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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1918)
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6PECIAL WILLAMETTE TAL-
LEY KEW8 SERVICE
1 THE WEATHER.
Aad Sunday rain; cooler ia east
portion tonight; moderate aou-
( t J I I I 1 i t j tbwesteriy winds in the inter-
111 j i ( ior. fresh southwesterly winds
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS'
ON TRAINS AND KEWS
ETANDS FIVE CENTS
PI m all mm t
IIFIIf IR f llfll 111 R iffi ll f Wf
. i -. . . . ' - 1 . , 1
THROUGH LINE BEHIND SUI
jo,i. o r
" . i.il.
a-4 ... m-
BRITISH ADVANCE FOUR MILES
GERMANS BEING PUT IN POCKET
10,000 TURK SOUDERS DESERT
Unchecked Successes In 250 Mile Battle Front Mark Today s
- Situation-Northwest Of Rheims Push Started On Whole
Aisne Front Prisoners Men In Last five Days Before
Today 2,500.-Many Big Guns Captured.
London, Oct. 5--Franco-American forces have defin
j itely broken through the whole front of the enemy's defen
sive line behind the Suippe river, west of the Argonne, ac
cording to battle front dispatches received this afternoon.
South of the Aisne the German retirement before
General Mangin's and Generalt Berhelot's armies appears
to have ended temporarily.
Th Germans have now definitely retired behind the
Kriemhilde-Stellung line in the American sector of the
.Champagne front, it is. reported. Stiff er resistance even
than has been encountered heretofore is now expected.
London. Oct. 5.-(l:25 p. m.)-Tne
British line between Armentieres and
L3ug follows tha Armentieres railway
outhwaxd to the vicinity of the Haute
3eule canal, tlnn turns southward near
itwqiiUliea, according to information
meived here this afternoon.
Gained Two Miles
London, Oct. C. 1:22 p. m.) Am
erican forces, attacking on an eight
pule front between the Meuse. and the
Aire rivers, have advanced two miles
today, battle front dispatches reported
It 18 estimated that the Americans
today have taken between 3000 and
4000 prisoners in the Argonne-Meuse
London, Oct. 6. ( 4:30 p. m.) Am
erican troopg have captured Cunel, it
,w;i,s learned authoritatively today.
Cuuel is three miles directly west of
the Meuse and the same' distance west
of Breulles. It is on the Eriemhelde
; Il-.ie as that series of positions has been
meed by battle front dispatches.
ENEMY DROP BACK
By John De Gandt
(Tnited Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Oct. 5. (4:11 p. m.) Franco
American troops . driving northward
against VoB7.iers aiv now within less!
than five miles of that important Ger
, man base. Enemy long range gung cov
ering Vouziers which had been install
France Warns Huns
Of Reprisal Policy
Paris, Oct. 5. France 's sol
emn warning that reprisals will
be Inflicted on Germany in re
turn for her devastation in
Franc met with widespread ap
proval. The warning was timed
to save Lille and other indus
trial cities, through which the
boche is preparing to pass in
The press comment on the
warning intimates that all the
allies are likely to join in a
warning that will state frankly
to Germany that the martyred
towns and cities of Belgium
and France will be avenged.
Premier Clemenceau stated:
Germany is acquiring a crush
ing debt, which is to be aveng
ed. We have notified our al
lies that th:s question will have
a just place on the day of set
ed near Suguy and between Bt. Etienno
and Scmide, ai being hastily with
drawn. Th0 Germans are reported, to be
evacuating th entire Moronvillcrs
grove. ' -
General Dcbeny is tightening his grip
on the Oisj region, soutj, of St. Quen
tin and is increasing his pressure
against the northern defenses oi Laon
mill tlia fit rinhnin ......f
PUT GERMANS IN POCKET
By John De Oandt
(Uiiitcd Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Oct. 5. (10:29 a. m.) The
French and American drives in the Ar-
gonne, Champagne and Rheims are im-jtal of $23,486.23.
perilling the Germans in thc Argonne' Folk county pays 30 per cent of the
and in the newly created pocket north-pnaintcnanec, but nothing for thc light
east of Rheims. ' 'ing. The two bills to be rendered Polk
Franco-American troops are now county are: $41,270.79 for its share of
strongly established on the Orfeuil tllo bridge according to the agreement
tableland. of April 24, 1917, and a bill for $2L000
Tln French have reached the Ames f of its share of the eost of maintaining
stream and are threatening to envelop 'a free ferry and temporary bridge, ae
the enemy still holding Nogent- L'Ab-jross the river during the construction
besse, Beine and the Moronvillers o the new bridge, according to the ag-
grove (all between KhjimB and the :
Suippe river.) "
This operation is in conjunction with
General Berthelot's drive . nortj, of
' The American advance cast of the
Argonne is timed to progrvss with
General Gouraud s right and is menac
ing thc Germans in the great forest
evacuation of which is expected.
