Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 26, 1918)
(23,000 EEADEES) DAILY '
Only Circulation la Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LY NEWS SEEVIOB
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 176.
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 26, 1918.
PRICK TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS Am) HEW
STANDS FIVE CENTS
IALF MILLION GERMANS ARE
FIGHTING DESPERATELY AS
PINCERS ARE CLOSING TIGHT
Franco-Americans Successfully Driving Offensive Oneratidns
Along Whole Front From Soissons to Main de Massiges
Grounds Lost In Champagne During German Drive Prac
tically AH Regained Now-British Repulse Strong Enemj
Attacks On Flanders Front
By John Be Gandt
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Paris, July 26.Franco-Ameiican troops have com
pletely turned Fere forest and are within six kilometers
of Fere En Tardenois. ,
On both sides of the road
rere-un-iaraenois tne Americans repulsed counter at
tacks and pressed northward, capturing Franquet farm.
vFranco-Amrican troops have conquered the last great
physical obstacle before Fere-En-Tardenois and the cap
ture of that all-important German concentration center is
believed to be a matter only
With the turning of the
now have practically a clean
are enabled to ilank that city; by advancing up the valley
of the Ourc from the southeast. -'" v
The capture of Oulchy-Le-Chateau, confirmed today
by the French war office, left the way open to Fere-En-Tardenois
from the west. The allies may thus press in
upon the city from three sides, over a front of more than
fifteen miles.- The latest reports showed them less than
four miles from the city, to the south, and about the same
distance to the west. , "
The fall of Fere-En-Tardenois will endanger the Ger
man position within the Soisson-Rheims salient more than
any other single operation that appears possible of real
ization by the allies within the next day or two.
Estimates of the number of German troops in the en
tire pocket vary, but the number is estimated as at least
Paris. July 2i'i (12:30 p. m.) Cap-
tnro or Uulchj-Le-Cliateau, the princi-
pal German resistance ccnler on tho
west aide of the salient, was offieinlly
nnncunced by the French war office
Announcement was also made of tho
capture of Villomoiitoire, midway be
tween Boissons and Uulcliv-.iC-Chateaa
Hundrodi of additionnl prisoners were i
tnken. ifcnsive operations along the whole
"The French captured Ville-tnoirtoire !"German drive" front from Soissons
yesterday evening after a fierce Strug-'to Ma,in Massi.ies.
gl taking 200 prisoners and twenty! 'a addition to closing in on Fere-En-liinehine
gun" the communique said. !Tardenis, they arc steadily gaining
"Oulchv-L?4'hatonu fell into French , ground in the Champagne and have re
bands. We progressed east of the town 'covered most of the outpost positions
(toward Fere-En-Tardenois) and cap-' lost in tlhe initial German push. Main
ia red four guns. . iDe Massiges is reported to have been
"During yest-rday's fighting south captured.
ABE MARTIN t
We stilt fliink th' woman o' th'
hijse sh.iuid wear th' silk. We often
wander if th' feller that ride a mo
torcycle don't feel like shakin' hands
with him?lf whn he gits some place.
I Ml POCKET
from Mezy northward to
great Fere forest, the allies
sweep from the south and
of the Ouroq we took several hundred
DRIVE ON ENTIRE FRONT ;
By Lowall Mellett
j (United I'ress staff corresponding
I With the French Armies in the Field
I July L'0(4:40 p. m.) The allies to-
day were successfully conducting of,-
German Attacks Lose
London, July 26. British troops re
pulsed strong enemy attacks in the
Hebuteine and Meteren sectors last
night and this morning, Field Marshal
Hnig reported tcday.
"In the Hebuterne sootor( Picardy
front) yesterday evening, the enemy at
tacked our new positions under cover
of a heavy barrage and was driven off
with B'vere losses, ' the statement
"Early this 'morning a strong enemy
local attack was repulsed in. the neigh
borhood cf Meteren (Flanders front)
tfter rtharp fighting "
Dttrinj the ni?ht a party of our
troops rushed a hostile machine gun
post in the Morris s:ctor.
"Hostile artillery !ias been active in
'the Somme valley and in the ncighbor
Ihood af Bjyelles."
Many Plafi Downed
London. July 2b. The British air
j ministry today reported destru tion of
.sixteen German airplanes, with the
j probable loss of three others, which
Iv.eie declared to have been sent down
!cit of control. Only thnc British ma
chines are missing.
