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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1918)
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LONDON PAPER US RNS WORLD
AGAINST IMPOSING BiSMARKIAN
PEACE ON VANQUISHED GERMANS
Social System Will End, If
Spirit Now" Animating
HAVE FORGOTTEN PEACE
. WITHOUT ANNEXATIONS
fleclares That Things For
Which Wilson Stands Have
. . By Raymond Clapper.
( ;Juietl Press Staff Correspondent
Washington, Dec iu. a wnrr.ing
against inflicting u "Bismarckian
Ifyee" on Gorman? and credited to
the t.oii(lou Daily i-.ews was made pub
iic today through allied thannelB. Yk
tenet of the article was picked up mi
this- -vuntry from a wireless apparently
ont out rroin Lyons, i ranee, ovor the
' Hiyiihtures of tlio coiuuiitteo Ou public
inforu.auon Pans representiitivcs.
Bankers of tit Wilson princ'ipals
wore i-itl'od cu 'tv.make thenisohos
hca.'d before it is loo late."
i resuicnt. v. aIsuu tonus anions us
not week," the artulo states. ' There
will bo much fir.;; waving and spoeiltl
fying." But t!io tilings for which Pres
ident Wilson 'finds are being ridiculed
and bespattered by the only voices oni
Will Be Ci lastrophe.
"If the spirit animating at the pres
ent moment tlio press and politicians of
.Europe and America gams control of
,the peace conference there will bo bora
t catastrophe that will be the end of
the Europeau. social system.
"The world may eventually emerge
a.v for democracy, but it will be ways
tJiat our present ruling clusses would
do well in their own interests to avoid.
With the example of Russie before us
in it statesmanship to drivo the Ger
jrmn people to despair? Do our editors
and politicians see no danger for the
rest of Europe in an alliance of dospcr
etion between anarchistic forces of
Germany and Russia? Can bolshevism
energized aud strengthened, lie depend
ed upon to halt at tlie Rhincf Aro
there no explosive elements in Italy
nod Spain f Is France herseu wi uyor
ly immune from every instance? Are
English lower orders quito as tame as
our capitalistic press imagines! Has
America no labor pr.ibletn of her ownt
In tho trust magnate's easy chair sn
.s. ...... ".
secure against all world convulsions!"
May Yet Save Europe.
A Wilson peace bringing reconcil -
(Continued on page two)
What's worse'n trvin' t' cut a mag
;i?.ine in bed? Earl Purvinnce, who
JiouL'ht a car a few weeks azo, is able
.' be about after his firs! repair bill.
V LL SAVE EUROPE
ABE MARTIN t
Srnimons Files Report And It
Was At Once Made Target
For Minority Reports. -
By L. C. Martin
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Dee. 10. The congres-'
sional battle royal ovor the country's
readjustment tax policy begins touay.
.senator tinimons, chairman of tho sen-
report on tho bill in the senate. It was
at once made the target for several
Tho first one was signed by all re
publican members of the committee,
breathing unalterable opposition to in
cluding in the bill taxes for 1920.
Senators SSmoot and LaT'olIette also
had individual reports dissenting from
the majority view.
Simmons presented the till as "Ihe
fairest '-both to business ami tho great
mass of taxpayers and from the gov
ernment's point of view that it lias
been possible to arrive at."
In a wcrd, the bill proposes to raise
about $4,600,000,000 from incomes, war
and excessive profits taxes for the fis
cal year 1919, and $1,400,000,000 from
other sources, a total of ,000,000,000.
l'or the fiscal vear 1920 it will produce
little less titan $3,000,000,000 from
incomes and profits taxes and about $1,
000,000,000 from other sources, a total
of $4,000,000,000. .
"AlMMit the wisdom of such, a pro
gram we entertain no serious doubt,'-'
faid Senator Simmons, "f: in impera
tive that profits and income realized
in 1918 rtie heavily taxed. This is not
only necessary to raise the needed rev
enues but it is equitable pud in ac
cordance with sound public, policy.
"Th& profits realized during 1918
are largely war profits; t'iy are now
in the pockets of tho taxpayers that
should contribute heavily before they
have been dissipated or reinvested.
