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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 8, 1918)
(23,003 HEADERS) DAILY
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
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east portion; Fri
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st e w e s t i r tr
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO.' 187.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
ST AN US FTVE CENTS
iVea' Utrensive Near Amiens in
M$a&k Today On 25-MileFront
Battle Reported Going Well For The Allies And Many Villages
Are Taken. New Small Tanks Very Swift Run Down And
Terrorize Bodies. Many Prisoners Taken. Air Swarms
With AlW Battle PIane$.-erman Trooos Mixed. .
British Force Teutons Back
Get Thousands of Prisoners
Greatest Penetration Made At Most Vital Point In Whole
New Battle Front. Are Now Within Two And A
Half Miles Of Rosieres, An Important Railroad Cen
ter and Junction Of Two Main Railroads. British
By William Philip Simms
(United Press Staff Correspondent) ."
With the British Armies in France, Aug. 8. Franco
British troops attacked at dawn this morning between
Morlancourt and Moreuil, on a front of about 15 miles
astride the Somme.
Several important villages have been reached. The
battle generally appears to be going well for the allies.
Several hundred tanks led the way, fast "whippets"
supporting. . The "whippets" raced and dodged across
the fields, terrorizing and running the Germans down.
The French are attacking in the region of Moreuil.
Reports received here from that front are extremely op
timistic, stating that the Germans are offering only slight
A bombardment of but three minutes preceded the,
British attack. The French attack by agreement was
made a few minutes later, the artillery smothering the
territory south of tthe Amiens-Roye road beforehand.
The attack was begun in fine weather, but rain is
Prisoners declare the attack was a complete surprise.
A number of guns are reparted to have been captured.
Up to 8 o'clock but a few airplanes had appeared.
Among the prisoners were Wurtemburgers, Bavarians
and others from half a dozen divisions, indicating the
confusion in the German lines.
" As this is cabled all first objectives
are believed to have been attained.
Many prisoners are coming in.
Swarms of. a'lied battle planes are
engaged in the attack. A thick haze
made flying difficult in the early
hours of the battle, but this was ad
vantageous to the other branches of
the service. All tanks kept their noses
well up against the steel wall of the
creeping barrage. The country is hilly
but mostly free trees an ideal ter
rain for the tanks, which crossed the
Avre without trouble and led the in
fantry in'o battle. As I write this the
Franco-British troops are still blasting
their way forward with uiaei(no guu
Advance Five Miles
London, Aug. 8. (0 p. m.) Britiat
troops have reached Harbonnieres (an
advance of abuiit five miles and I
half) it was learned this afternoon.
Several thousand prisoners are report
ed to have been -aken.
Harbonnieres is seven miles east of
Villcrs-Bretocrioux and two miles nortt
and slightly west of the important rail
way nr.d highway center of Rosieres.
Hosiercs is the junction point of the
great east and west railway line which
divides the two crown princes' armrei
and the first north and south railway
connecting the Albert and Moutdidiu
'fie British thus have made then
greatest penetration at the must vital
in the whole of the new battle
By. Ed Keen
(United Press staff correspondent)
London, Aug. 8. (3:42 p. m.) The
situation o'n the west" front is consider
ed now morc favorable for an allied vic
tory in the 'field than at any time since
the beginning of the war.
The period of anxiety has definitely
passed. The allies soon will have a great
superiority in men and material to fur
ther assist in retaining the initiative.
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the Fiench Armies in the Field
Aug. 8. (1 p. m.) British and French
troops attacked at dawn todav in the
Somme region, between
Montdidier, on a front
of about 25
miles. The advance is progressina sat
The British attacked in the direc
tion of Ciresy and Marcelcove; the
French toward Auberivecourt aud Dou-
Enemy resistance was
Moreuil and Morizel.
The French attacked at 5 a. m. after
forty minutes artillery preparation.
Three hours later all first objectives I
were auaineu- orwsing satisfactorily."
j A most significant feature of the
Albert and MonidU'.ier are about 20 j Picardy operation is that it is evident
miles apart in an airline. The battle jly being carried out principally by tbn
front between the two cities is consid- 1 British, with the French cooperating,
eroble more, owing to the w?stward 'The most recent tnfrmation. showed
5a:ient toward Amiens. that the British line extended onlr as
Ciresy is on the south bank of thejfar uuth as Hangard. on the Luce
Smme canal, six miles directly eolith j river, about nine miles southeast of
of Albert Marcclcave is five miles Amiens. Tho line from there to about
;Grivesne was held by the French while
(Continued on page two) lAmeriins held the sector from Grives-
..,..:. , . ,r
HINDfNBURG MAY BE
Any Material Advance Will
Sever Two Crown Princes
By J. W. T. Mason.
(tilted Press War Expert.)
