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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 14, 1918)
(23,000 BEAD EES) DAILY
Ouly Circulation in Salem Guar
antee! by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
tin si ori
storms this after
noon or tonight
ably fair, warmer
1 ly wiuds.
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OX TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO. 192.
THIRTY ONE COMPLETE
GENERAL MARv CHIEF OF STAFF, GIVES INFORMATION TO CORRES
PONDENTS aavAY. CALCULATIONS SHOW 1,400,000 YANKEE SOL
DIERS NOW iH-RANCE.-TELLS OF RECENT DEVELOPMENTS ON
WEST FRONT Y s ERE STRUGGLE ISNOW PRACTICALLY ALONG SAME
LINE AS IN 1916, V.CORDING T0 OFFICIAL STATEMENT ISSUED TODAY.
Washington, Aug. 14. The 13Ut reg
itncnt of the 33rd United States divis
ion was the American unit which took
lart in the Franco-British-American of
fensive in I'icardy, General March
chief of staff, announced today in hu
conference with correspondents.
March stated that there are novr 31
lOiupleto American divisions in France
He said the other day that each Amer
ii'hii division has between 40,000 and
1 j.lHll). nu n, which would bring the to
tal organised forces up to nearly 1.400,
OO'J men in France today.
This regiment (Illinois troops) oper
ating near Chipilli, captured three offi'l
ters, loU men and seven KM millimeter
gnus front the Hermans. The conduct of
the American troops, March said, von
the highest praise from the allies.
New Picardy Battle Front
He said that the I'icardy salient has
now been reduced on a front of fiftv
three miles to a depth of 14 miles. This
mikes the nearest point in the Genua
line 3D miles from Paris.
iiie British and French offensive has
now driven the Germans back to the
line they held in the winter of 19 10 ia
flie region of Santerre, March said. Tht
fact that the Germans found thore thf
entrenchments they left in their ad-
vance probably accounts for the stiff ;
jesistance the allies are meeting on that j
front, he added.
At some points the old line of 1910
has not yet been reached bv the allies
March said that the line across th j als. An American medical officer, nun
Marne saliett ia practically as it war self weak with a high fever, workpd uii
last Saturday. He declared an America; .., tiriagly treating other prisoners -an
counter attack had recovered Fismette. , 'endeavoring to obtain supplies.
First Field Army Complete i Conditions in the hospitals arc tho
August 10 was fixed by March as the w"rst possible. The Britishers saw Am-
10 . '. - ..' - 1.1 I. - 1 1 . V... ...
(late of the final organization of tli.1
first American field army. He added
that McReynolds is chief of staff of
this army so far as the department
General Pershing lias been asked foi
specific information on the use of air
craft in fighting. March stated tim
Pershing's dispatches do not indicati
any shortage of aeroplanes on the Am
erican front in the Dame sector at leas
He made this statement in reply to re
ports that the Americans are at a dis
advantage because of a lack of air
Don't Call Them "Sammies" . , .. , , .
,-, . ,i. . , , . . . I The two Tommies said the lack of
March appealeMlfortI.eed.niinat.on ofif ,d ft . .,. I)0,mlntion of
the word 'aminy;' with respect to A,, (;trnailv ?,R.h that , nfls b(,(1()nlc
erican troops, saying if there is on. I t(lf cugtom (,f ,he 8ol(,icr9 to 9eiK, u,;r
tiling the Imted 8ta es soldiers M jvlMiell rt of thPir gori,lv lle(ded ra.
i,or like, it is to be called Sammy. HejtioM Mucn f0od was recently sent to
said the Hntih and I-rendi can't uti- Au,,riu in ,ul effort to aid conditions
dersland why such vigorous men should i fh 're
1; given such an iippcndiige. The Brit- Th; j,ris0IM,rs heard V.o.he ,aldi-rs
isl, have discarded it in favor of!Sav th condition? at home are so do
" links, Mardi said. ' pressing thnt they wanted no furloughs
Twjuty Eighth Division pnrerting to remain in the line.