"But it is equally important that
thesei special taxes should- be reduced
s the occasion which inspired and jus
tified them recedes into the pifst. Not
to provide how for tho reduction of
tho war profits tax after b'18's profits
have, 'been taxed would be as Inexcus
able as to tax those profits."
Simmons and other democratic lead
ers admitted today that they will have
a hard time getting any revenue legis
lation passed this session. With the
help of the treasury depariment, how
ever, they will bring the strongest pres
sure to bear. It was pointed out to con
gre-ss that failure to enact a tax law it will undertake the occupation of I'o
socfh will mean that more billions of sen tmd Silesia, a Warsaw dispatch
ttonds will have to be floated, with the stated today.
country at peace, and no means exist
ing of creating any enthnriusm over a
bond sale; Senator Smoot and other re
publican leaders have stated they op
Dose including the 1919 tux because
t,:ili ,.iA.,A tnr
7 1 V i v J""""V
W2 by the bill will not be enough and
to impose heavier taxes to meet tne
dilH end thus bo blamed for increas
ing taxes. ( .
British Mot 40,000 Tons
Gf Sliippmg For U .5. Troops
Washington, Dec. 10. The British
ii-overnnient nus allotted tu,ouu tons m.
shipping to help bring American troops!
home during the month or uecemoer.
This became kuown here today coinci-
dent with the receipt of a cablegram
from Chairman Hurley of the shipping;
board, announcing that he had niaile
good prngrcs-9 in negotiations witn
the British and that they have snown
every desire t0 am ns in getting our
Washington, Dec. 10 Tho Third Am
erican army is continuing) its luvanrt
into Germany, said General Pershing s
December 9 communique, and "today
reached the Bhine from Rolandsack to
Brohl and at nightfall was on the gen
eral line Rolandsack, Brohl, Wassanch,
MEETING Or CABINET FRIDAY
Washington, Dec. 10. President Wil
son has called a meeting of the cabi
net for this afternoon by wireless, it
was announced at the white honsc to
day. At bis request Vice President
Marsii lit will preside at the conference
between tho heads of the executive
i branches of the government.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10,
Want Peace Signed As Quick
ly As Possible Before
Food Is Exhausted.
" Berne, Dec. 10. The German people
are concerned principally with demob
ilization and the problems of food and
work, it was stated In a Berlin dis
patch teceivod here today, dated te
uiday. Newspapers in Berlin continue to de
mand that peace be signed as quickly
. -..-. ..!.!.. .. !....
i0,1,ei' ;Ml can bfe WH"med.be,ora tbo
I JT mt. of food and raw ma-
tenals, estimated as sufficient for 3
months, aro exhausted. Feeding of the
larger cities is low attended with enor
mous difficulties, the dispatch said, ow-
i to the ecLgestioii of traffic result
ing from tho icpatriation of soldiers
Germans iu Lerno say a democratic
republic iu Germany is certain and that
the nobility is doomed. They . boast
(hut ' uni voisi.l suffrage" in Germany
lias iilveady resumed in their country's
"becoming more democratic than tho
10,000 Troops Are Due In
New York Harbor Today
'New York, Deo. lO.-'-More than 10,
000 troops aro due in New York harbor
today on transports and hospital ships.
The Empress of Britain was ther first
big transport to arrive. There were 76
officers and 2339 men aboard. The ves
sel left Liverpool November 30. "
Among other transports due today
are the Adriatic, with 80 officers and
2208 men aboard; the Ascanius, with
14 officers, 1427 men, and the Kroon
laud, with 63 officers, 1180 men uinl
704 sick and wounded.
65th SENT FROM FRANCE SOON
' 7 ,aerving internal orrter.
Portland, Or., Dec. 10. The Sixty-1 The Latin-American bureau of the de
fifth regiment, coast artillery, will bo partment of commerce issued a report
among the units sent home fioin France. today describing tho Aaena-Arica re
nt an early date. ...... 'gion. The report stated that the ro-
This information was received here gion in itself is of comparatively small
today by the war auxiliary committee I economic value, with an area of 8,688
which -received its information from square miles, mostly arid Andean foot
Washington, D. C.
