Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 05, 1918, Image 1

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WH AT IS RB
TO ASSURE PEACE
Armistice Terms Prepared At
Inter-Allied Council Have
Been Submitted.
MEAN SURRENDER
WITHOUT CONDITIONS
No Intimation Of Details Civ
en Out Except That Terms
Hardest Yet Named.
.
MUST APPLY TO FOCH
Paris, Nov. 5. Tho armistice'
tortus to be of forcd by the al
lies and tho United States to
Germany will bo transmitted to
tho Gorman government by
President Wilson, Premier Cle-.
menceau announced in the cham
ber of deputies this afternoon.
Ho declared the terms were
forwarded to President Wilson
last night. After he has ap
proved them Uo will send them
to "the imperial and demo
cratic government of Germany"
London, Nov. 5. The Ger
mans must apply to Foch, Pre
mier Lloyd-Georgo - declared in
. tho house of commons today.
"The allies are" in complete
agroement regarding the Geri
man armistice terms, which,
have been sent to President
Wilson," he said.
Washington, Nov. 5 It was
reported unofficially late today
that President Wilson has no
tified Germany she may have
her armistice terms by applying
to Marshal Foch on the field of
bat fie.
Washington, Nov. 5. Germany by
this time is probably acquainted with
the terms of the armistice, signed un
der conditions of diplomatic unity, be
tween the United States and the allied
in Paris. '
The plan, it was stated here auth
oritatively was to have Marshal Foch
convey the terms to the German army
commanders in the field.
Though no announcement had been
made as to procedure with the armistice
it was believed here that no time was
lost in sending the terms to Germany.
. That she will accept, was the flat
statement of one official and the con
fident prediction of many others. But
the situation in Germany now is not
clear and there is a chance that the
militarists may refuse to yield yet.
The allies stand united on President
(Continued on page threo)
abe mm
"It would take th'. American Army
in France, in infantry formation, three
months t' pass a given point,
want t' state right here that that point
ought t' be tbA Kaiser's palace,", said
Tie NUes Tqrner t'day. A woman
would rather marry a poor provider
any time than a poor, listener.
QUIRED
"V 262.
AMERICANS Gil
OVERTHREEMILES
TODAY'S ADVANCI
First Army Has Closed Impor
tant Stenay Gap And Is
StiH Driving Ahead.
FOOTHILLS OF ARDENNES
ONLY TEN MILES AWAY
German Armies On Edge of
Ardennes In Serious Dan
ger Being Trapped.
By Fran3o J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Armies in France
Nov. 5. (2:10 p.' m.) The Americans
gained gix kilometers (three and three
quarters miles) ' against heavy resist
ance in a sudden lunge along the Mouse
this morning.
(The cable shows -the allies liavo
cleared the left bank of the Meuse
as far north as Beaumont. .Taulnoy for
est is in tho bend of tho river between
Stenay and Beaumont, that extends
jiorth of an cast and west line through
the latter village.) ,
They captured Beaumont, Cesse and
the Jaulnay forest aud completed occupation-
of Laneuville.
American engineers threw pontoons
across the Meuse at two points under
heavy shell fire. Doughboys, pouring
across the newly constructed bridges,
drove the Germans from the east bank
between Dun and Brieulles, pushing
them back toward tho great Woevre
forest.
The First army has closed the fa
mous Stenay gap and is now within
ton miles of the southern foothills of
the Ardennes.
At Beaumont, the Americans can
look from the heights south of that
village "into German territory, eleven
miles distant..
Since Saturday the first army has
advanced about 18 miles, on a front of
about 20 miles. In the capture of La
Neuville the American lines were car
ried to the very outskirts of the vil
lage of Stenay just across the Meuse. "
The tiermans aro now piling great
masses ot reserves into mis uarrww
front to retard our progress toward Se
dan Tho important railway wmen runs
from Montmedy through Sedan to Me
zicres and Charleville, striking thru
the southern edge of the Ardennes is
already under heavy bombardment
from our artillery
The enemy also had brought up a
big additional concentration ot air
forces resulting in constant uuiui-s i
torial supremacy
In the last four iays, American uvi
ators have brought down more than
150 enemy planes
Americana Besume Attack
London, Nov. 5 American troops
of the First army, resuming their at
tack this morning, forced a crossing
nf Urn Meuse at Brieulles and Clery Le
Petit, despite desperate opposition, it
was announced in the American official
communique today,
fm.ain nf the Meuse at these
points opens the way for an extended
AmnjMcnn advance east of the river.
