Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, September 03, 1918, Image 1

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    A,
4,6003UBSCRIBERS
(23,003 HEADERS) DAILY
Only Circulation in Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
Circulationi
FULL LEASED WIRE
DISPATCHES
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
ffi oft
Oregon: Tonight
and Wednesday
fair, warmrr east
portion tonight;
gentle northwest
erly winds.
, i ' b 'i
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 209.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NW8
STANDS FIVE CENTS
1 fjT " - rf-
I III IIII 7' til I II It i! ti tl II C
WL f H M If
000
By BritishWhen Queant Fell
Grittt
Hindenburg Line Cut In Two
For 7 Miles; Breach Widens
French Biting In Toward Laon
Britishers Drive Ahead in Flanders and Gain One Mile At
South End Of Armentieres Front French and Americans
Approach Chemin Des Dames And Put Important Rail
. Road City of Laon In Jeopardy. Foch Seems ' Able To
Break Through German Lins At Will.
With The British Armies in France, Sept. 3. The
break in the Hindenburg line above Queant now exceeds
seven miles, extending beyond Etaing to the north.
Fighting all along the Drocourt-Queant line contin
ued favorable to the British today, according to all re
ports received at headquarters. '
The British are progressing southeast of Cagnicourt.
They are astride the railway west of Queant and east of
Riencourt. The enemy is offering mediocre resistance
west and north of Queant.
Ten thousand Germans were taken prisoner during
yesterday's fighting. ,v
Near Queant it is reported that the British are mov
ing their guns eastward.
The next line of German resistance will probably be
behind the Canal Du Nord, before which the enemy has
laid out a network of wires, although there are few
trenches. -
A significant sign of the weakened German defense
is the shattered condition of some of the enemy units who
were compelled to continue fighting. One prisoner from
the Second Guards reserves said this whole division had
been reduced to a thousand men. His own battalion, he
said, had been reduced to one officer and thirty five men.
BITE IN AT LAON
By John De Oandt
fruited Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris. Sept. 3. (4 p. m.) The French
are biting into the western edge of the
Chemin-des-Dames, having reached Laf
faux hill (six and a half miles northeast
of Soissons.)
The Germans are energetically defend
1'iof their positions toward Laon. The
German rear guard counter attacked
TELEPHONE SER VICEIS
KEPT IN TOUCH WITH
FRONT WITHOUT BREAK
French And Americans Alike
in Honors For Gallant
Service
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent )
With the Americans in France, Sept.
3k American artillery is ripping up the
fields, Kiads, trenches and woods along
the enemy line?, in conjunction with
the French who are attacking northeast
of Soissons.
The intermittent rains Teased late
yesterday and the roads in this region
are dry and heavy with dust. Emerg
ing from vast clouds of dust, long col
umns of French caissons were visible
today, hurrying forward. The six hors
es attached to each caisson went for
ward at a gallop, their riders cracking
their whips over their heads and lash
ing their animals to greater effort.
ivories of individual incidents of
Saturday's fightinj today'bronght ad
. litional honors to French and Ameri
cans alike. French divisions on to
right and left of the crack American
units which participated in the fight
iug did brilliant work but during the
entire attack tho Americans led ia the
on? small French tank was
put out of commission its crew of two
iue:i leapej out of the machine seized
Prisoners Capture
Coal Center Lens Falls
I five times north of the Aisne without
success.
Advance Still Further
London, Sept. 3. (4:30 p. m.) A
further advance by the British in Flan
ders was registered today when it was
learned authoritatively that Eiclie-bourg-St.
Vaast, two miles west of
Neuve-C'happelle had been occupied.
(Continued on page six)
rifles and continued to fight alongside
the American infantry.
At another point Gorman machine
gun nests temporarily held up a cer
tain American detachment under com
mand of Lieutenant C. O. Harris. Har
ris crept up alone and single handed
captumd the nest. He has been recom
mended for gallantry in action.
North of Tenry-Srony, an American
brigadier general went forward in thc
open, although constantly exposed to
terrific machine gun fire in order to
make personal observations of a ma
chine gun nest preparatory to ordering
artillery fire. At another place, Major
Duzenberry joined the men of his bat
talion in the front line when communi
cation was interrupted and personally
directed them.
The Americans who participated in
Saturday's fight give the highest
praise to the cavalry. Despite the fact
that the battlefield was covered with
old trenches anil strewn everywhere
with wire, the cavalrymen rendered in
valuable service, patrolling the country
in the wake of the retreating enemy
and maintaining constant contact.
One of the remarkable features of
the battle is the fact that the telephone
service from the front line was scarce
ly interrupted at any stage of the
fight. Siinal corps advanced under
havy artillery and machine gun fire
(Continued on page three)
Russia And Siberia
Each Come In
As Possible War Front
London. Sept. 3. Capture by the al
lies in the Archangel region of enemy
positions north of Obozerskaya was an
nounced in a communique regarding
these positions issued by the war office
today.
