives two reasons for this: The war and a
"concentrated policy of purifying young criminals."
The war has taught a further lesson to other coun
tries besides Great Britain, which is that men can be
forced either to work or to fight.
The injustice early became apparent of sending to
war and mobilizing in industry all our best youth, while
our streets and saloons were teeming with a lot of idle,
able-bodied men who did nothing but eat and make trouble.
As a result, in city after city, the work-or-fight policy
has been put into successful operation, to a point where
the loafer, always a menace, has practically disappeared
from his haunts.
There is no reason why the cessation of the war
shoujd mean a return to the old, careless, crime-breeding
methods, for experience in handling this phase of war
emergency has taught city governments that men can be
forced not only to penal servitude but also to the plain,
everyday taking of jobs and holding them. It is a mere
matter of exercising authority.
Municipal employment agencies and clearing-houses
and the welfare of the people demands the abolishment
of the loafer and all his kind.
This has been done as a war measure. It should be
continued as a peace mesaure. .
Municipal employment agencies and clearing-house
for labor should be maintained to this end, and a frequent
census of labor taken.
"Work, or work .and the stone-pile take the hind
most!" should be the slogan from now on.
By Robert J. Bender
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Dee. 18. The statesman of Eu
rope are laughing at President Wilson 's
jokes. He was noted in Washington as
a story teller and his reputation in that
regard is already made here. Premier
Clemenceau especially enjoyed some of
the president's illustrative quips.
Though they deeply appreciate the
honors shown the president, the Amen
can party is glad the ceremonies are
ended Bo they can got down to work.
More silk hats have been on exhibi
tion in Paris during the past few days
than at any time since 1914.
The Place Concorde is a little Amor
ica. Dozens of American automobiles
are always parked in front of the Cril
Ion hotol. American statesmen and sol
diers are always about. There is al
ways the greatest variety of visitors
to American headquarters in the Cnl
Among those today was Jan Padcr
ewski, who came to discuss the Polish
We hope those Berlin voters won't be so careless as
to kill any heavy taxpayers, after the manner of the Rus
sian bolsheviki. German capitalists will come in handy
when it comes to paying war indemnities.
Princo Murat 's palace is now general
ly referred to as the "white house."
President Wilson has a new calling
card. It reads "The president of the
u. S. A. The one he uses in Washing
ton reads "The President."
By Jane Phelps.
BRIAN A TETJB PROPHET.
ME UND BILL.
Pm.glad I said, "I won't be kaiser," when . I was
asked, upon a time; Bill took the job, but I was wiser, and
went on writing deathless rhyme. Bill took up lodgings
in a palace, that glittered like a sheet of steel; he drank
beer from a golden chalice, and had a pie at every meal.
His name was known from the Nyanzas up to the farthest
wastes of snow; while I went on producing stanzas that
brought me twenty cents a throw. He had a boom that
was surprising, a sway no mortal king deserves, and
meaner monarchs watched him kaising, and tried to im
itate his curves. Great was his state, and great his splen
dor, but he would have them greater still, and he remark
ed, "I'll bust a fender, or be the whole world's ruler, Bill."
While I, a bard of poor condition, sang madrigals for
pork and beans; the limit of my pale ambition was pink
checks from magazines. Tonight I'm sitting in my shanty,
my conscience working as it should; for gents like Shakes
peare, me and Dante, have done no harm if little good.
And Bill is sitting in the shadow, an outlawed, sick, sore-
hearted chump; he thought to reach an El Dorado, and
only reached the nearest dump. All worldly splendors
I'm despising; 1 love this hut I call mv own; I m glad l
didn't take up kaising, when Prussia- offered me the
The United States had declared war.
WhaJ; had led up to this declaration, is
now an old story: too old to repeat here.
Brian Hack eft's excitement was intense.
Tho niirht the papers ' proclaimed in
black headlines that Uncle Sam had de
cided to join tho allies, ho never slept
a wink, neither did he allow Ruth to
do so. Ho talked all night long.
'We will surely win, but it's going
to be a still fight, Ruth. Lots of men
who go over never will como back. But
we'll whip 'cm, sure as I'm a Yank.
Gee! but I'm glad we're in it at Inst.