The 2Stii. division was hdlding the! Leather is rare and paper and wood
line struth of Donna ns July 10 and bci . '
tee-n July 2 and 31 it advanced ovel (Continued on page six)
the Ourcii river between Kergy .nli
Roncit-res, March disclosed. Early in Au j to an inquiry as to the fate of a largo
gust it relieved the second division ' number of men from this division list
July 30, in 24 hours 'the 1281 It division V,l in recent casualty lists as missing in
March made this statement in answai action. He stated he did not know any
Carch inaij this statement in answer lurther details to the casualties.
I mrm sm-k Wl I
'M&LiV& r WWW
-MEN WHO ARh. LeIdIN'G OVB BOT3
TtiE TWEXTY-SIXTU DIVISION NO A
PRISONERS ARE TREATED
BRUTALLY BY GERMANS
SAY LATEST ESCAPES
Clubbed And Underfed, They
Receive No Attention
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Armies in France
Au. 13. (Night) Allied prisoners, in
eluding Americans, are beaten wit!
clubbed rifles on the slightest provoca.
tioH, according to two British soldiers
who wero captured by the Germans on
May 27, and escaped to the American
lilies, after spending a-week in hiding
and fleeing. They told a remarkable
ntory" of cruelties practiced by the
Only the most serious eases arc ad
nutted to Hospitals, wnere tney reecivi
little treatment, the Tommies said. Tho
majority of wounded die in the hospit
",al1 " I"1' 'I1-"
ed and whose wounds, originally slight,
wore becoming serious.
Tlie prisoners' stories indicated tin
increasing shortage in foods and sup
plies of all kinds. Their rations con-
I sisted of three quarters of a pound of
unpalatable potato bread, a pint ot tnin
vegetable soup, and coffee made of
hawthorne berries. The bodies received
practically the same rations, except in
Looted cattle and casualties on the
horse lines furnished meat occasionally
I tr.' the todies. The prisoners got no
To' VICTORY "OVER THERE" OEXE2AL El. WARDS AND ST A IT OF
OX THE FRENCH FRONT.
Cou:iiittoc on Public Information ffo;-i!.:iti:'r. f ri .in I'riilerwod & Cnde-rtvooJ
Trained Flyer Dies
Paris, Aug. 14. Licutenart
Allan V Winslow of Lake For-
est, 111, the first American train
1 ed flyer t" bring down an enemy
airman, has been killed in an air '
Fight in Picardy according to in-
formation received here No de-
tails have been received
ON 25-MILE FRONT
Successful Thrust There Will
Washington, Aug. 14. An Italian of
fensivp in the Alps appears imminent
according to General Etuilio Guglielmot
ti, military attache of the Italian em
bassy, from the general headquarters of
the Italian supremo command.
Th0 Italians arP reported to havj
opened an intense artillery firo in tin
mountainous zone near the Swiss bor
der along a from of approximately
miles. The sector is the highest of the
entire battle line and has been practic
ally free from fighting since the begin
ning of the war.
The Austro-Gumans recently concen
trated heavy infantry and artillery fore,
es in the Trentiuo regions. The Alps are
protecting the west flank of these forc
es. Military authorities here point out
that a successful Italian thrust through
the mountains would endanger the Tien,
tino positions of the enemy and disrupt
the rumored plans for an Austrian
mountain offensive. ,
The Italian ntta-ks center against
the enemy positions in the zone of Val
tellinn, on the Tonale, and at the head
waters of the Val DiD Geneva. Alpine
storm troops have taken Mount Monte!
lo and were reported as being advancing
up Mount Alhiolo and in the. regions of
the headwaters of the Val Di Genova
The battle line extends along the Aus
tro-ltnlian frontier and stretches aeros:'
"severn! glacier!'. )
UNDER MAN POWER
August 24th Is Dak For All
Coming Under Age Limits
Washington, Auj 14 August
24 will be the next registration
reached 21 since June 5 last.
realied 21 since June 5 last
To prepare for any delay in
the passage of the 18-43 man
power bill, Provost Marshal
General Crowder has issued or-
dcrs to state headquarters call-
iug for a registration August 24
It is planned t hold the first !
registration of men between 18 i
and 21 and between 31 and 43 n.
early in September, if the man
power bill passing by that time,
as expected. .
