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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 17, 1918)
1. i I I
and Sunday fair;
HAVING Iffl CITY'S OUTSKIRTS
AFTER HAND TO HAND BATTLES
.- . ,"! ......
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEW3
STANDS FIVE CENTS
FU ID; BUS
Ward By Yard Gains Have Been Made' Which Place
fa Annies In Serious Position. Roye And Noyon
CemdeJ By Artillery of Allies. Marshal Haig Re
ports Continued Progress I Flanders Salient Daring Last
ll ' '
By John DeGandt'
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris. Aug. 17. The French are at the gates of Roye
They have occupied the advance defense of the town
southward of the Avre river. They 'have also occupied the
junction of the Montdidier-Estrees St. Denis roads.
SUIardhas been taken after the fiercest fich tine
:from house to house. The Germans had formidable de-
s at this place. . . ,
Beyond Loges woodthe p-u-mans were pushed back
behind the'Roye-Lassiffny t-oaid." "':' ' " ?" .. ' ...
umpue Ur, a miles west of Roye, has been captured
wtheMidian trench and Blessis De Roye, less than a
ale southwest of Lassienv. have been npmnied. A num.
ir of prisoners and a erprir. nn.'inr.itv nf mnforinl worp
tak The enemy is reported to be preparing for evac
uation of the Roye-Lassigny-Noyon . salient. German
are saia to be constructing another Hindenburg
ALLIES MAY STRIKE
High Military Officials Believe
Plan Would be Good
Washington, Aug. 17. Despite tlie
opinion of high military officials here
that thi' war must be won entirely on
jtho western front, others, including
'European military men anl diplomats,
lare still hopeful- today tliat America
and the allies will attuck the central
I power from other sides.
Auinonnceiiicnt recently by Assist
ant Secretary of the Navy Roosevelt
that in" re American troops would be
sent to Italy, gave hope to Siberian,
Greek anil Italian representatives that
the United States would hammer at
(iermauy's rear just as hard as along
the western front, t hief of Waff March
however, testified before the senate
military affairs committee that the
Mar must be won almost entirely on
the western front and intimated that
offensives in Kussia, the Balkans and
Palestine were impracticable.
Opitiiun as to the wisdom of these
policies is strongly divided here as it
has been iu England, Fiance and even
Gcrihany, where Hindenburg is the
Ucnwral March, supported by the
gene;ak,t&IT, has -announced that the
United .States will' adopt Napoleon 's
strategy of striking the enemy hardest
at his strongest point. President Wilson
is believed to have been won over to
this view for the time being.
RENGH CRUISER IS
THIRTEEN LIVES LOST
Another American Steamer
Sank August 15 Off At
Rumors Current In Finland
Germans Have Seized
AMERICAN TROOPS IN
EUROPE ARE 1,450,000
SA YS CHIEF OF STAFF
Paris, Aug. 12. The French cruiser
Dupctit Thouars has been torpedoed audi
sunk, thirteen persons pcitnhed. Am
erican destroyers rescued the siirwyois.
The Dupctit Thouiirs was completed
ill July litlO, and had a dipluceuient
of tons. Her normal complement
Wii 3-13 men. She wm 432 f et long
hail a beam of 6.'! jJ-3,fi't;l and her length
uver all was W3 feet.
Her armament eoiisistcil of two 7.i
guni, eight U.4 gnus, three or lour o.9
gnus, sixteen 3-pount! yg and two sub
merged torpedo tub.y. .She wa listed
as an armoied cruiser.
Sunk By Suhmariue.
Washington, Aug. 1 The captain vt
the American schooner Mndiugnh re
ported to thi) nary; department' today
that his vessel was shelled and sunk by
a I'-boat at 7:13 . m. August loth.
Eleven shots werp fired. After tlie
crew had abandoned the vessel, the sub
marine came alongside and fired two
more shots into the hull. When last sccu
the vessel was on- fire and siukiug.
The crew, consisting of 22 men and a
radio operator, were landed at an Atlan
tic port today by a Norwegian steamer
which picked them 'tip eleven miles
.outli of Wiotenjuartvr shoals light vessel.
MAY SEND ARMY
TO OPPOSE ALLIES
Central Empires Realize That
Power Of Bolsheviks Has
Washington, Aug. 17. Irkutsk hag
been captured by Czecho slovak forces,
assisted by Siberian troops, the state
department announced today. A gov
ernment favorable to the allies and in
favor of -war with Germany is being or
Kaniad. the reports received here da.
