4,600 SUBSCRIBER (23,Ck READERS) DAILY Only Circulation in (talent Guar anteed by the. Audit Bureau of Circulations .FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL LEY NEWS SERVICE FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. SPFI Drive Ahead Oa Fifteen Mile Front But Extent of Ad vance Not ReportedGer mans Are Destroying Sup plies As They Retire Before Alljed PressureThree Mile Advance Made On Five Mile FrontFighting Continued Throughout Last Night- By Lowell Mellett, (United Pre gtaff correspondent) With the French Annies in the Field, Aug. 2. (2:25 p. m.) The battle with in the Marne pocket, which began grow ing in violence again yesterday, is still laging as this is cabled. . Loss onhe Important heights of the Grand Rozoy is causing the enemy to fail back with too French and British in hot pursuit, . After fierce combats, the allies occu pied Hartonnes-Et-Taux village and wood (seven miles south of aoisnonsj anri Coiitremin (a mile south of Han enues-Et-Taux), Saponay (seven miles endeavored to do for them," declared uule and a half northwest of Fere-en Tardenois) is still violently confuted but the French hold Rape'rio, just north or Sapouay. South of the Ourcq the enemy resist once is becoming more feeble. French and American troops have conquered the thickets and woods north of the Gous-Hanconrt-Coulonges road. On fjie eastern portion of the battle field, the poilus have arrived at the outskirts nt' Villers-Agron and have captured Forzy (a mile northeast of Villers Agron) and the wood a mile east of Romigny (two miles northeast nr Forzy.) . , The French also have occupied the hill ai:d small wood northeast and north qf Ttpjfligny. By John Do Gaut. nin,tA Pioaa Stn f t Pnri-ixmi.iwli.tlt 1 .... v.... f Paris, Aug. 2. (4 p. m.) New allied :ll"s vo mm me ngnt man. iney progress on the 15-tnile front between arfs follow': Fere-en-Tardenois and Ville-en-Tarde . L - J- Rai'e of the Minneapolis nois, was reported today. Teachers agency says that manual How extensive this was could not aetra""ni? teachers are scarce and that he ascertained at the hour of cabling. ; J?"! 'ot "l"? njr on f or lea8 than Between the Ardre and the Velse rivV .Ti i , . , ers, a number of fires have been observ- Tpn J, pra" 0"f 'er 1 ,atrnat ed, evidently the remit of destruction oMf.'VtTf i:nrtonj l' says' of'ntatoriaby the Germans at several J places, including Fismeg. whether we can furnish you with the . ' .... . man you desire. We have calls for jjouoon, aug. a. ,i:io p. auibq 1mm.. L.it. ii.nli.MJ n.iinini,ri of Meuniere wood and are advancing. steadily north-of Clerges (three miles'cago says: "The deniaiicT for manual west 01 jueumere) it was tearuea au thoritatively this afternoon. Loudon, Aug. 2. 2.I8 p. m. The al lies, advancing three miles on a Itve mile front captured all of tJie water shed commanding the territory north of tW Crist river, it was learned this ai'ter noon. ' (The Crise flows from the vicinity of Lanoy northwestward into the Aisnc, at Soissons.) Capture of this ridge between the Ourcq and the Aisne endangers the Ger man retirement in the center as well as on the entire west flank. . o .-!..!.. i i i organization. The first efforts in this' u, ..-..i p """jline aimed to include only the fathers forty-four enemy airplanes were brought but when the nl0VPment was or3anized down by the all.es during July while t wa9 ,ho ,,t hfat u allied machines were . lost d"ng ( the home folkg anc!now it seems prob the same period. ,Jab!e that the idea will develop into a British aviators accounted f r 410, hg aud broad association of patriotic planes; French 2VJ; Italians 100; Bel-' ef fort9, gians 4; Americans 3. In addition. 2(1 j The executive committee of the local Tilanes were 'brought down in the Bal- society will present an attractive pro lans and five in Palestine. Igram next Wednesday evening and the The Germans destroyed 31(5 allied reading of the letters from the bovwill planes and the Bulgarians and Austrians bo included in the evening's exercises, four. I Frank Davey, president of the Sol- - , ' , Dial to Pershing. Rome, Aug. 2. General D!az, com mauder in chief of the Italian avniies following King Victor Emmanuel's re- i (Continued on page three) 182. MACHINE GUNS ARE GERMAN RELIANCE TO STEM ADVANCE Enemy Has Small Use Heavy Artillery During Their Retreat By Lowell Mellett. (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With The French Armies In The Field Aug. 2.