THE WXATBES. " fl - OREGON': '"tOMGHT. J" OREGON TONIGHT nijio ifTiiitiss1 Ana emuraay, enowera west, ra) J;,: JUrfy and occasionally ; ean portion; south- ft J? the toast. FORTY-FIRST YEAR tfO. 236. SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER' 4, 1918. PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS AND NEWS STANDS FIVE CENTS 4,600 SUBSCRIBERS (23,000 BEAKERS) DAILY Only Cirenlatioa in SaVm Guar aiteed by thj Audit Bureaa et Circulation FULL LL4SED WIRE DISPATCHES ESPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL LEY NEWS SERVICE . CJ M I tat Ihm in 11 M'ffi LITTLE CRAFT HAT HELP IN SMASHING AUSTRIAN NAVAL T I: BASE A RITISH CAVALRY CUT THROUGH Buitvon USTtoi HI OF DEFENSE With This Trench Line Gone No Other Can Be Built Except Far In The Rear. Believed Attack On Durazzo Will Be Followed By Smash At Catlaro And Other Ports Now Used By Austria.-Constantinople It Is Intimated .Will Be Next Objective Of Armies In Serbia. Rome, Oct. 4. Two enemy submarines were destroy ed by. American submarine chasers in the naval raid on the Austrian naval base of Durazzo, the Italian admiralty announced today. - "American chasers, escorting warships bombarding Durazzo, destroyed two enemy submarines," the state ment said. "Italian and British warships at midnight Wednes day penetrated the mines guarding Durazzo and entered the port. They entirely destroyed the fortifications and depotts supplying he Austrian army in Albania. , "They sank enemy destroyers and destroyed a trans port and light craft." Speaking in the chamber, Premier Or luido announced, the complete dart ruc tion of the Austrian base of ships at Durazzo. ''Italian and British warships, under fcrotecticm of allied destroyers and Am erican submarine chasers, pwsed the mine fields, eluded submarines and fiercely bombarded the harbor works of Ctirazzo," Orlando said, i "They sank an enemy destroyer and steamer. Italian and British air men bombed the port. We suffered no lama except that the stern of British cruiser was slightly damaged by a tor jwclo.' ' Gain Six Miles. London, Oct. 4. (1:18 p. m.) The Bdtisn aavanco oetween ATmenuerra aud Leng has now reached a total depth I of six miles, according to battle front ! awpatcues receiver nere tnis luteruoou. ALLIES GOING AHEAD. By John DeOandt. (United Press Staff Correspondent.) Paris, Oct. 4. (4:15 p. m.) The allied forces in the Charupegne and.nf a quarter of million prisoners, (he rates, in connection with which the rail ftbiems regions are swinging forward gravity of which appearg when one con- roads refused to submit to the jurisdic simultaneously. General Gourand Is directing the col umng constituting his left wing along .the road from Somme-Py to Attigny and Is menacing Seuiide (six miles north of Somme-Py.).. His center is astride the (highway from Mont 'Hols to Vouzieres. The advance has been extended west ward to Morovillers (three miles west of tie Sulppe river) which Is being heavily shelled... The allied artillery action also is pouriug an enfilading fire into the German trenches in the Monts region (north of Somme-Py.) Berlin Admits Loss. - Berlin, via London, Oct. 4. French aud Americaus, attacking In the uuwn pigne on a wide front between the 8u (PPe and the Aisne rivers, have gained a footing on the high ridges between Somme-Py and St. Etienne (five miles asuthwest of Somme-Py.) the German war office announced today. They oc cupied the Welnsen-Medah height. . . Between Oreful and the Aisne enemy stacks were repulsed. There were vigor ous engagements south of Liry and son tbwest of Montpois. Tbe enemy pene trated Challerange, but wag driven out asain. WHOLE LINE CRACKING. By Webb Miller. Oct. i (12:;5 p. Paris. m.) The 1W DURAZZO Gorman line, from the Argonne to the sea, is cracking ominously, Marshal Foc-h is showering smashes on the brittle spots, widening the fissures.. Just as the cracks in Flanders and thc Chcmin- Des-Dames region are causing a retire ment on wide fronts at LaBassea and northwest of Rheims, other withdrawals will result as new cracks develop In oth er sectors. Already it is becoming evident that the Germans have made, up their minds to lessen their clutch on a large stretch of t rench and Belgium torntory. There fore, General Ludendorff- is attempt ling to retivat in one narrow section at a time, to crain as much time an Dossil) lo, and to save