3" torial Page of The Capital Journa CHARLES H. FISHER Editor uj Publisher rElDAr EVENING July IG, 1918 'I'lIMIffWWftU 1 i i I n PUBLISHED ETEHT EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, OREGON, BI Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc. . i. BARNES, CQA8, H. FISHER, Vica-PnaKlent. DORA C. ANDBESF.N. See. and Treat. 1 .u. I-The Vofflan Who Changed ; Pally bj curler, per rar iMily bj anil, per year .. gCBSCKlPTION BATES $5.00 Per Moot 4ie S.U0 Per Muata KSe FULL LEASED W1RB TELEGRAPH HEPORT EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES a Ward, New Tork, Tribune Building. llitcaKu, W. B. Stoekvell, Peeple'i tiu Building Tba Capital Journal carrier boya an Inatructed to pot tbe paper on the porch. If tke carrier doe Dot do tola, mlaava joa, or neglerta getting tbe paper to you oo time, fetidly pbooe tbe circulation manager, a tbla la tbe eiiiy way we can determine whether aw aot the carilera are following Instruction Pbon Main HI before 1 :SO clock and a taper will ha aent jou by auecial ueaaeager If the carrier baa misted you. Tk'ilkS Daily OaMaL JoUUXaL II the only newtpaper Id Salem whoae clrculatloa la guaranteed bf tbe Audit Bureau of Circulation. NEWSPAPER BUSINESS IN WAR TIME. everybody else for their services or their goods. A great many persons have never thought seriouslv of the trying position newspapers are placed in during the warand still the government officials sav thev could scarcely carry out any of the great war activities without ' rVlPir ennnoiHifirin 0i I Br JAKE PHEVPS A MUSICAL EVENING. CHAPTER CXXXLX Merton Gray came early, hi violin tucked under his arm. Mr. aud Mrs. Babcock greeted him graciously, George warmly. For the first time since Mer tou told me of his love, I did not feel The war industries board has oidered newspapers to cut off aii free copies, and to reduce the average size of . their newspapers. This order is tor the purpose ot con serving both news print paper and labor. Not many publishers will resent the order, since they have realized for some time that the most rigid economy in these matters must be practiced. The order of the gov ernment will make it easier for them to do some things that they hesitated voluntarily to do, although they be Jieved they should be done. In times like this the newspaper business is not a snap. There are no war profits; instead prices of labor and material are going up and advertising, the paper s greatest source of revenue, is curtailed. Every industry or business the government-grabs hold of in any manner stops advertising immediately. War reports cost a vast amount of money, and the papers must carry them in order to satisfy the public craving lor dairy lniormauon on mis suojecu r or in stance, it costs from $1.50 to $2 a word to get cable mes sages from Petrograd, or Salonika, in the Balkans. From France cable tolls are 25c a word. Added to these tolls are the high salaries of an army of correspondents and At i;it ...i:t. .!U r,-V, xneir excessive expense vms vvnne ,iuuuwuig uw yaw of the war. When you read the full leased wire telegraph report in the Capital Journal calculate what must have been the cost of gathering it., Of course the Capital Jour nal only pays its proportionate part of the cost, which is shaved by all United Press papers. But its share is very i i ji . i - p ii. i i i. - mucn neavier tnnn it was Dei ore tne war DroKe out m Europe. i .......... . - . . ... Evervthing is going up that way and only circulation receipts keep pace with rising costs. More people are reading newspapers than ever before-but the news paper business was not built on the theory that subscrip . lion receipts would pay the running expenses. Advertising, based on circulation, is relied upon by all publishers for their profits. Advertising has in this , wav been responsible for making it possible tor newspa ners and magazines to be sold at a price within the reacV of all. That is why the people generally owe a good deal to the enterprising businessnian or manufacturer who advertises he is paying for the reading matter they get at only a nominal cost. Now that war restrictions have reduced advertising newspapers must raise subscription prices, reduce the ;ize of their publications or curtail their subscription lists Probably they will do all these things and that is just what the order recently issued by the war industries board seeks to accomplish. The Daily Capital Journal, for instance is suffering . from too much circulation now. it is only slightly below f)000 copies daily on the average and that is too large for the volume of advertising carried and