-(2:30 a. m.)-General Mangin 's ' ., , , army was srm advancing carry rouay, utilizing every advantage gained in yes terday's impetuous assault along a ten mile front. Beating down stubborn German re sistance, the allied troops had the satis faction of seeing .the enemy wildly fleeing at come points. The completeness of the allied suc cess is evidenced by the fact that Franco-British batteries were installed short ly before 8 a. in. on ground from which we had only begun to drive the German at 4 a. m. The Germans were able to us? their own artillery only on the smallest scale, being compelled to. rely upon machine guns. These were taken one by one, notwithstanding the boches' dogged re sistance. The enemy's casualties during the daj were extremely high. The bravery of their defense could not be questioned, up to tlic poinj where it seemed hope less. If they disobeyed their orders to resist- to the death, their cunnades know why. . Hill 205 (four miles northeast of Oul-chy-le-Chateau) was conquered at 6 o'elock. Courdoux (a mile west of Uill 203), Servenay (two miles east of Cour doux) and Crainoiselle, (a mile south ef Servenay) fell soon after giving up many prisoners. The Germans violently counter attack ed from Buzancv (eight miles north of Oulcky le-Chateau) and L'Eveqne wood, (just south of Buzancv) French infant ry broke up their efofrts. uy evening t,ranuiie.-(a mtlo and a half south of Uamoiselle) and the hills to. the northward had len oeupied. - As a result of the allied success, Ger-j man positions up to and including Pis- T! Superintedent Todd Finds Teachers Very Scarce x And High Priced Du.-ing these strenuous war times, finding a man for the teaching of prac tical and mechanical drawing for the manual training vacancy in the high school is no eRsy job, according to superintendent John W, Todd. At the last meeting of tho school board of directors, Mr. Todd' submitted some of his efforts in this line and the general information he hail collected io i i . , .. .. , that type offering J. . . 1 & from $2000 to "The Fist Teachers' aunncv nt cm. (Continued on. page two) Want Soldier Letters To Read At Club Mothers and fathers of boys in the service are asked to bring letters from the soldier and sailor 'boys to be read at the meeting of tho Soldiers' and bailors' Parents Club to be held Wed- nesday evening, Aug at the Com- mercial club. Salem was a pioneer in the broaden ing of the title and scope of this or- diers 'and Sailors' Parents club, says that at one time it was thought that Will G. ilc-Rac, the well-known news- paper correspondent could be secured for Wednesday evening but word. was received that he was engaged the en-1 tire week in Washington. mes (12 miles northeast of Cramille) are menaced. Road lines and other com uiunications radiating from that tity, are subject to dir.?ct fire from. our ar tillery. Fismes has been a great store house for German supplies. The extent to which the enemy has been able to evacuate this, if at all, is not known. The Germans yesterday began a heavy bombardment of Mucins which S?',U oustitut-.-s a thorn in the enemy's B1UC. 1 stood on a spur of the Montague de Rhiems and watched hundreds of shells exploding in the ruined towns between the mountain and city. Every now and then, one would drop in Kliiems. Twice great clouds ol dust rose up in front of the cathedral obscur ing the structure for several minutes. When the clouds cleared away, the build ing apparently was unscathed. The ca thedral as a wholo appears intact, but thoso who have visited it recently say it is only a hollow shell which rises in ghostly magnificence, mocking the Huns' efforts. To the right of the city, shells fell regularly on Fort 'De La Pompelle, from winch the U?rmaus have sought since 1914 to oust the 'French. To the left tho village of Couloimnes wes being re-shattered while the forest of Vrigny, ori a low hog-back hill, s?emed fairly heaving and rocking under the bom bardmeut. Further to the left Bligny, three kilo meters distant, was erupting smoke lik.e a volcano. Persistauce of the bombardment eli minatcd the theory that this might be only the usual "evening hiito" suggest iiig instead a coming attack. This idea was supported by several hundred shells falling from that town almost to our feet. The attack came soon after, the Ger mans attempting to re-take lii.