Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 19, 1918, Image 1

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Only Circulation is SaVm Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureaa ef
Oregon! Tonight fair wills
light frost in the southwest por
tion and Wavy frost ia the eat
portion; bucilur gent-raily fair,
light southerly winds. . -
m Tin i rt r : .1
it, I
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H I W ffl n I ift f I 111 i i) V (AY V
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VLaU UU Uli Lili J LI UIJ Li HUlil Li II IW V H ULba U
Cermans Strengthen Defenses
In Hope Of Holding Yan
kee Advance.
Anglo-American Attacks In
Boham Region Made Im
portant Advances.
By Frank J. Taylor,
; (United Press Staff Correspondent,
Yance, Oci. 19. (Noon), The Ameri
cans made a new advance of about two
kiloniei's (a mile and a quarter) in the.
region north of Chanipignoulle and
Bantheville (a front of about fifteen
organising their new positions. .
o'rgauizin gtheir new positions. ... '
; TJ;' Germans arfr hastily strengthen
ing their defense,' along the heights
wegt of Ainoreville (five. miles north of
Brieulles) whieh are roughly about two
kilometers north of the present line.-:-'
French Cross Olse Canal
j, ; Paris, Oct., 19. French troops, cross
lag tkVOlse canal en a wide front, hare
erftproached to within a mile hnd a quar-.
le.r of . Otiiso, the French Official cora-
immique Indies f.d today. ',?'
Additional gains were made in the
Aisne region west of Attigny.
"During the night the First army
oaiitiuucd its victorious advance and
drove the enemy, who atjjmpted to
hold at all costs, from tl.'j west bank of
the Oise", said the communique.
"We reached the canal from east of
.Me enemy' between the Aisne and the
ville. Hsnnanes. Ti.nirnv. nJ Nnv.
ales, also the' majority of the localities
boruvring the canal, are in our hands,
"During the battle in this region,
since Oct. 17, we have .Jaken over 3000
prisoners, 20 guns, many machine guns,
important material and a, complete mu
uition train.
"On the Aisne front Wo cleared out
t.v ucmey between the Aisne and .Die
canal and west of Attigny took Ambly
and Ilaut and some prisoners.''
Attacks are Contained.
London, Oct. 18. (Delayed)
fuid American
!foops continuing their I
pttack between LeChateau and Boliain,La nof he shall be the judges of what
(have captured the important - railway
ivuier ui Yvassiguy, c lent jiarsnai iiaig
reported tonight. Fighting is -still go
ing on in hat region.
. Further progress was made on the
whole front from the North sea to the
Henseo river. Additional advances of
juore than fiw iniles were made bo
ityvceu Lille aud Douai. The British cap
tured Toiircoing and Roubaix and pass
ed eastward of those ei.'ies. Occupa
tion of 'Douai was completed.
Anglo-American troops continued
'thCir attack betWtvn Bohain and Lo
Inteau today and made good progress in
.co-operation . with ihe Friich on their
.ritfht", the 'statement said. , "
, " Despite ' heavy resistance, the ne
ciny was driven from hig postion We
captured 'WosKigny and Ribeauville
sod entered Kaziel, where fighlug is
still qoing on. Vvre took 1,200 prisotters!
an 1 a few ufu in these operations.
"Hetweit the Sense canal and the
!.ys riv.r, the enemy ret.vat, forced by
Hie allied success, con inued.,' Despite
considerable Opposition by the enemy's
rear guilds, wi made a further advance
five miles. '.
"General HarneV first army eom
jileted the capture of Douai aud pro
gressed east of the'town. On this front,
we reached ttv general line of Mar-
quette-En-Ostryant (a mile and a half
west of Bouchain), Masny (five miles
east of Douay), Bersee (seven miles and
a hoif northeast of Douai), Fretin (five
miles southeast of Lille), Saignhin (two
miles northeast of Fretin), and Ascq
(three miles and a half 'east of Lille).
' To the northward. General Plumer'g
ecMiond army advanced eas.taard of JJou-
baix aud Turcoing." j
l & Kntish continue to advance north
of the Se'nsee canal, making an addi
tional gain of more than three miles
-011 a wide front northeast of Douai.
