SIX THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM. OREGON SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1918. it n n 4t The Valley Motor Co. Front and State Streets 4HM t H t t ! Hints for the Motorist ; By Albert L. Clough Eeview of Eeviewi Copyright, 1917, by The International Syndicate. The Temperature Regulating Thermostat. - CHE THERMOSTAT USED In these water temperature regulating de vices U usually of the vapor type and consists of a small vessel partly filled with gasoline or some other volatile liquid, which is closed vapor tight, by a flexible diaphragm. This vessel Is exposed to the circulating water, either by being placed In the water space over the cylinders or in a by-pass to the radiator which allows a small but free cur rent of the" hottest water to flow around it.- So long as the water tem perature surrounding the thermostat is below the boiling point of the liquid within it very little vapor is formed and there is practically no vapor pressure exerted upon the diaphragm to distort it. When, however, the ' water temperature reaches the boiling point of the Uquid in the thermostat, . vapor is rapidly formed and pressure begins to act upon (he diaphragm to an extent increasing with the temperature rise, distorting the diaphragm, the movement of which is communicated to a rod, the motion of which can be utilized to open or to close a valve, as conditions may require, or to open the' slats of a shutter typo of radiator shield. The elasticity e the diaphragm returns it to its original position upon the cessation of vapor pressure occasioned by the cooling of the jacket water and performs the reverse action upon the valve or the radiator shutter. By using liquids rf various bolllng'polnts in the thermostat, the temperature at which It begins to act can be altered. piiANKTAUY VS. SIJDINO GEAR W MILK DKLIVEKV. O. M, Ii. writes: I am covering a milk route with a Ford car and have (0 to 60 deliveries to make on each trip. Several dealers are 'urging nvb to trade in my car and buy one of theirs, but all of these have sliding gear transmissions, with the opera tion of which I am unfamiliar. Would the three speed sliding gear prove a benefit or a drawback in my work? Answer!- If jour roulo Includes many grades or crowded tralHc eon ' dtlions, which force you to use the low goar of your present car for con siderable distances, you might nave some time by using Instead the sec ond speed of, a three t.peed car, but as to siurting, after making; your numerous stops, your present car re quires many less control motions than would a three speed car. At each start, with your present car, owe . motion of the hand and two with the foot are required whllo, with a three speed car, to put it into high gear would require four hand motions and six foot motions, if all 'the gears wore gone through. At very (stop, with yuur present car, ne act ot the hand and one of the OMcifion 0 general interest to molurlnts mill be answered in this column, space permitting. Address Albert L. Clough, care of thie office. TRADES Mr. Business Ao t mtfnM -C ' . ... ..m... lUdltd j I. .1 ' 1 l in th North End i honoveombed with tight to recover for the benefit of the SilOUlCI COnSUlt the JOUrnal SiU and caverns, which. wake it school children of the state large hold . . . . (practically impossible to unearth the iims of land which he has evidence to Inh Dpnrrn-ionf Vof rr. r1sinrr !men ccnd'uctiivf the lotteries. This was show were obtained from the state IOO ICparirneni UerOre piaCing ("h0 first the pi.lie knew ,.f an under-1 through fraud, when the chief execu your printing-we are satisfying Salem's leading firms put us en your calling list. Phone 8 1 Gars for D We still have a few new Overland cars for immed iate delivery, but the supply is limited. Also have new trucks in 1-ton, 2-ton, 3 1-2-ton and 5 ton capacities See them now on the floor. Used Tractors We have a few used tractors as good as new that will be sold at liberal reductions. Have a Sampson in A-l shape also a Russell tractor just overhauled. Fordson tractors scarce and MHtM e foot are required while, with a three speed car, two acts of the hand and one of the foot are necessary. Whether the additional fatlque upon yourself, the extra wear and tear upon the transmission and the lose of time Involved in getting on to the regular running speed, with the slid ing gear' car, would more than offset the advantages which three speeds would afford, In your particular case, we do not know. CHANGING RKAli TIRES TO FRONT WHEELS. W, R. M. usk.si After about how many miles service Bhould the rear tires be changed to the front wheels and vice versa? 1 find that most motorists do this. Wine is a now car with the original tires on It, Answer: No rigid rule can be given. When the non-skid rubber o tho rear ,U res has pretty well worn away and the treads are beginning to become thin, it Is a good time to make the change as, by giving the rear tires n chnngo to the easier service met with at front, the com plete wearing through of their treads and tho exposure of the fabric to road wear will be somewhat de terred. .' Man If UI CWUUUlUy VUU!R.iir'e to.lnv explained that Chinatown elivery hard to get Elbert Thompson, Mgc Shipworkers Have Indorsed Pierce For Governor Walter M. Pierce .was indorsed as a candidate for governor by the Paciric Coast Marino District council, which in cludes all wooden shipworkers, at H meeting held Saturday night. The an nouncement was niado Tuesday after' noon. . rue council adopted the