Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, December 11, 1918, Image 1

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UUVU vukvvLnl IVJ 1
Weaker Report
Oregoa: Tonight and Thurs-
day unsettled, probably rain
or snow; moderate south to
west winds. '
Only Circulation in Salem Guar-
nteed by the Audit Bureau of
Kerensk;-Says France
tnglaMS)on tWan
Believes British And French
Would Impose Another
Brest-Litavsk Treaty.
als To Governments To
Remember Good Side Of
Russia's Part, Too.'
The following interview with Ker
eosky is the first uatiioritative state
ment of what tfce ici Euttia not tis;
lolslK,vil:i desires from the poaco
confetance. It' also purports to show
Kussia 's attituut tt ward t&e three lead--Jis
powers, ih. i b ruled States, oreat
Britain and l'rance. It was passed riy
tLo Briton couu.r.Tlie UnitetT Prcm
By 't'wiii Ilullingor
(Copyright 1918 by the United Press)
London, Dec. 11. Alexander Keren
Hky, former Russian premier, ecjHfd
u an interview with the United Press
today that Great Britniu and Fianco
ore opposing tho uuifiealion of Kussia,
because it would restoro her to her for
er international position. He appeal
ed to America. to prevent the "exploi
tation " of Russia.
"England and Fiance arc smelting to
(impose another Brest-l.itovsk upon litis
said Kerensky.
(Tho treaty by which the bolshevik!
Betrayed Russia to Germany was sign
ed at Brest-Litovsk.)
"I ask America, as paralyzed Rus
sia's true friend, to protect' her from
exploitation by her former allies.
"Fought Three Years for Allies."
'Kussia fought three venrs for tin
Allies. It was due to her'tlmt Ammi
md tune to prepare and administer the
knockout blow. Now the allies ought
to deal honestly with Russia. "
"When the Ruisiuu people, despite
the Brest-Litovsk treaty, were contin
uing their fight, they culled upon the
allies for military aid. This help rap
idly developed into an organized '
tempt to exploit Riifsia'B wealth, and
cut off Russia from Europo by a bar'
rier of tiny quasi independent slates
Thus ,they are completing the treaty
oC Brest-Litovsk, which Germany be
'The peace conference ought to ru.
nufc'e' the integrity of Russian tuiri--t'ny,
as it was before Brest-Lit ovak,
affording the opportunity fur a real so
(Continued on page two)
We don 't know why they 're called
Hi w'akir ix 'less it's Vau.sc they
tint lif. as imie Jest because a
c uple has g.it a chdinmv roudter it's
no sign they git along.
ToBs Made Honorary Mem
ber Of Royal Academy Of
San Liica While There.
By Henry Wood
(United Press staff corres ondent)
Borne, Dee. 10. (Delayed.) 1'resi
dent Wilson will arrive in Rome at 11
a. m. iK'cemoer 23, it was announced
today. " ,
Tho president will be th;- guest of
King Victor Emmanuel for three days.
A special performance of "The Bar
ber of Seville" will be given in the
Costanzi theater in Wilson's honor the
night of his arrival. The following day,
it is understood, he will visit Pope
(Benedict and Cardinal Gas-parri, papal
secretarr of state,
All the provincial capitals in the en
tire Piedmont region have decided to
make Wilson an honorary citizen.
Wilson also has been made an hon
orary member of the. Royal Academy
of San Lura. Other new honorary mem
bers are Ambassador Page, King Al
bert, Premier Clemcneei u, Premier
Lloyd-George, Foreign SicMavy Bill
four, French Ambassador Parrere, Pie
mior Orlando, Foreign Minister Son
nino, former Premier Salandra, Gener
al D'az, Admiral Di Revel and Due
Famous Newspaperman
Mentally Unbalanced
Portland, Or., Dec. 11. James W.
Foley, weil known, newspaperman and
poet, who attempted to commit suicido
here M nidny is on his way to Han Fran
cisco, his present home, this afternoon.
George Crowe, Foley 'steam mate in
Y. M. C. A. lecturing among the sol
diers lit various army cantonments of
the country, declared today that Foley,
as a result of his strenuous lecturing
efforts had suffered a nervous break
down. This caused his aberration of
yesterday, which started when he wan
dered from the Y. M. C. A. building
in the morning and ended when he
jumped into the Willamette river in
the afternoon. He was unconscious
when rescued.
That Foley was unbalanced yester
day is indicated by his rambling notu
which was found on the river bank.
It stated that his wife still loves him
(but that his "destiny is evil."
