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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1918)
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE "
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tie westerly winds
FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO. 183.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
CN TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FTVE CKSTS
60 Ta i-
n III 1 1 i I 1 1 X- 1 II II M It It II II t
J ! iilii
Ill r1? s. .1 i a i t w
DEFEAT Or PRINCE RUPPRECHT'S ARMY GROWING
1FVFRM HIIN RIVKIflNS WFRF.DRiVE 0N THE NORTH
fMwuu nun ymuiviiw ii but.
ifiri if niiimiirr. m nunnninr
iAuli mms in oMtmh
iraCWM OFFICERS FLEE
British Cavalry Detachments Are Approaching Chaulnes,
Twelve Miles Inside Former Ceiman LinesGreat Bend
' of Somme River Now Nasty Tangle of Enemy Troops, Ar
? tillery And Transports Attempting to Escape Capture.
Low Flying Airplanes Pour Machine Gun Fire Into Flee
By William Philip Simms
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With The British Armies in France, Aug. 9--British
cavalry detachments are reported approaching Chaulnes.
Prisoners taken in the drive to date exceed 20,000,
according to the estimates. The cavalry today took a
number of additional villages from the Germans.
The losses to the armies of Von Der Marwitz and Von
Hutier in munitions and other supplies alone constitute
a heavy blow to the Germans.
Ten different enemy divisions were identified in yes
terday's fighting. (A German division usually numbers
Other divisions have been thrown into the battle since
The whole area included in the great bend of the
Somme is a nasty tangle of German transports, artillery
and troops, all struggling along the same roads. These
masses of men and material are being attacked by low
.flying airplanes, which maintain a constant machine gun
fire, accompanied by bombs, day and night.
Chaulnes, which British cavalry is now reported ap
proaching, is about twelve miles from the line where the
Farther south, French and British cavalry seems to
be everywhere at once, cuttinr? retreating rnlnmns tn
pieces and rounding up prisoners.
Armored cars are dashing up and down the roads,
adding to the enemy's dismay, while tanks and "whip
pets" maneuvering across the fields and co-operating with
the cavalry far in advance of the infantry are continuing
their deadly trundle.
Many bridges have been destroyed including those at
PerCnne and Brie. -
French cavalry, tanks and infantry are fighting bril
liantly on the British right.
Washington, Auj. 9. The presence of jFrasco-British advance is continuing.
American troops in large numbers be- Bmchoir, south of Eosleres, has beai
hi-.-. t' c r. ish line in France mada, reached and the allies are making pro
pcssible the EiitishTrench drive, Becre-1 gr(;SS toward Nesle, according to press
tary linker Indicated today. These Am-! , Jt , . , ,
cTiean troop, ere not in the line, l newspapers this af-
are In reserve or ia training with BrU-;tcni0'J"-
ish ur.iii cteewlnrre, allowing the mass-i T!ie allies tie reported to have pro
tos of Bn'-ish font for this offensive. grossed tl.trugh Eo3ieregen-Santrre,as
litfearaiag tie intensive, Secretary fa as Lilt-irz, where they are menacing
BaXcr snid: 1 iCinulues.
"Ths penetration apparently is great-., Pro?rew in the region of Foucau
er than in any rjceut offensive in the court may menace Peronne from the
eatne space of time, though not over so'sov'.fc, the dispatch said. Terrible losses
wide a front. We have no of ficial re- kav been suffered by the enemy. The
port of the details, but the progress so 27th, 193th and 43rd German division'
far has been striking." jwere among the hardest hit.
! he 117tU division, which arrived on
By John De Oandt ' fit b1;l9 field the night before the at
(I'riiVil Pn's staff torre.ijinii'Vnt) '
Tar:c, Acj. 9.-1:05 p. ra.) TU (Continued on page three)
DE AS FIELD MARSHAL HAIG DRIVES
H THE HOHEWZOLLERN LINES IN P1CARDY
11 W 1
nnjTiou rnnijT nnnjo
Dill I loll IliUllI UiLllO
Several Villages Captured In
Advance Of Two Thous
London, Aug. 9. British troops have
started a drive in Flanders and already
have isaptured several villages, the Brit
ish yrar office' announced today.
Locou Lccornet, Malo, (juentln, Ia;
Petit Pacatit and Le Sart have been oc
cupbd. Haig s statement indicated the enemy
had retired from his positions on the
whole Lys valley front, and that Brit
ish had advanced northwestward' of
Mervillc to a depth of 2000 yards.
