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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 30, 1918)
Editorial Page ot The CapitaUourna,
CHARLES H. ITS HIS
llitor ud PablUker
TUESDAY ETE p NG
July 30, 1913 -
PUBLISHED BVEBT EVENING IXCEPT BtTNDAT, SiXEiL OBC03, BI
Capital Journal -Pig. Co., line.
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Audit Bureau of t'lrcalatlona.
- GERMAN "PUNCH" WEAKENING.
1 "The German armies will never again be able to drive
forward with the punch they carried when they opened
their series of drives last March." This is the statement
cabled yesterday from the French front by William Philip
Simms, by far the keenest analyzer of war conditions of
all the war correspondents. He has followed the war
from its inception, and his statements have been the most
invariably reliable and borne out by results of all the
splendid force of war correspondents. Coming from him
the statement is worth more' than passing notice, for
judged by his previous predictions he is probaily correct.
On top of his statement letters taken from German pris
oners indicate a weakening of morale, and an ever-increasing
respect for, and fear of the American soldiers.
German officers may deceive the tolks at home as to tne
number pf Americans taking part, and of their capabil
ities as fighting men, but they cannot deceive the German
.soldiers who have been up against them. They know, and
will take the evidence of their own experiences rather
than the word of their officers. Another cheering thing
about the situation is the deliberate lying the leaders are
doing to the German people about the results of the bat
tle. Seemingly they dare not let the people at home know
of the disaster that has overtaken them. In place of the
promised victory and a German-made peace the situation
shows a disastrous defeat and all hope of a German-made
peace vanished. The German people have borne much
and made tremendous sacrifices, depending on the prom
ises of the military leaders that peace was coming and
hat by sticking and sacrificing still more, the tremendous
debt piled on to them would be met by indemnities. That
is one reason the "peace without indemnities or annex
ations" was always frowned down by the militarists.
They knew that with this policy agreed on, the people
would become hopeless. Without indemnities the German
people have a burden of debt piled on them which it seems
impossible fdr them to carry. It will be especially hard
since the countrv has lost its trade, and with it the re
spect and confidence of the balance of the civilized world,
and it will be years after the war ends beiore Germany
can again take her place in the sun. Her debt is now
placed at above thirty billions of dollars which even under
her most favorable conditions of commercial intercourse
is more than a debt of ninety billions would be to this
country, and equal under her present condition, under
which her ability to pay is sadly reduced, to perhaps $150,
090,000,000. To meet the interest on her debts and carry
on the government will require that she raise more than
mix billions of dollars yearly, or as n uch almost as it has
cost her to carry on the war. No wonder the leaders
hesitate about letting the people know what they are
up against, and that the kaiser still rants of "me unt
Gott" and his "shining sword." It is high sounding, but
it will not pay debts, and whatever else may happen, when
the war ends the German people will pay as far as it is
possible to pay their debt to the kaiser and the militar
Hoover has raised the ban on hotels, restaurants and.
clubs using of wheat products, the order to go in effect
Thursday. This is simply a release lram the pledge made
by these not to use wheat products until harvest. The
order however does not permit' the use of wheat flour
alone but simply permits the useof victory bread. In his
order Mr. Hoover congratulates the proprietors on their
patriotism and shows that by their action there had been
effected between October 1, 1917, and August 1, 1918, a
saving of around 200,000,000 pounds of wheat, or nearly
three and a half millions of bushels.. He estimates the
saving in meats during the same time at'75,000 tons, and
of sugar at 50,000,000 pounds. At the same time he points
out the necessity of continuing food conservation as a
matter of safety, if nothing else until the war is over. As
Americans have formed the habit, it will come much eas
ier from this on. Not only this, but the conservation will
become greater, for there is still room for greater savings.
