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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1918)
Weather Report 2
4c Oregon. Tonight and Friday
- rain west, rain or anew east
portion; warmer tonight east '
portion; strong' southerly wind
" " ,
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 294.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OK TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FTVE CENT8
Mb. m t - ra.-.n -nil? u
Government Ownership For This Period Would Give Fair
Test Of Mot Sation Could Do. Fight To Keep Wireless
Systems Under Government Control Is Beginning Today.
Opponents Say Issue Will Be Test Of
PROVIDE POSITION S
MmPRESIDENT WILSON TO ,
WAIITS TO KKOW U.
S. RUSSIAN POLICY
Secretary Lane's Plan Is To
Reclaim Arid, Swampy And Demands Answers To Qnes-
Washington, Dec. 12. A request for)
immnil iatrt n nti in liw inn rr mua nn .4a .
v" 8 - v" "v i i enra a nAiff iTtmimr nn
Irctary Lane', plan for reclamation of AjK J AdMU 1 NUI'lLft Iff
tions So Americans May Re
Advised, He Says.
i arid swaaiu and cut-off land, including
Washington, Dec. 12. Eventuul ffov-jjg the hoUM fis a .test of atrength' an appropriation of not less than $50,
.ornnient ownership would result froiujon t)le wnoie ownership question. j 000,000, will be presented soon, it Was
Director General McAdoo's plan for a) Tho wircicgs wag tft0 first means of intimated today at tho department of
evo year exrcusion or reaerai ranroau ..im,lni.Mnn tak nTer b the ov..tno interior.
operation, according to belief in thoirrmucnt Rftcr the outbrcak of thc war(
nnitnl innuv. .... r. ... -r-. i .. a n
wvauwj fmuf . - ' i turv Bnkr have declared there Is a
-to Senator Smith, South Carolina and) t nocessity for government con
If lobs aro to be provided ij recla
mation work for returning Hc.iliers a
definite program must be mapped out
at once, it was said.
itopresentative Sims is endorsed ly,"ro 0 th0se facilities than either in-! While it is considered improbable that
Vresident Wilson. It contemplates teat-;jan(l wire 0r cabteSi , i tho present session will result in the
ing government control for five years y.. thcg0 factj in naml( 8(jvocatos necessary appropriations, interior - de
fter peace is declared. Either ua of overnment ownership say they may partment officials say they have beea
should lje done, he says, or the railroads gs wol) quit uow-;f tnCT cannot keep ntsured a sufficient number of republi
irtioiild be given back to-private control;.. ,. . ffOVnment hands. If thev cans and democrats are friendly to th
win it will encouraire them to try the proposed measure to see it through
telcirranh and telephone lines, thc ca- t the special session expected to fol
bios, and finally tho railroads. ,
PEACE MACHINERY AT
quickly as possible.
Would Give Fair Test.
HcAdoo pointed out financial read
justment and conflicts between state
mid federal jurisdiction make it uitri-
cult to continue government control for-
.a short time and do justice to the roads.
4The five veur Deriod. he holds, would
permit cf ptopor financing without the
i resent liuiitatious and would give the
notion what he says it is entitled to
fair test of such control undor nor
Experts on ifcHroads declare his sys-
J.un miir.it tii. i:i u icnrll tinnr nnaflAB-
ed by broader , socialized ciews thaal "
-Over before, would certainly lead t' , .
novernment ownership. These autliori- .f"0"gjJH J gngfS rilled
wa oil j vn unit. 11 l wr t i " vi an
(propoily demonstrated in war times, for
tfio.1 costs went by the board sacri
ficed lor speed and other consideration
Kellogg Presents Letter.
Bonator Kellogg, Minnesota, today
deolweu Director General McAdoo in
trying to "put over government owner-
. i a . 11 : i. ,
jKt " "K " ,' "l t a-standstill, pending.rival of
WL IIIU n DKJltt.AU IJWW IWt, IXVltUg . , -t-i:T
meaning of McAdoe'a,1 !lslut"" ""B0U-
ARRIVAL OF WILSON
Doings Of President But
TeJ Little Of Conclave.
' By WilUam PhiUp 6imii. .
(United rrcss Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Dec. 12. Tho peace macainory
Irrigation Projects in West.
