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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1918)
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAlc
LEY. NEWS SEfiVICE
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 245.
TO GERMAN BASES
line From Bruges To Courtrai
IsNow In Hands Of Ak
British Have Taken Menin And
: Are Now In Outskirts Of
London, Oct. 16. in Flanders the al
lies took 12,000 prisoners and, between
200 and 800 guns in Tuesday's fight -
ln, the Expres. duclareA today. The
prisoners were equally divided between
the Belgians, British and French..
British took fifty guns. '
London, Oct. 16. "Our patrols gain
ed ground slightly . last night in the
Douai and L Ule sector", Field Mar-
chal Haig announced today. "There is
nnthlniy fnrflia? fn naruwt I .
London, Oct. 16. German forces
between Lens and Aimentieres contin
ue to retire with the British closely
following them, according to reports
from the battle front today.
. (Thii is on a front of 20 miles).
The British axe drawing close to
Belgian cavalry. at 9 a. m. was re
(ported 1,000 yards from Thielt (be
tween Courtrai and Bruges).
. By Lowell Mellett,
(United Pivss Staff Correspondent.)
With the British Armies Iu Flanders,
Oct. 16. Allied forces driving into Bel- j
uv uicir weuge acrosi
Bruges to Courtrai, sev-1
utery of communication
the road from
! ine c-ooat oasi!.
1 rench. cavalry has swvpt over Lieh-
rervelde and Thouront, advancing to
ward Bruges and the sea. Toward th.
Mitithein end of the fighting front, ile
um has been takvn an.l Haia'a men nre
hi thfcneigborhood of Hatibotirdin, three
miles from I.llle.
The German arc Rising prodigally the
great stores' of shellg iu their Belgian
i just oases, xt is beconung evident thiyj
will 1)0 unable, to snve these muuttions,
bu tho enemy i3 using them up as fastj
as possible. Their batteries gave ours
a . more stubborn responw than any 1
uuii'f iu weens.
s loang) tlie peace (bang) .
"i "U I ,. asitea a oruisn "I"j.a,4,d(iivA4Auihlk
tUe great battle raged and th-j. shells
exploded all around. So the'eonversa
tious were carried oj every two or
tlireo words being punctuated by jar
ring crash. ; It was a real- two-sided
Although tb Germans are forced to
6)fud lavishly their sl.vlls to keep them
from falling into the hands of the
onemy, they had time to remove a can
i(K ruble quantity of war material be
fore tlw loag-deaded offensive was
launched. n '
By transporting much of this to the
rear, the high roinmand rendered, the
enemy army fairly mobile. Yet, vast
sfcoros still line- tht. coast, showing cleat
l.tho Germans had no intention of sur
rendering this terrain.
The Germans knew the Allied attack.!
was eommg and tried, to forestall it by
tli0 use of the tactics with which Foch
Viefeat-.-d the last German offensive July
13. ,Thp British, French and Belgians
wk to start at 5 A. M. Three hours
later the' Germans put down a heavy t
lrrage of their own, seeking to break;
if our troop eonccntrations . j
, -Traci! dieussions have taken node of -
the fighting, spirit out of the allies. All Vpeeially if yon haint got a handler-
4'ie soldier aic keen for keeping hot af.hief. Patriotism that don't git below
ter the Huns. I saw a stream of "walk-ith
iag wounded" going to the rear and
SURRENDER ONLY WILL
London, Oct. 16. Before Ger
many' can obtain an armistice
sh-j must surrender uncondi
tionally and the terms of such
an surrender, according to in
formation from reliable sources
today lfrfl defined as follows:
Complete disarmament and
disbanding of the army.
' Occupation of Metz, Mainz
and other German towns.
Military authorities think it
necessary fpr the Germans to
surrender their fleet and permit
the allies to occupy Helgoland.
,, Brussels is favored as the
meeting place for a peace con
ference. jjC 3t 4 5C jjc lc 3c sjfi 5C 3ft
asked oao" grinning British pn.fl.s
where he was hurt.-
"I'm not wounded", he said, ''I'm
on leave. V
I asked what he was doing iiioit, nd
he explained that hi9 leave began today
but U got special permission to fight,
fearing that this might be tho last
battle of thc war and feeling hungry
for another' y0 at tire enemy. That 'si
teh spirit of the men. ..
