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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1918)
Oregon: Tonight and Wed
nesday rain in the west portion.
Fair in the east rjortion. eentle
FORTY-FIRST YEAR'-4 274.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1918.:
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAIN'S AND NEWS
STANDS F1VK CENTS
(iJ.QOO HEADERS DAILY)
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
pf f l! I if i ! :
f i ! I! ii Il - i'l- I i I II II i3 el II 11 f ! 1 1 i I
. . vtvt yjlv V i. Vi 1 V. V . v-1 vt VIV
fSWTVtSOl HIMSELF. WILL
LASTING PEACE AT CONFERENC
win hot nn
IN All SESSIONS
Mrs. Wilson And Admiral
- Grayson Will Accompany
President To Europe.
DELEGATES WILL FINISH
U.S. DUTIES AT CONCLAVE
Chief Executive Will Return
In Time To Take Charge
By Robert, J. Bender
( United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Nov. 19. America's
i-leals for a lasting peace will be pro
pounded at too great peace conference
liy" President Wilson in person.
' Sweeping .aside all precedents, the
president has announced he will sail
lor Fiance early in December to active
ly participate in the concItie at Vor
willen. ' :.
With him will go Mrs.. Wilson and
Admiral Cary T. 'Grayson, his private
ihysieian. Secretary Tumulty probab-.
If will remain on 'this side" to assist
Vice President Marshall in conducting
the executive duties if Marshall is left
responsible for them during the prosi
tieikt 's absence),
Only unllooked for developments in
central Europe 1 will now change the
ilan to have the pcaee Conference in
mid-DErcembr, and ths domestic situa
tion hers is. expected to raise nu ob
stacle in the path of the president's
itan to attend.
While the president will be unble to
sit in at the entire conference, he will
I'artieipate in tho discussion aim aot
tiemont of tim 'main features of the
eaco treaty, Thereafter he will turn
the conduct of AmeiT.ea 's part in the
conclave over to the United States del
egates who wilt accomany him.
Tho president is now giving much
thought to the- personnel of the delega
tion. He would prefer to have it made
up largely from his own official family
members of his cabinet, of whom
those most influential tin assisting him
to shape the foreign policies of the gov
orninsnt have been Secretaries Lang
tug, Baker and Houston.
Thore wi!l be one republican at least
i tho delegation. It is pointed out by
li;s advisers that he must select a re
publican who has shown sympathy with
liis foreign principles of pence which
t-ive been adopted by tue allies also
on theirs. ' '
The conspicuous repnblcnns wb
' tnight be mentioned for the peace post
Jike Former President Taft and others,
jnined inithe attack upon these princi
ples dorilig the recent campaign. Neither-
Charles' E. Hughes or Klihu Root,
liowevcr, shared in these attacks and
It is possible one of these may be so-
'ete 1 by the president a the repub
lican representative. Sjjne believe, on
' thp other hand, that he may select his
men from, tho progressive wing of tho
republican party and in this connection
Senator Borah, Idaho, is mentioned.
Will Deliver Message
If the president goes, be will deliver
liis annuul message to confess outlin
ing his policies of reconstruction.
Jt is pointed out by his friends that'
lie will be back froui.th? conference
in ample time to take up personal
charge of his proposed legislation if
(Continued on page three)
- i :
Cards Bearing Quotations
. - From Sate Law Displayed
Large sized cards will be printed
with quotations from the state law re
garding the sale of cigaretteg to minors
and be plai t J on display at all.places
v here cigars or cigaretteg are sold. At
the meeting Jield this morning by the
ministers' association of Salem, it was
decided, jnst as a matter of education
10 have the cards printed and distri
cted. The ministers are not accusing
hey firm of violating the law, but thvy
- "V feel it would be helpful if the
. - law was better known to the deal-is
.'s well s to young men. The eards
v, ill ai?o be put on display in the SaK-in
11 ih K'inol and all olier high schools
ia the county.
PBIZE COOTIE STOSY.
