Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 7, 1918)
5000 CIRCULATION J
(25,000 READERS DAILY)
Only Circulation in Salem Guar-
K anteed by the Audit Bureau of
t FULL LEASED WIRE S
tk ' SPECIAL WILLAMETTE YAXr
LEY NEWS SERVICE
Orgon: Tonight and Sunday
unsettled weather, probably
with rain west portion, partly
cloudy cast portion; moderate
winds, mostly southerly. '
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 290.
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
- -, i i.
a ' .
AMERICAN ARMY11 OCCUPATION TSt
TO BE SENT HOME
SOOH. SAYS MARCH
Discharge Of Men In This
Country Is Speeding Up
; Since Week Ago.
CASUALTIES OF 27TH NEW
YORK DIVISION WAS 1153
flay Have To Modify Law
Whereby Enlistments Expire
Monti After Peace.
Washington, Dec. 7. The American
anny of occupation consists uow of Id
'irst, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth,
Seventh, 28th, 32nd, 33rd, 42ud, 79th,
8!)th aud 90th divisions, Chief of Staff
fctarch announced today.-
The new divisions of this army of oc
cupation are the Beeoud, 7th, 2Sth, 33ru
The makeup of divisions in the army
of occupation in as follows: '-.
First to Sieventh, tegular army; S8th,
Pennsylvania national guard; 32ud,
Wisconsin and Michigan national guard
S.Trd, Illinois nutional guard; 42nd,
itainbow; 79th, Pennsylvania, Mary
land, District of Columbia national
army; ' 89th,' Kansas, Missouti, South
Iiakota, Colorado, Nebraska, Now Mex
ico and Arizona national army; 90th,
Texas and Oklahoma national army.
They are serving as reserve organi
sations occupying Luxemburg, Mont
lnedy, Longuyon and St. Mihiel and
will be held as reinforcement divisions;
if such action should bo necessary.
General March revealed that a total
of 5362 officers and and 135,515 men
have been assigned for early convoy
(home while the grand total actually
embarked to date stands at 854 officers
17,208 men, a few nurses, prisoners, ci
yi liana, eleven navy officers and 554
pavy enlisted men.
In this country discharge of soldiers
is speeding up. Whereas a week ago
only 113 officers had been dismissed the
itotal officers dsmi9sed up to yesterday
was 7058 and the men over two hut
a ced thousand.
Detailed units scheduled for return
fiitice last Saturday were t0 be added
(luring the afternoon. Thore included
units of the 92nd division coast artil
lery engineers and parts of the 78tl
division, not heretofore publianea.
Among vessels sailing in the last tea
diys were the Susquehanna, Nov. 29.
Ciom France to New York, probably
December 1, with casual company No.
101, and other casuals and sick; the,
H:uta Ana, December 2, from France)
for Kew York, due about the 17th, with
43 casual officers, 21 enlisted men, 79th
division; the Dokulb, December 2, from
'fiance for New York, due about De
cumber 12, with 33 officers, one mau
f I navy officers, 354 enlisted men.
May Modify Law.
Answering exaggerated reports of
' casualties in the 27th New York divi
sion, General March said its tot ay cos-
lliiruiniiru fin inion U.rts,
X ABE MARTIN t
Now watch North Pea minin' stock
t ike a tumble. Uncasv lies th head
that's makis' $3.S" an hour.
CONSISTS if 13
Berlin, Dee. 7. The Wolff
Agency publishes the adbica-
tiin of Crown Prince Friedrich
Wilhelm, dated at Wierengcn
Dec. 1. It says:
"I formally and definitely
renounce the imperial crown,
which might come to w
through abdication of the unit-
er and king, or other legitimate
CHAIRMAN HURLEY IS
EXPECTED HOME FROM
EUROPE IN JANUARY
Return Believed To Have Been
Hastened By Schwab's Flea
To Be Released.