following slogan to bo used in its campaign for tho election of Pierce "Unless the work ers put Pierce iu for governor oor gov ernor will put in a pierce for tho work ers. - ' feEAL INFLUENZA VICTIMS Portland, Or., Oct. 26. Two chorus girls and a chorus man stranded by the influenza epidemic today occupy frte rooms in the county jail. The girls trlatiys Valles and Mild red Fitzhonry are- crarged with rob bing Mike Markich of $1000 worth of postal savings certificates. Steve Val lanie i charged with failing to regis ter. . Ti The girls admi tted taking Markich 'a suitcase from a room adjoining theirs in a hotel and cutting it open, They said they did it to get money to send Vallanie to San Francisco. MAJOR IS KILLED Tacoma, Wash., Oct. 20. Officers at Camp Lewis expressed great regret to day over the death of Major Alexander Cronklute, who accidentally shot himself through the heart while at target practice yesterday. Death came almost immediately after a bullet from 45 caliber automatic pistol entered his breast, . , Major Cronkhite was a son of Ma jor Gejierul A. (Jronkhite, in command of the 80th division in France, tie was with the 213th engineers.' ' ENTIRE DISTRICT OVER TOP Knn Francisco, Oct. 20 The Twelfth federal reserve district has oversub scribed its liberty loan quota by about $25,000,000, those in charge of the dis trict campaign said today. Every town and county in the dis trict went over the ton. Exact totals are not yet compiled. SHIPYARDS ABANDONED , Oakland, Citl., Oct. 26. Resumption of work on the Liberty shipyards in Alameda is not likely, said Rear Ad miral H. 11. Rousseau, I'. S. N., who is, here today on an inspection trip. Work on O'e shipyards, whieh were designed to build army transports, was stopped several days ago nfter -the government had spent $',300,000. COUNTY CORN SHOW. L. J. fltapin, representing the Salem King Products C o., was aerc Friday Tin stated Unit tho Marion County Coin HlmuMu ill li held t Hnlem. thn second week iu-December, under the auspices of the Salem Commercial Club. In spite Lf !.., ,ir.. ,. the cm-,, viebi. V and HualHy of Marion county 1, , the ;bet ever, and the show will bo ike - j............ , ..... v ; the expenses of the litiKiitton and was the sao a3 lust year. Cora products' doiug all he COuld t0 keep the case will all have a prominent place in tho,frnm bejng S(luelched tbe governor i premium list. If you are interested, write I.. J. t Itapin, Miiem, uregon. Aurora Observer. Lotteries Flourish In Portland Police Assert I'ortland, Or., Oct. 26. Faced with the 'assertion that two dozen lottery I samoa are flourishing in Portland, the te-round V IllliatOWll. " " I ..... . . :J Hhtyai woracrs, i 1 on- SueudW their readv money 011 the' h.uij uw iUIiib 01 urrBon hi lotteries, where thousand,, of dollars!1? tnte wttr cf proposed coasoll- iehauge hands weekly. Chinatown .-here ivers an-area about" ten blocks square Journal Wast Ads Pay CONSOLIDATION PLAN UNDBIOCRATIC SCHEME .-- ; - I Portland, Ore. Not only would the state' consolidation commission, ap pointed by Governor Withycombe, and which recently made public Its report, make the office ef Secretary of State appointive by .the' governor, but it. would also deprive the voters of the privilege of electing a State Treas urer, a Superintendent of Public In struction and an Attorney-General. The only offices which would be left elective are those ot Governor and State Auditor, a new office to be cre ated. All others would be made ap pointive. Before these changes could be made, it is pointed out, the constitution would have to be amended. But the commission finds that the state con stitution is very much antiquated and recommends that, In the near future, a constitutional convention should be called "in order that a systematic over hauling of the framework of the state government may be made." When all the elective offices are abolished and the governor Is given' power to fill them by appointment, the commission also recommends that he should have authority to remove any official at his pleasure without cause. I: This recommendation. Is made, the ' commission points out, so that the governor might have political control at all times. ; "Heads of the principal state ad ministrative' departments and possibly one chief deputy In each department," says the report, "should be subject to political control through removal at any time without cause, in accordance with Oregon laws of 1915, Chapter 834." , The chief reason assigned for want ing to make all the state offices ap pointive is given as follows: 1 j i "It would relieve the voter of a bur , den which be is not qualified to bear." ' Those who give the least thought to the commission's recommendations, also see where, if they were adopted, they would place in the hands of the governor power to build the prettiest political machine that was ever seen in this state, which In the past has had experience with some rather fancy political machines. Other far reaching effects might be expected to follow if .all state officials were made answerable to the governor instead of to the people. The experi ence of Attorney-General Brown in power case is cited as an illustration. ' That case had been carried on appeal t0." 