Now York, Nov. 19. People
who think tho boys havs been
the least bit exxageratcd about
the cooties over there ought to
Just how tough theso cooties
really are can be .judged from
' the fast that a gang of them
have killed 24 snakes out of the
Curator Ditmar is authority
for tho story. Ho says he no-
ticcd that the snaky?, who bad'
shed their skins last summer,
were shedding them again. Ho
investigated and found the rep-
tiles had literally bevn bitten
to death by the cooties.
"They shed their skaig just
sje like n soldier afflicted with
the cooties sheds his shirt," was
Ditmar 's explanation. , y
KEYNOIE OF POLICY
Development America's Re
sources Will Be Necessity
Washington, Nov. . 19. When JPrcsi
dant Wilson delivers bis annual mes
sage to congress early iiiext month he
would sound the keynote of his leader
ship for the remaining two years of his
The outstanding themo of the presi
dent 's address will bo development of
America's resources tynd, water pow
er and minerals and provision for dis
tributioa of theso resources such as
will inure fair share to rich and poor
By onv usually well advised, it was
indicated that he would advocate thu
following in his message as mousurets
to insmo employment for tho millions
returning from war zones, canips and
Continue unification of railroads aud
canal system to insure facilities fot
Protection of the American mchchant
(Continued on page three)
HUN FLEET SCHEDULED
TO SURRENDER THURSDAY
Disposition Of Battle Craft
Wl Be Decided At Peace
Copenhagen, Nov., 19. ; In compli
ance with the armistice, the German
dreadnaughts Bayern, Grosser Kurfurst
Kronprinz Wilhelm, Markgrf, Kaiser
and Koenig Albert, and the battle
cruisers Seydlitz and Moltke, left Kiel
on Sunday en route to the North sea.
British admiralty reports said the
German fleet was to leave its bases at
5:30 yesterday morning. Unofficial ad
vices late yesterday jnid the enemy
ships would not leave until Wednes
day morning and would surrender
The ships named in the above dis;.
patch are only a portion of those to be
turned over to the allies.
llacision Left With Conclave
Washington, Nov. 18. The disposi
tion of German battle craft ordered
turned over to the associated govern
ments will be left to the peace con
This feet developed at the navy de
partment today. ' .
' This infoimation disposed of an im
pression in some quarters that a divis
ion of the spoils had been settled on..
It is recalled in this connection that
Germany had to ." surrender " all her
submarines but tho term "surrender"
was not used in connection with ma
It developed also today that Admir
al Benson, American chief of opera
tions, will probably remain in Versail
les throushont the peace conference.
Not Interned in TJ. S. Porto
Benson had a voice in the . determi
nation of what ports the German bat
SOLF IS APPEALING IN
VI FOR ARMISTICE
Hoover Will Go To Berlin To
Determine Whether Whines
Are Justified Or Not
Washington, Nov. 19' Germany is
appealing in vain for the present for
mollification of the armistice terms.
" Her latest attempt to get the terms
modified fell today on deaf ears here.
There will be no change of terms be
fore the thirty day life of the armistice
lis concluded, according to the belief.
What will 'be done thereafter m the
way of extending or altering the ar
mistice is a matter for the military
men "to decide. .
Dr. Solf has wirelessed here and to
the allied capitals asking for a tem
pering of terms as to the Rhinclands
occupation, but authorities see no rea
son to alter them now. The spectre of
bolsfoevlisni is used by Solf is a reason
.The Versailles conference and tho
associated governments took this de
structive influence into account in all
they" did, and they realize that thare
really is a danger from that source.
However, they 'do not intend to- im
peril allied supremacy through a false
'sympathy. " ', -. . , . ,
In fact, the German propaganda of
sympathy has long since begun to pall
on this government. It tis now taking
the course of withholding 'the wireless
plaints from, Germany ton the theory
that most of them are propaganda ef
forts without real .merit. '
Meantime, cable reports indicated to
day that Iteiberf Hoover would soon
go to Germany to see whether the star
vation whines of Solf are justified or
The government regards Solf's talk
of bolshevisra a3 largely an effort to
get sympathy by rather coercive meth
ods. In other words, it holds, that Solf
is trying to raise the bugbear of an
archy as a reason why . this nation
should be inordinately sympatnetic
with the plight of the iierman nation.
