Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 1, 1918)
I y ' ' " J s t " ' m
- ' - " - -
and Friday, sliow
except near the
coast ;gent!e soctk
HELP THE Ni
(23,000 HEADERS) DAILY
Only Circulation In Salem Guar
anteed 1)7 the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS BEBVIOB
i,, 'l :ti 1 id ;:it f
ON TRAINS AND NEW!
STANDS FIVB CENTS
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 181.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 1,1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
v. ..v JiiJLlJll)
mix IU UUL U UL
Cermans Are Now Using Heavy ArtiDery In Attempt To
Stem Advance-Attempt To Surprise Allies At Various
Points In Order To Feel Out Lines-New German Army
Under General Yon Eben Has Been Thrown Into Soissons
Rheims Pocket According To Today's Advices. '
By John De Gandt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, Aug. 1. New advances by the Americans and
French were reported over a
Soissons battle front todav.
The allies went forward
tween Olchy-Le- Chateau and Fere-En-Tardenois. m the
Arcy wood district near Cierges, and made fairly consid
erable progress toward the Rheims road in the neighbor
hood of Bligny.
South of the Courmont-Fismes road the Americans
hurled back the Germans into the woods near Gousson
court. On the right flank of the salient the Americans are
making progress toward the Ardre valley, in the region
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With The French Armies In the Field, Aug. 1. Gen
eral Mangin's army attacked between Fere-En-Tardenois
and Plessier-Huleu this morning (a front of nearly 10
miles), taking Hill 205, east,of Grand Rozoy, from where
Fismes is visible, and capturing Cramorselle (four miles
northwest of Fere-En-Tardenois). At the hour of cab
ling the attack was still progressing.
Other troops took Meuinere wood in the salient south
east of Cierges. .
Throughout the French front the Germans are again
using the artillery heavily, especially in the neighborhood
of Rheims and Montdidier. xney also unsuccessiuuy at
tempted surprise attacks along the right bank of the
(Verdun front) and the Chaume wood, seeking to feel
out the allied front. " 1
(I S-, i , ' '
Loudon, Aug. 1. For the first time
this year the allies' fresh reserves are
now stronger numerically than those of
the Germans, although the German ar
mies as a whole are still stronger in
numbers, it was learned today.
London, Aug. 1. (3:45 p. m.) A new
German army, under General Von Eben,
Thousands of Germans
Washington, Aug. 1. Americans had
taken about 800 German prisoner pre
vious to the present drive, according
to information at the war department
- today. i
How many we have as a result of
the present offensive is unknown, as
tabling of constant prisoner reports
has been superseded by mail or courier
Several thousand must be in Ameri
can hands, however.
GBOVEB, CLEVELAND'S SON
' PRIVATE IN TJ. a MARINE
New York, Aug. 1. Richard Fol
som Cleveland, has enlisted in the ma-
Tine corps as a private. Announcement
of the Princeton student's enlistment
comes from Dr. Thomas J. Preston, Jr.
who married Mrs. Cleveland a few
Tears after the former president's
death. Both Dr. and Mrs. Preston have
been active in war work with the Na
tional Security league.
TEN - MILE FRONT
HACK THIS MORNING
large part of the Kheims
in the Saponay region be
has been thrown Into the Soissons-Rhlem
pocket, it was learned this afternoon.
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The. Americans In France Aug.
. (Noon.) The Germans in an affort
to hold their present line are reported
to be attmeptaing to dig in. These op
orations are being greatly harried by
the allied artillery.
The enemy has undertaken no infant
ry action since yestcraay axwrnoon
their artillery fire is lighter and their
aerial activity is lessening.
A boche force, attempting a consolida
tion of shell holes in the outskirts of
Scringes, was wiped out by American
The American artillery continues to
batter the German machine guns. In
tense hand to hand fighting is reported
in the wooded region where the Ameri
cans are attacking.
A German airplane which was straf
ing American infantry was brought to
earth and its pilot and observer capt
ured. American troops struck again last
night at the apex of the allied advance
on the lower portion of the Soissons
Rheims salient, storming the heights be
tween Seringes and Sergy. They gained
The doughboys drove forward behind
an American-made smoke cloud. They
were preceded by a series of heavy holl
The advance was made possible by an
allied attack in the sector directly east
of the Americans, which cleared out a
small German pocket.
