Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1918)
5C09 CIRCULATION t
' X23.O0Q BEADEB5 DAILY) :..
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
Oregon: Tonight and Friday
ruin west, rain or snow east por-
tion; moderate winds, mostly
' SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAIr
. . LEY NEWS SKRVICE -
-i ii ti i i t a ir
FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO. 288.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEW
STANDS FIVE CENTS
"'1 UUUL 1 . ?
- v v - - "V" .fc
Now Under Y
Authority on 'i thine
..Cermans AsfonntaH At American Lark Of Harshness And
Di' nr w Tr
Occupied Towns. Americans Are Gradually Taking Over
; Supervision Of Telegraph And Postal Systems.
By Webb Millet f
(Unitea Press Staff Correspondent)
.' With the Americans in PrusS(a, ec.
,-.t. ..v i
4 .-.(Night)-8everal hundred thousand
Germaus are now under American au-
tiiority. They are" accepting the situa-
tion with remarkable quietness and
complacency and are not finding this
authority- onerous. Astonishment is
often expressed at the American's lack
of harshness and their policy ot ua
Normal lifo is going on in the occu
pied towns aid peasants are plowing
the fields as tho troops march past. Fac- Corps and divisions headquarters are
tories are humming with activity. Hun (generally established in school houses
dreds of discharged German soldiers are! or other public buildings.
passing through the American lines. 1 1 The only untoward incident recently
recently saw some of these men still reported occurred todny when some
in their uniforms working in the fields
s .The Americans are gradually taking
over supervision or tno toiegrnpn, teie-
phone and postal systems. American
trains carrying supplies are arriving at
Treves, which is now generally referred
to uy its rreneu name 01 Trier. i
REPUBLIC, SAYS KERENSKY
involution Of Slav Nation Dif
fered .From Present Ger-
: man 'Situation.
By Edwin HtUllngei
(Copyright, li I H. by Uiii.od Press
London, Jee, 5. "If Russia had
Oermany's present opportunity it
ihpuld now be a groat den.ocmcy liko
America," Alexander Korcnsky, for
uier Russian prrmier, decl.ii'ed in an
interview with th. United Press today,
ui which he drew aVutnpamon bi'twoeu
fthe Russian and the German revolutions
"I believe the Grninn revolution,
although started under similar condi
noiis and with similar aims to the Bus
,an revolution, will be able to with-
inere are .tnree :riKing rentcuren
in which the two differ.
"FirHt, owing t, pface having been
attained, Germany can devote her n
tire effort to internal re.,,slrueUons
Instead, of being eompelled ike Bus-
..fato defend herself s.:nultaneosly
t.omtheifoe t ,
'Second Oeruany is subjected to
-tia powerful, ho.tde internal props,
SV'"'Tiurd, .if starvation actually
threatens Germany can get the allies
to help. Russia hndynobody to aid her.
- Would Now be Democracy .
"These spell the ,lifference between
miccess and failure and teli the story
P Russia's tiajedy. If Kustia hail
Germany's present opportunity she
would now bo a great demrcrncy like
" Wht'n the , old regime was over-t-iirown,
Russia had to fight an outside
fne with one hand and do the best she
"iuld to build up h,.rsclf w'th the oth
f . As a resu'.t he was uns lile to per
ect a now ec-ononiic anl political
i:ructtiro sufficiently strorg to with
H and the strain.
"The Russian army was worn eateu
with Cr;rm'an prtipagandists. As an ex
finple of this, every time J issued un
der while preparing for the July of-
msive.Rupprecht appealed to the Rus-
ans not to obey. These appeals were
JJ.In '...,,lnta, A. hti ftuia
widely circulated. At the same time,
Cermanordrilea were active internally,
nd their cumulative impact against
ltussian morale was iri-mnuiius.
"Rnssi faced starvation single
tanded, and fell down betanse it wa
jihysically. impossible for her to meet
the situation' unaided. If a similar food
crisis arise in Germany tins latter has
the riht under the armistice, to appeal
to the allies, in which event the allies
hou!d respond for their own protec
tion against b-dshcvisni. Therefore Ger
many is not obstructed bv any of the
reat obstacles which caused Russia's
Former Premier Aged
The former premier, sitting in the
I'arlor of a friend's house tit the seclud
ed 'ambrid!e (irs terrace and speak
ing in th-ench, paused for a moment.
He nad gnat'y aued in 'appearance
fcince I !ot saw him in June. Wheu he
-nmed seakiag. his voice was tense
"Germany probably has tur'uutont
days ah'ad an, I may split up, but I do
no' believe' fhe will be i.-bjocteu to
Mi ?' prome .tragedy like Kutia.