By JAKE PHELPS
'Two things are pretty well settled about the fighting
on the Soissons-Marne salient. The pocket is practically
eliminated, and the Germans have withdrawn most of
their men to a point where danger of being cut off is re
duced to a minimum; and the allies' offensive has forced
a retreat that will not stop short of the Vesle river. This
will make the German line of defense practically a
straight line from Soissons to Rheims. This will probably
be the new front unless the retreat reaches the Aisne,
and the line where the allied advance will be halted tem
porarily at least. While the gain in territory makes the
situation at Paris safe, its greatest effect will be the dis
heartening of the German people. They had been prom
ised this last offensive would bring victory and with it
peace. Instead it has brought disastrous defeat and plac
ed a German-made peace among the impossibilities. This
is what worries the kaiser and the miltiarists.
The controller of the B ritish air equipment says
America must make a special department of its air activi
ties. He also says a sereis of air raids over German cities
should be undertaken, and believes it feasible to bombard
Berlin when the new big machines are ready. It looks as
though, to keep in accord with the eternal fintess of things
that the German capital should be made to feel the im
mediate effects of war, and should be given a working
sample of what it has so generously prescribed for others.
The allies have wisely refrained from attacking unarmed
enemies,-but forbearance ceases to be a virtue when it
awakens no spark of gratitude or reciprocity in the hearts
of the enemy. In killing a snake anything that will ac
complish the object is good enough, and it is not neces
sary to allow the snake to bite more than once before
adopting any means that will stop him or. remove his
The bootblacks in San Francisco who recently raised
the price of a shine from 10 to 15 cents have discovered
they haVe outguessed themselves. The public refused to
stand for a fifty per cent raise, and the patronage fell off
to such an extent that the "shiners" concluded there was
more money in it for them at the old rate, which went into
effect again yesterday. They will find, however, that
many of their customers have purchased brushes and
blacking and now that they have turned to shining their
own shoes, and have the outfit, that many of them will not
return to the old ways, and so they have lost patronage
as the sole result of their combination, which in this case
j proved to be "in restriction of trade."
The strike situation in England is clearing, owing to
the order of Lloyd George that men must work or fight.
When it came to a choice of thi3 kind somehow wages
did not seem so small, or conditions such "that sen-ice in
the trenches would be preferable. Much depends on the
angle from which a fellow views a situation or problem.
. Whatever else may be said of the German militarists,
they have certainly shown fine generalship in most of
their work, and especially in extricating their armies from
the dangerous pocket between Soissons and Rheima. They
have lost heavily in men, but the retreat has been conduct
ed in a masterly manner.
"The crown prince is retreating hurriedly" says the
'dispatches yesterday. This is contrary to. the usual order
of things at least as the Germans report them. Hereto
fore the crown prince advanced but some of his generals
had to do the retreating.
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
ALL THE THIRD LIBERTY BONDS ARE NOW
: THOSE INTERESTED TLEASE CALL
- - AT THE BANK
Fere-En-Tardenois, the great German supply depot
which at the beginning of the allied offensive was almost
in the center of the pocket, has been captured. This will
hasten the German retreat, and bring an end to the pres
ent great battle.
by Walt Mason
Jim Jimpson stopped his touring car, and let the mo
tor run, while handing out, with face ajar, some facts
about the Hun. He pushed hot language from his throat
for minutes seventeen ami all the time his idle boat was
burning gasoline. A million cars thus wasteful stand, as
we proceed to press; the gas thus burned, throughout the
iana, wouia maKe a lake, i guess. Ere long methinks that
Uncle Sam will shut off the supply, and then, from York
to Yuba Dam we'll cuss the wasteful guy. I see men
slacking every day, unconscious that they slack; Jinks
throws a pair of shoes away, because one has a crack.
Bilks squanders money where he sups, but has no ill in
tents; Jones feeds a string of useless duds, not worth
eleven cents. Crips buys more garments than he needs,
and gorgeously he's drest; Crump blows himself for Cu
ban weeds, when twofers would be best. We all should
save in every style, to swat those Teuton scamps; . and
when we have a little pile, invest in bonds or stamps.
A PLEASANT SURPRISE.
The morning mail was, as usual,. laid
beside George's plate at breakfast.
He glanced thru it. then tossed one
thick envelope over to me.
