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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 30, 1918)
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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 179.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWI
STANDS FIVE CENT
III M ntftr mi
ti u if i j if ii ii
f fifty mm
TIFF BATTLE IN S01SSONS R
TEUTONS ARE MAKING SOME
GAINS ON WEST FRONT AND
ALLIES GAINING ON THE EAST
Americans Forced Out of Cierges And French To Retire
From Crest if Plateau Near Ves!e-Desperate Attack
Made To Protect Retreat And Permit Savins of Guns and
AmmunitionsAllied Advance On Rheims -Sector Un
checked Nine Airplanes Are Dawned.
Fighting of unusual violence has broken out again on
the whole Soissons-Rheims front, according to battle
front dispatches received via London today. The reports
indicate the Germans are making progress at some points
on the western half of the salient, while the allies are ad
vancing in some sectors on the eastern half.
The battle apparently covers a front of about fifty
miles. The Americans have fallen back from Cierges,
four miles southeast of Fere-En-Tardenois, near the
source of the Ourcq, and the French have been driven out
of Begneuz, three miles northeast of Oulchy-Le-Chateau.
The heaviest fighting is reported to be under way
between Ville-En-Tardenois and the Ourcq, & front of
about 10 miles. On this sector the French have advanced
to the crest of the plateau between the Ourcq and the
.' Northeast of Ville-En-Tardenois allied troops ad
vanced up the Andre valley as far as Aubilly.
1 The heaviest fighting is under way between Ville-En-
Tardenois and the Ourcq.
Ville-.hn-Tardenois the French advanced to Aubilly (six
miles .southwest of Rheims).
By Lowell Mettett
(United Press staff correspondent) '
With the French Armies in the Field
July 30 (2 p. m.) -The Germans con
tinue their desperate resistance along
the whole line of new positions estab
lished by them in their retreat.
It is impossible to tell yet whether
thia is'the place they have, chosen !o
make a stand, or whether they are sac
rificing a groat number of men mere
ly to save vast quantities of materials.
Th hardest fi hti ity is around Beug
neu (where the French are reported to
have been ej:cte-l) b-jhind which there
is un elevation frjrti Whi-:'h Fisnies, 12
miles distant, is visible'
Allies Forced Back
London, July 30. (1:30 p. m.) The
Germans have launched a heavy coun
ter attack on the whole Soissons-Onrcq
front, it was learned this afternoon.
The Americans have been driven out
' of Cierges (four miles fSiufheast of
Fere-En-Tardenois), while the French
have be?n compelled to fall back from
The Fierieh have advanced on to the
plateau between the Vesle ami the
Uureq (southwest of Rheims.)
The enemy so tar has engaged 71
divisions (852.000 men) on this front.
K of which belonged to Crown Prince
Rupprccht's army group.
Washington, July SO. Reporting un
der date of July 29, General Pershing
today rWlared that "beyond the line
of the Ourcq, heavy counter attacks
mode by fresh troops of the enemy
have resulted in severe fighting.
I War Summary of United Press
1456ihDav of the Wan 1 1th Da? of Counter Offensive
Soissons Rheims front Simultaneous
with a heavy German counter attack
on the weit rn half of the snlicnt, the
a'lies today apparently began an- as
sault on the east 'rn half. Fighting of
Tinufual violence i reported along the
whole fronL. Frcn h and American
trorpj have male progress in their
push. The fightin? is going on over a
rront of aoout r.rty mi:es.
Pieordy front. British troops made
successful rail near Ayette, between
Arras and Albert, bst night. The Ger
mans shelled British positions nortk-
In the Ardre valley east of
)ft fs ss st sjs sfc jfc yfi
Wrfh The American Armies In
France, July29, (Night.) Iu
a villige taken and retaken sev
eral times, finally remaniing in
American hands, our boys found
several comrades who had been
bayoneted and killed by the
Huns as they lay wounded and
"H'rgy, taken by our troops yester
day at er having changed hands four
times, remains in our possession."
Intended to Hold Them
Loudon, July 30. Importance of
amairfhinli nt'he U ielm!y rtoilemsivie line
'alon the Ourcq by Franco-American
troops i emphasized by a Berlin olli
eial statement, which indicates the Ger
mans intended to hold thoao positions.