. On the other hand, many German pris
oners frankly announced that thoy had
enough wereJ teipp", as the BriJ
ish might put it. lhia spirit is not gen
era! throughout the enemy army, how
.ever, .The fighting of the Bavarians in
this battle has surpassed any Gcrmai
battling seen in , Frant-j or Flanders
siiiee the tide turned. The Sixth Bav
arian division, for example, pushed its
way through, the British barrage and
I csbuuuoiiuft lunuuiue guu justs ueyonu
- i 1' : T.ilra annrfomAn 1. n nffia nA
mea General PUmimer'g British
army saw and appreciated the .action
and praised it. :
Fighting Has Been Severe.
London, Oct. 16. The British are in
the outskirts of Courtray and havv cut
tho communications of Bruges from the
south, Field Marshal Haig'g night re
port on the Flanders operations indi
Byohd Bruges i, Zeebruggc. the sub-
marine basj now in eminent peril of
cflpture. , . ' v.
Hair announced the capture of Me -
nin and tlv taking of 12,000 prisoners
and more than 100 guns. The statement
"The Belgians have reached the ap -
proaches of Wyjnendali wood and
The French have reached
tno outsKnts oi iictervciue ana have
pushed beyond the Boulers-Lichtervelde '
railway. The British have .reached Le
Courtrai-Angelmunstcr.hear about it -directly' from Berlin
"We haw captured Gulleghem and
Heule aii(J advanced to the outskirts of
Courtrai. Tho British have also occupied
oieum ana ervicq, reacmng tne ngiu
uanic oi im uys.
" Since the morning of October 14 we
captured 12,000 lneu and more than 100
Furnace gloves are handy things
neckband don't help much t' wia
th' war. .
Ml I M Ml 1
ALL OVER EUROPE
MI CMS QUIT
Washington Has Had No Offi
cial Advices And Issues
- Warning To Nation.
London,. Oct. 16.. According
to an Exchange Telegraph com
pany dispatch - from Amster
dam, it is reported in Berlin
that Germany accepts all of
: President Wilson 's conditions,
... provided the interests of the
German people are safeguarded.
London, Oct.-16. Thore is- a
persistent revival of reports
that the kaiser has abdicated.
London,-Oct.' 16. The report
from Amsterdam that Germanyi
has accepted all -of President
.Wilson's conditions is JJeliered .
: 'to '.fee approximately correct. ,,
London, Oct. 16 The .Nieuwe
Botterdamsehe T Courant pub
lishes.' a telegram from Hum-
jburg saying that Germany has"
'Amsterdam, Oct. 16, via Lon
don (7:15 p. m.) The Nieuwe
Rotterdamsche ; Courant jrints
a report from Hamburg that
the kaiser has abdicated.
London, Oct. 16. Germany's
reply to' President Wilson 's last
note is expected tntght, it is
learned. ' ,
nr..i.:..t Vi. i d. .... iia
ami. u-. Arlfj p,o.;Hont Wil.
80n deciMon a to peace and will Germany. . ....
I capitulate were received here today! The department withholds this gen-
w;tn great interest and equal reserve. erally, lest It rai( American ideas of
, The government here was in possession an early peace unduly,
0f tne rum0rj forwarded from Loudon I In this connection, it may be said the
;oefore they wcre m,de public. Igovernnrent is now proceeding with the
Let not y,e swe)t 0ff our feet,' war lust as though the peace notes had
u-a a tli a Q.n tint. if fin A Af tflA nlflflpal".
advisers of President Wilson in touch
with the srtuation. .
'jf Germany has capitulated we wUl
and until the news comes from Berlin,
ao slow." .
it was pointed -out that these rumors
emanated from Amsterdam 'Jrumor
factory of great renown." and it was
warned they may have been sent out,
inspired by the German government
to affect the American morale and kill
the last days of the great fourth lib
erty loan. '
Absolutely no official confirmation
of the rumors of anything of an offi
cial nature tending to make them cred
itable has been received by this gov
ernment. The state department has nothing but
the press reports.
Gets Reno Divorce
Beno, Key., Oct. 16. Mrs. Olga
Roosevelt Baj'ne, ' cousin of Cotono-1
Roosevelt, received her decree of di
vorce today from Dr. J.-Breekenridge
Bayne, prominent New Tork physician.