Eassl of Lille the British crossed th?
Marque river a'nd approached to within
less than eight miles of Tournay.
"Further progress was made yester
dy evening northeast of Bohain", the
statvmcnt said.
"We captured Mazinghien and eom-
( Continued on page two)
Answers Peace Note Telling
Of Changed Conditions
Since Speech,
' Washington; Oct. 19. The' United
States today answered Austria-Hungary's
plea for peace with the reply
that conditions are so altered since
January 8, that we cannot now accept
their autonomy plan as a basis of peace
Instead,, he insisted that the oppressed-peoples
of the dual empire 'J shall
be the judges of what action on the
part of the Austro-Hungarian govern
ment will satisfy their acpirations."
la substance It was a refusal to do
any peace business with Austria.
The note, as transmitted from Sec
retary of State Lansing to the Swedish
minister, said:
"I have the honor to acknowledge1
the receipt of your note of the sev
enth instant in which you transmit a
communication from the" imperial and
royal government of Austria-Hungary
to the president.
I am now instructed by the presi
dent to request you to be good enough
through your government to convey to
the imperial and royal government the
following -reply:
" 'The president deems it his duty
to say to the Austro-Hungarian gov
ernment that he cannot entertain the
present suggestions of that government
because, of certain events of the ut-
Lmost importance which occuring since
the delivery of his address of the
eighth of January last,, have necessar
ily altered the attitude and' responsi
bility of the government of the Unit
ed states.- 4 ,s:.u- - . -
" 'Among the fourteen terms .Of
peace which the. president formulated
at that time, oceurred the following: '
" ' 10 The peoples of Austria-Hun
gary whose place among the nations
e wish to see safeguarded and assur-
ea, should De accorded the freest op
portunity of autonomous development.'
" 'teince that sentence was written
and uttered to the congress of the Unit
ed States, the government of the Unit
ed States has recognized that a. state
Of belligerency exists between the
Caecho-Slovaks and the German and
Austro-Hungarian empires and that the
Czechoslovaks National Council is a
de facto belligerent government, cloth,
ed with proper authority to direct the
military and political affairs of the
" 'It has also recognized in the full
est manner the justice of the national
istic aspirations of the Jugo-Slavs for
freedom. .
The president is, therefore, no
. ' longer at liberty to accept a mere 'ati
British tnnftmv' nf thesn neorlleR sa a basi of
no.., hut nnlived tn iiisist. that thev
action on the part of the AtiBtro-Hun
garian government will satisfy their
aspirations and their conception ot
their rights and destiny as members
of the family of nations.' "
The text of the Austrian note to the
president said: '
"The Austro-Hungarian i monarchy,
which has. waged war always and sole
ly as a defensive' war and repeatedly
given documentary evidence or its rea
mi aocumentary evmence 01 us reu
to stop the shedding of Woodbind
it5J.U VtiA0,.
ship, the president of theiJnited States
me "v"- . ,
of America and offers . to conclude
with him and his allies an armistice
on every front on land, at sea and in
tho air, and to enter immediately upon
negotiations toward a peace for which
the fourteen points in the message of
President Wilson to congress of Janu
ary 8, 1918, and the four points con
tained in President Wilson's address
on February, 12, 1918, serve as the
foundation a'nd which with tho view
paints declared by President Wilson in
his address of September 28, 1918, will
also be taken into account."
Camp Dodge, Iowa, Oct. 19.
Because of sensational head
lines, Hearst's Chicago Ameri
can has been barred from the
amp here;
c Germany Surrenders; Kais
er Out," was the headlines that
brought about the disbarment.'
Washington, Oct. 17. The ban of
the' use of automobiles on Sunday was
hinconditionally lifted today, effective
immediately. Fuel Administrator Oar-j
fiold said that no restriction will be ,
pined on the usg of automobile,! na1'
g-uUae stocks again become uauge
oi'! low. He added that prior.ty ti
leri v.i!l be issued for overscan v'.te
High School Loses More Than
Others As Boys Have
Gone To War.