Secretary Lane's plans coll for vast
government irrigation projects in the
west, for the clearing of extensive
tracts of cut over timber lauds in vari
ous sections of the country, and for the
drainage and clearing of large swamp-
He proposes to put as many soldier.
TROOPS MOW IN RUSSIA
Also Concerning Mianee Of
By L. 0. Martin
(United Press staff corrfspondctit)
Washington,- Dei. 12. Senator Hi-
rain Johnson, California, today intro
duced in the senate a resolution cau
ing on the state and war departments
for a franfc statement concerning:
1 The Unitod States ?over4iment'
policy in Buasia.t
2 Operations ef Anneriein troops in
Russia. . . ,
Th resolution would call on the
state department to "send to the sen
ate all data, documents and informa;
tinn ahnwini? at bearing uoob our prcs
it.1i Russia, as to Deace
as may uesirc vf lul" "" " t, . ,i .. ij,.
.. . -j y t or war. so that tire senate and the na
rue joo at per uay eucn xur cumrnuu - . . . . fc .
' --r: - :. ...
. . . . .i ..j-ino(iB onr soiuiors aro in
vvnen tuo lana is ciearca auu mnu,' . f ty,a D,Brr,mRnt
wnub is tuo ."v
li elared. if the
n quest io CDiiijrcsd lor a five year ea
iO'Mioti cf (jve.fuu.ifnt control.
1'ellogg, .1 liicmbt4- of the senate in
leistate )1.4nieree committee, presented
McAdoo's 1' Iter to congressional loan
em, outlining the puin with the state
ment that it is a most remarkable
document co'itim.; j.o soon after Presi
dent Wilson to'd congress he had no
plan for solution of the railroad prob
lem. Now we are given a thoroughly
thought out plan, which McAdoo say
li is the approval of the president."
Wireless Fight Stars.
Washington, Dec. 12. Tho much dis
cussed government ownership fight
siarted m congress today.
Tho first skirmish in the battlo that
it. expected to last through tho remain
kr of 'Ms congress and the life of tho
net, comes on n bill to give the gov
Even informal preliminary conferen
ces havo been abandoned until tho Am
erican executive can be heard person
. Newspapers of all shades p'f political
affiliation agree that Wilson's influ
enco will bo enormous. Little is being
published at present regarding the
peace congress itself, but columns arc
being devoted to President Wilson, his
principles and his attitude.
Cannot Foresee Friction.
The Temps declares it cannot foresee
any friction between Washington, Lon
don Eome and Paris. It says the ac
cord winch has existed since Airrca's
entry into tho war will continue until
peace is assured. This unanimity, it
holds, will expedite the work of the in-tcr-alli(.u
conferences. There is some
rivalry anions the various uoliticsl fac-
j tions as to which shall tnko the lead
ready for habitation and cultivation it
is. to bo made available for settlement
by tho soldiers nd to bo paid for from
in mfare-iiRa to Eussia."
ft would direct the war department
'to advise the senate of the numbor
by tho soldiers and to be paid for from l f .. . . . . troops in Rus3ja their
- J - Ji i . iLn.,!!. nn(a V" . .
location and their operations, togciner
with any lists of casualties which thoy
in unench on tho resolution, Sen
ator Johnson propounded ft long list
of questions to which he declared the
'American, poople have th right te de
mand answers,: hocause "an ..extraor
dinary amount of misinformation about
Russia" has Deen given- uui,
The Question, follow:
"1 fn it true that the soviet gov
ernnient offered to tho American gov
ernment a basis of co-opeialion, eco
nomic and military, and sought the
help of tho American government to
prevent tho ratification of tho shame
ful treaty of Brest and tUt.t the Am
erican government never replied to
tfiiment ownership and control of the! in welcoming Wilson. Posters have
v ircie.-s systems of the country. been circulated by the luborites and so-
tiecretaiy of the Navy Daniels and cialists, appealing to the people to wel-
Cuptain Todd, chief of the radio nu
vnl service, are to come before the com
mittee lo explain fully their reasons
for- requesting introduction of the
measure, which was fathered by Repre
sentative Alexander, Missouri, chair
man of the merchant marine committor.