Russian troops participated in the
attack. The positions were consolidat
ed and a counter attack was repulsed
with heavy enemy losses. 1
''We are pushing on towards Obozer
skaya," the statement said.
Get Busy la Balkans.
Salonika, Sept. 3. Increased activity
on the Balkan front was announoed in
a communique by General Sarrail yes
terday. The capture of a whole eiieiriy
salient is included in the report. The
text follows:
. ''North of Alkakmah we captured a
salient of enemy positions. A hostile
airplane was shot down near Serita."
Bolsheviki Beaten.
Pokin, Sept. 3. Bolsheviki troops
have aguiit been defeated by the allies
advancing in Siberia. General Semen
pff today announced the capture of
Oloviana ifrom the . bolsheviki by
turning movement, taking prisoner and
four machine guns-
Spokane Press Burned
At Early Hour Today
S pokan, Wash., Spt. 3.-Pie prac
tically dvtioye dthe office of the
Sokane Press earl ytoday. (Starting in
the basement, it damaged the press and
burned through to the business and
editorial departments above. These of
fices ware gutted. The composing room
was badly damaged by fire and water.
Temporary offices were established
next door. One edition was printed in
the plant of the Chronicle. Regular is
sues will be resumed tomorrow.
The flames mounted to the Empire
hotel and many guests fled down lad
ders in night attire.
The cans of the fire has not been
established.
FIELD MARSHAL HAiC
DIFFICULT PROBLEM
Starts Circling Movement
That Will Make Germans
Hustle to Save Line.
By J. W. T, Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, fiept. 3. Von Hinden
burg 's back to Belgium movement has
been stimulated into fresh activity by
Field Mjirshal Haig's victory in thc
Queant sector. The Germans have been
compelled tP evacuate Queant to es
cape being pocketed as the result of
the British progress along the Arras
Cambrai road- At the same time they
have evacuated Lens because the
smashing blows of the British in the
Queant area are making untenable the
whole of the Wotan section of the Hin
denburg line.
Von Hindenburg must now readjust
his line with great rapidity or face the
possibility of a disastrous separation
of his northern Flanders army from
tho rest of his front.
A circling movement is now being
developed by Field Marshal Haig
against Cambrai. If Von Hindenburg
delays his retirement from Cambrai
much longer, while this envelopment
continues, he will be unable to fall
back from Cambrai upon Valenciennes,
near the Belgian border. Valenciennes
(Continued on page two)
CZECHOSLOVAKS
RECOGNIZED AS A
DE FACTO NATION
United States Declares It Is
Prepared To Negotiate
With It
STATE OF WAR EXISTS
BETWEEN THEM AND HUNS
This Is Hard Blow To Austria
Is New Operating Gov
ernment. Washington, Sept. 3. Recognition of
the Czechoslovaks as a defueto belig-
erent government was expended by the
I mtod states today.
To further aid their war' against the
German and Austro-Hungarian empires,
Secretary of State Lansing formally
notified the Czeiiho-Slovak council,
thrrmg'i its head, Ih. Masaryk, that
the United States is irrcpared formally
to enter into relations with the de
facto regime
The purpose of recognition would be
prosecuting the war against the coui
nion enemy.
This important action of the guvevn
ment is expected to deal a vast blow
to bolshevism in Kussia and to solidify
the I'zechs fighting the Hun. ,
"The Czech o-Slovak people," said
Secretary Lansing's announcement, hav
ing taken up arms against the German
and Austro-Hungnrian.i; empires ami
having placed organized armies in the
field which are waging war against
those empires under officers of their
own nationality, and in accordance with
the, rules and practices of civilized
nations; and
"The Czechoslovaks having in pros
ecution of their Independent purposes
in the present war confided supreme
political authority to the Czechoslovak
national council:
"The government of the United
Stiitcs recognizes that a state of bel
ligerency exists between the Czccho
Sli vaks thus organized, ami the Ger
man and Austro-Hungarian empires "
It also recognizes the Czecho slovak
national council as a de facto bcllig-
l Continued on page three)
REGISTRANTS MUST
HAVE CARDS IN HANDS
OF B0ARDBYSEPT12
Crowder Issues Another Word
Of Information For "All
Registrants
Washington, Sept. 3. "The obllga
tion rests on you and on you alone to
se that your registration curd, proper
ly made out, is in the hands of your
local board on on or bcfo.v registration
day."
This warning was today issued by
Provost General Crowder to men who
expect to be absent from the jurisdic
tion of the local board on Keptemlicr 12,
the day set for registration for thc
draft, under the new manpower law.