Th? communique declares withdrawal
to the line between Fere En Tardenois
nnd Ville En Tardenois was accomplish
cd .Saturday night without the knowl
edge of the a'lies and that subsequent
attempts to storm the new positions
Roth rli Paris communique and bat
tle front dispatches show the Germans
hsv3 be-?n driven some distance north
cf tho Ourcq from its source to a point
wes: of Fere-En-Tardenois and that a
(Continued on page two)
we', of Albert with gas.
Flandea 'front Australian troops
rnnlt fnrtv firisoncr in a trench raid
jnear Morris. Enemy bombardment Kith
'gas shell were reported in various sec
tors ataag the whole front.
England Nearly all munitions mak
era have returned to work.
Rii! Czecho slovak forces have
seized two Russian cruisers at Novo
Rostrjk in southeastern Russia, accord
ing to -dwpateb received in Washing
NS PUT UP
AND MAN HUNT
IN FULL SWING
Bennett Thompson And Fred
A. Tharber Are Desper
Bennett Thompson and Fred A. Thur
ber, two desperate convicts escaped last
night and another big man hunt is on in
I full swing today.
In making his escape Thompson made'
good, fur a time at least, his boast that
he would not stay in prison longer than
two years, although he was sentenced
o life imprispnmcnt for one of the foul
est murdors ever committed in this state
One uight in 1916, Thompson, who had
been a frequent visitor at the home of
Mrs. Jennings near Tualtin hired a Port-;
land jitney driver to take him from
Portland to the Jennings home. The
jitney driver was Fred Histman. He'
never returned. The next day Mrs. Jou
nings' mutilated body was found at het
home and several days afterward the bo
dy of Kistmau was found in the brush
by the. roadside, where it had been drag
god by Thompson,
While he was in the Washington coun
ty jail, after his conviction for the mur
der, of Mrs, Jennings, Thompson -made
tho botsr to' another prisoner "tbift he
would get out Of the penitentiary inside
of t vo years and would then return and
S'tt.e scores with Sheriff Reeves and
I':?rriet Attorney Tongue of Washing
ten county and Deputy Sheriff Phillips
of Multnomah county, who were chiefly,
iu.-trumcntal iu running him down and.
fastening the crime upon him. Prison
officials express fear, .that ho will at
tempt to carry out his threat.
Tho two' convicts made their escape
sometime during the night. They were
employed on night duty in the engi.-.e
house inside the prison walls. It is as-
(Contiaued on page two)
BADLY WHIPPED BY
Crown Prince Brings His Crack Soldiers 150 Miles To An
nihi!!e YankeesAttacked Four Times But While Iky
Captured Sergy In Each Were Quickly Driven Out Again
And Finally Quit Whipped T o A Frazzle.
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent)
With tho American Armies in France
July 30. (1:45 a. m.) The crown
prince hurled the fruth Prussian guards
ona of the "ace" division of the Ger
man army, against the rugged Ameri
can farmers at Hergy in au attempt to
chevk their advance, but the Americana
threw them back across the Ourcq.
' Tday, this famous enemy division is
broken. The farmers are in full pos
session of Sergy and the ground be
yond. Standing out from the other fighting
along the Ourcq is the bitter strug
gle for Sergy, which has been taken
and retaken nine times since Sunday
mornin-?. To reach this town the Amer
icans wnie'l waist deep across the
Ourcq and advanced up the opposite
bank in a hp tl of machine gun fire.
They rushed the machine .gun position,
swept over them and took the town.
Ou artillery aided in the holding off
the boflhc. Then the Prussian guards
Prisoners say they were rushed from
A'vricourt, northeast of Luneville (150
miles east and s.uth, in on airline), es
pecially for counter attack work. They
Hvouaccd in the Scales forest two
nights and were then brought out for
the Sergy fight.
Behind a German barrage they drove
the Americans from th town. The lat
to a!ieil on their artillery for further
assistant:? and returned to the attack,
fighting through the streets and from
behind crumbled walls. Enemy ma
chine guns had been placed behind
barrl'-ade of dibiis and in a ruined
church. Th? machine gun and shrapnel
fin sos j hot that the Americans lay
SALBl LAYS OFF
TO EUTERTAIfi HER
Great CiowsV Gather From
Two Counties in Honor
$500 PAID BY VICK FOR
BEING FIRST. TO CROSS
Mrs. William Calder Will Turn
f lights Paying $150
The wea'her man smiled on Salem
and surrounding oouutry for the offi
cial opening of the ihiid bridge across
the river ot Salem and thousands of
l'olk and Marion county people arc
taking a day off and properly enjoying
Early this1 morning, ' the trumpet
sound announced to the Salem folks
that the big day was ot hand. And by
9 o'clock, thousands of automobiles
were parking in the business section
of the eity and around Marion square.