,4-I brieve the German r"yo!ution is
, Continued oa page two)
v 1 1 :r i. r n i-
traffic does not interforc with regn-
lr passenger trains,
liuaer the terms of the armistice, Ger-
raany wili pa, th expenses of the
Third army. The Americans, therefore
are giving receipts for all requisitions
and billets, which will be collected
from the German government..
The burgomasters of the villages are
co-operating in assigning billets.
Decrees have been issued, ordering
the surrender of all arms and ammuni
tion. The people in some towns have
already turned over their guns and re-
Iceints have been given "them.
r.chool children in the little village oi l
Bcliieoh throw decayed vegetables at
America officers. TIio lattef ignored
The most advanced elements of the
Third army have occupied th towns of
wirrucii,, Beincnstei and zctnnger. -
6R1NGS EQUITY SUIT
Not Satisfied With' Rulin
And Orders Of The Public
The Hammond Lumber eomiinnv h.is
entered suit against the pub.ie tervicc
commission of Oregon iu the circuit
court before Judge George G. Bingham
iu which it asks the court for a decree
racntinz and srltintr aside cr irai i finil-
mgs and orders of Uo dvunissiou.
hit also a'sks the 'court to remand cer
tain proceedings of t;.e comiuitslon ror
another hearing with appropriate in
; structions upon tll0 law auJ tl)!,t ,h(.
(durt sllaU allt tht. Uamiuoi,.i Lumber
Ca it h ent;tK(J iu jv
"anu in god cWenco ' ' '
ln a .(, , i.,,,,,,,,,,,, T.,im
. bpr eompany .g' ,Cjtallv kjn(, .,
f.nd8e Geo,Se -6- Binglmui giv the pub-
llc fscivlc .comufou f ,c! n
of 'ts aots especially n,
eBa.,,' toa onc ' "hlt n thrt "omwitsiou
Pttei the Columbia and Nohalstu
railroad to raise its local rates on logs
about 65 per ccut.
The complaint which was filed this
morning, fe entitled the Jlamiiiond .'.'n.i
ber company against tlTo I'ublic bcrvice
( ! '.. nission of 0. g ;.i.
' The Complaint s n'".' Ih lthe ".!:: i-t
!.'i)t K Nehalem Miuond issued a mriff
Julv i.j, 1917, for ti t. tr:inspurltion of
lietween Hi t t : its lire and this
tariff was in effect when the road filed
with the commission an application for
an increase in freight, rates, including
rates on logs, and on logs the increase
asicca ivaa one tuna liiguer mail roiim
It is alleged that on May IS, 1918,
the Hammond Lumber Co. filed 'with
,,, conimis8ion protcst again8t this
..... ...... ...
,.i:t;,, ...: .i,. : k j.,.,;,i
fri.. n. :i ' .1 i.... ;,i.,i. ;,'!
application fur a" one third increase on'1"" flay ' '.
the rate on logs. I ' havc "8, nf irmation whatever
That Julv 18. 1918, the railroad filed' of '' r'V0?e Mlon of the natnal
i.i. .i, ..'.,..,;; .:.,,j i council ana I do not consider the report
1 .:..!..".. i.:t. u.jiserionsir. I'believe the Montenegrin.,
.1 ill.ai ruii-n vvuicil lum uiiu' ..... . .
been altered frotu the printed tariff, I T" no desire me to go. I a,n,
to become effective Aug! 1, 11S. '.;fectly will.ng to abide by the de
That in its proposed tariff the'he-!1"", f V- P"pi T
halis & Nehalem . railroad placed
lem. railroad pL-iced
rates on logs fi3 per cent higher than
in the past. That the plaintiwf f'ied
with the commission a protest aninst
the proposed rates, requesting a sus
pension of the hearing.
, , . A t xt. Ti..,
i. 13 iuiihci allium ui tiiir iiiiui- ....... ... ,., ,
ii i, n .i . ii ! confident that everything will come out
mond Lumber Co. that the commission: ' . . , , .
ordered a time for a hearing and trm-,B , , , .
potarily ordered a suspensioa of the I
increased rates. - " !
mar a preieimeo. nearing -ran n
a pretended hearing was held
and afte, aaid pretended hearing tlieorca, With 172 troops, two V. M. C. A.!
commission unlawfully attempted andlmen an(j j.-,o officers, arrived here to-
endeavored to mate-tyta ma aign cpt.;dar.