Turkish Deserters Fight
Zurich, Oct. 5. Ten thousand desert-
vrs from the Turkish army assembled
outside Constantinople and demanded
the resignations of Talaat rasha, the
(Continued on page three)
German Peace Terms
Are Revised Once More
Zurich, Oct. 5. Princw Max
of Baden, the new chancellor,
will announce his program to
tho reichstag today according to
advices. It will include:
Restoration of Belgium by
means of an international fund.
Revision of the Brest-Litovsk
and Bucharest treaties by a
congivss of all thc belligerents.
Freedom of the seas.
No payment Of damages don
to France. ......
Retention of Alsace-Lorr.iiue.
- Return of German coloniAi. '
Partial and progressive disarmament.
SOME FIGURES AS TO
HATEK1AL USED AND
COST OF NEW BRIDGE
Total Cost $241, 121.23 And
Final Payment Was Made
With the payment of $14,397.68 by
the couuty court Of Marion county to
the Coast Bridge company, and Robert
Wakefield, the check bearing date Get.
3, 1913, the final payment was mads on
tie,? third bridge across the Willamette
River at Salem
The actual cost of construction of the
bridge was $233,4811.23. To this must be
added $5,160.00 for paving and $1000
for tlio fill on the Marion county ap
proaeh. There wag an. additional cost
of $1475.00 for wiring and lighting fix
tures, bringing the final total cost up
to $-41,121. 23 as it now stands.
If th bridge had been built one year
carlKr it would have cost about $175,
000.00. But tjiere was unavoidable dif
ficulties, although the Marion county
court was willing to commence work in,
1914, when the two county courts first
met to consider the bridge proposition.
If its construction had been delayed
one jvar, it would have cost pro.iding
the material could be gecured, the sum
Bids Were Reduced.
The bridge was built on bids for cer
tain quantities of materials and not on
a lump sum bid. On the basis of the ma
terials to ba used, as estimated by the
bridge department of thc State High
way commission, there was two bids,
one for $266,771.10 and that of the
Coast Bridge company and Robert
Wakefield for $247,901.00. By extending
the time of construction a fewinonths,
thj company reduced its bids $10,000.
There was a change made wherein it
was found unnecessary to dig quite so
deep for the foundation of one of the
piers, so that at the final settlement tha
company received for the bridgo a to-
reeinent or. April Z4, ivli.
Highway Engineers Helped.
The State Highway commission en
gineers department, drew the plans for
the bridge, superintended construction
and did everything possible to aid the
Marion county officials from the time
thc bridge was proposed to the 'final
payment was made Thursday.
L. W. Metzger, bridge engineer for
the 3tate highway department diew the
plans and the county is under deep ob
ligation to him for his work in super
intending the structure as well as ad
vising the Marion county court from
time to time. To Judge Bushey and the
county court co-oeratlng with him for
the past four years, is due tho fact that
thc county had the money on hand to
pay for the bridge, without borrowing
a dollar. While there is $18,000 due on
thc first bridge, and $20,000 on the sec
ond, the third bridge starts with a clear
title with not a dollar owing.
Some figures on this one of the fin
est bridges in the northwest are as
Theiv are four steel spans, eack of
132 feet, 3 inches, one span of 111 feet river, the concrete foundations were
a one of 135 feet. laid, the piling extending three or four
Including the two approaches the .feet up into the solid concrete,
length of the bridge Is 2005 feet. j For each pier, 70 piles were driven.
The Polk county approach is 780 feet; For each of the piers, the piles were
in length. The Marion county approach! drivvn the 48 feet or more, until the
is 330 feet. timmene force of the pile driver could
The Materials Used. ' I force them no deper into the river
' 1055 cubic yards of material was used bed.
in thc shafts to the top of the bases, j Tho county courts of Marion and Polk
16,000 pounds 0' metal re inforcing counties met August 1, 1914, for the
was used in the foundations. j purpose of constructing a bridge across
2335 cubie yards of concrete w re used
in the piers.