Clery Le Petit is a mile south of Dun-Sur-Meusc.
Brieulles, which was taken
three times before
they permanently held 'it is two miles
and a half south of Clery Le Petit.
The important Stenay gap, me i""
cipal point of egress for the Germans
in a retreat south of the Ardennes,
was definitely closed by the capture
t NTonirilln inst across the Meuse
from the village of Stenay.' Beaumont
heights were occupied, and the Amen-
can lines were camcu w ---moiaes,
ten miles directly south of Se
dan. Thirty German airplanes were de
stroved, . ' ,
ifpi, ir irmv. continuing its u'
vanee, drove the enemy into the Meuse
ralley' and cg-upied LaNeuville, oppo
!. imnnrtant crossing or tne
VI
Meuse
at Stenay," the
communique
"We occupied weauuium u
advanced to Grandes-Armm. y
captured stores, munition u 6
eer material .,
We raided Montmedy from the air
with excellent results. Over five tons
of bombs were dropped.
"Thirty hostile airplanes were de
stroyed or driven down out of control,
stroytu u flown; geven
inree uau"""" . ,,
of our planes ato
Anodes Being Trapped
London, Kov. 5.-The German arm-
(Continued on page three)
TEN DAY BATTLE BEFORE
AUSTRIAN ARMISTICE WON
SINGLE HANDED BY ITALIANS
Army Captured Three Hund
red Thousand Prisoners
And 5000 Guns.
r
By Henry Woor ' ,
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the Italian Armies in the Field
Nov. 5. At the moment the Austrian
armistice became effective, the Ital
ian and allied armies in a ten day bat
tle had attained the greatest military
victory in the world's history.
When the battle opened, more than
a million bayonets, with an auxiliary
million in the 'rear, opposed them. I'he
victory wag obtained by the Italians
practically single handed, only five Anglo-French
divisions and one Ameri
can regiment aiding them.
During the ten days the Italians and
allies captured more than 300,000 pris
oners and 5000 guns. They liberated
more than.3000 square kilometers of
territory and over 1000 villages, which
exceeds the losses of every item in the
Caporetta disaster, although they op
erated with forces far inferior to the
enemy in number.
Every detail of the battle was plan
ned in advance,' not permitting the
loss of a moment. The progress of the
Italians from their starting points av
erngod fifty kilometers (lil miles) al
though the distance traveled over the
winding roads exceeded 100 kilometers.
The first effort to negotiate with
Italv for an armistice was made Octo
ber 29, when an Austrian captain, with
a white flag, presented himself before
the Italian lines in the Adige valley,
south of Eoverto. The Italians retused
to regotiatc, as his credentials were in
sufficient.
The following day, nine military and
naval officers, headed by General
Vone, accompanied by their orderlies,
presented themselves at the same piace,
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
S POSSIBILITY
OF FUTURE WS
Germany Must Be Included or
League Will Not Be True
To Name.
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, Nov. 5. The Anstro-
Hungarian armistice conditions make
the Hapsburg empire impotent to re
sume the war, but it does not necessar
ily mean that the terms of peace to
be imposed upon the dnnl monarchy
will bo decided by America and t.n al
lies without consultation wnk fepre
sentatives of the . enemy powers.
Whether the peace treaty shall be
discussed at a conference of both sides
or whether the victorious nations shall
simply declare their purpose to the
vanquished has not been announced.
There is reason to believe however,
that former precedents will be follow
ed and the defeated nations will gath
er together with the victors for a dip
lomatic strugglo at the .conference ta
ble. This was what hanpened when
Europe united against France during
the .Napoleonic area. Arter irance was
forced to make an unconditional sur
render, French delegates attended the
peace conference at Vienna and were
astonishingly successful in what they
saved from the wreck of Napoleon's
fortunes.
One of President Wilson's terms of
peace is that a league of nations shall
be organized at the peace conference
tn ifediicfi the -Dossibility of future
The central powers muet be permit
ted to join this league in accordance
with the president's purpose or the
lnixmA would become no more than an
alliance of certain powers joined
against certain others and might be a
cause instead of a aeiem-m vo iuiuit
I conflicts. . .
