Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, September 17, 1918, Image 1

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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 221.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEW9
STANDS FIVE CENT3
FIGHTING TODAY IS IN THE AIR
GERI1NS CONCENTRATING PLANES
OffiFRENCU-AIIIICAN FRONT
BOCH
ES MOBILIZE 5,000 WOMEN
FOR AUXILIARY SERVICE-YANKS
ARE MILE AND HAif FROMBORDER
Americans Advance Between Mad And Moselle Rivers.-
Many German Planes Brought Down-British Advance
Front SttU Nearer St. Quentk-Bulgarian Troops Arrive
To Strengthen Hindenbnrg's Tottering Defense-Ameri
cans Capture All Artillery Of One German Division. -
By Fred S. Ferguson
(Unitted Press Saff Cor respondent)
With The .Americans On The Metz Front,' Sept. 17.
Gradual progress of the American line at the right and
left extremities continues as the Germans fall back to
ward the Metz defenses.
Aerial activity is somewhat reduced as the result
of unfavorable weather.
It i$ established that the Germans already have dis
banded 108 infantry battalions, equivalent to twelve div
isions, to make up the losses resulting from the year's
fighting. . ' .
Five thousand women are being mobilized for certain
auxiliary srevice. Boys of 15 also are being used.
The principal advance is heme made hetwpen tho Marl
and Moselle rivers. - The Germans are busily digging in
along the Hindenburg line, while our positions are being
stedily strengthened.
, Fighting near the Hindenburg Line has largely been
tr nsf en ed- from the ground to the air.
With the boche hurrying air reinforcements here, t' 3
concentration between the Meuse and the Moselle of air
fighters of all tvDes is resulting in flonstanl: air rlnola
Anti-aircraft guns are "also continually barking along the
T I .'C II Uill.
Numerous boche nlanes h
. Ik American and French pursuit machines are keeping
the enemy confined practically behind his own lines,
.whenever the Germans cross the front they are speedily
KAISER BREAKS DOWN
London, Sept. 17. The
Kaiser has suffered a ner
vous breakdown and is vtty
despondent, according to
strongly persistent reports,
HOW ST. MIHIEL SALIENT
WAS WIPED OFF THE MAP
BY AMERICAN TROOPS
Night Attack Caught The
Bocks Asleep. lnhabr
taiits Crazed with DeMt
CITY EDITOR CHAPIN
OF NEW YORK WORLD
MURDERS HIS WIFE
Claims All Memory Of Crime
Obliterated Until He Read
Story In Newspaper
- Local Fighting Only
Paris, Sspt. 17. Local fighting ana
artillery duels wore reported by the
French war office today.
"North of the Aisne there was mil
ium artillery fighting," tbj commu
nique said. "West of Maisons de Cham
pagne our surprise attack resulted In
some prisoners.
"Between St. Hilaire-la Grand and
Mont Sansoin, also north of Bhelms,
wa repuld several surprise attacks."
Near German Frontier
Paris, Sept. 17. American troops
have reached Vandieros, within a mile
and a half of th9 German frontier, La
Liberta annouml d today.
Vandieresls In the Moselle valley
three miles north of Font-a-Mousson.
British Make Gains
London, Sept. 17 Further progress
toward Bt. Quentin was reported by
field Marshal Haig today.
The British also improved their posi
tions in Flanders and north of Lens.
"Our troops made progress yester
day in the direction of he Verguin,
northwest of St. Quentin,". the state
ment said.
"We improved our positions slightly
yesterday and during the night north
west of Hulloeh (between LaBassee
nnd Lens) and northeast of Native
I'lHtpelle (north of Labassee,) "
Tiding Eest Today "
have arrived baek of the western front
to assist the Germans.
French Deputy Killed
fans, isept. 17. Deputy Antoine
lreubat was killed during the Sunday
night airplane raid over Paris, it was
announced today.
Pne Gotha plane was shot down out
side of Paris and three aviators were
killed.
Best Picked Troops
Washington, Sept. 17. Pershing's
men defeated carefully selected troops
ft Austrian army in tne St. JHiniel
operations, according to a Vienna ad
mission in a diplomatic dispatch today.
The German version
Berlin, via London, Sept. 17. Suc
cessful local attackg against American
positions on the west portion of the
Mouse-Moselle front, together with re
pulse of American attacks on the cen-
tor and eastern portion of the front,
was announced by the German war of-
nce today.
"In the Cotes Lorraine, near St.
