Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 20, 1918, Image 1

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    it t. Wea&er Report
Oregon: Tonight and Thurs-
day fair; gentle iortheast?r-
Only Cirrulation in talent Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
n . fS . 'on' n f?
0 i
... i, ,
uii iiniiif iuii uvnvi
Allied Armies Of Occupation Well On Way To Rhine-Americans
Begin Second Phase Of Advance When March Was
Taken Up Across Frontiers Of German Soil And Duchy Of
Luxemburg.-Powerful Defense Systems With New Wire
Entanglements Are Encountered.
ByWebb MiUer.
(United Frcs's Staff Correspondent.)
With The Americans Advancing To
ward The Rhine, Nov. 20. The second
phase of the. American advance 1c.gan
today when the march wag taken up ac
ross the frontiers of German terrain
and the duchy of Luxemburg.
, The columns moved in the direction
of Thionville (Btedeiihofoii) and the
eitv of Luxemburg. -
(Thionville is 10 miles directly north
of .'Utz and about nine miles from thj
Fi'O'tuco-Oermau fruitier. Luxemburg
is 10 miles north of riiionville and 12
mil is from the ''"lench frontier.)
.'''he dy-'a objectives represent an ad-,
vanco of aliout ii.n miles. The, Amen-
cans wire close on the heels of the
Gcrmana, at some points the latter 'a
rrj.i guards being sighted. '
Trains follow Infantry.
The Americans are rapidly consli
fluii!.;, the n onp.id regions. Locomo
tives diawiiii, Ion;; ('sins arc folIoA-ing
uii liiii infantrv and within a few miles
of th. front iin )
'Enormous 'p'.'.-Hi.ef of materials, are
Mill being tit ken over. i';equcntlv sup-!
flies and aniimiuition nrc abanduiied'
vi.'hout any enstud!' ns to set that the.'
ore. property duinered. . )
Powerful deftms svstenis with new
wiro entanglements are encountered ev
err f( w" miles, slinwi;.g that the eneinvl
'jilMisncd' tu'tm'ke i rcsptrate resistnn
en. . . .-
In every tow'n'is posted proclama
tion notifying the soldiers that the now
pjverumeiit is iu authority.
British Advance 28 Miles.
London, Nov. 20. The allied armies j
Is Declared That No Spirit Of
Jealousy Exists Toward
United States. ,
London, Nov. 20. President Wilson
i assured of the mast cordial recep
tion in every allied country, both from
the people and from officials. There
were many evidences today that the ex
neiitive Bead of the American repub
lic would receive a welcome such as
lias never before been accorded a for-
ei;in dignitary. Receipt of the news
that lie has definitely decider! to por
n:illy attend the forthcoming peace
conference served to malso manifest the
great respect aud affection felt on
this side for the man who hn.R so clear
ly outlined the policies of the world'
(Continued on page two)
Our idee o' Simon pure pa'eritiin is
fatin' prunes jet t' give t!i Sied t"
tti " gover Wat. Dou't be. fooled, it's
th ', public that really pavs all political
debts. '
KB 1.1 1-3 !
of occupation arc noW well on their way
to the Rhine.
. The British front siuce Sunday- has
been advanced 28 miles. Everywhere
the men have been received with flags
cheering, kisses and flowers.
Among the important cities rcoccu
pied are Brussels, Antwerp, Metz, Mal
ines, Alost, Montmedy, Saarburg, Col
mar, Mulhnussen, Zaber'n, Markirich an
Neu Broisach. The average advance has
been about 25 miles.
The advnnced elements now occupy
the general line of Antwerp, Mahnes,
Vilvords, russels, Hal, Seneffe, Charlc
roi, Florentines, Bourzeigne, Offagne,
Bertrix, Straitmont, Etalle, St. Legcr,
Atluis, Audun-Le Roman, Metz, Mor
hange, Dieuze, Saarburg, Zabern, Was
sentlieim, Molshoim, Neu Braisucn and
tlio line of the Rhine to the Swiss fron
tier. .
Surrender at Sunrise.
Harwich, Eng., Nov., 20. Twenty U
boats surrendered Jo Rear Admiral Tyr
whitt, 30 miles off Harwich, at sunrise
this morning. i
Tyrwhitt received the Gorman sur
render aboard his cruiser flagship.
