Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 09, 1918, Image 1

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Only Circulation in Salem Guar
antee! by the Audit Bureau of
l " 5 .
President Will Await German
: Reply Before Taking Def
inite Action.
Entente Diplomats Are Pleas
ed That Curt Reply Was
Not Given Proposal
By Carl D, Groat
(fuitcd Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Oct. 9. President Wil
sou will
probably go before congress to1
cast furthe
her light upon the position he
took in his inquiry to the German
u: i : . .
Prince Max, as soon as tW latter re
The White House viewpoint on the
Wilson query was elucidated thus: I
The enquiry does net bind President
r r.r"1 CUrSe- t
It is d.shuctly an enquiry not a re-,
f,"D.Ce. MttX I V 0ffe."; ?"d
7." 7 ' , r
iimke a fitting reply a, soon as he
. lor lu prueu w
knows for certain whether Germany
wants peace on his tvtms or is merely ,
rnaking an insurance peace move.
Particular attention was called t0 th9
fact that among tlm present's pen.
terms are complete f.vemg of Buss.a,
Belgium, occupied Fiance and repara-
tion of the wrong, of Alsace-Lorraine.
Also there is a distant emphasis upon
the fact that self-determination shall
hi the governing factor in territorial
alignments. . . , j
The president felt that a curt answer
would have served as ammunition to tho
Teuton war lords to stimulate the peo-j
pk's of Germany and Austria to fresh
efforts undvr the guise of self-defense.
What Germany Knows
As the matter now slanus, Germany!
'knows clearly that complete evacuation
of occupied territory must be the pre-i
liminary to any peace mow. The ter-
nan leaders are told they must show:
their true colors, not alone to the world,
but to their own people.
It became known that the president's
declaration for evacuation of occupied
territories before an armistice did not
" contemplate the evacuation of Alsace.
Instead, it meant evacuation of invaded
territories and the intention, as shown
by tbj president's fourteen peace terms,
to leave the righting of the wrong done
Tcance to be determined in the final
Kace conference.
It was said by high authority that
this "righting" was open to the inter
pretation bf the ryturn of Alsace to
i' ranee.
During th,. afternoon President Wil-
son visited Secretary of State Lansing
aim remained in conference with him Italy and the whote of mankind. -land
with Chief of Staff March for a Hi appeal follows:
considerable time.
TLv significance of the military
man g presence there was not entirely
-iear, but speculation was that the pres-
mem was considering me military as-
peets of the future should Germany de-
etine a general evacuation.
Diplomats Endors, Eeply.
Diplomats here were frankly fearful
Tiiai a cun aemand ror surrender would
have bolstered up German morale, en-
couraging the Teutons ts fight harder
under the plea that they wero battling;
for their existence. The allied consults
tiong developed the idea that a short,
sharp reply would cause unrest or sus-jLvt this be present in the mind of ali
pieion among the labor and Lansdowne as a realization oT the situation and
elements abroad. Such an answer it waaj safeguard against deception. Easy cru
At, would not meet the approval ofjdulity without positive proof may lead
groups who perhaps might fail to see to betrayal that would bo of advantage
tlie evident insincerity of the German to thP enemy, for whom it is important
nianeuver. t0 ga;n time in order to weaken the
, At the same time it was believed ; spirit of our troops,
ttiat th? president had giwn a "realj "Confidence in the wisdom of the
flinch" to his" remarks by making the j government and the government of the
demand for evacuation as a peace pre-j allies, inspiied by a sense of justice and
liunary. This goes farther than any' faith in our ability to attain in thi3
d 'niand to date and even those who hour what will prove decisive for the
" future, we must hold ourselve, mort- in
(Continued on page two) 1 readiness than ever to completely erush
Presidfiiii Wilson's Message
Interpreted To Mean Un
conditonal Surrender
New York,' Oct. 9. "It is open to
Germany to say this is a demand fot
surrender," declared the New i'oik
Times today, commenting on President
Wilson's note.-' That is what it
amounts, to and the president speaks
what is iii the minds of the American
people when he makes the surivnder oi
Germany a necessary preliminary to any
tak about peace."