Hilaire (three miles east of Fresnes)
and west of Jonville (three miles cast
of St- Hilaire) we conducted success
ful enterprises," the statement said.
"Partial attacks by the enemy
against Haumont (midway between
Fresne-s and Pont-a-Mousson) and north
east of Thiaucourt (eight miles west
... i . , . .nu wi i wura-J'iuuMUJ I were IC-
Washington bept. 1,. Aside from1 pulsed. Artillery fiehtin was limited
to destructive fire.
"At Laffcui (four miles south of
Anizy-le-Chateau) renewed enemy at
tacks failed in the afternoon, but in
the evening the "enemy advanced his
lines. To the southward the enemy was
repulsed at Vailly (which the French
announced as captured yesterdav.)
' ! .. . 1, . 'I 1 .1 i
j iw mi' viiaiufBut; mi viiemj mrust
local combats in which we took prison
ers and further increase of artillery
and aviation activity, there is nothing
to report from the St. Mihiel sector,
General Pershing cabled the war de
partment today.
Took All Its Artillery
uonuon, aepi. i. Herman prisoners
report that the Americans captured all
the artillery of the German Twenty
First dvision, according to a dispatch
Si im th? American front todav.
Bulgaiians to Help
Amsterdam. Sept. 17 According to
south of Eipont last night was repuls-
"Between the Ailette and the Aisne
vigorous enemy attacks against the
fringe of the height east of Vauxaillon
recaptured the road leadinz from Laf-
faux. To the eastward the enemv wasi
New York, Sept. 17. Admitting that
he killed his wife, but declaring that
he had no recollection of the deed, ac
cording to the police, Charles E. Ciia-
pin, city editor of the New York Ev
ening World, walked into the West
68th" street station here early today and
gave himself up. He declared that all
memory or his crime had passed from
him until he purchased a morning pa
per and read that the police were search
f tor him.
tt was hardly dawn today when he
appeared ot the police station.
"I killed my wife yesterday mornine
in tne uumoerlaud hotel," he said, the
police declare.
The full story of the crime and of
the subsequent wanderings of the man
who has 'been declared to have ono ot
the keenest brains in tlie newspaper
business did not come out, but Chapin
said he had tried to take his own life.
Bits of the tragedy were pieced from
statements made as Chapin talked with
a station patrolman after tho captain
and detectives had finished questioning
him. He held his head down while he
was being "booked" at the station
until he was asked his business. Then
his head snapped up and he answered
proudly:
"Editor."
He declared he didn't want to see
anyone, particularly he drew the lino
against newspapermen.
Then he went to the captain's office
where he sat with his head in his
hands at times; at other times pacing
By Fred S .Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent.)
With the Americans on tho Metz
Front, Sept. 17. "Get to Vigneulles'
by daylight."
Thi3 ordor, from the major general of
an already famous American division
to one of his brigadiers, forais the bas
is for one of the most dramatic end
thrilling stories of American nartici-
pation in the war. It is the story of
the stop toward -wiping out the St.
Mihiel salient.
Acting under the order, the men, led
by an infantry colonel and a signal
corpg colonel, personally representing
the general,' marched1 and fought thru
Bois-doLaMontagne all night long in
pitchy darkness and an intermittent
pouring of rain. '
The two colonels, Captain Oberlan
and a chauffeur reached Vigneulles at
2:30 Friday morning. They surprised
tho Germans so completely that quar
tet alone captured a number f pris
oners. Entering a houseUhcv found an
entire machine gun crew siepping. They
awoke- tha hoches and informed them
they were prisoners.
Then followed a remarkable march to
victory. The little cure le cleric of the
(Continued on page two)
inn
HUM IIOI
HAS LANDED AT FUSAN
village of Rupt-en-Voevre celebrated'
by ringing the church belis for the first
time in four years.
Church Bells King
When the Germans seized the cillago
shortly after the beginning of the war
they carried otf three hostages, whom
they later murdered. Since then the vil
luge had lived in sorrow. But on Fri-
lay, with tears streaming down his
face, tho euro asked tho American ma
jor general if he might nog the Dell.
Permission was grant!, Ho pulled the
boll rope until he wan nearly exhausted.
I spsnt Sunday with the division
which made what will be famous as tho
"march to Vignoulles. " Then yester
day I went over the roads, -through
massed and tangled wire and over deep
trenches, where they had advanced. .
Tho greatest expanse of front on
which the Americans attacked wg the
southeastern side of the salient. This
is the story of tho advance on the west
side told for the first time.