"In the Lys valley for the past few
days the nomy continued to evacuate
his forward positions," the statement
said. "Our whole front line has ad
vanced from the Lawe river to t!v? river
Bourne, northwestward of Mervillc, to a
maximum depth of over 2000 yards.
"We hold Locon, Le Comet, Malo,
Le Petit Pacaut and Le Hart.
"Our progress on the Pieai ly ffattle
front continues. The French have taken
Fiesnoy-t-n-Oliausse, while the British
have progressed east of Le Questvl and
Caix. The enemy is resisting north of
the Somme river and there is heavy
fighting between Chipilly and Morlan
eourt. "Prisoners captured amount to 14,
000 ad cannon in uncounted number."
SUIT IN CIRCUIT COURT
TO ESTABLISH AGE
Louis J. Wolford Is Decided
To Be Ahove The Army
- Draft Age Limit
When a man is uncertain as to his age,
;i very important matter nowadays, he
liav liavv; it officially determined by the
circn't court upon satisfactory evidence
An I this evidence and the decree of the
court will be accepted by local exemp
tion boards. A case of this kind cam
before Judge George 0. Bingham this
Last summer when the first registar
ti in law wont into effeet requiring all
men between the ages of 21 und 31 years
to register, Louis J. Wolfard of Silvcr-
(Continued oa page three)
Got Just Deserts
San Francisco, Aug. 9. Because hej
said "to liell with the president and!
the government; I'd as soon fight for'
the kai'er as Wilson," Private Edward;
Monson is lying at the point of death,
in the Letterman hospital here. j
Monson made the remarks at the Pre-;
nidio Wednesday in the presence of sev-!
eral nvmbers of his company. The ar-
rival of officers saved him from being j
beaten to death on the spot. He vcat,
picked up unconscious and taken to thej
I M-dmii. is a native of Bergen, Nor-j lias two suns that 11 soon be eligible tor
ina.v, and has iie.-ii stationed at tiie Pie-tli' army, bought more war stamps
Jsid'io f r the lat two months. If hejt'dav t' keep tli' war goin'. Miss Gert
'recover he will face eom tmartial on a1 Bud is almo-t wearin' kilts t offset th'
charge of disloyalty.
'Large Forces Hurled In Vain
Against i ansee rosmons
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(Capital Journal Speeial Service.)
With the. Aaiieriilan . Armies in
France, Aug. .-( Night) The Franco
British attaek in Picardy is likely to
have a .big influence on the situation
along the Aisue-Vesle line where thero
has been no great change in tue past
The Americans improved their posi
tions BliRhtly by heavy attacks but for,
the most part wre busy repulsing
uerman counter-attacks, rive of these
enemy assaults were broken up today.
Our artillery stopped the first two,
The third reached our lines, but the
infantry threw them back in hand to
hand struggles. The next two were re
pulsed by rifle and machine gua fire.
The bridgehead at i'lsmes was wid
ened during the next day, the city now
entirely cleared ofboches, who have
been hunted out of cellars and dugouts
and caiptured or exterminated.
Heavy artillery exchanges continued
throughout the day. The rains have
passed and -the roads-have dried out,
iiaipillijyinjt transportation- However,
the Germans are strongly entrenched on
the heights north of the Vesle in cave3
and deep dugouts. Our artillery will
literally have to blast the sides of
these hil'.s before the advance.
News of the Amiens attack is being
received with great enthusiasm by the
Americans; One doughboy expressed
the sentiments of his companions as
follows: "The boche is getting like a
horse. Now ho is beginning to idea.
The British ought to put a twist on
hi nose and shut off his wind. Then
we'll start going here again."
The body of an American aviator,
missing since July 13, was found un-
(Continued on pago three)
ABE MARTIN I
Lester Deanloif, whose second wife
Id. pr s-iiu cauied by til's war.
1STER SAYS ALLIES
HEED SIKEK FORCE
Thinks Proposed Russian Ex
pedition Cannot Render
By Ralph H. Turner
(United Press staff correspondent)
Tokio, Aug. 9. Japau does not be-
liev.e the forces whicji it is planned to
send into Siberia will be sufficiently
strong to do more than render a iittle
aid to the Czecho-Slovaks, Baron Goto
Japanese foreign minister, told me in an
Japan -has not changed her position
as stated last March, ,gaiij;ng int t
veution, said ljnruu Uoto, " but willing
ly conformed to the American uesiro toe
a small force withu. restricted activi-
The object of the expedition into Si
beria upon which the allies have agreed,
said Baron Goto, is to aid the Ciccho
(Slovaks who aio not as strong as pup
ulurly supposed. " '-- '
The foreign minister siid lie doubted
whether the present allied forces will
bo able to- help the ti.echs sufficiently,
let alone assist tha Russians in ic-estuu-lishiug
order an(J rehabilitating the
country. The allied force, he declared,
will not be enough even to combat sue
eessfully the ,?nenry influence .which b.
spreading through Siberia and which has
now entered Manchuria, where German
"and bolshevik agents arc aetive. '
"Japan has not changed her position
as stated last March," said thj ba'on.