-ny, nut t rench colonials drove them otf, The amount of metal the boches are expending hereabouts proves the rest lessness with which thev view the al- lies' possession of strong positions eu feroaching - upon their., lin.es, which the enemy must hold td avoid complete ev aeuation of the pocket. Due To Damage By Insects And Bad Weather Con ditions, Says Report. San Francisco, Cal.; Aug. 2. Unusu ally heavy damage by inBects and bad weather conditions have been unfavor able .to proper developments of grain crops on the Pacfic coast, says the review of general business conditions in the twelfth fedeal reserve district, issued today. Government estimates of crop condi tions show the- probable product a mouth ago. Despito this wheat production will bo 20,000,000 bushels above the 1017 production. "Greatly reduced acreages of pota toes and sugar beets is shown," says tho bulletin. "The farmers having planted other crops which promised lar ger financial returns. Tho estimated production, of potatoes is 32,147,000 bushels compared with 47,156,000 bush els in 1917. "Deciduous fruits are in good con dition, but the total production will probably be somewhet less than lst year, although earload shipments from California this season to July 13 have beon 2,152 cars compared with 2,112 cars iu 1917. It is estimaed that the apple crop of the Pacific northwest will, be less than 20,000 cars, about 10 per cent below the 1917 yield. "Prices of all farm products arc in excess of those cf last year." Orange and lemon groves are in goad condition, says the bulletin, and all indications are for a normal yield. Cotton acreage in Arizona and I al- ifornia has materially iiicreasec ised this year. This vear's salmon pack will probably amennt to M.'iQiJ.OOO cases, compared with 10.124,85S cases last year, anrt 7,O.'!2,082 for an eight year average. "It is estimated that the value of the production of all shipyards building steel and wooden ships on this coast is over $300,000,000 per year. Of 53 constructors- of steel ships and 7S con- (Continued on page two) NEED FOB PLATINUM. Ban Francisco, Aug. 2. So great is the need of platinum by the government that orders have been issued T. W. H. Shanahan. superintendent of the mint to receive from the public platirflmi, PACIFIC COAST FOOD CROPS ARt " LIGHTER metals of the platinum group and plat- inum jewelry for forwarding to the (New York ssay office, where its value i will be determined. Mianahan issued a request yesterday, that all persons possessing platinum turn it over to j thc government. SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST GERMAN RETREATING WITH THE AMERICANS F01L0WI! CLOSE BY Yankee Forces Have Advanc ed Tw And Half Miles Beyond Gergny By Fred & Ferguson (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With the American Annies in France Aug. 2. (Noon) The German with drawal has been resumed. Woody- sacrifices Tat Scringes, Sergy aitd Cierges were in vain, in the face of the- steady Franco-American pressure. . The advance of the Americans since the rupture of Ciergny has reached a depth of four kilometers (2 14 miles) at some piaces. Steady pressure is pushing the boches back nnd has gives the French and Americans control of the plateau beyond the Fere-en-Tardonois line, -which com mands the country 10 the northward. The neitt Gevman defensive line is likely to be the Tesle, river. The Americans are persistently fol hnving up the retreating enemy. A heavy rain fell , throughout .the night and was continuing today, turning hiilittry roads into quagmires and stop ping all aerial activity. The break in air fighting is noticeable is more than a dozen boche planes were brought down in flames, Thursday. PRESIDENT TENER E Steals March On Herrmann And Calls Meeting of League leaders . By H. O. Hamilton, (United. Press gtaff correspondent) New York, Aug. 2. Governor John K. Teuer. president of the National league, stolo a march on Garry Horr- man'n's plana to split the National league meeting called for tomorrow, when he hastily summoned club owners here today and went into session wits .them at National league headquarters. It was believed probable that the league would hurry through with What business it has to wind up, discuss par ticipation in the world's series and the subject cf abandoning tho season on September 1, and then