On the night prior to the attack
the Americans spent hours in the rain
cutting masses of wire, through which
to advance. The barrage started. It
was terrifically and blightingly de
structive. Then the "jiunp-off. "
It rained most of the day. Stiff re
sistance was encountered in the woods
but before evening the objectives were
reached on a Una standing northeast of
Dompierre.
General Pershing, who was directing
operations, ordered the division to
reach Vigneulles. The major general
transmitted the order to his brigadier.
The latter promptly assured him he
would be there. The mon of the regi
ment assigned to tho task ato their
supper standing by the roadside in the
rain. Then they pushed on through more
than six kuomejers (nearly four nules)
of tangled woods. Tno resistance was
s'ight at first, due to the surprise and
audacity of such a movement.
Took breakfast with Boches
The two colonels, the captain and the
chautteur made good program down e
trench road. As they approached Vig
neulles a burning house lighted up a
boche supply train close by. The quar
tet captured it. Tho main body of the
regiment bc?an arriving shortly after
ward and mopped up some more. The
entire outfit "breakfasted on the
boche."
Supplies were dragged from the boche
wagons; boche cooks prepared break
fast and boche bread and coffee and
jam. were served by boehe waiters.
As evidence of the completeness of
the clean-up, tho trophies included mo
tor trucks, one gun caisson, a train of
24 light machine guns, store room com
missaries, including barley, wheat, hay,
boer and distilled water, a thousand
packages of unopened mail, a ton of
dried fish, a movie machine, several
hundred rifles, 17 horses and two Mer
cedes automobiles (with officers en
closed.) . .
A German major, not knowing the
location of the American lines, drove
into the doughboys' hands. Another of
ficer stopped while fleeing when he
was fired on. Both autoniobils are now
in American service.
When Vigneulles was taken the top
of the salient was closed. The happiest
Americans in Franco Were those hold
ing the town. They knew another di
vision was also headed toward that
point and that the juncture there
would mean all the remaining bodies
would be pocketed.
Boche Supplies Everywhere
Pushing out fror.i Vigneulles, two ob
servers .took 39 prisoners, Another Am
erican brought in twelve. Ho was
slightly n(bundod on the way in and
the prisoners carried him the rest of
AUTSR1A IS TOLD
AMERICASTANDS
PAT Or. HER TERf IS
These Austria Knows And Its
Up To Her To Accept Or
Reject Them.
HE PREVIOUS TRICKERY
DISCREDITS HER OFFER
Will Send 4,030,000 More
Men To France To En
force Our Demands
r
,
WILSON'S ANSWER TO
AUSTRIA.
"The government of the United
States foels that thero is only
ono reply which it can make to
tho suggestion of the imperial
Austro - Hungarian government.
It has repeatvdly and with en
tire candor stated tho terms
upon which the United States
would consider poace and can
and will entertain no proposal
for a conference upon a matter
concerning which it has made
its position and purpose so
plain."
TEUTON PEOPLES "
GROW Df PSERATE
AS HOPE VANISHES
German Leaders' Openly Hist
At Danger lo liie Dy
nasty Itself.
DREAMS OF CONQUEST ;
HAVE HARSH AWAKENING
War Lords Realize Desecrate
Resjf dius M'ist Be Used, :
Bat What? ' :
(Continued on pagg two)
PEOPLE OF ST. MIHIEL
REJOICE O VER DELI VER Y
PRESIDENT SPIKES GUNS.
Keep Prisoners Four Years
Willi Many Brutal Re
junctions
Bolsheviki Tell Neutrals To
Keep Hadns Off; 826
Executed.
Tokio, Sept. 17. The first detach
ment of the third division of Japanese
troops en route to Manchuli has landed
at Fu-san, the war office announced to
dav.
Fu-san is a Korean port directly ac
ross Korea straight from Japan. Man
chuli, where thw Japanese troops have
already arrived, is 0n the Chinese east
eru railway at the Siberian border.
"None of Your Blsiness."
Copenhagen, Sept. 17. M. Tchitch-
enn, bolshevik foreign minister, has
sv-nt the following note to neutral dip
lomats in reply jo fheif protest against
the soviet government's treatment of
foreign and political prisoners.
'1 sharply reject every intervention
from neutral capitalistic powers favor
ing the Kussian Bourgeoitw. I consider
every attempt by neutral representa
tives to exceed the limit of lawful pro
tection of their countrymen's interests
as an attempt to support the countvr
revolution."
the Echo Beige, Bulgarian regiments pressed back slightly.