Twenty more U-boats will surrender
tomorrow and Friday and the remain
der la or. . .- .'. '-
' Following their surrender the 20 sub
marine proceeded wrtb their 'Own-crew
to Harwich, where they were "boarded
by British crews. The Germans will
return to their own county later in a
German transport.
Rear Admiral Reginald T. Tyrwhitt
(Continued on page two)
Says Bulletin Furcisliid To
Admiral Was Not ''Rumor'
But Was Official.
. New York, Nov. 20. "Neither I,
myself, nor the United Press has any
apology to offer for giving to the Am
erican people as news a statement of
fcho signing of the armistice announced
as official and furnished in writing for
publication by the vice admiral. of the
United States in supreme command of
all the American naval forceg in
France. Were the same identical prop
osition presented tomorrow, we would
act exactly as on November 7. No
newspaperman could or would do oth
erwise."" ' "
v Roy W. Howard, president of the
United Press, made the foregoing state
ment upon his return to New York to
day after having spent yesterday in
Washington where he conferred with
Secretary ef the Navy Daniels and
other government officia's, folloring
his ri'tnin to the United Hateg on a
government transport.
"The .bulletin which Admiral Wil
son gave uut and which the United
Preps carried, was not a 'rumor' or a
Hc.port.' It was a bulletin furnished to
the admiral as official and so given
to us,' continued Howard.
No Ground for Doubting
"It was given to ns for publication
by the ranking active United States
naval officer in Frame. There was no
more ground for doubting Admiral
Wilson s source of news tlian there
would have been for doubting the
statement Lad it come from Marshal
"It was about 10 o'clock in the
morning (French time) when I first
l.arned of a rumor that the armistice
had been siuned. ,The reprrt was cur
rent in both French and American ar
my circles in Brest when I Arrived that
morning to embark for the united
"I put in the entire dry endeavor
ing to confirm the report. But it was
not until four o'clock in the afternoon
that Admiral Wilsrm was notTfied on
what he stated official authority said
cn what I know he had every rearon
t believe, was official authority, that
1 til? armistice had been signed.
Brest Papers Announced It
"The announcement had been made
(Continued on psj two)
Finds Stand Of Progressives
Against "0!d GuarfCon-
troi Quite Disturbing.
jProgressives Have Not Map-
I S a 4 I J .
pea uut Any uennite rro
gram Of Attack.
By L. O. Martin
Washington, Nov. 20. So disturb
ing is the progressive stand against
republican "obi guard" control of the
senate that Will H. Hays, chairman of
the republican national "committee, will
come to Washington tomorrow, it is
sail I.
Hays will find a situation compar
able to the fight on iCaunonism. The
fight today is on "Penroscism" as
applied to the taxation policy of the
government during reconstruction and
Before he comes here, it ig said,
Hays will have r9ceived a letter writ
ten him by a leading progressive, in
sisting that Penrose ie eliminated as
possible chairman of the finance com
mittee after the republicans take con
trol on March 4. This letter, it is said,
was mailed this week to New oYrk, but
as Hnyg has been in the middlo west
he probably hag not received it. At any
rtetc, no answer has come.
s - Outline Status - .
A prominent gjnate progressive to
dajr outlined the present status of the
fight against the Penrose idea. He said
prrlferessives have not theld meetings or
organized. They have simply found
themselves in accord" on this poiut-
that they would 'rather leave the re
publican party thaii 'votefor Penrose
us chairman of the finance committee.
They ?lieve, said this senator, that
election of Penrose would constitute
adoption by the republican party as
one of its policies the Penrose idea of
taxation, which is the raising of most
of the revenue through a protective
tariff, while big incomes and profits
go practically untaxed. They do not de
mand election of a. so-called progressive
as chairman. They will bo satisfied
with anyone who does not agree with
Penrose. J
Favor Rule of Merit
They are not particularly concerned
urith the rule of seniority, against
which a fight, is to "ha waged in both
lwnise and senate. Thev thoroughly fav
or, however, s;ibtitntion ot the rule
of merit for the rule of seniority in
choosing senate chairmen.
The progressives have not mapped
out any definite .program of attack,
but they believe that six of them,
pledged to knife Penrose, can do it
with the help of democrats, anil still
not surrender republican control of the
senate organization.