Now York. Aug. 8. Murshal Focli's
new drive, begun this morning east of
Aisne, is for the purpose of creating a
new salient beyond the Avre river and
at the' same time encroaching uuon the
principal railway which feeds reserves
into Von Hindenburg's southern front.
Von Hindcuburg has undoubtedly
weakened 'his lines between Montdidier
and Amiens for the purpose of securing
reserves to prevent his Hoissons and No. 1, of Marion eounty. It is estimat
Rhiems flanks from being crushed in. ' ed that it will require one and one third
At the same time, the kaiser's general more registrars than for the first rcgis
slaff is now primarily concerned with tratioii, June 5, 1917. At that time the
trying to get its retreating army over registrants in this division numbered
the Aisiie and in position to defend the about 2,000 while for the coming regis-
Chemin-dcsDnmes. An opportunity,
therefore, unique since tho first battle
of the Maine has offered itself to Mar -
shal Foeh to strike along a new sector
of the western front, while elsewhere,
tho Germans are in retreat and on 'the
The area selected far the new offen
sive offers the most promising probabili
ties of any along the west front. The
great railway line running eastward be
hind the German front, from; Amiens, is
the dividing line between the armies of
the German crown prince in the south
and Crown Prince' Rupprecht's forces in
If the British ami French troops sue,-
(Continued on page seven) -
ALLIES ARE MAKING
DOUBLE DRIVE ONE OF
THESE IS IN PICARD Y
New Offensive On Front Of
Ten Miles Progressing
The allies apparently began a double
drive on the Picardy and Aisne-Veslo
While 'French and American troops
renewed their attacks. on a big seals
against the crown prince's armies,
driving toward the heights between
the Vesle and Aisnc, British and
French suddenly smashed against the
tip of the huge Picardy salient, south
east of Amiens.
Progress was reported in both drives
Staff dispatches from the Aisnc-Velse
front announced that American and
Fiench troops had crossed the Soissons
Rheims highway north of the Vesle and
were steadily pushing on toward the
dominating heights which . form the
German defense line south of the Aisne
Counter attacks were broken up by al
lied artillery fire.
This at'ack apparently centers on
the front between Biaisue and Fisnies,
where progress was reported in last
night Paris, communique, but is
spreading, as the 'dispatch said that
more bridging material was being rush
:d up and new crrssinfcs established.
The extent of the Picardy attack
reported in the French official state-
, ment is not yet known. That it is on
a major scale is indicated bv the an
nouncement that it is developing un
The attack began at 5 o'clock this
morning. The communique was issued
at noon. ' .
The British war office report, receiv-
ied shortly after the Paris communioue.
) indicated that the Fieardy attack may
jbe between the Somme and Avre riv
ers a tront of more than ten miles.
This report said the attack is
' ' pro-
URGED :T0 PREPARE
May Require More Officials
To Classify The 3,000
Registration of Marion
The local exemption board has receiv
ed notice from the adjutant general's
office to male? preliminary arrangement
at once in order that registration may
take place npon the date selected by
congress, probably September 5th. This
refers to the registration of men be
tween the ages of 18 and 21 and 31 and
The local board is requested to at once
appoint a registrar or registrars for the
different registration places in Division
tration it is estimated the number will
run more than 3000. Local boards have
, been instructed by Adjutant General
Williams to begin re-classification of
men who are now in class 2, who have
no childicn and where the wife has some
means of suppoit aud where the remove
of the resist rani Yvi(l not deprive the
wif.of reasonable and adequate sup
port. In classifying fiom (hiss 2 to Class
I, IjC.'iI b inrdj are to if lie into cin:iar
atlm source of income for the wi'.i
such ;u ittcciHn.f !!'. property, her c,.i!
lugs whi'o employed or which ?ho e;m
readily be oinjil lyod, piu; the aHutino"'
and g(v runant nlio ranee. All lcri.'.
itriuita re -classified tcio Class 1. have :!:
j right , f .v cnl.
nes to a point west of Muntdidier. The
Paris coinniiHiiqiie may indicate that
additional Britisji 'forces havo been
thrown into the line here enough to
prepondeiate over tho 'French. The
fact that tho Americans were not men
tioned in this attack or in previous ad
vances around Montdidier may mean
that they have been drawn out of the
line to participate in the Marnp fight
ing. Further allied success in Flanders
was reported by Field Marshal flaiy
He announced that British troops ad
vanced tueir lines more than half a
mile on a five mile front between the
Clarence and the La we rivers.
"If th' Belgians have felt th' warl,pPn deposed can there be real peace,"
any wor.-o'n a ten t-eut sack o' coi'ii;nealll5orah said. "What kind of a peace
I pity 'em." said Mrs. Lafe Bud t 'day.;
Lnde Lz Fash, ninety gome, has ac-
eepted a position as rear admiral on a
tractor plow till peace looms jp.