a, much material and man -power as he can. F0ch 's task is not only to open new .racks; but to give the enemy plenty of Backward momentum. The outstanding result of tha first rwek of the world's greatest battle is the Germans' loss of their great defen-j sive system, upon which they intended: to make a stand this winter. A seconaarv result Das ocen tne loss smerg tnat tne equivalent 0 Hen uer - man divisions nave been killed and wounded in addition. AMERICANS IN DRIVE. By Fred S. Ferguson (United Press Staff Correspondent) With the Americans Between Kheinis atd Verdun, Oct. 4. Renewed Franco Aneriean stacks east of Bheimg have further pinched in the big salrent cre ated by the allied armies. the Americans have marked prog ress it-, the direction of St. Etienue-A-Ar:'ej five miles northwest of Somme-Py-. - . XIo'itKane hag been nearly cleared depriving le enemy of bis dominat ing key point in this section. Tha A.rsencan advance then contin ued down tire slopes in the plains. Addi tional prsonerg have been taken. IT CLEARS THE WAT. By Carl D. Groat (United Press Staff Correspondent) Washington, Oct. 4. American-allied cmnshing of the Austrian naval hase at Durazzo will have a marked eifoct upon the Macedonian operations. One of the navy department's highest officials today noted that this our- CM SYSTEM THE (Continued on page two) till - II r -v V 1 1 til I Mil- Li IN ALBANIA FREIGHT RATES MAY BE REDUCED ON WOOD! APPLESAND STONE Director Prouty So Informs Senator McNary In Re sponse To Inquiry Belief front tha 25 per cent increase in freight rates a applied to apples' wood and stone, and perhaps other com moditivs, are practically assured by Di rector Charles A. Prouty of the railroad administration In a-letter received by the public service commission today. Director Prouty's. leter was written to Senator McNary, who forwarded it to the commission. Senator McNary took the matter up with the railroad admin iutration upon information , furnished him by Public Service Commissioner, Buchtel, who cited illustrations of the injustice which the rate increase will work upon Oregon apple growers and othcr8 .'who depend upon the railroads. .. Dhvctor Prouty says simfilar conv- plaints havo poured into his office from all parts of the country and atoution is being given them as rapidly as posslli lc. Speaking of the apple rates, ho says that the local traffic committee and the general traffic committee both have recommended a reduction. "The matter i9 now under consid eration by Director Chambers and myt self and some conclusion will be reach ed in the near future," he says. "I be lieve it probable that some reduction will be made but do not care to . indi cat0 extent of the reduction tat would be made in the rate on atom?, especially on short hauls, s0 that the work on Ya quiua Bay jetty may be continued. - Complaint has also been made against the high freight rate on wood, wit an excessive charge when wood is hauled but short distances, aud to meet this sit uation Director Prouty says he is now considering the establishment of mile age scale of rates for transportationn of cordwood in the state of Minnesota and tha hp will extend his investigations to Oregon. " Wood is undoubtedly a priim? essen tial in Oregon and ought to movo under rates as low as can properly be cstob lished, " he says. Announcement will be made soon, he also says, of the railroad adniinistra tion 's attiudo toward state commissions and the jurisdiction of the state com missions. This qucstiou was raised in connection with a complaint against a weighing charge of $5 imposed by some or tn railroads . and n so mrninat snh tion ot the state commission. Melville S. Jones - Writes From France Melville 8. Jones, son of Seyrr.om Jones, is in France in the Ifith Engin eers, stationed at headquarters.. In a letter home h? writes a follows: "Wc have been enjoying some of that justly famous Oregon weather where it raing half an inch in an hour. It almost makes me homesick. There is not much travel around Franc.', as Uncle Ham does not encourage travel except to wards Germany. "I have been in 'Gay Paree' several times. Tho biscuit shooters ire just the same as found in the states. Let Bro. Archard know that with his well known ability for toasting the ladies that he would cither suffer from paral ysis of the vocal organs or would bo forced to consult a dictionary