20,000 feet of piles were driven as
CITY BRINGS SUIT
This Will Test Validity Of Or
dinance Passed Year
SAY DEFENDANTS ACT
Claim He Made One Payment
Question Will Now Be
The city of Baku has filed in the
circuit co.urt a suit against John H. Al
bert for the foreclosure of a delinquent
assessment lien. This is the first suit
filed in Oregon under this procedure,
On July 9, 1917, the voters of the city
jmpowored the council to provide au
ordinance for thecollection of delin
quent municipal liens by the issuance
and salo of certificates of delinquency
and tho foreclosing of same.
The assessment lien on which the city
has brought suit to foreclose on pro
perty is on Winter, street, in block HI,
of University- addi'Aw..
- September 27,' 1909,; the defendant
filed with the city rccordVr,. according
to tho complaint, a written applies
tion to pav the assessment in ten an
nual installments as provided by law.
In the application he stated he desired
the benefit of thw law for payments in
installments. After making uuu- ry
nient, the complaint alleges that Mr.
Albert -refused to pay the other annual
The complaint also alleges that in
Mr. Albert's application of Sptimbor
27, 1910, he exprcsBly waived all irre
gularities or dofects, - jurisdiction or
otherwise in the proceedings to improve
the street and in the apportionment of
costs thereof and he further aoknow
ledgod his property to bo legally charged
with the several amounts assessed upon
it. Also that he promised and agreed
to pav the same in annual installments.
The! impro-veml'ut lien assessed
against tho property of Mr. Albert to
tals $416.90. There is now duo the sum
of $2'M.&!, plus the amount of accrued
interest, $167.32, a total of $4.r)9.15.
In its complaint against Mr. Albert
filed this morning by City Attorney B.
W. Macy, the city prays for a decree
and judgment against tho property for
$459.15 and also tor a decree foree loa
ns tihe lien of certificate of delin
quency. Thc city further asks for a de
cree agaist Mr. Albert that the pro
perty shall bo sold by the marshal of
the city according to tne city oruin
ance ad that the city may become the
Citv Attorney Macy said this morn
ing that within a few days otlser suits
of the same nature would be Vought
for the foreclosing of dehniqueney cer
UP FIVE AND HALF MILES
New York, Oct. 5 For tho first
time since Lincoln Bcachev's altitude
record of 11,612 feet was bettered, the
world s record for altitude flight in
an aeroplane is held by an American
officially promulgated by thc Aero
Club of America.
The new record of 28,900 feet was
made at Wilbur Wright field, Ohio, by
Caotain R. W. Schroeder in a Bristol
foundations under the
base of the
400,000 pounds of rip rap stone were
used around the base of tire piers,
For the steel, erection, painting, side
walks, and flooring of the bridge the
cost was $127,510.00
About 650 tons or 1,300,000 pounds of
steel were used m the superstructure.
The piles' are driven 48 feet below
the bed of the river for (en pier.
On thl P'les, below the bed of the
: the Willamette. The bridge was com-
ipleted four years later, and the final
payment made Octabcr 3, 1918.
AMERICANS ARC IN THICK
American Punching Power
Overcomes Resistance cf
By Fred 8. Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American First Army, Oct.
5. (10 a. m.) Furious fighting con
tinued today along the whole fifty mile
front in tho Champagne-Argonne re
gion. Heavy artillery fire is supporting
tho infantry assaults. The weather is
ideal and there ia a stupendous amount
of aerial activity.
Violent German counter attacks in
the region of Fleville, on the eastern;
edge of the Argonne forest, wrere re
mile and quarter). Regulars in co-
Resumption of the American first
army's attack on a 20 mile front west
of tho Meuse, together with ft five mile
advance of the Americans east of
Rheims, has brought the Americana
within smashing distance of the Ger
man line at two important positions on
the west front,'
In the Champagne, tho Amoricans
crossed the plains beyond Blanemont
and reached tho outskirts of St. Etoin-
ne-A-Arnes increasing, with , the
French advances, the possibilities of
complete relief of Rheims.
West of the Meuse, General Bullarus
corps has reached the Kreiinneme-
Ktonllung line. " Troops, from Jinnois,
Wisconsin,- Pennsylvania, Virinia and
West Virginia, in a pivoting movement
advanced more than two kilometers (a
male and a quartofj. ffcgulars in co
operation, progressed five kilometers
(moro than three miles.)