Tf heri-fore. all the world's princi
pal powers are to lie brought together
into a league oi nations w v.vv.
at, the peace conference the defeated
belligerents mst De Teiiresrumu
company not omy nun
allies, but with neutral powers as well.
t ; inovitanie tnai irai'
nd finesse will play an important
. H-V..t tin.
part in such a congress. ...
al terms of peace will be, thereto,
may not depend on the military eondi-
lion g ux mo . .
The war is now moving i'
en . .wifoTMiee hall. Strategy
and tactics will find their place at tb
new meeting 8s at we ciu.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1918.
after a signal by bugles. They wore tak
en in automobiles to the headquarters
of General Diaz, near Padova, where
the request was immediately transmit
ted to Versailles.
The final signature took place there
at the earliest possible moment, after
the iernis were accepted.
Will Occupy Trieste
Amsterdam. Nov. 5 The American
fleet will soon occupy Trieste, accord
ing to reports received hpre today
from Pola.
German Submarines
Back To Home Bases
Berne, Nov. -5. Tho . Leip
ziger Nousten says that Ger
man submarines in the Mediter
ranean have left for their
home ports by wiiy of Gibral
tar. Washington, ' Nov. 5. Sec
retary of Navy Daniels was
of the opinion today that prac
tically all German submarines
have gone back to their bases.
The last official report on sub
marine siukingS showed prac
tically none and the secretary
know of no additional sink
ings since that report.
Tho, navy, hfiwever, Is not
rclaxiing in 'any respect, tho
it is beliovcd. '"t the west
ern Atlantic is- tiMipletely free
of U-boats. .. .
War And Anti-War Demon
strations Are Held Thru
out Germany.
OoDCnhascn, Nov. 5, Tho Russian
bolshevik eovernmont lias sent a noto
t0 tho allies asking peace negotiations,
according to a report received here to
day.
Copenhagen, Nov. 5. A great dem
onstration was held Sunday at tho Bis
marck monument in Berlin, in iavor of
continuation of the war, according to
the Berliner Tngcblatt.
Eesolutions were adopted against ac
cepting a "humiliating peace"
Amsterdam, Nov. 5. Germany is on
tho verge of a huge strike, intended to
enforce peace, according to a report
published in tho Berlin Worwaerts,
semi-official organ.
The Haguo, Nov. 5. Count Knrolyi
has resigned the presidency of the Hun
garian national council, according to in
formation received here today. Deputy
Johann Hock will succeed Knrolyi. The
latter has taken over the office of Hun
garian foreign minister.
Washington Nov. 9. Diplomatic re
lations between Germany and the bvl
shoviki have been broken off, Basic ad
vices today announced.
Will Quit Only When
Germany Quits
Philadelphia, Nov. 5. High officials
rof the Emergency Fleet Corporation to
day mado it plain that only the assur
ance that Germany is ready to quit
will cause them to sever their relations
with the organization. Charles E. Picz,
general manager of the corporation, an
nnnnceA that the men are ready to
leave within six months or as much
earlier as the conditions permit, tbat
thev may return to their old businesses.
Amone those who havo aireaoy negun
arrangements for resigning, aecording
to Piez, are Charles M. rtcnwaD, direc
tor eeneral: Edward JN. Jiuriey, cnair-
man of the shipping board, Charles
Picz; Howard Coonlcy, vice-president;
M. B. Tuttle, supply division; A. Mer
ritt Taylor, housing and transportation;
John 0. Hoyworth. wooden ship con
struction; Dr. Louis V. Marshall, indus
trial relations. -
SENATE ADJOUBNS QUICKLY
Washington, Nov. 5. The enate
broke aU records today when it ad
journed one minute after convening.
Sis senator were present.
n3
1.1 J Mfy 'lf
ALLIES ATTACK WHILE
The allies are attacking over a front of nearly 150
miles from the Mons canal southeastward to the Meuse.
The inter-allied diplomatic conference completed its
work at Versailles yesterday, it was announced today,
and reached unanimous agreement on the armistice terms
to be presented to Germany.
The bolshevik government -is reported to have offi
cially asked the allies for cessation of hostilities in Russia
and the opening of peace negotiations.