The Sixty fifth was formerly known
as the Oregon coast artillery.
TO OOCTJPT POSEN
Amsterdam, Dec. 10. An American
Polish division commanded lv General
Huller is en route to Danzig from where
Universal Membership Means More Than Money
fkw& rf rr ti fwn' r- it uvu mm VJ ui r
WM J fHiWflsr 111 I
U.S.AM) ENGLAND CAN
NSURE SEAS SAFETY
Londsn Morring Post Ap
plauds Wilson s Three-Year
London, Dec. 10 "The United
States should continue, in association
with Great Britain ,the task of making
the seas safe," the Morning Post a.
dared editorially today.
'iotlung eoud be moro cratifvmg
to England. No arrangement could L
ni'iie ettective to Insure world peace. '
The newspaper said it believed Amer
ica is undor an unfortunate misapp'-c
heusion regarding the British navnl Do!-
icv as the result of statements by Win
ston Churchill, minister of munitions
anil f irst lord of the admiralty, wno is
called a tactless impulsive politiciau.
The English in discussing freedom of
Ihe as, it js pointed out, think only
of the German definition, whicn ir-s.is
piiacy. Therefore it is impossible to
relax the least precaution.
President Wilson's stund in favor of
conti.iuation of America s three war
naval building program, the Morning
l ost savs. "is applauded here.
"To us," the -newspaper continue.,
"it , corns that the league of nations
if practical, naturally will - allot
maintenance of the safety of the sea-t
tn t no maritime nations. No limitatD.i
of armaments can "take the place ii
armco defenso." ' '
Bolivia And Peru Are Expect
To Make Overtures At
Washington, Dec. .10. State depari
ment officials artulo- make. a detailed
study of tho G'hilo-Peru f roiitUsr contro
versy as a diplomatic preparedness
measuro, it' was learend today.
Hope was expressed that the two
countries may reach nn agreement be
tween themselves on tho question of
the Tacna-Arica plcbescite, but it was
admitted by both officials and diplo
mats thnt the people, rather than the
governments, are behind the continued
iteinonstriitioiis in both republics.
It was pointed out by Chilean and
Peruvian diplomats thnt tho mnbllira
tioa of Santiago and Loma was in each
caso a governmental precaution for pre-
hills. The port of Arica and tho Arica
Lapax railway, over which the Bolivia
imported goods valued at 130,181,931 in
1915, were declared to be loading assets
of tho disputed lands.
Tacna Not Nitrate Begion.
"Contrary to the current impression,
Tacna is not ono of the nitrate 'pro
vinces, as this industry is largely con
fined to Tarapaca and Autofugasta,"
declared the report. "These two pro
vinces, to the south of Tacna-Arica,
TO PASS AZORES
George Washington Is Sched
uled To Arrive At Brest
PREMIER CLEMENCEAU TO
PRESIDE AT PEACE TABLE
FiVilson Will Not Return To U
S. Before Last Of February
By Robert J. Bender
(United Press Staff Corrcspondfcnt)
On Board tho U. 8. 8. George Wash
ington, Dec. 9. (Night.) (By Wiro
less to tho United . Press.) Goorgo
Washington is duo to pass tho Azores
I course will be due northwest. . The
presidont aud his party will arrive at
Hrest riday morning.
McOormick and Una rue li have neon
advised to stand ready for a call to
"The. naval wireless station at Wash
ington states that the latter name;
ington states thatt ho latter name came
men. "McCormick" may bo Vanco Mc
Coruiick of the war trade boam.j
Not to Sit at Conference.
Tho president today witnessed the
practice of dropping a depth bomb,
Thnt President Wilson will not sit at
the peace table in Versailles after the
preliminary conferences in Paris are
completed, was the belief expressed to
day. He will remain in Prance, howov
or, wrore lie will be available for im
mediate counsel.- -
.That i'reimer UJem,nceBu will pre
side at the peaco conference is .regard
ed as certain..' '., , -The,
president attendod a song sor-
vieo by the crew last night, after which
ho shook hands- with many of the men
It was tho unofficial conviction on
the George Washington today that the
president will not return to tho Unit
ed States before the last of February.
were to be ceded outright to Chile by
Bolivia and Peru in 1883.