the rate we are able to get for it in a field like this. We keep pruning the list of those who are slow pay and of advertisers and exchanges, but the list continues to grow the people evi dently want the war news. ' The order of the government to refuse to permit papers to go out of the office unless paid for in cash will not work a hardship upon papers like the Capital journal. It will only assist them in holding down rising expenses, and is only making an official order of what business judgment dictates they must of necessity do anyway. What the government should do, however, is to pay for all the advertising space it uses in the papers for war activities. In France and England this is done. Adver tising space is the only commodity the newspaper has to sell and there is no reason why the government should expect to get it free when it pays everybody else high prices for what it wants. That is why the government sells bonds to pay for what it requires in the conduct of the war. , ' And yet the government expects the newspapers to give their advertising space free-- their only commodity in order to sell bonds that money may be raised to pay iainiei-5 were ingnienea lest an ineir timber be cut uplorever tIie lact lnat ae nad of rmro Tf Wo como l,i 1 . ;ii!to.be mure- felt flattered v v...v,. nivov, oaiut vjre tuuiu see a i ecu Baw mm j had eared, but, even so, 1 k cutting irom nan a minion to a mil ion feet a riav. t.hpv 06 wasn ' iy "y heart ,lJf..R,.l..JI J.l.i ... ...Vi ' and that he would wuum xauvy mc uau ueeii uver muiugmg in ausintne. The allies have kept biting into the pocket between tooissons and Kheims until every bit of it is under fire. In addition to being under the allied guns the airmen are 1 .. I 111 Ml . . aoing great worK in tne way ol dropping bombs through out the whole area. In spite of the danger of their po- fciuoii me uerman leaders nave evidently determined to fight it out where they are. That there will be some tierce fighting and this accompanied with tremendous losses is certain, but there can be but one end. It will re. quire generalship bordering on real genius if another Se- 1. ill It a . . 1 v , . t aan l snot tne result. At the best the (iermans are certain to lose many prisoners and great quantities of supplies which will fall to the allies or be destroyed. In either case it is a loss to the Germans just the same. Tuesday is to be a great dav for the Willamette val loy. Here in Salem the business houses will be' closed and i d .nalem will loin with the visitors in celebrating the com. pltion of the big bridge, and the record it makes in being paid for when completed. Don't forget to take plenty of cnange witn you ior every cent spent will go to' take care of the boys over in France who are placing America in the front rank of the nations and making. freedom mean exactly wnat Americans understand by that term. Jupe, has done splendid work and he is urired to let well enough alone and let the sun shine undisturbed on the coming Dig oay. . . The Silverton Mills have met the scarcity of labor 11 . 1 a ... - f caused oy tne war by putting a force of ten women to work. .Thus does the pinch of war come daily closer home. If it keeps up for two years women workers in all kinds of factories and plants heretofore using only male help, will be the rule rather than the exception. Whoever else may be captured in the Soissons-Rheims pocket ,it can safely be asserted that it will not.be one of the Hohenzollern family. They are heavy on ordering iiij- wove ounucia tu ute tu me lata man, DUt one ano all of them keep out of danger. The next thine in the vegetable line nleasin? tn most folks is the big succulent roasting ears and the joy of guuienng me grains witn your teeth Irom the cob. It is not an edifying edible transaction, but there is lots nf solid enjoyment in it it your teeth are all right. The rain was sure "water on the water company's wheels . Irrigation is out of style for a while at least, and the weather indications are that there will he annhhpr shower or two. LADD & BUSH, Bankers ALL TIIE THIRD LIBERTY BONDS ARE NOW HERE. THOSE INTERESTED PLEASE CALL AT THE BANK The one thing that surprises our allies more than anything else concerning the Americans, is our way of doing things. They have never seen things done on the America scale before, and cannot realize that such things are possible. One example illustrates this. A pang of Americans were operating a French sawmill which cut!embariasse4 1 had thought it u out. 7;500 feet a day, and which was considered a plant of'1 had done notoins wrong-nothing some magnitude. The