The communique continues:
"On the 24th instant, there was still
a x?rv strong west wind blowing and
j tl weather 'mainly overcast. Toward
levelling the skv cleared and a cer-
itain amount of sharp fighting and
l.n.V.:nn .n,.L- nln.A
"Fifteen hostile machines were!
(Contianed oa pag: two)
Camp Lewis Privates ,
Get Stiff Sentences
Taeoma, Wasli., Julv 26. Throe pri
vates of Hie quartermaster's corps a
Camp 1. 'wis, today Jrew stiff sentence
as the result of trials by court-martial
for jov riding in two "borrowed" cars.
I'nvutc Floyd D. Krnuse of Portland
got two years at Alcatraz Island,
vate Llovd L. Liddell of Salt Lake wa!
sentenced to three veais and Private
Matt J. IW.ek of Butte will spend tic
next six mourns in the euard house. The
three took an automobile from Green
aik, at Camp Lewis and drove to Cue
lialis. i'hoy rsn out of gasoline, so took
auditor car t'ciouy.sng to R. L. cint.no is
n I ' -r : I.i r:( t . , liiifj salesman. T'.ty
hid th:-. c.tr )n the brush near Camp an":
later i"'e t: -t ;!.
Advocates of Measure Have
Bill Ready For Introduc
tion Next Fall
Washington, July 25 A new fight
for universal military trainiug is de
veloping in congress.
Universal training advocates, it be
came, known today, have a new bill
ready to introduce at about the same
time the man power legislation comes
out of committee in September. An
attempt to have this bill considered
as an amendment to the measure
changing tho selective service ages will
bo iimde if the least opportunity a
risos . """V"""
Realizing they cannot get - the
measure considered over administration
objections, universal training backers
today were hopeful of securing the
tacit if ;not the open support of the
president and Secretary Baker. This
hope is based upon the belief that
universal training is gaining favor In
ailiuuustra'ion councils. Une of tne
hapeful signs of this change of at
titude, training advocates say, is tne
training of 100,000 college men under
war department auspices.
At the same time members of the
milj.ary .committees of both houses
foresee the possibility that the war
department may ask for universal
training on its own initiati'" by re-
auestiui? lowering of the draft age
rutting boys of 19 into training
canms for a vear or more, it was
pointed out today, would be practi
callv adontinir universal tri'T.ir.H for
the war at least, and would be re
garded everywhere as a test for such
training in peace as well as war time,
in connection it was suggested that
the war department would ask vo
cational training be provided in all
cantonments for men under 21.
Committee .members generally ac
cepted 19 tn 40 as the ages Baker will
name in asking draft age changes.
With possibility of only 100,000
men remaining in class one, by the
first of September, members of the
house committee declared that the
change in all ages will ccnie barely in
time to avert the necessity of dip
ping into' deferred classes.
Guesses as to how hih congress
would be asked to boost the army
appropriations ranged from 15 to 18 bil
lion with the inajcity choosing the
$12,000,000,000 already appropriated
and would cover expenses of calling
out five million men.
Viereck Admits He Was
In German Employ
New York. July 2i.--Seor?o
Silvester Viereck 'a exposure as
a paid agent of the German
4s propaganda . machine in the
United Htateg came close today
on the heels of announcement
that he had been expelled irom
the Authors' Leam for his al-
leged dis!'ivi:I,y. He formerly
published the Fatherland, and
later Viereck 's Weekly.
Viereck, under examination
by United Slates officials, ad-
mitted he received approximate
ly $'250 a week from Austrian
and German sources and that
i: at other times he rcci'cd as
much as $100,000 from Count
Von Bernstorff and other Oer-
.mar agents- His library, con-
sisting mostly of German war
propaganda, is in the hands of
W. F. Peck, in from his farm on
Smith river, informs the Keedsport
' nn.i..m I. n t . n r.,.nA..n ,.t Un a..a-..;V
of labor th farmers themselves are!