" PRIORITY FOE LUMBER.
(' Washington, Nov. 19 A decision giv
ing priority rating to lumber ordors for
the railroads higher than was accorded
any other class of orders, was announc
ed today by the war industries board.
This action was taken to permit con
strnction. delayed by the war.
tleships should be sent to, but it was
said today there were no recommenda
tions for interning any in American
What disposition shall be made of
American naval ships now abroad is
not fully determined.
Relaxation of the'guard lino will be
possible as soon as the German ships
are dismantled or interned. What por
tion of the American ships can then be
rctu'yed heme or assigned to other duty
is a question yet to be decided.
The Atlantic fleet is mainly station
ed in Yorktou harbor, Va. Thus far no
orders to shift it have been given. Sec
retary Daniels has just completed his
annual report to congress, the longest
one he ever made. It will be published
in December. He gives an extended re
view of the navy operations in the war,
along with recommendations,
PEACE PAEADE IN PAEIS
Paris, Nov. 19. France pro-
poses to invite the allied rulers
to witness a pea?e parr He thru
the Arch of Triumph hi le, fol-
lowing the signing of the treaty
. was the belief expressed todav,
NOT REGARDED SERIOUSLY.
" Washington, Nov. 19. Tho state de
partment today did not regard as ser
ious the question of whether or not the
kaiser had gone through the official
form of abdication. It n-f-ver has bad
official notice that he did abdicate; it
was stated, but it ha assumed that his
flight and the subsequent disintegra
tion of Prussian and the German prin
cipalities were such as to make the ab
dication a reality in any event.
MOONEY HAS FAITH IN
TO SAVE FROM GALLOYS
Labor Councils Plan Strikes
As Pretest Against Hang
ing Of Leader.
San Francisco, Nov. 19. Thonma J.
Mooney issued a statement from his
cell in the condemned row At Saa Quen
tin penitentiary today reiterating his
belief that lie will be save! from the
gallows despite the refusal of the
United States court to review his case.
The statement follows:
"The highest courts of the land, the
supreme court of the United States, the
supreme court of California, the ap
pellate court of California nave said
thTit a corrupt district attorney can
use prejudiced testimony and can con
ceal and suppress material evidence to
convict an Amorielin otstinen. These
courts have further said that a citizen
so convicted is without remedy so far
as judgment is concerned. Then they
wonder why some workers become in
fected with bolshevism.
"My cas is now finally out of all
courts and in "the nnnd9 of Governor
Stephens on my petition for a' pardon,
which petition was filed with- Govern
or Stephens in March, 1918.
"The labor movement of the entire
world has petitioned President "Wilson
and Governor Stephens - protesting
against thhe foul methods used by the
chamber of commerce through District
"President WiLson has three times
asked Governor Stephens to make it
possible for me- to be tried on ouo of
the rcmaSniug indictments still pend
ing, involving practically the same
charges" as tho one on which I was un
justly convicted, it have not the slight
est notion what ho will do, but 1 have
confidence that it is never too late for
the solidarity of labor to rijht the
terrible wrong. I know they will.
"Fraternal greetings to the organ
ized workers everywhere.
(Signed) "Tom Mooney.''
Make Final Effort
: San Francisco, Nov. ,19. Labor or
ganizations hero started today their
final effort to save the life of Thomas
The Oakland central labor council
,.n.i ,niihir fnr December 2 to
consider plans for a general strike as
a protest against Mooncy's execution.
Similar action was aniicimiteu imme
diately from the San Francisco labor
council and other organizations on tho
ccast. . ...
Mrs. Mooney today declared ner Be
lief that labor organizations will save
her husband's We.