American in charge of this depart-1" tt" J 11 11 A " menc ordered a small American raw mi and whon thic courMed him. i wai fond of him: got busy and turned out 75,000 feet a "day, the Txr&FZJ wanted that he new that broken, probably marry sometime that he had mistaken pity for me, for love. 1 must show him that now I did not need his pity that 1 was happy instead of miserable. We had a delishtful eveninir. Mr. Babcock had not brought his violin, so he played several selections on Aur- ton s, which ho declared superior to Ins.. Jlerton beamed. His Strad was tde pride of his life, he laughingly told them. Then we sang, and were all surprised when the grandfathers clock in tho hall struck eleven. James brought in a very light sup per, over which we became quite jolly. Mrs. Babcock declared she could not eat another bite then ate heartily! 'lour wife is a little wizard," she said to George. "She has found out, in gome occult way, what niv tastes are, and she tempts me." UKIviiN IS OOMPUMEXTED. 1 am delighted that she has suc ceeded in doing so'' ho returned pleas antly, just glancing at nie. But 1 read approval in that clance, and Air. Babcock read something more, for he said: I don't wonder you look at her in that proud way, Howard. Not many young wives haio her knack of enter taining especially of entertaining old tOIKS 11KO us." "Vou people fo'stet I am a lonely old bachelor!" llerton said in pre tended depression- " I really feel quite out of the picture." I imagine it is your own fault. Mr liray," JUrs. Uabcoek returned in her son, musical voice. "And you will pardon me, because I am older than you arc, if I toll you that you are missing much that makes life worth living. Of course, you arc fortunate in having your art, and your music; but neither can quite tako tho place of a wife a woman who loves yen." Mrs. Jiabcock is right, Gray," to my surprise, George broke in, "there's nothing like a home for a man. And of course no one can have a real home without a woman in it." I flushed! happily. Did George real ly and truly appreciate his home more than I thought Was it true that he eared because I was in itf "Get married, my boy! It's the on thinz for a young fellow to do," said Mr. Babcock. But I 'm not young! ' ' Morton re turned, making a comical grimace. "Vou'ro not old: about thirty, I tako itl" Then, when Merton nod- led, he continued. "But too old to wait any longer. Why waste the years that might be made so lull ot joy? the glance he gave Mrs. Babcock seemed to enfold her, so loving was it so full of trust and faith. A COMPARISON. "'But I k)now soma married peo ple " Merton raised his bauds in mock horror, "single blessedness is in ileed hlpsseil. romnare.l to thp life of bickering and quarreling thev lead. 'H "Such people aro not in the ma.ior itv, dear Mr. Gray," again it was Mrs Babcock 's soft voice. "We hear of them, that is nil. The really happy couples seldom talk of their happiness, ft is too deep, too sacred to discuss. But the other kind, those who are un hanpr. mismated take the world into their confidence so loudly that, seemingly, it multiplies them, and they appear more numerous than they really ure. Is it not so, dear I" she asked her husband. "Indeed it is! And it is a truth which peoplo do not often recognize. Happiness needs no brass bands to an nounce itself. It is ao deeply en meshed in tho mind and soul, that if loesn't think to rr aloud, as does the itnhappiness of people (most of which is surface unhappiness, anyway, which could be easily remedied by a little forbearance on" both sides). Marriage s a give-and-take game with everyone. Vouns p?ople are too apt to want it one-sided." Again I flushed- I had taken so much as my. due, without giving it proper consideration, when I had found fault with other things! My lovely home, my easy, comfortable ex istence, my carefree days, had seemed a nothing because I eould not have ALL KL8B that I wanted. Merton left saying he. had never enjoyed himself more, and with an invitation to visit, the- Babcock 'g if ever he was in Chicago. "Gray made a hit with our guests," George" said, when they- had gone. "I'm glad we had him in. Ho 'a a fascinating f elow, and remarkably en tertaining. "Yes. I am glad we had him, tod," I responded. TO MORROW RESULTS. BUY THOUGHTTULLY THE purchase of food, clothing and other necessitiesas well as indulging in luxuries should be considered from these stand points: ; ;. 1- Effect on YOUR bank balance 2 Effect in the community. 