21, 1918, what purported to be findings; The Orea left Kngland ahtad of the
and an order approving the 65 per ci.it j Lapland and Mianekharia, which ar -
iaerease on the local rates on logs. j rived ye.terday, b-it tick , different
That on Oct. 24, 1918.. th Hammond' course and was buffeted for days by
(violent gales. On? soldier die; of pneu -
(Continued on page four) -nnia.
THE AMERICAN PEACE DELEGATION THAT f
LEFT NEW YORK YESTERDAY FOR EUROPE
p i. .- .I,, i f . " ' ' ' Jwsv , " ' '
r a;A xi W vSi .) .
I Iff 1 TT" " s A -
Left to right, Robert
WILSON TO DISCUS S
PLAINLY HIS PLACE
- TERMS IN FRANCE
To Arrive In Brest De
By Eobert J. B9nd5r
Aboard the U. S. S. George Washing
ton, Dec. 5. (By wirB!ess to New
York.) President' Wilson mill - talk
plainly upon Jus .-fonrtewi principles
when se reaches fraaee. That he will
uiake. speeches is indicated bv the cn-
cern shown over his slight cold-and
as to whether his throat will bv' in
good condition upon his arrival. Afler
disposing of hjs routine work, the pfes
lident reits much of the time under or
ders of Rear Admiral Gnuwii!, his per
sonal physician. The latter ami Presi
dent Wilson take frequent constitution
als aibout the decks. The pre.-iilctit at
tends the ship s movies a-ui panifi
pato in all functions, - '
The George naahington ?s expected
to arrive in liTst en December 12 r
lit by 'way of the Azores, The ship's
wireless is in constant touch with
AU the vessel's appoii.tnicutg are
very plain. The president and M"s. Wil
fion occupy the same suites that wore
built especially for.flh? kais-r and
kaiwriu years "ago.
The same waiter wh served the for
mer kaiser and kaisrin u s?rving the
president and his wite in th
BELIVES RUMOR TO
DEPOSE HEM IS FALSE!
- . ... iii
Navs KiiSfrs lit Small l.oiiufrtf
"J - " w. .... J
Have Always Listened To
People And Will Continue.
By William Philip Sims.
Paris, Dec. King Nicholas of Mon
negro does nL-believe reports that
I the Montenegrin national council hail
dffd l,e'"s?! """-""i """i!
Montei,egr with hernia under the rule.
nf Kllirv Herer. .1
of King Peter,
In an interview with the United
the-!11"1 l .. .'"'"'"""
can speaii. inrir win iirri?, -
"I do not think this is actually the
case at present.
"The rulers of Montenegro ifave
ways listened to the voiee of their ie-
i i 1 1 . in ... A..
pic sn'l Iiiey wm eniiiinm- w uo wi,
TRANSPORT OSCA AEEIVES
v, Vnrk Tl.vv !5The fransnort i
Lansing, Taaker H. Bliss, President Wilson, Colonel House and Henry White
FOR LS LATION
Seems To Be Leaning Toward
"Regional Director" Plan
Of Railroad Control
WILL NOT RETURN ROADS
hm ator Smith Had Conference
Wiil Wilson Just Before He
' Left Washington.
By L. C. Martin
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Dec. 5. President Wil
sm leans toward tho "regional direc
tor" plan of railroad control as a so
lution of tho problem he put up to con
gress in his message Monday.
! P II
lie will give congress ample time toj'iected with Agriculture, textiles, leath
work out legislation, solvine the urob-T
b'em and will not turn the roads back
to private control unless congress fails
to move within the 20 months after
pence, fixed by law as the limit of gov
men of the senate interstate commerce
coinmittoo. Ho had a conference with
President Wilson a few hours before
the latter left Washington to go abroad'
senator smita's Purpose.
"It is my purpose," said Bnuth to
day, "to get the Newlunds joint, com
mittee together as soon as other press
ing mutters have been disposed of.
This committee is peculiarly well equip-1.
ped to tackle the railroad problem in-1
telligently. It is unlikely any congres-J
sional action can come out at this scs
I The, regional plan was suggested to
the Newlands committee by lawyers for
the railroads. Smith favors some mod
ifications of the original plan, lnclud-
J Federal control exercised by a' body
j sitting in Washington, such as the in
I terstate commerce commission,, for In
stance. Formation of regional
or appointment of regional directors
regulate locally, ownership and opera -
. f , Taiiroad to remain in pro -
Central and regional federal eontrol
to extend to rates, bond issues and fi
nancing, but not to rerouting or divi
sion of equipment.