PhiladeliJiiia, Dec. 7. Chairman Hur
ley of the United States shipping boai'd
is expected to sail for home "a few
days before Christmas," according to
reports from authoritative sources. -
Hurley's return, it was believed, was
hastened "somewhat by the plea of
Charles M. Schwab to be relieved of
the direction of tilie Emergency Fleet
Officials Expect Kim
Officials here today while admitting
they expected -Chairman Hurley to re
turn "around the first of the year,"
declined to say definitely when they
The lifting of the ban on private
d'lipbuUding was regarded hero as the
best evidence that the actual program
of ship construction was being trim
med to the minimum. In connection
with this indication officials pointed
out that Director General Schwab was
finishing plans which will permit him
,to turn over the work to Hurley with
out leaving a mass of uncompleted de
Want to Provide Work
In allowing a resumption ot building
for private account, the gh-pping board
was said to have been actuated by a
desire to provide work for all men who
care to return to the shipyards from
the annv. The board has limited the
(construction of steel ships to construc
tion for American firms only for the
reason tlliat a danger exis'ed that too
many foreign firms might engage our
yards, to the detriment ot American
interests, it was said. Few wood ships
will be built for foreign countries, it
I was believed.
I It is generally expected among ship
ping board officials that with Schwabs
retirement many changes in the ship
ping hoard organization would come.
Activities thereafter, necessarily would
have to center around Hurey. Charles
l'ic7., general manager of tho fleet cor
poration, probably will Also quit as
scon as he can be" relieved. The retire
ments while not meaning n chango in
the board's personnel, were regarded
as beinsr the forerunners of important
moves toward making the board a com
pact business directing group an
agency to promote the shipping inter
ests of pea;e rather than to develop a
giant war construction program.
Will Complete Program
'New York, Dec. 7. Completion with
out abatement of tho construction pro
gram of the United 5ats shipping
board and the complete removal of all
restrictions on foreign trade, were urg
ed in resolutions adopted by the na
tional foreign trade council in session
President Wilson Invited j
To Cologne To Meet Germans j
Borne,' Dec. 7. President Wilson isj
invited by Cologne to meet delegations!
from Berlin and other German cities j
there, for the purpose of bringing about)
an understanding regarding the integ-l
rity of Germany. - j
Gorman newspapers are showing a'
universal dread of the various separ-'
ati.st movements. !
Berlin, according to dispatches be i
ceived here, wants to form a combined
allied and German army to march I
against the bo'shevikj in Russia. i
ENGLIOSH WARSHIP MINED !
London, Dee. 6. (Delayed.) The
British warship C&ssandra has been min
ed in the Baltic, it was announced to
The name Cassandra does not appear!
in any available British naval lists. I
UNITED STATES HAY
Ordsence Bureau Report
Made Public Today Indi
cates This Possibility. ;
Washington, Dec. 7. The United
State may be preparing to make an
ISinch gaii, the biggest weepon it has
This possibility is indicated in the
ordnance bureau report, made public
today, when in dealing with the Water
vliet arsenal, it said: ;
"The arsenal has now a capacity of
manufacturing up to IS inch calibro"
Sixteen thousand contract-; placed
during the year with a money value
of $S,000,000,000. In this amount was
$325,000,000 for expanding manufactur
ing activities in order to meet adequate
ly the army's needs.
fitudies have been made so that the
nation could lis- Independent of Chile
for its nit'-ate in emergency.
Tho surgeon general's report, pub
lished today showed gratifying results
on. the whole for the army service. So
cial diseases were listed high, but pre
cautions to limit these causes had good
Had the Spanish war rate of these
diseases prevailed there would have
been 140,000 cases and 1400 deatnj in
1917, whereas there were oi ly 97 cas
es of these diseases and 13 aeaths.
Hohenzoileras No Longer
Hold Immunity From Law
,. . ' -- , ;.-.
London, Dec. 7. The German ,
government has withdrawn the
privilege of immunity from the
law previously held by mem-
bers of (he Hnhenzollcrn fain-
ily, according to a Central News
dispatch from Berlin.
Chapters of Hun
Colonel Schroeder, an officer with the armies of German Crown Prince, once
trusted messenger of the emperor, confident and companion of Baroness Else
Baronin Schweirin, and until recently aide-de-camp to Rupprecht, the Crown
Prince of Bavaria, no wa deserter in Denmark, makes sensational revelations
and reveals the hideous secrets of kaiserly intrigue before and during the war.
