Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 13, 1918, Image 1

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    ' ft
Only Cirrulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
LEY news service
:f i f pill SlVl H I n S5 V ! I f
Times Berates Self, Saying Its
Merely Attempt At Mis
chief Making.
Armistice Plainly Shows That
Allies Contemplate Feed
ingGermany. London, Nov. 13. (British Admiral
ty wireless.) TU6 Times -described Dr.
fcolf's appeal to President Wilson re
filling conditions of the armistice as
affecting food of the German people, as
a "contemptible attempt, at mischief
making. "
"Solf hag but to look at the armis
tice in order to see that the allies and
the United States contemplate the ro
victualizing of Germany during the ar
mistice as shall be found necessary,"
ays the' Times. "That is both right
mid wise. It is our plain interest to do
what in us lies to preserve a stabilized
government in Germany, if only in or-
oer to nave sonic responsible person
with whom to deal. President Wilson
in his address to congress on November
11 also stated that 'steps hayo been
taken to organize relief to the peoples
f the central powers. By use of their
Idle tonnage it is possible to lift the
fear pf utter misery from their op
pressed peoples'."
, The Daily Chronicle says: "Germany,
who never showed mercy, has now to
'ii jiUire it. The allies will no doubt in
these circumstances take such steps as
Immunity dictates so fur as they can
rin so consistently with feeding their
own populations.
"But that is no trivial proviso and
ll'e food cargoes that Germany has
ciiuiimilly sent to the Uottom of the.
te? cannot be fished up, even to feed
the Germans.'''
- - .
Amsterdam, Nov. 13. Albert Ballin,
managing dhector of the Hamburg
Americnn steamship line, committed
Kiicide at Hamburg when he lenmed
the terms of the arniislwe, it was"re
p'utod here today. ,
Th' onl-.- thiiig we'd want tiiat wuz
wide in Germany is a perforated hel-1
met. "I declare I don't see how th'i
killer ever ei's any sleep," said.
Met. Tiptoa Bud t'day. I
5 A , - -
Supplying Of Foodstuffs To
Central Powers Agreed
To By President.
By Robert Bender.
(United Press Staff Correspondents.)
Washington, Nov. 13. President Wil
son is ready to consider "favorably"
the supplying of foodstuffs to Germany,
if he can bo assured order is being and
will continue to bo maintained there. -
This reply has been sent Germany in
answer to her appeal for food. The
only other condition placed upon the
mutter was that there be a guarantee
of equitable distribution.
The Gorman appeal delivered yester
day through the Swiss minister said:
"The German government urgently
requests the president of . the United
States to inform the Gorman chancellor,
Ebert, by wireless, whether he may be
assured that the government of the
United States is ready to send food
stuffs without delay if pudlie order is
maintained in Germany and an equita
ble distribution is guaranteed."
The main 'portion of the answer as
given by this government through Sec
retary Lansing said:
. " At a joint session of the two houses
of congress on November 11, the presi
dent of the United States announced
that the representatives of the asso
ciated governments in the supreme war
council at Versailles, have, by unani
mous resolution, assured the peoples of
the central empires "that everything
that 13 possible in the circumstances
(Continued on page two)
Imperial Palace At Potsdam
Seized By Workmen And
- Sailors.
Berne, Nov. 13. The body of Fred
erick William, former German crown
prince has been found, covered with
bayonet and bullet wounds on a mili
tary train bound for the Dutch fron
tier, it was reported here today.
Copenhagen, Nov. 13. The Wolff
bureau, official German news agency,
announced today that the former crown
prince is with his troops at the front.
The Hague, Nov. 13. Reports per
sisted today that the lormer crown
prince was shot dead in Belgium when
he tried to cross the frontier. His
brother, prince Adelbert, who was with
him, is said to have escaped.
Paris, Nov. 13. (1:30 p. m.) The
former crown prince arrived in Maas
tricht at i o'clock yesterday afternoon
according to a dispatch from Rotter
dam today.