Auction is Spirited
Promptly at 9:30 o'clock, with an
audience numbering several thousauG,
Charles R. Archerd announced that he
would sell to the highest bidder the
privilege of first, crossing the new
$250,000 structure; For some time it
has been known that Henry W. Movers
had bid $100, but after Mr. Archerd
had pictured the honor of giving to
the Red Cross and the fame that would
follow the man or woman who first
crossed the bridge, the bidding was
William ' Calder of Polk comity
promptly put in his bid of $150 and
from tha tune on Mv Archerd so well
succeeded in picturing "the glories of
crossing the bridge, that within a short
time the. bidding .had topped the $400
mark. Vick Bros, were the leaders in
tho bidding and when they had final
ly raised their bid to $500, they were
awarded the privilege and of course it
was the famous Fordson tractor that
the coming generations will know e
having first officially cossed the Marion-Polk
Later tho privilege of turning on the
electric -lights at 8 o'clock this even
ing was put up at auction. There was
a faint bid of $2-5 but Mts. William Cal
der promiptly raised , the bid to $100
(Continued on page six)
in the streets close to the curbing,
seeking even that shallow protection.
Doughboy of one battali'on stylo
their commander who won the heart of
every man in the outfit, "that new
major." He lav in the debris along
(ido his men while the boche fire waa
worst. Then, crying "come on boys!"
he jumped up into the open and led
them in a new dash through the
The Prussian guards attacked four
times Sunday, following American cap
ture of the town, Eneh time, the Amer
icans retook it. The fifth attack was
final, the doughboys driving off the
guards Monday morning despite a vig
Statements of prisoners indicate the
boches generally plan to hold finally
farther north, probably at Fismes. Pris
oners fwy. men engaged in removing
guns and material were ordered to Fis
mes After the failure of their counter at
tacks the Prussian guards were order
el to rtire slowlv, inflicting heavy
canalties if possible,
A prisoner from one of the Bavarian
divisions said the positions' they were
ordered to hold were all lost.
A capture! artilleryman said he for
merly worked in an airplane factory
in Berlin. He participated in the general
strikes last Mav and was sent to the
front punishment. He said he and
his fellow workers struck became
"jonie wantod je-ce. some more food,
rom? moe mon".v." .
In addition to the eusr Is. Americans
in this re'.'ion took prisoners from the
EOlst a"d 'Oth landwehr regiments id
the sixth. Bavarians.
STORY Of THREE BRIDGES
ACROSS RIVER AT SALEM
TOLD BY THE RECORDS
First Bridge To Spaa River
Here Outcome of Popular
Movement In 1856
This is a story of the three bridges
across the Willamette at Salem. The
first bridge was ibut a child of three
years four months and four days when
it was carried away by the flood of
Feb. S, 1890. The 'second bridge was
unhealthy and caused a lot of toublc
from the date of its birth October 1,
1890 to the time it was finally turned
over to the bridge builders in 1917 and
191S. The third bridge, a quarter of a
million dollar stnictme is the bridge of
the future, and will be dedicated July
A meeting of the city council of
Sa'em was held March 6. 1886 and the
original records read: "A large and
enthusiastic mass meeting of the cit
izens of Salem assembled for the pur
pose, of devising means to build
bridge across the Willamette river at
At tho following meeting of the eity
council the committee appointed, sub
mitted the proposition of tho San
Fancisco Bridgo Co. to build a bridge
for $48,88". The record read: "It is
proposed that the city of Salem take
charge of the work under the act of the
legis ative assembly. State of Oregon,
approved Oct. 21, 1876, empowering the
city to incur an indebtedness of
$50,000. This' coninfittee proposes to
FEEDING THE NEWS OF
DEFEAT TO GERMANS
IN VER Y SMALL DOSES
Hun Admiral Says American
Transports Cannot Be
Stopped By U-Boats
London. Julv 30. News of the Ger
man defeat in the Soissons-Rhicnia sa
lient is being fed to th9 German public
in camouflaged alibis. The results are
varied. There is some criticism of the
German government, but tho sugar-coat
ed palaver ot otiwr Btones tends to
camouflage the real effect of the Foch
Cantain Von Bervelde. a wearer of the
iron cross ,has petitioned the reichstag
to immediately arrest and prosecute
those responsible for the war, and has
laid "pecial stress on the worK ot Von
Rrtlimann-Hollweir, tho former German
chancellor, whom he denounces.