At first, the new scheme against tho
kaiser moved but slowly. The German
generals whom the Crown Prince ap
proached, held themselves aloof. Even
those vftio were known to be dissatis
fied with the kaiser aud t0 predict his
fall, would not openly commit themsolv
es, and without their support the pro
ject was bound to fail.
The situation seemed almost helpless
till one evening, at tho close of a re
cherche little dinner, the Baroness made
A Woman Leads The Conspiracy.
"You great captains,1' she said,
"Don't know how to conspire. It takes
a woman to do that. You get your own
way in the world by ordering people
about. We poor creatures, have to flat
ter and cajole and porsuade. Hence
we succeed where you fail. By far tho
best thing you can do is to do is to take
me into thc conspiracy. Make me a
party to your schemes and promise me
my reward, and I will undertake to
bring General Falkenhayn over to your
side in a wek. With his support, and
feeling run dead against the kaiser and
von Hindenburg, the ball is at yout
"And what, pray, is your reward
you claim,?" asked Rupprecht.
"This: That your highness goes
through a morganatic marriage with
me within a week after Falkenhayn con
sents to act agi-;t the kaiser."
For a moment Rupprecht hesitated
and thc Crown Prince watched him In
tently: "Then I agree," he said sharp
ly, and the Baroness set out that night
armed with n letter from the Crown
The moment was a propitious one for
the attempt bold as it was. Falken
havn, a memlier of the Prince's Camar-
il!:i, who had forced the war on the
kaiser, was known to be consumed by a
fierce jealousy of the marshal who had
supplanted him to-wit: von Hinden
burg. Moreover, the popularity both
AFTER SM BATTLE
National Union Now Controls
A3 Of Ukraine And Is In
Lausanne, Switzerland, Dec. 7.
Forces of tho Ukrainian national union
have occupied Kieff after a severe bal
tlo in which the casualties totalled 10
000, according , to dispatches received
from Kieff by the, Ukrainian bureau
Among those killed were Gcnoral
Skoropadski, hetinan of the Ukraine,
and 500 Russian officers.
The national union, the dispatches
said, now controls all of Ukraine.
Skoropadski, backed by the Gor
Germans, became virtual dictator of the
Ukraine when that district seceded
j'from Russia and became an independ
ent republic. Tho peasants revolted
'when the German troops began to seize
j their grain and livestock and weer soon
(joined by the workmen, who tied up
(transportation and industries of the
country with a general strike. The na
tional union, formed by the Ukrainian
proletariat, is not definitely pro-ally,
but Is intensely anti-German. With
drawal of German troops from the
Ukraine apparently gave the union the
opportunity to overthrow and seize the
Eisner Can Prove That
Wilhchn Started The War
Berne, Dec. 7. Kurt Eisner, head of
the Bavarian government has promised
the Bavarinn council that he will pub
lish war office documents with margin
al comments in the former kaiser's
handwriting, which will .convict Wil
helm of responsibility for starting the
German newspapers repoi. mat e
soldiers, council has decided unnnimous
ly to support the Ebert-Haase govern
ment. A dispatch -trout Berlin says
that democratic German peoples parties
have been combined.
TO SEND CANDY OVERSEAS
Washington, Dec. 7. Nine million
pounds of candy were bought this week
for the army overseas, along with Sti.i
000 gallons of pickles.
of the kaiser and of Hindenburg him
self was at low ebb. The German peo
ple were incensed at the prolongation
of tho war, and at the almost innumer
able deceits that had been practised up
on them. Those who knew Germany
best affirm that thc throne was in dan-!
gcr, and there could be no question
whatever that a bold move out by the
Prince's party, with Falkenhayn at
their head, might be followed by
Small wonder, thorcfore, that it was
with a shaking hand and a voice trem
bling with excitement that Prince Rup
precht, thc man of iron, hut as I often
thought of no blood, read out the cy
pher telegram from his inamorata an-J
nouneing her success. Falkenhayn had
agreed to throw his lot with Rupprecht
and the Crown Prince and if need be,
was prepared, at thc proper time, to
lead out a section of thc army against
thc kaiser, whose power, already broken
would receive a mortal wound.