Amsterdam, Nov. 13. Dutch newspa
pers publish unconfirmed report that
German soldiers assassinated the for
mer crown prince when he was fleeing
toward Holland. A dispatch has bc?n
received from Berlin stating the work
men's and soldiers' council has an
nounced the arrival of the former kais
er and crown prince in Holland.
Royalty are Seized
Copenhagen. Nov. 13. Workmen and
soldiers have seized the imperial pal
ace at Potsdam where the kaiserin,
the crown princess and a number of
other princesses had taken refuge, a
Berlin dispatch reported tday.
The new German government has is
sued its first decree declaring that mil
itary discipline must be maintained.
Karl's Proclamation
Copenhagen, Nov. 13. Emperor Karl
of Austria-Hungary in announcing his
abdication, issued the following proc
"Killed with unalterable love for
my peoples, I will not hinder their
free development.
"I. acknowledge- German-Austria '
. .1
Hostilities. cease on all fronts.
Evacuation of occupied Jerri-
tories and surrender of equip-
meiit by central powers under
way. '
if. . Hiotous celebration through-
sje out the world.
Plans for peace conference
under way with President Wil-
son urged to attend by allied
diplomats. t 4
Emperor Kail of Austria at)-
. Kaiser Wilhelm virtually in-
. terned in Holland.
Reports of the death of the
crown prince.
Germans and peoples of form- t
er - Austio-Hungnriau empire.
work to bring order under new
governments. . "
Drafting of Americans
stopped and all questionnaires
now in the hands of the draft-
ees ordered returned unsigned
to local boards. .
German government pleads
for food and early peace con-
clave. ,
Fuel and light restnetiotis. ..
modified. :
sfc ;. Relaxation of some food "con-
trol measures ordered and a new
food conservation program out-
Modification of orders regu-
lating output of industries an-
- .
Questionaires To Be
1 If 1
henirneU UnSlgnCd'
. !
Washington, Nov. 13. A new
ruling by the provost marshal
general today sent to local draft
boards throughout the country,
provided that all draftees who
have received their question- si!
naires shall return them to the
Jocal board though they need
not be filled out.
The order yesterday was uiat
all questionnaires in the hands
of men who had passed trieir
30th birthday, on September 12
last, should be filled out and re-
turned and all others ignored.
To clear up any confusion, Geti-
eral 'rowder today ordered that
all questionnaires should be 10-
turned to the board unsigned.
decision to become a separate state.
"1 relinquish all participation in the
administration of state affa'rs.
"May the peoples harmoniously ad
just themselves to the new conditions"
Bound for Switzerland
Basic, Nov,. 13. Emperor Karl and
his family hav left Schonbrunn pal
ace on the outskirts of Vienna, accord
ing to the Vossisehc Zeitung. Presum
ably their destination is Switzerland.
A Few Accomplishments
Of NavyMad2 Public
London, Nov. 13. Some of the ac
complishments of the American navy
may now be made public. ' i
From American naval sources the
United Tress learns that the American
navy so far has provided escort for
900,000 troons, which is nearly 50 per
cent of the total of American troops in
France. American ships also .escorted
27 per cent of allied, and neutral ship
ping, including merchantmen, supply
ships, munition ships and troops ships.
A mine barrage 300 miles long the
longest in the world has just been
complete i from Scotland to Norway,
completely enclosing the North sea. The
American navy laid 80 per cent of these
mines, with -about C7,000 American
made, especially designed mines. This
is regarded as one of the greatest naval
feats in history and ws previously be
lieved impossible. The mines tver
transported from America to two gigan
tic American naval bases where thev-
1 were assembled.
III' V ..
German Factions May De
mand His Extradition Be
fore Socialist Court,
Joint Action By Powers Nec
essary To Send Wilhelm
To Elba.
Amsterdam Nov. 13. Tin former
kaiser has taken the name of Count
Hohenzollern. He probably will buy a
large estate in Holland and remain in
definitely. ....Amsterdam, Nor.- 13. A statement
was published here today to the effect
that the former kaiser wishes it known
that M has not fled Germany, but de
parted merely so the new government
might not be embarrassed.