I must got down early. I don't want
mv narao at the foot of the list of men
volimtcflring- I should bo ashamed to
look in tho glass if I wasn't some
where near the top or the lino.
"What am I to do, Brian?" Kuth
had listened to his ravings very quiet
ly. He had talked for such a long time,
nml not ono word of her. his sorrow at
leaving her, hor lonlincss when he should
be gone; or tho anxiety sho would suf
'Go right along doing just what you
are doing now, course. That is what
makes it possiblo for me to go your
being able to lake care of yourself."
Brian did not intend to be cruel, but
nevertheless ho was. Ruth shivered, and
hot tears welled up in her eyes. That
was all tho thought he had tor her.
Sho was capable of earning her living;
let her do it, wns his attitude.
'I shall worry so, Bnnn.
"Nonsense! Think of the poor women
who can't earn money like you can,
whose husbands will have to go. ion
won't hear them whining. I'll bet."
"Im not whining 1 am frightened.
'Frightened at whntf"
'For fear you won't eomo back."
''What's tho odds if I don't? Home
of us are bound to get ours; it better
bo mo thiui a man with a fiimily of
Ruth oponod hor lips to say some
thing, closod thorn tightly again. Thon
"Oh, Brian, don't talk like that."
"It's the truth." Then: ''1 wonder
what branch of service I am best adapt
ed for rather, where they neod me the
most. I wish I know, I can hardly wait
until morning, I tell you, Ruth, the lit
tle old U. 8. A. will astonish those fel
lows over there. Not only the Germans
whom we are going to wipe off the
map, but the Allies. Really none of the
foreiim nations have the slightest idea
of what a big boy Undo Sam is, and
what a tow he can kick up when lie
makes up his mind to scrap. They think
we are a nation of money -bragbers.
They will get a few eye-openers. They
will find wo are a nation of fighters."
' I know, Brian, but you must stop
thinking and talking and go to sleep.
You will be worn out with all this ex
citement " Ruth, as was usual in such
matters, thought only of him. That he
was also keeping her awake, that she
would be tired and feel unlike her
work th next day, meant nothing as
compared to big well-being.
'l can't sleep. Holy smoke! How any
American can sleep tonight, I don't
ace. To think that at last we are to
do our part! I have envied those Can
adians and those Englishmen more
than I have envied anyone in all my
life. It made me almost sick to hear
them talk. Wait until I hunt soma of
them up in the morning! 111 tell them
Crowds continue to gather nt every
appearance of President and Mrs. Wil
son. The latter always remains in the
background until led forward by the
president. At the height of the dem
onstrations she frequently turns from
watching tho crowds to observe her hus
band with unconcealed, wifely admir
a thing or two about Uncle Sam now
I couldmit before. They thought we
wore afraid not of our skins, but of
our pocket-books. Those same pocket
books will help win the war and don't
you forget it! It takes money, slathers
of it, to raise an army; and think of
the ships we will . hhvo to have, and
the food. Why, Ruth, we are so far
away it will tax the wealth of the
richest nation in tho world to got our
boys overseas. But we'll do it! And
we'll do it so quickly that we'll aston
ish the natives."
"Oh, Brian," Ruth laughed a bit
hysterically, "Do quiet down. You'll
be sick," she didn't add, ''so will I,"
but sho felt like it.
'Not on your, life! no ono gets sick
because they arc happy."
''Are you bo happy J" her voice trem
bled, although sho tried to hold it
"You bet I am! I shall be of some
use at last- It will be a very comfort
ing feeling that I am earning my own
living, and living on what I earn; even
though I live in tho trenches on thirty
dollars a month."
Ruth mado no reply. But sho bit her
lips until they bled. Should she toll
him? No! that last bitter speech de
cided her. ho would keep her secret.
(Tomorrow Under Orders)
Influenza Ban Again
Closes Monmouth Meetings
(Capital Journal Special Service)
Monmouth, Dec. 18. Monmouth is
again under tho influenza ban. The
1 1.1 1 -.3 il. - -di...l a!
uui-n uuiu ouiurimy aim me siuuent
body dance scheduled for Saturday ev
ening at tho Normal gymnasium were
both called off. Church services were
held in the morning but there was no
service in the evening. The Normal
and training schools were dismissed
Monday noon and- tho high school will
probably bo closed also. Five cases of)
influonza are reported at the domitory
among the student teachers who have
boon teaching in Independence. Dr.