826 Men Are Murdered.
Copenhagen, Sept. 17. Within the
last few days 826 persons hav,, been
executed in Petrograd and 400 others
arw awaiting trial, according to dis
patches received here.
Te nthonsand officers are said to be
imprisoned in the Kussian capital.
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
St. Mihiel, Franre, Sept. 17. The
Strains of the Marseillaise again reign
in tho streets of St. Mihiel louder to
day than ever before.
Children who had been kept prison
ers indoors for four yeats by brutal
German ordVrs, ran up and down the
streets Routing and waving" tri colors
wildly enjoying their first freedom in
the sunshine since September 1914.
More than tkirty little ones were
piled by a captain into a staff car and
toured the city, singing thw Marseille
at the top of their lungs. Lveryone of
the youngsters had been too young to
talk when the Germans captured St.
Mihiel and had been forbidden for four
veai's to sing, yet they kiruw the words
of every vew and were ready for th
day of ilelivercnce. ,
St. Mihiel is not greatly damaged
although a number of buildings wer
battered by German grenades, which
were thrown without any pretext.
Thp streets are now decked with flagr-
and full of people, thrilled by their sud
den liberty.
I saw one tot strutting near her for
mer home, which is now a mass of bro
ken stonvf.
An American passed. The Youngster
aked her mother 'What's that manf"
The woman replied: "An American sol
dier." The little girl, Bhouting "vive
1'Amerique." ran and clung to the
doughboy, embracing him.
Mayor Jean Malard, representing
2.500- svirvivor9 in Bt. Mihiel, told mo
that the Germans had vandalized ev
erything in the town, and had forbid
den the inhabitants to leave their hous
es except by special permit.
Malard 'n i.vcretary showed me a
lease on life, which the Germans is
suod like a pasiport. When they- left
the Germans took away all m" be
tween 16 and 45, locking otherg in the
church. They told tt. a they would j
shoot, any one who came out before j S. A. T. C.
Thursday noon. The Americans arriv
ed and rescued them beforo the time
set by the boches on their incarcera
tion had expired.
I visited a captured German count,
who rose op in his tiny room and ttoocl
at dignified attention. Although I
could not express my pleosure at seeing
the count there since the army per
mitted no conversation I learned that
he held positions of considerable im
portanc-e before the war. Ho is now
or was a major of a battalion, ne i
tall, slender, handsome and showed con
siderabk spunk.
Although the count showed no woiy
at being captured, ho is new greatly
depressed becaus0 he is not allowed au
orderly. '
The American officials rule that he
must shir9 ,is own shoes, and clean his
own clothes, just to learn a few demo
erotic ideas, as the guard expressed it.
Ilia count is still hopeful of a Ger
man victory but expnsssed admiration
for the American troops.
'I havu bewn much impressed with
the bearing of the American troops,
he said. "They conduct themselves
like veterans. r
The count admitted tho American at
tack was a surprise, coming at the
time it did, although he and other
capturel officers say they told the Ger
man commanders that a largc attack
was imminent astride tho St. Mihiel
salient. But the German commanders
scoffed at the idea of "au America!)
attack."
0. A. C. Opening Date
Changed to October J
; '
C'orvallis, Or., Sept. 17. The opening
of the Oregon Agricultural college has
been changed from September 23 to
September 30. The member, 8. A. T. A.
will not bo inducted into service until
October 1, and now it will not be nec
ce&sary for them to pay their own ex
penses at college for a week. It is plan
nvd to open the institution with a" ttr"
rangementg complete. Applications for!
enrollment are being received at the
ruto of more than 100 a day, the total
number received King 1300 most ofjverial approve!," said
wuoin nave, appaeu lor entrance in the prompt and ctn t rafusn.
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Sept. 17. Germany 's
latest poace offensive has been smoth
ered. That was how official Washing
ton today generally regarded President
Wilson's summary refusal to joiu au
Austria's ".get together'' peac6 coun
cil. The speed ond brevity of the answer
are regarded hero as calculated to delay
tli0 Teuton manenvrlng considerably. It
iy assumed that Germany, .or hor tool,
Austria, will make furthor
peace efforts later.
.President Wilson s reply saying
flatly that our terms are well known
and hence that no conference can tro
held is the shortest document this gov
eminent has issued in diplomatic cones,
pondonco. It Wa3 mado public only
ha f-hour after the omcial Austrian
Droffer had bcon presented to secre
tary of State Lansing. This is a rec
ord for both brevity and speed.