"An invitation to something," he
remarked as he picked np the morn
"Why it is! look!" I handed it
to him. "It isn't an invitation; it's
an announcement. Julia Collins mar
ried that Chicago mau vesterdav."
"Sensible girl, not to have any fusi
over it," he said as he took the en
graved aheet from me- "So many wid
ows aren't satisfied unless they go
thru the same performance, the Becoad
time they are. married, that they did
the first- But Julia always had per
fect taste in all such things. I hope
she will be happy with this chap. She
wasn't happy with Collins. He was
' ' Perhaps that was what mado her
so cynical at times?" I said, ready to
make excuses for her, now that I no
lonucr feared her.
"I shouldn't wonder. I sec they
are going to live ia Chieago."
"Ves Madge Loring will miss her
dreadfully. They are inseparable."
"She will ho missed all round,"
then, "I wish you liked Airs. Loring
better, Helen. She is a eharning
woman, amfc would be company for you,
I feel that you are too much alono
for one so young. Mis. Reeves can 't
bo with you all the time."
HELEX MAKES A PROMISE.
"I know she can't, a!tho I should
tike to have her- She is go sweet,
George, when you know her well, and
so sensible. She talks almost like Mis.
Sexton, at times. But I will trv to
like Mrs. Loring; I expect I disliked
her (principally because she knew more
than I did."
"ThrJt's a Ibra-As thing to sav."
George looked up quickly, "not many
women ' would aeKnowiedge it,
"Mot many women are Georgo How
ard's wiifc," I laughed, to hide my
pleasure in his remark.
"I hope not! I'm not at all inclined
to polygamy. But I am in earnest
about Madge Loring. If you learn to
know her. you will like her."
So Mrs. Sexton told me. By the
way, Georgtf, she is very ill. Sha thinks
she is .going to die."
"She has been ill for years. Shotts
tho .bravest soul 1 know. I imagine,
Helen, that when you first met her,
as well as others of our set, that you
thought, because they were society
people charming hostesses past .mas
ters in tho art of pleasing that they
wero soulless. A woman docs not ne
cessarily lack the other virtues becauso
sho is bom to a social position which
repuires that she be taotful and at
tractive! altho that seems to be tho
opinron of a good miany people," he
stopped a moment, then, "I am sorry
albout Mrs. Sexton. I will order some
flowers sent to her no, I will send
them bore, and you take the car and
go over with them- Sho will appre
ciate the attention, even tho she may
be too ill to see. you. I will drop her
a note from the office."
George was always that way. Ho
always did the nice thing. I must
learn to be as thoughtful as he, I
thought, as I watched him from the
A WEDDIXG GIFT.
"Shall wo send Mrs. Colins a gift?"
I asked George, that night, at dinner.
life. What shall we send!
It was very unusual for HIM to
defer to ME. Generally he did what
he thpught best about things.
"I saw a wonderful ovul mirror in
Harrington's, yesterday. I never saw
a lovelier thing. It was expensivO)
but not too much so for you to give
her, under the circumstances. " (I
could afford to ie generous; sho was
to live in Chicago!)
"One hundred and fifty dollars- But
it was exquisite."
"I'll look at it in the morning. If
I like it, we won't look further."
'It was the constaut recurrence of
little things like this, that made me
happier than I ever had been since I
maried George- .Ho was 'beginning
to treat me more as an equal, instead
of as a child wlp needed either teach
ing or punishment. Qf course, it was
n't all sunshine, even now. But the
clouds wero lighter were more easily
brushed aside with the passing of time
- George looked at the mirror and
telephoned that he liked it immensely,
and asked nie to see that it was sent,
with a card enclosed. I was delighted
that he approved my taste. But it
was a' really lovely thing, and I hud
been sure he would like it.
Madge Loring came into the store,
while I was attending to it, and was
so nice that I took her home in the car,
I wws determined, now, .to make my
husband's friends MY friends, if it
"This is very good of you," Mrs.