adjourn in plenty of time for those club owners who so desire to go to Cleveland and attend the National commission meeting to morrow. Tener will not attend .the Cleveland 'meeting. In the city when the meetiug was called were President William F. Baker of the Philadelphia club; President Ebbets of the Brooklyn club; President Hempstead of the New t nrk clut President Dreyfuss of the Pittsburg club and Arthur ;. Wise, representing the Boston club owners, in the absence of Percy Houghton. This group is considered the loyal faction which will fight efforts ot Herrmann to discredit and humiliate Governor Tener. Charles Wceghman, president of the ( hii ago club, was to have attended tomorrow's meeting here, but was obviously unable to reach the city toilay. ABE MARTIN . real patriots, Oabe Craw lone without meat t'day an' thinned out a row 0' carrots. We notice when . . ... .. a mnrrie. linn, c i.itn HKi t i ress iner coupl ff' a long time gittiu a planner. 2, 1918. H1NDEN6 URG SEEKS TO T Endeavors Mainly To Compel Allies To Continue Pure ly Frontal Attacks By J. W. T. Mason (United Press war expert) New York, Aug. 2, Von Hinaemmrg is. conducting his slow retreat toward the Vesle in Biich a manner as to avoid the dangerous pockets which the Amori cans were creating by their advance along the main railway to Fismes. The German west flank, south of Soissons, is at the same time slowly bending be fore the allies' blows and is tending to form a diagonally straight line with the southern front, By rectifying his defens ive positions in this manner, Von Ilin denburg is trying to eliminate all sal ients and to compel the allies to con tinuethrNi pressure by means of front al attacks. These tactics are only tempo rarily of advantage to the Germans anrt are in the nature of an expedient to gain time for the further retirement of e-r-man heavy artillery and munitions. The present position of the allies-west of the Fismes railway is seriously' threaten ing the German communications ulong the Criso river, and the important rail way which runs along the bank of that stream. This is the only defensive po sition remaining in Von Hindcnburg's hands south of the Vesle and in the western arc of the Soissons-Rheims Sal ient. Today's fighting, however, is pro ceeding less heavily on the western flank and is tending to shift to the cen tral area, directly touth of Fismes. Got cral Foch's. purpose in bringing' re newed pressure to bear here is due to the horror Von Ilindenburg.is showing of salients. Every small advance by the Americans in the central sector tends to create a pocket and causes the Germans to retreat elsewhere so aj to try to keep their entire line straight. Minimum losses are thus falling tohc allies for the gaiiiB they are making. Henceforth General FoCh may be ex pected to shift "'s assaults from one lo' cal, area to another, when new condi tions creat; themselves for forming pock ets. i ., ' .. HOW KING GEORGE IMPRESSED NAN FROM OUT WEST Congressman Connelly Thinks He Acted Like Mayor Of Small Town London, Aug. 2. King George act ed like the mayor of a small Kansas town, in the opinion of Representative John B. Connelly of Colby, Kan., editor of the Colby Free Press, who today wrote his impressions of British royalty on the occasion of the reception of a congressional committee as follows; By John B. Connelly Kansas Congressman - We Americans are not used to ni'iet ing royalty and nuturnlly had sonic feeling when we met the king anil ipiecn of England and their daughter. The lung, queen and the princess ii.i mediately removed this embarrassment. Their greeting was most cordial. The king gave us a regular Kansas hand shake and then we talked for half an hour. The fact that he spent four years in the navy while a boy, per haps made him nt onie find the sub ject upon which we were both best in formed. He discussed the subject with much interest and understanding. The committee came away with the impression that the king is a most hu man follow. He knew how to meet the committee as just ordinary American" and make them feel ea3y. lie treated us fine jiist as if he were the mayor of a small Kansas town. The king is rather small of stature, not so tall s tin Tpieen He enjoys a good story. He expressed tho hope to us that after the war the Americans will not think the Briton stuck up and that the Briton will be more tolerant to ward the American disposition toboast. Th queen is fine appearing. She talked interestingly about the work to be done for wounded soldiers. She is most active in this work, going person ally to various hospitals. She inquired about the interest of American women. She had read of their activities in the Red Cross and along other lines of re lief. Princess -Mary, the only daughter of tlift king and queen, has four or five brothers in military service. Havinz heard that it may be neccs - sary from a standpoint of conservation to cut down on the supply of gas and electricity our pessimistic friend is wor- . . . ' .. .. 