"There isa strong impression in Lat
iu-Ainorlean diplomatic circles that Bo
livia and Peru will make overtures at
the peucetable in regard to Turnpaca
"The reltivo importance of Peru's in
terests in Arica were shown by 1914
statistics quoted in the report, that 24
retail houses with a total capital of
$:',9,100 were Chilean owned and 104
firms, with a capital of $293,110, were
BRITISH DELEGATES APPOINTED
London, Dee. 10. Premier Lloyd
George, foreign Secretary Balfour and
Chancellor Bonnr Law have been de
cided upon as British delegates to tho
peace conference, the Express says it
understands. Appointment of a labor
renresentativo will depend upon tho
outcome of tho general elections.
PRICE TWO CENTS
CARRY OUT SPiR?
OF THE 14 POINTS?
This Is Question Raised Among
don-Statement Of Eritish That Central Powers Mast Pay
Cost Of War To Limit Of Capacity Is Nowhere Found h
President's Pronouncement-Wilson, In Discussing Repar
ation, Avoided Use Of Word "Indemnities."
By Ed L. Keen
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Dec, 10. Do the European al
lies intend fully to carry out the spirit
of tho fourteen points? ,
This is the question most seriously
raised recently iu American quarters.
both in Paris aud Loudon, as the result
of statements by prominent French and
rintishers, supported to a considerable.
extent by the press, indicating a dis
position to go far beyond the limita
tion of some of President Wilson 'a
principles While ignoring others. -
Making all due alloowunees for pres
sure from certain elements of tho popu
lation of both countries, this disposi
lion is especially accentuated in Great,
Britain on account of the hottest gen
oral election campaign iu years. '
Americans are generally bewildered.
Some are frankly astonisnou, view
of the allies' unequivocal pledge to
make peaco ou the basis of Wilson's
January 8 speech, and his subsequent
Expects Adherence. t
Tho United- Press is in a position to
state that the president expects the
allies, as well as Germany to ndliere
to tho principles laid down in these
speeches, with the, exception of claui
two, upon which tho allies reserved
freedom of action. . :
Nowhea- in any of theso addresses
for instance, appears' any recession
from the president's pronouncement
"uatiotKU armaments must be reduced
to tho lowest point consistent with do
mestic safety." This obviously includ
ed .navnl as well as laud armaments. '
Essential Factor In Anarchis
tic Theory Has Made Little
Impression On Germans.
By J. W. T. Masort
(Written for tho United Press)
New York, Dec. 10. The efforts of
the leaders of the Russian bolsheviki
to 'strengthen themselves at homo by
forming an effective allianco with the
extremist factions in Germany aro not
proving successful. The Gonnans aro
adopting .some of the outward forms
of the bolshevik governmental system
an ,1 the administration of Germany by
tho bolshevik method of locul sovicts
is now in operation. But t hi1 esscntinl
fa.:tor in tne fcobhevik theory, that
tlio wurkingnien should pisses all po
!i;icnl pow.'r and should abolish tho
r.:ii!ille and upper clusses, has made no
iirl;"d impresdnn upon the Germans.
Silent Conflict xift
Thcie is now proceeding a silent bul
jicrsisti lit conflict between th; bol-
is!icv;l( iden of c'liss war and tho Ger
J man iileu of orderliness is to w hich
hall 'dominate the other, Tlio soviet
iprini'Hdo of extrusive s.-lf government
I in local administrative arci has prob
Uhly been accepted by the Germans for
I good. But, .having gone this far, the
.Gonnans are now planning to dominate
It is highly probable that if the bol
sheviki do nut in the end throw Ger
many into turmoil the Germans will
impress an orderly influence upon the
Russiiius. This will mean the inevitable
spread of German influence in Russia
'and may well lead to so ationg an al
liance us will threaten Ku'opc. with a
new Geriiinn menace.