Ir. Bayne was in Reno when the case
was called yesterday, but offered no
eontest. He had just arrived from Bn
eharefct, Bumania, where he had con
tinued in charge of a hospital after the
Mrs. Bayne told the court hvr hus
band had a violent temper. On one oc
casion two years ago, sue saint id
her She could "go to hell for all he
eared' V' ;-
Worry over Dr. Bayne 's attide, she
ttstified, redntvd her to 111 pounds.
But, site added, "I weigh much more
The 'Bavnes were married November
13, 1911. The court decided each
should have custody of their six year
old daughter durinz six months of each
- SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1918.
Teuton Newspapers Becoming
-Bolder In Criticism Of -Rule
THIS NATION, HOWEVER.
WILL PUSH WAR WORK
Meanwhie Early Turkish Sur
render May Precede Aus- r
. By Bobqrt J. Bender V- ,:
"(l'nited States Staff pdddospbndeut.)
..'Washington. -.Oct.. i6.4-Up0tt a grotr-
in dissatisfaction In Germany over
kaiser rule", authorities here today based
tlie view that the HoliwiiwUcrn power
will sooA crumble and that the Wilson
peace Mrms will then be accepted.
Both openly and guardedly, the
. Teuton press is voicing its dissatisfac
tibtf With things as they are in- Teuton
political life, The comment expiesslng
' discontent with teh kaiser's autocratic
j , L,.i... .A-inunl that
tho all-powerful German censor appar-
OUL1V U1H B UUt UBID Ul li.
Authorities her believo that even the
most loyal of the kaiser's subjects will
begin to appreciate soon that the mur
der master jg the only thing standing
in the path of Jieace anrt will rcalizw
that they are fighting a losing fight-.
The state department is.' keeping, a
i-nrpfiil filo of German rcsn comment
cathcred bv its asenU in cpuntrA-s neat
tint -f.nnn fTphfttlfffld. Thfi militai'V ail"
thorities are disregarding peace pro
I posals through diplomacy entirely it
their plans and calculations. They an
arranging "fore without stint", going
' 0n the theory that so tar the most con-
vinciiiu argument with a German is
( " bullet in hi, head".
i Authorities look fop the early collapse
of Turkey. Her request for peace will
' probably be answered by the allies with
a demand for unconditional surrender,
to be arranged with the commanding
general in lines similar in scope to those
applied against Bulgaria. '
From Turkish collapse to disintegra
tion of the Austro-Hungarian empire is
regarded as no far cry. With these last
prop. gone, it is felt here .that the Ger.
man will listen to reason rapidly will
see that kaiserdom is a poor inrtai
One point which is causing a vast
amount of discussion is what will oc
cur over the demand for return of Al-
sace-Loraino to France. This has ,been
regarded as a sticking point, but it is
felt here that eGrmanys military situa
tion is such that ee eaunot dicker over
this matter now. If she. does not choose
to accept an armistice and demoeraey.h
Foch's arrows-' will settle the Alsaee-
(Continued on page three) '
Eugene Houston, Former
Saleia Boy, In Army
Eugene Houston has enlisted in the
tank service of the United States, and
is now at his home L-re awaiting the
call which will send him into intensive
training for the service "over there ".
The young man is the son of Mr. and
Mrs. B. B.,Housto f this city, and ene
of the ntominent youne men at Santa
His father is the representative;
of th Southern Pacific Toun Hous -
ton will carry with him the best wishe.
of hosts of friends when he departs to
serve hi country. Santa Rosa (Cal.)
FRENCH THINK WILSON
LANDED KNOCK-OUT BLOW
More Talk In Paris About Re-
ply Than Great Offensive
Copenhagen, Oct. 16. German news
papra declare President Wilson's note
dashed the hopes of peace which were
raised by his first reply. Some say
Wlson's language is excited as a re
sult of conferences with the allies. .
; By William Philip Slmms
' (United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Oct. , loV-President Wilson
terrific, straight from tht "shoulder
This sums up French opinion on the
terrify, sfilaigrt ffrolm Ithe tehouldcr
blow which is universally applauded
here. , . .. . . . '-. .
Thc impression is that, the presidents
document is one of the most historic
of the war. Some newspapers publish
it in both French and English in order
that the meaning of not one word shall
There is more talk of the noto in
restaurants, in the theaters aw 6n the
streets 4han there is about the allied
offensives.i-.. .' ,,:. . : .-. -.
Various comments were heard, among
them being';;; .
'"The answer is more dangerous than
high explosives to the kaiser's gaag."