Loring sajid as we rode along, "I had
expected to walk home." i
"It is good of you to allow me to
set yon down," I returned, then, be
fore we separated, we made an en
gagement to lunch together the next
"TOMORROW A LONG TALK.
STORY OF 3 BRIDGES
(ContinueffYrom page one)
I county's proportion for the construc
tion of tho new steel bridge across the
Willamette at Salem. Oouuuiasiuimri
WelU un.l Bmdcett recently he4A a iwn.
Senator Mitchell introduced a Difference with reference to 'the propos
in Congress that camo near stopping , e& bridge with the Marioa county eourt
the .building of the bridge as United anj annouaced thenise4vw as being far
States engineers had a lot of require-, gjg to putting the required, aaiount
nients that might have delayed - the j jn tue Gadget next Ieeember.
work. However, while the engineers j Marion county authorities are anx
were making inquiries, the work of,;,,,, Saleui Commercial club urges
building was going on and when the j bridge. Observer Oct- .12, l&la.
engineers finally did arrive, they were I Bridgo ghost bobs up! -Inter-county
convinced that toats could go around I structure is nnder discussion. Marioa
the Polk county end in case of high ,.ttunty court would have 30 foot road
water. Tho first bridge was all wood waV- 'p0 cuuuty favors (?) a heavier
excepting connecting rods. structure to accommodate a street car
becona nnago. .... k to Wst SaL,, Observer. Nom
ine nrsi o
floods of ear
bridge went out in the big j jg 2915.
irlv February, 1890. At a I Talk hriil
moeting of the fitv eouncil held-terj.
1, 1890 mention was ntade of the need
of a bridge and on March 20, 1890 the
council voted to issue bonds for $20,000
in payment of its share in the building
of the second ibridge.
An election wa called for March
31, 1890 in which the people were
asked to vote for or against the issu
ing of $20,000. The vote stood 582 in
favor of the bonds and 31 against.
At the (February term of the county
court a committee consisting -of A.
Bush, W. H. Bynrs and P. H. D' Arcy
was appointed to secure an estimate
for the rebuilding of the gocond bridge.
At the March, 1890 term of tho
court, tho county agreed to pay $10,000
for a new bridge providing Polk county
would pay a like amount and the city
of Salem tho balance, provided the
ibridgo did not eost more than $10,000.
If it cost more, each of the three con
tracting parties was to pay an equal
amount of the excess.
At tho May term, 1890, of the county
court there seemed to be an agreement
that if the bridge east $00,000 that
Marion and Polk counties . and Sacm
would each pay $20,000. A bid of
$47,000 wus accepted but the expense
was soon run up to $59,557.87. And
before tho bridge was finally com
pleted, with all sorts of trouble and
charges and counter charges, the sec
ond bridge cost a total of $83,402.99.
And within a few mouths after its com
pletion, the county was spending money
keeping it in repairs.
The records of Marion county show
that Polk county onado two payments
on the 'bridge amounting to $14,608.40
The city of Salem paid $30,000 and it
seems the balance was up to Marion
The piers of this second bridge wero
hardly completed when they begnn to
sag and it was necessary to blow them
up and substitute an iron cylinder with
cement formation.- Prom the very be
ginning, when the central pier built on
tho McCoy plan showed signs of set
tling, trouble never enlded for this
brhlge. It Beqms to have been a hoo
doo from :the start. : - -.ji -a,
Viewers wero appointed from time to
timo and in a few years after comple
tion it was declared unsafe. " On the
west approach,.' $2095 was spent in
1902. In 1914 the Highway commission
under H. L. Bol'by declared it should be
replaced. Ia October of 1915. Howard
Holmes, an engineer of the Highway
commission after a careful examina
tion, declared the bridge had outlived
On Dec. 9, 1916, State Highway en
gineers agnin examined (he bridge and
declared, it unsafo and it was closed
for traffic Jan. 11, 1917 and remained
lospd unti after the state fair of 1917.
The Stato Highway commission at
the request of the county courts 01
Polh and Marion counties drew plans
for a low level bridge 111 191o- Iho
Muvion county court with Judge Bush
ey approved, but tho Polk county court
refused to consider.