were he ere. . . "I am abqut to start tt!y second wiulcr in France. So while you arn sitting around thw six foot fire place just wish me luck in my efforts to coax a litle heat out of the French stove. I have never yet seen one that would do any heating. The letter is addressed, "II. J. WW mcr, Salem. Oregon, God's Couutry." PROCESS 0FWIP1NG OUT AUTOCRACY IS imrnii Kaiser Knows His Family Is Doomed Hence his Fran tic Appeals . By Ed L. Keen (United Press staff correspondent) London, Oct. 4. There are "indica tions that the process of wiping out the militaristic and autocratic govern ment of Germany, which President Wilson declared is necessary before peace can be accomplished, has already begun. While it is not believed "that the present crisis in Germany will result in the setting np of anything resemb ling a democratic government, it .is ev ident from the buek passing- of those dodging offers of the chancellorship that the kaiser and Hohenzollernism are on the downgrade. Thp kaiser's reVjent appeal for a rec ognized "peojjlo't government," and another appeal which he is. now issu ing, but of which, no details have yet been received, arj regarded as camou flage to fool the German public and the entonto statesmen. An interesting tli'ig in connection with this is the report from Amster dam stating that the 'majority mem bers of tho reiehstag have adopted the following program: Endorsement of the July (1917) peace resolution; estoration of Bel gium; declaration Af Germany's readi nes to join the league of nationirjauto- nomy for .Alsace-Lorraine and equal suffrage for Prussia. REGULATED FROM LOCAL STANDPOINT Chairman Steiner Says There cal Stores. Dr. R. E. Lee Steiner, chairman of the Marion county council of defense announces that the council will regu late conditions in the county from a local standpoint. It is the purpose of tho county committee to comply with war essentials but net pprmi; any rad ical conditions that would do injustice to the community. The committee figures that on minor matters where great war problems arc not concerned, it can best regulate lo cal affairs. This will mean that there will be nor Sunday closing of confec tionery stores nor the enforcement of fl o'clock closing for such (daces of business, as suggested by the Btate council of dcfcns.e At the meeting held last evening at the Commercial club, called by the chairman, Dr. Steiner, Frank Wright man was elected secretary, Judge Law rence T. Harris first vice president, and Dr. H. H. dinger as second vice president. Dr. Steiner and Mr. Wright man will go to Portland in a few days to consult with the state officials. Others who have been selected as members of the. county council of de f?hso are: W. I. Staler, W. I. Need ham, M. L. Meyers, Harvey Wells, K. F. Carleton, Judge Geo. II. Burnett, F. W. Steusloff, R. C. Bishop, Ir. W. B. Morse, O. E. Wraters, T. O. Bligh, Jos eph II. Albert, I. 0. Curtis. Walter A. Denton, A. Brownson and J. A. Law rence. 1,840,000 Americans Sent Across Ocean - Washington, Oct. 4. A total of 1,840,000 American troops have been sent overseas to date, members of the house military committee said they were told at a war department conferenew today. ' Committeemen also quoted war department officials for the statement that 234 Dc Hav- iland planes had been produc- ed last week, bringing s total production to 1S9 1. Liberty motors production now totals H21fl, committeemen said thev wre told. 1(1, l.M IJ TOMORROW LAST DAY FOR REGISTBATION FOR COMING ELECTION For The City Election Voters Can Register To Saturlay Night, October 19. For the state election, the final date of registering is tomorrow, Saturday October 5, and the final hour is 5 o'clock in the afternoon, at the coun ty clerk's office in the court homo. For the city election, the final date is BatairdaT, October 19, and at 5 o'clock in the afternoon. The state law is that voters must register 30 days before the election. The city law is 13 days beforo elec tion. Election day is Tuesday, Nov. 5. For the city election in which voU-3 of course are east by wards, if one has even .changed residence and yet re mains in the same ward, it is necessary to register again, ss the eity law re quires that the house address of the voter be made part of tho records. Xi one has not registered for four years or moved o.it of the ward, nf course it is necessary