Washington, Aug. 14. September
the date originally set for the big regis,
tratiou of men included under the nc
man power bill, will bo changed because I
in a number of states primary elections,
will be held on that day. It was ofti
cially stated br Provost Marshal Out
i .i ..4. ,.i
eral Ui-owder that the object of new
registration is to keep class one full dur
iug the fall months, pending registra
tion and classifieatioa of the new mil
lions to be added under the man power
The August registration will prevent'
ly draft upon deferred classes and U
expected to" furnish about 150,000 men
for class one classification.
Under a presidential proclamation is
sued today, the same rules will govern
the registration ns those covering pre
vious registrations. Anw person, who oil
uccouue of aiciiuess mil uu uuuuio u valley of the Anere. - -
present himself for registration on tin Allied troops north of thc-Aisne re
day set, may apply before the day of m,iscd minor attacks, advancine slieht-
i registration nt the office of any locVjiy near Bray (where Americans and
ooaru, ior iiisnruciiu-j, as 10 now ne
may register by ngeut, the proclamation
Persons absent from their place of
residence on thi3 day, 'may register by,
(Continued on page six)
FOR TRUCK DRIVER
One of Them Tells of Thrill
ing Experiences on French
By An American Eed Cross Driver.
(Written for the American Press.)
With The Red Cross Overseas, July 30
(By Mail.) There were were
trucks in the convoy that I took up to
the front when the Germans were ael-
, ,.,.;,, ..u, .,.1 I. W Ir.f't !';iris
at midnight, the trucks, loaded with than ISO feet high and which give
food, medical supplies and blankets. Al-l,h' "!V,on ltt '"" BS '
though there was heavy movement ag,' prenfh a,,.edy posses, Plessier
the morning, when we cai
Ar-ilteiy, transport cannons, souiiers
and refugees blocked the way. no
couldn't go a yard further. Our orders
were to go to X with the supply
s!aff; but we couldn't have done it
without an airplane
Tho army was moving and tiie little i
space it left in the roadway was occu
pied by the refugees. They came
streaming back in every sort of convey-a-icc
or on foot, pushing their belong-
mgs in harrows ana naou-carrs. Lp
ahead somewhere the guns were drum
inii.g a long, ceaseless roll.
With off the map. as it were.
I speeded back to A where there
was a hospital in an old chateau. In
this wen? sixty wounded American sol
diers and about 200 French. Theie were
two American army surgeons and a few
Fitneh and English nurses.
'I hat afternoon we evacuated the Am
?ri ans from the hospital and made them
ii( comfortable in their new lodgement
at o . After that we drove back
to A and turned in, because we
looked forward to a haid day.
Quick Work Ahead.
But at 2 a. m. a French general waked
me up at with the announcement that
the Germans were advancing and that
the hospital had to be ompletely evacu
ated in 10 minutes. He made it very
clear it would have to be done in ten
niiuites or we'd find ourselves in Xo
Alan's Land. So I turned the men out
and v.c went ba: k to work in the dark.
as a matter of fact those 10 minutei
stretched until nfteri o'clock, when we
carried the last of the wounded oi.tj
Some of them were in a bad way, and
had to be handled veiv slowly. We put
them in our camions and took them to
the Oii.. tanal, whence- transferred to
(Continued on page six)
IH ANCRE VALLEY
Second And Eighteenth Ger
man Armies Putting Up
CROWN PRINCE'S GUNS
BUSY AT MANY POINTS
French General Humbert
Strikes North Along Oise
Parts, Aug. 14. The Air erican Red
ftrraa tils )-a011 nntlflfiH frnm mn authnl-
Native source, that fear of long range
DomDarament or rang neea no longer
be felt, according to the Paris Journal
Zuricin Au' 1- According to the
Frankfurter Zeitung, the German high
nirnand will make the greater effort
end mes, the fall of whica
would mean a fresh retreat on the whole
By William Philip Simms,
(United Press staff correspondent)
With The British Armies In France,
A.. t r. b iL.
,-ZVr V i
t'T a"d ElhKtl.nihf arm,es 18 dall'
During the last 24 hours there has
been a notable increase in enemy shell
ing, especially gas shells, north of Mor
lancourt, (where Americans are engag
ed) about Dernancourt (a mile and a
half north of Morlancourt), and in tho
British have penetrated tnc outskirts
Ktipprocht 's gunners aro considerably
busier on the forward areas. Sou.th-.of
the VillersBretonneux-Chaulnes rail
way, the Germans are turning their
high velocity pieces on places like
Caix (two miles west of Rosieres) where
large dumps of their own ammunition
were left behind. Today they were at
tempting to blow up tho train with
Allied airmen continue to swarm the
sky, harassing army transport.