The World says: "In dealing with
th? oGrmnn peace offensive, Presideut
W.'son has employed the same tactics
that Foch used in breaking the German
military offeusive-acounter offensive
The pivsident ui this matter is sitting
as a juuge ana as a juage lie oraers ine
w-.,m,u ijuvoncm u coiue imo court-j
and show why its application should not
bo dismissed on the ground of liiud."
ine lrimino says an part: " wo are
1U w.cpuut '
our enemies on-the subject not of sur-
:cT ..' "ot or f, ?' D.ut S.
ft?.1,'""?"8 .on ,ne0N- 01 81Qenl
iiwii m uiuttifliu, -
"Ten thousand words' of .amplifier
uon,- saw tne oun, -coma aao naugni
incoml'arbly t P-.
?e' f ' ?rgu3 "othl"' h I
i"g' b" fenely without the least bins
kaiserTstalkin' hors,'
Tho HeraW ,s,The danger,is that
i sending may give to to filer, of
Germany a confidence in their ability
Germany a confidence in tlteir ability :
,0 wi thiB war by aiplomay-thereby ,
. - the S the uncondf. j
f. ,.,.,.j V,j t 4. ,.
Germany and Austria-Hungary renewed
confidenCr; in th abilitr ofBtll'cir govorl
u t j , th ,f, fat
t- tf, tllpJrpTor Pre11RRifln w,fil(
tiated, therefore Prussian peace; while
the thniliM for the pending and
much E'C-cded liberty loan."
"The reply of P8ident Wilson to
the recent peace proposal of the Ger
man chancellor opens a possibility for
ending the war," declared the Staats
Zeitung. Milwaukee Sentinel: "The reply is
firm and unswerving but adroit in that
Italian Commander Desires
Only Honorable And Per
manent World Peace
Washington, Oct. 9. General Diaz
commander in chief of all the Italian
armkts, has issued a ringing appeal to
his troops not to be misled by the encnn;
offer of peace and to continue fighting
until such tnne as the enemy will offor
sufficient guarantees for the safety of
"The enemy, aware of his desperate
situation and ecrtain defeat in the near
future, offers peace while continuing to
fight slubbornly on the field of France
and Belgium and with overbearing pride
encamping on the sacred soil of our
(country, in order to conserve what he
lean of his prey. The proclamation of
the German emperor to his army and
navy is new proof that conviction that
it is nwcessary to make good his depre
dations has not Denetrated th enemy
and proves that the time has not come
when we can decide with eertainty the
advisability of laying down our arms
it puts the onus of continued war upon
Germany's rulers. Thus we Say a door
to peace by submission is left ajar for
the German people to force open by for
cing submission upon their, govern
ment." '
Washington P-ost: "President Wil
son's reply to Germany is so compact
that its full meaning Is not at first ap
parent. It must be read and pondered
and all the alternatives suggested by
the presideut considered Lvfore the
fatefuluess of the reply can be fully
grasped. Then it takes the directness
and force of a sword." '
New York Evening World: "The Gvr-
man government can offer the United
Btatog factory explanation of
what chancellor Max's peace proposals
meant without noting itself a long
wav ful.ther downward toward the point
; of preparation for the only kind of
Germany js going t0" get.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "President
Wilson's reply doe8 not directly -bring
jpeace ncarer. But in ae(.ordanoe witj;
,he wi!so wav of doing tllin(;9) it does
I nail Germany down to actualities and
thua ,.i.ifle. th lmk,hnH hv v.hh
I Germany must seek peace. Therefore, by
.indirection, pea- is broaght ew.-Iv
rnr - ,11 nn nnm hv ! icor i HTJ, rmTI nh
it ,.in uot coms. by any war thai Pots-
dam arranae8 and lav, out. It win
come, when the German people .peak
and sPeak """'stakably their surrender
to the tcrm8 elvilition has fixed.'!.
English and French Agree.