"I can't believe they're really go
ing to hang Tom for something he
didn't do," she said..,'! still have
faith in" labor. I don't believe the
working men of this, corn-try will al
low it. Labor is his court of last re
sort, and 1 feel that somehow, some
wav, the orgnnUed workers will bring
pressure to bear on Governor Stephens
to answer President Wilson's- appeal
for his lifo. I cant give up hope yet
Mooney is sentenced to be' hanged
Ebert Sees Uselessness
Of Continued Anarchy
Amsterdam, Nov. 19 "If the .enemy
sees that anarchy prevails he will dic-
IdIa maun pnn ilitinno that will destrov
German economic life," Chancellor Eb
ert declared in an address to tne woik
mcn and soldiers at the rciclistag, a
Berlin dispatch reported today.
"We do not wnnt a 'red guard.'
Democracy will march on only if its
head is untouched."
According to the Vissisehe Zeilung,
Ebert stated that the constituent as
...mlittr will Ka .nnimnnwl nn n,i ma
'possible after the election to be pre-
: ABE MARIU :
Th' Moots-l'usey wwddin' wuz purty;
brilliant, considerin' th' groom wuz a'
civilian. It's wonderful how neat au';
tiday a couple o' fried eggs kin look
a,fter couiin' from resturint kitchen.
Ml 1 1
FRENCH TO MblFfenck Troops Near
SUNDAY OR MONDAY
City Of Metz Changed Its Na
tionality From German
To French Today.
GERMAN DOCTORS AND
NURSES FEAR UPRISING
Shopkeepers Tear Down Teu
ton Signs Replacing Them
Paris, Nov. 19. (By wireless to New
York) French troops under command
of Marshal Pctain entered Metz this
morning amid scenes of indescribable
enthusiasm, the French war official
communique stiid this afternoon.
This is tho first time that General
Petain has been called marshal. He was
promoted to that high rank this morn
ing by the council "of ministers. Petain
is one of tho youngeat and most bril
liant of French generals. He was born
April 24, ISofl at Cauchy La Tour. At
the beginning of the war Potain was
a colonel, but he rapidly gained his
general star after leading great opera
tions in tho Artois, iu Clium uguo and
particularly in the. Verdun region. In
1918 ho wns appointed chief of the
general staff and finally, on March IB,
19i6, he succeeded General Nlvello,
commanding the northern and eastern
armies. . . .
METZ CHANGED NATIONALITY.
By Frank J. Taylor.
With The French Advancing Toward
Metz, Nov. 18. General Petain entered
Mot? today. "The ceremony was sti'ict
lv military and symbolic, of the recov
ery, of Alsace-Lorraine. French, civil
ians have dominated tho townfor sev
eral days. ',
, The story of how Metz changed from
a. German to a Frenchtown last week
was told nie by an eyo witness, Lt.
Charles M. Divw of Philadelphia,. Am
erican aviator, who just returned from
a Metz hospital.
"Walter J. Wakefield of New Jer
sey and I got the news of the armistice
through newspapers which were suing
gled in by an Alsatian guard, who was
an allivd sympathizer," said JJiow.
Doctors and Nurses Strict.
"The German doctoin, nurses nnd
guards were nil right, but they were
strict. Ave felt a change in the rigid
ness of tho discipline Saturduy. On
Monday the. eleventh, tlw Bavarians on
guard at tha -hospital threw down then
arms. They were roplaccd by old men,
manv of whom carried flugs. These
self -stvled 'soldiers of tho republic'
did not salute the officers. They fra
temized with tlio prisoners Bnd liberat
ed several of them.
. "Tho Germans who bad discarded
tl.vir weapons put on Red Cross bands
and talked fearfully f the red flug
demonstrations iu tho streets. Tho doc
tors put on civilian clothes. They and
tho nurses stayed until somo French
Crowds Wearing Tri-Color.