Six Identify Themselves
More than six have already identi
fied themselves more or less actively
with the anti-Pcniose movement. They
have no hope that Penrose will volun
tarily step aside and be content with
(Continued on pago two)
The four banks in Salem had on deposit Nov. 1, 1918,
the total sum of ' $7,:i22,652.00.
Three years ago when the call came in November, the
total deposits of the four banks was $4,473,756.00. The
increase in the bank deposits for war time period of the
past three years is $2,848,896.00.
The growth has been gradual. Starting with the
November, 1915, call the bants had on deposit $4,473,756.
00. When the call came from the government for a state
ment one year later, Nov. 1916, the deposits totaled $5,
154,732.00. Again one year later in November of 1917,
the deposits had increased to the then unknown figure of
$6,872,882.00 And with the statement for November 1,
1918, the amount had grown to the sum of $7,322,652.00.
The total deposits for each of the city banks for the calls in
November of the past four years are as follows:
115 , 191Q 1917 101S
Laddt Bush ....... ,....2,471J0 3,01 1,SS5 t3,7l9,MTO H,32386
U. 8. National 1,171,894 1,13V)R6 1,5"3,"K2 l,m,7K8
Capital National .... C22,.',1rt 772,573 1,182,240 " 937,737
Bank of Commerce"... 2O8,0r6 232,7 1U .'163.144 . -403,741
868696989888 8883868686988686989688 868686968638868636
Still Is Active Danger For Ger
mans, However, Is Be
lief Expressed.
Liberty For German Won't
Prove As Intoxicating As
To Slav Is Belief.
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Nov. 20. That thvre
is an active danger of Bolshevism in
Germany, but that Teutonic leaders arc
overplaying that possibility for their
own ends, is the official attitude of
this government today toward the Ger
man situation. This position wag re
vealed by the state department'
It was pointed out that the semi-calm
of recent days need not necessarily be
significant. Russia started rather quiet
ly, but when bolshvism burst in itB
fullness tho nation went mad. The
tare department scarcely expects ev
ents to follow the . same sequence in
Germany, for the intellvct and training
of the average Gorman aro higher than
those of the Slav. It was pointed out,
that Russia same out of actual serfdom
only a comparatively fow year ago.Th-e
German has not been a real serf, though
he has been bowed down by caste and
autocratic rule. " , v.-
Real Chance of Bolshevism.
Howvver, it was said that liberty tor
the Teuton probably will not prove as
intoxicating as to the Russian, t The
chief element id the' situation, as seen
by the state department, is tho danger
that when the dcatT of winter comes
there may be hanger through 'unequal
food distribution. That,- as President
Wilson has poinkvd out, tends to anar
chy. So the stato department feels that
there is still chance of genuine bolshe
yism, with bad consequents in Ger
many, i . .
On the other hand, the official giving
the above points added the suggestion
that Ocrmuny was overplaying the pos
sible menace in an effort to enlist sym
pathy for herself and to gain modifica
tion of armistitv and peace terms.
"Looking at tho matter from tho
German viewpoint, it seems quite tho
logical thing for thorn fto do," said the
authority. .
Ho indicated, however, that neither
this nation nor tho allies are being un
duly swerved by the Solf radiogram,
! wailing for help and appealing for sym
pathy. .
I Berne, Nov. 20. Emperor Karl still
I hopes to save his throne, according to
reports circulated hero today.
' A delegation of AuBtro-Tfungnrians
has arrived in Switzerland for tho pur
pose of urging upon the allies tho per
isonal claims of Karl for generous treat
ment. . i
( Canada's casualties in the war up to
the morning of the armistice totalled
211,358 men. -
Metz Formally Taken Over By
rrench And Citizens Show
Wild Enthusiasm.
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
Metz, Nov.. 19. (Delaved) The
nightmare of German domination in
Ltorraine ended todav and this historic
city slept tonight under the protection
oi mother- trance.
Metz was formally taken over by
the French today when Marehnl Pctnin
reviewed the Tenth army be! ore tho
statue of Marshal Ney.
French civilians and a majority of
the Lorrainers wore wildly enthusias
tic during the ceremonies this after
noon, while a small pro-German .minor
ity looked passively on.
General Mangin, injured in a fall
from a frightened horse, was unable to
share in tho honors of occupation.