On Dec- 9, 1910 again the two county
courts requested tho State Highway
IF YOU WANT TO BUY OR SEL SOMETHING, WHY
fflSPER IN A WELT-USE A JOURNAL WANT AD
crvniTniqinn in rncnmmend ft. uronfir t.VTJfl
I have known Julia all my 0f bridge. This timo the engineers rec
ommended a high level deck truss steel
bridge, at an estimated cost of $109,
000. JEarion county accepted in Jan
uary of 1917 but Polk county took no
Finally to secure some action, man
damus proceedings were brouglijt in
the Supremo Court to compel Polk coun
ty to build. Before the case was tried
Polk county agreed to the plans as sub
mitted, which is the new bridge, and
agreed to pay $41, 2i 0.79 and pay 30 per
cent of its maintenance.
Tho highway commission submitted
plans for a concrete bridge in 1914 at
the request of the counties but no ac
tion was taken. Caifornia engineers
wanted six per cent of the total cost
To the credit of the State Highway
commission, it may be said that it has
had full supervision of the new bridge,
without charging the county a dollar,
thus saving it from $12,000 to $15,000.
Thanks aro also duo the Highway com
mission H9 it was repeatedly consulted
on all bridge propositions and gave the
services of its engineers at all times.
L. W. Metzger, bridge designer for the
Commission and who assisted in the
drawing of the plans, has been on the
job of supervision. And for the past
five or six years, Judge W. M. Bushey
has been consorting the funds of the
county and when the Highway com
mission accepts the bridge and certifies
to the county court that the contracts
have been carried out, the bridge build
ers will be paid the last dollar that is
due on tho $250,000 Marion-Polk county
LADD OF CAMELLIAS AGAIN
GIVKS LVCK TOKENS TO DEPART
ING SOLDIERS In the Civil War, in
Richmond, Va.. a charming Southern
jelle bestowed camellias as a sort of
good luck token. During the war with
Spain, the daughter of that lady kept.wp
tlv tradition, and now, like her grand
mother in 'fit and her mother in 'SS,
'.ie third Lady of the Camellias, Ileph
aibah E. Kendrkk ia giving from that
same garden the old fashioned camellia
.at Richmond, Vs., the good luck flower
to the boyt of her town, ,
To the Editor: Some references and
statements from copies of the Polk
County Observer at hand. Date Dec. 1,
1914, drawinjrs filed today. Plan for
bridge over Willamette here. Specifi
cations for a bridge 32 feet wide, 6
foot walks and to eost $202,509. Marion
cour.tv can legally assume 2-3. Polk
county 1-3. Atty Gen. Crawford. Juno''
18. 1915: Again talking bridge, iakh
Banquas Ghost structure will not down.
It is probable that in the next county
budget will bo incorporated approxi
mately $70,000 with which to pay Tolk
lge to court. Self appointed
committee discusses plan, Patterson, .
Gibson and Parks, suggested plans, etc
etc. Should provide for ;the bridge ia
county budget. (It's still up ) Observ
er, Dec. 28, 1915.
Plans are submitted. Viewers inspect
di swings for proposed bridge. Cost of
structure according to estimates range
from $120430 to . $294510. Nineteem
plans were submitted. Nine bids were
submitted. This 1915 county budget did
provide for a bridge fund from which
there was paid into, this fund in Mai.
1910, $71200. Observer,-June 30, 1916.
Look tho Sunday loop to be popular
an auto trip of 128 miles. Portland
Journal June 23, 1910.
Interview of Hirshberg: In Polt
county we (,) have secured assistance
county we (f) have eceured assistance
fund) aud we are preparing to build
the road from Independence to the
Polk county line. Machinery is on the
ground. We have been trying to get a
main artery throilgh ' the valley for
years (Dr. Butler) and this is the best
routo ever proposed. Tho road will
touch the heart of tho valley (Inde
pendence), is not more than a i per
cent grade and is tho bIioi test route ob
tainable. This Toute is north to county,
line and to Dayton, Xewberg, etc. -
Observer editorial of above date.:
Object of loop the Sunday loop. To re
lieve the congestion on the Columbia
highway mpon which vast sums of
niuuey have -been and aro being expend
ed by povidiug a drive for the country
and common people with their Fords
from annoying the high ups.