Paris. Aug. 17. Rumors are current
i in Finland that the Germans have seiz
ed Kronstadt, the Russian naval base
in the Gulf of Finland, accotding to a
dispatch, received from Stockholm.
General March Expects 3,300,000 Yankees Will Be In
France By Next JuneGives Military Information to Mem
bers of Senate Committe Today. Says Amrican Prison
ers In Germany Not Treated With Especial Severity.
Many High Officers Are Unable To Stand Strain of Severe
Premier Lenine and War Minister
Trotsky dicently removed the soviet
government from Moscow to Kronstadt
which Is less than 25 miles from Petro-grad'.
( 'uristiania, Aug. 17. The Norwegian
government ho protested to Germanv,
against the torj cilouig and sinking of Amsterdam, Aug. 17. Soviet forces
large government cargo steamer Sonirr- have surrounded Kazan, held by the
start a few days ago. Ten members of tht Czechct Slovaks, and are bombarding it,
By Wehb Miller
til, AllI, 17. Aln.nut 1...
'H French atii British arc 'pressing
! fir way ffwm f;.. i ,..,,
wwans' IVardv li i....
',1k'wn)''( Lid ,', ,.,.,(, ,; i
Mil ww iire.-ariiius.
" the extreme m,ti,
i, . , ..niii cur er oi
Settle f?t, ,h Fri,,.
k, I" ""l''itur,t Lassignv
"lv ove- thh wV ""w !"lshi"-'
; , . "M.ffu.iilt count,,- Sl,u'h
tUbrrr1 """'Kny d Rove.
.U81g,,v nill, N .(ui
' ' T If
crew are' reported missing.
dispatch from Moscow
Tlie Somerstad, a steel steamer of 3,-, Another soviet army, advancing to-
S73 tons, was sunk 2.) miles southeast ,war Onega, -where a niiw alUed expe
ct I'ire Islaiid vn the morning of Aug- dltion has landed In northern Russia,
ust J2. - According V- the United 8ta- nas occupied KiflUowka
tc government rei.oii.of all her crew On the "southern front" (probably
of thirtv were saved. ' Qiptaiu u,orB0 the Don region, where the Cossacks are
Hansen declared the iori which sunk 'T" n northward), there is violent
til.. Ktonmnr nr,-rfl .1... aliin tiefnrn el cilr.
"if. givinff rise to the belief that Oer
8erbiah and Italian representatives '',u,'v ,, i. "uvc,
here- believed that Oermanv could be ,"o"" mrpeno.
more quickly and completely defeated
by a blow in the Balkans, which would
detach llulgtiria and Turkey from the
many hay have perfected a wireless
Kazan Is a city of about 175,000 pop
ulation on the left bank f tlw Volga
100 miles north of Simbirsk and 450
miles east of Moscow.
Sunk Off Hatteras. -
Washington, Aug. 12. The -British! Washington. Aiy. 17. German in
steamer Mirlo. 6.700 tons, was iStuik off tention to break with the bolsheviki
Austria under heavy pressure would Cane Hatteras, uroliablv bv n torpedo. 'and throw an army into Russia to
Twelve Hundred People Vol
unteer To Guard Presi
Ma-nolia, Mass., Aug. 17. Twelve
hundred persons arc hunting German
spies We today in an effort to help
fifteen United States secret service
men guard President Wilson. The size
i me spy catching force corresponds
exactly with the vill
hi 0 residents and 001) summer visitors.
i ue spy catchers are self appointed de
tectives. The biir hunt
j.- " av in raiv i
time when it became generally known
.smeH vviison has been resting here
" t have suspected that man with the
upturned mustache and the foreign ac
cent for severnl ilov. '
, . nam inv (null
at the breakfast table.. Ho had lived
e i 'in t years in Berlin.
"Yesterday he spoke about the pres
ident being here and tried to get me
to talk about him. You mark niv words
that man is a spy looking for informa
tion." The man frm Buffalo who had been
telling how breakfast food is manufac
"There might bo something in it,"
and passed it along to the man sitting
next to him, who told his wife. She
told it to -a friend on the veranda,
while tho two were knitting socks for
the soldiers. So the story was whisper
ed about the village through the sum
mer cottages and in the hotel lobbv.
h i... ...i. . i i . .