Although doxwns of families from Sa
lem have moved to Portland or other
Ci fes calling for ship yard workers, the
attendance at the city public schools
after two.weck8 session is not mater
ially different from that of one year
ago. The greatest tailing on is in ne
the high school and this is accounted
for from the fact that so many of the
older boys have enlisted during the past
year, uuc year ago .ne attendance ot
the Salem high school was
registration "ow is
In .'he grades just below that or tne
high school, there is no great difference
iu the attendance, now and one year'
ago. A.I the Washington Junior high
school; in the .three higher grades one
year airo thw resistration was 366 while
this year it is 356. In tlie Lincoln jnn- according to best information available
ior high' in the three upper grades the ae,e today, will not be decisive,
attendance ono year ago was 142 while . 1 of to(Uv,( difipatehes rom Hol.
"U,5;T J I the th,eanhl,C lttnd 8-itzeriand indicate that the
..or Ijigh school, iit the tk.ee higher 0erraan milit8 9te enccceded ia
grades the attendanec was W whfl teventi compite( submig9ion.
this year it is 135. Compared to ono The generaiy aRree that in
year .go.m.the .upper grades, Wash- hgl 'G(rais wiUVk-to prolong
ington- has lost 10, .: Linjoln 6, and the discussion
Grant 14. ',..'!'.i t ' . ,, ' '""'',''
In the pimrr grades, he (eretwst ' fg Clamm Won '
loss is ia the Englewood school. Oua. London, Oct.- 19. ? Intervention, by
year ago the attendance at this time the ruiing eaMCs in Germany restorod
was 175 while thB registration todaj is tne kaiser after he had actually .odi
only 10k - '- . . cated, and hUcrfcrred with the sending
Garfield school iH holding its ow. 0f the reply to iPrcaidcnt Wilson's last
Ono year ago tl.v? registration was 242 not; the Chronicle today declared it
while today it is 244. . had reason to believe. ,
Grant school in the primary grades y According to this newspapers be
has lost 12 pupils in the year. One lief,' the kaiser abdicated for several
yoar ago the registration wag 132 whilo hours and probably even signod his ab
today it is 130. - dication. An agreement on an armistice
Highland school showg a registration under Wilson's terms was Teached, and
of 14 less 'than one year ago at this ,wasvctually nder way rwhen the rul
timo.In 1917 at this timc in Octobwr ing caste intcrrenedi caused cancella
the pupils numbered 162 while the rcg- tion of the note and restored the kais
istration now is 148. ' .
Lincoln school in the primary grades :
now has registered 184. With the In' connection with this report, it was
closing of the McKinley school, i.ts noted that there were many rumors
pupils mostly were sent toX.incoln. One early, this week of a reply already be
yenr ago Lincoln had in the primary ing en route, then neutral news centors
grades 146 and McKinley 49. 1 received accounts of the arrival in Iter-
. Park school shows a loss of 15 pupils u ? Hindcnburg and other military
,...,1 win, nno var .im The leaders and -at the same time riots
registration for Park in October of 1917
was l4
is 149.
today it8 registration
,-2uUirXLf.?C'?r'' . LTl
"1 L J ' ' ' 1 a nl J.. "I
"e ," . " " -
registration was 100 while today it is '
. . .. ' . ., . '
The resistration now m the Bich-
mond school in 140 showing but little
change from that of one year gao. . -.'
Hence .notwithstanding thvs fact that
so many families in Salem and vicinity
have moved ,to the ship yard cities, .'.Tie
attendance in the public schools shows
decrcase of only 163 compared to one
Half of this numl, is ac-
"""tea for m the young men of the
98,1001 whofw7t th
As many are out of school on account'.
of crop conditions, the prospects are
mm miuiu a muuin ur so, mc urgm-
tration of tho city schools will compare
vjrv favorably with that of one vear
ago. The total attendance as regis
tcred last week in the city schools is 2,
349. One year ago it was 2,512.
King And Queen Visit
American Prsoners,' Officials are at a loss to knew ex-'
. , 'actly whether Germany 's reply is com-1
Dartford, Eng.," Oct. 19. King ing directly or whether it will be de-1
George, Queen Mary and Princess Ma- layed while a peace atmosphere is fur
ry visited the Bed Cross hospital here ther created. .
yesterday, where 2000 wounded AmcrJ They do not anticipate that there '
icans are being cared for. 'will be further discussion from Gcr-.l
stepping from his ntomobile, the
king was greeted by Sergeant E. J.