Friends had been trying for some
'time to get the lecturer to give up bis
Y. M. I . A. work, due to nis weaKenea
physical and mental condition, but he
refused, saying it was the only thing
he was aide to do for his country.
Foley formerly lived at Bismark, X.
Boston, Mass.. Dec. 11. Amid a
deafening uproar of whittles, sirens
ad bells, the White Star J r.er Canopie
with ltxi" men board, doi-ked at her
pier at Charlistown today.
The Canopie is the first ihip to briu
overseas troops back to Boston.
Large Portion Of West Bank
Of Rhine Also Held By
Allied Armies.
London, Dec. 11. The three bridge
heads to be occupied under the terms
of the armistice are now in the hauds
of the allies. -
French troops entered Mayence
(Mainz) yesterday. Previously the Am
ericans had reached Coblenz, the Brit
ish entering Cologne.
A large portion of the west bank of
the Rhine is now held by tho allied ar
mies. The Belgian and British are
along practically the whole course of
the river, from the Dutch bonier south
ward to Bonn. The Americans are on
the Rhine in their whole zcne of occu
pation, from Rolandseck to Trechting
hausen (about sixty mil.s.) Their main
force, however, still has to move for-u-Qio
DKnii .;iau i n
cupation of the sector immediately west
or Uoolenz. The 'French hove yet to
reach the west bank in a wide sector
between Karlsruhe and Mayence.
General March Assigns" ,
. More For Eady Convoy
Washington, Dec. 11. Assignment to
early convoy of 113 officers and 337(5
men of the following organizations was
aiinomiecd by General March today:
Meteorlogical section signal corps,&
OSth regiment, C. A. C, headquarters
with headquarters company and batter
ies A. B, C, D, E and F; 814th pioneer
infantry, first battalion with headquar
ters detachment, supply company and
medical detachments; K2nd and 174th
aero squadrons; 110th, 301st and 331s1
trench mortar hattorics.
Rome, Dec. 11. Henrik An
derson, American sculptor, will
present the ppace conference
drawings for a cap! to.1 of the
proposed league of nations. He
proposes that it be built either
in France oi Belgium.
London, Dec. II. John R. Clyne
British food controller, will be includ-'be
ed in the British delegation to the
peace conference, it was leirned today,
When the Red Cross Takes Your Christmas Dollar to France
- CAjSujJIg.
Courtesy of O. Leroy Baldrldge,
Workmen And Soldiers Coa
cede Supreme Authority To
Ebert's Government
Gtizens Fcrcei To Go About
Heavily Arnicd For Per
sona! Protection.
Berlin, via Amsterdam, Doc. 11.
Chancellor Ebert l as decided to form
a socialist army to offset the forces of
tho Spartacus group.
Concede Ebert Authority.
Amsterdam, Dec. 11. The workmen's
and soldiers' executive committee has
conceded supreme authority in Germany
to Chancellor Ebert's government, it
was reported in dispatches received
here today,
Ebort is thug believed to have been
provided with, sufficient strength to
hold down the spartacus group, waico is
overpowering sentries aud collecting
.The workmen's and soldiers' councils
aro losing popularity everywhere, es-
Vci'll'y .H'mnrf where conditions
aro reported to bo fearful. Many citi-
zeus there aro armed. The onlj- meat
is horse sausage. .
. A dispatch today from Munich said
that troops (whose affiliation is not
mentioned) have overthrown the work
moil's and soldiers' council thero. The
dispatch also repoiicd that Spartacu
siaus seized four newspaper offices.
Situation Growing Worse.
Berne, Dec. 10, (Night.) The situ
ation in Borlin is growing worse, ac
cording to a Wolff bureau dispatch
from that city today.
Workmen aro collecting machine guns
and munitions in tho suburbs.
The military commandant ii concen
tratiug troops but they arc not permit
ted in the streets, because of tho dan
ger of causing a conflict.
Tho workmen's and soldiers' commit
too demanded the arrest of Karl Lieb
necht aud Hosa ;, Luxemburg, radical
Attempt to Arrest Committee.
Berlin, Dec. 10. (Delayed.) A German-American
named Marten, who is
known hero as Merard, led the attempt
to arrest the executive committee of
the workmen's and soldiers' council, it
was learned hero today.
Washington, Dec. 11. Quantity pro
Iduction of "liberty fuel," the war de
partment's new substitute for gasoline
jtlmt can be manufactured and sold for
half tho present price of "gas" will
begun by private interests as soon
jas patents protecting the government
land the inventor can be obtained.
The Stars and Stripes, France.