to register again. Regis tcring for tho city election may now be done at the city hall. For the state election, if . one hnfl not voted for two years, or has moved out of tho precinct, it is necessary to reg ister again. For the state election, eiie may regfc-ter at the county dark'.: of fice in the court housi ,up io 5 pVb::k tomorrow afternoon. , It requires two freeholders to sweur in a vote where one has "failed" to reir- ister. The city and county eloetion ii heia on the same date os the state elec tion Nov, S'. - : - ' ''- Insurance Companies Have $15,485371 Invested In Oregon Insurance comnanins havo Invented 415,483,371 in'Oreiron farm morfcapna city loans and Oregon bonds, according t0 a statement compiled by Insurance Commissioner Wells from the annua'' re ports of the insurance companies do ing business in this state. Tho biffgest item of investment, u city loans, which totals $8,752,790 wmio next is first mortgages on farms Which toal $3,122,543. . Various kindg of Oregon bonds are owned b thw insurance comnanics in the following amounts: School, 4332,600 roads 524, 57; municipal 2,254,144; district $01,000; county $154,435; mis cellaneous IM,000; railroad aud street railway, $159,000. 123,000 Prisoners Taken During September Paris, Oct. 4. The allies took 123, 000 German prisoners in Franco and Bel gium during September, it was officially announced today. Tho captives jncl'id ed 120,192 men and 2,844 offiewrs. During the same period tho allK'S optured l.fiOO cannon and more t-fter. naehiiio guns. t From July 15 to September 30, the allies took prisoner 248,494 men and 5,518 officers aud captured 3,609 can non and 23,000 Machine gnus. , ; ABE MARTIN J Kt&rti 1 y, Pa 'rcr Constable Xewt Plum arrested a dan gerous lookin' stranger this mornin, fcr tryin' to cash a Ford. Th' ole scouts who have been for'ty-fivj fer the past fiftien years kin now hang up tlie tou pees, ' , ' ') if MA- V INFLUQ1ZA HITS CII8H1WS 175,000STRICKOJ Boston With . 30,000 Cases And 1912 Deaths Is Worst Sufferer DEATHS AVERAGE ONE OUT OF 27 ATTACKED One Death Reported From Se eattle , San Francisco Has 16 New Cases ! New York, Oct. 4. Spanish Influenza sweeping through big cities of thu coun. try as well as through army camps, has brought suffering to more than 173,000 soldiers and civilians, reports from all sections show today. Death is occurring at the rate of one in each twenty seven cases, according 10 unofficial estimates. Fighting thy disease through every known agency, federal and local autho rities now feel tho spread of tho epi demio is being checked. Army physicians especially are malt ing headway. ivtports from Washington, today show approximately 105,000 caiws Rove been repotted in the army camps. , In the camps the epidemic seems to be moving westward. Camp Grant, 111. yestorday had 1,850 new easos of the disease, thvr greatost number reported for the day. from any of the canton ments. ", ' Camp Devens, MasB., where the dis ease has taken its biggest toll, probably still hag the greatost number of suffer ers, .although the epidemic was detinue ly reported as checked there several days ago. .' - l amp jjevens has had 12,823 cases with 693 deaths. In the big cities, civil ian, ero crowding hospitals and dispell saries and are clamoring for tivvatmcnt tliat the institutions arc able to give them but slowly because of inadequate facilities. At Bellcvue . hospital hero laBt night sufferers were assigned to co.s in the halls. At one tune seven ambulances appeared .simultaneously at the hospital entrance waiting to deliver patients. Today's figures, to 1e announced Int er, aiv expected to boost New York's total to nearly 6, 000. Boston is the worst afflicted of the Now England cities. Total cases there number 30,000, with 1912 deaths, more than any other city. A company of 102 physicians are today on their way to help in the cpidvinic in New England and the Atlantic const cities. Most of them left Washington last night under orders of the federal government. Ileio are unofficial ronorts showing total en si's and (K-aths among civilians up to lust mglit: Totul Cases Deaths New York 4,853 222 Boston 30,000 1,912 Des Moiuoj 3 1 Omaha ..... Burlington Springfield, Muss Brockton, Mass. Bridgeport, Conn Fitchburg, Moss 6 47 690 0,300 203 1 7 2S 136 10 99 2,000 Findlay, Ohio, 500 Cleveland, Ohio 50 6 S 2 2 8 Wilkesbarre, Pa. ; BO