"But, having in view the necessity of
helping the Czechs, we willingly con
formed to America's desire for a smull
force with restricted activities."
H,3 feared, however he said, that the
present movement may prove inadequate
and in that case, further action iniglil
give the allies an opportunity to extern,
important help to Bussis.
"Japan has announced," snfd the for
eign minister, "that she 'will respect
Russian integrity and withdraw her fore
es when the allied aims have been ac
complished." "We mean to stand by this promise
(Continued on page throe)
Lenine Declares War
On Allied Nations
Washington. Aug. 0. Tlw
state department today announ-
ced confirmation of the declara-
tion of war betwann the Bolshe-
viki government and "the al-
In a messngfl f rflm Moscow,
dated July 31, American Consul
' Poole said that Lenine in a pub-
lie speech before members of the
soviet, had declared that a state
of war existed.
Later the allied consuls called
Jf on the commissary for foreign
nfl'aiig for an explanation.They ff
wero told that Lenin,?' decln-
ration did not necossarily mean
hostilities, but, that it implied a
statu of defense rather than a
state of offensive war. ,H,i ad
ded that Russia wished to eon-
thine relations with the allies
under similar circumstances as
with Germany. '
A message from Archangel stated that
the authorities there had demanded an
explanation of the landing of allied
troops at Onega. The message added
that the bolsheviki evacuated Arch
angel in great haste after allv.'d air
planes sailed over the town dropping
propaganda. Island batteries at the
mouth of the river wero captured by the
allies. Cossacks who came to aid the
bolsheviki against the allies , deserted
the bolsheviki and kd a eounter-revolu-tion
on August2, the day the bolsheviki
This counter revolution was completed
on August 3, and the British, Ameri
can and French consuls,' who had be,- n
arrested, were released. The bolsheviki
explained the arrest of t)i."sc officers by
snying it was for the officers' protec
tion. The American consul, howevir, ic
ported that the arrest was made with
such hasftvand violence that he thought
it necessary to burn his code books.
COMPLETE SUPRISE OF
R UPPRECHT'SARMY IN
PICARD Y CA USES ROUT
Bv Noon Todav British Had Driven Wedee Into Enemy Line
From Six to Eight Mies And Were Still AdvancingHigh
Staff Officers Captured And Vast Quantities of Artillery
And SuDDlies.-Tanks Did Wonderful Work and British
Airmen Aided Offensive.
By William Philip Stanas.
(United Press staff correspondent)
With The British Armi.es in France
Aug. 9. 12:30 p. m. The British fourth
irmy and elements of the French first
army under Field Mashal Haitf' have
driven their wedge into the west wall of
th,? Monldidier pocket from six to eight
niileii. Tin y iiavc captured A large num
.r of guns, many prisoners and consid
. Great confusion has been caused be
hind Crown Prince Rupprecht 's front, in
Von Der Marwitz second army and Von
Ilutier's eighteenth army. Airmen re
pott the rapid flight of enemy transport
eastward along the-Somme- i order, to
rscapf.xaoU.re. . . 4
General Buns Away. ' '
' A number of, high 'officers have been
taken prisoners. Thy last seea of one
German general-, hi was running head
ier a down a road with a tank lumber
ing pfter him, spitting machine gun bul
lets in his direction. Our artillery ad
to limber up and advance in order to
keep th' retiring ememy within range.
The Paris-Aisne main railway' line is
now well out of range of any sav the
heaviest German guns, while th Paris-Conipiegne-Amieus
railway is cut only
nt Montdidier. The latter city is'noiv
British airmen, despite heavy weather,
low clouds and showers, are hampering
traffic into and out of the enemy sa
lient, especially along the Peroniie-Roye
and Amiens-Hani railways. Their junc
tion at the Chaulnes bridge across the
Somme, over which every ounce of sup
plies and reinforcing divisions must
pass, likewise is being harried.'
Whil.-? the allies' heaviest guns poiAnd
tli o Oerinan military centers far in Tin'
roar, Rupprecht 'g reply, by infantry, ar
tillery andfti, is very feeble so far.