I'-.civoouy Knew the man with the up
turned mustache and the foreign ae
I cent was being watched ami every
body watched him. Then everybody
i took to watching everybody else". The
j college professor from Cleveland and
i the broker from Syracuse trailed all
the way from the railroad station -a
Inimi ... n. i i. . ....
...hi uiacH son glasses and wlnsk-
' wlo arrived on the noon train.
Their suspicions were conceded to bo
groundless, however. wli..n tl, klo,.k
spectacled one erected a stand to sell
"mcrienn tings and buttons on the
A short man with black hair and eyes
(Continued on page two)
soon crumble, it is believed, leaving
Germany with exposed flanks.
Constitution of the eastern front in
Kussia would also be a part of this gen
crul plan, it is said.
Advocates of the eastern front strat
egy say that to fight Germany alone
on the western front is to ignore the
political aspirations of Germany in the
In this vust, undeveloped region with
its rich resources, Germany expects to
tet her claws. She would be willing to
give up all the western allies ask along
the KYench frontier, including Belgium
it ia believed, if she were sure she
yesterday afternoon, the navy dc part-, combat the allied forces in the east
nient announced today. iNine of the crew
hml not been lnwtcd at an early hour
The Miilo, it is believed, had a cargo
of gasoline. '
That a torpedo l'it the vessel has not
been definitely established.
'.Continued on page two)
GSEAT BATTLES ARE
That is Opinion of Military
Alimonies at National
was seen by entente diplomats in vari
ous developments on the-east rroni
reported here in official cables today.
Withdrawal of German Ambassador
von Mumm from Kiev, is declared to
indicate that the Germans intend to
depend upon their military forces in
the Ukraine to carry-out the elaborate
program of levies on the wheat crops
of southern Russia.
Next in importance is the arrival in
Moscow of the Bulgarian and Turkish
ministers to Russia. Peeling against
both of these diplomats is said to have
been bad on account of Bulgarian and
Turkish violations of Russian territor
ial integrity and reports were that sev
eral attempts on the lives of both men
were .frustrated by the bolsheviki.
' The German ambassador to Russia
and his staff at l'skoff arc reported
ti he nrotected bv heavy naval liuards
from German warships at Riga, only
50 miles away, and are reported prepar
ied.to flee to safety on the ships at the
least sign of an uprising.
, . , ,,,,, I The opinion here is that the Germans
Washington, Aug. 17. "Hie great ,.nu, tint the bolsheviki nower has
battles of the allies," will probably wane,i ad that the best conrsc is to
fought next summer. This was the nretnre for re-establishment of the
interpretation placed by authorities to- eastern battle lino as far -within Bus
day on General March's statement le- 8ian territory as is possible. Entente
fore the senate military committee that military experts are disposed to believe
the 2,300,000 men available under the that the Germans, when the allies dein-
, I new draft will be in France by June onstratc that they can re-organize Hus-
Washington, Aug. 17. German inlri-! 1010, ami with 4,000,000 Americans sia for the fight, will particularly pre
gue is making its last stand in the Am- then there, the allies can penetrate the pare to make a stand on a line from
ericas throng, the agency of the Mexi-j German lines ar will. Riga southward to Kharkov or inc.
can oil tax dispute-with' Great Britain Little expectation is held that the Dneiper river to tho Black sea.
.. i .i, T'..:...i u. ...... :.. .i... ..:..:.... 1 wo,. iii nmi thw venr. A 1. i irh nt'fi;ni! This line would be shorter than tne
of tho Latin-American diplomats here, in the government councils outlined the'old German-Russian battle front and it
Washington, Aug. 17. -fotul Amerit-
an troops in Europe and en route now
number 1,430,000, Chief of Staff Marc't
is quoted as having told members pi the!
senate lnilitary committee today. It isj
hoped to have o,3B0 ,000 in Eiiro,e byi
June of next year, committee members i
Speed with which American soldiers j
arc being sent to Europe is nsjain on tilt j
increase, due to improved falilities. Be-!
cause of the high speed attained earlier
in the. summer delays of transports for
repairs have recently been necessary.
March said that the 1,4."0,000 Ameri
cans' which have lefi this country to
fight included those in Fiance, Siberia:
Italy and Russia proper.
In the future, all figures of American
expeditionary forces will include tuosej
sent to all parts of the world, March i
Praieod by French.
High praise of American valor in ac
tion has been given by French comman
ders, March said.