Ofifciuls of the Marconi company
and others interested in keeping t!io
come Wilson as an advocate of their
particular brud of principles. The
Temps objects to this attitude ou tho
ground that Wilson is the guest of all
trance. , -'
"Ho is the guest of no party, no fac
tion, no man," the newspaper said
"As ft huh uf great ideals of justico
and liberty, who has touched the heart
period of forty years or thereabouts.
Lane also plans government aid in per
mitting the soldior-farmer to obtain
modern farm machinery, housing and
the necessary farm livestock and poul
try. , - . ' ,
Has Made Surrey.
The TCclHinSjtion - service already has
made a preliminary autvey of the lands
that can be reclaimed and these aro cs
timated af between 15,000,000 and 20,
000,000 acres. ' :
It is estimated that the proposed
reclamation work will provide employ
ment for every roturncd soldier who
cannot find other work and also that
most of the men can be employed in
their home states.
GO ASHORE TOMORROW
BETWEEN 1 AND 3 P. M.
FIRST FOREIGN HOME OF
WILSON IN READINESS
Prince Murat's Residence Has
Been Arranged With Care
For President's Coming.
By Margaret Kobe '
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris Dec 12-Waxed and garnished by
thq united hands of the poUus and the
doughboy. JPrinee Murat'a sumptuous
residence at .28 Hue Moncrau is now
ready as the first foreign home of a
president of the United States.
AH of tho wonderful paintings and
priceless tapestries which were remov
ed during the bombardment of ris Grcuze
have now been restored. Whun the first salon, auge Btate
rtmil IUU U'm!T U I Iff B-4a U true that the
Willi I'll! I II VII "II I Klidcnt,
definitely refused intervention
lady of the land becomes the tempo
rary chatelaine, ehe will enjoy the mag
nificent : surroundings of the days of
The private apartments of President
and Mrs. Wilson are on the second floor
They are reached by an imprewive
white marble atairease from a whito
marblo entrance hall. Tho walls along
the stairway are of vari-colored mar
ble excopt the top landing, which is a
vast sheet of mirror.
Opening off the central hall comes
first a small private study It contains
a charming inlaid desk where the pres
ident may work if he can, facing a
wonderful painting of Cupid and Psy
che, almost filling the entire wall
above the bookcases.
Library In Crimson
' Next comes a large library decorat
ed in crimson damask. In it are many
paintings and busts of iNapoleon. .
Adjoining the library n tho presi
dent's) sleeping apartment,, whieh al
so filled with innumerable relics, en
gravings and paintings of the famous
rmperor. Tho Inoat striking feature of
this room is a wonderful empire bed.
AU. tho furniture consist of exquisite
examples of the Empire peiiod, though
the charm necessarily 5b broken by the
anachronism of a real American desk
telephone, on the Empire stand near
.Scarcely perceptible panels in the
walls of snge green brocade at both
ends of tho bed, lead, with tho old al
luring secrecy and charm characteris
tic of all well regulated French pal
aces, into Mrs. Wilson s apurimuiu.
rooms. The president's is done in ivory
hi, wife a in French, grey. These, hap-,
pily, are all in the 1918 poriod of com
fort, luxuriousnesg and sanitation.
There are unique eolleotions of por
celains, ivory, prints and paiutings in
the charming boudoir. ,
Small family salons and a dining
room are on th sane floor. ' ,
: General Color Scheme
The general coIot scheme U crimson.
The walla aro of brocade and tho car
pets are velvet.
On the ground floor tho fotmal apart
menta are ornamented with - crystal
chandeliers, mirrors, taprBtricg and
paintings, among which are many
heads. The tau room, gronn
dining room and
10 PAY FULL ALLIED
WAR DEBT, IS BELIEFiSHHHSfS
' i.,..n. Hint to intervene in Sioeru
thC; whore Madame La l'rcsidento will
Officials Declare That British
Demand For Paying Off
Debt Is Election Talk.
By Carl D. Qrat
(United Press staff correspondent)
wireless in private hands will be called C all humanity, he is tho guest ol nt; bo asked to pay the
Washington, Dec. 12. Cieinmny will i' empires?
was desirable or possible, tn.cn waa u.j horgolf flt homo in the mi(ftt o(
time to intervene, before the rigors or iRt,B
starvation, the red terror oi i uu.ij hrocado cupids and garlands
of golden hue.