HOLD OF ALLEGED
Would Take Control Of Stock
yards Storage and Ware
houses. ALSO REFRIGERATOR
CARS AND ICE PLANTS
Commission Says Trust 'Con
trols Industry And Many
B By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Aug. 8 Moving to break
the power of the co-ealled "packers
trust" the federal trade commission has
recommended to President Wilson timt
the rail administration bo given a mo
nopoly in transportation and distribu
tion of meats.
The report of the commission made
public by President Wilson todav, urges
that t'ie far reaching packers, influence
on American business can be emasculat
ed by transferring from the packers to
the railroad administration the follow
ing: t slock yards in the country; all so-
called branch houses, storage, houses and
warehouses of the packers, used in the
refrigerator cars now owned by the pack
refirgeraor cars now owned bv the pack
ers and all icing plants located along
the railroads throughout tho country.
This would leave the packers the lone
business of slaughtering and skinning.
Through control of tlie transportation,
storage and distributing facilities, the
ruilruad administration would brean the
alleged priorities the packers "trusts
grants its members now in all phases of
the business. Incidentally the control
oi r. trigcraior curs cunsiiiuies u siue
swipe at tho California cannurs'
Tho federal trade commission in its
report to tho president "made at his
written request last year" leaves it
up to congress to pass tlio necessary
legislation which will enable the rail
road administration to take over the
The commission charges in its report
that t'ie f'v'e great packing concerns in
this country Swift, Armour. Morris.
Cudahy, and Wilson "have attainod
such a dominant position that tuey con
trol at will tho market in which they
buy their supplies, the market in which
they sell their products and hold the
fortunes of their competitors in their
To break this power, the commission
choto what it regarded as a simple and
non-spectaculnr remedy. It holds that
since cattle cars are a necessary part of
the equipment of a railroad, sum cars
should bo under federal ownership and
operation nu available to nil alike.
It holds that a stock yard is nothing
more than a depot for cattle the same
as a passenger or freight depot for peo
ple and there fore should be a part of
clio railroad facilities, subject to the use
of all alike.
Declaring that the ownership by the
five great packing interests of refriger
ator cars "furnishes one of the most
powerful means for control, manipula
tion and restraint," the commission re
commends that these cars be taken over
by the railroad administration.
Like All Other Freight.
Branch houses, cold storage houses and
warehouses are now provided by com
mon carriers for various sorts of freight
except meat and perishables, therefore
the packers' warehouse should logically
come under railroad operation,, the com.
Having acquired these facilities, the
railroad administration could then es
tablish at the terminals of all principal
ruilruad points of distribution and con
sumption central wholesale markets and
iloing,- plants with facilities open to
The cominis.iiou believes that its sug
gested remedies "will strike so deeply
it the root of tho tree of monopoly that
they constitute an adequate and simple
(Continued. on page seven)
Must Fire The Kaiser
And Enneror Charles
Chicago, Aug. 8. "The H'Jhenzol
lerns never kept a contract which they
found expedient to Dieak, " declared
Senator Borah, speaking here before
rhe National IViithI association.
" When the Germans have .turned
their faces to the fatherland and be
gun to talk peace we will enlist more
men and kep on fighting. Not until
the llohenzollcrns and HaKSburss have
league would it be with a lloheuzollern ,
in it! -
The dental association cloocs its
WHEAT CROP WILL BE
OTHERS ARE NORMAL
Corn Estimated At 2,989.000
000 Bushels, Oats 1,428-.
Washington, Aug. 8 Forecasting a
total wheat yield of 878,000,000 bush
els, the agricultural department today
estimated winter wheat would reach
536,000,000 bushels as against the July
forecast of 577,000,000 bushels, and
that spring wheat would viehl &J2.000
The corn yield is estimated at
2,989,000.000 busheLs, oats 1,428,000,000
bushels, barley, 2:12,000,000 bushels and
rye 76,700,000 bushels.
These figures would indicate a yield
per acre of 1J.3 bushels for winter
wheat, 14.3 spring wheat, 14.9 for all
wheat atid 20.;t bushels for corn, 32.1
for oats, 25.5 for barley and 14.1 for
Tho condition of spring wheat was
given as 7B.fi compared a year ago
and . 75.9 for the ten-year average at
this time. Condition of corn was given
as 78.5 compared with 78.8 last year
and 78 the ten-year average.
The Juts condition Was. given , as
82-8 compared with 87.2 a year ago,
barley 82 as compared with 77.9 a
While potatoes promise a yield of
FRENCH ANH YANKEES
OVER VESLE HEIGHTS
Grave Of Quentin Roosevelt
. Is Found By Lieutenant
' .By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Armies In France
Aug. 8. (7:50 a. m.) American and
French troops, crossing tno Soisaons
RheLinB highway, are driving on the
heights between the Vesle and the
Desperate counter attacks broke
down under fierce allied artillery fire.