Tho crowds cheered fho veteran poi
lus and the aviators swoope.JAiver head
One of the machines crashed hcadon
For AD Employes With
Washington, Nov. 20. All telegraph
systems now under goven.ment ruutiul
shall bo operated as one, effective De
cember 1, Postmaster General Burleson
ruled toduy.
This action was taken, Burleson ex
plained, "in order that the telegraph
facilities may bo used to the fullest!
extent and tho transmission of messng-i
es expedited." j
All offices will then "accept forj
transmission all clascs of messngesj
now accepted by any ono of them at
the prescribed rates."
At the same timo Burleson on'lerd
that after January 1 all telegraph em-j
ployes shall receive vacations with full I
pay. !
Those in the servico continuously ful
two years or more will ke granted two
weeks vacation. Those in th service!
continuously foione year will get ono
week's vacation.
Vacations must be tuken when as
Today's First Act Of Surren
der Of Fleet Marks Close
Of Hun Supremacy.
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press War Correspondent.)
New Vprk, Nov. 20. Today's1 first
uut ef tho surrender of the principal
part of the German battle fleet to tho
British navy is tho most stupendous
feat In German's capitulation. It means
that Germany can novcr again become
a first class naval power as iong as
surface warships of the present time
arc the controlling instruments of vic
tory at sea. The ultimate disposition
of Gemany's drcadnaughts, battle
cruisers, battleships, destroyers and
submarines, will be made by the peace
conference. They may be taken out to
sea and sunk, or they may be transfer
red to the league of nations, or they
may be divided among the allies.
Public opinion would nowhere justify
their return to Germany. They are per-1
manontly lost to the great fleet that.
Hohenzollern and Von Tirpilz created.
It is possible for a defeated army to be
reorganized. New man power comes to,
it growth regularly in all countries. Hutj
this isn't true of warships.
Recovery Impossible.
Once naval power is allowed to re-!
cede, its recovery has almost always:
proved prastically impossible. Dread
(Coatinued on page two)
into the crowded square but," .miracu
lously only a few persons were injur
ed. ' . . .
Jfumtjers of children unceasingly
shouted: " Vive la France," not know
ing any other French words lecause of
the German laws forbidding .the teach
ing of that language.
' The last of tho Germans departed
Sunday. The soldiers revolted and the
officers were shorn of their chevrons
and belts before tho civilians. There
wro no signs of disorder other, than
that four statues of Wilhelm were raz
ed and tho head broken off the staute
of Daniel outside the cathedral, the
face of which the former kaiser years
ago caused to be replaced with a re
plica of his own features. The head
less statue was decorated with a sign
on which was inscribed iu Latin 'Thus
passes earthly glory."
Shops and restaurants were busy.
Food was plentiful aud substantial with
the exception of bread. ,
There wore no wild demonstrations
after the military review, the Frenchi
element remaiuing quietly happy. The
few Germans appeared resigned.
Discovered That British Fleet
Doubled Hun Fleet .
In Size.
London, Nov. 20 (Britist, Admiral
ty wireless.) Captain Persius, the Well
known German naval critic, has chosen
tho moment when the finest vessels
of tho German navy are about to sur
render tb the allies to publish in the
Iterliner Tageblatt an article contain
ing sensuthmnl revelations. .
"The hdi that tho Gorman fleet
would bo able in a second Skagerrack
battle to beat the British fleet rested
tipon bluff and lies of the navnl author
ities," said Poreius.
"In August, 1914, flerniniiy had
about one million tonnago in warships,
while Britain had double that, and,
thanks to fhe mistakes of Von Tirpitz,
tho German material wus quite inferior
to the British,
Baved by Bad Weather
"In the .Skagerrack battle the Un
man fleet was saved from destruction
partly by good leadership and partly
by .favorable weather conditions. Hud
the weather been clear, ot Scheer's
leadership lesB able, the destruction of
the whole German navy would have re
sulted. The long range British guns
would hnve completely smashed the
lighter armed German ships. As. it was
thiv losses of the German fleet were j
enormous and on June 1 it was clear
to overy thinking man that the Skag
errack battle must be tho only one of
the war. I
"On all sides, Von Tirpitz was ad- '
vised to construct only submarines, but
lie remained obstinate.