Observer July 7. 1910:. Bridge plans
pleaso (while spending tho funds.) , En
gineers submit plans for inter-eounty
structure. Reinforced concrete high
level, 24 foot roadway and 5 foot walks
aro roquirements. Maximum cost com
plete j$245,000. Purcell & Clark con
Observer August 8, 1916: Money
flitting away. Inter-county bridge fund
gradually reduced. Marion county and
Sulem patiently awaiting aietion on the
part of Polk county -court. Bridge .ex
ports have pronounced present struc
ture dangerous to travel. Marion coun
ty and Salem prepared to meet their
portion of expense; but the dilemma
appears to be at this end where procras
tiuation has lurked. Levy for inter
county bridge made last January, Ag
Observer Jan. 2, 1917. Bridge not
safe now. State engineer makes report
at icourt's request. At budget meeting
Judgo Kirkpatrick told tax. payers it
was court's opinion that Salem bridge
be built in 1917 whether any other work
was done or not; Polk county's 1-3 (?)
of bridge cost must bo provided; 'tax
payers gave full consent.
Obscrvor Feb. 13, 1917: Houso bill
375 has passed; Judge Kirkpatrick said
the highway commission is antagonis
tic to Polk county. Those who know
Judgo Kirkpatrick know there will bo
110 bridge for years to come if tne
bill 'passes the senate. All sections of
Folk county, want (!) a concrete mter
Observer' Feb. IB, 1917: Bridge bill
may die. Polk lobbyists work to lull it
in committee. Judge Kirkpatrick, Wal
ter Toozo, Jr., and R. E. Williams (a
citizen of Multnomah county) have
been arguing and believe the bill will
not get through the senate.
Observer Uct. 19, 1917. Polk coun
ty court kaisered, as scrap of paper,
mter-countv bridge contract and agreed
to pay instead $41,700. Cost of bridge
doubled in increased .cost of material
becnuso of Polk county court s dolay.
My diary: On Wednesday Feb. 21,
1917, I was tefore the full county court ,
in the judge's office; talked Salem
bridgo with such interest that we all
remained over tho noon hour and until
just time to take the 2 p. m. motor for
Salem and without dinner. The judge
said that people of Polk-onnty who
would be benefitted by a bridge di
not pay 5 per cent of the county taxes;
that they don't need a bridge; they
could use a ferry. The judge would con
sider only a, high level concrete bridge.
I favored low level steel Structure; tut
plead for a bridge of any kind or
style, but give us a bridge, your kin
or any kind. But we must have a bridge
Com- Manson then spoke in positive
voice: "Yes they do need a bridge ant
ought: to have it; I am in favor of
building a bridge," and soon after his
expression all seemed to assent.
On Tuesday tt'eb. 27, 1917, the court
and Roadmaster Finn visited Independ
ence (Joe) On the following day I wa
with the court in county court cham
bers, and in' earnest discussion. The
judge still contended that the people
use a ferry; ho said "If we build a
bridge at Salem, we will build one at
Independence," (for Joe) And at clos
ing the conference, I standing confront
ing tne judge, iinn standing on my
left and the commissioners on my right
Judge Kirkpatrick said to me, "The
people of Polk county don't want a
bridge at Salem. We will put it up to
you at the election on June 4th, am
overwhelming majority oppose a bridge '
My esteemed friend, C. L. Starr was
peeved because of paving of a street
in the city of Salem and Mr. Starr de
clared that there would be no bridge
as long as Teals was judge of Polk
county, and it was so eel ah.
Mr. Editor, I congratulate the pa
tient and wronged people of Polk and
Marion counties in the opening and
dedicating to public use substantial
JAMES K. SEARS,
Citizen and Taxpayer