Bowersox states that these cases are
all very mild and that there have been
no new cases among the townspeople
for tho past two weeks, tho several
cases of grippe are reported.
Mrs. Sarah A. Evans of Portland, a
well known club woman of Oregon, was
a recent visitor at the Normal, occu
pying tho chapel period with a most
interesting and helpful talk on the na
tionalizing of tho foreign eloment. The
thoughts sho gave wero inspired by
Robert H. Shauffer's boe.ni. "The Molt-
jing Pot." The United States, she said,
I was the "melting pot" that has ceas
jed to "molt," and she quoted atatia
I tics to prove the truth of the statement.
Ray Baker, an alumnus of tho Nor
mal, was a pleasant visitor on the cam
pus, and fin interesting speaker at the
high and training schools Wednesday
of last week. Mr. Baker has recently
received his discharge from the offi
cers training camps for aviators at
Berkeley. He was welcomed with en
thusiasm by faculty and student body
and hia narrations of thrilling experi
ences in the life of an aviator held his
listeners spell bound. It was not an un
usual thing for a day's casualty list to
number a doaen and the average daily
death rate from practice flights and
maneuvers wa about thm. Most ac
eidents, he said, occurred while the
landing was being made. He received
a part of hi training at Kelly field,
San Antonio. After a year of military
life Mr. Baker proposes taking up
teaching again and will probably take
a school in the near future.
Word was received br Mr. and Mrs.
Albnzo Moore, late Sunday evening
that their son, iloyd, of Dallas, who
has been very ill of pneumonia, ds now
improving rapidly. He was able to be
brought down stairs tor a part of the
day and sat up long enough to shave
Sam Morrison who had the misfor
tune to have hia Ford taken by thieves
last week, has information as to the
whereabouts of tho remains. Sheriff
Orr was set on the trail and has final
ly located the ear in the vicinity of
Rose-burg. The thieves have not been
caught as yet but it is pretty well
known who they are and the authori
ties are still on the trail. As Mr. Mor
rison has not yet returned with the
car, thtr" amount of damage is not
known to aiiyono here.
COMPANIES HAVE BIG
4 BILLION RESERVE
Insurance Commission Says
No Danger Of Them Be
The 45 life insurance companies do
ing business in Oregon hold a reserve
of $4,507,431,638, which is ample to
meet all claims which may arise on ac
count of deaths due to the war and
the influenza epidemic, points out In
surance Commissioner W ells in a state
ment issued to allay the fears of policy
holders who thought that the companies
might become insolvent. The state
'The mortaliay due to war service
lias been so little above the normal
that a number of the life insurance
companies have already announced that
they will pay all such claims in full,
regardless of whether permits for such
service had been secured or not, and
will return all extra premiums receiv
ed for war servico permits,
'Such companies are 'mueji more
concorned ovor the great loss of life i
throughout this entire -eountry from
the iufluenza epidemic. Iu some of the
larger cities the mortality from this
plague reached the proportion of 7.4
per 1,000 of the population, covering
period ot nine weeks only:
"Many policyholders are expressing
concern as to the security of the com
panies in which their life insurance is
placed. They inquire if the reserve
held by such companies are adequate
to care for such emergencies! I am
pleased to be able to advise them that
life insurance as transacted by the legal
reserve emnpanie ojieratin in this
state makes ample' provision for such
emergencies. Their rates are based upon
mortality tables derived from the ex
perience of life insurance companies
covering a period of many years. Epi
demics were formerly more frequent
than now and no less virulent so the
experience from which our present tab
les of life insurance rates were formu
lated must have included similar experiences-
"lafe insurance companies, for fur
ther safety of their policy holders,
maintain a surplus of undistributed
funds to provide for any emergency.
The forty five life insurance compan
ies transacting business in this state
held reserves for maturing their out
standing policies amounting to $4607,
431,658 at the elose of last year.
"To protect this reserve from im
pairment by epidemics or otherwise,
By COL. JOHN H. CRADLEBAUGH
Life is an ocean deep and wide
And men he ships that plow its tide;
' One of its shores is called the
The other boundary ii8 the Thence.