FIRST AIR POST MAN
MaWc 9f 'cfartarv Khrrhl
From Sacramento Stopping
Seattle, Wash, Dec. 5. The first bag;.Bn,
of aerial mail was delivered in Heattlej
.yesterday afternoon from riacramento plauded for several minutes.
by Lieutenant A. F. Hoagland, of the! Glass will assume the duties of the
.'lnite9 States arm, in a Curtiss plane.; secretary of the treasury, December Dl,
i The time of the entire flight, for the retiring Hccretary McAdoo announced
interval in the air, was 12 hours and .thij afternoon.
j - .i j
, ' (Continued on page seven) (Continued on page four)
tecs Out For Extreme Pro-
lectiosism Of Russia s In-
By Raymond Clapper
(I'nit.'d Press staff correspondent)
Washington, " Dee. 5. Lenine cast
ing overbrard Idoafe of' his soap box
days, has come out for"' extreme,, pro
tectionism to wake Russia a strong, in
dustrial nation,' semi-official diplomat
ic ndviees stated today. ,
Attempts to flood iiussia with ag
ricultural machinery, railwcy equip
ment, textiles, leather and clothing will
be fought by tho soviet government, it
is stated, to protect Russia's infant in
Summarized, the soviet foreign trade
policy as outlined in thesa advices fol
lows: 1 Import ot articles' in general use,
including hoots and shoes, restricted.
--Importation of luxuries, forbid
den. Import of foodstuffs to bo permit
3-Agricult.iral machinery must be
manufactured, railway traffic must be
safeguarded, as must industries con-
iRrnnrt. in raw ;mTffrinl. mnt. hn
reduced and exports of manufactured
goods increased. .
This latest policy. qf Lonnino's is the
siime as that attempted by the late f i-1
nance minister of the czar. Count' Witte
at all costs, to create
CARTER GLASS TO BE
Will Assume New Duties De
cember 16 McAdoo An
nounced. Waihington, Dec. 6, 'Nomination of
( -arter tilass, Virginia, to to secretary
of the treasury, wus ent t the scn
i'e today by the white house.
"It woulil be presunif'tnnus on my
(part to give out any statement before
the senate confirms my appointment,
tojftlass said. Glass' friends say he bad
l taken the position against his wishes,
Cnss himself showed little enthusiasm
whei informed his nomination had been
sent to the senate.
"I expected it would be," was his
Glass explained that he had just
come from Kurope and was out of touch
with the treasury for the past treas
ury for the past sevoral weeks. Friends
of tilass say', however, that he is fully
alive to the problems that the treasury
(must meet and it was tne belief that
I some one clso could handle them bet
ter than he that made him reluctant to
i enter the cabinet. Added to this i the
jfact that O'ass is one of the democrat
ic leaders in the bouse and has been
1 re-elet-ti-d time after time without op-
Applaud Hew secretary
A few minutes after tht news
! Glass' appointment was received on
I the hoes- side of the capitoi, Glaw walk
ir! on the floor and answered to roll
Three hundred representatives
GERMANS SEEM NOT TO
BE SUFFERING MUCH
Is Unquestionably Short On
i hod But Masses Of Peome
Are Not Starving.
i By Webb Miller
(United Tress Staff Correspondent)
With the American Army of Occupa
tion of Rhenish Trus'sia, Dee. 3. De
spite the harrowing' storks flowing out
of Germany' regarding shortage of food
during, the past few mouths, tluww-poj
tions of Rlionish Prussia occupied by
tho Americans do not seem In be sui
foring very sevetly.' , . ' .'
Unquestionably there is a shortage
and some, of the poor are probably suf
fering, but the masses of tho people are
not starving by any mean.
At an ordinary hotel I obtained Veg
etable soup, two slices of roast beef, a
goodly helping of boiled potatoes, some
meat gravy and a really palatable cof
fee substitute, although 1 go no bread.
This meal cost fivc'marktt about 25
At a second class hotel I ate , pea
"UP- "n'oked horso meat, sauerkraut
nd washed potatoes, and got . glass, of
I''",,1' ""r for four murks.
Charges fur meals at the first rate
'hotels run from three to rive times
above those nt tho ordinary hostelnet
but there is a greater variety of food.
or neuer quality aim ueiter aervuu.
The laboring classes are undoubtedly
undernourished. Eggs and milk
practically unobtainable excepting from!
farmers. Ther is little butter and su
gar Is very expensive. The bread is
mostly unpalatable. It is dark brown
and of a sawdust consistency.
Tho effect of the general undcrnour:
ishment is -clearly seen in the villages.
I did not see a corpulent person and
most of the people appeared sallow.
Nearly all the children between the
ages of two and four years, born during
tRo war, have an unhealthy appearance.