IN BOMB RAIDS
Air Ministry Reports Loss Of
Seven Machines During
London, Aug. 1. Destruction of sev-
en British airplanes in bitter fighting
while on bombing expeditions was re
ported to day by the British air minist
ry, which stated that only one German
machines was shot down in these com
bats. Sixteen other German planes, howev
er, were destroyed, one of them by in
fantry fire, while the additional British
losses amounted to only six. One Ger
man plane was reported driven down
out of control. The communique was as
"On July 30th haze- and ground niist
again interfered with observation but
novorthelo38 a large number of success
ful photographs were taken by us and
over eleven tons of bombs dropped on
enemy sidings and dumps.
"Enemy -.machines were encountered
fifteen boing brought down and six driv
en down put of control, Six, of our ma
chines are missing.
"During the night three and a naif
tons of bombs were dropped by us
without loss. In addition to those al
ready reported, a hostile machine was
shot down by infantry fire on the 29th.
'In addition to attacks already re
ported, on the thirtieth the station at
Lahr was bombed.
"On the night of the 30-31st our air
planes again proceeded to Stuttgart and
dropped nearly, two tons of bombs on the
Bosch magneto works and the Daimler
works and the railway station. A fire
broke out in the station. Several bombs
were dropped on (he Hagnau station and
railroad tracts, causing . a heavy ex
"Eemilly junction and two hostile
(Continued on page four)
FOCH IS CAUTIOUS
IN HIS ADVANCE
Kaiser Has Been Forced At
Last to Acknowledge Am
ericanStrength By J. W. T. Mason,
United Press War Expert.
New York, Aug. 1. General Foch's
cautious tactics are again being brought
into play north of the Ourcq. The in
tense eagerness of the Americans is
once more held in check and it is ap
parent that Von Hindonburg will not
succeed in atempting General Foch to
develop an inopportune offensive be
fore America is ready.
There is no longer reason to doubt
that the extraordinary valor and effi
ciency of the American troops is becom
ing generally known throughout Ger
many. Despite the efforts of the Ber
lin war office to conceal the participa
tion of the Americans in the present
fighting the news has spread among
the kaiser's subjects. This is the rca-
(Continued on page three)
Every Man To Colors
The Hague, Aug. 1 Germany
is calling up every man that
dan bo spared, according )to
information obtained from that
icountry through various sourc
es. Of two hundred thousand
employes at -Krupps between
30,000 and 40,000 are said to
have been called to the colors.
German press comment on the
west front defeat continues to
be dictated by officialdom.
"Foch' 'break (through'
theory has not yet been real
ized," the Tageblatt says.
"One is justified in speaking
of German success.".
LOOM ONCE IRE
Assassination Of General Yon
Eichorn Brings Forth
Angry Comment "
Amsterdam, Ang. 1 General Von
f alkenhausen, governor general of Bel
gium, has been summoned to imperial
headquarters by the kaiser, it was learn
ed today... It is probable that this indi
cates he will be appointed to succeed the
late General Von Eichorn at Kieff.
London, Aug. 1. Assassination of
Field Marshal Von Eichorn, morning
newspapers believe, means a renewed
awakening in Russia against German ty
The Daily Express declares:
"It is just a wisp of the heavy storm
clouds that are gathering in Russia
against the Gormans."
The Graphic statesr
"It is an unmistakable sign -that the
Russians are not prepared to indefi
nitely endure the tyranny imposed with
the aid of tho bolshviki."
The Chronicle believes the assa3sinai
tion resulted from the misery and dis
content which are felt by tho largest
social class in Russia.
The German press is seizing upon the
assassination as the spark which will set
ablase again the feeling for a renewed
war against Rus3ia. Newspapers say an
ti-bolshevik elements committed the
deed ar.d charge that the entente's hand
can be seen. Thoy declare tho bolstio
vik government is tottering.