Amsterdam, Nov. 13. Count William
Hohenzollern, the former kaiser, plans
to make .his permanent residence at
the Achilleon palace, on the Island of
Corfu, it was stated by well informed
persons today.
!orfu, the largest of the Ionian Is-
lands, lies in the Mediterranean ott
the coast of Albania. It is about 40
miles long and has an area of 277
square miles. The island ha? beautitui
scenery and the climate is mild.
' Amsterdam, Nov. 13. Further do
tails were available today concerning
the arrival of the former kaiser in
Holland. In a dismal drizzling rain,
newspapermen, photographers and of
ficials stood on a fence near the sta
tion platform. Some photographers
ciiuilied on top the station.
When the ex-emperor, wa'hed to his
automobile a few cheered. He started
a salute. But the cheers were drowned
out by hisses and he failed to complete
the salute.
Efforts to photograph were frustrat
ed Jiy a Gorman general who stepped
between him and the cameras.
Washington, ' Nov. 12. German fne-
(Continucd 011 pago thre
Automobile Industry Is Run
ning On Fifty Percent
Basis. -
Washington, Nov. 13. The transition
from war time t0 peace industries is
being made gradually right now. The
war industries board has made changes
in priorities listings and has ameliorat
ed restrictions, so that many lineg can
tegiu to resume peace output at once.
The automobile industry is now run-
nine on a 50 per cent basis as regards
passenger cars and can make a 23 per
cent inercase this month. A number of.
other industries are permitted -to in- 5
crease half the restrictions now apply-j
ing. Building projects can increase at j
once. Restrictions arc lifted entirely,
on lumber, cement, brick and tile pro-!
duction, transportation can ao ahead,
with improvements, cities can make in
creased improvements.
Curtailments are decreaecd with ro
spect to farm machinery, stoves, elec
trical household enuinmcnt. sewina ma-
ehiiies, talking machines, corsets, beds,!
boilers and radiators.
Houses costing less than 410,000 can
be erected without reference to the non
war construction branch. Materials
will be expedited for various businesses,
particularly shipbuilding.
1 0
5 f y :wrrcrwvo3fr vll
13, 1918
Practically Every Detail Of
Demobilization Yet To Be
Worked Out.
By Carl D. Groat
(United IJoess staff correspondent)
Washington, Nov. 13. Returning de
mobilized soldiers into industries thru
local draft boards were being worked
out by Provost Marshal General Crow
der tcday. . . 1 -
Under Crowdor's plan which is tenta
tive and still without formal approval
of the war department soldiers will be
discharged as fast as their local boards
can find jobs for them to step into.
Each local board would act as a sol
diers', employment agency until de
mobilization of the wholo national ar
my was complete.
The system would return the soldiers
to civil life by exactly the same course
as they were taken into the army.
Rough details as worked out at General
Crowdcr's office follow:
Each hoard has a record of the jobs
the soldiers left when they joined the
army, so tho jirsj step would be, to
ask the former employer if JifT wished
to re-employ the men.
All employers would be asked to list
their labor needs with the local board
anil tho kind of work the soldiers want
ed ascertained.
If a local board informed the com
mander of a demobilization camp that
it could placo fifty machinists, that
number of men coming undor tho juris
diction of the board making the e
quest could be discharged from the ar
my directly into civil jobs.
Congressmen who were acquainted
with Crowdor's plan today ciMorsed it,
declaring it was the only' ..possible way
so far suggested for demubilizing an
army of millions of men without a sud
den glutting of the labor market mid
consequent disturbances in every com
munity in the country.
Baker, his personal aides and ad
visers and tho general staff, are study
ing the various problems presented by
the cessation of hostilities. Of course,
some general demobilization plans
were made when the war started, out
these are insufficient.