London, Oct. 9. "President Wilson
"""c'ru a" ",,u,u "u"u "pecveu,
declared the, Express, the only London
answered as a wholo world expected,'
morning newspaper commenting on the
nresident's ouery to Chancellor Maxi-
president's query to Chancellor Maxi
"He pins the author, bo he kaiser or
Max, to one JSlain issue. It virtually is
a caaucnge. if the uvrinaus are sin-
core in a desire for peace, let 'them
withdraw their armies to Germany be
fore asking for it."
Just m Expected.
Paris, Oct. 9. President Wilson's re
ply to the German armistice proposal be
came known here today through extra
editions issued at noon. '
The first opinions noted were that
tho ivply was "just as expected."
the encmv in case his offer of pcaco
is not acompanied by the neevsary guar
antees or is simply a repition of the old
guise to avoid defeat. Let us never be
weakened by flattering hopes while tha
enemy continues to occupy our soil.
Therefore, with firm and calm miad
conscious of our rights and ready to
assert them in new conflicts, let us be
assured that victory is now ours. Our
country trust her childivn. Let us be
worthy of her trust."
What's become o' th' feller that used
convulse th' whole bar room by 'ask-
in' rer a little "coffin varnish!"
Some folks seem t' enjoy poor health.
Yankee Losses" Equal Only To
Half Number Ot Prison
ers Taken Yesterday
General Pershing Reports
Many Villages Laptured In
Argonne Tussady
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the British Armies In Prance,
Oct. 9. (11 a. m.1 Tho titiulrlni
pushing eastward tO vrd Bunigny have
capiurea two -battenea v and . turned
tnera against the Germans..
. Bohain is reported to b hnraw
General Rawllnson's men took fiann
prisoners yesterday. Three doughboys
iouna idi uennans In a dugout await
ing capture.
One German regiment bolted as the
Americans approached. . . ,
Parts, Oct 9. The Echo Da Paris
stated today that the Germans are
evacuating the Argonne forest.
By Fred S. Ferguson
. (United Press staff correspondent).
With the American First Army, Oct.
9. The converging attack on the Ar
gonne massif continues with renewed
Heavy fighting has developed In the
center, wlie Infantry operations were
preceded by an unusually at.rnnr nr.
tiUcry bombardment which lasted all
London, Oct, 9. American losses In
the Mouse and Argonne fighting yes
terday were less than half ths number
of prisoners takan, according to battle
front dispatches received here today.
General. Pershing reported the nunt
U3T of prisoners taben by the Ameri
cans at 1500.
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American First Army, Oct.
9. French and American troops in
their attack east of the Meuse, have
advanced six kilometers (more man
three miles and a half) in some plac
es. Attacking under cover of yesterday
morning's darkness tho French and
Americans caught the Austro-Oernians
completely by surpriso and advanced
more than a mile and a quarter in the
initial rush. With the coming of day
light, the resistance stiffened, but the
allies shoved ahead and made great in
roads into the enemy lines at some
Progress in this set-tor is extremely
important as it removes the danger to
the American flank along the Meuse
and has routed out German artillery
nests which 'made the American posi
tions on the river uncomfortable.
The Americans reseuod the battalion
which was cut off and surrounded in
the Argonne for five- davs, and pushed
on today. It is known the situation of
the G-ermans in the northern part of
the forest is serious. Further American
advance will oblige withdrawal from
the forest as far as Grand Pre.
Along the Ancre the Americans have
improved tho position they captured
Our artillery has caused more than
24 fires behind the German positions.
Take 3000 Prisoners
Washington, Oct. 9. Capture ot
Gornay by the Americans, liberation
of four other villages and a bag of
3000 prisoners Tuesday was reported
by General Pershing today.
French troops operating in conjunc
tion with the Americans have driven
the enemv well beyond the captured
villages east of the Meuse and are eon-1
tinuing the pursuit. The communique'
(Continued on page two)
- - '
Great German Retreat
On fifty Mile Front
London, Oct. 9. (4:20p.m.)
German troops on the line
from the Scarp river to St.