The allies are holding all the positions
they have gained and are steadily
pushing on. Heavy fighting is going
on along a wide front north of the
Additional bridging material is be
ing rushed up and new crossings are
being established- The weather has
cleared which is regarded as favorable
to the allies.
American airmen have found the
jjrave of Lieutenant Quentin lioosevelt
who was brought down in an aerial
battle back of the German lines before
the counter offensive started. The
grave was marked with a wooden cross.
It was located at the edge of Chainery
wood (about four miles ens; of Here-
The grave was found by Lieutenant
DETAILS OF DOUBLE
William frnno Ifi'lic
iiiiuuiu vi uuv iuug vvu jauu
(Capital Journal Special Service.
Dallas, Or., Aug. 8. William Crane,
a 1'ulk county rainier residing on a
f'.rm in the McTimmondi Valley dis
trict In the r .luthwesti' n jurt of th
county killed bis sou, James and
ilaughtcs-iu-law, Mrs. Claud ''ran.' and
then turned the gun on himself and
ended his own fife Monday aftorrion.
The shooting is supposed to have been
caused by a quarrel between the two
men but no motive can- be given for
the killing of the woman. Claud Crane
was absent from the house at the time
of the shooting having gone to a pas
ture at one end of the ranch with a
herd of goats. When he returned home
he noticed an automobile belonging to
the family in front of the house
ith the engine running. Cpon making
an investigation he found his brother
lving behind the car with a bullet
through his right knee and another
through bis stomach. The man was
still alive and upon being revived
stated that "dad did it". This is all
the information Claud Crane was able
(Continued on page seven)
391.000,000 bushels as compared with
362.000,000 bushel, the average yielij
betwe?n 1913 and 1916. Sweet pota
toes are expected to yield 84, 500,000
bushels, as compared with 63.oOO.000
during tho 1912-16 period. Eice is ex
nectcd to yield 41,600,000 bushels and
hay 99,300,000 tons.
LOSSES LESS IN JULY
London, .Aug. 8. Losses of
merchantmen during July were'
less than in June, Sir Leo
Money, parliamentary secretary
to the shipping industry, an
nounced in the house of com
mons this afternoon.
TO NAME LOAN AMOUNT .
Cincinnati, Aug, 8. The amount of
the next liberty loan will De designat
ed immediately upon my arrival i
Treasury McAdoo here totlay en route
from a California health resort to tho
" I'm feeling fine," lie said. "I have
recovered niy voice and am again in
shape to go to the mat with 'em."
Worth of the nerial squadron of which
young Boosevelt was a member.
The bocha,. airmail had marked th
Kiittc vviwi u tiuwuii wiinii nua tint
ed ill English:
"Lieutenant (Juentin Roosevelt, bur",
ied iby Germans, July 14,1918. "
Constant seuroh for the grave had
been in progress for several days. It
will be marked carefully and will bo
appropriately honored by Ameriraa
The Americans late yesterday reach
ed the railway and main highway north
of the Vesle. They crossed the river on
foot bridges improvised from the
trunks of fallen trees lashed together.
The Yuiikees waded through the
marshes on the south bank and charg
ed up the high rrorthcrn bank in the
i face of heavv machine irun aud artil-
llery fire. The Germans counter attack
led immediately, but were completely
I The advance yesterday was made la
I the midst of a heavy rain, but when
'the attack was resumed on a large
scale this morning, the weather had
I eli aied.
I BANDITS LOOT BANK
dmljluriapolis, Ind., Aug. 8 Three
bandits shortly after noon today held
up the cashier of the Sou'h Side lank
here and escaped with $20,000,
M'ADOO WANTS FLAT
TAX OF 80 PER CENT
m rr tin. in f-.
iays inn wosua dtcp rroni
ecring And Much Simpli
Chicago, Aug. S. Secretary McAdoo
favors a flat tax of 80 per cent on war
profits to cure profiteering. His posi
tion was expressed in a t 'logram to
Chairman Kitchin of the house ways
and means committee, made public here
"The adoption of an 80 per cent war
profit tax would render unnecessary
and, I believe, undesirable, any in
crease in the existing excess profits
tax rate," said McAuoo's telegram.
"It is my strong conviction that tax
ation of genuine war iprofi's is the on
ly way to reach real war profiteering
and that it is the same time a thor
oughly justifiable measure upon eco
nomic grounds, as well as a certain
and indispensublo producer of a large;
part of the required revenue."
American producers should ba con
tent with one fifth of their wa.- prof
its, McAdoo said, especially since men
yatejinardiiig their liberty are working
for V.9H per year t nd giving their
blond iu the bargain.
After a survey of Chicago's railway
terminal situation. McAdoo was on his
wav to Washington today.