Tho attack west of the Meuse began
at 5.25 Besterday morning and by
mid afternoon Hill 240, Gcsiies, Fleville
Chesery and LaForges had fallen. Sev
eral counter attacks in the center were
repulsed with heavy losses and the ad
vance was fully maintained.
The attack was carried on success
fully in tho Argonne despite the great
est difficulties. The boche had felled
trees and interlaced them with barbed
wire. Machine gun nests wcro cleverly
concealed in this tangle. Tanks clean
ed these up.
Numerous explosions of ammunition
dumps in tho rear of the enemy liuas
throughout tho day gavo additional ev
idence of the heavy losses suffered by
tho boche from our artillery firo.
The attack, starting at some points
without artillery preparation surpriBod
the Germans, who were quickly depos
ed of. But the enemy's heavy concen
tration of artillery and machino guns
afforded a general stubborn resistance
all day. The Kreimhclde-Stcllung line
was reached first by a pivoting attack,
swinging northwestward from tne
Meuse. Every kilometer gained was
won by straight American punching
power, aguinst strong enemy divisions
which included guards. Two guard di
visions have been badly cut up on the
American front and one has been fill
ed up with landwehr troops.
worn- Witn French
The Franco-American attaek east of
Rheims was pushed vigorously, the
We're alius ilud when frftst coms an'
nips th' feller that says 'tomatoes!
Lnfe Bud wur so crazy t' take his car
out bunday tabt lie almost went i
French attacking on-the American left
and following up our advance. A deter
mined enemy counter attack was re
pulsed after a considerable advance
had been made by tho Franco-Ameri
The doughboys did not budge an inch
from their new lines.
The cnomy's hold was broken by the
capture of Blanemont, which was tak
en with surprising rapidity. Tho Fran
co-American artillery laid down a bar-
rauo on the road leading toward Blane
mont all Thursday night. Behind this
the infantry moved up to its jumping
off positions. Even the ho'P'taU were
moved forward. ' ' ' '
One hospital unit which has beon un
der sholl fire for three days, but waoso
position became safe again through re
moval of the German artillery asked to
ha nllnu-prl t.n an forward so as to en
able quicker handling of the wound
ed. The capture of Blanemont was of
nortanre in this immediate
area, as the fall of Mont Faucon wa
in the Verdun region, rueae are iwv
imnnrtBnt. kev positions which have
been taken by the Americans within a
Break Grip on Ehelms
Tho fl.-i rm four vear Grin on
Rheims is now 'being shaken by tuu al
lies west and cast of the city.
I stood on a neigut just duck ui iuu
front and saw the Franco-American
barrage rolling up great clouds of chalk
dust as it shattered , its way ahead of
dm ttrtvanc.iiitr doimiibovs, in. eontlnu1
ance of the attack which started early
in the nioruibj,-.
it. wni like fiirhtiun across a west
ern prairio. There was scarcely a tree
in gight over tne vast sireieuos u iw
plateau, with only a dominating rise
here and there to break the monotouy
of the terrain. The attack swung for
ward in a northwesterly direction, thus
pinching In the salient about Rheima.
Every step forward rendered the boche
position about the city more difficult.
with Genoral Berthe
lot's attack on the west, it is opening
tho way to freeing tne city iruui m
tillory fire. .
The American attack was nignij
spectacular. It resulted iu General
Gouraud sending his personal congrat
ulations to the American divisional
One Man capturea a
Tho Crunch had taken a position
known as "Klba trench."
With the crash of the opening or nie
barrage, thc infantry jumped off. Their
confidence in the artillery was bo
great that one officer said "the men
just leaned against tho barrage. '
The first positions wero quickly
crossed. Further on. numerous pill box
es were encountered. French tunks as-I-
ninnniniT nn some of these. In
other instances the pill boxes were
smothered with Hmone oomu, ...
ericans then closing In with their bayo
net . . !t ..
A corporal of a famous unit
cd 13 officers, including a major ana
28 men in one dugout. The major, yho
was in command of an artillery group,
was greatly downcast whn,.br.ouj? 1
to the rearf He and all the other Mi
cers wore iron crosses of the first class
Tho corporal was approaching the
entrance of a dugout when the first
boche came out. The doughboy quickly
,nvred and disarmed him. Ho then
rushed for thc other entrance anu en
countered an officer ciir r.g out, with a
revolver in his hand. The corpornl de
manded his surrender, adding that he
i... i Wrnr tell all the others inside to
surrender, as he was about to unload
all his grenades in tne nuguui.
complied and the corporal marched
them back to the rear.