Mrs. Wilson's Apartment
The colorings throughout are of tho
gold and grey. Tho bod has a panel
of fairy like fillet lace as a background
to the canopy at the head
Easy chairs and a chuise loungo of
brocade invite relaxation from social
strain. A perfectly appointed writing
table stands between two long windows
which overlook the rear of the beauti
ful park that surrounds the house to
tho extent, of a city block. This, in the
he art of 1'arisl
Off the presidential b:d chambers
are large dressing rooms and bath
kitchen aro all of rogaUproportions. .
The third floor is reserve! for other
member of the family suite. Besides
bed chambers, it contains offices and
various work rooms. .
IF PEACE IS DELAYED
WILSON MAY MAKE US
SECOND TRIP ACROSS
it , , ..us. '
If Treaty Is Not SigsedBy
March When Congress Con
venes He Will Return;
I All flu
George Washington to Receive
Presidential Salute Of
FRENCH GOVERNMENT TO
GIVE OFFICIAL WEC0LIE
!'-n,.M bo "doing in tho east exactly
what the Germans were dnng in the
west' and would subject America and
tho allies to tho same suspicion on thc
part of th- Russian peopb
About Bed Cross
"3 Is it true that the Russian sov
iet government offered a riagram for
making America the most favored for
eign nation in trade and commerce and
Involving thc control by tfe : ai es o
nil IhllSU StimUK'S ""US!, ui.b.hu -v
Will Attempt to Kill BiU.
While, opponents of government own
ership will undoubtedly make a show
of trying to kill the bill in committee,
tJiey arc known to be eager to get it
France. It. would bignallv reduce tho war
imon.:;.ce of hip vicit and ask com
promising .nfluentcs if he wero repre
sented as tho champion of any party
K'jtiabble. It marks a great'step in cit-
iliitert society. "
For Men At Camp Lewis
Taeotna, Wash., Dec. 12. Drill for
men of the 1.1th division at Camp Lew-
is was cut to six hours dailv beirin-
ninl;- today. Night work in the bar
racks has been discontinued.
However, a three woeks compulsory
education course has been inaugurated
.at. Camp Lewis to equip soldiers for
bnsinss life and to aid them m deter
mining what occupations they will pur
sue upon leaving thc army.
Every soldier must attend lectures on
thc fundamentals of citizenship, com-
Ar.ie Small is workin' at llog Island
an cam-in' his dinner in a cash box
When a woman S3vs soniethin' wouldn'
Miirise her che means that it would
debt as Lloyd-Oeorgr has advo
cated provided - President Wilsons
principles obtain ,in the paaec confer
ence. Officia's here privately declare much
of the Uiitish talk of making Ocmnany
jpav this enormous debt Lloyd-Oeorgo
Mtimates it at 12O,0ft,0O0,0O0 is
I election talk. The American govern
ment believes Oeruiany will be about
"cleaned" financially when she is
,done with paying merely thc restora
tive indemnities to be asked of her fpr
Belgium, northern Franco and else
where. . tierniany will bo working for the al
lies a long time ahead and will pay in
the sweat of her orow, in lowered liv
ing conditions and in taxes on all for
her brutality and the suffering her
autocracy imposed upon the rest of
Believes in Stern J'istice
President Wi'non believes in a stern
justice for Germany.
Neither he nor anv oilier American
initio. ill 1 o u" fiiiAiiriniina ivnm II nil lrtrt- !
dred subjects to be given at the Y. M. ; otllc w' eru.,
territorial readjustments vinl rt ora-
I tive indemnities.
But .President Wilson hit, declared
C. A., Knights of Columbus and Jewish i
hi Ta it trao that renins
a i?..il 'ios remaned in
vi,.t Russia until October in pc
.... ,,nr1 rensonable comfort
ouit.j - - ....;., -
after we had interveneu-aui. .;--
troops were fighting tno soldiers of
the soviet government and that the
last members of the original American
Red Cross mission to Bunsia left Mos
cow on the fifth of October and Petro
grad on the sixteenth of October in
the safe conduct and sccunty ot o
protection of thc soviet government!