Thefiffhtinff on the west front is rapidly forcing the
German armies along the southwestern edge of the Ar;
dennes into a trap. . -
With the southern exit practically closed through oc
cupation of the Stenay gap by the Americans, the British
and French are shutting the northern gateway in the re
gion of Maubeuge and Hirson. At the same time the
French are squeezing the Germans along the whole front
between the two exits. '
The British fighting front extends from the Mons
canal, at Conde, southward to the Sambre, a front of forty
miles. The French, cooperating directly with this drive
are on a 15 mile front from the Sambre southward to the
Oise at Guise. .
The French f irst arhiv beean a new attack this morn
ing on the forty-mile front from the Oise southeastward
to the Aisne. in the region of Chateau-Porcien.
General Gouraud's Franco-American army is operat
ing along the Aisne from the
eastward to the left flank
near LeChesne on the Ardennes canal, a front of about
25 miles.
General Liee-ett's first
to about thirty miles, from the Ardennes canal eastward
to the Meuse, then southward along the west bank of the
Meuse. -'
Rapid progress is being
with the exception of the short strip along the Aisne,
where the Germans appear to be holding well.
The British captured the fortified town of Leuesnoy
yesterday, it was officially announced today, adding 1,000
prisoners to the 10,000 reported earlier in the day.
The Belgians have made a slight advance between
Ghent and the Dutch border, while the French and Amer
icans astride Audenarde and the British north of Tournai
are pushing cautiously eastward from the Scheldt.
In tne iace oi nese continued victories ana me elim
ination of Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria, comes
a import from Copenhagen that a big demonstration wag
held Sunday in Berlin, in favor of the continuation of the
war. .
AMERICA'S 'ARMIES
IN DEH0B1LIZNG
British Plan To Withdraw
Transportation From U.
S. Service Will Delay.
"
By Cart D. Groat
(United Press "staff eo'rrcspondelt)
Washington, Nov. 5. America's ar
mies will bo a year or two yeaTs re
turning and demobilizing.
That is tho general war department
estimate today, though the department
is doing nothing toward demobilization
until it is assured that Germany has
fulfilled our armistice terms.
Demobilization plans, however, are
all mado.
In fact they were mapped out along
with mobilization plans by the general
staff. On the whole, the demobiliza
tion will follow the selective system,
Men longest overseas and those most
needed in industry will be the (first
returned.
The shipping problem will offer some
difficulties.
Britain plan( to withdraw her trans
ports from the American service, tak
ing care of her Australian, Canadian
and Indian troops. Hence, the process
of return will be slowed up immediate
ly. Still another phase of demobiliza
tion which icU a year or two- years
foreign service for many troops is the
need for police duty abroad.
One phase of the demobilization calls
for return of men to this country for
sending them to camps and feeding
them back into industry as industry
adjusts itself.
iretarv Baker has given the plain
warning that it will be many months
before the last man is out oi ni
and back at a productive task.
Thn o-encral staff -plans are so ad
justed that there will be no sudden glut
ting of the labor market with a
(Continued on page three)
PRICE TWO CENTS
GERMANY HESITATES.
-
right flank of the first army
of the American first army
armv has extended its front
''.'',;
made along this whole front,
SWISS WANT RHINE
OPENFORCOIERCE
Germany Working On Project
lo Build Locks Above
Strassburg.
By Raymond Clapper
(United Prosg staff correspondent)
Washington, Nov. a. Switzerland
wants Germany forced at the peace
conference to open the Rhine for in
tornational commorce.
She is prepared to ask the good in
fluences of the United States to this
end.
Switzerland desires free access to
tho sea and an end to Germany's ef
forts to cut off traffic and strangle
tho mountain republic, it is learned au-
tnontativciy
If a league of nations Is formed an
appeal will bo made to international
ize the Khino and place it under con
trol of the associated powers. Return
of Alsace to France will create a strong
interest in the Khino in France as the
river will be the German frontier for
a considerable distance.
Germany has been working on a pro
jcet to build nearly a score of locks
above Strassburg to develop water
power. River boats to Switzerland
would rvc to be carried through these
locks, making the trip much longer and
more' expensive as Germany intends to
force 8wiss commerce to bear the ex
pense of tho undertaking. '
Feeling for a league of nations is
growing in Switzerland, where the de
sir for protection against the menace
of Prussianism is strong. There will
be probably a direct influence favoring
Sw'ihh rfiwircn because it now appears
certain the great peace conference will!
bo held either at Geneva or Lausanne, j
Switzerland.