Crown Prince "Willie" Jubilant.
The Crown Prince was widely jubil
ant. Ho insisted on giving a dinner on
a lavish scale to the Baroness, Prince
Rupprecht, and myself, and made ar
rangements for it t0 take place next
evening, when the lady rejoined us.
The guests were to bo few and care
fully chosen. "We must preserve the
strictest secrecy," he told Prince
Rupprecht, "for if the kaiser hears ev
en a whisper of what is in the wind
he will act at once, and we shall be
ruined. Remember it is essential that he
should know nothing. Victory in this
struggle will puss to the side who acts
first and strikes hardest."
And he went on to indulge, as was
his wont, in a long disquisition oa mili
tary mutters, proclaiming, inter alia,
his own prowess as a commander; prow
ess that Hindenburg and the other Ger
man generals did not always appreciate.
An additional reason for observing the
sccreev that the Crown Prince insisted
SHOWS UP HEARST
IN UNENVIABLE LIGHT
Hearst Berlin Correspondent
On Payroll Of German
Washington, Dec. 7. The Washing
ton Post, listed in German correspond
ence before senate probe yesterday as
for sale or hire under Its former own
er, the late John K. McLean, printed
today a statement claiming that "it
'is another of Von Bernstorff 's infam
I Edward B. McLean, son of John B.
i McLean, now editor-president of the
I "My father purchased the Post for
.me. He managed it in my interest. If
'any proposition had been on foot te
seU the paper or ruin it by handing it
over to any special interest, I would
have known it. i
" Von Bernstorff was anxious to put
.through anything that would help his
government. He often lieu to his gov
ernment and he was often fooled by
sharpers, as previous dispatcher have
proved. This lie regarding the Washing
ton Post is on a par with tho r'est of
tho German propaganda.''
The iPost has been known under the
younger McLean's management as dis
tinctly pro-American and pro-ally.
" Why Propaganda Failed
German propagandist initiated by Dr.
Dernberg in this country failed, large
ly because of the sinking of the Lusi
tania, and because a suitable editor for
a pro-German organ could not be found.
Ambassador Bernstorff so reported
to his government according to evi
dence presented today by A. Bruce
Bie'aski of tho departmci t of justice
before the senate committee investigat
ing German propaganda.
Importing to (Berlin, Nov. 1, 1910,
however! Bernstorff said that the peace
propaganda had been most successful.
, Affidavits and reports tending to
show that iBraun, editor of Fair vrlny
had received a number of checks from
Bernstorff and the Gernmr. embassy,
were submitted.. One of these was for
$5000 and another for $3000 and one
for $1500. vThc checks in most cases
were made Out to tho MFair Play
Printing and Publishing - company,"
Bielaski said. He did not know that
Brann ever received money from Bern
storff on bis personal accmnt.
Activities of James F, Archibald,
American journalist, were then fc'ono
(Continued on page three)
upon lay in tho fact that tho kaiser had
returned suddenly to Berlin, and might
at any moment, as his son suggested,
seize the persons of tho conspirators,
and nip the whole thing in the bud,
. Falkenhayn a Plotter.
He had already summoned von Falk
enhayn to the capital, but as yet wo
suspected nothing, and if we could but
mature our plans without his doing so
Rupprecht and tho Crown' Princo
could make him prisoner, and themselv
es the real rulers of Germany, giving
out that the kaisor had developed signs
of mental aberation and needed con
trol over him.
That was the plan that was provision
ally decided oa at tho banquet to the
Baroness next evening. It was a gor
geous affair, given, for thc sake of
greater precaution at thc home of a
supporter of the Crown Prince in tho
suburbs. Thc Baroness was the only
ludy present, and her health was drunk
with boundless enthusiasm. Plans were
discussed, details of the coup d'etat
agreed upon, and finally it was arrang
ed that she should proceed that even
ing to General- Falkenhayn and give
him, at his hotel, a letter from the
Crown Prince containing all particu
lars of the event, which was to coine
off early thc following morning.