Tho annexationist press, led by Count
Von Eevontlow, is demanding venge
ance, declaring British agents ar,e re
Vorwaerts says: '
"The deed will lead fo -complications
with the bolshvik. We fear peace with
Russia will still give us much trouble.'
Tho Lokal Anwiger comments:
"The same elements which wore re
sponsible for Amwtssador Von Mit
bach's death may be attributed with
Von Eichorn 's assassination. It may,
(Continued on page four)
RESER VES ARE HELD
INTACT BY ALLIES
IN PRESENT FIG HI
French General De Goutte Pays High Tribute To Fighting
Qualities of Americans-Says Allied Reserves Not Called
Upon While Hindenburg Is Forced To Use His In Order
To Stem Attack-Yankees Have Advanced Nearly Eight
een lies Since Beginning Of Offensive.
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The American Armies In Franco
July 31. (Night.) Paying high tribute
to the Americans fighting between the
Ourcq and the Marne, General De
Goutte, commander of the 1 ronch army
in this region, declared that tho offen
sive is beinjf carried out in such a man
ner as to spare allied reserves.
The general, who roccived the Ameri
can correspondents at his headquarters,
said the Americans had fought and are
now fighting admirably and that he is
proud to command such troops. He saul
he used the Americans tne same as no
)SVHHK STOCK v V
I Dudley Moots has given up his trip
't Tippecanoe Lake an' 'H go t' Camp
.Tavlor instead. Even young onions
don't like some folks.
BILL FOR AIRCRAFT
Indiana Senator Believes He
Has Found Solution Of
Vexatious Problem ,
Washington, Aug. 1. Senator New of
Indiana, member of the committee in
vestigating the aircraft situation, today
introduced a bill providing for creation
of an executive department of the gov
ernment to be known ns the Department
The bill further provides that the
head of th department shall be a mem
ber of the cabinet and have the title
of secretary of aeronautics with a sal
ary of $12,000 a year. The secretary
shall hav9 complete control of all mat
ters peftaimng to the designing, pur
chase, manufacture, producing of air
craft and equipment for the use of. the
army, navy and marine corps. Att as
sistant secretary, who shall receive $a
000, and such other employes as may be
necessary, also are authorized.
"I am satisfied," said tcw, "tins is
tho solution of the aircraft difficulty
and it is borrue out by the opinions of
every army olficer of high command
and every member of the aircraft board,
both of the old and new regimes. The
bill is based on the testimony of those
appearing before the committee.
Big Semi-Pro Ball
League Is Planned
Cleveland, Aug. 1. A big semi-pro
baseball league is now planned to re
nlaee temporarily tho big leagues. It
has tho backing of tho war department
and is being boosted by the National
Tentative plans call for two teams
for each city. Tho games will be played
in professional ptjrks Saturdays and
Sundays. The league is to include Oleve
land, Cincinnati, ' Pirtaburgj Detroia,
Toledo, Chicago, St. Louis and Louis
ville. Akron also may be included.
A meoHng is called for Cleveland,
September 15 to take up the plan.
did the French troops, a fact of highest
importance to the allies.
Tho Germans, ho said, aro endeavor
ing to destroy allied reserves beforo Am
erica is able to throw a serious weight
into tho battle, but with American as
sistance, movements which have com
pletely upset Hindenburg 's plans for a
drivo on Paris are being carried out
solely with, troops already in the line.