The Hague and Washington also have
been discussed and in event of any
of these points being chosen, the cause
of neutrals in the final adjustment
which cause, it is stated authoritative
ly -will be considered by the confer
ees Will be materially strengthened.
r Report
I
Oregon: Tonight fair? eolder f
wept near the coast; Wedm-s
CXOOpt
day fair ami warmer; heavy
frost except near coast; light
northerly winds.
ON TRAINS AKD NEWS
stands FTVR ravr
FRENCH ATTACK
ALONGFORTY-MILE
FRONT AGAIN TODAY
Hard Drive Is Made Against
Great Elbow From Peson
River To Aisne.
REMAINING POSITIONS
ON HUNDING LINE FALL
British Capture Important Po
sition Of LeQuesnoy
With 1000 Prisoners.
Paris, Nov. 5. Tho French first
army launched a new attack on a 40
milo lino against the gre,at elbow of tho
wost front this morning, extending .
from tho Pcron river southeastward to
tho Aisno,
At tho same timo the French forces
pushed forward between tho Poron and
the junction With the British lines at
the Pambre, "extending the attacking
front to a width of f5 miles. ' -
"Eepeuted success of our troops has
forced the enemy 4o a now-withdrawal
in scvoral parts of tho front," said the
communique.
"Unceasingly pursuing Ms roar
guards, which are charged to protect
his retreat and delay our advance, out
troops, with, ever lasting ardor, are
tightly maintaining contact.
"In the region nirtheast of Guise we
occupied Bergues-Bur-Sumbio Liberat
ing "00 civilians.
"On the whole front of the firnt
army wo renewed our . attacks this
morning and mado progress. :
"Between tho Teron and the Serre
wo have taken Bois I.es Pargny.
In the region north of Hissone w
reached a line passing through the
Froidniont sugar factory, west of Au-
tremontcourt, Cuincux, uonddaiicoiirt
and Macheourt. Our outposts aro pro
gressing, with the help of our artillery
"Between Fissnne and Chateau-Pni
cien, wo penetrated all parts of the
Iliiuding position, which the enemy
still held, forcing hig detachments to
withdruw.
Our ndvauco iH general between a
point oast of St. Quentin Le Petit and
the outskirts of Uerpy."
British Take LeQuesnnoy.
London, Nov. 5. Lo Quesnoy, tho im
portant fortified town eight miles
southeast of Valenciennes was cap
tured by the British yostcrday together
with its garrison of a thousand mon,
Field Hnrshnl Haig announced today.
The British thug wiped out a sharp
salient which had been created early
in yesterday's advance.
Au additional advaneo of three t
four miles was made, after overcoming
strong resistance. In addition to
Quesnoy, the villages of Jollmetz, Lo
rond, Queue, Frnnzoy-Le Petit and Ma
rais were captured. Further progress
whs made in Alormal forest.
"Tho walled towrt of LeQimsnoy wns
completely surrounded and foil into out
hands yesterday afternoon together
with the entire garrison of over 1,000,"
the statement said.
"In tho sectors south and north of
LeQuesnoy, tho thirty-seventh and siv
ty-sccond divisions, in hard fighting
yesterday, took many prisoners.
"Having overcome strong resistancl
about Lovignes-Les-Quosnoy and Oisin
val at tho outset of the . attack, the
thirty-seventh and sixty-second divis
ions pushed forward rapidly on the
flanks of tho New Zealand troop ad1
vancing with them to tho depth of be
tween three and four miles and captur
ing the villages of Jolimctz, Lerond,
Quene, Frnnzoy-LcPetit and Marnis.'
"Yesterday evening we made, futhef
progress in Mormnl forest. ,
"East of Valenciennes we capture
Eth."
Asks For Investigation
01 Mistreatment At Fort
Seattle, Wash., Xov. 3. Major Fran
Pease, field director of the Red Cro
at Fort Worden, telegraphed Frcsldonl
Wilson this morning declaring thai
gross brutality of nurses and mistreat
ment of soldiers has existed during the.
influenza epidemic at the fort.
Tense appealed to President Wilso
to step into the breach and give Justie
to nurses and soldiers alike. i