Biusla Now Isolated
Russia is now imluted b the rest of
the world. The Russians undoubtedly
believe they have a grievance against
the western democracies.
They imagine they are leing punish
ed because their own idea of democ
racy are far in advance of western
I ideas. Whet her they arc riht or wrong
I it cannot be advantageous to Ameri
Ica and the allies to permit Kmssia to
(linger in thut b?licf and be slowly
starved into the" arms of Germany. In
stead of helping the Germans and thug
giving Germany an opportunity to
helu Russia, to her own advantage, the
western government- onsl't to offer
J material assistance- to the bolsheviki
; by whatever nietho t the Russian gov.
ernnient suggests. In thrloua run this
is no more than a policy of pelf in
OX TRAINS AND NEW
STANDS FIVE CEJJTS
Americans In Paris And Lon
Nor can there be found, even by th
most liberul interpretation, any justi
fication of the recently authoritative)
British statement, tho central powers
must pay the cost of the war to tb
limit of their cupacity. It is admitted
that the French contention for repay
ment df the Prussian extortion of
billion .dollars with interest, is reason
able, and -may be debated under Wil
son's declaration that the wrong of
1871 should be righted. But it is point"
ed out that Wilson, iu discussing repar
ation, carefully avoided use of th
word " indemnities '$ as tho allies' owa
memorandum of acceptance specifically '
limited compensation to "damage dona
the civilian population o the allied
countries and their projjerty by aggrea
sinn on land, on the sea and from .the
air."; :. " - .
Cannot Stretch. Phrase.
How such a phrase could be Btretch
ed to include as some European states
men are now actually proposing the
cost of maintenance, equipment, muni
tions, etc., of the allied armies, is very
difficult to comprehend.
Furthermore, is is considered that
the question of honor is involved, Inas
much as Germany accepted the propos
als in good faith.
It is true that severity of the armis
tice renders Germany incapable of re
newing tho conflict, but this' fact, ac
cording to- the Wilsonian viewpoint,
.make's nil the more binding he ailies''
moral obligation to limit peace exactly
to thu contract to which they were a
party. . ...
TO DEFEAT PRESENT
partacus Group Demands Ar
rest Of Hohenzoherns And
Paris, Doe. 10. "Wo refuse peaco
with the entente and intend to over
throw the present government within
a fortnight," Karl Liebnecht, lcauer of
tho German bolsheviki, declared iu a
proclamation issued in Berlin, accord
ing to a Zurich dispatch to L'linfor
Martial law has been proclaimed in
Berlin, the dispatch said. Two hun
dred und twenty persons havo been kill
ed aud a thousand wounded in the re
cent, skirmishes in the German capital
between bolsheviki and government
Berlin, via Heme, Dec. 9. (Delayed)
-Demonstrations by the Spartacus
group continue. Kurl Liebnecht, in an
automobile uruied with machine guns,
leads processions of radicals through
the streets. -
The spartucusitcs make numerous
speeches in tho public squares, demand
ing nrrost of the Hohcnzollrrns, Von
liimlonberg and Vou Bothuiun Hollweg
Fifty thousand former Krupp em
ployees uro reported to he out of work.
Uprising In Full Swing.
Hamburg, Dee. ft. (Delayed.) Tho
counter revolution at Potsdnm is in
full swing, according to reports receiv
ed hero today.
; It is also reported thnt the main ar
i my kas established headquarters in Bcr
jlin and is refusing to acknowledge tho
'authority of the workmen's and sol
i The workmen's mid soldiers' council
hero announced today thut Bolshevists
! planned II coup (! ' etat in Hamburg last
I night, but were frustrated. Several ar
j rests were made.
j Break up Meeting.
Amstddani, Dec. 10. Bolshevists nt
I Munich broke up a meeting of tho dem-
locrutic party, stormed a brewery and
Uore down German flags, according to
j advices received hero todny. Bolshe-
'visnv is said to be spreading throut.-
i . i
Federal renlation of tV purchase,
i sale nn. I exchange of liter!." bonds is
strongly reeommendul in a report by
th.1 capital is-iues ruinir.ir.ee.