Irtich doing the work of two men right
DBMS OF till
Official Notice of Former Ru
..Isrs Death Received
From Ural Council
By Joseph Shapleti
. (United Press staff correspondent)
Stockholm, 'Ju'y 25. The soviet
pan-executive council has placed its ap-
proval on the. execution of formef
Fri-.Csar Nicholas, it was learned here to-
lliairman jsveroiorr tnnounced at a
meeting of the council that official no
tification of the execution had been re
ceived from the Ural soviet saying:
"The Moscow government had plan
ned to give Nicholas a trial for his
crimes against the people, but the ef
forts of monarchists to kidnap the for
mer czar inado his execution inevit
The pan-executives then passed the
V e recognize that tho execution
of Nicholas was absolutely correct
8verdlc.fr also told the council that
the body had come into possession of
valuable documents taken from the for
mer ruler, including his own diary, and
that of the fomer czarina and' alJ
correspondence between the former
czar and the Monk Rasputin and be
tween the czarina and the monk. This
will all be published shortly, it was
The press of Russia, including the so
cialist newspapers, ia condemning the
execution, declaring it cruel and un
necessary. JSicholas, hey point out,
was harmless and thev declare thai
'the-bolshevik! claim that ithe Czecho
slovaks were planning to kidnap hiin
was made for the purpose of discredit
ing the Czechs and alsoto excuse the.
Reports have rea'hed here that the
Grand Dukes Ignor KonstantinovLteh,
Kon,tantin Konstantinovitch and Ser
gei Michaelovitch have been kidnaped
from Alpayevsk after a severe battle
with red guards. ,
DEPRECATES MOB RULE
OF" LA WLESS PASSION"
Washington, July 20. Forcefully de-.for her fame and honi : and character,
nouncing an aparent growth of "mob or who is truly loyal to her institu
spirit "as emulating the "lawless jtions, can jus: if y mob action while
passion" of Oerinaiiy, who has "dis-jthe courts of justice are open and the
regarded sa'red obligations of law i governments of the, states and the
and made lynchers of her armies, " 'nation are ready to do their duty.
President Wilson today appealed t.) We are at this very moment fighthig
the country "to make an cud of this lawlessness, passion Germany has
disgraceful" evil." outlawed herself among the nations
bvuchings. ho said, constitute a
blow at the hearts of law anil human
justice," and contribute "to German
lies about the United States, what her
most gifted liars cannot improve upon
by the way of calumy. "
The text of the president's procla
"My fellow countrymen:
"I take tho liberty of addressing
you upon a subject which so vitally
affects tho honor of the nation and
the very character and integity of
our institutions that 1 trust you will
think me justified in speaking very
plainly about it. '
"I'allude to the mob spirit which
has recently here and there very fre
quently shewn its head amongst us,
not in any single region, but in many
and widely separated
country. There have
parts of the
lynehings and every one of them has
been a blow at tho heart of ordered
law and human justice No man who
loves America, no man who really cares
1 War Summary of United Press I
i iiinuiiuiiiiiiiuiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii r
1 1454th Dav of the War 9th
Soissons-Rheinis front Voluntary re lieyed to have employed fully three
tirenient of the Germans within the quarters of a million men on this front,
huge pocket apparently has been stop-j including .great numbers of divisions
ped' under political pressure, but it is that have been practically wiped out
rontiuuiif; linvrdun.jaily under allied land withdrawn. Their losses are vari
pressure. ously estimated at 125,000 to 200,000,
French. Americans, liiitish and Ital-j including 25,000 prisoners. Between
ians are biting olf sizeable chunks of 400 and 500 cannon have been cap
the salient, taking a village here and Itured.
a wood there, or sweeping across open
f'"'ds. I Picardy front British troops repuls-
The most notable progress is being a heavy attack on their new posi
niade on tho southwestern edge of the Uioiis in the Hebuterne sector, north of
salient, where the allies are advancing I Albert, tint night. German artillery
on a front of mine than fifteen miles ) was active along the Somm?.
wing. of this advance already has cap
tured Oulchy-Le-Chateau, the most im
portant defense of Fere-En-Tardenois
I Additional progress is being made
between Onlcliy-Le- bateau and Hois-
sons and southwest of Rheims, astride i
tlia A rv! M rfl f'V
The lUbting i d-velnping into one
of th? most violent aid sun-iuinarv oa;
tics of th war. The Germans are be -
rrogress mu rurce uenaana
To Retire With Loss
ft ft D
ENTIRE SALIENT NOW
UNDER ARTILLERY FIRE
Pocket Containing Crown
Princes Armies Being
By Fred &. Ferguson. -
(United Press Staff Correspondon'..)