In the meantime, Hindenburg is being
forced to throw German reserves di
visions into the line to check the Franco-
American push. It is estimated that at
least nine divisions (108,000 men) havel
been withdrawn from other parts of the.1
front and between Soissons and Rhiems.i
Standing before a great map, Generul i
Du Goutte explained apparent Gorman;
plan of the last Marne attack, which I
was to widen the front south of tha
river, thus preparing a wider avenue for
the advance upon Paris. French and
Americans prevented a serious advance
beyond thc Marne, then completely
scrambled Hindenburg 's plans by coun
ter attacking ' between Hoissons and
Chateau-Thierry. German resistance
has stiffened north of the Ourcq and
bitter fighting is under way on the pla
teau in that region. In Menmerc wood
(southeast of Cierges) the bochos held
strong positions which were difficult
to take by direct attack. Thc effort
since crossing the Ourcq has been to
squeeze them out of thero by flanking
The Franco-American troops have ad
vanced thirty kilometers (18 3-4 miles
since the start of the counter offen-
Greek Army Ready
To Fight With Allies
London, Aug. I. A Greek ar
my of 150,000 Is ready to take
the field, according to a dispatch
received from Raloniki this af
ternoon. Four divisions are be
OF YANKEE TROOPS
IN SPITE OF NUMBER
FROM STATE PRISON
Five Of Most Desperate Crim
inals Are Now At Large
With three more convicts escaping
from the state penitentiary last night,
making five to get awav this week
and four others who attempted to get
away but were caught, the prison offi
cials are today taking extra precautions
to hold the prisoners who are still on
The privilege of going outside the'
prison yard has been withdrawn from
eoine of the trustees, while greater
vigilance is being exercised over the
other convicts inside the walls. James
Carroll, Herbert Merithcw, Jack Mono
han and Frank Smith, the four who
were caught as they were escaping Tuos-
day night, aro contined in tho prison
"bull pen" whero they can be closely
The three who escaped last nigh
were trusties! They were:
James Kelly, serving a term of two
to five years for burglary committed
in Multnomah county, lie had also
served time in California and New York
C. D. Jones, sent up from Hood River
for two to five years for burglary.
This is the second time ho has oscuped.
He esAipcd before whilo employed in
flax mills. He was recaptured at Med-
fiord, whore an automobile he had sto
len broke down. ,
JI. Armstrong, who was j-.oiniuitted
from Lano eounLy for (larceny. He
was received in 11108 with a sontonco
of ono to seven years. Ho was paroled
and went to California, where ho was
convicted or another crimo ami sont to
San Quenten. When he was released
from there he was returned to tho
Oregon penitentiary. .
Jones and Kelly were employed in
the dining room of tho guards' quar
ters, which are outside the prison walls,
and Armstrong also was outaido the
walls. ' Jones and Kelly woro white
waiters' clothes, but these they soon
discarded as they were found today
a few hundred yards southeast of the
prison. That they filled thoir shoes
with red pepper is also 'indicated by
tho fact that the prison bloodhounds,
which were following the trail about
midnight, run into red pepper.
Warden Murphy is personally lead
ing the posse which is on the trail of
the three. It is believed thoy aro mak
ing their way Houth. ,
The hunt for Bennett Thompson and
Fred Thurbor, who escaped Monday
night, is being conducted by Major
Diech of the stuto police and Sheriff
Hulburt of Multnomah county- No ro
port'was received at the prison this
forenoon from them. ,
Amsterdam, Aug. 1. Germany has re
plied favorably to the American invita
tion for a conference regarding cx
chaugr. of military and civil prisoners
according to dispatches today from
"From Over. There"
General Pershing's Ufficial Report
Washington. Aug. 1. Genernl Vef
shing's casualty list today still failed
to reflect the certain heavy losses of
tho SoLssns-Kheinis fighting of the
lust week, and only 120 names were re
ported. They were divided as follows:
Killed in action 12; died of wounds
23: died of disease 11: died of aero
plane accident 2; died of accident and
other causes 5; wounded severely 61;
wounded, degree undetermined, 2; miss
ing in action 3; prisoner 1.
Killed in Action
Lieutenants W. C. Biasctt, Newborn,
W. Wallrich, Shawnee, Wis.
Corporals G.- V Reese, Mahony City,
J. C. St. Lawrence, South Braintree,
Wagoner E. Zlndler, Oshkosh, Wis.
J. L. Dalbey, Philadelphia, Pa.
G. D'Avolio, Chicago
A. A. Drummond, Portugal.
D. Gcceleak, South River, N. J.
H. E. Little, Maiden, Mass.
R. W. Shirley, Fryeburg, Maine
A. Smith, Millville, N. J.
Died of Wounds
Major C. W. Williams, Earner, Ala,
T. R- Bradley, Waxahachie, Texas
W. W. Craig, New Bethlehem, Pft.
H. Haddix, Evenwood, W. Va.
Exhorts His Annies to Fight
On And Expresses FailS
Amsterdam, Aug. 1. The American
armies' numerical superiority does, not
frighten us," thc kaiser declared in
proclamation addressed to the German
army and navy today.