Allontown, Po 50 Hernnton, Pa GO Syracuse, N. Y 730 Newark, N. J 1,343 Schenectady, N, Y. 54 Westfield, Mass 129 San Francisco I. 23 Chicago, 111 1,549 Montreal, Que 130 Dayton, Ohio 27 10 9 7 102 1 2 Disease Beaches Seattle. Seattle, Wash., Oct. 4. Spanish In flueuza has claimed its first death in Seattle at the naval training camp at tho University of Washington. Altho Health Commissioner McBride reports that no proven cases of the strange ma lady hav,, been reported to the munici pal health department, naval authori ties say that 400 sailor cases are undvr observation in the camp. Visiting privileges there have bevn stopped, and an l.iformat on bureau es tublised for friends ond relatives of men. At he Piiget Sound navv yard, sovoral influenza deaths have occuricd, and many caw are under observation in hospitals. Medical staffs have been MiyfliiLp AUSTRIA MAY BI ! FORCED TO SEEIf SEPARATE PEACE Emperor Karl's Situation Is Daily Becoming More Desperate MAY HAVE TO YIELD TO CLAMORS OF POPULACE Only Strong And Prompt Ac tion By Germany Can Pre yent Peace Move By Eaymond Clapper. (United Tress Staff Correspondent.! Washington, Oct. , Significant de velopments aro impending in Austna, ncrding to strong diplomatic belief Ik'I'ii ti-.dn;.-, 1 vitcuation of Albania and loss of thj naval base at Durazzo have pf- ei ita:i'd s crisis in that rocking cm pw. . Ochs ''lid socialist deputies out nj 'oi.ly d T-iid a peaee with resto.-a-tint of Belgium, Serbia and Monteue,rr and fcrmtition of a league of nations in e'-mucMton v.tlh President Wiioh' $ar nitva Ksitporof . Ksri Is holding iinportant t.;m;. ret cos first with his chief of ttxtt and tl" ii with 1-ureign Minister Buriau and Premier Von Hnssarek. ' ' Tjat Austria might follow the course of Bulgaria shortly was not put bey ond the bounds of possibility in well in formed quarters. - , rjrri.'ior Karl's situation u 'pidly bccom.ug desperate, all reports ngr". and lie will shortly be at the point where he must yield to clamors for ponce. Only forenanded action by Gt-r-many can avert this, diplomats jay Socialist deputies, seeking peace, have made radical demands on tho govern ment, according t0 reports here today. These include! Creation of a league of nations; no economic warfare; no annexations; res toration of Belgium, Serbia and Montw-n-gro; revision of the treaties of Bu charest and Brcst-Litovsk; settlcmont of eastern questions along the lines ef nationalities; settlcmvut of the Polish Mucstion by the Polish people) autonomy for all peoples in Austria-Hungary. Demand that an International peace conference be called was made dur.ng tho sitting , lvports declare. Added to political troubles Sr0 the approaching: hardships of winter. Reliable data here fhmvs a general breakdown of health in :hts empire di-.o to nmiflieu nt food fnd shelter. Thw province or Holznurg, Is actually reported starving. Meat is foroidden to hotels and visitors liavo 1 i ..-.vere tj l?c so that there 'y lit-" footi for rcsidonts. For wevks iii population lina been entirely without eg!s, butter or fats. There has been no bread for at long as a week, ttccord.itlt to one statement. y.eki.vss hn increated ten per cent over I;isr vd'-.r. The inc:et .1 1 1 '.h number f .cn..uc cases of il.-n-", i:tt ing over seven days has lncrejl nenriy 10 per cent according to rsporrs f' i- t'x sick fucd buicau. increased. Sailors throughout the 13th naval district were ordvred last Satur day to keep away from crowds, follow i.-ig first appearance of influenza in tho northwest." Spreading In San rrancisco. Snn Frnncixeo, Oct. 4. The epidemio of Spanish influenza is hitting the west anj San Francisco is preparing for tba rapid spread of the disease, a.otdii.g to a public warning issued here today by City Health Officer Bas-di-r. Slr tcen nw cases have bivn reported here i:i the last 24 hours. Spreads in Seattle Seattle, Wash., Oct. 4. First civil ian case of Spanish Influenza were re ported to municipal health authorities today. " Nine .cases came under observation this morning," Health Commissioner McBride reported this afternoon. An other sailor at thc universtiv training camp died last nigiht, making total deaths here two, and total "bed" cas- '- e9 321. Village Holds Eecord Thc village cf Wishawa, Fa., with 50!) inhabitants, had 300 eass of Span ish influenza today. Nine deaths had been reported.