With The American Armies In Franco
July 20. (8:30 a. m.) Under pressure!
from the Franco-American forces driv
ing upon Uere-JSn laruenois, tile Ger
mans now face withdrawal across the
Ourcq in the same costly circumstances
that marked their retirement across the
The allied advance, despite tempo
rary setbacks at some points, is gcucr
ally steady along the thr.eo highways
leading to Fere-En-Tardenois from the
south and southwest. Particularly hard
fighting is under way in Fere forrest,
but "lc Americans and Fr.mch are ys
tcmutiially cleaning the enemy machine
gun nests out of these woods. .
While practically all the interior ot
the salient is under fire from allied ar
tillery and airmen, especially h.avy
bombardments are being directed on
Fcre-En-Tardonois, where the Germans'
fllaborate railway and highway system
(Continued on pagj two'
Decaus.i she has disregarded the sac
red obligations of law and has made
lynchers of her armies. Lynchers em
ulate her disgraceful example. I, for
my pa.t, urn anxious to see every
community in America rise above the
level, with pride and a fixed resolu
tion which no man or set of men can
We proudly claim to be chum-
afford too despise
jpions of democracy. If we really are,
indeed, and in truth, let us see to it
thai wa do not discredit our own. 1
say plainly that every American who
takes part in the action of a mob or
gives it any sort of countenance is
no true son of this great democracy,
out its betrayer, and does more to
discredit h; r by t!:a: sing'e disloyalty
to her standards of lav,' and right than
j the words of her statesmen or the
, sacifiees of her heroic hoys in the
j trenches ca.ii do to make Buffering
j people believe her to be their savior,
I (Continued from page one)
Dav of Counter Offensive
Flanders front A German attack
against British positions at SIcteen,
was iffoKon ii
this morning after
Rusia Czech forces, through the
cao'urc of Sim'.irA. now control all
'the vast territory east of the Volga
river, in r.urop'an itinsia and ronsm
!eiab!e ground wet of the river.
' THE FRENCH KNE W"
EXPLAINS DEFEA T OF
GERMANS ON MARNE
MFAT WIIQ QTfllFM
nLHI HnU UlULLll
nronin n Tmnfrn
Bold Operations of Gang Told
In Indictments of Federal
Now York, July 20 How the gov
ernment re-purchased meat stolen from
its warehouse was described in feder
al indictments returned today against
21 men, including wholesale and reWil
butchers, truck drivers and two gov
Tho indictment specifically charged
" embezzlement of government beef"
frcin the Manhattan Refrigerating com
pany's warehouse, through a systom
of talse checking.
More than 100,000 pounds of beef
have been stolen from the warehouse
since April, which marks the extent of
the federal grand jury's investigation.
This beef was bought by the govern
ment at an average price of 24 cents
i pound. It was sold to certain whole
sale and retail butchers at 13 to 17
cents a pound, A groat quantity of this,
iit was alleged, was, in turn, sold to the
Brooklyn navy yard at 23 to 26 cents
a pound. .
Th9 warehouse, which is used for
storago of government beef prepara
tory to shipment to the American ex
peditionary force, at times contained
as hih ns tinea million pounds. The
indicted checkers are alleged to havo
inado it appear that less beef was in
storago than was actually received.
When a truckload of beef would
("Continued en page twe
"Ml of iottor
From "Over There
General Pershing's Official Report
Washington, July 20 Ninety eight i
casualties listed by General Pershing
today included: .
Killed in action 21; died oB wounds
4; died of disease 6; wounded severe
ly 00; missing ill action 0; prisoners
The list follows:
Killed in Action
W. Jordan, Danville, Va.
A. Osborne, Irvington, N. J.
E. Wardell, Beverly, Mass,
J. Worthv. Lowell, Mass.
Mechanic" 8. J. Whittukor, Fall Riv
L. E. Abbott, Swnmpscott, Mass.
E. L. BusiiiRer, Tuttle, Okln.
C. Hapanovich, Russia.
F. A. Harrington, Mcthuen, Mass.
C. McDnniel, Bngnell, Mo.
E. (). Mciirnth, Lakepot, N. II.
P. Marchn, Russia
J. Messina, Kankakee, 111,
W. J. Metzen, Howard, 111.
F. L. Kiffenliurg, North Adams, Mass
J. Kehu'fiz, North Detroit, Mich.
M. Smith, Kali Leaf, Kan.
E. F. Hnydcr, Holynke, Mass.
(). E. Sapor, Wes: Homerville. Mass.
lit Hpiitz, Lawrence, Mass.