' ' The note will knock from the skulls
of the boches any ide4 that they can
shilly-shally with the alles." . . :
"The note brings the end of the war
nearer. The Huns' must admit their
whole scheme was a ruse or else frank
ly surrender." - -'
President Wilson's stock was never
higher in Franee. than it is today.. '
Deputy Marcel Bembau, writing in
L'Heure, .said : - . .
Wilson finds his inspiration in his
conscience. That is wny we are not
uneasy. The eonscieace of President
W.Uson is in intimato accord with the
conscience of people." :
The feeling here is that the message
will have the widest re-percussion, not
only inside, but also outside of Ger
many. Many think . it wil go iar to-
warti assisting Austria-Hungary 'and
Turkey to make up their minds as to
the course they will pursue, iney are
expected to board the Bulgarian band
wagon any time. - .
Meanwhile, Foch's bayonets continue
the negotiations. Hindenburg, Luden
dorff and tho crown prince have even
deeper humiliations yet in store.
Hereafter No Other Kind Of
Securities Will Be Allow
ed To Be On Market
Washington, Oet. 16. Liberty bond
ereafter will have no eoftipe-tition dur-
ing loan campaigns. Treasury officials
. 1 . 1 .l 11, nni1. t n11 .a
the federal farm loan board.
The order, announcing that no more.
uT- T .7 i. ! i j
public directly, simultaneously placed
complete treasury control , over every
issue of stocks or bonds above $100,
000 and, in effect, the United States
treasury becomes supreme in deciding
where the nation's finances shall be
used. Issues of stocks or bonds by
private interests have been nfldeT sup
ervision of the capital issues committee
of tho treasury gince February.
Officials of thc farm loan board stat
ed thee is not likely to be any farm
loan bonds offered to the public, irei
through the treasury, until long after,
the war ends;procecds of bonds sold last
, June re believed to be sufficient to
j meet loaning requiivme'ntj of the banks
j until after January 1, 1919. Bones
now held by loan banks will be turned
over to the'treasury. :
1 Secretary McAdoo has authority to
sell the bonds at his airection, pur it,
;waa explained officially such security
offerings would hinder Liberty loan
bonds materially. - The needs of the
I ' (Continued on page aix)
lo(la, - f- " ; ' 'ment cage, he grinned and thanked the
war loans by absorbmg bonds issued by, . vin. Kach parisi. (r0
d ,r A. jrf 11
1 i 11 Ml If!
11 j I ! I ! I 1
II I j I j j I I
PRICE TWO CENTS
Tell Many , Interesting Anec
dotes Around Camp Fires
At Night In France ;
By Frank J. Taylor. . '
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The American First Army, "Oct
16. (Night.) As they settle themsel
ves to enjoy the well built military es
tablishments which thu Germans has
tily exacuatcd in tho Argonne defense
system, the American soldiers swap stor
ies of the fighting that won them the
comforts. - ' '
I encountered one large unit tonight
which had bvcfi squeezed out when thc
front line was shortened. The men were
nicely -settled. Every office and house
was. covered with German signs which
no longer are regarded as souvenirs be-
cauBe of their "commonness. v
The German houses' were exception-
ably comfortable'. They had Constituted
the boches' winterquarters ' for, "Tour
years and had many improvements such
aa Russian stoves, reinforced walls and
roofs and. the twy latest in military
kitchens. .;- -
The officers' quarters were luxuri
ous. '1 They were inhabited by dough
boys tonight. One headquarters mess,
which a few days ago was a German
divisional mess, was in a bomb proof
structure. An American orderly was
extracting the snappiest kind of rag
time from a German piano, whilo the
officers ate. This outfit had been on
short rations, On account of tho trans
portation difficulties and Was dining
on German supplies.
Some of the doughboys in one of the
houses were discussing the first days of
the Franco-Amwrican advance. . -
"Any one who saw a bocke could
take a prisoner", said one. -."The Ger
man's 'kamerad' without giving Us a
change to fight." ,
Another told of four doughboys
gpose-stepping 300 Germans to the rear
when suddenly more than fifty" others
marched out of th Woods and fell in
at the end of the line without even
waiting for the formality of surrender
ing. ' . ' .
Another officer according to still an
other, brought in his whole platoon iu-tact-A
- ' ' 1 i :
In n' American mess German undcr-
officer8 aer doing "kitchen policw".