1 .... .1 . ..4 rviuc 11 1111 sen h k anoui tne mirs. uiu- look. PRICE TWO CENTS YANKEES ADVANCE ENTIRE RIGHT WING BY SUDDEN ATTACK Now Hold Cierges and All of Meunieres WoodAttack Was Sudden and Followed Closely Behind Dense Smoke Cloud Germans Facing Americans Now Largely Young Troops Who Have Been Well Trained In Handling Ma chine Guns . . - By Frank J. Taylor. (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With The American Armies In France Aug. 2 )8:45 a. ni.) American troops advanced their entire right wing during the night as far as Bompley. They hold Cierges and all of Meun ieres wood. Intense fighting is pro ceeding beyond Cierges, whore the Am ericans gained dominating heights from the Germans by a sudden heavy attack The 'American gains were made in the race or stiffening opposition. ester- day morning our left wing attacked nor theast of Scringes (a mile and a half east and north of Fere-on-Tardenois) following a smoke cloud which partially concealed their advance from enemy machine gunners, which were planted tliKiKiy in the fields. me nougiiDoys went forward in groups, filtering through the German positions and gaining all their first oh jectives without pause. Fighting cen tered in JNesles forest (northeast of Scr inges and north of Sergy). Our inXant ryquickly dispersed the outer line of Gorman machine guns in a hand to hand combat. The advance was discontinued here during the afternoon,owing to the sharp salient created. The American right wing, advancing simultaneously, moved eastward iu a flanking movement around Meuniere wood, (southeast of Cierges.) French troops cooperated in this assault. By evening the German resistance had been wiped out aud tho wood cleared, tho allied .troops progressing almost to GouNsaucourt (three miles east of Cier gef.) Fighting in Meuinore wood was iu- teiflto, artillery raking the boches while infantry charged up, a steep Jn 11 into Jt row of machine guns, driving out the defenders with the bayonet. American artillery continues to pound German strongholds along roads lead ing northward, exacting heavy casual ties. Latest indications are that the bo dies are massing in increasing numbers to opposo further' advances, although no additional defonscs have been encoun tered other than widely scattered sec tions of half dug trenches and increas ed barbed wire entanglements. The wire is not continuous, but is used as barriers for machine gun posts. The Germans now opposite tho Ameri cans are mostly young troops and good machine gun fighters. They show in creased courage in hand to hand combats but no German yet encountered has proven the equal of the Yankees in tnc style of "iu-fi'ghting" that goes wiiii the bayonet. Our'mcn are exceptionally equipped now, having in addition to their usual outfit, field glasses and daggers taken from captured German officers and their shock troops. While lying inside the American lines iu Nestles wood yesterduy morning a sergeant remarked that he needed a pair of field glastes. He walked into the wood and encountered a German officer and three men. He killed the officer, chased the men and returned with the former's glasses and revolver. milium mm ihmii iiiiiiiiiiiiimiuiuiiiiiii iiiinniiiiiiiiimiiNj 1 War Summary of United Press I iiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiHiHiiiiiiii 1 1460ih Day of the War; 16th Day of Counter Offensive ii mimimiiiiimiiiimiiiiimiiimimmimimiiiiiiiiiiiiimii mimiimma Soi.