Bolshevism Wi Not Gain An
Upper Hand, But Liberal
Socialism Is Imminent.
Washington, Dec. 11. While the
state department today doclincd to be
specific as to its information concern
ing Germany it intimated that condi
tions in that nation aro not as bad as
painted. .
This government is watching closely
the developments within Germany as
the time approaches for asombly of
the natisnal soviet congress TKJcdy,
as already pointed out, will set a dato
for elections. It probably will also un
dertake to lay down some basis for the
future of the nation.
Bolshevism probably wllV not gain
the upper hand in Germany, it ig felt,
but the outgrowth of tho present fer
ment is regarded as likely to be very
liberal socialism.
Conclave Will not Wait
It is doubtful that the peace confer
ence will wait upon formation of a
stabilized government in Germany be
fore making its. conclusions. If there
is an organization which ran conclude
a pence, it will go ahead with its
troaty, according to views here.
As for iRussia, it is said that there
will be representative Russians at Par
is, but no actual delegates, inasmuch
as. not even a de facto regime exists
in Russia to appoint delegates.
Hoheszollerns Aret
Having Moving Day
Amsterdam, Dec. 11 The Ho-
honzollerns aro leaving Ameron-
gen. Tho former kaisor and kai-
serin aro reported to have rent-
ed tho Castlo Do Monte near
Wageningen. A hundred work-
men are re-decorating the cas-
tie, which is ono of tho finest
in Holland. C S ' . V
Wilhelm has asked permis-
sion of Berlin to ship a great
quantity of furniture from
Potsdam. '
Wageningen is located on the
north bank of the Rhino ten .
miles from Wilhelm 's present
residence. '
New York, Dec. 11. The American
transport Kroonland docked at Hobok
en, carrying more than two thousand of
ficers and men, mostly wounded and
sick. Except for rough weather, tho
voyage was uneventful. A large number
of troops aboard were from New Eng
The transport Tenadores from Verdon
was reported to be nearing the harbor
with 832 men (medical cases not re
quiring special attention); 149 civilians
and SuO sacks of mail.
Tho former Whito Star linor Adriatia
is due to arrive in port tonight witl
2208 troops aboard.
I The amount of taxes to be raised
'for the conduct of tho city of Forest
(irove for 1919 is 14,000, the same as
I'm year.
French High Official Thinks That American Executive's
Interpretation Of Fourteen Points Will Make Their
Application Easier. Thinks Germany Should Enter
m. iviwiiuii uuvic xiuitlllicu iu .LilagUc
By John De Gandt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Dec. 11. Franco is in entire
agreement : with. President Wilson's
principles, a high French official, de
clared in an interview with the United
Press today. He added, however, that
tho American executive's interpreta
tion of his fourteen points will make
their application easier,
"Wo aro eagerly awaiting the arrival
of President Wilson," the official said
"1 desire to reiterate to the American
people that, despite all recent rumors.
Franco entirely agrees with President
Wilson 'b principles. , ,
"Clenienceau's democracy is Wil
son's) America's ideals aro those of
France: If wo do not talk about them
so much right now it is because wo
aro more impressed, by what tho Gor
minis have done in violation of them.
' ' We must first deal with the materi
al questions which are vitally impor
tant. It is for President Wilson to in
terpret his fourteen points after which
their application will be rendered eas
During Week In June Aviators
Flew Estimated Distance
- Of 30,0W00 Miles. "
Washington, De. 11. American ar
my ayiators in tho United States flow
an estimated distance of 30,000,000
miles in a single week, or. 12l3 times
tho distance around tho equator, s
This is one of the interesting facts
developed toduy In the annual report
by Major General William L, Keuley,
chief of military aeronautics. Ho point
ed out that aviators flew 407,999 hours
in the fiscal year as against 745 hours
in 1914 when tho United States scarce
ly had un aerial establishment.
Kenley reviewed that the allies wore
urgent in their recommendations for an
independent air service and that as a
result came appointment of Hucretury
Ryan and Kenley as the first reorgani
zation steps.
Aviation .Develops Rapidly.
Tho allied mission, bucked by tho
French premier, culled for 2000 planes
a month, a total of 0000 pilots and 00.
000 mocliaiiicisns. This was the fore
runner of the original 40,000,000 ap
propriation by congress for aviation.
Kenley pictured the nation as lament
ably lacking in 1914 in airplano knowl
edge and facilities.
In the two years thereafter, tho al
lies developed aviation remarkably in
stalling radio outfits, efficient photo
graphic, processes, made regular bomb
ing planes and developed engino effi
ciency to 000 horsepower.