The second artillery brigade, which is
a part of the second division which op
erated at Chateau-Thierry, leccived the
praise of the French. '
In the davs of severe fighting which
these troops experienced their qualities
o energy, ability and devotion wo.i
high rcsrect of their French comrades,
General March announced thas Adjut
ant General U. T. McCain, in recognition
of his effieent work on this would be
placed in command of the 12th divisioa
at Camp Devons, Mass.
He will be succeeded by Brigadier
General Peter Harris, who will be act
ing adjutant general. Harris has shown
great efficiency i'l handling the muster
rolls, March said.
Divisions are Located.
The Eightieth division is now it
training with the British in Flanders,
and the Eighty-second division is hold
ing a part of the line north of Toul.
The 320th field artillery has not yet
bien engaged in action. American troops
in Italy have not been put into the
fighting. . . .
Reports that the American prisoners
in Germany have been singled out for
bad t:eatment were denied by March
who said that after careful investigation
through Spanish representatives, Ameri
can prisoners had, been found to bo
treated tlie same as those of other al
. The men were inspected, unannounced,
by the Spanish, Marc'( said.
When congrcs,, reconvenes a number
of brigadier generals will be recommend-"
ed for promotion, to the rank of major
general. March raid. -
Officers Sent Heme.
vThe naiors concluded from Wieir
.'.(inference today that the present driva
of Foch is now slowing somewhat anil
.. .. . . .... .
that a new urivc may De starica oy nun
on some other sections of the front.
Because of the severity of the fight-
(Continued on page two)
SECTOR LIVELY YESTERDAY
This is General Official View !'
of Mexican Oil Field
Air Combats Are Especially
Numerous With Ameri
cans Making Record.
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff Corespondent.)
With The American Armies In Fiance
Aug. -16. ( Night. )--Fighting along the
Yesle river today was the liveliest iu
The Germans shortly after midnight,!
opened with a bombardment which coir
tinned for hours. They used more gas
than at nny time in more than a week.,!
The big guns of the French and.. Amci'ii
eaim answered viciously, shelling euem.t
positions from theheights just ninth of i
the Vesle, clear back to the Aisne. j
American airmen, who bombed many
Aisne bridges' effectively yesteiday af. ;
terr.oun, continued their operations to-1
day in an effort to complete the des-j
traction of the bridges. ,
Traffic across the Aisne in the Li.it ;
few days has been much heavier than
usual, according to observers. It con
sist,, largely of ammunition trucks head
ed south and is accepted as indicating
that the enemy has determined to hold
the present lines indefinitely.
German bombing planes in great num
bers tried to drop explosives on tho
French and Americans along the Yeslo
early this morning, but w-ere driven off
by anti-aircraft guns. They then slip
ped around the butteries and visited thu
back areas, repeatedly attacking places
where they believed troop, were quar
tered. Their aim was po r, however, ow
ing to tiie fact that if was still dark.
Many German gun nets on the ertga
of the plateau west of Fismette wera
destroyed by an American barrage. Ob
servers reported that thirteen machinu
guns were put out of commission and
that all the gunners were killed.
CAPTAIN BIDDLK'S STOEX
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Corespondent.)
With The American Armies In Franco
(Continued on page two)
(Continued on page two)
Aside from the Mexican difficulties, stages by which the war would be end- wouiu a.so pro.ccv xu.B.. -
the relations of American republics are ed as follows:
declared bv representatives of the South! "Maximum man power ia Europe by
and Central American countries never to next summer.
lave been happier and the tendency to- "Mammoth allied drive, as soon as XpTtftfjf liaHHlffer
nnn i e t lereaiter. sui passing In size, "
and force anything previously attempt
ed, with the view of inflicting decisive
defeat on the German army.
"Peace bid from Germany late in
1919. nnd sufficient guarantees from
ward the realization of a real Pan-Am
ericauhm never stronger.
Chile, long aii ardent admirer of Ger
many for many natural, reasons, of late
has shown a desire to promote closer
relations with the United Slates, to the
end of making permanent the lines of her to make possible an armistice. Sign
Dies at Advanced
Age, New Hampshire
trade down the South American west
coast that have been established in our
heavy Importations' (if nitrates and cop
ing of the pence treaty in the winter of
1919 or earlv in U'-'O."