Tho people are apathetic and lack in -
torest. The -American soldiers hKve
shown no lack of "pep" aud "ginger"
in striking contrast totlic actions
the townsfolk, ,
Saw Only Two Autos. '"' """"
. . . . . m, ,. . , o. iship and operation be adopted, there
During two days in Thevos and fcaar,, l ',.. Hl , ;, . ' , fair
iwonunuea on page
-. i . a
Sometimes he nearly s'arves till he
ABE MARTIN t
fiits t' it, but th snlaried man alius tio of the rates of the Pacific let.
taujiha lart What's u-.-ome c ' th ' feller phone & Telegraph company. The ovH
that used.' sigh f.ir some good ing was called (it the request of Oty
sleighin't lentor Withycombe.
IIS RAIL POLICY
Primary Aim Should Be To
For Nation s Needs.
SHOULD PROVIDE FOR
MERGE IN BlERGENCYi
Three Plans Wi Doubtless Ba
Proposed For Disposing ;
Washington, IDec, 5. Congress to
day was provided with views of t'h
interstate commerce commission as toi
what problems must be considered in
deciding the future of the railroad
lines. 1. - -
Iu Its annual report, the commission
sets forth in detail what it believes t
be "certain lines of inquiry'., whicn
must be persuaded to reach sound con
clusions." It deals thoroughly with
both government control and private
ownership with the varied forms of
each. The section of tho report setting
forth the cuiumissioa 'H ideas follows:
"Whatever line of policy is deter
mined upon '"' the fundamental aim
should be to secure transportation sys
tems that will be adequate for the'na
riou's needs even-in time of national
strew and that will furnish to the pub
lic safety, adequate aud efficient trans
portation at the lowest eost. To this
end there should be provision for the
prompt merger without friction of all
the lines into a continental and unified
ystera in time of emergency j merger
witmu proper ii nuts of the carriers'
lineB and facilities in such part and to '
such extent as may be nei essary to
meet the reasonable demands of our do
niesjic ,an4 foreign ccminwreecli'mita-.
tion of railway construction to th ne
cessities and cenvenienco of the pub
lic and assuring 'construction to th
point of these limitations; and devel
opment and encouragement of inland
waterways and coordination of rail
and water transportation systems."
,. Probable Plans proposed -
Among the plans which doubtless
will be proposed are the following:
"Continuance of the present plan of
federal control; public ownership of
under regulation; private operation un-
undcr rtau!ation; pivate opmtion un
re(fuiaioa with - government egu
lation ami public ownership
If iiM policy of private ownership
and operation under regulation ia con
tinued the following suhjet-ts' will 're
quire legislative ' consideration; revis
ion of - limitations ui,-n united or co
operative activities, emancipation of
j railway- operation from financial die
jtntion; regulation of issues of st'curi-
ties; . establishment of a relationship
lietween Icderul. ami stale authority
which will eliminate the twilight zeno
of jurisdiction; restrictions governing
the treatment of competitive, as com
pared with non-competitive traffic; the
most efficient utilization of equipment
and provision for listributing the bur
den of furnishing equipment on an
equitable" basis among the respective
( urricri; a more liberal use uf terminal
facilities in the interest ot free movc-
!""''1' of I'Oimnerce an.l liiiii.ations wun
;'-"' "uu 'J'f' '
,"7-' W be furn.shcrt by shippeis
of'"" 't .
.. . !.... ,., i i: ,.
price at which, and tho terms under
,.,, , m,r(;.. , vfi ....
quirfd; prohibiting the operation of
railway as a fincul contrivauco, in-'
sn ring their administtntion in the in
tcrchts of the cenvenienco ami the com
nierce of the people requiring that they
sha3 be pelf supporting and that their
rates shall be properly related to th
ascertained eost and service and re
taining and extending the economies
and advantages of large scale produc
tion in transportation; responsibility
and relationship of the railway admin
istration to congress and other federal
authorities and to the states; guarding
against the intrusion of party politics
!,. ru'iltt-av ari-ina will nltrHCt. flnli
retain , the best talent; and mainte
nance of a tribunal for the determina
tion of controversies that will inevit
ably arise under public operation."
Meeting Of State Emergency
Board Was Called Today
A meeting of tho stato emergency
board was ca'led yesterday by Secrcta
of Rtatc Olcott for 10:30 a. m., Decem
ber 9, to act upon tho request of tho
ry of State Olcott for 10:30 a. m. De
cember 9, te act upon tho request of
the public service commission for a def
iciency appropriation of $3000 to ba
used In connection with the lnvestiga-