"In the moantime, none of tho
guards prevented us from walking
about Metz. There was a strange at
mosphere." Crowds gathored and told of
their French sympathizers, boldly
wearing t1i Tri-Color.
"As tho German regiments marched
out of tho city tho soldiers mingled
with, the crowds, assuring the civilians
they had no ill feeling toward them
and saluting many of the municipal of
ficials. "The shopkecpvrs immediately got
busy and tore down erman signs, re
placing them with French, Their, sup-i
plies were meagre, but good, particu
larly the clothes.
"A thousand Alsatians who deserted
from the German army donned civilian
clothes and sought jobs running trams
and clerking m stores.
"After Monday the streets were
brightly' lighted every night. There
were many French and a few American
flags displayed. The streets were
crowdvd with happy men, women and
children, but theie were no wild dem
onstrations. We received uiimeroug in
vitations to dinners and teas. We ac
cepted one from tho mayor, who hearti
ly entertained Wakefield, two French
officers and myself, in honor of the
eity's liberation. His wife had made
French, British and Americun flags
with her own hands. Theso were placed
over the door. The mayor then appoint
ed thy four as a sort of reception com
mittee and we stood under the flags
shaking hands with a great numbcr of
citizens who called to pay their re
pects. Thy meal aad the cigar were
PEESIDENT VAN RISE. DIES
Madison, Wis., Nov. 19. Charles K.
Van Hisc, president of th University
of Winconiin, died in a Milwaukee
hospital todity, following an operation.
Vicinity of Rhine on
Front of Thirty Miles
American Third Army Completes Second Lap Of March To
ward Famous River, Halting On Line Nine Miles Ahead Of
Last Night's Positions. Germans Carry Out Armistice
TermsSurrender Ammunition And Leave Bridges Intact.
The allied armies occupation have advanced an aver
age of 20 to 25 miles from the lines established at the close
of hostilities, it was indicated in official and unofficial re
ports today. .
The general line now held by the allies apparently
runs as follows: .
Antwerp and Brussels (occupied by the Belgians);
Hal, Seneffe, Charleroi and Florennes (occupied by Brit- .
ish) ; Mariemburg, Fumay and Florenrrville (occpuied by
the French) : Etalle, St. Legar, Athus, Audun-Le-Roman
and Briey (occupied by the Americans) ; Gravelotte, Chat
eau Salins, Dieuze, Saarburg, Markirch, Colmar, JMeu
Breisach and the line of the Rhine to the Swiss border
(occupied by the French).
The greatest distance traveled was by the Belgians
who marched 26 miles to occupy Antwerp. The Ameri
cans advanced 22 miles to Athus and the British and
French moved forward 20 miles each, to Florennes and
Neu Briesach, respectively. -,: .
The French are now in German territory on the
whole line from the Metz region southward. A slight
advance by ; the Americans .will carry them across the
German border from the Luxemburg frontier southward
into the Metz region.' . 1
Conflicting reports havp been received regarding
consummation of the naval provisions of the armistice.
A British admiralty statement Sunday said the German
ships would leave their bases at 5:30 Monday morning.
Unofficial reports yesterday said the sailing had be?n
postponed until Wednesday morning and that the ships
would surrender Thursday. A Stockholm dispatch today
said that six dreadnaughts and two battle cruisers sailed
from their bases at Kiel on Sunday, en route to the North
sea. . ;..,,. . "'. .'.
POPE WOULD WIN
BACK ORIENTAL SECTS
Definite Policy Already Put
Into Effect To Accom
plish That End.
By Henry Wood.
(Uuitod Press Staff Correspondent.)
Rome, Nov. 1. (By Mail.) One of
the results of the war has been to re
new at the Vatican the long chvrished
dream of a return to the bosom of tho
Boman church of the various schismat
ic sects or Oriental rites, with which
the Eastern Mediterranean countries
abound. . ..