Home counter-attacks wer.e attempted
but they were easily repulsed. With
die .coming up of leiiiforcemenls, how
ever, it is inevitably that the enemy re
FINANCIER THINKS WAR
OUTCOME NOW ASSURED
While Victory For Allies May
Not Come Soon. Result
No Longer in Doubt.
New York, Airg 9. The war has now
entered upon its fifth year; and though
victory may not be immediate, it is
more assured than at any time,, during
the struggle. The Or in an often -ive.
which began March last, has coiipletely
fuiled in its prime objectives; the in
itiative now having pa-sscd to the al
lies, whose strength increases dail"
through the rapid arrival of fresh and
eager American soldiers who are al
ready making themselves telling factors
in tl'ie military situation. The day can
not be very far distant when the Ger
man military power will be broken;
etui the vast structure will disappear
from the map. Germany, by continuing
her methods of warfare, faces ruin, mis
cry and hate as penalties for the exer
cise of ruthless cruelty and ambition;
while the allies face freedom and the
loftiest hopes in hiimun history. One of
the most untoward events of the week
was the unfortunate pacifist statement
issued by the Marquis of Lansdowne,
whoso high reputation as a statesman
gave undue weigiit to his utterances,
His words can only result in encourag
ing the enemy, prolonging the war and
aggravating the troubles of the allies.
Tremendous activity exists in every
line of industry connected with the
war. proving the energy and determin
sistance will stiffen. Our casualties ar
exceptionally light. At some casualty
cleuring stations, very few patients had
been admitted up to a late hour last
night. One entire army corps estimated
its .- asualtics in the first two hours ot
fluting at two officers and 50 men.
This is absolute proof of the complete
8'irprl.M! of tins attack. ,
Slaff Officers Captured.
:. Some German staff officers were cep
turcd. ('niters escaped by the skin of
their, teeth, fk-eing in scant attire and ,
leaving everything behind save their pa
jamas and tlioir hides. Among the pris
oner! wr4 some ho d'.'An sn,! unruffled
fluit it was Gbviotiif they had been called
out of thein beds; and .dressed only in
time to be captured, One division re
ported' Wor6 prisoners . than it could
handle and had to . employ slightly
wounded men to to escort the captured
(Continued on pago thrco)
Will Cost to Votes
Washington, Aug. 9. Tl o dumoust ra
tion of the militant suffragists was con
demned in the senate yesterday, Sena
tor Thomas of Colorado, a suffrage sup'
porter, declaring a repetition of such
acts likely would cause ti e loss of con
sicl; rnble suffrage support. . 5
"1 am becoming very tired of a repo- ';
(I I,.,. ,t ,,!,, .,,,'nu f.... uiw.l, c,..u
are," said 'i nomas. Opposition to thil
demonstration was also voiced by Sena
tors Smoot, Utah, and McKolInr. f
TciuvMsec, both suffrage supporters.
Huffrugo supporters declared the ac
tion of the vor:cn did not represent tha
real s'-ntiinon't of suffragists.
"If they nr..- not their leaders, it is
indeed difficult to determine who are
their leaders, Senator elled, Missouri, an
nppoiunt of suffrage, said.
ation in which this country is conduct-,
ing the struggle. Hteel of course lends
in importance,- because it is the most,
tm.rMitidl mtitiirUtl In win- Tlin vnvprn. '
menf is steadily expanding its quota
of the output; and inly a small per
centage is granted for other purpose. -The
largc-.tt tonnage at present ia for
hip tec!, ,ut the order for all war ma
terials are upon n growing scale. Th';
Steel Corporation's earnings for the
amounting to $153,000,000 of which:
'VCr ?'l,tll"U Ul Will gll l im- yijvr-m-
ment in taxes. Hteel wages have again
been increased, and ate now doubled
what they were in 1915. Textile indus
tries are correspondingly busy, anil
though nut making such extraordinary
prufits are -still enjoying much pros
perity. For all raw materials thero is
an excellent demand; and while scar
city is often. less pronounced than dur
ing the early stage of the war, prices
are maintained at high record- Wages
art- fc,-ti,-ini- P'i'nuM.,fil , in
duction rise in consequence; then tha
demand for still more waes is repeated,
and so the serious practice runs on.
Apparently nothing can stop this ris
ing tendency of prices except enthus
ted buving power and imperative econ
omy, the latter is already appearing,
sometime as a patriotic necessity, but
chiefly because in many families buy-
mg puwrr ib "ti ' iiii.i.., - -
nre entirely omitted, and ill many in-.
I (Continued on page four; .