S. (J. Wilbur, Hoslinilule, Mass.
Died of Wounds
Sergeant J. A. Peterson, Sweden
ARRIVAL OF YANKEES
YEAR'S BIGGEST EVENT
American Troops Have En
abled General Foch to
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert.)
New York, July 20. The fourth year j
nf the war is ending with the strategic ;
initiative dramatically restored to his campaign of ruthlessly sacrificing
General Foch along the Marne. follow- ibis own troops; a'il it was the knowl
ing America's cooperative engage-jedge of the overwhelming reinforce
ments with the allies. i moots America was sending to the al
Tho arrival ef America's first mil- )'"' that permitted General Foch to
lion t romps in Prance, ensuring the',"0 driven back without loss
final defeat of German militarism has iot ni0,n e the allied forces. Every
een tne niost important event of the
1 fourth vear of the war.
Tho turning point in modern civil- year, nas similarly uec, uw.cn mu..
ization will probably be dated by fu-1 mentally upon Americas forthcoming
turc historians fem "the vear of strife 'major activities in the war.
now dosing, because of America's!
'resolve to consent to no peace until !
.the Hoheniwllcrn menace to the world
- is cru.-nei- rape im- im-.i j
Amerietn troops have played only a
Inside History Of German
failure And Allied Suc
cess Is Given
By Lowell Mellett.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The French Armies In The
Field, July 20. Expiation of the
monumental defeat given the crown
prjnce's army can be made in time
"The French Knew."
The German "peace offensive" was
launched. July 15. On July 12 Uoivral
Pctain submitted to General Foch a plan
tomcet the coming attack. On July 13,
Foch approved it. At 11.40 the night of
July 14 twenty minutes before the atr
tack a defensive artillery fire began
harrassing tho waiting German mar
Beady for Counter Blow.
Counter offensive forces were read
to move the first Huv of tne battle but
wane withheld until the ctowu print's
forces reached a previously determine!
line of resisteuce and were so deeply in
volved they could not alter thoir plan f
and meet tho unexpected onslaught on
their west flank.
Tho reason tho crown princo or Hln
denburg, or Ludendorff had not ex
pected such an attack was that they
shared the general mistaken opinion
that the French wore bled white. It is
now possible to toll the whole story of
the battle. , '
Following the success achieved in the
battle beginning May 27, and after the
battle of June 9, which was without suc
cess, tho German high command, con
vinced tho French were worn out and
all their fight gono, took little pains to
disguise their plans.
Date of Offensive Changed.
The French wero tired, it is truo, bU
so were the Germans - The latter Hn
lny,od longer than the French thought
(Continued on Mti alsl
C. Tiimlin, Fountain Inn,'
Claudio Morong, Rizal,
J. A. Urbnnski, Mies, 111.
Died of Disease
R. (', Becker, Cohasset. Minn.
W. Bowdin, Magan, N. C,
E. D. Lewis, Williamsburg, Pa.
F. S. Rupert, Bradford, Pa.
F. Tenchenor, Shelbina, Mo.
J. Williams, I.nn,;bkin, (la.
Wounded Severely '
Sergeants J. A. King, Chicago
A. J. Piper, Chicago
Corporals A- I'agamenos, Cedar Rap
I.. (). Whitsim, Chicago
Bugler H. Duscher, Chicago
F, J. Downing, Chicago
W. J. (Irzela, Chicago
A. A. Kozlowski, Chicago
A. B. Lundberg, Chicago
L. M. Pnrra, Phoenix, Arix.
(1. II. Plate, Chicago
A, Ptak, Chicago
H. F. Waschbus h, Chicago
Missing In Action
Piivato J. Regan, Jcliet. III.
Previously reported missing now of
ficially reported as having returned to
Private J. 8'ack, Springfield, 111.
minor part in tho year's fighting, the
United Slates has predominantly in
fluenced the strategy of the fourth
year of the war. Tha outstanding
"battlefield facts of the year have been
to break the British and French fronts,
and General Foch's counter-policy of
Hindeuburg 's Motive
It was fear of America's fast accum
ulating military -strength that com
pelled von . Ilindenbilrg to engage in
t major p'an worked out in i.erun as
jweil as tn we capi.ms r itie w.icti w
The necessity for thcti plans was
fully justified at the first sericus en-
IIIC .'I.IIVI a
(Continued on page sevea)