A supply of registration blanks is on
hand at every local board for the con
venience of those who mav be away on
j registration day. If the addivss of the
local board is not known, the card may
be addressed to the mayor, in case your
home is in a city of 30,000 population
or more; to the clerk of the county, par
ish or similar unit if your home is in a
town of under 30,000 population, or to
the clerk of county to which your coun
ty p"rtains for judicial purposes, in case
it has no administration organization.
The persons receiving the card will for
ward them to the proper local boards.
A self addressed and stamped envelope
Continued on page two)
GERMAN PRISONERS ARE
UTTERLY DISHEARTENED AND
WANT 'PEACE ON ANY TERMS'
Admit They Are Beaten.
Yet Some Heavy fighting
Must Be Done.
By Lowen Mellett.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With T1,e British Armies In France,
Sept. 2. (Night.) Thousands of Ger
man prisoners swarming down the roads
like sheep aud crowding each other into
tlo ditches along the sides this after
noon told the story of Hindenburg 'g ef'
fort to hold the famous line below the
Scarpe against thc driving attack of the
British.
Thc German, running before the first
British assault likvf raw recruits and re
forming later only when masses of thoir
own men came up in support, Germans
streaming with fear as the British reach
ed their first lines; Germans leaping out
of their dugouts and throwing up thvir
hands in surrender with the first ap
pearance of the Canadians, were scenes
witnessed early in the British attack.
Along the road paralleling tire Scarpe,
a party of correspondents at noon met
such masses of disheartened captives as
have seldom been seen since tiro be
ginning of the great war.
When questioned, prisoners frankly
expressed their bvlicf that Germany is
beaten.
"The war is over," said one.
"You mean that we win?" lie was
asked.
"Yes," he replied, "but wv don't
cae wo want peace."
Another askcd if the British people
BRITISH STEADILY INCREASE
DEPTH OF THE POCKET
IN WHICH LIES QUEANT
Second Army Aided By Amer
icans Forces Germans to
Burn Material.
By William Phillip Simms.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Sept. 3. The German retreat
continues both in Flanders and between
Arras and Soissons.
Armcnteriea is directly threatened by
General Plummor's second army, aided
by Amvricans, who are hot on the hoels
oil General von Arnim's Fourth German
army and General von Quast's sixth ar
my. These are gradually yielding the
ground won at a tremendous sacrifice
in Hindenburg 's April offensive.
South of the ScarjA?, the British are
driving on hourly, increasing the depth
of the perilous pocket at till bottom of
which lies Queant, oo of the main cor
ner stones of the Hindenburg dcfvnse.
Cambraj lies only ten miles cast.
With Queant gone, Ludeudorff will
have a hard job to prevent disaster
throughout this region. Thv fall of Hein
court anil Hie capture of the German po
$8,000,000,000 BILL
WH0WH.LPAY1TAND
Four Essentia! Changes Made
From Present Law. What
MustJePaid.
Washington, Sept. 3. Th0 first mile
stone in completion of the 8,000,000,001i
revenue bill was passed today when the
ways and menus committer handed
down a complete diaft oi I!ie measure
as it will be reported to tho house.
The new bill differs from the present
law in four essential points:
1 The income taxp rovisiong which
proved a puzzle to many tax payers
last year have been codified and inadv
niore simple.
2 A number of new administrative,
provisions including one for a tax ad
visory board and another making install
ment of taxes' compulsory have been
put in.
3 Tlv excess profits tax and an
eighty per cent war profits tax have
been put into the new bill on an alter
native basis.
' 4 A new luxury schedule, including
commonly recognized luxuries as well as
a long list of Hvmiluxurics, which are
taxed on the price over a certain figure
ore a part of the new measure.
I A great majority of tho new rates
have already U?n made public by the
J (Contiuued on pajjo. six)
are hungry and when told that they are
not, replied:
"That is America's work."
Regarding the work of the German
submarines, he answered:
"Unterseeboqtes caput," meaning the
submarines are donw for.
This does not mean that today bat
tle was simply a triumphant parade. On
the contrary some of the hardest fight
in mouths occurred before the import
ant stretch of the Hindenburg liu in
this vicinity was crossed.
The Germans threw in great masses of
reserves in somo parts of their lines.
Thvse masses included worn out di
visions who had fought so hard at Ba
paume and Bullecourt.
Great enemy masses are still coming
up and a great battle must yet be
fought, but none here doubt the utli.
ma result.
Th Brizish sueefjaea in ovcreoruinr
deep enemy wire barriers was din? to thi
use of instantaneous fuse shells, and
tanks despite the fact that the tanks
weiv subjected to a very heavy boin
baHment by anti-tank guns.
Thc Canadians went forward along
their entire front barely hesitating ex
cept at Buissy switch. There, as well
as in the vicitity of Dury hill, a sunken
road had been filled with German ma
chine guns. These positions held out
until Canadian leinforcements arrived
when the enemy was swept out.