8 V. t6.d ,Stat.e9 8UP.reme. ou.rt' The issue was clearly one in which the great water power interests were on one side and the rights of the publlo on the other! i Governor. WithycoiSbe ordered Attorney-General Brown to intervene in behalf of thV water power Interests. The attorney general did not approve throwing th3 influence of his office against the rights of the public and In favor of a' great water power mon opoly. But he bad been oVdered to in tervene by the governor. So what did he do? He merely filed in the United States supreme court the governor's letter to hint directing him to inter vene. He filed no brief or petition of his own writing, aud the court and the public knew the attorney general was not in sympathy with the gover nor's stand. " But if the attorney general, as the governor's consolidation commission proposes, had been an appointive crea ture of the governor he would have been compolled to resort to any tactics' the governor requested to aid the water power monopoly and defeat the interests of the public iu the water powers of the state. The governor and attorney general also were on opposite sides when the governor stood with those who were trying to block the government in its tight to recover the Oregon & Califor nia railroad grant lauds. The attorney general stood on the side of the peo ple and for recovering the millions of acres which the railroad company had held for years in violation of its cov enant with the government. But if he had been an appointive creature of the governor, subject to removal at the pleasure of the chief executive without cause or for political reasons, he could not be an independ ent legal adviser of the state. Similar influence from a chief exec utive, who would stoop to use the power of his office for political pur poses or to serve private interests, would alse have a baleful effect upon other important state officials. If the attorney general had been subject to control by the governor, the Pacific Livestock Company land fraud case, in which 20.000 acres are in volved, would undoubtedly have been ' ordered dismissed Ions aw. As It is the attorney general feels confident! fhat he will recover a" large body of ,anl whk'h wil1 rtch the state com- ! nrnpy ' , f.ghtlng for approprilltlou to pay was seeking to have the case dis- missed. The governor sought to have the state land board order tbe case dismissed. The board declined to take action. . He then said he would order it dismissed If Secretary of State Ol cott would join with State Treasurer Kay in giving a vote of approval. Ol cott refused, and the case was Hot dismissed. . . Hut if the attorney general had been 1 an appointee of the governor be Would have been in ncUosition to make a I uumrau, uuiuuig, in Irtlil . . . - uiu ip.n.nm uiwiius l ", - - . . i UH. C. J. SMITH. ID) i&ePMDllIlC 21 . We are pleased to announce that we have a direct Factory Contract on Re public Tires for Marion and Polk counties and part of Linn county. These tires are guaranteed for 5000 miles and there is nothing better made today in the tire industiy. All replacements and adjustments are made by us. Our policy since.open- ' ing business in Salem has been on the lines of courteous treatment and lib erality toward our customers, which has succeeded and we purpose carrying out the same policies on Republic Tires. We want every car owner in our territory to thoroughly investigate this HONEST built tire. We carry them in all sizes and enlarging our stock every few days. Plain Treads, Rib Treads, ' Staggard Treads and Cords. , - Salem Automobile Co. F. G. DELANO Distributors for Republic Tires, Chevrolet and GETLMAN" SKIPS I'F8TTifVVT'n r San Francisco, Oct. 26. Six German were destroyed by their crows in I V, J J". , , l-i.- J August following a series of allied sue- cesses on tho western front, according to Louig Falk, American editor, who, reached San Francisco today from the South American republic. South Am erican Huns, he said, were - panicky over German reverses. ; ' u v . Revolt is Keported -Basel, Switzerland, Oct. 26.Vienna newspapers aro. publishing articles rel ative to preparations for demobilizing the army, Ono newspaper says, that two infantry regiments stationed at Karlowitz have revolted, Karlcwitz is a village in Croatialavonia, Hungary Letters To Soldiers Just to make it clear as to'how 1-et-lors should bo addressed to soldiers, the following form is shown. This sample address is sent out by the Washington p'ostnl officials and approved by .army authorities. Here is tho form for the address and also tlvj return address: From . ' Mrs. John Doe, ' 79 Bob Street, Saloni, Oregon. ' - ' Sergeant John K. Doe, Co. D, 93d Infantry, American Expeditionary Force Complaints are being received by postal authorities that letters have not boon delivered to soldiers. If the wri ter would place tho .return address on tliw upper left hand corner of the en velope, then if. the soldier cannot be lo cated, tha letter will bo returned to the sender. ships were destroyed by their crows in I If a a t . 4 4 . 4 BRITISH DAYUUiHT I'ATROI. WHICH- HAS STARTED TO MOP THE ENTRANCE OF A PVVOfT DEMAXD1XG THE CERMAX8 TO Di - ifJ wm mm, o PHONE 97 246 STATE STREET, SALEM, OREGON I Wecanstopthatleak and repair your punctured tires as good as new " "'"' '"."vith.'dur' system of - r;"" "7r- Flawless Increase the life of your tires by sending them to us when they are in need of repairing. We are able to guarantee our work because we know from experience that it stands the test of wear. You will be agreeably surprised with the result both as to the workmanship and the price. H ontys 177 S. Comercial , Canita! journal Want Ads Will Get You What You Waal mes A.I.EOFF Scripps Booth Cars. Vulcanizing Phone 428 VP .EXBM.Y TRENCHES CQVFElXti SUBREN'DER Tire Shop 1 s I I i it f ( k.