"Despite the efforts of the world's
greatest naval powers, our U-boats euro
tf success, are attacking the vital liu'eca
which are streaming across the ecu to
the aid of our euemies."
The text of the proclamation, so far as
'Seiious years of tho war lio behind
you. Jn the first voar your victorious-
spirit earned the war into the enemy 'a
country, preserving tho homo lunQ from .
its horrui's and devastation. In tho sec
ond and third years of the war yon
broke the strength. of the enemy in tho
east. Moanv;;iiie your comrades in tiio
west fiffered a bravo and victorious
trout to enormously superior forces. -"As
the fruit of those victories tho
fourth year of tho war has brought up
peace in the east. In the west thc ene
my was l.iaviiy iat by the force of
your attack. Ths battles won in reconfc
months aro among tho highest deeds of
fame in G-vmrai history,
' ' Vou aio in tno midst of the hardest
Struggle. The desperate efforts of the
enemy will lo foiled, as heretofore, by
your bravery, I aud with me the en
tire fatlierlufid, am certain of this.
"Tho American armies' numerical su-'
poriority does not frighten us. It Is the
spirit which brings decision, ns well as
the course the campaign has hitherto
taken. Despito the efforts of the world 's
greatost naval powers, our U-boats, sure
of success, are attacking tho vital forces
which are. streaming across the sea to
the aid of our enemies.
"We mjist, and shall continue to
fight' until the enemy's will to des
truction is broken. 'We will make every
aacnfico to attain that ond." i
Los Angeles, Aug 1. Two followers
of Pastor Russell today were sentenc
ed to three years in federal peniten
tiary and one to two years, as a re
sult of their conviction of charges of
circulating the "Finished Mystery".
Tho sentences were:
Mrs. J. Emma Martin, three years
at Canyon City, Colo., penitentiary.
Edward Ilnnun, three years at Mc
Neill's Islund penitentiary.
E. J. Sonuenburg, two years at Mc
Neill's Island penitentiary.
All are of San Bernardino.
Judgo Tripplett, in passing sentence
declared "The Finished Mystery" is ;
"camouflaged German propaganda,'
and quoted the Bible lo refute the
claim of the defendants that the Biblo
POWDER BLOWS UP.
Philadelphia, Aug. 1. More than 300,
000 pounds of cannon powder were
blown up early today when fire des
troyed one of thc storago housccs of tha
Du Pont Towdor company at Carney's
Point, New Jersey. None were injured.
Tho firo was caused by a spark from
E. E. Haglcr, Springfield, 111.
J. W. Unnberry, Pittsburg, Kans,
H. R. Huston, Dcering, N. D. -
W. E. Leconte, Atlanta, Ga.
A. T. McAllister, Boonvillo, Mo.
O. B. McCoy, District of Columbia-
L. F. Koemer, Philadelphia
H, C. Waggett, Everett, Mass.
Sergeants G. B. Coonce, Evansvillo,
W. T. Mann, Plains, Pa.
C. M. Sullivan, Sparta, Wis.
Corporals P. E. Mason, Sioux Falls,
R. W. Watson, Fon du Lac, Wis. .
J. W. Fondren, Coleman, Texas
P. D. Kelley, Milton Junction, Wis.
!F. Mattern, Mobridge, S. D. and Ab
erdeen, S. D.
G. Polaio, Italy.
L. Shoemaker, Alviu, 111.
' M. A. Straub, Herndon, Pa
Died of Disease
Captain J. D. Irving, New York .
Lieutenant M. J. Trook, Milwiiike0t
Sergeant H, P. Keith, Filliam, Mo.
T. H. AgaT, Kilduff, Iowa ' "
L. Bird, Mattern, Ga.
E. C. Case, Churchill, N. Y.
L, Cotyi Worcester, Mass.
(Coatinuca on. rg three)