Fi'nm neutral sources come reports of!
iY.n-v. Onp former memher of the Gen
eral' staff, in a written article, ex
" W fiiinnil ta iiiflii.t tho heaviest pos
sible losses on the enemy while shorten
ing our line."
The Frankfurter Zeitung says:
"Evtrvone feels wo arc fightinir to
ward sucivss on our entire western cam
paign." The Voerworts comments:
"It is false to sav that the effective
power of the French is weakening."
Tell Binkley is not makin' any four
minute sr etches as he's not a candidate
fcr anything. Miss Twaney Apple is
buyin, a planner on th government
submit to the voters a proposition to
bond the city for $30,000.. We think
the remainder of the amount can be
raised from other sources." The re
port was signed by R. 3. Wallace, W
N. Ladue, Win. England, M. L. Chain
bcrlin and T. McF. Patton. The report
jef the committee was formally adopted
June lo, 1886. The original resolution
was drawn by Jos. H. Albert, who whs
an active member of the council at the
The election was called for June 23,
1SS6 and 603 votes wee cast in favor of
bonding the city for $30,000 and 20
agalinst. July 20, 1886. the committee
reported that s contract had been made
with the bridge company. September
21, 18S0, three bids were submitted to
tho council for the $30,000 bonds. They
were sold to Walter Bros, on a bid of
par and $487 00 premium, and were to
draw five per cent.
' Nov. 19, 1886 there was a final set
tlement. With the few extras anrt
credits, tho final cost of the first
bridge was figured at $49,901.
l'olk county refused to pay for any
part of the first bridge when tho sub
ject was first broached. A mass meet
ing of the people of West Salem was
held and 20 citizens signed an Bgrcn
mcnt to pay $5,000 provided the county
would not" do so. At the following
term of tho Polk county court, the
county finally agreed to pay the $5,000.
Marion county paid $15,000 of the ex
pense. (Coutiuued on page four)
Tho Kruez Zeitung, despairs of anoth
er Gorman offensive iu the near fu
ture, . .
A Dresden newspaper urges the full
est confidence In Von Hindenburg and
any decision ho may have to make.
The Vienna press is amused at the
situation, adding some sarcastic, com-
, nient for the treatment accorded Aus
tria in her recent Italian reverses.
Admiral Gives It Up.
The Hague, July 30. Explanations of
the steady flow of American troops into
France were given in an interview with
Admiral Von Holtzendorff, printed in
the Cologne Gazette, it was learned to
day, . The Gerinnn admiral, who prelicted
that submarines would account for Am-
(Continued on pagi two'
From "Over There
General Pershing's Official Report
Washington, July 3.0. One hundred
and forty five army casualties today
Killed in action 17; died of wounds
II; died of disease 15; died of accident
and other causes 3; wounded severe
ly 95; wounded slightly 1; missing in
Major Goodwin Compton, Memphis,
and Major Theodore Roosevelt, jr..
were fisted as severely wounded and
Major James M. McC'loud, London, was
killed in action.
Killed In Action
Major J- M. McC'loud, London.
Lieutenants G. W. Bcrrimaii, Tam
F. l!o- tea, Portsmouth, N T.
. N.. I). Dubois, Montchir, X. J
Sergeants G. M. Barber. Grey bull,
G. W. Ross, Oakland, Cul.
Corporal C. W. Neeilluim, Lid', l.'al,
C. ). Johnson, Newton. Kan
K. H. Jolnifcn, Freeport, 111.
K. P. Lud Ue, Chatham. Ill
C. McKea. Westwood, Cnl.
A. Marquard, Hamilton, Md.
.1. B. Miller, Lacey. Wash.
,'. M. Humiueis, Ashland. Or.
K. Ij. Sutheruand, Topekrf. Kan.
C, VV. Wilson, Marion, lud.
S. Wos. Buffalo, X. Y.
Died from Wounds
Sergeant li. Clubli, San Anloi.i'i Tex
Corporal B. Aaron, I'dueah, 1,'y.