5 Is it true that the de).artincnt
of state hag refused to allow the Am
erican Red Cross to ship supplies to
Moscow and Potrograd for the relief
of the returning Russian war prison
ers from Oermany, sixty per coat of
whom are suffering from some form
of tuberculosis f
Ta it true that th - American
x; By Robert J. Bonder
(United Press Staff Correspondent,)
Aboard tho U, 8. 8. Goorgo 'Washing
ton, Doo. 10. (10 a. m.) (y Wireless
to tho United Press via Paris) If the
peace treaty is not signed before March
(when the now congress convenes) it
will be necessary for President Wil
son to return to the United States and
make a second journoy to Franco, was
tho belief expressed today. It was hop
ed. However, that this would not be
Tlii Cenro-a Wnshinirtnn rounded the
Azores this morning and started on her
last lap of tho voyage As the liner
passed Pont del Gadu a Portugese cruis
er fired a suluto. Tho Goorgo wasiiing
off the fort
President and Mrs. Wilson stood on
the deck and watched the maueiuera
of tho war ships and getting their first
plimpsc of land in a week. The presi
dent will give a dinner tonight to
French Ambassador JusserUnd, Italian
Ambassador Ccllere, Secretary of Ktuto
Lansing and Henry Whife,( republican
member of tho American pence delega
Miss Margaret Wilson Accom
panied By Other Americans
Will Come Aboard.
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press Staff Correspondent.';
Brest, Franco. Dee. 12. The Georgo
Washington, bearing President Wilson
and his party, -was six hundred miles
out .from Brest whon she last reportei
by wirulesa at midnight. The big steam
or waa making only IS knots, owing to
the heavy seas, but was expected to ar
rive on schedule, Friday afternoon as
the result of her shortened course.
There wbb a heavy fog -and, a. d'ia
r of rain off shore. .
The present weather Is anything t-nt
fitted' for a eclebration but Friday
fall, on the 13th, the president's lucky
number, and Americans here are bet
ting It will clear up.
According to present plans, Wilwm
will como ashore botween 1 and &
o'clock tomorrow afternoon. U delega
tion of socialists, headed by Albert
Thmnns, Mayor Goodo of Brest and oth
ers will greet him when ho lands.
Welcomed by French.
Previously, ho will bo welcomed
aboard the George Washington hy For
eign Minister Pichon, Mnrino Minister
Lcygues and Andre Tardiou.
Colonel House, General Bliss, Gener
al Pershing, Admiral Benson and Ad
miral Wilson also will board tne sww
ied. Then four destroyers off ? ""'""K8 K1"! W
,t squadron, which had arrived Ending of tho party. Margaret WJ-
10 OCCUPY BQHJ
EITHER, IS REPORT
U.S. POST OFFICE
Service Between San Francis
co And Seattle Soon To Be
Eiilsnte To Send Troops To
Prussian Capital For Po
Cologne. Dec. ll(Dclaycd.) The
entente will send troops to Berlin for
ambassador and the British high coin-jlnB purpose of policing the city, it was
TRANSPORT ON WAT
Washington, Dec. 12. The
transport Martha Washington'
left France December 9 with
110 officers and 16o3 men, be
sides 53j wounded and sick en
listed men and 33 casuals. The
personnels aboard follow:
38th division, G A.D.H.E.8.
llfith field artillery, head
quarters company and 118;h
officials here are correctly informed,
he will oppose the Lloyd-Ceorge plan
of seeking to make ticrmany pay thc
Lloyd-George will have hrarty up-
l port from the president in seeking to
Concrete evidence of thU snpport is
seen in the fact that the war depart-
ment has privately let-N congressmen
know that at present there is no plaa
'for universal military training in this
!country. Oermany is soon to face a
revUion of the srmintiee terms. Thv
limit expired yesterday. The revised
'version probably will vary only slightly
from the one previously in effect.
missioner in Kussia Tecun.inenueo. co
operation with the soviet government
through the American railroad com
mission, that the soviet' government
invited this cooperation and promised
control of the Hiberian railway, to be
placed in the hands of this mission and
these recommendations wero refused
bv the American government largely
bwaiute of misinformation received
through the Creel committee, support
ed by leaders and representatives of
th? old regime in Russia?