Desire and Passion, Love and Hate,
Greed, Friendship, Treachery alternate
To make its weather foul or fair,
A treacherous sea;' to some a snare
That lures but to destroy, yet still
The creature of the Master's will.
For semo fair breezes blow alone
And every sail draws taut and fair,
With tropic islands here and there,
(Luxuriant, verdairt, odor-blown,
With coral reefs, their white sands
By languorous waves of amethyst.
The air seems quivering with delight
And pleasure grows go exquisite
It turns to pain. Such voyages
Are for tho few. 'Not such as these
May come to all. Tha fogs of Chance
The dnngerous shoals of Ignorance
Wreck some, aye, most, while oth- '
In Passion's storms that sweep the
And send the tumbling masts and spars
To mingle with the billow's wars.
My life has been of both, Alas!
How swift tho hours of Pleasure pass;
How fly the yearg on silent wing
When Momug laughs and Sirens sing,
And Bacchus pours tho golden wane,
Filling Life's goblet to the brim,
And Beauty, in itself divine
And pure as Love's own cherubim
Youth 's heart to estacy awakes
Until the soul of Music sings
So joyous to Love's vibrant strings
That from pure joyousness, it breaks.
Hqw drag tho lingering minutes when
Around our bark the tempest drives
And Furies shrieking for our lives
Drive the wind-spirits from their don,
The fierce wind-spirits of the north,
And not a -single star shines forth;
When darkness is as of the tomb
And every ray of -hope is gone,
And dark, impenetrable gloom
Apparently defies the dawn.
Hours drag into eternities
When souls encounter storms like these.
How sweet, how infinitely gweet
When the wild hurricane is past,
To hear the soft wavos rythmic beat
Upon a friendly shore at last.
To find the haven of old agb,
To have at last a sweet content
When storms come not, nor billows rage
And days in quietness are spent,
And tho wild passions of our youth,
Tho hopes, the fears, the loves, the
The disappointment and the tears
Have vanished, and but peace remains.
they had surplus funds of $211,133,369,
over and above all liabilities.
"These companies carry insurance
for Oregon citizens amounting to $147,-
213,529, and our successful domestic
company adds $12,640,922 to this
amount. In addition to this, the Fra
ternal Benefit societies had insurance
for our citizen amounting to $94,991,
053, with reserve funds of $62,285,876
m hand to care for their contracts. It
is not believed these societies will suf
fer so heavily from the .epidemic as in
State House Notes
tics wil lbe continued until after the
Washington, Doc. 18. The American
legation at Bucharest, Rumania, has
been robbed, apparently by Germans,
with a loss of more than $100,000 in
goods, according to a state department
(vice this afternoon. Minister Vo
picka found the place badly ransaek
ed when he returned there from Jassy
TRIAL BESTS TODAY
Chicago. Dec. 18. Thft o-mrnrTimniit
expected to rest today in the trial of
socialist leaders on charge of espion
With the receipt of 11 new patients
at the Oregon state hospital yesterday,
all previous records for incoming pa
tients were broken. Seven of the new
patients came from Portland, ond one
each from Salem, Roseburg, Jackson
ville and Coquille. The total popula
tion of the institution is now 1704.
"Oregon highway bonds will be ac
eepted as department deposits at mar
ket value," said Insurance Commission
er Harvey Wellg in a telegram sent to
dav to Now York in response to an in
quiry. Ia other words insurance com
panies operating in this state, which
are required to deposit certain amount
of securities with the insurance depart
ment, may buy Oregon highway bonds
and deposit them.
Teachers' examinations, which ware
scheduled to be held beginning today,
have been postponed in nine counties
on account of the influenza, according
to announcement made today by J. A.
Churchill, superintendent of publie in
struction. The counties are Polk. Yam
hill, Douglas, Coos, Jackson, Jefferson,
Harney, Grant and Wallowa. In these
counties the examinations will be held
next February, and all certificates
which expire this month in those eoun-
Don't live on the reputation
of the reputation you
might have made.
first made their reputation.
Now they're keeping it.
Choice tobacco well blended.
A mouthpiece to keep it out
of the mouth. A maia paper
wrapping, ine whole