Donnell, Chicago. He shook hands with
Donnell and talked with . him.
The king then conversed with Lieu-
teant Irving-P. Corse of Minneapolis,
wo was wounded by a shell fragment Wilson has set for them the only way
while flying over the German lines. out a path nhblotted by Hohenzoll
"But I certainly bombed the Ger- ernism. Neutral diplomats here believe
mans, ' Corse iid. "
Accompanied by Bed Cross officials
the king visited the doughboys' wards
talking and joking with them and
lalinlfinor hands, fla tftll f.ioiflan.nt T
Pr Kerrigan of Rutland, Vt, who loi-t
a w ; Pr!hice. of the wonderful d-
vances made in the manufacture of
artificial limbs and expressed the hope
that Kerrigan soon would be able to
walk without crutches. ,
''The American Bed Cross is doing
a wonderful work in England." the
king told Captain Frank American of!
Buffalo, a Red Cross official and for-
Rumor, Current -4 That Kaiser
Was Forced To Withdraw
On Other HdPresdsstFd
soa VrTI Kt Accept Half
Hearted Proposals
Londqn, Oct.. 19.--(12.i0 p. m.)
Germany's reply to; Piesident Wilson,
were reported in the German- capital,
By Robwrt J. Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Oct. 19. The United
9 governn)cnt win fefpt halJ.
hearted measures of political reform in
Gcrma and in Al)fri fl8 basi(J for
Xhj ,,moke barrag0 now bein((
down by the German propagandists is
1oalm n0 one but tho (,.,rinan9 thenv.
iVM. An.oricim anthorikien re nene.
trating the purposes and developments
bchind this 8CrePn. And thus
""fo ,n, Z "hi -".ported
ZVt meet the acid test 1
far they
not meet the acid tost. They , are
grded mainly a, being the basis for
n.tkm rn from nrmnv in the
pcaee situation. It is held she will at-j
tempi TO snow innv uo nas rriormru
and that the kaiser is no longer the all
powerful with tho "divine right."
However, President : Wilson 1
communication was a "decision," con
taining the minimurti that Germany
must meet if she wants peace.
And President Wilson will stand as
judge of the degree of Teuton sincer-
many. Germany is regarded as anxious
to get peace but there is a doubt here
bow as to whether the Teuton war
lords have yet seen the handwriting
on the wall, or whether the German!
people fully 'appreciate that President'
Germany "went the limit" in the con
cessions In her last note and will now
fight on.
Congress received President Wil
son 's reply to Austria with the same
enthusiastic approval his note to
Germany evoked. -
Republicans were particularly pleas
ed over what they termed. the presi
dent's emphatic reiteration of what he
has previously stated in terms not so
plain that the United. States i com
mitted to dismemberment of the Aus-
tro-Hnngarian empire, insoffr as the
subject peoples are concerned..
In Four Years Taxpayers Pay
$157,000 More Than Dar
ing West's Term.
Four years of the Oregon state peni
tentiary under the administration of
Governor Withycombo will ; have cos.
thb taxpayers pt Oregon approximately
157,000 more than it cost th-em under
the administration of Governor West, j
This increase is in the faee of ,;he
fact that there ii, and for a, long time
past has been, a much smaller popula
tion at the state prison under tlw
Wi.'ihyconibe administration than there
wag under the whole of tho. West ad
ministration. Nor does the answer repeatedly made
by Wn sponsors for the Withyc'oinbe
admin ia.lration that war time conditions
are responsible for the steadily mount
ing deficiencies at the penitentiary give
full aatisfactoin.
Increase 71 Per Cent.
The figuws show .,'hat while 'the per
capita cost at the penitentiary has in
creased approximately 71 per cont from
$18.37 to 131.98 per month during the
past two years, tho por capi.a cost of
running the state hospital under tho
superiutendency of Dr. E, E. Lee Stein
ez hag increased approximately only 10
per , cent from fl5.93 to 117.58 per
month during ".lie same period of time.