-sons-Kheims Front Allied tioops continuing their advances on the south- Ifwcstern portion arid center of the Suis- sons Hhenus salient over a double trout totalling nearly 20 miles, have occupied a high ridge southeast of Soissons which dominates thu whole center and western part of the pocket. Starting at daybreak yesterday the allies fought their way forward all day and at some points battled through tile mgni ami were sun urnuig mo Germans before them today. The principal allied attack was made . r.f A,,t 111 milfia hit'0rn "ill a Hunt uu nui " Hartennes and FcrcEn-Tardenois. Progress was made on this whole sec tor but the allies overcame tho enemy resistance in about half of the front and surged forward three miles, cap turing the watershed between the Ourcq and the Aisne on which the Crise rises. Southeast of Fere-En-Tardenois Ameri cans and i rench atacKing Detwcen cringes ami v tilers-Agron capture. Goussancoiirt, north of Meuniere wood and pushed farther north of Cierges, They also took Bomplery. P'nardy Front British troops made :a successful raid north of Aiix'rt- -uer- mnn artillery was active south of the Bomiiie. t L-l.l.. V.,..,- (.;.. ..rU n-nn Inln .il"1 - ".- in a British raid near Fesiuhert. Hos- Whs W) Oregon: ' Tonight and Sat urday fair; gentle westerly winds. OX TRAINS AND NEWS (.'MW HVK fKVTH American Captured His Own Father With the American Ar mies in France,- Aug. 2. A doughboy, bringing in a squad of prisoners, was startled to find his own father among them. The young American doubted the German's identity - until enough confidential information was disclosed to convince, him the man was his father who had returned to German Poland sev eral years beforo and had been forced into the army. - The son immediately loosed a tirade of good advice against te ing a German. Then he threw his arm about his father's shoulder and promised him the 'best in the house." ' All roads behind the American lines arc thickly dotted with vehicles' carry--ing quantities of German ammunition and supplies. Much of it is uncounted, owing to all Mention being conterod on the advance. In numbers of canes Am- : uricans are now using German machine guns. . ' Somo of the prisoners brought in yes terday and last night are extremely young. Several are above the averaga intelligence. AU repeat the substancu of one's remark "only the German ru lers expect to win; we don't cam wh governs, so long as the war ends. Tood is so scarce and the people are sic unit suffering." " -v : ' ' ' A group of prisoners from a new unit ' said the Germans are not attenniptiug; to erect any permanent defense tnts side of tho old Fismos line. Along the Ourcq, whro the American right wing was in action, it was reported that many Germans wor0 found chained to their machine guns. Tho bochos attempted to utilize an aero circus to hamper American infantry, but out "Archies" put up an effective barrage. On the othor hand, prisoners tell of tins . havoc wrouglit by our airplanos iu straf ing their troops. Twenty-five doughboys rescued the civilians of Sergy who hailed the Am ericans as saviors when the latter di vided their mengro pack 0f rarions, the first food the French villagers had had iu davs. . ' Far in the rear yesterday, while on my wav to the front lines, I saw a pretty picture of Chateau-Thierry. Refugees were still returning to their ruined homes, and men, women, children and bubies were eating doughboys' food rolling kitchens. But in contrast to this picture were the hundreds of graves ull about, with earth roughly heaped above and a hel met atop. The fallen men's names are stencilled on the crosses above the Am erican graves; the Germans are marked only by boche-helmets. tile artillery bombarded British posi tioiis south of Yprcs, north of Bethniu und east of Hazcbrouck, Russia WiMtcrn Siberia lias been practically cleared of the bolsheviki torces and in eastern Siberia they hold only Irkutsk. "Hetman" Skorpoduski informed the kaiser he would bo able to put down the revolt in Ukraine without we am 0j German troops m L.. u iy 11 1 f flVSICallV I1SD1U I For Ordnance Work Washington, Aug. 2. In order to swell the ranks of America's army, tho ordnance department here today issued an order restricting service in the ord nance department to men who are phys ically disqualified for active military .-.; ... ..,., . , wlll no longer ue euiisieu ur iiiii, the ordnance department in Washington or al the various ordnance depots. Snclj men now on duty ut headquarters and depots, with the exception of those nected with ars"iials and proving- grounds, will relieve for actUe field dutv overseas, where they will supply ami'niuiition mid fighting equipment for the army.