Have Downhill ngnnng
With the capture of Blancmint the
Americans now have dounUHI ngniiug
all the way to thc Aisne. The ndgc
over which they passed was tne ene
my's stronghold in this region.
The wonderful comradeship of the
French and Americans was again dem
onstrated in this fighting.
i,.,.;.n mntorcvc.ln drivers dashed
4XI11V..VUU - , , ,
by carrying French officers in the side
' , 3-. l..,V,.,l.nnn. hunt-
cars ana vice ro. iiiuuu...vt.
ening to the rear carried French and
Overhead was the familiar riuoou-
i.n !r W Preach and Ameri
can shells. An Amorican rolling kitch
en served poilus and dongtiooys.
Late in the evening the scene was
-i J ,o.i Tho flash of HUI1S
pierced the horizon to tho northward,
silhouetting men, guns aim " -
i, m,i fiimmrd across tho pla
teaus, while to the westward, a blood
red sun sank, slowly over nae.ms.
sky was tinted, as though with tne
blood of tho thousands of Frenchmen
who have died In the city's defense.
AT PERTH AIIBOY
Terrific Explosions Succeed
Each Other Throaghcat
CASUALTIES 800 AND
DEAD MAY NUMBER 150
Plant Cost $12,000,000. Val-
of kmitions Is
New York, Oct. 5. Traffic on all tha
bridges across th East River and thru
the tubes under both the East River aad
Hudson river was brought to a stand
still here this afternoon by military au
thorities. Orders were issued to Mayor Hylaa
following information that a tremend
doua explosion might be expected at any
time at the Gillespie munitions plant ia
New York, Oct. 5. ' Reverberating
with a roar' as of heavy artilrery, tha
scries of deadly explosions that started -the
demolition of the cuormous Gilles
pig Shell loading plant Sear Perth Am-,
boy,. N. J., last night, continued today.
At noon tho wrecking force or firw
and hvavy explosive blasts had practi
cally eompleted its work. Firemen, po-.
(Continued on page three)
HAVE DEPOSITS IN
Astoria, Salem and Pendleton
Have Above S6,0u0,0u9 ;
There are now twenty seven million
dollar towns in Oregon. By this is meant
that in each of thvso towns the banks
havo more than $1,000,000 on deposit.
This is shown by a statement compile!
by Will H, Bennett, superintendent of
In the state there are 203 banking in-
stitutinns which havo deposits amount
ing to $196,926,418. In thv 27 million
dollar towns there are 98 banks, which
have a total deposits of $164,793,802.
or 83.6 per cent of the total deposits in
the state. .
The city of Portland has 24 banks
which hold $106, 291. 286 or 54 per
evnt of tho totul deposits in the state,
while the banks in the other towns in
the $1,000,000 class licild $38,502,513, or
29.7 per cent of the totul deposits in tho
The larger banking cities are in or
City or town and ,
No. of Banks Deposits '
Portland, 24 :.$10C,2l,286.7l
Astoria, 4 :.. 6,218,039,33
Salem, 4 6,113,774.24
Pendleton, 2 6,075,020.35
Eugvnc, 4 3,605,9.:6.i:S
Baker, 3 3....,158,713.3:i
Albany, 3 2,498,164.11
The Dalles, 2 2,305,363.64
Medford, 4 2,287,108.70
Klamath Falls, 3 2,277,497.53-
Oregon City, 3 2,146,596.17
McMinnville, 4 1,913,933.75
Marshfield, 3 1,835,710.7
Roscburg,, 3 1,761,931.10
La Grande, 2 1,818,092.18
Corv-allis. 3 1,714,589.01
Hillsboro, 3 1,481,836.3
llleppnor, 2 1,225,879.13
Tillamook, 2 ' 1,213,793.6
'Hilvcrton, 2 1,177,810.50
Ontario, 2 . 1,155,367.24
Grant, Pass, 3 1,151,452.61
j Hood River, 2 1,138,575.67
IBend, 2 1,087,887.45
I'Milton, 2 1,076,166.11
iLakeview, 4 ' 1,053,202.94
j Ashland, 3 1,009,084.24
(Total banks, 98, deposits $164,793,802.97
Deposits of Fivcwater branch of tha
i First KlUonal tank included.