In the town of Dury. a German major
and his staff weiv captured', while sev
eral battalion commanders were taken
I in tlie same region.
sitions on the high- ground south of
that village has brought the British up
against Queant which they completely
dominate at c'0He mine- Both here aed
northward as fur as tin Scarpe, thc
British are fighting over country which
was not even reached during the Arr; s
drive in 1917. They are threatening to
roll wp the Hindenburg lines, which
they have owrriii" to a depth of two lo
three miles.
Further south between Peronno and
St. Quentin and in the direction of Nov
on, flumes redden thw sky by night and
great columns of smoke a.ro visible liy
day, inprking the Germans work of de
struction iu their continued retirement
The cuuiy is hunting as much stores
as tune will permit. Indications, nre that
ho hopes to get ull his store nut and
to fortify the country between Caiubrai
and LaKoro in the hope of preventing
its capture by the ellies.
Between Noyon and Soissons the Ger
mans arc fighting most stubbornly bti',
slowly and surely the French and Am
ericans aiv battering their way forward.
American troops are threatening the en-
(Continucd on page two)
TO
Russian Revolutionists Say
Campaign of Terrorism
Is AH Thats Left Them.
By Joseph Bhaplen
(Written for the United Press)
New York, Sept. 3. The attempted
assassination of Nicholas Lenine, presi
dent of the soviet of people's conunis
saries, is probably the result of the
recent decision taken by the fighting
brigade of the party of social revolu
tionists to open a campaign of terror
ism against the leaders of the Bolshe
viki and the representatives of Ger
many in Itunsia.
The first victim of this compaign
were Count Mirbaeh and Von Kich
horn. The third victim is Lenine him
self. '
The social revolutionists decided to
begin the assassination of Bolsheviki
officials after the exclusion of tho
other opposition from tho Soviets by
the Bolsheviki which took place last
i.wl n...,w..,wl l.tr (l..i fifth
congress of Soviets early in July.
! Iieprivcd of the right of free -speech
and free pre- and nil other legal
ineihods of fighting the Bolshevik, thc
social -revolutionists declared tney
(Continued on page three)
KAISER TO START
PEACE OFFENSIVE
ASWINMSWORK
Allies To Disregard This And
Clear France Of Huns:
This Year. . .
GERMANS NO LONGER '
SLOW IN WITHDRAWALS
Americans Want to Get Work
At St?ge That Next Spring
Will End It
By Carl D. Groat,
(United Press staff correspondent )
Washington, Sept. 3. The allies are
applying the pincers Bystem to the Gcr-,
mans on a wider front than is custom
ary with this operation.
Army men foresaw today that tho
upshot cf the present successful smash
of British, French, and Americans will
be to hammer the Hun out of the center
of the western line, push him on past
the old Hindenburg line and if. plans
carry, to sweep hiin out of northern
France before winter sets in. With the
Americans progressing past Juvignyit
is likely they will soon reach the Chcm-
in-des-Dames. . This will form one firm
jaw of tho pincers. On the northern
end of the battle line the British and
American fenerations iaro laying the
basis for another mighty jaw of the
pincers. ' In between tho German posi
tion grows more perilous constantly,
and it is only a question of a brief time
before he is shoved backward tc the old
Hindenburg defense -.."'
Thc importance of the operations at
the extreme northern end of the line
in the fact that they tend to make the
(Continued on page two)
German Propaganda 4
Would Try to Corrupt
American Soldiers
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With Thc American Troops In France
Sept. 3. Ainericun airmen have dropped
two tons of bombs on Cvrman military
objectives at Audun Le Human and Lon
guoyou, tho two squadrons of airmoi
returning safely, Throe ho8til0 mach
ines w(,re downed by American aviutois
in six combats. German bombrs at
tempting to raid American position
were repulsed.
Increased artillery activity is reported
in the Woevroand Vosgcs Lvctors. North
of Toul, an amblushed German patrol
was discovered and ejected with losses
The kaiser is apparently trying to
transfer his insidious propaganda into
tin American trenches, but to no avail.
Copies of "America in Europe" a pro.
pngnnda sheet printed by tho Germans
for the, "bonctit" of the American
were dropped over the American lines
by German aviators. The paper contain
ed tho usual ludicrous statements de
signed to prove Germany's innoc-inio
in th war and stupid ntucks on bn
British the material in general proved
amusing to the Yanks, particularly tins
efforts of the Germans to Use American
slang.
"
I ABE MARTIN ;
-
The's very fvw things as non esern
tian as a socalist at this time. ''If a
feller could jest bnve th' dyspepsia ti'A
th' war is over he might save sometiun j
out of his salary," said Lafc Bud, as "at
paid 1."j fcr a watermelon.
1
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