The '1911 legislature gave the peni
tentiary lor tho first two years of the
West administration, tU2,Q00. for iin
maintonaace, and $21,250 for provo
ments. During .iat biennlum fire dam
aged the auditorium to tho extent of
$1600, which was. voted a deficiency by
the 1913 legislatuiv, making the total
cost of jhe prison for tho first' two
years $164,850.. The 1913 legislature
gavo West $147,000 to maintain the
prison and $56,300 for improvements,
$29,650 of which was used, The remain
der going to the guneral fund, making
the cost for th0 last i.,wo years $176.
650, and the total for the four years
Big Deficiencies Noted.
The 1915 legislature gav0 Governor
Withycoml! $178,000 for the mainten
ance of the penixntiary and $10,250 for
improvements. Tho 1917 legislature vo
ted $22,292(37 t0 cover deficiencies iu
the maintenance account and $9267.44
for deficiencies in the improvement ac
count of the two prccoeding years, mak
ing the otal cost of the 1915-17 bicn
nium $219,809.81. The 1917 legislature
gacv Whttycombe $183,000 for mainvii
aiicg of the penitentiary and $24,955.7u
for improvements, whilo tho emergency
board has already voted $70,000 to cov
er deficiencies in maintenance for the
past '.iwo years, together with an addi
tional sum of $750 to cover deficiencies
in improvement account, making the to
tal cost of the penitentiary, already in
sight, for the pos1, two years mount to
$278,705.70. This" brings th total fot
the four years 1915 to 1918 inclusive,
bp to $498,515.51.
, , Tho difference between $498,515.61
and $341,500 is $157,015.5),. which is
the cost to tUe taxpaypr, of peni.'
'.!.. a .l . j!..i...i5 -j
Governor Withycomb over it, cost un-
dcr jjjfl adniinigtration. of Governor'
Bonrs, Sept. 10 (by mail).
Men's clothing in Austria-Hungary
cost from $200 to $300 a
suit, while women's tailor-made
gowns average from $300 to
$400 each, according to the
"Krejcovsky Listy", .(he offi
cial organ of - the Tcheque
fizechi). tailors in the dual mo
narch?. ' .
, ...
Washington Oct. 19. Spanish
influenza and pneumonia in the
.army camps and cantonments in
this country caused an nnprece-
dentedly high death rate for
the week ending October 11 the
war department announced to
day. The weekly death rate was
206.4 per thousand on a year
ly basis as compared with 81.88
the week before vastly higher
thsn t&c normal rate. ,
. '
Makers of British Model Ex
pect to be First in Field
Wilh Giant Machine
By Carl D. Croat
Washington, Oct. 19, Berlin i8 to be
Mukvrs ' of tho British airplane,
Handlcy-Page, are perfecting a gian;
craft which shall meet the requirements
of a big gasoline load and a big bomb
load, according to information from
United States military aeronautic
While the Bri tish are developing this
important machine, others among tbu
allies are striving toward tho same. end.
Tl.vre has been much unfounuutt id
much impaginative talk about what air
planes would do to Germany. Now
however, national aujhoritiog say that
tho Handley-Page .development assures
the bombing of Berlin and will make
easy the dropping of bwavy loads of T.
N. T. on .German towns. One thing
helping the airplane situation im
mensely is the allied advance in Bel
gium and elsewhere along the west
front. , This is shor.cning the flying
distanco- materially. In airplane con
struction the great difficulty is to de
velop a machine which can carry suffi
ckmt gasoline for a long flight wi.li a
heavy load; , ,
In other words, ,s' : Major -General
Kenly puts i-iy it 'is a hard proposition
te do much damage if Jhe flyer can only
remain out four hours and has large
load of bombs to drop on some- Ger
man city. ' "":' v t ; ' . "
' Konly and other were gratified) t
day at the news of the all-American
Pre, in which sixty -four flyers parti
cipated.'. ' ' ' ,'"' ''" ''
The joint air offensive of tho United
States and hor allies is to be developed
on gigantic lines. Bombing Berlin is
only onu phase of it. Other phases are
understood to be bombing of every inv
portnnl individual city in wester. Ger
many, so that the Teuton may have, a
"dose of his own medicine".