A definite policy towards this end
has already been adopted and put into
execution by Pope Benedict XT, and
progress is boing made. Just tts mo
world dreams of universal political
peace after the war, with fraternity
and brotherhood existing among vario
us political states, tho Vatican is look
ing forward to niofla or less of a univer
sal religious peace, at least as far as
tho Oriental schismatic churches are
concerned, and either a direct return
to the Koman fold or at Jeast fruter
nitv and brotherhood among them un
it;t ilMipAntrnl flriiritiinl head of the
Tho one. great historic fact that has
.u:U....l n,n Hit. anvtMniy
j CUIIll lUllll'll IU li". m" 'i" 'V
else, has been the overthrow or izarism
in Russia. Thv Cy.ar of all the Bus
sian church, and in general was looked
noon bv nearly all of the schismatic
churches of the Orient as the spiritual
head of their religion rather than the
Pope at Borne.
With tho disappearance from the po
litical and religious horizon of the Czar,
many of these Oriental churches are
now left without a central spiritual an
thority. Two possibilities lie before the
Vatican. First of all, to secure their re
turn to the bosom of the mother church
from which they -haw been separated
for centuries, if possible. Koeondly to
make concessions to tho various Orien
tal rite, in the matter of eercmoules
anil other details, to at least bring them
within tho sphvre and control of fha
church of Home. Tho Church of Rome
has made many concessions in the past
in tho matter of form, and it is not
considered improbable that it may do so
(Continued on. nags twd) .
Paris, Nov. 19. (2:10 p. m.) Fioneh
troops have reached tho neighborhood
of tlw Hhiuo on a front of about thirty
miles, from the Kvviss frontier north
ward, it waa officially announced to
"Large quantities of war materials
and allied prisoners have fallen into our
linnds,'' the eommuniquo smd. '
"In Belgium- we passed tho railroad
from Beuuinin to Florenville.
" Wo vntcrod Kunrhnrg, Dicnee and
Morhunge and reached tho proximity of
the Rhino between a point north of
Neu Briesach and tho Swiss frontier."
'(Nou Briesach is a mile and a half
west of the Rhine and is about SO mite
north of tho junction of the Frengch,
German and Swiss frontiers.)
Havre, Nov. 19. "We have reached
tho lino from Baosrodu to Alost," tbt
Belgiuu wur office announced today.
"Our cavalry has advanced from
Brussels toward Malines, (midway bet-
: ween Brussels and Antwerp.)
1 "Munition depots were exploded at
jthrip rail stations in. Brussels, setting
'fire to t lio station buildings."
NINE MILE ADVANCE,
By Webb Miller,
(t'nited Itess Htaff Correspondent.)
With Tho Americans Advancing To-
1 Tl... 1)1,;.,. 'K.iit '1H1()::S0 1.
in.) The American Third army advanc
ing with machiue-liko precison, nau
i ,.,,,,inlni,.,l the nei'timl Inn of its march,
j toward the Rhine tonight. It halttd on a
genera) lino fifteen kilometers (moro
than 9 miles, ahead of tho positions
occupied last night.
Hit tar as can be observed, the Gcr-
nians are carrying out thp terms of tho
'armistice in good faith. Today they sur-
t i i :n:..n.. nl l..l!ura wnrth ftf
remuueii miiiuna w. ......... .......
materials, guns, and ammunition. At
several places they turned hngo ammu
nition dumps over intBct. At Douligny,
several hundred carloads of lumber, ce
ment and stvel rails and 22 guns fell
into the hands of tho Americans.
I rode more than 60 miles parallel to
ihc lino of the advance. 1 found a net
work of light railways, all in good or
der with bridges intact. At Ixingwy,
hundreds of cars, scores of locomotives,
't.-.itn mahinfl trims, thnusnnds of rifh8)
land various other materials were sur
rendered. At many other points thcro
wers similar scenes.
Most of the town, are undamaged or
Hohtl., mi. The Gorman with
drawal continift-s far ahead of the Am
ericans, only a few enemy officers re
maining to surrender munitions, guns
(vimuiiueu on page t' "