3 Effect on the Government's conduct of the war. INTEREST ON SAVINGS ACCOUNTS 1 MtedStates Bank Oregon, vSalem The evergreen blackberries will hp tho TiPYt. in nrrlr and there are unlimited Quantities of them. After that comes the hops and the prunes and then the picking sea son will be over unless picking up the potatoes comes un der this head. Rippling Rhymes by Walt Mason HOT DAY REFLECTIONS. Horticulturists of West to Organize Soon The first annual meeting of west- em horticulturists will be held at the Oregon Agricultural college. Aumist S to 8. Representative horticulturists from all states west of tho Koekies between 30 and 50 of them are exnect ed to attend. 0. I. Lewis, professor of nortKuiture in o. A. U., is temporary president. The organization will ba .perfected at tho meeting. Many ques tions wu oe aiscusseu looKing towards increased fruit production. VY.ednasdtiy, l.August i7, a trip br train to Salem will bo made where an inspection of orchards, small fruit plantations, canneries and fruit juice factories will be made. The Salem Fruit Union will, provide facilities for seeing the various points of interest. Thursday morning an inspection of the experimental pots of the Oregon experiment station will be made. Tlmrs day at 1:30 o'clock tho visitors will start en a trip to Mary's Peak, as guests' of the members of the division of h'oriticullture in the Oregon Agricul tural college, who will provide neces sary transportation, camp eouipmcnt and supplies. TAX UPON INCOMES. Washington, July 20. Latest figures on incomes, excess profits and inherit ances, will raiso only $4,500,000,000 from these sources in the new tevenuo bill, tho house ways and means com mittee found today. This is $1,')00,000,000 less than sug gested bv the treasury department. PRICE OF BE MP FIXED. WHshington Ally 20 The price fi ing committee of the war Industrie board today established a maximum of 14 cents f. o. b. Manila for number current hemp. Priees of other gradu will follow immediately. The govern ment consumes nearly all the Manila rope manufactured in this country ani fcr that reason will pay a price tut rope ba;cd on the maximum price fixe! for horp. Almost A Shadow; Afraid To Eat "My son-in-law was so bad froa stomach trouble that he was reduced to almost a shadow and was afraid ta cat anything, as all food caused bloat ing of gas which pressed against bit heart, worrying him very much. Our '.druggist persuaded him to try Mayr'i VYonuerJul Homedy and in two month! he looked fine, can eat anything and works hard every day." It is a sim ple, harmless preparation that removea the catarrhal mucus from the intestin al tract and allays the inflammatiom which causes practically all stomaeh. liver and intestinal ailments, includ ing appendicitis. One dose will con vince or money refunded. J. C. Perry, Capital Drug Store and druggists ev erywhere. JOURNAL WANT ADS SELL Somewhere the festive Eskimo is through the snow, and handing out the language weird. vwiuc i-miuuy iceuergs irom nis Deard. liis feet are froz en in his shoes, and he has chilblains in his thews, his breath is freezing as it flies, and iciVlPs UTrt An hie ovoe Alas, his fate is dark and grim, I shed some nineteen tears for him. Could he forsake thp come down here where he'd get warm, how glad ' and fiiauuui ne wouia De, now, ne would chortle in his glee! bomewhere, on grim Spitzbergen's shore, the natives thaw out nevermore. They know not what it is to sweat, rheumatics is their one safe bet. If they go out to get some wood, their ears are frozen up for good, and present ly they re unawares assaulted by some polar bears, and eaten cold, without a sauce to make them less a total loss. Ineir wives and orphans sadly go to seek the fragments m the snow, and meet a frightful fate, methinks; they're gobb ed by a wolf or lynx. How thankful we should be, I wot, th?.t all of us are smoking hot! JSV? feTi. f)MA v4?K5rrVA r,L In i FenwickNewellSingsatChautauqua ' Head Artists Company on Second Day When yon us the Journal Class Ads you can depend on results. Phone 81. JOURNAL WAST ADS SHI : h,' ' v; ' I 1 f 1"-- JJ I : The Fenwlck Newell Concert Compaiiy, who will present two program! t Cheutanqua on the second day, I or.- of the aMinr tn. I Ptatfcn. Fenwick A. Newe... head,:,, the com pn or, Is a SS WXSSfSL been advanclmf very rapldl, In popular favor dnrlng the pasTfew Tea rich natural rolce. under the care and Instruction of tte two Ert t3 YVTF' Had,nn0Tlts " "'cago and Oscar Saegertf NJ lork. ha dewloped tones of glorious warmth and color. . ' Miss Ulllan Shank, violoncellist, is an artist of highly develoned tchnlon and deep musical nnderstandlng. with a record of nnusual SSKL S S lorm. Mary Jane Grlgsby, accompanist, is . true artist TttJ ano! P '