The United Htates was without facili
ties at tho outbreak of the war, yet
did a remarkable work in developing
flyers, mechanics aud equipment, the
general indested. As against a person
nel of 05 officers and 1120 men at tho
outset, there were November 3 in air
service 14,230 officers and 121,707 men.
Armenians Massacred
By Retreating Of Turks
Washington, Dec. 11. More than .'10,
000 Armenians have been massacred in
renewed outing's of evacuating Turk
ish soldiers, diplomatic advices here
stated today.
Send Detachments.
All..,u II.,,. HI (ll,.,ivn,li(n All.
glo-Greek detachment landed in Con
stantinople, following the killing of a
Greek soldier, a dispatch from that city
reported today.
Calamares And Ascanius
Arrive Covered With Ice
New York. Dec. 11. Two more storm
Ibattcrod transports arrived in New
York harbor today,
I The Calamarei an American ship, car
;ricd 14 officers und 1473 men of the
'naval service. Tho vessel. 1 -ft Bordeaux
on December 1.
i Thn 'Itritiuh ti-fliiRiiort Ascrmins. from
j Liverpool, had 14 officer and 1427
men. Both vessels experienced bad
weather. They were completely cover
ed with ice having passed through a
1 , . . . . i . .1. ,. I I
severe rticei siorm outsiue mir nmuur.
Hood River county is taking steps to
construct a road to Lost Lake,
Must Pay In Full.
"We have already decided that Ger
many must pay in full for the damage
she has wrought. The amount is ind
teriuinnte at present. Demand for
more than reparation is the only possi
ble subject for differences of opinion.
"President Wilson is likely to ask
the allies to adopt measures enabling
Germany to maintain her economic lib
erty, which the allies will acecpt. But,
concerning the league of nations, Ger
many should enter a period of proba
tion before she is admitted to full mem
bership. The changes in German polit
ical conditions cannot be accepted as
proof of her good faith. Time only will
tell. , ,,.
1 ' We feel a natural reserve regarding
fricdom of the seas, owdng to- Greet
lli'iinin's insularity and the scope f
hor domains. ' But this should not ba
hard to settle. ' '
"Wo shall not try to change any pf
President Wilson's views, some of
which, are so phrased as to give rise to
various interpretations. These unoul),t
ndly will be cleared up."
Has Passed Beyond Range Of
Wireless Commuiiicaiion
Washington, Dec, 11. The presiden
tial steamer George ' WaAingion ap
peared today to have passe 1 leyond the
efficient range of wireless communi
cation with the United States and it
was stated at the navy department that
she is now entering the zone of com
munication with France.
Between four a. m. and five p. m.
yesiernay ine navy oepu unenc wae
out of touch with her and no direct
messages had been receive I i;p to early
this forenoon.
However, it was said thai she was in
communication with France aud that
messages would be relayed lack friiu
In View of Ponta Del Oado
Paris. Dec. 11. The steamer George,
Washington passed within view of
Ponta Del Gado yrsterday morning, ac
cording to a dispatch received from
I that city today. The forts unrding the
, harbor fired a salute.
Ponta Del Gado is the largest town
in the Azores, which are situated about
800 miles off the coast of Portugal.
Department Of Commerce
Flans Outlined In Annual
Report To Congress.
Washington, Dec. 11. Extensive
plans for expansion of the department
of commerce to meet demands of post
war foreign frrado promotion aro out
lined in tho annual report of the do
rpurtment of commerce sent to congress
by Secretary Kedfield today.
New commercial attaches, traveling
and resident trade commissioners and
statistical experts galore are needed,
Redield said, if , the interests of tho
United States arc to be properly looked
after in foreign countries. In asking
for an appropriation greater by $25,
000,000 than the, appropriations this
year, he declared "It is regrettable the
work of the department is not permit
ted to expand as rapidly as the nation i
interests require, because of a lack of
Kedfield recommends that new com
merciai attaches should he sent to fr"
eign capitals; Athens, Rome, Mndrid,
Ottawa, Mexico City aud 8antis-s
Additional resident trade commis
sions should be established in Sweden,
Norway, Great Britain. France, Greece,
Switzerland, Russia, Mexico, Veneaii-
j la, Bolivia, Uruguay, Brazil, Colombia,
I Dutch East Indies, China, Philippine
llslands British India, Janan, Malay
j Peninsula, Egypt, Sooth Africa, Aus
tralia and New Zealand.
Conges is asked also t0 consider in
'creases in pav for the conuii.n-cinl roi
lescutativee abroad. ,