To wt the 2.300,000 new-
Franklin, N. II.. Aug. 17. United
States Senator Gallingcr, aged 81, and
a member of the senate since 1891,
'rllni -frnm henrt. ilispn.w in the Frflnk-
drnftees'm, hospital here today. He had been
"From Over There"
General Pershing s Official Report
per for munitions manufacture. That which the program now calls for, Crowd
tl.e effect of this intercourse already er plans to register 13,000.000 men early
is Leing felt Is shown in a dispatch j next month.
received here fiom the representative Drnft officials throughout the conn
if 4lm Pnn m I fdrt nil nnl.lin information try are netting ready tor this gigantic
at Santiago .tellini? of tlft plans for an 'task. Men will begin to leave for L....ps'the New Hampshire house of represent
enlarged Enfirlish department for the
in ill health for several months,
Senntor Gallingcr was born in Cana
dn, March 28, 18H7. He started life as
a printer and later practiced medicine.
In 1872 he was elected a member of
teaching of English subjects in the Uni
versity of Chile. American flags were
almost as soon as they arc classified, atives. He was a member ot tne consti
Crowder said. tutional convention in 187H and elect-
A niiiicnl to com'ress to speed up ac-!ed to the state senate in 1878. During
entwined with the Chilean emblem and'tion on the (Iran i.iu was oeing voiceu i i mi . i.e. was ...1. Bw.a.
served in tho 4Uth congress,
first senate term began March
November, 1914, he was 'elect-
n-tccutini? the, mammoth pro- ed for a titth term, wnicii wouiu navo
II... Slf,,. Snnn,rl,l Bn,.er Wfla S1111B- fit t liroll T !1 Oil t II1C CUUIlll.r II.UUY. It .-i
.. ... 1 .. . ,m--.. j. ,..,,.,' Mnnrnr tlint America is in the He first
rile i niversiiv as iniieiin minii ut . ,....,-3 ..v...-. - .
....... j ... " t,!..:. r..i.l.;. o.wl fMt in a finish, the people are demand- and his
, -..j ..i.- ..:.-r!n.. in thru, nothinir shall delay military 4, 1S!U.
teachers for the new depart- officials
gram under their charge.
expired March 3, 1921.
Washington, ' Aug. 17. The war de
partment today announced ninety cas
ualties from the west front divided as
Killed in action, 17; died of wounds
1; died of accident and other causes,
2; wounded'severely, 31; wounded, de
gree undetermined, 20; missing in ac
The list follows:
Killed iu action:
Lieutenant B. L. Rice, Sparta, Wis.
Sergeants A. J. Ortinau, Columbus,
B. (VS hoch, Selins Grove, Pa.
J. W. Armstrong, Jonesboro, Tenn.
E. 8. Mulligan, New York.
Wagcners .1. K. Massev, Princeton,
M. Burrows, Volga. S. D.
L. O. Coopcrrider, Pcaridge, Ark.
C. E. Cuininings, Hanver, Mass.
C. Densley, Kiverton, Utah
B. E. Guiincll, Arlington, N. J.
O. Upland, Eleva, Wis.
T. Mead, Sandusky, Wis.
R. R. Ramsey, Boston, Mass.
H. J. Swearimgcn. Kansas City, Mo.
P. Tsiotras, Indiana Harbor, Ind.
Sergeant T. M. Bowskie, Chicago
B. J. Goush, Mount Morris, 111.
S. S. Humphrey, Logania, Iowa
H. E. Olson, Chicago
Wounded, Degree Undetermined
Mechanic 7 J. tiff man, Vark Ridgo
.1. H. Burns, Ottuniwa, Iowa
J. L. Cusworth, Woodbine, Iowa
F. W. Hardy, Missouri Valley. Iowa
J. W. Haxby, (,"aiinda,,Iowa
.T. Larson, Godman, 8. L.
F. Lewis, Des Moines, Iowa
C.V. Marlow, Uecorah, Iowa
H. Miller, Red Oak, Iowa
G. W. Nylander, Red Oak, Iowa
A. Peach, Bedford, Iowa
J. Regan. Chicago
Missing in Action
Privates L. Hemlee, Havana, 111.
M. Lipsky, Chicago
With the Canadians
Ottawa, Ont., Aug. 17.-Among Am
eTicns mentioned in today's list are:
Wounded Lieutenant A. C. Lewis,
Omaha, Neb; J. Van Esse, Santa Bar
bara, Oal; L. H. Allen, Chatham, 111;
Lieutuiant C. N. Wilde, Berkeley, Cal.
11! P. E. Thomas. Kansas; J. F. Aa
diies, Ewieka. Meat.