"1 is it true that reiucai 01 ineso
recommendations prevented the evac
uation of large amounts of munitions
and war supplies from thc western
front that subsequently were captured
by the Germans in their advance after
the Brest negotiations had failed!
Commission to Eurfia
"8 .Is it true that thc Britixh high
commissioner sent to Busa.a after the
bolsheviki revolution, because of his
reported here today.
Continued on page six)
Persistent reports have come from
Germany, particularly Cologne, to the
effect that thc a'lies arc planning mil
itary occupation of the German capi
tal. Each of these reports has been of
ficially denied by Washington.
Paris, iJi'C. 12. Allied occupation of
Berlin is not contemplated at present,
the United Pre,, was informed today
by a high officer who vtry elose to
"Tho rooorts from Berlin that the
allirs nmv occunv the cU- are tho re
sult of an attempt to leal the allies
into revealing their intcnt'ons regard
ing possible extension of their march
into Germany," the official declared.
"But entry into 'Berlin would be
dangerous unless it were undertaken
by a hundred thousand men. No such
action would be taken, witaout the Ut
Sacramento, Cat. Dec. 12. Licuten
ant A. jr. Hoglnurt, who late yesterdny
afternoon completed his flight from
Sacramento to Seattle and return, was
preparing today his report to tne com
manding officer at Mather Field.
Hogliind arrived over Haeramciito at
15. His trip was to investigate tho
feasibility of delivering mail between
the two cities by the air route.
Eureka., Cal., Dec. 12. Eureka began
tnitev preparing a landing field for an
airplane which is expected to stop h"-s
on a flight from Sacramento- to 1'ort
land carlv next week.
City officials weie notified that l-ien
tenant Colonel Emmons will start rn
flight from Madid Field.
Establish Service f oon.
8untle. Wash.. Lec. 12. Trnnscon
tm.'n:al mail by aii planes will become
a permanent and practical feature of
the postal sorvice, according to a report
from tne postotr.ee acpurimeni
Wnshingt-n, 1). C, tc Postmaster E;
gar Battle or f-iiiui, louay,
While socialist leaders and membera
of the chamber of deputies will await
the president on shore, the-official wel
come will remain in thc hands of thj
Ships Anchor in Line..
Nino French cruisers bonded by the
Admiral Ube, four, French destroyers,
Admiral Muyo' flagship, the Pennsyl
vania; Admiral Sims' flagship, the Wy
oming, the American dreudnaughta
Florida, tTtnh, Arizona, Arkansas, Hew
York, Nevada' and Oklahoma and a mint
bcr of American destisyers wiii anchor
in n double line. -
The George Wsiiington will proceed
down the lane between tho warships
receiving tho presidential salnto of il
guns from the French cruft. The liner
will then anchor "t the head of tho col
umn while the warships pnss in review.'
. When the president comes ashore a
brief ceremony will be held on the quay
After this the party wiil drive direct
ly to the railway station and entra.n
for Paris. They will not pas, through
the center of the town. The entire rout
to tho station will be lined with Auici
A company of poilus as a guard of
honor also will be present.
Captain Mack, 2:08,
Rneo horses seem to be in good de
mand at the present time. A man
named Harden of Goldendale has born
making some purchases at e""d Pri.W!
in this part of the state, and Mr. Kline
of Indianapolis seems out after tho
fust horses we have in urcgim. jv
cently he purchased the well known
young trotter Captain Mack, from Fred
Woodcock of this city, paying $5000
for him, a pretty higli price for an
Oregon horse. Captnin Mack has a
track record of 2:08 and is supposed
to be able to ninke a mile in about 2:02.
OBSERVING HOLIDAY TODAY
Washington, Dea. 11. The senate
eemmittee investigating activities of
the German propagandists in this eonn
try today observed a holiday while Ma-
a tl.n itinnri entirm rre mr r.. u. iiuiueo, wuu ih
news that an aerial mail service bs-l probe prepared new evidonfe
tween Hcattb' '!; Saa Francisco
soon be cstKiilic'.td.
D?- PTOWU prrjmi ...... . .
wl.l Samuel Untermyer, New York law
yer, was expected to appu.i jtiubj.