Tho only policy thus far decided on
is that nothing shall be done abruptly
or in a way Jikely to upset labor con
ditions. The return to a peace basis is
to ibs made as smooth and gradual as
is possible. The stopjtfng of the draft
machine was the first step. Orders to
prevent launching of work already con
tracted for, but not actually begun, are
now going out,
"Wo far we are working'nround the
fringe of the program; we have not
tackled tho heart of it," Baker aid
He is studying the best method or
sending tho 'soldiers to their homos.
Those chiefly needed in industries will
probably be among the first to return,
thcuxh Baker made it clear that so
many considerations enter into the
prublem that nothing definite has been
worked out. General Pershing and Gen
eral Bliss in France ore wonting on this
phase of the problem also.
linker has several civilian aides as
well as the gencntl staff working on
the future of the student army train
ing corps, which controls practically
every big school, college and university
in the country. He said today that
though it is too early to announce a
victory, the aim is to return the schools
to a peace footing at the earliest pos
sible moment without doing it so sud
denly as to put any of them out of
business because of the changes from
"war courses" to their normal peace
curriculum and the removal of tho nr
mv students.
How fast to return to their homes
men now in training camps it another
problem. This will depend largely, Ba
ker indicated, on reports from Pershing
and Bliss as to e'Jnditions on the other
Private (to newly promoted
lance eorporu) " What they
give such blokej as you stripes
for boats me."
Lanc9 coruoral ".Not for
bein' lazy, gnyhow."
. ' Private "No; I knows all
nbont that, 'cos if thev dirt.
vou'il look like a Woomin' ze
' .
Can Abandon Substitutes For
Wheat, But Fats Must
Be Sayed.
Washington. Nov. 13. Warring
against famine and anarchy in Eu
rope, Food Administrator Hoover today
declared the vAmerican people munt
conserve food along new lines, that
Europe may be fed.
"Famine," he said, ''is the mother
of anarchy. If we value our own safe
ty and the social organization of the
world if we value tho preservation of
civilization itself, we can't sit idly by
and see the growth of this cancer in
tho world vitals."
He declared there are conditions of
famine in Europe, "that will be beyond
our power to remedy."
"Thore are 40,000,000 people In north
Russia to whom I fear little access
with food can be obtained this winter,"
ho said. ''Their transportation is da
moralized in complete .. anarchy and
shortly many of their ports will be
frozen even if international transport
could be realized. I expect . ttte most '
dreadful results of starvation beyond
all human power to allay." ,
Hoover's discussion of the food sit
uation in Europe was made to a gath
ering of state food administrators this
aftornoon on the eve of his. departure
for Europe to take up tho work of food
distribution to liberated peoples.
He appealed for tho necessity of con
tinuation of food conservation in the
United states, even though the armis
tice is signed-
'''From the inability of governments
to 'secure food for their people," he
said, ''grows revolution and chaos.
From ability to supply their peoples
grows stability of government and the
defeat of anarchy. If we put it on no
higher plane than our interests in the
protection of our institutions wo must
bestir ourselves in solution of this
''There are millions of people now
libcrfttcd from tho German yoke ,for
whoso interests we have fought and
bled for the last 18 months. It js now
up to us not to neglect aiiy meas
ures which enable them to return to
health and self-supporting national
"This is the broad outlook of some
kind of food administration during the
12 months. As to what the, detailed
structure of our organization may be
can be dnvelojx'd from time to time to
suit conditions. It will bo months un
til formal peace. In tho meantime, the
organization must remain intact if we
are to serve tho high purposes I have
outlined and ul'ter that we can decide
our course upon the busis of unity."
Hoover told the state administrators
that a "new world situation in fond"
requires a change in d unieitic food pol
A balance sheet of tho world's fond
supply is approximately as follows un
til the next harvest:
Sufficient supplies, with economy in
consumption, of wheat and ryo and
shortage of about 8.000.0(H) tons in
feeds for dairy animals,, sufficient sup
plies with economy In consumption, of
othr feeds, beans, peas and rice; . ft
shortage of 3 000,000 pounds in pork
'products dairy products and vegetuble
j oils; sufficient beef to' load nil refrig
erating ships available; sufficient sugar1
I for our own normal consumption if we
keep on snort rations, nut snonage 11
thev increase their rations.