Meanwhile, the Crown Prince, Rup
precht, and the other guests, officers
for the most pnrt, would, bestir them
selves in other directions.
Just one untoward incident mnrked
tho evening. Just before the departure
of the Baroness, Princo Rupprecht,
who was sitting between myself and
the lady, leant over and made a mom
entous announcement in a low but cloai
Prince Rupprecht Backs Out
"There is one little matter, Mad
ame," ho said, "that I want cleared
(Continued on page four)
BRITISH NAVY LIST
includes Ships Of Iron Duke
Class, Also Queen Eliza
London, Dec. 7. (British Auioiralty
wireless.) The Times publishes an art
icle by by its naval correspondent on
wartime construction in the British
navy, which can aow be reveallcd. He
"In the descriptive accomus of the
surrender of the German ships the
names tho names of 21 additions r0 ue
British battle squadrons have been ra
tioned. These vessels have . Jjiaeo
the grand fleet since the navy list Xm
August 1914, was published.
11 Two are of the Iron Duke class, the
Emperor of India and the Jienbow.
They belonged to the 1911-12 program
as did also tho Tiger, a battle ciuiscr.
The five vessels of tho Cjuecn Elizabeth
class the Barham,' Valiant, Warspite,
Malay and the Naineship all of which
wore of the program of 1912-13, are at
so among the additions.
Two Snips for Chile.
"In the battleship program for 1913-
14, there wore five vessels which io
armament and armor were to represent
the Queen Elizabeth type, but of a
slightly smaller displacement. The
are all in the fleet the Royal Soverign,
Koyii) Unk, Hamillies, Resolution and
Bevonge. Then thero are the vessels
whose purchase, was announced by Mr.
Churchill in August, " 1914. Two of
these battleships were owned by Turk
ey, and were known as tho Osman 1
and Reschadieh. They were renamed
the Agincourt and Erim. Two other
battleships were building in this coun
try for Chile, the Almiraute Latorre
and the Almiranto Cochmno. The for
mer has been acquired and renamed the
Canada. The latter is believed to be
tho vessel luuuched by Mrs. Page, wife
of the American ambassador, last June,
aud named the Eagle.
Five "Hush" Ships. - '
'Tho five remaining vessels of the 21
are those familiarly known as the
'hush' ships because of the secrecy
maintained nbout their design and con
struction. They are. known as the Be
pulso, Courageous, Glorious, and Frivol
ous and (name lost), aud they aro re
ported to be nearly 800 feet in length
to displace 30,000 tons each and to be
cnpnluc of a speed of frgm 30 to 35
knota. Although so huge, thoy wcro to
havo been completed within a year,
while tho combination of great speed
with heavy armament on a compara ltho wi(lpr an(i pcrhaps moro difficnlt
tivoly light draft would allow thorn to quC8ti(m of thc limitation of armies
bo used io int shallow waters of theand 0( nll programs of military prerar-'
North sea fnd Baltic, to catch and tj0B. ,
smnsh a r: Healing enemy. "Difficult and delicate as these qscs-
"Monsieur Kosseau, naval writer of ,rB i.v ,.,. , fn(,n,i wu.h thn
Tempts, states that they are fitted with
devices to neutralize explosions so fur
as possiblo which gives them consider
able immunity against torpedo attack.
He instances them as proof of tho cou -
f:dcnce of the British navy in tho pow -
orful service capnblo of heavy hitting,
"me only ono which appears able to an-
swer the mastery of the seas.'
ine contrast; presented wiui mis
output of British ships is more marked
wlion it is rocnllod that in tho battle
squadrons of the German high seas
fleet not more that two or three ves
sles conld bo classed as products of war
time. ' '
BRITISH CROSS RHINE
Leeds, Eng., Dec, 7. (Noon.) "The
British nt this moment are crossing the
Rhine," Premier Lloyd-George an-
uounced In a speech hero today.
OXFORD TO GIVE WILSON ;
HONORARY DEGREE SOON
Expected Then To Give Ad
dress And Express His Idea
Of Freedom Of Seas.