The moral effect of bombing Borlm
i regarded as great.' Germany thought
air raids wore very terrorizing and
hence tried them out oD London and
Paris. It is believed from Jhe wails she
set up at recent allied raids and against
har she will bo agonized if Unter .den
Linden and Wilholmstrasse feel the
weight of tho raider..
ilajor General Konly is scouring the
nation for aerial observers. General
Pershing has urgently asked for ;liem.
While there ftro plenty of pilots, the pb
servers aro scarce. ' Men of Intelligence,
daring and good physiqiio are needed,
A commission is promised nil qualifying
and men of venturesome spirit are as- "We occupied Kralajevosels and pup
surod plenty of thrills. Overseas sot- sued the enemy toward Trstenik (fiftj
vice will be the certain portion of all
Bruges Is Occupied
: By Allied Annies
; London, Oct. 19. (6:20 p.
m.) Bruges has been 'complete
ly occupied by the allies, ad
vices from the front reported
this evening.. All floating docks
were found burned or sunk.
, The Germans destroyed their
costal batterie at Zeebritege '
and sank three steamers there
before tho Belgians entered the
city this morning.
, London, Oct. 19. (5:05 p. .
m.) The' allied lino now ex-' '
tends from Eede, on the Dutch
frontier in the direction of
Thiolt, mceording to advices
from the front this evening.
(Eede is eight miles north-
cast of Bruges.) ,
Emperor Karl Has v
Attack Of Reformitis
Washington, Oct. 18.-Epcrq Karl of
Washington, Oct. 18. Emperor Karl
of Austria is about to grant tutono
mies and a new system of government,
according to state department informa
tion thiH afternoon from Borne, which
said Austria is facing a decisive poli-
Tko report said that .'he) emperor
would issue a manifesto at the meeting
of the Austro-Hungariao delegates. At
the same time, quoting the Frankfurter
Zcitung said, a general strike was
spreading in Bohemia,
O pier information was thot 80 Poles
t 1 j -1 T .. : .1.-.
1 nava vo.ieu 10 n no lunger
Allies Make Resarkalle Pro
gress In Advance Of Last
Four Days.
cerman smjATicrr v :
Six Thousand Er.cy Trc;;s
Reported I!ezr.dhCa
Ccsct j -
Washington, Oct. 19. The Germane
In four days this week relinquished 809
square miles of territory, long held
Chief of Btaff March stated today.
. At the same time, he revealed that
the British were reported to hare
Bruges. ,
London, Oct. 19 (1:05 p. m.) The
French hav captured Vandy, four milec
north of Vouzieres, according to battle
front dispatches received here today. -
(This indicates that the important
railway town of Vouiieres haerbeea
captured, or rendered untenable.)
Amsterdam, Oct- 19-Allied tiOops
hay reached Eecloo, ,shuttlng.. la six,
thouBud Germans sgainst lua rutch '
frontier, according to the Telegraaf
This represents an advance of about
fourteen miles. , ,,
Eecloo is fourteen miles east of
Bruges, four miles from the Dutch
border and - ten miles northwest of
Ghent. , . - - -
, London,' Oct. 19 (12:49 p. m.) Bel.
gian troops have reached the canal be
tween ZeebTugge and Bruges, according
to dispatches from the front today.
The Germans are reported' to he still
holding of the outskirts of Zeehrugge.
London, Oct. 19 (5 p. m.) The allied
line In Belgium has now reached tho
Dutch frontier east of Bruges, running
from there to Courtrai according to
Standard today.
Other dispatches declaie the allies
have captured Bollenghem and Luiughe.
London, Oct. 19. Serbian troops are
continuing their pursuit of the Austro
Germans northwest of Wish, it was an
nounced by the Serbian war office to
miles nortwest of Nlsh)", the report
" By William Philip Slmms
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Oct.' lfl. (12tl0 p. m.) Tho
Onrrnnn f?iftmana uOtifhnacf nt ftrtiaftGt
are reported to have been broken..
What's become 0' th ole time wo
man that smoked th' whole neighbor
hood out once a year makin' soft
soap! Mr. Lemmie Peters got caught in
th' draft an' 'II take rhetoric ami
(Continued on page two)
I ' -