Movement of troops toward the line
behind the German front shows tho en
emy is determined to make a stand.
GENERAL HUMBERT'S STRIKE
By Lowell Melett.
(United Press staff correspondent)
With Tho French Armies In The
Field, Aug. 14. General Humbert, fol
owing tho successful advance of his
right wing in tho Oise valley, is now
striking northward in that region, al
most at right angles to the main battle
This operation is now fully under way
the French infiltrating the ravines be
tween the tinv hills few of which are
T 'l... II,... l.a L..--.J tn 4 Ui a rO
o i 'PI... n.l. ......... 1 nu.nf.i! V..w.nuija nt til n
great quantities of mustard gas with
whi(.u tle (iorlans f00,icd the depres
(Continued on page three)
"I'm glad t' saythat Gran 'maw Pash
is restin' easier an' in a lair way t
recover unless n motorcycle passes liei
house," said Ir Mopps t'day. A rc-
former has t' (lie t' git any flowers.
MORE DARING IN
Seven Men Killed On Oil Tank
er Kellogg Off Ambrose
BRITISH FREIGHTER HAS
FIGHT OFF LONG ISLAND
Steam Trawler Walrus Fired
Upon Off Cape Cod Early
Washington, Aug. 14. As submarine
Innntalinn. .ft th Atlnti- ....nut v.-nB
jniore daring, conviction grows among
naval officials that Germany's solo ob-
Ji'ct is to draw America's attention
away from the transports and supply
ships en route to Europe. But indica
tions today arc that the government
will not permit the crafty V-boat com
mauders to divert our sea fighters to a
chase after spectacular raiders.
Nevertheless increased precaution!
are being taken to apprehend the uilelt-r-sea
raiders which are now apparently
operating along the Atlantic coast.
While the nature of these precaution;
cannot be discussed, naval officers ar!
convinced that they will soon show re
suits. The American people are cautiom
ed not to become unduly alarmed nt tht
attempts at frightfulncss which Ger
many is making.
Torpedoing and sinking of the Frederi
ick R. Kellogg, off the Jersey coast wai
reported by the navj department today
Seven Men Killed
New York, Aug. 14.-i-Seveu men were
killed by the explosion of a German tor
pedo when the American oil tank rr
Frederick R. Kellogg was sunk by
German submarine south of Ambrose
lightship, near the entrance to New
York bay, according to reports of sur
vivors here today.
Thirty five members of the crew
reached here safely. They were picked
up thirty miles south of Ambrose light
at 9:45 o'clock last night after they had
been adrift in lifeboats three and a half
Originally the crew consisted of 43
men, commanded by Captain C. II
White. The seven who were killed were
on watch in the engino rooms when thr
German torpedo crashed through the
The Kellogg was owned by the Amcri
can Petroleum and Transportation com
pany of Lou Angeles. She was launched
a year ago at. Oakland, Cal., and wnf
of more than 7000 tons.
Freighter Has Fight
An Atlantic Port, Aug. 14. A Brit
ish freighter arriving here today report-
ml lifivmir linil n two hour buttle with at
German submarine off the Le:,g .T.,lunJj
The U-boat it was declared, opened
fire at a range of three miles. The
freighter replied until its ammunition
was exhausted, meanwhile sending out
(Continued on page two)
WOMEN TIME THEIR WORK
TO FALL OF
Mixed Biscuit In Kitchen Be
tween Fall of Heavy Ar
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United I'i-i-ss stuff correspondent)
With The Amerinn Troops In Lor
raine, Aug. 1 (By Mail.) This is
proof that women can be just as cool un
der shell fire ns men
The heroines of this bombardment are
Mrs. W. (I. Hammond of
City Miss Helen Kainsey
Minnesota, and Miss Lulu
si. l.m.cctiwltv Ww York. Thcv r.inke
I ,.h - nt j ..ire ..1... mi.) ftini-.tlitfi i'nr
Hungry oougiinovs w no unci. io me "in-. nuiii- .
vrtioii army hut in but that would! 8 tl.ev did, ami soon had a batch or.
be u'lliii'i ' .. .. i,is,.,,its under way nn.l then another-
n.. ,t: ....:-., I.mw. .,! ' ,i. m v out them in the oven, one of
ilians of the town in which this hut '
W.... mwr.. tnril.-l when a limn- (...r
n.nn hi-H lit on a building and blew
to pieces. The town had Dot been shell
ed i'or years.