Thfly are delighted to have, the job on
account of its. gastronomic effect. '
- An American captured a German
musician and made him play a piano
which had been captured from another
Another group which had taban over
a boche kitchen kept the German chefs
cooking for them four days before in -
terninsr them. A lone boche was cap-
tured behind the lines. . He said h9 was
looking for some one tp surrender to-
day. When placed at the head of the
line ox prisoners ui&rciuK iu bu lu.ciu -
'Iguard, saying: " Nach Parisl . . (To
. '..,, trA Ti,,ri.n.
proved to be exceptionally blight chaps,
IThey hated the Germans worse than
poison; their officers said they would
not attack anywhere but would fight if
attacked. ' " .
When the battle began, the Germans
told tLv Hungarians that machine gun
ners in the rear would shoot anyone
who retreated. " The Hungarians then
decided to surrender in a uody.
Will Transport 250,000
; To France Monthly i
Washington, Oct. 15. The
United States government "will
continue to send to Europe
250,000 men every month and
there will be no relaxation of
any kind", was the statement
of Secretary Tumulty at tlr
White House late today regard
ing the peace situation.
J OB EUON TONIGHT
A" Thursday unsettled prsb-
showers" west, fair east
portion; cooler east portion to-
night; gnt southwesterly
ON TBAXN8 AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
AMERICANS TAK E
SI. Jill HEIGHTS
(remans Desperately Resist
Onslaughts Of Yankees
Along Oise JFront 5
COLUISE OF DEFENSES :
WOULD BE REAL DISASTER,
French Have . Now Reached
Outskirts Of Great Mili
tary Base of RethaL
By FTanb J. Tjrlor
(United Press staff correspondent)
.With the American First Army, Oct.
16, Tlie Americans have, captured St.
Juvin heights and - have advanced
northward from them. Two; hundred
and forty, prisoners were. taken, (St.
Juvin is just east of Grande'Pre.) .
The Americans widened their breach
in the Kriemhilde line in an all. day
fight, netting their biggest day along
the' Aire. The doughboys stormed St.
There was bitter fighting between
St. Georges and Landres, cast of GrandT"
Pre, where our troops penetrated for
midable wire, defenses in the face of
terrifie machine gun fire. -
Nearer the Mouse our tanks helped
clean out the" machine gun nests and
led .the infantry in it assault. .,
The Germans are desperately throw
ing in reinforcements in an attempt
to prevent a complete break through
by the Americans near Grand Pre. Two
German counter attacks were dereateu.
YAXULEES TAKE GRAND PRE ;
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American First Army, Oct.
18. Plunging through belts of German
wire in the face of showers of hand
grenades, the men of th first army
have mopped up Grand Pre, crossed tho
pass through the ' Argonne and are
pushing on. . '
(,'antured German orders stated that .
Grand Pre must be held at all cos:s.
ijA new Prussian guard division was
k iotal of twenty such divisions cn-.
countered since the beginning of too
American offensive in this .region..'
. At tne start or tne present pnaso it
the assault the Americans jumped off
it J:HO o'clock in the mornina and
gained their first objectives at ssmo
points with great rapidity. - .
In manr cases there was only slight
annosition. due to
the tteaanncss or
, the Yankee artillery fre.
t the rceion of Cunel and Bots Do
' Foret the Germans used "clactters"
j which made the same sound as machine
gnns. Thesw machines led our troops
. usiruy, Bt'ttruutu ivt ine iiiuvu.nt ftu
nests. This was 'especially tne casn
when the clacker boxes were located
behind the doughboys.
Soutji of thc Aisne the Americans
are digging in.
BKjEACH. KREEMJUmE LINE
' ' By Fred 8. Ferguson '- i
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Army North of
Verdun, Oct 16. Americans are bat
tering another breach in the Kriem
hilde line in the region of St. Georges.
The enemy is fighting with the ut
most desperation. A break between the
Aisne and'the Meuse river means eol-
lapse of the entire German front in
Should the Americans break through
here, the enemy 's left flank would be
shattered and tho effects would prob
ably be felt all along th Iine,whie.
has been shoved back by recent as
saults of the allies further north. ,,
Buzanry is under American shell
fire. Dun-Sur-Meuse, 8tenay and other
biir railway centers have been re-
pcatedly bombed by our airplanes. -
, The way U being cleared for a fur-
(Continued oa pae three)
AFTER HARD FIGHT