By Robert J. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
Aboard the U. 8. 8. George Wash
ington, Dec. 7. (By wireless to tho
United I'resi.) The United States, it
is understood, wants a definite law for
mulated at the peace con terf nee estab
lishing the seas as an international
highway, governed by the law of all
nations combined not by the laws of
This government, it is believed
would secure the establishment of a
minimum contrabrand list and a defi
nite blockade. (In the latter proposi
tion is seen a move against I'utnre tub
President Wilson in the belief of
friends will make at least ono public
address in England. It is understood
ho will be given an honorary degree at
Oxford university and it is regarded
as probable ho will make this thc oc
casion for his speech. The impression
prevails that in his speech he will de
fine his ideas of freedom of the seas.
WILSONS TO STAND
pat on f iran
Gave Definition Of Term la
His Famous "Peace WilV
eut Yictsry" Message. j
FREE INTERCOURSE OF !
Great Difference Of Osinisa
Anticipated At Peace Table
Concerning Armaments. ,
- By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washiigton, Dec, 7. President Wil
son plans to stand pat at Paris on his
definition of freedom of the seas as
given in his famous "peace withoat
victory" message to the senate Janu
ary 22, 1917.
In that speech he declared that "so
far as practical every great peoplo now
struggling toward a full development
of its resources and of its powers
should be assured a direct outlet to tho
great highways of the sea." .
If this could not be accomplished bv
cession of territory, ho recommended
that it be done by neutralization of di
rect rights of way. ,
He declared that "great preponder
ating armaments, " if continued, would
rob tho world of a sense of safoty and
inequality. These thought still consti
tute the backbone of tho president's
policy, it was learned definitely today.
This Question Important. -
1 He stressed then, as he does now,
' "The question of-armament, whether
on iand, or seas, is the most Immeit
iatelv and intensely practical question
connected with the future fortunes of
nntiows or, mankind," ' V ,
'."Freedom of the seas," is absolute
ly necessary to World peace, he thc:
held. There must bo "free, constant
unthreatcned intercourse of nations."
Freedom of the seas, ho regarded as
closely connected ." with a limitation
of naval armament and tho co operation
of tho navies of tho world," the keep
ing of the seas free and safe.
Must Face Issues Candidly ;
"Under tho question of limiting na
vnl nvmnmertt " ho continued, "onens
,llmost emtt d decided in n spirit
of real accommodation if ft ponce, j to
come with healing in its wings nn1
come to stay."
, P..,m, .i.:; l.-irf KVetch of mlicv it
'wns p(,intC(i nut t0,inv that there, nrnv
1)C ft difference of opinion between
President Wilson and de British pence
' representatives provided England mnin-
tllils Jts roccrltly announced iutontim
of keeping herself supreme on tho sens.''
BRITISH ENTR COLOGNE
London, Dec. 7. A Central News
dispatch from Amsterdam announced
today that the British enteied C'olcg-.ie
Colno-iin 1 tlin center if' tUe TvltinA
bridgehead to be occupied h tho Hiit-
ish under the terms of the armistice.
All Must Make Sacrifice
While there has been io official
comment on Wilslon Churchill's speech
in which on Winston Churchill 's speech
would not be reduced in size, it is be
lieved President Wilson hi, Ids uLl the
powers- must make sacrifices if they
sincerely tiesire o just pence. The na
tions must follow a policy ef "giving
in". in tho interests of sjcl) a peace.
I Hhould the present world pilicy of
'competitive armaments b.' continued
I the United States couid do more than
j hold its' own with its new ship yards,
its trained ship builders by the thou
sands and its great estin-nlcd quanti
ties of raw materials, according to the
Churchill's declaration '.hat England
would nit yield its sea su) rcmacy was
road, with interest aboard the peaco
ship when received by wireless. Tho
president probably will voice his view
on this point later.
the sea continues rough 1 the timo
of filing this message tho Ocorgo Wash
ing'on was 7"0 miles due r-rst of Wash
ington. The weather is warir.er. Tho
president' cold is better.
As the president docs ut want to
arrive in Paris before December 14, he
may step over for a (fay at the Azores,
but this iha$ not yet been decided.