Past Lunch Time.
everyone jook idunk-wi, ".
shells conti.n.e(l to come in wun stau
ling regularity. Kveiyone st.-.yeil in the
dugouts, and after a few hours eery
Czechoslovaks And Bolshe
viki Grapple Along Mid- -die
HAS ARMY OF 150,000
Germans Order Finns to Drive
Allies From Murmansk
Amsterdam, Aug. 14. A battle i
raging between Czecho-Slovaks and bol
shevik forces along the middle Volga,
especially around Simbirsk, according-
to ilispatcucs received from ' Germany
today. (Simbirsk, 400 miles east of Moscow,
is one of the key positions on the new
" Russian front").
The soviet army is said to number
150,000. The soviets fleet in Volga has
seized all Czecho-Slovak vessels, break-"
mg the latter s communication with
headquarters at Simbirsk.
Finns Ordered to Fight.
Washington, Aug. "14. Germany has ,
demanded that the Finnish army pre
pare to march on Murmansk within
two weeks, according to reliable ad
vices to tho state department today.
Tho Murmansk coast is occupied by
allied troops, including Americans.
(Continued on page two)
General Humbert Advances;
Lassigny's Fall Reported
By Lowell MeUett
With The French Armies Ia the Field
Aug. 14. General Humbert's advance
has firmly established his army on tho
old trench line dominating Important
positions on the Thicscourt plateau
(between Lasslgny and Ribecourt).
The battle at present is practical'
devoid Of infantry actionr, but there
is heavy mutual artillery firing.
London, Aug. 14. The Pall Mall Ga
zette declared this afternoon that it
understands that Lasslgny baa been
Paris, Aug. 14. "Our methodical
pressure warrants the hope that the
whole triangle formed by Laaslgny,
Ribecourt and Koyon soon will be oc
cupied," an official statement declared
Tokio, Aug. 12. Lieutenant Gener
al Otani, commander of the allied expe
dition to Siberia, left Vladivostok to
day with his staff. '
The Japanese press acclaims utar.l
as ''the right man in the right place."
Rome, Aug. 14.-Austitan forces oa
i Tuesday evacuated au occuinea puuiis
south of the Semeni river in Albania,
it was announced here today.
Italian and French troops cleared
practically the entire region south of
the Semeni in their recent offensive.
.me begun to get real hungry. It war
past meal time, and as yet no lunch.
Shortly niter noon, Mrs. Hammer.
t.ild h"i- assistants, "We've got to makf
some chocolate and biscuits for those
boys rKOHiid here, or they'll starve. W'
can fix up the chocolate heater in s
dug r'.i li.it the only way to make bi
ciiim in to bake them ill the oven."
The rest n;;rcecl, und with the help of
Hir.ie huug'.y uo.ighboys they got the
clii.c.date iiuilcr working, well protected
bv a strong Then the girls bigan
fij-iiriiig. The shells came jn very regit-
Mavbo they anjlaiiy. Chances were that the methodi
cal boeiici.iin 1 would never slip a cog. ,
Work Between sneus.
I "We'll go up to the kuciich ancr
i t-ac.ii shell arrives, mix biscuits for 8
i miusics. mid then come down hero uhtil
iii. iw.vt shell comes in. said Jirs.
We'll foul these
the girls sflid,
Believe me,, if. those b'i.
e hes throw a shell in noic wine
. t!nw n s ic ! m norc wiu-o im
it l.ii-.iits are baking it's Ruing to
mi. 'tiling to pay.
!',.. .(!,t didn't hit the kilel-cr-iviih
any of their eighty big shells, a-'.
. doughliovs surely enjoyed hot bis
ctiits and chocolate. The girls tnovr-1
only wh.' i the soldiers did, to another
tjwn, v,-!i-':c th.'J' continued their woi'i