Quentin (a front of nearly fif-
ty miles of trenches) retreated
between two and three miles
this afternoon, it was reported
in battle front dispatches.
A retreat of such magnitude
as described in the foregoing
dispatch would irivolvo tho loss
of many towns of some im-
portancc. It is probable that
both Bohain and Arleux, towns
for which the allies have been
fighting, fell within their grasp
as tnc uermans withdrew,
The retreat also would deep
en the salients which have
been created south of St. Quen
tin and north of Cambrai.
Every German Who Can Bear
Anns Is Being Hurried To
Western Front
By Willim Philip Simms
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Oct. 9. The Gorman armies
today arc attempting the most desper
ate resistance of tho war.
They have been commanded to hold
or die, to give the allies the impres
sion they have not yet beon beaten,
while Berlin proceeds with its truce
In default of sufficient field artil
lery, the Huns are massing all avail
able trench mortars, howitzers and
high clocity guns at critical points
in their efforts to stop the slow, cease
less allied advances while from Russia,
the 1'kraino and the cast generally ev
ery possible Gorman soldier is being
hurried into the war's bloody maw in
the west.
Hospitals throughout Germany have
been raked of nearly-fit convalescents.
Reports have been received here that
a levee en masse would be attempted
in the event that Preside Wilson's
reply to ine armistice proposal was tin
favorable, as a last resort to prevent
total collapse of tho empire.
It is also reported that Hclgian ci
vilians are being forced to work on
line after line of defenses about Os-
tend, Zeebrugge and Bruges, indicat
ing that Field Marshal Von Hinden-
burg and General Lud'ndorff consid
er rear uurd fighting across Belgium
inevitable if they hope to arrive at the
Antwerp-Mainur-Mctz line.
The. Laon salient Is gradually tight
ening, the British and Americans are'
lnving one prong of the pincers deep-1
er beyond M. Ouentin and vambrail
hile the French and Americans are
loing the name between Iiheims and
Short of guns, ammunition, air
planes and reserves, Ludendorff is
frenzieilly shunting what he has from
this point to that, fighting an ever-in
creasing battle.
The feeling is rapidly crystallizing
that the central powers foreseeing
their doom just ahead, are staking all
on a race between the Prussian gener
als and the results of Prince Max's
Everything points to a general re
treat, perhaps to the Metz-Jiamur-Antwerp
line. German critics openly
invite the higher command to take im
mediate steps to shorten the front, re
gardless of the territory they would
have to give up, in order to defend
the frontier.
Xo surprise would be caused if the
next step in the peace move would be
an offer to evacuate France and Bel
gium as a guarantee of good faith, in
crder to obtain an armistice. ,
Rome. Oct. 9. Germany's request for
an armistice produced a sensation at the
Immediately after the details of the
proposal were received , Cardinal Gas
parri, papal secretary oil date, confer
red with the pope. Afrcrwad he had a
long coj"feenco with the Berlin minister.
Many Guns And Vast Quantities Of Supplies Taken In Ad
vance Which Still Continue s-emians Giving Way On
All Points With Heavy Losses As Allied Forces Drive
Heavy Blows Against Crumbling Lines.-Thirty Mile Front
Between Cambrai And St .Quentin Scene Of Bitter Fighting.
London, Oct. 9. British troops have entered Cam
brai, Field Marshal Haig reported today.
The armies of General Byng and General Rawlinson
renewed their attack this morning. "
More than 8000 prisoners and many guns were taken
in yesterday's oprations'bn this front. - v . y
"At 5 :20 o'clock this morning the attack was resumed
on the whole front of the Third and Fourth armies," the
statement said.
"First reports stated that rapid progress was made,
"Shortly after midnight the Canadians ' attacked
north of Cambrai. Ramillies was captured and the cross
ings of the Escaut canal secured in the neighborhood of
the village. We have entered Cambrai.
"The number of prisoners taken yesterday exceeds-
8000. Many guns also were
"We made further progress yesterday evening at
Sequehart in the direction of Bohain and Maretz. We
reached the western outskirts of Walincourt and gained
the line of the La Targette-Cambrai road, capturing For-enville."