'On Octolwr 1, several members, of
the reichstag, by earnest appeal to
the army command, obtained tho issu
ance of an order terminal iuif the con
st Miction of battleships in order thntl
the material might be used in making '
U-boats, in the meantime, there was
so great a scarcity of material that it
Occam necessary to disarm a numucr
of battleships and tako tho metal.'
Ships Disarmed
"In this manner, the beginning of
1910, twenty three battleships were
disarmed, and one newly built cruiser,
at the beginning of this year dbr navy'
consisted onlv of drcadnaughts anil
battleships of the Heligoland, Kaiser
and Margruf type, aud some of the bat
tle cruisers. All the ships which Von
Tirpitz constructed from 1897- to MKi j
at a cost of innumerable millions had
been destroyed, and the U-boats were
never able to fight against the British i
"Von ('apelle constructed very few
submarines, but in official quarters it
was still stated that Germany possess
ed an enormous number rof U-boats
and that tho losses were practically nil.
That was not true.
"In 1917, 83 submarines were con
structed, while Ofi were destroyed. In
Anril. 1917. Germany had 120 subma
rines. In October she had 1 Id. In Feb
ruary, 191S, sho had Uifl, and in June
113. Those were called 'frrnt' siibma-
(Continued on page two)
President And His Party Sail
For Europe On Big Trans
port Vessel
Navy To Provide Battleship
And Destroyer Convoy As -Mark
Of Honor.
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Nov, 29. Pr ,Wort
Wi.scn is cleaning up a mass of word
T ro.'ibiinarv to leaving the eountiy for
the J.oace conference in France, joskin
no engagements whatever cicept those
important to the task in -hand, the
president is devoting himself now tor .
His annual message to eowgrcss.whicU
will outline Jits reconstruct ioa policies
u id . disclose his domestic pvirpoBO fof
the remainder of his terin. ' : '
Dok'nuinlg what war bureaus shall
be retained during the reconstruction
leriod and which one. will be dismiss
ed. ..,,.'
Selection of tho republican member
of America's peaco derogation.
Details of his forthcoming trip to
Europe; and ', .. j
Routine , business which must be
cleared before he goes. ' :
Because the president - is uncertain
how long he may have to remain in
France, he lg clearing up details for au
indefinite period abroad.
Vessel Not Chosen.
President Wilson and 1.' party will
go to Kuropw on a big transport, a
cording to present plans. The particu
lar vessel hits not been chosen yet,
Secretary Dnniels said today.
The nuvy will provide a battleship
ntt.l dcdtrnve ennvnv tm n . minrd itf
honor for the presidential ship.
It is propo.-eil to take the entire
peace delegation on tho- transport and
lie'ii1 n largo vessel will be nieded, It
mil stated. .
As for the peace delegation, it ap
pears now that it will be composer! of
the president, f'veretury of iStato Lan
ding, Secretary of War Buker, Colonel
K. M. House and ono republican
probably Kliliu Hoot. Announcement of
the personnel will be made very soon, f .
Until latw last night tho president
discussed with senators tho details of '
pending legislation and some of Ins
ideas on reconstruction, including the
probable labor policy he will ndvoeat
and the need of building up and protec
ting , a great American merchant mar
ine. He plans to sail for France December
3rd, after delivering his annual mes
sage to congress on Doce,niber2. (
Meantime tho government is having'
many new problems presented to it for
settlement at the peace table particu
larly by neutrals wh0 took President
Wilson ns their friend. ;
Neutrals Send Delegates.
Neutrals confidently expect to scntl
delegates to the conference. Unless they
are formally invited to attend, thvy will
ask permission to send representatives.
The issues, neutral diplomats here say,
are too vital to permit silence.
They point out that nuutrals have
suffered heavily in the war and that
they must have a hand in the settle
ment to prevent future wars. '
The conference probably will be di
vided into two tortious, according to
iliplouiutic opinion. Ono will concern on
ly belligerent questions. The other will
concern the formation of a league fit
nations and all countries aro expected
to participate in this discussion.
Utilization of a leagiv of nation
may precede settlement of belligerent
claims. President Wilson regarding the
laegue ns the most essential considera
tion for a just peace settlement.
League Necessary.
Settlement of allied demands will 13
easier after a league of nation, is as
sured, diplomats say. Terms ef peac
may K entirely different In jveut of
a league of nations from those which
will be necessary if u league is form
ed. Hence the necessity for ytting thi
Continued freiu jutf unvi