This being the new world food sit
uation, created by the collapse of the
war, Hoover summarized tho prime
changes in our food policies on today's
outlook as follows:
'That we may iThw advantageously
abandon the use of substitutes in our
wheat bread but that wo would still re
quire economy and elimination of
waste in its consumption. That for the
present we need conservation in but
ter and condensed milk. That we must
extend this to all fats.
''We can contemplate et most, main
taining fully three- pounds per month
of sugar per person of household sugar
and on the .present outlook we can by
the availability of Java sugars to Eu
rope begin at once to relax more re
straints cn sugar pending some changes
in Europe's policies.
"These arc special feature in
changes of policy, but the shifting of
conservation from one commodity to
another is not the whole policy- There
(Continued on page two)
Weaker Report
Oregon: Tonight and Thurs-
day rain; warmer fast portion
tonight;, moderate soutiier'y
winds. . " -
- '
' 1
Communications Now Signed
German Legation Instead
Imperial Legation.
- i
IT 1 1 11 .
iiuiuenourg in icmixnicaion
With Workmen's And
Soldier's Council.
London, Nov. 13. Tho new German '
government) emphasizes in lirelosg dis
patches sent out from Berlin that the'
revolution is now efueetive practically
everywhere in the country and that dis
order has been reduced to a minimum.
Despitethis. assurance,- a, Copenha-
gen repcrt insisted that Monday
when the new government declared
that all was quiet in Berlin officers
and cadets still loyal to the former
kaiser were resisting tho ".vd guards'
in the capital, from the royal library
and other public buildings.
A Hamburg dispatejh received by
way of Amsterdam said that German
miiin headquarters had notified the lo
cal headquarters as follows:
"A workmen's and soldiers' coun
cil has been formed at the front with
out disturbance. H entered into com
munication, with Field Marsral Von
Hindcnburg Tuesday."
Tho Hague relayed the following
Berlin dispatch:
"The revolution has been completed
with little bloodshed, Chancellor 1'ji.erts
cabinet comprises Scheidcirmnn, Laus
berg, Haasc, Wttmann and liarth."
A wireless dispatch from Berlin,
states that Dr. Solf hnrl requested of
ficials abroad to sign communications
ni "the German legation" or tho
"German consulate," insteait of -'im-"
perinl," as hitherto.
The workmen and soldiers still have
complete control of the North sea and
Heligoland, according to ' Amsterdam
Ului.ufi.li.tu Irmii 7iiritl 11 lllinil IICC1
that republics had been proclaimed both ,
in Uerlin and Vienna.
The following delayed dispatch waa
sent cut by the Berlin wireless:
Tho workmen and soldier') announce
that the kaiser, kaiserin and crown
prince have arrived at Maastricht,
u-hr thuv ni-n nwnitimr decision of
the Dutch government regarding their
admission into Holland.
"It is untrue that Field Marshal
Von Hindcnburg is included in the par
ty. He is nt general headquarters and '
in support of the agreement wo submit.,.
Crown Prince Kulprecht likewise is re
maining at his post."
With the American Army at
the Front, Nov. l'J. The Amer
ican army is marking time until
orders come from Marshal Fpch
for the next move.
.Very few Germans were seen
along the front lines, which
gave life to tho belief that
plans were already under way
for withdrawing back, to their
own order, ... , , i
Cessation of hostilities has
wrought wonderful changes on
this front.
Marching columns of troops
going into battlo are replaced
by groups of doughboys and
poilus rejoicing at the success
of their great efforts.
Towns in thiH part of France
continue to celebrate with un
abated joy.
I . sinnlimrn. Chile. Nov. 13. The min
istry of Garcia De La Huerta Buha
' moiide has fallen because, it is said, of
nllmrrwl nrn-Oermnn inclinations. A
j great ce'ebmtiou of the allies' victory
I will be held tomorrow.