By John Da Gandt
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, Oct. 9. (4:14 p. m.) The bat
tle is proceeding with great intensity
along the whole fighting front.
With the full of (.'anibrai, General
Ludondorff s battle front continues j
erumoung aoour nun. me attaes
The attack by
the armies of General Byng and Gen
eral Uawfinson toward Let bateau this
morning tends to precipitate withdraw
al of the German armies in this region,
which evidently are being thrown into
Tho French and American are forc
ing back the enemy in the Champagne
and consolidating their gains on the
Huippe river front, while French cav
alry is north of tho river reconnoiter
ing toward Junivillo and Machmull.
in the Argnnno, the Germans, caugni
in a pocket, arc putting up supreme re
An artillery battlo is raging along
wide front northwest of Itheims.
By John De Gandt
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris. Oct, v. uu:uu a. m.) iii,.h t.p.n villi,, m-mi wit.
allies are still smashing forward be-
tween Ht. Quentin and Cambrai.
Tlie nriFian' Him r rrn' ii- mv-hi :
gates of Uohain (11 miles northeast
of Ht. Quentin). The Americans are
less than four kilometers (two and a
half miles) from Busigny (three miles
and a half north of Bohain.)
In the Champagne, Franco-American
divisions arc qienaeing Machuult (20
miles northeast of Kheims.)
Tho French, operating in liasion
with the American left wing, are press
ing north in the Argonne forest, which
the enemy is hastily evacuatii.g.
Two entire divisions have been de
stroyed it) the fighting along the
Suippe river. On the right bank of the
Aisne French and Americans are re
gressing toward I.acon (seven miles
southwest of Monthois.)
Further to the northeast tho Ameri
cans along the Aire river are render-
ing the enemy's hold on the Grand Pre
By Lowell Mellett
With the British Armies in France,
And Thursday unsettled, prob-
cby showers northwest, gener-
ally fair south and eAst por-
tioas; moderate southeasterly
winds. -sc
Oct. 9. The British, Americans and
French, attacking on a 20 mile' front
between St. Quentin and Cambrai are
well ahead of their scheduled object-
lves. The assault beginning on a limit
cd front early yesterday rapidly gre
in scope until it encompassed the wholo,
front between the two cities. An aver
age advance of one to thico mile, was
made with a total penetration of five
miles in tho center where the Ameri
cans, fighting side by side of English,
Scottish and Irish units, drove deep in
to the enemy lines, capturing Bran
court and Fremont.
The Americans engnged in this fight
ing are .General Lewis' "Wild .t"
division, comprising troops from North
Carolina, South Carolina and Tennes
see. Tho Americans overcame stubborn
enemy resistance, especially from ma
chine gunners.. On. the extreme left,
jiiBt xoutli of Cambrai, the, Gtfrman
launched a counter attack, employing
a number of tanks. They succeeded in
re-taking Niergines and Heranvillcra
V.,, ,t. l ' i l.....:
, uui wie luunn ntre put. uui ui uuBiurnv
The fiKi,ting began in a downpour
of rain blIt tha woatl,nr cleared later
in jho riflV.
Three M1 Front Taltfla
Paris, Oct. 9. Capture of .German
positions on a three mile front south
east of Ht. Quentin was announced to
day by the French war office.
German counter attacks were repuls-
jed along the Arne river. There was
violent armierv ngnting aiong ine
Oise and the Suippo.
"During the night in the region
southeast of St. Quentin we have tak
en bitterly defended German positions
between Karly and Neuvills-ISt. Ar
mnnd," the communique said. "The
latter village is outflanked from the
"There were violent artillery bom
bardments south of the of the Oils
anj on ti10 ,suippe
Xorth of the j
AniM, tho Oermans
unsuccessfully tried to offset our gains
of yesterday. They incurred heavy loss
e. On the Ames front yesterday wo
took more than 600 prisoners."
(Continued on pngo three)