W .Albert, Augusta, Maine
O. D. Crabtree, Mariengo, Did.
F. Denton, Clarendon, Ark.
M. D. Fuller, Wlicclo.l. Vr.
W. W. Keller, North Vi.l. U I
K. W. Larkosh, Providence, 1!. I-
D. C. MacKinnon, Cloucejr -r, Mass.
J. W. A- Marble, Mosicy Junction,
F. Watson, Roxbury. Mrm
Died of Dl-ease
Sergeant C. J. Lauts, liuff ilo, N. V.
Reach Bhck Sea And May
Jom Russians in Fighting
MAY UNITE WITH BRITISH ;
ARMY IN MESOPOTAMIA
Also Seized Armed Steamer
On Volga River-Advance
Washington, July 30. Czecho-Slcvak'
troops have penetrated to the Black 8c
iu southeastern Russia and have btezed
two Russian cruisers in the harbor of
Novrostok, acording to authoriativo ad
vices reaching here today.
This word is the first indicating th
presence of the Czecho-Slovaks so far
south in Russiu. - The opinion was held
at headquarters of the Czech-Slovak na-
tional council that the operations were
those of detached Czoch bauds who wera
feeling their way southward in an at
tempt to get to France.
- Much importance was attached to the
dispatch as the possibility was indicated
that the fighters might join tho Rus
sians battling the Turks in Trans-Caucasia
and form a union with tho British
forces in McBoptomania.
A Russian campaign with this objec
tive was tapidly gaining success wheu
the Russian collapse came.
Advices state that tho guns of tha,
cruiser were turned on tho Bolsaevik
garrison at Novrostok. Another dis
patch reported the seizmd of an aimed
steamer on the Volga river between"
Rybunskdu and Antrachnni by -the
CV.h-SluvaXs. K , , , - .
The fall of Viarka, an important junc-'; '
tion point on tho Siberian railway, be-'
foro the advancing Czech-Slovaks is be
The Czech-Slovaks apparently are
pressing boats into service to carry sup-'
plies up the Volga river toward Viarka
from tho western base of the forces at
Kazan. It Is declared that the plan of
the Czechs in this region is to reach
the Murmnn coast.
Colonel Hurban of tho Czech-Slovak
forces in Siberia is expected in Wash
ington iu a few days to confer with Dr.
T. G. Masaryzk, commander in chief of
th; Czechs nnd chairman of tno vaecii
Slovak national council,
Colonel Hurban started to thn United.
States to muko an appeal for transpor-
(Oontinued on page two)
Cooks, J. H. Arnold, Doniphan, Mo.
M. Winse'l, Dex;", la.
W, J. ll!a."kmore, iiurnesville, Ohio
C. A. Clark, Kufala, Oklu.
A. L. Davis, llcwlin; )ree.i, Va.
J. Epps, Eus'.is, Fla
H. Franklin, Cameron, Texas
S. Jaffy, Waynesboro, IV
C. Pierson, Mill ll-ii'Si, 'In-
E. L. Simmons, Tampa. F'n.
J.- M. Sweetser, Haverhill, eMss.
T. L.. Trouth, Dixon, ill.
O. F. Tuohy, Pittsburg, IV
J. Olson, linnnibal, M ).
Died from Accident and Other Cause
Cook A. B Oldstrom, Chicago
Privates C. Page, Wilson, N. C.
B. A. ricnkenliergcr, Berlin Center, O
Wounded Severely Included
Majors G. Compton, Memphis, Tenn.
and Detroit, Mich.
Theodore Rnoevclt, ,lr., New York
Captain R. K. Whitson, Union City,
ft. ,1. Bangert, Chicago
J, A. Cross. Chicago
A. Lclli, Sr. Charles. 111.
F. Pavel, Tyndall, S. D.
K. Pavel, Tyndall, 8. D.
J. A. Phares, Walla Walla, Wash.
J. L. Rothie, Yale, Idaho
I). It Sullivan. Erik, Neb.
F. Vanguilder, Sacramento, Cal. .
Washington, July 30. Ten marine
cnrri pHHiuilties today showed five kill
ed in action; one dead of wounds and
four wounded severely.
The list follows:
Killed in Action
Sergeant J. W. Rodger, Equality, 111
Corporal W. Otto, Chicago
C. H. Kcllum, Onk Point. 111. .
J. T. Young, Salt Lake City
J. E. Zender; Frcdonia. N. Y.
Died of wounds received in action:
U M. McCnrry, Wheatland, Cal.