Tho purpose belaud tho course was to
set nn example for all the other allies
to still any pacifist comment in this
country and to show Germany that this
country is nowise "bluffing" about its
determination to go through until its
terms are acceptable. It meant, in plaiu
language, that if Austria wanted to ac
cept terms, notubly those of last Janu
ary, she had a chance any timo, but
thut she could not get a secret council
and sh0 could not placo tiro burden of
responsibility for continued war upon
tho allios.
The effect within Germany and Aus
tria is likely t0 bo thw reverse of whut
the Teutons hoped. They apparcntly
plauned to use a rejection to bolster up
their armies' waning morale on the pica
that this wur Is a war of self defense,
with th opponent bent on tho destruc
tion of Germany.
Wilson, however, robbed tho central
powers of this plea, for he said that he
had spoken candidly in the past and
that his tonus then aro hi, terms now.
These terms would restore Belgium,
rob Germany of her stolen gains in Kus
sia, right the wrong done in Alcasc-Lor-raie,
eivc small nations thw right of
self-determination, avoid punitive in
dcmiiitcis or annexation establish I
world peace league and free the uni
verse of (K'trimental influences that
coula hereafter disrupt world peace
America proposes to fight on. And
having .abandoned all hopo of a ne
gotiated peace, she will throw 4,000,0011
men into the strugglo next year to ga'u
a military victory from which sby and
her allies can dictate the Wilson terms,
By William Philip Simms
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Paris, Sept. 17. Many deen think
ers gee in Austria's peace move one of
the cleverest bunco games the central
empires have yet conspired together
to spring on the allies. They believe the
whole thing amounts to littlo more
than a conceited move fcy Emperors
Wilhelm and Charles to save thoir
thrones by throwing the blame for con
tinuation of the war on the allies and
leading the dispirited Teutonic troopg
io ueueve tney must keep on the fight,
however sick of the war, in order to
"defend their homes from invasion by
Jealous and covetous enemies."- -
They hope the allies will see the trap ,
before they plant their foot in it, as
they have done more than once before.
.Germany and Austria are hcartify
sick of tho war. Thoir leaders realise
that if they are to get past tho winter
without dire trouble something desper
ate must be done immediately. Goner-
al Von Ludcndorff, In a secret order
declares the troops already are talking
of a revolution aftoj" the war, "and
moans of accumulating ammunition for
sard use.
German statesmen openly hint at
danger to-the dynasty itself. The pub
lic is already murmuring because it
was deceived by promises of world dom- ,
ination, if it would only back up the
military narty for "final offens
ive," whiifh, when loosed in March, re
sulted ultimately in the biggest disas
ter yet visited on Germany.
Evidenco points toward all Gormany
insincere; and Austria rising to their foet and
crying to the kaiser:. "Look what your
dreams of conquest brought to usl"
Tho interior situation in Germany
and Austria is extremely critical- A
peace move is most imperative, Not
that it will bring peace, They hope the
allies will indulge in fire-brandish talk
of wiping the central empires off the
face of tho map beforo talking peace
this to be plastered nation wide, 'with
the notice:
"You see we want pcaco, but the al
lies scorn our offers; nothing remains
for us but to fight, unless you want
the allies to trample you undor foot."
WANTED: CLOTHING
Washington, Sept. 17. Wanted: Five
thousand tons of clothing for destitute
people in occupied Belgium and France.
At the call of Herbert Hoover, the
American Red Cross next Monday will
start combing tho United States for
theso garments.
Only substantial garments aro need
edno ballroom gowns and slippers
for the 10,000,000 people who will wear
them hardtind long.
but wl, fur it will, I believe, put an
end to loose and feeble talk about these
Austro-Iiitiigarian offerB a kind of
tulk which is not only debilitating and
confusing but distinctly helpful to
Germany."
LODGE INDORSES PLAN.
By L. G. Martin.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Sept. 17. President
Wilson's "prompt and curt refusal of
Austro-Hungarian peace bait" will go
far towards making the German people
understand "that American people
mean to have compVcto victory," de
clared Senator Lodge, senate republi
can leader, and ranking republican
member of the senate foreign relations
committee, today in a.sptvch on Aus
trian' note to the allies, suggesting
"unbinding" discussions."
"Tho president's reply to this stupid
ote will meet, as I am sure, with uni-
Loilge. "His
of the Austro-1
ABE MARTIN
Hungarian offer was not only right, be?"
Who remerbcrs when we used t' put
a cabbage leaf in our hats in hot wca
thvr? Th' question you hear most the;vs
duys is, "Where kin that girl's mothc